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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024453/the-histopathologic-reliability-of-tissue-taken-from-cadavers-within-the-gross-anatomy-laboratory
#1
Guenevere Rae, William P Newman, Robin McGoey, Supriya Donthamsetty, Aryn C Karpinski, Jeffrey Green
The purpose of this study was to examine the histopathologic reliability of embalmed cadaveric tissue taken from the gross anatomy laboratory. Tissue samples from hearts, livers, lungs, and kidneys were collected after the medical students' dissection course was completed. All of the cadavers were embalmed in a formalin-based fixative solution. The tissue was processed, embedded in paraffin, sectioned at six micrometers, and stained with H&E. The microscope slides were evaluated by a board certified pathologist to determine whether the cellular components of the tissues were preserved at a high enough quality to allow for histopathologic diagnosis...
October 10, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023330/heart-rate-variability-and-training-load-among-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-1-college-football-players-throughout-spring-camp
#2
Andrew A Flatt, Michael R Esco, Jeff R Allen, James B Robinson, Ryan L Earley, Michael V Fedewa, Amy Bragg, Clay M Keith, Jonathan E Wingo
Flatt, AA, Esco, MR, Allen, JR, Robinson, JB, Earley, RL, Fedewa, MV, Bragg, A, Keith, CM, and Wingo, JE. Heart rate variability and training load among National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1 college football players throughout spring camp. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The purpose of this study was to determine whether recovery of cardiac-autonomic activity to baseline occurs between consecutive-day training sessions among positional groups of a collegiate football team during Spring camp...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022132/an-exploratory-study-of-the-electronic-medical-record-and-outpatient-vascular-neurology-consultations
#3
Larissa Georgeon, Philip B Gorelick, Tenko Raykov, Muhammad U Farooq, Jiangyong Min, Christopher Goshgarian, Bradley Haveman-Gould, Amy Groenhout, Molly McCarthy
We carried out a quality improvement project utilizing the electronic medical record (EMR) to determine (1) the quality of vascular neurologists' recommendations for recurrent stroke prevention and (2) primary care provider (PCP) acknowledgement of the vascular neurologists' recurrent stroke prevention recommendations and their frequency of meeting the recommended metrics for risk factor control and lifestyle modification. We conducted a retrospective EMR chart review on a convenience sample of ischemic stroke patients during two epochs...
October 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020435/blood-pressure-targets-for-the-treatment-of-people-with-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease
#4
REVIEW
Luis Carlos Saiz, Javier Gorricho, Javier Garjón, Mª Concepción Celaya, Lourdes Muruzábal, Mª Del Mar Malón, Rodolfo Montoya, Antonio López
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a prominent preventable cause of premature morbidity and mortality. People with hypertension and established cardiovascular disease are at particularly high risk, so reducing blood pressure below standard targets may be beneficial. This strategy could reduce cardiovascular mortality and morbidity but could also increase adverse events. The optimal blood pressure target in people with hypertension and established cardiovascular disease remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine if 'lower' blood pressure targets (≤ 135/85 mmHg) are associated with reduction in mortality and morbidity as compared with 'standard' blood pressure targets (≤ 140 to 160/ 90 to 100 mmHg) in the treatment of people with hypertension and a history of cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, peripheral vascular occlusive disease)...
October 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020206/concordance-with-prevention-guidelines-and-subsequent-cancer-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-adults
#5
Heather Greenlee, Garrett Strizich, Gina S Lovasi, Robert C Kaplan, Mary L Biggs, Christopher I Li, John Richardson, Gregory L Burke, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Amanda M Fretts, Bruce M Psaty, Linda P Fried
Reports on the association between multiple clinical and behavioral health indicators and major health outcomes among older adults are scarce. We prospectively examined concordance with American Cancer Society and American Heart Association disease prevention guidelines in relation to cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality among Cardiovascular Health Study enrollees age 65-98 years who at baseline assessment in 1989-1996 (n = 3,491) were free of CVD and cancer. Total and cause-specific mortality, as well as incidence of cancer and CVD, were lower with increased guideline concordance...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017643/-chinese-consensus-on-cpr-and-american-guidelines-on-cpr
#6
Lixiang Wang, Qingyi Meng, Tao Yu
In the article, we compared "2016 national consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation in China" and "2015 American Heart Association guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care" with their definition, orientation, characterization, quantifying and thinking mode. Chinese consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) emphasizes the concept of "survival cycle" and focuses on the victim, it defines the rate of survival in its broad sense, and the thinking mode of the document is typically oriental style...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017533/persistent-organic-pollutants-and-mortality-in-the-united-states-nhanes-1999-2011
#7
Kristiann Fry, Melinda C Power
BACKGROUND: Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are environmentally and biologically persistent chemicals that include polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and organochlorine (OC) pesticides. Currently, data on the associations between exposure to POPs and the risk of mortality in the U.S. population is limited. Our objective was to determine if higher exposure to POPs is associated with greater risk of all-cause, cancer, heart/cerebrovascular disease, or other-cause mortality...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016960/validation-of-the-hcm-risk-scd-model-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-following-alcohol-septal-ablation
#8
Max Liebregts, Lothar Faber, Morten K Jensen, Pieter A Vriesendorp, Peter R Hansen, Hubert Seggewiss, Dieter Horstkotte, Radka Adlova, Michelle Michels, Henning Bundgaard, Jurriën M Ten Berg, Josef Veselka
Aims: The HCM Risk-SCD model for prediction of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy recommended by the 2014 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines has not been validated after septal reduction therapy. The aim of this study was to validate the HCM Risk-SCD model in patients undergoing alcohol septal ablation (ASA) and to compare its performance to previous models. Methods and result: A total of 844 ASA patients without prior SCD event were included...
