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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211745/the-back-belief-questionnaire-is-efficient-to-assess-false-beliefs-and-related-fear-in-low-back-pain-populations-a-transcultural-adaptation-and-validation-study
#1
Arnaud Dupeyron, Charlotte Lanhers, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Matthias Toulotte, Claire Jourdan, Emmanuel Coudeyre
BACKGROUND: According to the fear avoidance model, beliefs and thoughts can modify the outcome of patient with low back pain. The Back Belief Questionnaire (BBQ)-a 14 items scale-assesses these consequences of low back pain. OBJECTIVE: To test the psychometric properties of the French version of the BBQ. METHODS: The BBQ was translated using the forward-backward translation process. Throughout three repeated evaluation time points (D1, D7 and D30), various aspects of validity were analysed: acceptability, quality of items, unidimentionality, internal consistency, temporal stability (between D1 and D7), responsiveness (between D7 and D30), and construct validity comparing it to other validated scales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989073/psychological-features-and-their-relationship-to-movement-based-subgroups-in-people-living-with-low-back-pain
#2
Nicholas V Karayannis, Gwendolen A Jull, Michael K Nicholas, Paul W Hodges
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of higher psychological risk features within movement-based subgroups for people with Low Back Pain (LBP) DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study SETTING: Participants were recruited from physiotherapy clinics and community advertisements. Measures were collected at a university outpatient-based physiotherapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 102 people seeking treatment for LBP INTERVENTIONS: Participants were subgrouped according to three classification schemes: Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment (MDT), Treatment Based Classification (TBC) and O'Sullivan Classification (OSC)...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941003/trajectories-of-fear-avoidance-beliefs-on-physcial-activity-over-two-years-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Ingrid Demmelmaier, Annika Björk, Alyssa B Dufour, Birgitta Nordgren, Christina H Opava
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe two-year trajectories of fear-avoidance beliefs on physical activity and to identify predictors of these trajectories in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We included 2569 persons with RA (77% women, mean age 58 years). Data on fear-avoidance beliefs (Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire - Physical Activity subscale, FABQ-PA, 0-24), sociodemographics, disease-related variables, self-efficacy and health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) were collected from registers and by questionnaires at baseline, 14 and 26 months...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816827/the-relationship-between-fear-avoidance-and-objective-biomechanical-measures-of-function-in-patients-with-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#4
Ram Haddas, Isador H Lieberman, Andrew Block
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The current study utilized quantitative gait analysis to examine the relationship of fear-avoidance beliefs to gait patterns in patients with adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Among patients with chronic spine pain, fear-avoidance beliefs are predictive of behavioral deficiencies, poor work and surgery outcomes. The impact of such beliefs on patients with major spinal deformity has yet to be investigated...
August 14, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780340/physical-activity-levels-in-individuals-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain
#5
Neal R Glaviano, Andrea Baellow, Susan Saliba
OBJECTIVES: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a chronic condition that results in long-term subjective and objective impairments. PFP has been identified to result in modification in activity levels, however it is unknown the extent of activity levels in individuals with and without PFP. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: 20 individuals with PFP and 20 healthy individuals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physical activity was assessed by steps per day, minutes of mild, moderate, and high activity over 14 consecutive days...
