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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820949/association-between-patient-factors-and-outcome-of-synthetic-cartilage-implant-hemiarthroplasty-vs-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-in-advanced-hallux-rigidus
#1
Andy Goldberg, Dishan Singh, Mark Glazebrook, Chris M Blundell, Gwyneth De Vries, Ian L D Le, Dominic Nielsen, M Elizabeth Pedersen, Anthony Sakellariou, Matthew Solan, Alastair S E Younger, Timothy R Daniels, Judith F Baumhauer
BACKGROUND: We evaluated data from a clinical trial of first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ1) implant hemiarthroplasty and arthrodesis to determine the association between patient factors and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients ≥18 years with hallux rigidus grade 2, 3, or 4 were treated with synthetic cartilage implant MTPJ1 hemiarthroplasty or arthrodesis. Pain visual analog scale (VAS), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) sports and activities of daily living (ADL) scores, and Short Form-36 Physical Function (SF-36 PF) subscore were obtained preoperatively, and at 2, 6, 12, 24, 52, and 104 weeks postoperatively...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820909/dose-of-physical-activity-physical-functioning-and-disability-risk-in-mobility-limited-older-adults-results-from-the-life-study-randomized-trial
#2
Roger A Fielding, Jack M Guralnik, Abby C King, Marco Pahor, Mary M McDermott, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Todd M Manini, Nancy W Glynn, Anthony P Marsh, Robert S Axtell, Fang-Chi Hsu, W Jack Rejeski
Understanding the minimal dose of physical activity required to achieve improvement in physical functioning and reductions in disability risk is necessary to inform public health recommendations. To examine the effect of physical activity dose on changes in physical functioning and the onset of major mobility disability in The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. We conducted a multicenter single masked randomized controlled trial that enrolled participants in 2010 and 2011 and followed them for an average of 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820516/caregiver-reported-health-outcomes-effects-of-providing-reflexology-for-symptom-management-to-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer
#3
Dawn Frambes, Alla Sikorskii, Irena Tesnjak, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, Barbara Given
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of delivering a reflexology intervention on health outcomes of informal caregivers, and to explore whether intervention effects are moderated by caregiver characteristics. 
. DESIGN: Two-group, randomized clinical trial.
. SETTING: Eight oncology clinics in urban and rural regions of Michigan and Illinois.
. SAMPLE: 180 informal caregivers of patients with advanced breast cancer...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819679/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-is-effective-in-strengthening-the-quadriceps-muscle-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Annette V Hauger, M P Reiman, J M Bjordal, C Sheets, L Ledbetter, A P Goode
PURPOSE: Reduced ability to contract the quadriceps muscles is often found immediately following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery. This can lead to muscle atrophy and decreased function. Application of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be a useful adjunct intervention to ameliorate these deficits following ACL surgery. The purpose of this review was to determine whether NMES in addition to standard physical therapy is superior to standard physical therapy alone in improving quadriceps strength or physical function following ACL surgery...
August 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819367/short-term-effectiveness-of-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-a-longitudinal-controlled-cohort-study
#5
Maria Ture, Felix Angst, André Aeschlimann, Christoph Renner, Ulrich Schnyder, Nic Zerkiebel, Josef Perseus, Jürgen Barth, Marius Bredell, Chantal Martin Soelch, Heinrich Walt, Josef Jenewein
Background: Inpatient rehabilitation for cancer patients has been demonstrated to improve patients' health related quality of life (HRQoL) effectively. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in general health and HRQoL of cancer patients who were referred to inpatient rehabilitation (IR) with those in two control groups who underwent outpatient management either with advice for inpatient rehabilitation (A(+)) or without (A(-)). Methods: In this naturalistic, longitudinal, controlled cohort study, changes in general health and HRQoL were assessed at either discharge of acute hospital or start of rehabilitation (baseline) and at the follow-up 3 weeks later or end of rehabilitation...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819157/a-preliminary-investigation-of-the-association-of-sleep-with-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-and-functional-outcomes-after-stroke-rehabilitation
#6
Ting-Ting Yeh, Yu-Wei Hsieh, Ching-Yi Wu, Jong-Shyan Wang, Keh-Chung Lin, Chia-Ling Chen
