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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290378/kinesiophobia-is-associated-with-pain-intensity-but-not-pain-sensitivity-before-and-after-exercise-an-explorative-analysis
#2
H B Vaegter, A B Madsen, G Handberg, T Graven-Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical pain intensity, exercise performance, pain sensitivity and the effect of aerobic and isometric exercise on local and remote pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain with high and low levels of kinesiophobia. DESIGN: An experimental pre-post within-subject study. SETTING: An exercise laboratory in a multidisciplinary pain clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-four patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
October 28, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281808/evaluation-of-the-novel-crassphage-marker-for-sewage-pollution-tracking-in-storm-drain-outfalls-in-tampa-florida
#3
Warish Ahmed, Aldo Lobos, Jacob Senkbeil, Jayme Peraud, Javier Gallard, Valerie J Harwood
CrAssphage are recently-discovered DNA bacteriophages that are prevalent and abundant in human feces and sewage. We assessed the performance characteristics of a crAssphage quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay for quantifying sewage impacts in stormwater and surface water in subtropical Tampa, Florida. The mean concentrations of crAssphage in untreated sewage ranged from 9.08 to 9.98 log10 gene copies/L. Specificity was 0.927 against 83 non-human fecal reference samples and the sensitivity was 1.0. Cross-reactivity was observed in DNA extracted from soiled poultry litter but the concentrations were substantially lower than untreated sewage...
December 24, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258175/capsaicin-friend-or-foe-in-skin-cancer-and-other-related-malignancies
#4
REVIEW
Simona-Roxana Georgescu, Maria-Isabela Sârbu, Clara Matei, Mihaela Adriana Ilie, Constantin Caruntu, Carolina Constantin, Monica Neagu, Mircea Tampa
Capsaicin is the main pungent in chili peppers, one of the most commonly used spices in the world; its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties have been proven in various cultures for centuries. It is a lipophilic substance belonging to the class of vanilloids and an agonist of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 receptor. Taking into consideration the complex neuro-immune impact of capsaicin and the potential link between inflammation and carcinogenesis, the effect of capsaicin on muco-cutaneous cancer has aroused a growing interest...
December 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239772/does-a-program-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-affect-kinesiophobia-in-patients-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial-with-a-6-month-follow-up
#5
Libai Cai, Huanhuan Gao, Huiping Xu, Yanyan Wang, Peihua Lyu, Yanjin Liu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program on kinesiophobia, knee function, pain and pain catastrophizing in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: This was a parallel-group, randomized, controlled pilot study in which 100 patients who exhibited kinesiophobia after TKA were randomly assigned to participate in a CBT (experimental group) or standard care (control group) program. Each group included 50 patients...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229056/determining-predictive-outcome-factors-for-a-multimodal-treatment-program-in-low-back-pain-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Rahmat Adnan, Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Barbara Cagnie, Evy Dhondt, Stijn Schouppe, Jens Van Akeleyen, Tine Logghe, Lieven Danneels
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors predictive of outcomes in a multifaceted rehabilitation program for acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 565 LBP patients (153 acute and 412 chronic) who participated in a multimodal treatment program at an outpatient clinic in Belgium between 2007 and 2010. The predictive value of several factors, including age, sex, body mass index, fat percentage, Oswestry Disability Index score, Beck Depression Index score, Numeric Pain Rating Scale score for back and leg pain intensity, and Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia score on favorable treatment outcomes was examined using logistic regression analysis...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216782/reduction-in-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-correlated-with-the-introduction-of-a-novel-silver-plated-dressing-for-central-venous-catheters-and-maintained-for-6-years
#7
Rachel Karlnoski, Elia Charbel Abboud, Peggy Thompson, Asa Z Oxner, John T Sinnott, Jorge E Marcet
OBJECTIVE: To assess a novel silver-plated dressing (SD) for central venous catheters in comparison to chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated sponge (CHGIS) dressings in preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tampa General Hospital, an academic medical tertiary care center. PATIENTS: All adult ICU patients of an academic medical tertiary care center from January 2009 to December 2010...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211745/the-back-belief-questionnaire-is-efficient-to-assess-false-beliefs-and-related-fear-in-low-back-pain-populations-a-transcultural-adaptation-and-validation-study
#8
Arnaud Dupeyron, Charlotte Lanhers, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Matthias Toulotte, Claire Jourdan, Emmanuel Coudeyre
