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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050375/interstitial-fluid-pressure-of-thymic-epithelial-tumours
#1
Takeshi Mori, Wataru Nishi, Tatsuya Yamada, Yamato Motooka, Koei Ikeda, Kenji Shiraishi, Makoto Suzuki
Tumours show an increased interstitial fluid pressure, which correlates with various pathophysiological features. Moreover, interstitial fluid pressure is a prognostic factor for cervical and lung cancer. However, there have been no reports on the usefulness of measuring interstitial fluid pressure in thymic epithelial tumours. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the relationship between interstitial fluid pressure and the clinicopathological characteristics of thymic epithelial tumours. Interstitial fluid pressure was prospectively measured at the centre of the tumour using a 1-Fr Mikro-Tip sensor catheter in 44 patients with thymic epithelial tumours, 40 with thymomas and 4 with thymic carcinomas...
August 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050356/negative-lymph-node-count-is-a-significant-prognostic-factor-in-patient-with-stage-iv-gastric-cancer-after-palliative-gastrectomy
#2
Changhua Zhuo, Mingang Ying, Ruirong Lin, Xianyi Wu, Shen Guan, Chunkang Yang
Negative lymph node (NLN) count has been validated as a protective predictor in various cancers after radical resection. However, the prognostic value of NLN count in the setting of stage IV gastric cancer patients who have received palliative resection has not been investigated. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER)-registered gastric cancer patients were used for analysis in this study. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and multivariate Cox proportional hazards model were used to assess the risk factors for patients' survivals...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050349/nomograms-incorporated-serum-direct-bilirubin-level-for-predicting-prognosis-in-stages-ii-and-iii-colorectal-cancer-after-radical-resection
#3
Qunfeng Zhang, Xiaowei Ma, Qunhuan Xu, Juanxiu Qin, Yanhua Wang, Qian Liu, Hua Wang, Min Li
An elevated serum bilirubin has been reported to be associated with a reduced risk of some cancer; however, the prognostic significance of serum bilirubin in colorectal cancer wasn't fully understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether serum bilirubin could predict the prognosis of patients in stages II and III colorectal cancer. A retrospective cohort of 986 patients with colorectal cancer who received surgical resection between January 2005 and December 2010 was included in the study. Levels for serum bilirubin were obtained from medical records...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050330/mir-196a2-and-lung-cancer-in-chinese-non-smoking-females-a-genetic-association-study-and-expression-analysis
#4
Zhihua Yin, Zhigang Cui, Yangwu Ren, Lingzi Xia, Hang Li, Baosen Zhou
BACKGROUND: The common polymorphism rs11614913 in miR-196a2 might be associated with lung cancer risk for non-smoking females in northeast China. METHODS: The genotypes of rs11614913 in miR-196a2 were determined by a case-control study including 1003 patients with lung cancer and 1003 healthy controls. The tissues were detected to assess the miRNA expression. Secondary structures of miR-196a2 were predicted. RESULTS: There was a significant association between miR-196a2 rs11614913 and lung cancer risk in Chinese non-smoking females...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050328/prognostic-role-of-pretreatment-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-urologic-cancer
#5
Jianfeng Wang, Yang Liu, Naiwen Zhang, Xuejie Li, Peng Xin, Jianbin Bi, Chuize Kong
The prognostic value of platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in urologic cancer does not reach a consensus. Herein, we performed the meta-analysis to determine the prognostic role of PLR in patients with urologic cancer. A literature search was performed in the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Hazard ratios (HRs) were extracted to estimate the association between PLR and prognosis. A total of 20 articles comprising 6079 patients were included in this study. The pooled results showed that a high PLR was significantly associated with worse prognosis of overall survival (OS) in urologic cancer [HR=1...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050327/prognostic-and-predictive-value-of-serum-carcinoembryonic-antigen-levels-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-sensitive-mutations-and-receiving-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors
#6