This study examined the association of sleep with inflammation and oxidative stress biomarkers, and with functional outcomes, after stroke rehabilitation. The rehabilitation effects on biomarkers and functional outcomes were also evaluated. Twenty subacute stroke survivors received 4 weeks of upper limb rehabilitation. Baseline inflammatory (i.e., soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, sICAM-1) and oxidative stress biomarkers (i.e., glutathione peroxidase, GPx and malondialdehyde, MDA) were assessed, as were sleep outcomes...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817966/attitudes-and-barriers-to-healthy-diet-and-physical-activity-a-latent-profile-analysis
#7
Christine A Vaughan, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Tamara Dubowitz
Healthy diet and physical activity (PA) prevent and reduce chronic disease. Social cognitive theory delineates multiple attitudes and barriers that influence these behaviors. Understanding covariation in these attitudes and barriers is complex. We examined whether individuals could be grouped into a small number of categories that are easier to study. Interviews were conducted with 982 adults from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in the same city. Social cognitive constructs, including self-efficacy, social norms, and internal and external barriers to diet and exercise, and walking were self-reported...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817959/a-health-behavior-prediction-model-for-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Jiyoung Kim, Oksoo Kim
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships among functional status, hostility, social support, illness perceptions, and health behaviors in patients with coronary artery disease using structural equation modeling. Participants comprised 215 patients with coronary artery disease who had received percutaneous coronary artery intervention or a coronary artery bypass graft in two general hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Using structured interviews with questionnaires, data accrued from July to August, 2015...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817764/limited-functioning-after-remission-of-an-anxiety-disorder-as-a-trait-effect-versus-a-scar-effect-results-of-a-longitudinal-general-population-study
#9
Simone M E Schopman, Margreet Ten Have, Saskia van Dorsselaer, Ron de Graaf, Neeltje M Batelaan
OBJECTIVE: After remission of an anxiety disorder, subjects often experience persistent functional impairments. We examined whether impairments in mental and physical functioning following remission are a continuation of premorbid lower functioning (trait effect), due to impairments that develop during the anxiety disorder and persist beyond recovery (scar effect), or both. METHODS: Data were derived from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2 (NEMESIS-2), a prospective psychiatric epidemiologic study among the general population with a 3-wave design (6-year follow-up, with the study starting in 2007 and ending in 2015)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817201/exposure-response-modeling-and-power-analysis-of-components-of-acr-response-criteria-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-part-2-continuous-model
#10
Liang Li, Yi Zhang, Lian Ma, Ping Ji, Sarah Yim, Badrul A Chowdhury, Suresh Doddapaneni, Jiang Liu, Yaning Wang, Chandrahas Sahajwalla
Population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) models were developed to quantitate the exposure-response relationships using continuous longitudinal data on American College of Rheumatology (ACR) subcomponents, that is, tender-joint count (TJC), swollen-joint count (SJC), C-reactive protein, patient's assessment of pain, patient's global assessment of disease activity, physician's global assessment of disease activity, and patient's assessment of physical function for 5 biologics approved for use in rheumatoid arthritis...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817199/exposure-response-modeling-and-power-analysis-of-components-of-acr-response-criteria-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-part-1-binary-model
#11
Liang Li, Yi Zhang, Lian Ma, Ping Ji, Sarah Yim, Badrul Chowdhury, Suresh Doddapaneni, Jiang Liu, Yaning Wang, Chandrahas Sahajwalla
American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response criteria is used to assess improvement in tender and swollen joint counts and in 3 of the 5 core measures (acute-phase reactant, physician global assessment, patient global assessment, pain, and physical function). From the clinical trial data on 5 approved biological products for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic models were developed to quantitatively describe the relationship between exposure and response rates of 3 individual components of ACR response criteria...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816573/a-longitudinal-study-investigating-how-stroke-severity-disability-and-physical-function-the-first-week-post-stroke-are-associated-with-walking-speed-six-months-post-stroke
#12
Mona Kristin Aaslund, Rolf Moe-Nilssen, Bente Bassøe Gjelsvik, Bård Bogen, Halvor Næss, Håkon Hofstad, Jan Sture Skouen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate to which degree stroke severity, disability, and physical function the first week post-stroke are associated with preferred walking speed (PWS) at 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a stroke unit and tested within the first week (baseline) and at 6 months post-stroke. Outcome measures were the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), the Barthel Index (BI), modified Rankin Scale (mRS), PWS, Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke (PASS), and the Trunk Impairment Scale modified-Norwegian version...
