Read by QxMD icon Read


Emily K Compton, Karen Gildemeyer, Tina M Mason, Susan R Hartranft, Steven K Sutton
BACKGROUND: Duffy's Quality-Caring Model guides nursing practice at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute in Tampa, FL. No published studies using this model in oncology were found. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to determine patients' perceptions of nurse caring behaviors at the time of discharge after surgery. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used. Data were collected using Duffy's Caring Assessment Tool (CAT)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Suzanne C Wilkens, Jonathan Lans, Claudia A Bargon, David Ring, Neal C Chen
BACKGROUND: Prior research documents that greater psychologic distress (anxiety/depression) and less effective coping strategies (catastrophic thinking, kinesophobia) are associated with greater pain intensity and greater limitations. Recognition and acknowledgment of verbal and nonverbal indicators of psychologic factors might raise opportunities for improved psychologic health. There is evidence that specific patient words and phrases indicate greater catastrophic thinking. This study tested proposed nonverbal indicators (such as flexion of the wrist during attempted finger flexion or extension of uninjured fingers as the stiff and painful finger is flexed) for their association with catastrophic thinking...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Heidi Tegner, Pernille Frederiksen, Bente Appel Esbensen, Carsten Juhl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Neurophysiological Pain-Education (NPE) for patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP). METHODS: A systematic search was performed in six electronic databases. Eligible RCTs were those with at least 50 % of patients with CLBP and in which NPE was compared with no intervention or usual care. Methodological quality was assessed independently by two of the authors using the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool. The effect of NPE was summarized in a random effect meta-analysis for pain, disability and behavioral attitudes...
February 19, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Zafer Gunendi, Dilek Eker, Duygu Tecer, Belgin Karaoglan
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that causes weakening of the bones which increases the risk of fractures. Especially hip fractures lead to substantial physical, psychological, social and economic burden both for the patients and the governments. Excercises and physically active life style are essential preventive and therapeutic approaches for osteoporosis. Kinesiophobia is an irrational fear of movement due to the belief of susceptibility to injury. It is associated with lower levels of physical activity...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Maicom Lima, Arthur Sá Ferreira, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Vanessa Paes, Ney Meziat-Filho
There is evidence that patients with low back pain favor their trunk muscles when moving. However, it is unknown whether this maladaptive behavior is generalized across different functional tasks. This study analyzed the back muscle activity of patients with chronic low back pain compared to asymptomatic controls during five functional tasks. The secondary aim of this study was to test whether the electromyographic activity of patients' back muscles was correlated with either the TAMPA scale score or the Örebro Questionnaire...
January 29, 2018: Gait & Posture
Stuart Goudie, Diane Dixon, Gail McMillan, David Ring, Margaret McQueen
BACKGROUND: Symptom intensity and magnitude of limitations correlate with stress, distress, and less effective coping strategies. It is unclear if interventions to target these factors can be used to improve outcomes after distal radius fracture in either the short- or longer term. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Are there any factors (including the use of a workbook aimed at optimizing psychological response to injury, demographic, radiographic, medical, or psychosocial) associated with improved Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Numerical Rating Scale pain (NRS pain) scores at 6 weeks after management of distal radius fracture? (2) Are any of these factors associated with improved DASH and NRS pain scores at 6 months after management of distal radius fracture? METHODS: We conducted a double-blind randomized controlled trial comparing a workbook designed to optimize rehabilitation by improving psychological response to injury using recognized psychological techniques (the LEARN technique and goal setting) versus a workbook containing details of stretching exercises in the otherwise routine management of distal radius fracture...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Paolo Pillastrini, Federico Banchelli, Andrew Guccione, Emanuele Di Ciaccio, Francesco Saverio Violante, Monia Brugnettini, Carla Vanti
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of Global Postural Reeducation (GPR) with Manual Therapy (MT) in participants with chronic nonspecific neck pain (NP). METHODS: Pre- and post-treatment analysis of cross-over data from an RCT was done. Seventy-eight subjects with chronic nonspecific NP aged 18 to 80 years completed the trial. The group who had received GPR crossed-over to MT and the previous MT group received GPR for 9 sessions once or twice a week. Measures were assessed at pre-treatment and post-treatment...
February 1, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Melita J Giummarra, Sara L Casey, Anna Devlin, Liane J Ioannou, Stephen J Gibson, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Paul A Jennings, Peter A Cameron, Jennie Ponsford
Introduction: Chronic pain is common after traumatic injury and frequently co-occurs with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS). Objectives: This study sought to understand the association between probable PTSD, PTSS, and pain. Methods: Four hundred thirty-three participants were recruited from the Victorian Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Registry and Victorian State Trauma Registry and completed outcome measures. Participants were predominantly male (n = 324, 74...
September 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
Michael Lukas Meier, Philipp Stämpfli, Barry Kim Humphreys, Andrea Vrana, Erich Seifritz, Petra Schweinhardt
Introduction: Pain-related fear plays a substantial role in chronic low back pain (LBP) by amplifying the experienced disability. Related dysfunctional emotions and cognitions may also affect sensory aspects of pain through a modulatory pathway in which the periaqueductal gray (PAG) and the amygdala play key roles. Objectives: We therefore hypothesized a differential amygdala-PAG functional connectivity (FC) in patients with chronic LBP that is modulated by the degree of pain-related fear...
