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publi health

Aliya Khan, Michel Fortier
OBJECTIF: Offrir aux fournisseurs de soins de santé des lignes directrices quant à la prévention, au diagnostic et à la prise en charge clinique de l'ostéoporose postménopausique. ISSUES: Stratégies visant à identifier et à évaluer les femmes exposées à des risques élevés; utilisation de la densité minérale osseuse et des marqueurs du renouvellement des cellules osseuses pour l'évaluation du diagnostic et de la réaction à la prise en charge; et recommandations quant à la nutrition, à l'activité physique et au choix du traitement pharmacologique en vue de prévenir l'ostéoporose et d'en assurer la prise en charge...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Amanda Black, Edith Guilbert, Dustin Costescu, Sheila Dunn, William Fisher, Sari Kives, Melissa Mirosh, Wendy V Norman, Helen Pymar, Robert Reid, Geneviève Roy, Hannah Varto, Ashley Waddington, Marie-Soleil Wagner, Anne Marie Whelan
OBJECTIF: Fournir des lignes directrices aux fournisseurs de soins quant à l'utilisation de modes de contraception pour la prévention de la grossesse et quant à la promotion d'une sexualité saine. ISSUES: Orientation des praticiens canadiens en ce qui concerne l'efficacité globale, le mécanisme d'action, les indications, les contre-indications, les avantages n'étant pas liés à la contraception, les effets indésirables, les risques et le protocole de mise en œuvre des modes de contraception abordés; planification familiale dans le contexte de la santé sexuelle et du bien-être général; méthodes de counseling en matière de contraception; et accessibilité et disponibilité des modes de contraception abordés au Canada...
March 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Lincoln R Larson, Viniece Jennings, Scott A Cloutier
Sustainable development efforts in urban areas often focus on understanding and managing factors that influence all aspects of health and wellbeing. Research has shown that public parks and green space provide a variety of physical, psychological, and social benefits to urban residents, but few studies have examined the influence of parks on comprehensive measures of subjective wellbeing at the city level. Using 2014 data from 44 U.S. cities, we evaluated the relationship between urban park quantity, quality, and accessibility and aggregate self-reported scores on the Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing Index (WBI), which considers five different domains of wellbeing (e...
2016: PloS One
David I Dolling, Monica Desai, Alan McOwan, Richard Gilson, Amanda Clarke, Martin Fisher, Gabriel Schembri, Ann K Sullivan, Nicola Mackie, Iain Reeves, Mags Portman, John Saunders, Julie Fox, Jake Bayley, Michael Brady, Christine Bowman, Charles J Lacey, Stephen Taylor, David White, Simone Antonucci, Mitzy Gafos, Sheena McCormack, Owen N Gill, David T Dunn, Anthony Nardone
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has proven biological efficacy to reduce the sexual acquisition of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The PROUD study found that PrEP conferred higher protection than in placebo-controlled trials, reducing HIV incidence by 86 % in a population with seven-fold higher HIV incidence than expected. We present the baseline characteristics of the PROUD study population and place the findings in the context of national sexual health clinic data...
March 24, 2016: Trials
Maria Guadalupe Ruelas-González, María Beatriz Duarte-Gómez, Sergio Flores-Hernández, Doris Veronica Ortega-Altamirano, Jesus David Cortés-Gil, Arianna Taboada, Ana Lorena Ruano
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with violence and the abuse of older adults are understudied and its prevalence in Mexico has not been reported. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence and factors associated with violence and abuse of older adults in Mexico. METHODS: We used Mexico's 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, which included a sample of 8,894 individuals who are 60 years or older and who self-reported a negative health event related to robbery, aggression or violence in the previous 12 months...
February 27, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Kyung Won Lee, Mi Sook Cho, Dayeon Shin, Won O Song
Urinary iodine concentrations (UICs) in the US have been reported to be stable since 1988-1994, although those in selected subgroups remained low. We aimed to investigate iodine status among adults (≥20 years) by two different criteria of assessing iodine deficiency in population. Utilizing National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2001-2012, we conducted linear logistic regressions adjusting for covariates. The prevalence of <50 μg/L UIC was higher in women than in men; increased from 11.6% (2001-2004) to 13...
2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Mary Amuyunzu-Nyamongo, Isaac K Nyamongo
Prompt and appropriate health seeking is critical in the management of childhood illnesses. This paper examines the health seeking behaviour in under-five child morbidity. It explores in detail actions taken by 28 mothers when their children become sick. Sixty-two in-depth interviews with mothers were conducted from four study communities. The mothers were identified from a demographic surveillance system. The interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed and thematically analysed. The study shows that mothers classify childhood illnesses into four main categories: (1) not serious-coughs, colds, diarrhoea; (2) serious but not life-threatening-malaria; (3) sudden and serious-pneumonia; and (4) chronic and therefore not requiring immediate action-malnutrition, tuberculosis, chronic coughs...
April 2006: Anthropology & Medicine
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