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American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225423/committee-opinion-no-688-management-of-suboptimally-dated-pregnancies
#1
(no author information available yet)
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers first-trimester ultrasonography to be the most accurate method to establish or confirm gestational age. Pregnancies without an ultrasonographic examination confirming or revising the estimated due date before 22 0/7 weeks of gestation should be considered suboptimally dated. This document provides guidance for managing pregnancies in which the best clinical estimate of gestational age is suboptimal. There is no role for elective delivery in a woman with a suboptimally dated pregnancy...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225418/committee-opinion-no-688-summary-management-of-suboptimally-dated-pregnancies
#2
(no author information available yet)
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists considers first-trimester ultrasonography to be the most accurate method to establish or confirm gestational age. Pregnancies without an ultrasonographic examination confirming or revising the estimated due date before 22 0/7 weeks of gestation should be considered suboptimally dated. This document provides guidance for managing pregnancies in which the best clinical estimate of gestational age is suboptimal. There is no role for elective delivery in a woman with a suboptimally dated pregnancy...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219965/a-public-health-response-to-opioid-use-in-pregnancy
#3
Stephen W Patrick, Davida M Schiff
The use of opioids during pregnancy has grown rapidly in the past decade. As opioid use during pregnancy increased, so did complications from their use, including neonatal abstinence syndrome. Several state governments responded to this increase by prosecuting and incarcerating pregnant women with substance use disorders; however, this approach has no proven benefits for maternal or infant health and may lead to avoidance of prenatal care and a decreased willingness to engage in substance use disorder treatment programs...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211155/utah-obstetricians-opinions-of-planned-home-birth-and-conflicting-nice-acog-guidelines-a-qualitative-study
#4
Emily Rainey, Sara Simonsen, Joseph Stanford, Kimberley Shoaf, Jami Baayd
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently published recommendations that support planned home birth for low-risk women. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) remains wary of planned home birth, asserting that hospitals and birthing centers are the safest birth settings. Our objective was to examine opinions of obstetricians in Salt Lake City, Utah about home birth in the context of rising home birth rates and conflicting guidelines...
February 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203387/an-overview-of-available-drugs-for-management-of-opioid-abuse-during-pregnancy
#5
REVIEW
Jillian Laslo, Jon-Michael Brunner, Daniel Burns, Emily Butler, Autumn Cunningham, Ryan Killpack, Courtney Pyeritz, Kimberly Rinard, Jennifer Childers, Joseph Horzempa
The prevalence of opioid abuse in the United States has been steadily increasing over the last several years among many major demographics, including pregnant women. Rise in prenatal opioid abuse has resulted in subsequent escalation of neonatal abstinence syndrome incidence, prompting the US Congress to pass the Protecting Our Infants Act of 2015. This act specifically calls for a critical review of current treatment options for prenatal opioid abuse which may ultimately lead to the development of better therapies and a decreased incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198038/likelihood-of-cesarean-delivery-after-applying-leading-active-labor-diagnostic-guidelines
#6
Jeremy L Neal, Nancy K Lowe, Julia C Phillippi, Sharon L Ryan, Amy M Knupp, Mary S Dietrich, Stephen F Thung
BACKGROUND: Friedman, the United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists/Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (ACOG/SMFM) support different active labor diagnostic guidelines. Our aims were to compare likelihoods for cesarean delivery among women admitted before vs in active labor by diagnostic guideline (within-guideline comparisons) and between women admitted in active labor per one or more of the guidelines (between-guideline comparisons)...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182607/advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-recommended-immunization-schedule-for-children-and-adolescents-aged-18-years-or-younger-united-states-2017
#7
Candice L Robinson, José R Romero, Allison Kempe, Cynthia Pellegrini
In October 2016, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) approved the Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Aged 18 Years or Younger-United States, 2017. The 2017 child and adolescent immunization schedule summarizes ACIP recommendations, including several changes from the 2016 immunization schedules, in three figures, and footnotes for the figures. These documents can be found on the CDC immunization schedule website (https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html)...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182599/advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-recommended-immunization-schedule-for-adults-aged-19-years-or-older-united-states-2017