BACKGROUND: According to the fear avoidance model, beliefs and thoughts can modify the outcome of patient with low back pain. The Back Belief Questionnaire (BBQ)-a 14 items scale-assesses these consequences of low back pain. OBJECTIVE: To test the psychometric properties of the French version of the BBQ. METHODS: The BBQ was translated using the forward-backward translation process. Throughout three repeated evaluation time points (D1, D7 and D30), various aspects of validity were analysed: acceptability, quality of items, unidimentionality, internal consistency, temporal stability (between D1 and D7), responsiveness (between D7 and D30), and construct validity comparing it to other validated scales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205436/validation-of-the-pain-resilience-scale-in-chinese-speaking-patients-with-tmd-pain
#9
Songlin He, Jinhua Wang, Ping Ji
To validate of the Pain Resilience Scale (PRS) for use in Chinese patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) pain. According to international guidelines, the original PRS was first translated and cross-culturally adapted to formulate the Chinese version of PRS (PRS-C). A total of 152 patients with TMD pain were recruited to complete series of questionnaires. Reliability of the PRS-C was investigated using internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Validity of the PRS-C was calculated using cross-cultural validity and convergent validity...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195718/patient-caregiver-and-physician-perspectives-on-participating-in-a-thoracic-rapid-tissue-donation-program
#10
Gwendolyn Quinn, Rebecca D Pentz, Teresita Muñoz-Antonia, Theresa A Boyle, Matthew B Schabath, Christie Pratt, Andrea Shaffer, Luisa Duarte, Meghan Bowman-Curci, Scott Antonia, Alberto Chiappori, Benjamin Creelan, Jhanelle E Gray, Charles Williams, Eric Haura
OBJECTIVE: The collection of posthumous tissue from advanced stage lung cancer patients is beneficial to medical science. Recruiting living patients to a Rapid Tissue Donation Program (RTD) poses several psychosocial challenges and little is known about perceptions of joining this type of program. This study qualitatively examined perceptions of advanced stage lung cancer patients (n=14) participating in a lung cancer RTD program, their NoK (n=11), and physicians (n=6) at the Thoracic Oncology Clinic at H...
November 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171981/a-comparison-of-occupational-groups-using-different-working-postures-in-terms-of-their-low-back-and-neck-health-status
#11
Hatice Çetin, Sevil Bilgin, Jale Karakaya, Nezire Köse
OBJECTIVE: To compare how disability, fear of movement, psychosocial status and quality of life are affected in terms of low back-neck health status in three occupational groups using different work postures. METHOD: Three hundred thirty-nine individuals participated in this study from the following three different occupational groups: group A, where the individuals worked in a prolonged sitting position (secretaries), group B, where the individuals performed dynamic activities in a standing position (cleaning workers) and group C, where the individuals worked in a prolonged standing position (private security officers)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168976/biological-therapies-in-psoriasis-revisited
#12
Maria-Isabela Sârbu, Simona-Roxana Georgescu, Mircea Tampa, Alexandra-Elena Sârbu, Olga Simionescu
Psoriasis is a chronic, immune mediated disorder affecting approximately 2% of the population. Even in our days, patients with psoriasis are confronted with stigmatization and social rejection. As a result, their quality of life is significantly impaired. Biological therapies have revolutionized the treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis. The aim of this paper is to look over the most important biological therapies available for the management of plaque-type psoriasis.
November 27, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151302/relationship-between-kinesiophobia-and-pain-quality-of-life-functional-status-disease-activity-mobility-and-depression-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#13
Deran Oskay, Zeynep Tuna, İrem Düzgün, Bülent Elbasan, Yavuz Yakut, Abdurrahman Tufan
Background/aim: Our aim was to investigate the association of kinesiophobia with pain, quality of life, clinical measures, and depression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Materials and methods: Patients with AS (n: 163) were enrolled in the study. Kinesiophobia was evaluated with the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), pain with a visual analog scale (VAS), mobility with Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI), disease activity with the Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), functional status with the Bath AS Functional Index (BASFI), depression level with Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), and quality of life with the AS Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL)...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142031/activity-limitations-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-a-role-for-fear-of-movement-and-re-injury-beliefs
#14
Thijs W Swinnen, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Wim Dankaerts, Rene Westhovens, Kurt de Vlam
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fear of movement and (re)injury [FOM/(R)I] beliefs, measured with the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia 11-item version (TSK-11), influence activity limitations and mediate the relationship between pain severity and activity limitations in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: In 173 patients with axSpA, these data were collected: sex, body mass index, disease duration, medication, activity limitations (BASFI; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index), disease activity [Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI); BASDAIinf, items 5 and 6; BASDAIpain, items 2 and 3; C-reactive protein and physician's global assessment], spinal mobility (BASMI; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index), and FOM/(R)I (TSK-11)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138049/pain-neurophysiology-education-and-therapeutic-exercise-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Bodes Pardo Gema, Lluch Girbés Enrique, Roussel Nathalie A, Gallego Izquierdo Tomás, Jiménez Penick Virginia, Pecos Martín Daniel
