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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909824/usefulness-of-ctc-and-dtc-bm-detection-for-adjuvant-therapy-effects-and-prognosis-prediction-in-early-breast-carcinoma-results-of-8-11-years-of-follow-up-evaluation
#1
Hiroshi Takeyama, T Shimada, S Kinoshita, K Uchida
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) reportedly have been detected in the peripheral blood of more than 50% of breast carcinoma cases with distant metastases. Moreover, the survival period is shorter for patients who had more than five CTCs after a single chemotherapy treatment. However, a few data show the relationships between CTCs and expressions of disseminated tumor cells in the bone marrow (DTCs-BM), including treatment effects and prognoses in early breast carcinomas. METHODS: In this study, CTCs and DTC-BMs were measured by the CellSearch System for 20 patients with stages 1-3 carcinomas, who were followed for 8-11 years...
December 1, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904856/primary-hepatic-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-successfully-treated-with-combination-therapy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Hae Il Jung, Hyoung Uk Lee, Tae Sung Ahn, Jong Eun Lee, Hyun Yong Lee, Hyon Doek Cho, Sang Cheol Lee, Sang Ho Bae
Primary malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) in a young female patient, not associated with neurofibromatosis type-I is extremely rare in the liver. A 33-year-old female was admitted with a right flank pain for a weak. The CT scan showed 12.5-cm-sized mass located at the right hepatic lobe. At laparotomy, about 20.0-cm-sized mass was on the right hepatic lobe with attachment to right diaphragmatic pleura. Right hepatic lobe and adherent part of diaphragmatic pleura were resected. On histology and immunohistochemistry, it was diagnosed MPNST...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903079/preclinical-evaluation-of-a-replication-deficient-recombinant-adenovirus-serotype-5-vaccine-expressing-guanylate-cyclase-c-and-the-padre-t-helper-epitope
#3
Adam Eugene Snook, Trevor R Baybutt, Terry Hyslop, Scott Arthur Waldman
There is an unmet need for improved therapeutics for colorectal cancer, the second leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Adjuvant chemotherapy only marginally improves survival in some patients, and has no benefit in others, underscoring the clinical opportunity for novel immunotherapeutic approaches to improve survival in colorectal cancer. In that context, guanylate cyclase C (GUCY2C) is an established biomarker and therapeutic target for metastatic colorectal cancer with immunological characteristics that promote durable antitumor efficacy without autoimmunity...
November 30, 2016: Human Gene Therapy Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900755/incidental-18f-fdg-pet-ct-bilateral-breast-uptake-due-to-carcinoma
#4
Domenico Albano, Mattia Bertoli, Maria Laura Morassi, Giovanni Bosio, Emanuela Orlando, Francesco Bertagna
We report a case of 71-year-old female patient, previously treated with chemotherapy and surgical resection of sigmoid tract of the large bowel for adenocarcinoma (pT3N1M0), who underwent a 18F-FDG PET/CT for a suspicious hepatic lesion detected at CT scan during follow-up. 18F-FDG PET/CT showed no abnormal uptake in the liver both at 60 minutes and 120 minutes after injection but revealed a pathological uptake in two breast nodules, (one localized in upper-internal-quadrant of the right breast and the other in the upper-external-quadrant of the left breast)...