May 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
Emanuel Brunner, Wim Dankaerts, André Meichtry, Kieran O'Sullivan, Michel Probst
Background: In the management of chronic low back pain (LBP), identifying and dealing with more patients who are at high risk and who have psychological barriers to recovery is important yet difficult. Objectives: The objective of this study was to test physical therapists' ability to allocate patients into risk stratification groups, test correlations between therapists' assessments of psychological factors and patient questionnaires, and explore relationships between psychological factors and therapists' self-reported competence to manage patients with chronic LBP...
January 29, 2018: Physical Therapy
Anna Meyfour, Sara Pahlavan, Hamid Sobhanian, Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
This report describes the 17th Chromosome-Centric Human Proteome Project which was held in Tehran, Iran, April 27-28, 2017. A brief summary of the symposium's talks including new technical and computational approaches for the identification of novel proteins from non-coding genomic regions, physicochemical and biological causes of missing proteins, and the close interactions between C- and B/D-HPP are presented. A synopsis of decisions made on the prospective programs to maintain collaborative works, share resources and information, and establishment of a newly organized working group, the Task Force for Missing Protein Analysis (TAMPA) are discussed...
January 31, 2018: Proteomics
Paul A Barratt, James Selfe
OBJECTIVES: To improve outcomes of physiotherapy treatment for patients with Lateral Epicondylalgia. DESIGN: A systematic audit and quality improvement project over three phases, each of one year duration. SETTING: Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust Teaching Hospital Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy out-patients department. PARTICIPANTS: n=182. INTERVENTIONS: Phase one - individual discretion; Phase two - strengthening as a core treatment however individual discretion regarding prescription and implementation; Phase three - standardised protocol using high load isometric exercise, progressing on to slow combined concentric & eccentric strengthening...
September 22, 2017: Physiotherapy
Ion G Motofei, David L Rowland, Daniela L Baconi, Mircea Tampa, Maria-Isabela Sârbu, Stana Păunică, Vlad D Constantin, Cristian Bălălău, Ioana Păunică, Simona Roxana Georgescu
Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a benign condition with variable psychosocial impact, with some individuals adapting well while others needing therapeutic support. Although 5α-reductase inhibitors like finasteride and dutasteride have proven effective in ameliorating AGA, their use/selection is currently a subject of debate. Areas covered: Treatment of AGA with 5α-reductase inhibitors lead to variable adverse effects and relatively unstable results (therapeutic efficacy ending with treatment cessation), so the choice of optimal therapy is not straightforward...
January 24, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
H B Vaegter, A B Madsen, G Handberg, T Graven-Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical pain intensity, exercise performance, pain sensitivity and the effect of aerobic and isometric exercise on local and remote pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain with high and low levels of kinesiophobia. DESIGN: An experimental pre-post within-subject study. SETTING: An exercise laboratory in a multidisciplinary pain clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
October 28, 2017: Physiotherapy
Warish Ahmed, Aldo Lobos, Jacob Senkbeil, Jayme Peraud, Javier Gallard, Valerie J Harwood
CrAssphage are recently-discovered DNA bacteriophages that are prevalent and abundant in human feces and sewage. We assessed the performance characteristics of a crAssphage quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay for quantifying sewage impacts in stormwater and surface water in subtropical Tampa, Florida. The mean concentrations of crAssphage in untreated sewage ranged from 9.08 to 9.98 log10 gene copies/L. Specificity was 0.927 against 83 non-human fecal reference samples and the sensitivity was 1.0. Cross-reactivity was observed in DNA extracted from soiled poultry litter but the concentrations were substantially lower than untreated sewage...
December 24, 2017: Water Research
Simona-Roxana Georgescu, Maria-Isabela Sârbu, Clara Matei, Mihaela Adriana Ilie, Constantin Caruntu, Carolina Constantin, Monica Neagu, Mircea Tampa
Capsaicin is the main pungent in chili peppers, one of the most commonly used spices in the world; its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties have been proven in various cultures for centuries. It is a lipophilic substance belonging to the class of vanilloids and an agonist of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 receptor. Taking into consideration the complex neuro-immune impact of capsaicin and the potential link between inflammation and carcinogenesis, the effect of capsaicin on muco-cutaneous cancer has aroused a growing interest...
December 16, 2017: Nutrients
Libai Cai, Huanhuan Gao, Huiping Xu, Yanyan Wang, Peihua Lyu, Yanjin Liu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program on kinesiophobia, knee function, pain and pain catastrophizing in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: This was a parallel-group, randomized, controlled pilot study in which 100 patients who exhibited kinesiophobia after TKA were randomly assigned to participate in a CBT (experimental group) or standard care (control group) program. Each group included 50 patients...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Rahmat Adnan, Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Barbara Cagnie, Evy Dhondt, Stijn Schouppe, Jens Van Akeleyen, Tine Logghe, Lieven Danneels
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors predictive of outcomes in a multifaceted rehabilitation program for acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 565 LBP patients (153 acute and 412 chronic) who participated in a multimodal treatment program at an outpatient clinic in Belgium between 2007 and 2010. The predictive value of several factors, including age, sex, body mass index, fat percentage, Oswestry Disability Index score, Beck Depression Index score, Numeric Pain Rating Scale score for back and leg pain intensity, and Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia score on favorable treatment outcomes was examined using logistic regression analysis...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Rachel Karlnoski, Elia Charbel Abboud, Peggy Thompson, Asa Z Oxner, John T Sinnott, Jorge E Marcet
OBJECTIVE: To assess a novel silver-plated dressing (SD) for central venous catheters in comparison to chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated sponge (CHGIS) dressings in preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tampa General Hospital, an academic medical tertiary care center. PATIENTS: All adult ICU patients of an academic medical tertiary care center from January 2009 to December 2010...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"