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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339948/effects-of-dietary-coarsely-ground-corn-and-3-bedding-floor-types-on-broiler-live-performance-litter-characteristics-gizzard-and-proventriculus-weight-and-nutrient-digestibility
#1
Y Xu, Y M Lin, C R Stark, P R Ferket, C M Williams, J Brake
The effects of zero or 50% dietary coarsely ground corn (CC) in pelleted and screened grower and finisher diets on broilers reared on 3 bedding floor types (plastic net [NET], new pine wood shavings litter [NEW], or old pine wood shavings litter [OLD]) on broiler live performance, litter characteristics, gizzard and proventriculus weight, and apparent ileal digestibility (AID) were studied in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Fine corn was produced with a hammermill (271 μm) and CC with a roller mill (1145 μm)...
March 2, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339716/prevalence-antimicrobial-resistance-and-genetic-diversity-of-campylobacter-coli-and-campylobacter-jejuni-in-ecuadorian-broilers-at-slaughter-age
#2
Christian Vinueza-Burgos, Magali Wautier, Delphine Martiny, Marco Cisneros, Inge Van Damme, Lieven De Zutter
Thermotolerant Campylobacter spp. are a major cause of foodborne gastrointestinal infections worldwide. The linkage of human campylobacteriosis and poultry has been widely described. In this study we aimed to investigate the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance and genetic diversity of C. coli and C. jejuni in broilers from Ecuador. Caecal content from 379 randomly selected broiler batches originating from 115 farms were collected from 6 slaughterhouses located in the province of Pichincha during 1 year. Microbiological isolation was performed by direct plating on mCCDA agar...
February 21, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339598/high-postdischarge-morbidity-in-ugandan-children-with-severe-malarial-anemia-or-cerebral-malaria
#3
Robert O Opoka, Karen E S Hamre, Nathan Brand, Paul Bangirana, Richard Idro, Chandy C John
Summary: Postdischarge readmission and outpatient illnesses are frequent in children with severe malarial anemia or cerebral malaria. Trials of postdischarge malaria prophylaxis in children with severe malaria should be considered. Background: Cerebral malaria (CM) and severe malarial anemia (SMA) account for a substantial proportion of malaria-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. However, postdischarge morbidity in children with CM or SMA has not been well established...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339066/microrna%C3%A2-499-rs3746444-a-g-polymorphism-functions-as-a-biomarker-to-predict-recurrence-following-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-in-primary-early-gastric-cancer
#4
Huiyong Shi, Xiangshan Yang, Yanan Zhen, Shoujun Huo, Ruixue Xiao, Zhongfa Xu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the molecular mechanism, including the potential regulatory and signaling pathways, of platelet‑derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRB), which underlies the recurrence of early gastric cancer (EGC) following endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Online microRNA (miRNA) target prediction tools were used, which identified PDGFRB as the candidate target gene of miR‑499a in gastric cancer cells, and PFGRBR was then confirmed as the direct gene using a luciferase reporter assay system...
March 23, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338970/woody-plant-ecosystems-under-climate-change-and-air-pollution-response-consistencies-across-zonobiomes
#5
R Matyssek, A R Kozovits, G Wieser, J King, H Rennenberg
Forests store the largest terrestrial pools of carbon (C), helping to stabilize the global climate system, yet are threatened by climate change (CC) and associated air pollution (AP, highlighting ozone (O3) and nitrogen oxides (NOx)). We adopt the perspective that CC-AP drivers and physiological impacts are universal, resulting in consistent stress responses of forest ecosystems across zonobiomes. Evidence supporting this viewpoint is presented from the literature on ecosystem gross/net primary productivity and water cycling...
March 14, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338576/genetic-polymorphism-of-nucks1-is-associated-with-the-susceptibility-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#6
Leilei Xu, Chao Xia, Weixiang Sun, Xiaodong Qin, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: A genetic association study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether NUCKS1 is a susceptible gene of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in Chinese population and to further narrate its association with the clinical phenotypes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: AIS is characterized by late onset of menarche and disturbed growth rhythm. Previous studies showed that NUCKS1 is associated with age at menarche and pubertal height growth. METHODS: SNP rs951366 of NUCKS1 was genotyped in 972 patients and 1454 healthy controls...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338332/benchmark-ab-initio-characterization-of-the-complex-potential-energy-surface-of-the-f-ch3ch2cl-reaction
#7
Viktor Tajti, Gabor Czako
We compute benchmark structures, frequencies, and relative energies for the stationary points of the potential energy surface of the F- + CH3CH2Cl reaction using explicitly-correlated ab initio levels of theory. CCSD(T)-F12b geometries and harmonic vibrational frequencies are obtained with the aug-cc-pVTZ and aug-cc-pVDZ basis sets, respectively. The benchmark relative energies are determined using a high-level composite method based on CCSD(T)-F12b/aug-cc-pVQZ frozen-core energies, CCSD(T)-F12b/cc-pCVTZ-F12 core electron correlation effects, and CCSD(T)-F12b/aug-cc-pVDZ zero-point energy corrections...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338112/pnpla3-and-rnf7-gene-variants-are-associated-with-the-risk-of-developing-liver-fibrosis-and-cirrhosis-in-an-eastern-european-population
#8
Juozas Kupcinskas, Irena Valantiene, Greta Varkalaitė, Ruta Steponaitiene, Jurgita Skieceviciene, Jolanta Sumskiene, Vitalija Petrenkiene, Jurate Kondrackiene, Gediminas Kiudelis, Frank Lammert, Limas Kupcinskas
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Genome-wide association studies have revealed an association between the risk of developing liver fibrosis or cirrhosis and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the PNPLA3, RNF7, MERTK and PCSK7 genes. We aimed to validate these results in an Eastern European population. METHODS: We evaluated the associations between the PNPLA3 (rs738409), RNF7 (rs16851720), MERTK (rs4374383) and PCSK7 (rs236918) variants and liver fibrosis and cirrhosis in a series of consecutive patients recruited at the Department of Gastroenterology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital, during the period 2012-2015...