August 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815316/health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-regorafenib-treatment-in-refractory-advanced-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#13
Andrew J Martin, Emma Gibbs, Katrin Sjoquist, Nick Pavlakis, John Simes, Tim Price, Jenny Shannon, Sanjeev Gill, Vikram Jain, Geoffrey Liu, George Kannourakis, Yeul Hong Kim, Jin Won Kim, David Goldstein
BACKGROUND: The INTEGRATE phase II multinational randomized controlled trial demonstrated the activity of regorafenib on progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with refractory advanced gastric adenocarcinoma. We sought to evaluate whether these PFS gains had the potential to be offset by quality of life (QoL) impacts from treatment side effects and to thereby determine the appropriateness of continuing development to phase III. METHODS: QoL was assessed in INTEGRATE at baseline and at each 4 weeks thereafter, until discontinuation of study treatment, using the QLQ-C30, STO22, and EQ-5D questionnaires...
August 16, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815146/quantifying-the-relative-change-in-physical-activity-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-accelerometer-based-measurements
#14
Vibhu Agarwal, Mathew Smuck, Nigam H Shah
Osteoarthritis is amongst the top five most disabling conditions affecting Americans over 65 years of age and imposes an annual economic burden estimated at $ 89.1 billion. Nearly half of the cost of care of Osteoarthritis is attributable to hospitalizations for total knee arthroplasties (TKA) and total hip arthroplasties (THA). The current clinical practice relies predominantly on subjective assessment of physical function and pain via patient reported outcome measures (PROM) that have proven inadequate for providing a validated, reliable and responsive measure of TKA outcomes...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814895/caffeine-as-an-opioid-analgesic-adjuvant-in-fibromyalgia
#15
J Ryan Scott, Afton L Hassett, Chad M Brummett, Richard E Harris, Daniel J Clauw, Steven E Harte
BACKGROUND: Caffeine's properties as an analgesic adjuvant with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs/acetaminophen are well documented. However, little clinical research has explored caffeine's effects on opioid analgesia. This study assessed the effects of caffeine consumption on pain and other symptoms in opioid-using and nonusing chronic pain patients meeting the survey criteria for fibromyalgia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients presenting to a university-based pain clinic completed validated self-report questionnaires assessing symptoms...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814847/relationship-between-tongue-strength-lip-strength-and-nutrition-related-sarcopenia-in-older-rehabilitation-inpatients-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Kotomi Sakai, Enri Nakayama, Haruka Tohara, Keiji Kodama, Takahiro Takehisa, Yozo Takehisa, Koichiro Ueda
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to clarify the relationship between tongue strength, lip strength, and nutrition-related sarcopenia (NRS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 201 older inpatients aged ≥65 years (70 men, median age: 84 years, interquartile range: 79-89 years) consecutively admitted for rehabilitation were included in this cross-sectional study. The main factors evaluated were the presence of NRS diagnosed by malnutrition using the Mini-Nutrition Assessment - Short Form, sarcopenia based on the criteria of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia, tongue strength, and lip strength...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814401/effects-of-protein-supplementation-combined-with-resistance-exercise-on-body-composition-and-physical-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Yen-Tzu Wu, Chin-Pao Cheng, Hui-Chuen Chen, Yi-Ching Huang, Hung-Chou Chen, Tsan-Hon Liou
Background: Overweight and obese older people face a high risk of muscle loss and impaired physical function, which may contribute to sarcopenic obesity. Resistance exercise training (RET) has a beneficial effect on muscle protein synthesis and can be augmented by protein supplementation (PS). However, whether body weight affects the augmentation of muscular and functional performance in response to PS in older people undergoing RET remains unclear.Objective: This study was conducted to identify the effects of PS on the body composition and physical function of older people undergoing RET...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813554/association-between-purpose-in-life-and-objective-measures-of-physical-function-in-older-adults
#18
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi, Ying Chen, Laura D Kubzansky
Importance: Higher purpose in life is hypothesized to reduce the likelihood of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed because purpose has been linked with a range of positive health behaviors and biological processes that are potentially protective against declining physical function. However, the association between purpose in life and objective physical function has not been examined. Objective: To assess whether higher purpose in life among adequately functioning older adults is associated with lower risk of developing weak grip strength and slow walking speed over time...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813553/the-benefits-of-purposeful-life-engagement-on-later-life-physical-function
#19
Carol D Ryff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812402/older-persons-experiences-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-with-behavioral-change-support
#20
Marina Arkkukangas, Annelie J Sundler, Anne Söderlund, Staffan Eriksson, Ann-Christin Johansson
BACKGROUND: It is a challenge to promote exercise among older persons. Knowledge is needed regarding the maintenance of exercise aiming at preventing falls and promoting health and well-being in older persons. PURPOSE: This descriptive study used a qualitative inductive approach to describe older persons' experiences of a fall-preventive, home-based exercise program with support for behavioral change. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 elderly persons aged 75 years or older, and a qualitative content analysis was performed...
August 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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