#8
David K Kim, Laura E Riley, Kathleen H Harriman, Paul Hunter, Carolyn B Bridges
In October 2016, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) voted to approve the Recommended Adult Immunization Schedule for Adults Aged 19 Years or Older-United States, 2017. The 2017 adult immunization schedule summarizes ACIP recommendations in two figures, footnotes for the figures, and a table of contraindications and precautions for vaccines recommended for adults. These documents are available at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules. The full ACIP recommendations for each vaccine can be found at https://www...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178048/relocation-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-the-united-states-2005-2015
#9
Imam M Xierali, Marc A Nivet, William F Rayburn
OBJECTIVE: To examine recent trends in the relocation of obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) in the United States. METHODS: This longitudinal descriptive study analyzed relocation patterns of ob-gyns between the earliest reference point (2005) and most recently (2015). A physician's county location in a year was compared with his or her location during the previous year. Physician background and county characteristics came from three data resources (Association of American Medical Colleges databases, American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, American Community Survey)...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142152/improving-safe-and-effective-use-of-drugs-in-pregnancy-and-lactation-workshop-summary
#10
Laura E Riley, Alison G Cahill, Richard Beigi, Renate Savich, George Saade
In February 2015, given high rates of use of medications by pregnant women and the relative lack of data on safety and efficacy of many drugs utilized in pregnancy, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) convened a group of experts to review the "current" state of the clinical care and science regarding medication use during the perinatal period...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127125/inappropriate-use-of-antibiotics-in-patients-undergoing-gynecologic-surgery
#11
John Joyce, Jessica Langsjoen, Cynthia Sharadin, Thomas J Kuehl, Wilma I Larsen
We retrospectively examined prophylactic antibiotic use and documentation of wound classification in patients having gynecologic surgery at a tertiary hospital. Of the 326 cases reviewed, 175 (54%) received prophylactic antibiotics when not indicated according to guidelines of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Antibiotic administration varied significantly (P < 0.02) among the different types of surgery, being given in 82% of laparoscopic cases, 35% of nonobstetrical dilation and curettage and operative hysteroscopy procedures, and 51% of open abdominal procedures...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077749/survey-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-the-united-states-about-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis
#12
Rebecca L Hall, Britta Anderson, Jay Schulkin, Paul T Cantey, Susan P Montgomery, Jeffrey L Jones
An estimated 50 million persons worldwide are infected with cysticerci, the larval forms of the Taenia solium tapeworm. Neurocysticercosis can cause seizures, epilepsy, and hydrocephalus, and fatal cases have been reported in the United States in immigrants and in travelers returning from endemic countries. Pregnant women with symptomatic neurocysticercosis present treatment challenges, whereas those with the adult tapeworm infection (i.e., taeniasis) can put their infants and other family members, as well as obstetrician-gynecologists and their staff, at risk for cysticercosis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029807/physicians-perspectives-and-practice-patterns-toward-opportunistic-salpingectomy-in-high-and-low-risk-women
#13
Nathaniel L Jones, Jay Schulkin, Renata R Urban, Jason D Wright, William M Burke, June Y Hou, Cora A McElwain, Ana I Tergas
BACKGROUND: Opportunistic bilateral salpingectomy (OBS) has been proposed as an ovarian cancer risk-reducing strategy. METHODS: A survey was emailed to 300 members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. RESULTS: 125 (42%) surveys were returned: 60% female, 88% generalists, 67% private practice. Only 36% correctly identified the lifetime risk of ovarian cancer, only 23% understood the risk-reducing benefit of bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
January 2, 2017: Cancer Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002310/committee-opinion-no-684-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-after-birth
#14
(no author information available yet)