September 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743357/fear-avoidance-beliefs-increase-perception-of-pain-and-disability-in-mexicans-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
Tania Inés Nava-Bringas, Salvador Israel Macías-Hernández, Jorge Rodrigo Vásquez-Ríos, Roberto Coronado-Zarco, Antonio Miranda-Duarte, Eva Cruz-Medina, Aurelia Arellano-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Fear-avoidance beliefs are related to the prognosis of chronicity in low back pain in subacute stages, however in chronic pain, is no clear the influence of these factors; it has been suggested that the study population can determine the magnitude of influence on disability and pain of those suffering from back pain. Currently, information does not exist in the Mexican population. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between fear-avoidance beliefs with pain and disability in Mexicans with chronic low back pain; analyze potentials differences between subgroups according to the time of evolution...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605298/collegiate-athletes-with-ankle-sprain-history-exhibit-greater-fear-avoidance-beliefs
#7
Megan N Houston, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew C Hoch
CONTEXT: Post-injury, collegiate athletes have reported elevated levels of fear. However, it is unclear how history of ankle sprain impacts injury-related fear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) scores differ between collegiate athletes with a history of a single ankle sprain, those with recurrent ankle sprains, and healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association institutions...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604073/-fear-and-avoidance-beliefs-in-chronic-pain-the-translation-and-validation-of-the-hungarian-version-of-the-fabq-questionnaire
#8
Eszter Simoncsics, Adrienne Stauder
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is one of the top reasons for seeking medical advice. In the background of the dysfunction besides the somatic pain dysfunctional thinking, negative emotional states, or interpersonal problems can be identified as well. One of the most important factors making the rehabilitation difficult is the fear and avoidance of physical activity. AIM: The aim of the study was to adapt and validate the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ-H) in Hungarian...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545320/the-influence-of-pain-related-beliefs-on-physical-activity-and-health-attitudes-in-patients-with-claudication-a-pilot-study
#9
Sherene E Sharath, Panos Kougias, Neal R Barshes
We examined how pain beliefs are related to symptom severity, expectations of risk/benefits, and baseline physical activity among claudicants. Eligible patients at the Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center were administered questionnaires that measured: fear-avoidance beliefs (Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire [FABQ]), walking impairment, baseline physical activity, claudication type, and risk/benefit attitudes. Among 20 participants, the median age was 69 years (IQR: 66-75). In our efforts to understand how fear-avoidance beliefs influenced physical activity among people with claudication, we found that 12 out of 19 participants (63%) thought that the primary etiology of their pain was walking, while 18 (out of 20) (90%) people thought that walking would exacerbate their leg symptoms - suggesting that there was some confusion regarding the effects of walking on claudication...
October 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540106/association-of-physical-performance-and-fear-avoidance-beliefs-in-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
V P Panhale, R S Gurav, S K Nahar
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a commonest musculoskeletal disorder affecting majority of people. Activity limitations are difficulties an individual may have in executing activities resulting from person's functioning and disability. According to the fear-avoidance model of low back pain, individuals who perceive pain as a sign of potential damage are more likely to avoid behaviors that increase their anxiety and show sub-maximal performance during physical activity. AIM: Purpose of this study was to find the association between activity limitation and fear avoidance belief in patients with chronic low back pain...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442077/construct-and-discriminant-validity-of-start-back-screening-tool-brazilian-version
#11
Bruna Pilz, Rodrigo A Vasconcelos, Paulo P Teixeira, Wilson Mello, Freddy B Marcondes, Jonathan C Hill, Débora B Grossi
BACKGROUND: The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBST) was developed to stratify low back pain patients according to their risk of future physical disability so that prognostic subgroups can receive matched treatments in primary care. OBJECTIVE: To measure the construct and discriminative validity of the SBST-Brazil questionnaire. METHOD: A hundred and fifty one patients were recruited to test the construct and discriminative validity comparing the SBST-Brazil to the Brazilian Version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire-Work (FABQ-W) and Physical Activity (FABQ-PA) subscales at baseline...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275956/de-educate-to-re-educate-aging-and-low-back-pain
#12
Adriaan Louw, Kory Zimney, Eldon A Johnson, Chris Kraemer, Justin Fesler, Tyler Burcham
BACKGROUND: Patients' beliefs about their condition have been shown to play a significant role in their pain experience and response to treatment, especially when a patient sees their tissue health as vulnerable or aged. Educational can alter these beliefs. Prior to new information, patients often have to be de-educated regarding common misbeliefs to undergo re-education. AIMS: To determine if a brief de-education session regarding aging and low back pain (LBP) can shift pain ratings, fear-avoidance beliefs, beliefs regarding aging and LBP, and limited active trunk flexion...
March 9, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267053/reliability-and-validity-of-the-pain-anxiety-symptom-scale-in-persian-speaking-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#13
Sanaz Shanbehzadeh, Mahyar Salavati, Mahnaz Tavahomi, Ali Khatibi, Saeed Talebian, Khosro Khademi-Kalantari
STUDY DESIGN: Psychometric testing of the Persian version of Pain Anxiety Symptom Scale 20. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and construct validity of the PASS-20 in nonspecific chronic low back pain (LBP) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The PASS-20 is a self-report questionnaire that assesses pain-related anxiety. The Psychometric properties of this instrument have not been assessed in Persian-speaking chronic LBP patients...