Xin Min Zhao, Jing Zhao, Kai Lin Xing, Si Sun, Zhi Guo Luo, Hui Jie Wang, Jia Lei Wang, Jian Hua Chang, Xiang Hua Wu
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread use of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in advanced or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), no biomarkers for predicting the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs in patients with EGFR-sensitive mutations have yet been identified. The purpose of our study was to explore the effect of baseline serum tumor markers in stage IIIB/IV NSCLC patients treated with EGFR-TKIs. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-seven patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC who harbored EGFR-sensitive mutations and were treated with EGFR-TKIs were retrospectively reviewed...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050324/prognostic-and-predictive-value-of-metastatic-lymph-node-ratio-in-stage-iii-gastric-cancer-after-d2-nodal-dissection
#7
Yinbo Chen, Cong Li, Yian Du, Qi Xu, Jieer Ying, Cong Luo
INTRODUCTION: This study is to evaluate the prognostic and predictive value of metastatic lymph node ratio (MLR) in stage III gastric cancer following radical D2 dissection. METHODS: 87 patients who underwent radical resection with D2 lymphadenectomy were retrospectively evaluated. The median age was 60 with a 2:1 ratio of male/female. Of these 87 patients, 83 underwent total gastrectomy, the remaining 4 underwent subtotal gastrectomy and 57 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy with fluoropyrimidines...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050295/a-comprehensive-study-of-circulating-tumour-cells-at-the-moment-of-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-biological-and-clinical-implications-of-egfr-ar-and-snps
#8
Ignacio Puche-Sanz, María J Alvarez-Cubero, Manrique Pascual-Geler, Alba Rodríguez-Martínez, Miguel Delgado-Rodríguez, José L García-Puche, José Expósito, Inmaculada Robles-Fernández, Carmen Entrala-Bernal, José A Lorente, José M Cózar-Olmo, María J Serrano
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been recently accepted as prognostic markers in metastatic prostate cancer (PCa). However, very few studies have analyzed their role in early-stage PCa. The aim of this research is to study the value of CTCs at the moment of PCa diagnosis and to identify different subpopulations of CTCs. Patients with PSA value > 4 ng/ml and clinical suspicion of PCa were included. Samples were collected immediately before prostatic biopsy. CTCs were isolated by immunomagnetic technique using a multi-CK specific antibody...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050294/the-density-of-mast-cells-c-kit-and-tryptase-correlates-with-each-other-and-with-angiogenesis-in-pancreatic-cancer-patients
#9
Michele Ammendola, Cosmo Damiano Gadaleta, Adam Enver Frampton, Tullio Piardi, Riccardo Memeo, Valeria Zuccalà, Maria Luposella, Rosa Patruno, Nicola Zizzo, Pietro Gadaleta, Patrick Pessaux, Rosario Sacco, Giuseppe Sammarco, Girolamo Ranieri
Literature data suggest that inflammatory cells such as mast cells (MCs) are involved in angiogenesis. MCs can stimulate angiogenesis by releasing of well identified pro-angiogenic cytokines stored in their cytoplasm. In particular, MCs can release tryptase, a potent in vivo and in vitro pro-angiogenic factor. Nevertheless, few data are available concerning the role of MCs positive to tryptase in primary pancreatic cancer angiogenesis. This study analyzed the correlation between mast cells positive to c-Kit receptor (c-Kit(+) MCs), the density of MCs expressing tryptase (MCD-T) and microvascular density (MVD) in primary tumor tissue from patients affected by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050291/natural-killer-cell-activity-for-ifn-gamma-production-as-a-supportive-diagnostic-marker-for-gastric-cancer
#10
Jongmi Lee, Ki Hyun Park, Ji Hyeong Ryu, Hyun Jin Bae, Aeran Choi, Hyeyoung Lee, Jihyang Lim, Kyungja Han, Cho Hyun Park, Eun Sun Jung, Eun-Jee Oh
BACKGROUND/AIM: Decreased Natural killer cell activity (NKA) for interferon-gamma production (NKA-IFNγ) has been reported in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of NKA-IFNγ for gastric cancer (GC). RESULTS: NKA-IFNγ levels were decreased in 261 GC patients with all stages of tumor compared to those in 48 healthy donors (P < 0.001), and lower levels of NKA-IFNγ were associated with higher GC stages. NKA-IFNγ levels were also associated with clinicopathological parameters including tumor size, depth of invasion, and lymph node metastasis...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050263/the-prognostic-value-of-osteopontin-in-limited-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-and-its-mechanism