Delayed umbilical cord clamping appears to be beneficial for term and preterm infants. In term infants, delayed umbilical cord clamping increases hemoglobin levels at birth and improves iron stores in the first several months of life, which may have a favorable effect on developmental outcomes. There is a small increase in jaundice that requires phototherapy in this group of infants. Consequently, health care providers adopting delayed umbilical cord clamping in term infants should ensure that mechanisms are in place to monitor for and treat neonatal jaundice...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002305/committee-opinion-no-684-summary-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-after-birth
#15
(no author information available yet)
Delayed umbilical cord clamping appears to be beneficial for term and preterm infants. In term infants, delayed umbilical cord clamping increases hemoglobin levels at birth and improves iron stores in the first several months of life, which may have a favorable effect on developmental outcomes. There is a small increase in jaundice that requires phototherapy in this group of infants. Consequently, health care providers adopting delayed umbilical cord clamping in term infants should ensure that mechanisms are in place to monitor for and treat neonatal jaundice...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977436/pitfalls-with-the-new-american-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-task-force-on-hypertension-in-pregnancy
#16
Jaimey M Pauli, John T Repke
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Task Force on Hypertension in Pregnancy was created to evaluate the existing literature, develop practice guidelines, and identify areas for future research focus. Several issues were identified that may not have been initially obvious during the process of developing this document, including limited practical use, a lack of high quality literature, conflicting recommendations, a potential for high resource utilization, need for continually updated information, and little headway in research that is clinically useful...
March 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939470/butorphanol-use-in-laboring-patients-with-preeclampsia-or-chronic-hypertension
#17
Kelly Garrity, Allyson Jang, Steve Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends against the use of butorphanol in patients diagnosed with preeclampsia or chronic hypertension secondary to a theoretical concern that the drug will further elevate blood pressures. No past study has examined the drug's potential to elevate blood pressures in laboring patients. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study all chronic hypertensive and preeclamptic patients who underwent an induction of labor and delivered a viable, singleton pregnancy between the dates of 1/1/2013 and 12/31/2014 at a single academic hospital were included...
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926644/cervical-cancer-screening-guideline-adherence-before-and-after-guideline-changes-in-pennsylvania-medicaid
#18
Natasha Parekh, Julie M Donohue, Aiju Men, Jennifer Corbelli, Marian Jarlenski
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in cervical cancer screening after the 2009 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' guideline change and to determine predictors associated with underscreening and overscreening among Medicaid-enrolled women. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study of Pennsylvania Medicaid claims from 2007 to 2013. We evaluated guideline adherence of 18- to 64-year-old continuously enrolled women before and after the 2009 guideline change...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824751/obesity-and-tobacco-cessation-toolkits-practical-tips-and-tools-to-save-lives
#19
Susan D Crowe, Laurie C Gregg, Mark S DeFrancesco
Both obesity and smoking are public health burdens that together contribute to approximately one third of the deaths annually in the United States. In 2015, under the direction of Dr. Mark DeFrancesco, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists convened two workgroups with the purpose of creating toolkits that bring together information that the obstetrician-gynecologist can use to address these preventable health problems. An Obesity Prevention and Treatment Workgroup and a Tobacco and Nicotine Cessation Workgroup developed toolkits on Obesity Prevention and Treatment (www...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814825/the-effect-of-the-controversial-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendations-on-the-use-of-screening-mammography
#20
Richard E Sharpe, David C Levin, Laurence Parker, Vijay M Rao
PURPOSE: The 2009 release of updated US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening mammography differed sharply from those of the American Cancer Society, the ACR, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. The aim of this study was to ascertain the effect of these recommendations on the utilization of screening mammography in the Medicare population. METHODS: The Medicare Part B Physician/Supplier Procedure Summary Master Files from 2005 through 2010 were used to determine the annual utilization rate of screening mammography from 2005 to 2010...
November 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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