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indian journal of public health

D Busingye, S Arabshahi, R G Evans, V K Srikanth, K Kartik, K Kalyanram, M A Riddell, X Zhu, O Suresh, A G Thrift
The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in a rural setting in India. Following screening of the population, all individuals with hypertension (blood pressure (BP) ⩾140/90 mm Hg or taking antihypertensive medications) were invited to participate in this study. We measured BP, height, weight, skinfolds, waist and hip circumference, and administered a questionnaire to obtain information regarding socioeconomic and behavioural characteristics...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Parloop Amit Bhatt, Zarana Patel
OBJECTIVE: Publications in Indian Journal of Pharmacology (IJP) are the face of contemporary pharmacology practices followed in health-care profession - a knowledge-based profession. It depicts trends in terms of quantity (proportions), quality, type (preclinical/clinical), thrust areas, etc., of pharmacology followed by biomedical community professions both nationally and internationally. This article aims to establish temporal trends in pharmacology research by pharmacy institutes in light of its publications to IJP from 2010 to 2015...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
S Hunma, H Ramuth, J L Miles-Chan, Y Schutz, J-P Montani, N Joonas, A G Dulloo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Global estimates of overweight and obesity prevalence are based on the World Health Organisation (WHO) body mass index (BMI) cut-off values of 25 and 30 kg m(-)(2), respectively. To validate these BMI cut-offs for adiposity in the island population of Mauritius, we assessed the relationship between BMI and measured body fat mass in this population according to gender and ethnicity. METHODS: In 175 young adult Mauritians (age 20-42 years) belonging to the two main ethnic groups-Indians (South Asian descent) and Creoles (African/Malagasy descent), body weight, height and waist circumference (WC) were measured, total body fat assessed by deuterium oxide (D2O) dilution and trunk (abdominal) fat by segmental bioimpedance analysis...
December 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Rooban Thavarajah
INTRODUCTION: Contribution of Indian Psychiatrists as publications in peer-reviewed journals listed with PubMed and their impact has not been studied. The aim of this manuscript is to assess such contribution using a new article level metric measure. The relative citation ratio (RCR) has been used to assess the quality, quantity, and impact of research output of Indian Psychiatrists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Publications by Indian psychiatrists in PubMed during 1995-2013 were collected, their RCR and associated factors estimated...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Sudhakar Vundavalli, Guntipalli M Naidu, A S K Bhargav, B H Praveen, B Pavani, Suresh Babburi
BACKGROUND: Biased results from poorly reported trials can mislead decision-making in health care at all levels, from treatment decisions for the individual patient to formulation of national public health policies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in ten Indian dental journals over the period 2011-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included all RCTs published as full-text articles reported in ten Indian dental journals over the period from 2011 to 2012...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Srichand Devarakonda
CONTEXT: Quality health care should be within everyone's reach, especially in a developing country. While India has the largest private health sector in the world, only one-fifth of healthcare expenditure is publically financed; it is mostly an out-of-pocket expense. About 70% of Indians live in rural areas making about $3 per day, and a major portion of that goes towards food and shelter and, thus, not towards health care. Transportation facilities in rural India are poor, making access to medical facilities difficult, and infrastructure facilities are minimal, making the available medical care insufficient...
January 2016: Rural and Remote Health
A D Jones, A K M Hayter, C P Baker, P Prabhakaran, V Gupta, B Kulkarni, G D Smith, Y Ben-Shlomo, K V R Krishna, P U Kumar, S Kinra
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent and sociodemographic determinants of anemia, overweight, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the co-occurrence of anemia with cardiometabolic disease risk factors among a cohort of Indian adults. SUBJECT/METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of adult men (n=3322) and nonpregnant women (n=2895) aged 18 years and older from the third wave of the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study that assessed anemia, overweight based on body mass index, and prevalence of MetS based on abdominal obesity, hypertension and blood lipid and fasting glucose measures...
March 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Pamela E Jeter, Jeremiah Slutsky, Nilkamal Singh, Sat Bir S Khalsa
OBJECTIVE: A comprehensive bibliometric analysis was conducted on publications for yoga therapy research in clinical populations. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched for articles in all languages published between 1967 and 2013. Databases included PubMed, PsychInfo, MEDLINE, IndMed, Indian Citation Index, Index Medicus for South-East Asia Region, Web of Knowledge, Embase, EBSCO, and Google Scholar. Nonindexed journals were searched manually. Key search words included yoga, yoga therapy, pranayama, asana...
October 2015: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Kanica Kaushal, Sanjay Kalra
BACKGROUND: Endocrine and metabolic diseases especially diabetes have become focus areas for public health professionals. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism (IJEM), a publication of Endocrine Society of India, is a peer-reviewed online journal, which covers technical and clinical studies related to health, ethical and social issues in field of diabetes, endocrinology and metabolism. This bibliometric analysis assesses the journal from a community health perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Every article published in IJEM over a period of 4 years (2011-2014) was accessed to review coverage of community health in the field of endocrinology...