September 18, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993952/discordance-of-the-framingham-cardiovascular-risk-score-and-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-risk-score-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Kashif Jafri, Alexis Ogdie, Atif Qasim, Sarah L Patterson, Milena Gianfrancesco, Zara Izadi, Patricia Katz, Jinoos Yazdany, Gabriela Schmajuk
Despite the increasing use of the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) cardiovascular (CV) risk score in clinical practice, few studies have compared this score to the Framingham risk score among rheumatologic patients. We calculated Framingham and 2013 ACC/AHA risk scores in subjects with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and assessed demographic, CV, and rheumatologic characteristics associated with discordant scores (high-risk ACC/AHA scores but low-risk Framingham scores)...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993401/diagnosis-and-management-of-noncardiac-complications-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#10
REVIEW
George K Lui, Arwa Saidi, Ami B Bhatt, Luke J Burchill, Jason F Deen, Michael G Earing, Michael Gewitz, Jonathan Ginns, Joseph D Kay, Yuli Y Kim, Adrienne H Kovacs, Eric V Krieger, Fred M Wu, Shi-Joon Yoo
Life expectancy and quality of life for those born with congenital heart disease (CHD) have greatly improved over the past 3 decades. While representing a great advance for these patients, who have been able to move from childhood to successful adult lives in increasing numbers, this development has resulted in an epidemiological shift and a generation of patients who are at risk of developing chronic multisystem disease in adulthood. Noncardiac complications significantly contribute to the morbidity and mortality of adults with CHD...
October 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992354/obesity-and-synergistic-risk-factors-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-african-american-adults-the-jackson-heart-study
#11
Robert E Olivo, Clemontina A Davenport, Clarissa J Diamantidis, Nrupen A Bhavsar, Crystal C Tyson, Rasheeda Hall, Aurelian Bidulescu, Bessie Young, Stanford E Mwasongwe, Jane Pendergast, L Ebony Boulware, Julia J Scialla
Background: African Americans are at high risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Obesity may increase the risk for CKD by exacerbating features of the metabolic syndrome and promoting glomerular hyperfiltration. Whether other factors also affecting these pathways may amplify or mitigate obesity-CKD associations has not been investigated. Methods: We studied interactions between obesity and these candidate factors in 2043 African Americans without baseline kidney disease enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study...
August 30, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990660/relationship-of-stroke-risk-and-hearing-loss-in-african-americans-the-jackson-heart-study
#12
Jonathan E Sorrel, Charles E Bishop, Christopher Spankovich, Dan Su, Karen Valle, Samantha Seals, John M Schweinfurth
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the relationships among measures of stroke risk and hearing in an African American cardiovascular study cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: The relationships between stroke risk profiles and hearing of 1,107 individuals from a cohort of African Americans were assessed. Several different hearing pure-tone averages (PTAs) were constructed representing different frequency regions of hearing, namely PTA low, PTA mid, and PTA high...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987317/nationwide-survival-after-inhospital-cardiac-arrest-before-and-after-2010-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-guidelines-2007-2014
#13
Sagar Mallikethi-Reddy, Emmanuel Akintoye, Melvyn Rubenfire, Alexandros Briasoulis, Cindy L Grines, Luis Afonso
BACKGROUND: American Heart Association has been revising the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines quinquennially. We sought to study the influence of 2010 CPR guidelines on nationwide survival after inhospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: Healthcare Utilization Project's National Inpatient Sample 20007-2014, was used to identify 799,741 adults aged ≥15years, who underwent inhospital CPR. We compared inhospital survival trends during period before (2007-2010) and after (2011-2014) American Heart Association 2010 CPR guidelines...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986059/the-day-of-the-week-and-acute-heart-failure-admissions-relationship-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-30-day-readmission-rate-and-in-hospital-mortality
#14
Mahek Shah, Soumya Patnaik, Brijesh Patel, Shilpkumar Arora, Nilay Patel, Sopan Lahewala, Vincent M Figueredo, Matthew W Martinez, Larry Jacobs
BACKGROUND: In-hospital care may be constrained during the weekend due to lesser resources. Impact on outcomes of weekend versus weekday care in congestive heart failure (HF) needs further study. METHODS: Admissions with a primary diagnosis of HF using ICD-9CM codes were studied. 22,287 HF-admissions from Einstein Medical Center (2003-2013) and 2,248,482 HF-admissions from the 2002-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) were analyzed separately. Primary outcomes were 30-day HF-readmission and in-hospital mortality...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984667/ascending-aortic-aneurysm-is-an-inherited-disease-a-contemporary-literature-review-based-on-hill-s-criteria-of-specificity-strength-of-association-and-biological-coherence
#15
Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Immad Arif Kiani, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Bijoy K Khandheria, Timothy E Paterick, Renuka Jain, A Jamil Tajik
There is growing evidence of a differential etiological basis for thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA), with ascending (As) TAAs being genetically mediated and descending (Des) TAAs more strongly related to acquired pathologies. A comprehensive literature review of this hypothesis has not been carried out. We carried out a systematic literature review based on the latest guidelines on TAA endorsed by the American Heart Association. The etiologies were classified as genetic and inherited, the studies were tabulated accordingly, and Hill's epidemiological criteria of causality were applied...