AIM: To assess the effect of a pain neurophysiology education program plus therapeutic exercise for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Private clinic (Clínica Bonn) and Alcalá de Henares University, Madrid, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 56 patients with CLBP for 6 months or more. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to receive either a therapeutic exercise (TE) program consisting of motor control, stretching, and aerobic exercises (TE group, n=28) or the same therapeutic exercise program in addition to a pain neurophysiology education program (PNE+TE group, n=28), conducted in two 30 to 50 minute sessions in groups of 4 to 6 participants...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063827/subcutaneous-injection-of-adalimumab-trial-compared-with-control-sciatic-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-adalimumab-injection-compared-with-placebo-for-patients-receiving-physiotherapy-treatment-for-sciatica
#16
Nefyn H Williams, Alison Jenkins, Nia Goulden, Zoe Hoare, Dyfrig A Hughes, Eifiona Wood, Nadine E Foster, David A Walsh, Dawn Carnes, Valerie Sparkes, Elaine M Hay, John Isaacs, Kika Konstantinou, Dylan Morrissey, Jaro Karppinen, Stephane Genevay, Clare Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Biological treatments such as adalimumab (Humira®; AbbVie Ltd, Maidenhead, UK) are antibodies targeting tumour necrosis factor alpha, released from ruptured intervertebral discs, which might be useful in sciatica. Recent systematic reviews concluded that they might be effective, but that a definitive randomised controlled trial was needed. Usual care in the NHS typically includes a physiotherapy intervention. OBJECTIVES: To test whether or not injections of adalimumab plus physiotherapy are more clinically effective and cost-effective than injections of saline plus physiotherapy for patients with sciatica...
October 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061553/veterans-preferences-for-exchanging-information-using-veterans-affairs-health-information-technologies-focus-group-results-and-modeling-simulations
#17
Jolie N Haun, Margeaux Chavez, Kim Nazi, Nicole Antinori, Christine Melillo, Bridget A Cotner, Wendy Hathaway, Ashley Cook, Nancy Wilck, Abigail Noonan
BACKGROUND: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has multiple health information technology (HIT) resources for veterans to support their health care management. These include a patient portal, VetLink Kiosks, mobile apps, and telehealth services. The veteran patient population has a variety of needs and preferences that can inform current VA HIT redesign efforts to meet consumer needs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe veterans' experiences using the current VA HIT and identify their vision for the future of an integrated VA HIT system...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982828/associations-between-compensable-injury-perceived-fault-and-pain-and-disability-1-year-after-injury-a-registry-based-australian-cohort-study
#18
Melita J Giummarra, Katharine S Baker, Liane Ioannou, Stella M Gwini, Stephen J Gibson, Carolyn A Arnold, Jennie Ponsford, Peter Cameron
OBJECTIVES: Compensable injury increases the likelihood of having persistent pain after injury. Three-quarters of patients report chronic pain after traumatic injury, which is disabling for about one-third of patients. It is important to understand why these patients report disabling pain, in order to develop targeted preventative interventions. This study examined the experience of pain and disability, and investigated their sequential interrelationships with, catastrophising, kinesiophobia and self-efficacy 1 year after compensable and non-compensable injury...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970603/leadership-and-management-are-one-and-the-same
#19
Neelam Azad, H Glenn Anderson, Amie Brooks, Oscar Garza, Christine O'Neil, Misty M Stutz, Jenelle L Sobotka
Defining the attributes of change catalysts within high functioning organizations, including the academic enterprise, is desirable. An understanding of these attributes within our academy may foster faculty interest and engagement in seeking administrative roles and serve to bolster succession planning within our schools. On one hand, there have been numerous publications teasing out the purported differences between leadership and management. On the other hand, does segregating these important characteristics based upon arbitrary distinctions do more harm than good? This commentary represents the work of a group of academic leaders participating in the 2015-2016 AACP Academic Leadership Fellowship Program...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941959/translation-cross-adaptation-and-measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-acl-rsi-scale-and-acl-qol-questionnaire-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#20
Laryssa Oliveira Silva, Luana Maria Ramos Mendes, Pedro Olavo de Paula Lima, Gabriel Peixoto Leão Almeida
BACKGROUND: Scales to assess the quality of life and return-to-sport after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) may help the clinical decision-making process. OBJECTIVE: To cross-culturally adapt and determine the validity of the Brazilian versions of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Return to Sport after Injury (ACL-RSI) and the Quality of Life Questionnaire (ACL-QoL). METHODS: The process of translation and cross-cultural adaptation followed the recommendations of international guidelines...
September 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
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