2016: Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900108/high-dose-chemotherapy-with-autologous-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-transplantation-for-choriocarcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Eiko Yamamoto, Kaoru Niimi, Kayo Fujikake, Tetsuya Nishida, Makoto Murata, Ayako Mitsuma, Yuichi Ando, Fumitaka Kikkawa
Choriocarcinoma is a malignant gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) and one of the curable types of gynecological cancer. However, 10% of choriocarcinoma patients have a poor prognosis, particularly when they have metastasis, apart from pulmonary metastasis, or do not go into remission by the second chemotherapeutic regimen. We herein present the case of a 36-year-old patient who had choriocarcinoma with metastases to the lungs, liver and kidneys. The 5th and 6th regimens with cisplatin for choriocarcinoma failed and the patient developed brain metastases...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900088/favorable-control-of-advanced-colon-adenocarcinoma-with-severe-bone-marrow-metastasis-a-case-report
#6
Fumiyasu Hanamura, Yoshihiro Shibata, Tsuyoshi Shirakawa, Miyuki Kuwayama, Hisanobu Oda, Hiroshi Ariyama, Kenichi Taguchi, Taito Esaki, Eishi Baba
Colorectal cancer (CRC) has a propensity to metastasize to the liver, lungs and regional abdominal lymph nodes, but rarely to the bone marrow. A 60-year-old man presented to the National Hospital Organization Kyushu Cancer Center with a 4-week history of persistent lower back pain, anorexia and difficulty defecating. Complete blood count revealed severe thrombocytopenia and erythroblastosis, suggesting a hematological malignancy. However, the bone marrow examination demonstrated involvement by a moderately to poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, but no hematopoietic abnormalities...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890894/clinical-complete-response-from-chemotherapy-in-an-elderly-patient-with-metastatic-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#7
Tetsuro Kawagoe, Yuta Maruki, Hiroyuki Nagoya, Yuki Kosugi, Teppei Akimoto, Hiroshi Yamawaki, Yasuhiro Kodaka, Mayumi Shimpuku, Nobue Ueki, Seiji Futagami, Kazumasa Miyake, Katsuhiko Iwakiri
An 81-year-old man was admitted with upper abdominal pain and weight loss. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a large tumor located from the gastric angle to the body. Histological analysis of a biopsy revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. Computed tomography revealed metastases in the liver and lung and the patient was subsequently diagnosed with metastatic advanced gastric cancer. He was treated with chemotherapy using S-1 (80 mg/m(2)) and cisplatin (CDDP) (60 mg/m(2)). Twenty-two months after chemotherapy, the gastric tumor, and the nodules in the liver and lung, had disappeared...
2016: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875625/clinical-and-genetic-determinants-of-ovarian-metastases-from-colorectal-cancer
#8
Karuna Ganesh, Ronak H Shah, Efsevia Vakiani, Garrett M Nash, Hugh P Skottowe, Rona Yaeger, Andrea Cercek, Anne Lincoln, Christina Tran, Neil H Segal, Diane L Reidy, Anna Varghese, Andrew S Epstein, Yukio Sonoda, Dennis Chi, Jose Guillem, Larissa Temple, Philip Paty, Jaclyn Hechtman, Jinru Shia, Martin Weiser, Julio Garcia Aguilar, Nancy Kemeny, Michael F Berger, Leonard Saltz, Zsofia K Stadler
BACKGROUND: Ovarian metastases from colorectal cancer (OM-CRC) often are unresponsive to chemotherapy and are associated with poor survival. To the authors' knowledge, the clinicopathologic and genomic predictors of OM-CRC are poorly characterized and optimal clinical management remains unclear. METHODS: Women with a histopathological diagnosis of OM-CRC who were treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center from 1999 to 2015 were identified. Next-generation somatic mutation profiling (Memorial Sloan Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets [MSK-IMPACT]) was performed on 38 OM-CRC cases, including 21 matched tumor pairs/trios...
November 22, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870679/new-developments-in-interventional-oncology-liver-metastases-from-colorectal-cancer
#9
Joseph R Kallini, Ahmed Gabr, Nadine Abouchaleh, Rehan Ali, Ahsun Riaz, Robert J Lewandowski, Riad Salem
Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Although hepatic excision is the first-line treatment for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), few patients are candidates. Locoregional therapy (LRT) encompasses minimally invasive techniques practiced by interventional radiology. These include ablative treatments (radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, and cryosurgical ablation) and transcatheter intra-arterial therapy (hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy, transarterial "bland" embolization, transarterial chemoembolization, and radioembolization with yttrium 90)...