March 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337937/evaluation-of-methanogenic-microbial-electrolysis-cells-mecs-under-closed-open-circuit-operations
#9
Liwen Luo, Suyun Xu, Yueqing Jin, Runqi Han, Hongbo Liu, Fan Lü
This study investigated the independent roles of biofilm and external power supply for volatile fatty acids (VFAs) degradation and methane production in the microbial electrolysis cell (MEC). Reactors were operated in fed-batch mode in the presence of graphite felt(GF) or titanium-rod (Ti) as electrodes, in open circuit (OC, without applied voltage) or closed circuit (CC) conditions, i.e. R1 (Ti+CC), R2 (GF+CC) and R3 (GF+OC). The first-order kinetic analysis of acetate degradation indicated that the presence of GF biofilm and applied voltage in R2 improved the acetate degradation rate by 23% as compared to R1, while it was only 7% increment in R3 with GF biofilm...
March 24, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337905/simultaneous-detection-of-dihydroxybenzene-isomers-with-zno-nanorod-carbon-cloth-electrodes
#10
Shangjun Meng, Ying Hong, Ziyang Dai, Wei Huang, Xiao-Chen Dong
Herein, ZnO nanorods with average diameters of 50 nm were uniformly anchored on the surface of carbon cloth directly by a simply hydrothermal method. The nanorods growing in situ along the specific direction of (002) have single crystalline features and a columnar structure. Based on the ZnO nanorod/carbon cloth composite, free-standing electrodes were fabricated for the simultaneous determination of dihydroxybenzene isomers. The ZnO nanorod/carbon cloth electrodes exhibited excellent electrochemical stability, high sensitivity and selectivity...
March 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337851/low-prevalence-of-knee-chondrocalcinosis-and-its-catabolic-association-by-use-of-serum-matrix-metalloproteinase-3-a-rural-japanese-population-study
#11
Daisuke Chiba, Eiichi Tsuda, Eiji Sasaki, Ippei Takahashi, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Yasuyuki Ishibashi
AIM: This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence of radiographic knee chondrocalcinosis (CC) and to clarify whether CC is correlated with self-reported knee symptoms and a serum catabolic biomarker. METHODS: A total of 1278 volunteers participated. Plain radiographs of both knees were obtained. Identification of a linear calcification in the knee joint space was defined as CC. Patients with a Kellgren-Lawrence grade of 2 or more were considered to have knee osteoarthritis (OA)...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337312/pri-mir-34b-c-rs4938723-polymorphism-is-associated-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risk-a-case-control-study-in-a-chinese-population
#12
Chun-Jia Liu, Xue-Wei Ma, Xue-Jun Zhang, Shi-Qiang Shen
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. miR-34 induces changes of its downstream genes, and plays a key role in altering the apoptotic cycle and pathways of downstream cells, and finally influences the development of cancer. We assessed the relationship of the pri-miR-34b/c rs4938723 polymorphism with hepatocellular carcinoma risk in a Chinese population. During the period of January 2014 and December 2015, a total of 164 HCC patients and 305 healthy controls were recruited from the Inner Mongolia People's Hospital...