#11
Fanglei Liu, Chunxue Bai, Zhongliang Guo
Osteopontin (OPN) is known to be overexpressed in numerous carcinomas. Although abundant OPN has been reported to be correlated with poor survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) but their clinical and prognostic significance in SCLC remains unknown. In this study, RNA-sequencing was used to obtain gene expression data in SCLC tissue samples and OPN expression levels were then investigated using qPCR, immunohistochemical and Western blot. We found OPN was one of the most upregulated genes. Besides, the correlation of OPN with tumor clinicopathological characteristics was evaluated and we found OPN was associated with advanced tumor stages...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050262/longitudinal-rotation-a-new-way-to-detect-the-cardiotoxicity-of-anthracycline-based-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-patients
#12
Jun Huang, Zi-Ning Yan, Yi-Fei Rui, Dan Shen, Li Fan, Dong-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The study was to compare cardiac parameters before and after anthracycline-based chemotherapy and identify a parameter for detecting cardiotoxicity in breast cancer patients. METHODS: Cardiac function in 43 female breast cancer patients was evaluated at three time points: baseline, 1-3 days before the initiation of anthracycline-based chemotherapy; 3 weeks and 6 months after the final cycle of chemotherapy. At each visit, the peak longitudinal velocity; strain rate; peak systolic strain; peak systolic longitudinal displacement, and segmental and global longitudinal rotation degrees of the left ventricular were measured...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050261/alpha-linolenic-acid-stabilizes-hif-1-%C3%AE-and-downregulates-fasn-to-promote-mitochondrial-apoptosis-for-mammary-gland-chemoprevention
#13
Subhadeep Roy, Atul Kumar Rawat, Shreesh Raj Sammi, Uma Devi, Manjari Singh, Swetlana Gautam, Rajnish Kumar Yadav, Jitendra Kumar Rawat, Lakhveer Singh, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Abdulaziz S Saeedan, Rakesh Pandey, Dinesh Kumar, Gaurav Kaithwas
Alpha linolenic acid is an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid and is reported to have the anti-cancer potential with no defined hypothesis or mechanism/s. Henceforth present study was in-quested to validate the effect of alpha linolenic acid on mitochondrial apoptosis, hypoxic microenvironment and de novo fatty acid synthesis using in-vitro and in-vivo studies. The IC50 value of alpha linolenic acid was recorded to be 17.55μM against ER+MCF-7 cells. Treatment with alpha linolenic acid was evident for the presence of early and late apoptotic signals along with mitochondrial depolarization, when studied through acridine orange/ethidium bromide and JC-1 staining...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050239/application-of-in-vivo-imaging-techniques-to-monitor-therapeutic-efficiency-of-plx4720-in-an-experimental-model-of-microsatellite-instable-colorectal-cancer
#14
Sarah Rohde, Tobias Lindner, Stefan Polei, Jan Stenzel, Luise Borufka, Sophie Achilles, Eric Hartmann, Falko Lange, Claudia Maletzki, Michael Linnebacher, Änne Glass, Sarah Marie Schwarzenböck, Jens Kurth, Alexander Hohn, Brigitte Vollmar, Bernd Joachim Krause, Robert Jaster
OBJECTIVES: Patient-derived tumor cell lines are a powerful tool to analyze the sensitivity of individual tumors to specific therapies in mice. An essential prerequisite for such an approach are reliable quantitative techniques to monitor tumor progression in vivo. METHODS: We have employed HROC24 cells, grown heterotopically in NMRI Foxn1(nu) mice, as a model of microsatellite instable colorectal cancer to investigate the therapeutic efficiencies of 5'-fluorouracil (5'-FU) and the mutant BRAF inhibitor PLX4720, a vemurafenib analogue, by three independent methods: external measurement by caliper, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with 2-deoxy-2-((18)F)fluoro-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050230/a-potential-panel-of-two-long-non-coding-rna-signature-to-predict-recurrence-of-patients-with-laryngeal-cancer
#15
Zhigang Bai, Enhong Shi, Qiwei Wang, Zhouwei Dong, Ping Xu
Accumulating evidence has shown that aberrant lncRNA expression plays an oncogenic or tumor-suppressive role in the tumorigenesis of laryngeal cancer. However, the prognostic roles of lncRNAs in laryngeal cancer recurrence are still poorly understood. In this study, we obtained lncRNA expression profiles of 109 patients with laryngeal cancer by mining previously published gene expression microarray data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and identified two lncRNAs associated with laryngeal cancer recurrence in the training dataset by using Cox regression analysis...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050177/-application-of-three-dimensional-visualization-in-pancreatic-tumor-a-pilot-study