November 2016: Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867925/a-stable-secondary-gliosarcoma-with-extensive-systemic-metastases-a-case-report
#10
Tae-Min Choi, Young-Jun Cheon, Tae-Young Jung, Kyung-Hwa Lee
A 63-year-old man complained of intermittent motor weakness of his arm. The magnetic resonance image (MRI) of his brain displayed a high signal lesion in right cingulate gyrus on T2 weighted image. One year later, he showed a stuporous mental status with repeated seizures, and the follow-up brain MRI showed heterogeneously enhanced mass associated with bleeding. He was treated with surgery and radiotherapy for secondary glioblastomas in right cingulate gyrus. One year more later, a mass recurred on the left frontal base, and gliosarcoma was diagnosed...
October 2016: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864300/oral-and-gastrointestinal-symptomatic-metastases-as-initial-presentation-of-lung-cancer
#11
Jenifer Jeba, Selvamani Backianathan, Gunadala Ishitha, Ashish Singh
Metastasis to the tongue, duodenum or pancreas from primary lung cancer is uncommon. Primary lung cancer presenting with symptoms related to metastases at these sites, at initial presentation is extremely rare. We report a 45-year-old man with disseminated lung malignancy who presented with dyspepsia, melena, symptoms due to anaemia and swelling in the tongue. Oral examination revealed a hard submucosal anterior tongue lesion. Biopsies from the tongue lesion and the duodenal ulcer seen on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were suggestive of metastasis from lung primary...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863731/pulmonary-resection-for-synchronous-m1b-cstage-iv-non-small-cell-lung-cancer%C3%A2-patients
#12
Masafumi Yamaguchi, Makoto Edagawa, Yuzo Suzuki, Ryo Toyozawa, Fumihiko Hirai, Kaname Nosaki, Takashi Seto, Mitsuhiro Takenoyama, Yukito Ichinose
BACKGROUND: We wanted to assess the efficacy of curative intent pulmonary resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with synchronous M1b-distant metastases in a single organ or lesion. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2015, 23 consecutive synchronous M1b-cStage IV NSCLC patients who underwent any treatment for metastases and curative intent pulmonary resection were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Sixteen patients were men and 7 were women, with a median age of 56 years (range: 41 to 76 years)...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863343/acrometastasis-following-colorectal-cancer-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Kozar Agha, Khalid Akbari, Syed Husain Abbas, Simon Middleton, Daniel McGrath
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer commonly metastasises to the liver, peritoneum and lungs. Bony metastases are uncommon in colorectal cancer and in particular metastases to the hands or feet (acrometastasis) are an extremely rare occurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old male with a colonic malignancy underwent elective anterior resection. Intra-operatively he was found to have a pelvic collection necessitating an end colostomy. Histology confirmed complete Dukes B tumour excision with no evidence of lymph node metastases...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857836/refractory-hypoglycemia-in-a-patient-with-functional-adrenal-cortical-carcinoma
#14
Katia Regina Marchetti, Maria Adelaide Albergaria Pereira, Arnaldo Lichtenstein, Edison Ferreira Paiva
: Adrenacarcinomas are rare, and hypoglycemic syndrome resulting from the secretion of insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) by these tumors have been described infrequently. This study describes the case of a young woman with severe persistent hypoglycemia and a large adrenal tumor and discusses the physiopathological mechanisms involved in hypoglycemia. The case is described as a 21-year-old woman who presented with 8 months of general symptoms and, in the preceding 3 months, with episodes of mental confusion and visual blurring secondary to hypoglycemia...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856064/radical-surgery-of-oligometastatic-pancreatic-cancer
#15
T Hackert, W Niesen, U Hinz, C Tjaden, O Strobel, A Ulrich, C W Michalski, M W Büchler
BACKGROUND: In metastatic disease (M1), chemotherapy (expected survival: 6-10 months) is considered the only treatment option. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of curative M1 PDAC resections. METHODS: Prospective data of all patients undergoing primary tumour and metastasis resection for stage IV PDAC during a 12-year period was analysed regarding localisation (liver or distant interaortocaval lymph nodes; ILN), morbidity and survival. Patients were stratified with regard to syn- or metachronous metastases resection...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855440/loss-of-kcnq1-expression-in-stage-ii-and-stage-iii-colon-cancer-is-a-strong-prognostic-factor-for-disease-recurrence