November 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984649/orthostatic-hypotension-for-the-cardiologist
#16
Philip L Mar, Satish R Raj
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Orthostatic hypotension is a phenomenon commonly encountered in a cardiologist's clinical practice that has significant diagnostic and prognostic value for a cardiologist. Given the mounting evidence associating cardiovascular morbidity and mortality with orthostatic hypotension, cardiologists will play an increasing role in treating and managing patients with orthostatic hypotension. RECENT FINDINGS: The American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, and Heart Rhythm Society recently published consensus guidelines on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of syncope and their instigators, including orthostatic hypotension...
October 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982827/physical-and-mental-health-factors-associated-with-work-engagement-among-finnish-female-municipal-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Veera Veromaa, Hannu Kautiainen, Päivi Elina Korhonen
OBJECTIVES: Work engagement is related to mental health, but studies of physical health's association with work engagement are scarce. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between physical health, psychosocial risk factors and work engagement among Finnish women in municipal work units. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 among 726 female employees from 10 municipal work units of the city of Pori, Finland. Work engagement was assessed with the nine-item Utrecht Work Engagement Scale...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982671/cohort-study-of-ecg-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-trajectories-ethnic-disparities-associations-with-cardiovascular-outcomes-and-clinical-utility
#18
Carlos Iribarren, Alfred D Round, Meng Lu, Peter M Okin, Edward J McNulty
BACKGROUND: ECG left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a well-known predictor of cardiovascular disease. However, no prior study has characterized patterns of presence/absence of ECG LVH ("ECG LVH trajectories") across the adult lifespan in both sexes and across ethnicities. We examined: (1) correlates of ECG LVH trajectories; (2) the association of ECG LVH trajectories with incident coronary heart disease, transient ischemic attack, ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and heart failure; and (3) reclassification of cardiovascular disease risk using ECG LVH trajectories...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982499/heart-rate-and-outcomes-in-hospitalized%C3%A2-patients-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection%C3%A2-fraction
#19
Phillip H Lam, Daniel J Dooley, Prakash Deedwania, Steven N Singh, Deepak L Bhatt, Charity J Morgan, Javed Butler, Selma F Mohammed, Wen-Chih Wu, Gurusher Panjrath, Michael R Zile, Michel White, Cherinne Arundel, Thomas E Love, Marc R Blackman, Richard M Allman, Wilbert S Aronow, Stefan D Anker, Gregg C Fonarow, Ali Ahmed
BACKGROUND: A lower heart rate is associated with better outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (EF). Less is known about this association in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to examine associations of discharge heart rate with outcomes in hospitalized patients with HFpEF. METHODS: Of the 8,873 hospitalized patients with HFpEF (EF ≥50%) in the Medicare-linked OPTIMIZE-HF (Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure) registry, 6,286 had a stable heart rate, defined as ≤20 beats/min variation between admission and discharge...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981338/heart-toxicity-related-to-herbs-and-dietary-supplements-online-table-of-case-reports-part-4-of-5
#20
Amy C Brown
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to create an online research summary table of heart toxicity case reports related to dietary supplements (DS; includes herbs). METHODS: Documented PubMed case reports of DS appearing to contribute to heart-related problems were used to create a "Toxic Table" that summarized the research (1966 to April, 2016, and cross-referencing). Keywords included "herb," "dietary supplement," and cardiac terms. Case reports were excluded if they were herb combinations (some exceptions), Chinese herb mixtures, teas of mixed herb contents, mushrooms, poisonous plants, self-harm (e...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
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