May 2015: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Prasanna Saligram, Sunita Simon Kurpad, Thelma Narayan
The Fifth National Bioethics Conference (NBC) was co-hosted by St John's National Academy of Health Sciences (SJNAHS), Bangalore; Society for Community Health Research Awareness and Action (SOCHARA), Bangalore; and Forum for Medical Ethics Society (FMES), Mumbai, which publishes the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics (IJME). The conference was held at the St John's campus, Bangalore from December 11 to 13, 2014. The theme of the Fifth NBC was "Integrity in medical care, public health, and health research".
April 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
A N Khan, R K Khar
Globally, every country is the victim of substandard or spurious drugs, which result in life threatening issues, financial loss of consumer and manufacturer and loss in trust on health system. The aim of this enumerative review was to probe the extent on poor quality drugs with their consequences on public health and the preventive measures taken by the Indian pharmaceutical regulatory system. Government and non-government studies, literature and news were gathered from journals and authentic websites. All data from 2000 to 2013 were compiled and interpreted to reveal the real story of poor quality drugs in India...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sagar Chandra Bera, Mamta Sood, R K Chadda, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
BACKGROUND: General hospital psychiatric units (GHPUs) are one of the major service and training providers in the field of mental health in India. However, there has not been any systematic attempt at their contributions toward research. AIM: The present paper reports on contributions of the GHPUs toward the psychiatric research based on analysis of publications in the Indian Journal of Psychiatry (IJP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the issues of IJP of the last 25 years (1989-2013) were manually searched for original research papers, brief reports, and case reports...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Susmita Chandramouleeswaran, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell
Pet assisted therapy (PAT) is a form of complementary psychosocial intervention used in the field of mental health and disability. The form of therapy has the potential to augment the other forms of psychotherapies and pharmacotherapy. This article is an overview of history and clinical origins of PAT, classification and therapy models, scientific basis, the current use in specific disorders, preventive and diagnostic role as well as the potential risks among children and adolescents with mental health needs with a special focus on the Indian needs...
January 2014: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Anindya Das
India, among the low- and middle-income countries, in the 1980s, made an early attempt at formulating a mental health program. India's National Mental Health Program (NMHP) intended to attend to the mental health needs of all her citizens. Some aspects of this program bear significant resemblance to what recent experts in global mental health (GMH) have been proposing. The paper uses India as a country-level example to review and critically analyze the contextual background culminating in the formulation of the NMHP...
February 2014: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Ravinder Gabble, Jillian Clare Kohler
BACKGROUND: Glivec (imatinib mesylate), produced by the pharmaceutical company Novartis, is prescribed in the case of chronic myeloid leukemia, one of the most common blood cancers in eastern countries. After more than a decade of legal battles surrounding its patentability, the Supreme Court of India gave its final decision on April 1st of 2013, rejecting the appeal of the Swiss giant drug manufacturer. In 2006, the Indian Patent Office first refused Glivec's patent under Section 3(d) of the Indian Patent Act arguing that it was only a modified version of an existing drug, Imatinib, and therefore that the drug was not innovative...
2014: Globalization and Health
Jatin Shah, Akshay Pawaskar, Smit Kumar, Nilima Kshirsagar
BACKGROUND: Despite their importance, the number of outcomes research studies conducted in India are lesser than other countries. Information about the distribution of existing outcomes research resources and relevant expertise can benefit researchers and research groups interested in conducting outcomes research studies and policy makers interested in funding outcomes research studies in India. We have reviewed the literature to identify and map resources described in outcomes research studies conducted in India...
2013: SpringerPlus
Saurabh Gupta, Catriona Carmichael, Christina Simpson, Mike J Clarke, Claire Allen, Yang Gao, Emily Y Y Chan, Virginia Murray
BACKGROUND: Heatwaves are hot weather events, which breach regional or national thresholds, that last for several days. They are likely to occur with increasing frequency in some parts of the world. The potential consequences were illustrated in Europe in August 2003 when there were an estimated 30,000 excess deaths due to a heatwave. Electric fans might be used with the intention of reducing the adverse health effects of a heatwave. Fans do not cool the ambient air but can be used to draw in cooler air from outside when placed at an open window...
July 11, 2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rajiv Radhakrishnan, Chittaranjan Andrade
Research in psychiatry has travelled far since the inception of the Indian Journal of Psychiatry (IJP) in 1949. We reviewed publications in the IJP during its initial three decades to identify path breaking articles and trends in research. We present the evolution of research design in the IJP from cases studies to randomized controlled trials. We identify the earliest studies in different fields, ranging from drug trials to social interventions, and from women's mental health to geriatric psychiatry. We consider special issues such as the measurement of psychopathology specific to the Indian context, studies of treatments specific to Indian traditions, epidemiology of psychiatric disorders in India, and innovations in service delivery...
January 2010: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Pratima Murthy, N Manjunatha, B N Subodh, Prabhat Kumar Chand, Vivek Benegal
Substance use patterns are notorious for their ability to change over time. Both licit and illicit substance use cause serious public health problems and evidence for the same is now available in our country. National level prevalence has been calculated for many substances of abuse, but regional variations are quite evident. Rapid assessment surveys have facilitated the understanding of changing patterns of use. Substance use among women and children are increasing causes of concern. Preliminary neurobiological research has focused on identifying individuals at high risk for alcohol dependence...
January 2010: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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