#16
Sjoerd H den Uil, Veerle M H Coupé, Janneke F Linnekamp, Evert van den Broek, Jeroen A C M Goos, Pien M Delis-van Diemen, Eric J Th Belt, Nicole C T van Grieken, Patricia M Scott, Louis Vermeulen, Jan Paul Medema, Herman Bril, Hein B A C Stockmann, Robert T Cormier, Gerrit A Meijer, Remond J A Fijneman
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide. Accurately identifying stage II CRC patients at risk for recurrence is an unmet clinical need. KCNQ1 was previously identified as a tumour suppressor gene and loss of expression was associated with poor survival in patients with CRC liver metastases. In this study the prognostic value of KCNQ1 in stage II and stage III colon cancer patients was examined. METHODS: KCNQ1 mRNA expression was assessed in 90 stage II colon cancer patients (AMC-AJCCII-90) using microarray gene expression data...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852294/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratios-predict-chemotherapy-outcomes-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-and-synchronous-liver-metastasis
#17
Yuchen Wu, Cong Li, Jiang Zhao, Li Yang, Fangqi Liu, Hongtu Zheng, Zhimin Wang, Ye Xu
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence indicates that inflammatory parameters could be useful to predict metastasis from colorectal cancer. However, their roles in predicting chemotherapy response and prognosis in patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastasis (CLM) are unknown. METHODS: The clinical data and baseline laboratory parameters of 55 patients with synchronous CLM were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent palliative resection of the primary tumor and oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848159/effect-of-chemotherapy-on-the-impact-of-fdg-pet-ct-in-selection-of-patients-for-surgical-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-single-center-analysis-of-pet-cam-randomized-trial
#18
Ur Metser, Jaydeep Halankar, Deanna Langer, Ravi Mohan, Douglas Hussey, Moshonov Hadas, Shlomit Tamir
: The largest randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the effect of FDG-PET on surgical management for metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma to liver ("PET-CAM") reported only a modest change in surgical management (8%). PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between prior chemotherapy and detection of metastatic disease on PET in patients from PET-CAM. Secondary aim: to determine whether centralized imaging interpretation could have impacted trial results. METHODS: The study included 120 patients from a single institution...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832445/pancreatic-cancer-and-liver-metastases-state-of-the-art
#19
REVIEW
Eugen Bellon, Florian Gebauer, Michael Tachezy, Jakob R Izbicki, Maximilian Bockhorn
Pancreatic cancer is still one of the most aggressive oncological diseases with a 5-year mortality rate below 10%. Surgery remains the only curative treatment; however, most patients present with late-stage disease deemed unresectable, either due to extensive local vascular involvement or the presence of distant metastasis. In the detection of hepatic metastases, the current standard is palliative chemotherapy with fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX) or nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine...
September 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815722/disappearing-or-residual-tiny-%C3%A2-5%C3%A2-mm-colorectal-liver-metastases-after-chemotherapy-on-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-liver-mri-and-diffusion-weighted-imaging-is-local-treatment-required
#20
Seung Soo Kim, Kyoung Doo Song, Young Kon Kim, Hee Cheol Kim, Jung Wook Huh, Young Suk Park, Joon Oh Park, Seung Tae Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical course of disappearing colorectal liver metastases (DLM) or residual tiny (≤5 mm) colorectal liver metastases (RTCLM) on gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in patients who had colorectal liver metastases (CLM) and received chemotherapy. METHODS: Among 137 patients who received chemotherapy for CLM and underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI and DWI between 2010 and 2012, 43 patients with 168 DLMs and 48 RTCLMs were included...
November 4, 2016: European Radiology
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