#16
S Z Wang, X B Wang, M Li, R X Shen, H Rong, J S Li
Objective: To study the value of three-dimensional(3D) visualization in the diagnosis and surgical treatment for pancreatic tumor. Methods: From June to September 2016, 26 patients with pancreatic tumors in Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were involved. The study included 26 patients(8 females and 18 males) with mean age of (57±12)years (ranging from 23 to 77 years). And there were 20 malignant tumors and 6 benign tumors. All of them were examined with abdominal thin slice CT scanning and the CT images were imported into 3D visualization system for 3D visualization...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050171/-use-of-prostate-health-index-in-diagnosing-prostate-cancer-in-chinese-men
#17
Y Zhu, B Tang, B Dai, X J Qin, X L Lu, D W Ye
Objective: To investigate the value of prostate health index (PHI) in the diagnosis of prostate cancer in patients with total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) <20 μg/L. Methods: Totally 1 135 patients with tPSA<20 μg/L and prostate biopsy indications at Department of Urology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from March 2013 to April 2016 were enrolled in this study. They were tested for serum tPSA, free prostate specific antigen and prostate specific antigen isoform 2, from which PHI was calculated...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050004/study-on-clinical-factors-involved-in-helicobacter-pylori-uninfected-undifferentiated-type-early-gastric-cancer
#18
Yusuke Horiuchi, Junko Fujisaki, Naoki Ishizuka, Masami Omae, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Masatsugu Nagahama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Tomohiro Tsuchida
BACKGROUND: The factors associated with the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori-uninfected undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (HPUGC) remain unclear. This study compared patient characteristics, including medical history and alcohol/tobacco use, of HPUGC patients with characteristics of patients with H. pylori-positive undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (HPPGC) to clarify and gain understanding on those differences that could play a role in the pathogenesis. METHODS: This retrospective study included 282 patients who were treated endoscopically from March 2005 to March 2014...
October 19, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049940/photocatalytic-degradation-of-synthetic-food-dye-sunset-yellow-fcf-fd-c-yellow-no-6-by-ailanthus-excelsa-roxb-possessing-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activity
#19
Subramanyam Deepika, Rajendran Harishkumar, Murugesan Dinesh, Rajadurai Abarna, Moorthy Anbalagan, Selvaraj Mohana Roopan, Chinnadurai Immanuel Selvaraj
The purpose of our work is to identify the bioactive compounds of bark and leaves extract from Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. and to explore its effectiveness against synthetic food dye. The presence of primary and secondary metabolites was confirmed by carrying out phytochemicals analysis. With the prior knowledge accessible on the indispensable secondary metabolites holding antioxidant and cytotoxicity activity, the quantitative screening of total phenolic and flavonoid content in methanolic and aqueous extract of bark and leaves from Ailanthus excelsa were done...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049926/afm-detected-apoptosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-induced-by-american-ginseng-root-water-extract
#20
Yingmin Qu, Zuobin Wang, Feihu Zhao, Jinyun Liu, Wenxiao Zhang, Jingmei Li, Zhengxun Song, Hongmei Xu
American ginseng as a common and traditional herbal medicine has been used in cancer treatment for many years. However, the effect of American ginseng on the cancer cell response (i.e. apoptosis) has not been fully understood yet. Previous studies demonstrated that cellular apoptosis was associated with the changes of mechanical and morphological properties. Therefore, in this study, mechanical and morphological characterizations were carried out by both atomic force microscope (AFM) and inverted optical microscope to investigate the apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (SMMC-7721) cells affected by American ginseng root water extract (AGRWE)...
October 12, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
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