2017: International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337186/genotypes-associated-with-listeria-monocytogenes-isolates-displaying-impaired-or-enhanced-tolerances-to-cold-salt-acid-or-desiccation-stress
#13
Patricia Hingston, Jessica Chen, Bhavjinder K Dhillon, Chad Laing, Claire Bertelli, Victor Gannon, Taurai Tasara, Kevin Allen, Fiona S L Brinkman, Lisbeth Truelstrup Hansen, Siyun Wang
The human pathogen Listeria monocytogenes is a large concern in the food industry where its continuous detection in food products has caused a string of recalls in North America and Europe. Most recognized for its ability to grow in foods during refrigerated storage, L. monocytogenes can also tolerate several other food-related stresses with some strains possessing higher levels of tolerances than others. The objective of this study was to use a combination of phenotypic analyses and whole genome sequencing to elucidate potential relationships between L...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336813/the-innate-immune-response-in-fetal-lung-mesenchymal-cells-targets-vegfr2-expression-and-activity
#14
Rachel M Medal, Amanda M Im, Yasutoshi Yamamoto, Omar Lakhdari, Timothy S Blackwell, Hal M Hoffman, Debashis Sahoo, Lawrence S Prince
In preterm infants, soluble inflammatory mediators target lung mesenchymal cells, disrupting airway and alveolar morphogenesis. However, how mesenchymal cells respond directly to microbial stimuli remains poorly characterized. Our objective was to measure the genome-wide innate immune response in fetal lung mesenchymal cells exposed to the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Using Affymetrix MoGene 1.0st arrays, we showed that LPS induced expression of unique innate immune transcripts heavily weighted toward CC and CXC family chemokines...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336606/draft-genome-sequence-of-chromobacterium-aquaticum-cc-seya-1-a-nonpigmented-member-of-the-genus-chromobacterium
#15
Scott D Soby
Chromobacterium aquaticum CC-SEYA-1(T), isolated from a spring in Taiwan, shares many characteristics with other members of the genus but also contains auxin biosynthesis genes and does not produce the pigment violacein. Chromobacterium sp. 49, isolated from Brazil, is identified here as C. aquaticum, indicating that this is a cosmopolitan species.
March 23, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336497/intrinsic-disruption-of-white-matter-microarchitecture-in-first-episode-drug-naive-major-depressive-disorder-a-voxel-based-meta-analysis-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#16
REVIEW
Guangxiang Chen, Yi Guo, Hongyan Zhu, Weihong Kuang, Feng Bi, Hua Ai, Zhongwei Gu, Xiaoqi Huang, Su Lui, Qiyong Gong
Previous studies have demonstrated the influences of episodes and antidepressant drugs on white matter (WM) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, most diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies included highly heterogeneous individuals with different numbers of depressive episodes or medication status. To exclude the confounding effects of multiple episodes or medication, we conducted a quantitative voxel-based meta-analysis of fractional anisotropy (FA) in patients with first-episode, drug-naive MDD to identify the intrinsic WM alterations involved in the pathogenesis of MDD...
March 20, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336308/robotic-intracorporeal-continent-cutaneous-diversion
#17
Mihir M Desai, Giuseppe Simone, Andre Luis de Castro Abreu, Sameer Chopra, Mariaconsiglia Ferriero, Salvatore Guaglianone, Francesco Minisola, Daniel Park, Rene Sotelo, Michele Gallucci, Inderbir S Gill, Monish Aron
PURPOSE: Robotic intra-corporeal urinary diversion has mostly been utilized for ileal conduit or orthotopic neobladder diversion. Herein, we present the initial series, detailed technique and outcomes of robotic intra-corporeal Indiana pouch, with minimum 1-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients underwent robotic radical cystectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy and intra-corporeal Indiana pouch urinary diversion for cancer (n=9) or benign disease (n=1). Data were collected prospectively...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336288/incidental-malignancies-identified-during-staging-for-prostate-cancer-with-68-ga-psma-hbed-cc-pet-imaging
#18
Andre Joshi, Cheryl Nicholson, Handoo Rhee, Sonja Gustafson, Ken Miles, Ian Vela
The rapid uptake of 68Ga Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) HBED-CC PET imaging for prostate cancer staging has led to concerns regarding its specificity, with uptake in both malignant and non-malignant tissues. We describe three separate malignancies identified on 68Ga PSMA HBED-CC PET imaging. The misnomer of "prostate specific membrane antigen" is demonstrated by this case and highlights the importance of continued investigation of the potential role for 68Ga PSMA HBED-CC PET in other malignancies...
March 20, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335783/svr-rates-of-hcv-infected-population-under-peg-ifn-%C3%AE-r-treatment-in-northwest-china
#19
Yanhua Li, Jiuping Wang, Juan Wang, Yunfeng Xiao, Bin Xu, Hongwei Li, Liu Yang, Xiaoke Hao, Yueyun Ma
BACKGROUND: Chronic HCV Patients taking PEG-IFN-α/R from different ethnic groups have different probabilities of reaching a sustained viral response (SVR). There are many influence factors, such as HCV genotype, IL-28B single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), Fibrosis 4 index (FIB-4), and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) score. But the baseline factors in relation to treatment outcome was still not much clear. METHODS: We evaluated data from 231 chronic HCV patients with or without liver fibrosis and their antiviral efficacy after treatment with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PEG-IFN-α/R) for 24-48 weeks...
March 23, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335751/exploring-community-participation-in-project-design-application-of-the-community-conversation-approach-to-improve-maternal-and-newborn-health-in-zambia
#20
Wilbroad Mutale, Chisala Masoso, Bisalom Mwanza, Cindy Chirwa, Lasidah Mwaba, Zumbe Siwale, Barbara Lamisa, Dennis Musatwe, Roma Chilengi
BACKGROUND: The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has adopted an approach entitled Community Conversation (CC) to improve community engagement in addressing health challenges. CCs are based on Paulo Freire's transformative communication approach, in which communities pose problems and critically examine their everyday life experiences through discussion. We adopted this approach to engage communities in maternal and newborn health discussions in three rural districts of Zambia, with the aim of developing community-generated interventions...
March 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
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