November 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253055/the-examination-of-patient-reported-outcomes-and-postural-control-measures-in-patients-with-and-without-a-history-of-acl-reconstruction-a-case-control-study
#14
Johanna M Hoch, Cori W Sinnott, Kendall P Robinson, William O Perkins, Jonathan W Hartman
CONTEXT: There is a lack of literature to support the diagnostic accuracy and cut-off scores of commonly used patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and clinician-oriented outcomes such as postural-control assessments (PCAs) when treating post-ACL reconstruction (ACLR) patients. These scores could help tailor treatments, enhance patient-centered care and may identify individuals in need of additional rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To determine if differences in 4-PROMs and 3-PCAs exist between post-ACLR and healthy participants, and to determine the diagnostic accuracy and cut-off scores of these outcomes...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003888/lumbar-kinematics-functional-disability-and-fear-avoidance-beliefs-among-adults-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#15
Nancy G Jette, Yi L Lim, Hui L Lim, Sabarul A Mokhtar, Kok B Gan, Devinder K A Singh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine correlations between lumbar kinematics, functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs among adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain (LBP). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March and December 2014. A total of 32 adults diagnosed with nonspecific chronic LBP were recruited from outpatients attending either an orthopaedic clinic at a university hospital or a private physiotherapy clinic in Malaysia...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866777/fear-avoidance-beliefs-increase-perception-of-pain-and-disability-in-mexicans-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Tania Inés Nava-Bringas, Salvador Israel Macías-Hernández, Jorge Rodrigo Vásquez-Ríos, Roberto Coronado-Zarco, Antonio Miranda-Duarte, Eva Cruz-Medina, Aurelia Arellano-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Fear-avoidance beliefs are related to the prognosis of chronicity in low back pain in subacute stages, however in chronic pain, is no clear the influence of these factors; it has been suggested that the study population can determine the magnitude of influence on disability and pain of those suffering from back pain. Currently, information does not exist in the Mexican population. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between fear-avoidance beliefs with pain and disability in Mexicans with chronic low back pain; analyze potentials differences between subgroups according to the time of evolution...
October 28, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826215/pain-related-fear-and-functional-recovery-in-sciatica-results-from-a-2-year-observational-study
#17
A J Haugen, L Grøvle, J I Brox, B Natvig, M Grotle
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between pain-related fear, pain disability, and self-perceived recovery among patients with sciatica and disk herniation followed up for 2 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pain-related fear was measured by the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK) and the Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire-Physical Activity (FABQ-PA) subscale. Disability was measured by the Maine-Seattle Back Questionnaire. At 2 years, patients reported their sciatica/back problem on a global change scale ranging from completely gone to much worse...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819193/unique-contributions-of-body-diagram-scores-and-psychosocial-factors-to-pain-intensity-and-disability-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain
#18
Daniel I Rhon, Trevor A Lentz, Steven Z George
Study Design Retrospective cross-sectional cohort of military patients with musculoskeletal pain. Background Body diagrams are used to document symptoms and can also serve as a proxy to assess psychological influence. However, literature to support this is conflicting. Objectives To (1) examine the unique contribution of pain and nonpain symptom distribution to magnitude of self-reported pain intensity and disability, and (2) assess the moderating influence of psychological factors and body diagram score on concurrent pain intensity and disability...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779639/long-term-effectiveness-of-an-educational-and-physical-intervention-for-preventing-low-back-pain-recurrence-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Emmanuelle Chaléat-Valayer, Angélique Denis, Kariman Abelin-Genevois, Amélie Zelmar, Fabienne Siani-Trebern, Sandrine Touzet, Alain Bergeret, Cyrille Colin, Jean-Baptiste Fassier
OBJECTIVE: Low-back pain (LBP) is a common and recurrent condition, but the evidence is scarce about effective strategies to prevent recurrence and disability in the longer term. This study investigated the effect of a light exercise program, initiated in the workplace and continued at home, in reducing recurrence of LBP episodes among healthcare workers. METHODS: A total of 353 healthcare workers from ten hospitals were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) and were randomized to the intervention or control groups, the latter of which received usual care...
June 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693421/feasibility-of-a-smartphone-based-exercise-program-for-office-workers-with-neck-pain-an-individualized-approach-using-a-self-classification-algorithm
#20
Minyoung Lee, Sang Heon Lee, TaeYeong Kim, Hyun-Joon Yoo, Sung Hoon Kim, Dong-Won Suh, Jaebum Son, BumChul Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of a newly developed smartphone-based exercise program with an embedded self-classification algorithm for office workers with neck pain, by examining its effect on the pain intensity, functional disability, quality of life, fear avoidance, and cervical range of motion (ROM). DESIGN: Single-group, repeated-measures design. SETTING: The laboratory and participants' home and work environments. PARTICIPANTS: Offices workers with neck pain (N=23; mean age ± SD, 28...
January 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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