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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443858/measurement-of-compensatory-reserve-predicts-racial-differences-in-tolerance-to-simulated-hemorrhage-in-women
#1
Megan M Wenner, Kumba Adia Hinds, Jeffrey T Howard, Corinne D Nawn, Nina S Stachenfeld, Victor A Convertino
BACKGROUND: The measurement of Compensatory Reserve (CRM) has been established to accurately measure the body's total integrated capacity to compensate for physiological states of reduced central blood volume, and predict hemodynamic decompensation associated with inadequate tissue oxygenation. We previously demonstrated that African American (AA) women have a higher tolerance to reductions in central blood volume. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that the CRM would identify racial differences during simulated hemorrhage, prior to the onset of traditional signs/symptoms...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441344/implementation-of-a-sustainable-training-system-for-emergency-in-vietnam
#2
REVIEW
Sunjoo Kang, Hyejin Seo, Binh Duy Ho, Phuong Thi Anh Nguyen
Purpose: This study analyzed the project outcomes to share lessons regarding the development of an emergency medicine education system in Vietnam. Methods: Retrospective evaluation was implemented using project outcome indicators. Results: A total of 13 training courses were administered, with the collaboration of international experts in Korea and Vietnam. A total of 23 kinds of emergency medicine education equipment were purchased, and a basic life support (BLS) and two advanced cardiac life support labs were remodeled to provide appropriate simulation training...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440909/clinical-characteristics-patterns-of-lipid-lowering-medication-use-and-health-care-resource-utilization-and-costs-among-patients-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Thomas P Power, Xuehua Ke, Zhenxiang Zhao, Nicole Gidaya Bonine, Mark J Cziraky, Michael Grabner, John J Barron, Ralph Quimbo, Burkhard Vangerow, Peter P Toth
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate real-world patient characteristics, medication use, and health care resource utilization (HCRU) and costs among patients with clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) as defined by 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines, to examine burden of disease and unmet needs, such as potential undertreatment. Patients and methods: This retrospective cohort study utilized a nationally representative managed care database to identify newly diagnosed ASCVD patients between January 1, 2007, and November 30, 2012 (index = first ASCVD diagnosis date) in the USA...
2018: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440193/american-heart-association-precision-medicine-platform
#4
Taha A Kass-Hout, Laura M Stevens, Jennifer L Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437116/cardiovascular-disease-and-breast-cancer-where-these-entities-intersect-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#5
REVIEW
Laxmi S Mehta, Karol E Watson, Ana Barac, Theresa M Beckie, Vera Bittner, Salvador Cruz-Flores, Susan Dent, Lavanya Kondapalli, Bonnie Ky, Tochukwu Okwuosa, Ileana L Piña, Annabelle Santos Volgman
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of mortality in women, yet many people perceive breast cancer to be the number one threat to women's health. CVD and breast cancer have several overlapping risk factors, such as obesity and smoking. Additionally, current breast cancer treatments can have a negative impact on cardiovascular health (eg, left ventricular dysfunction, accelerated CVD), and for women with pre-existing CVD, this might influence cancer treatment decisions by both the patient and the provider...
February 1, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434458/assessing-heart-rate-variability-as-a-surrogate-measure-of-cardiac-autonomic-function-in-chronic-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Rasha El-Kotob, B Catharine Craven, Sunita Mathur, David S Ditor, Paul Oh, Masae Miyatani, Mary C Verrier
Background: Although cardiac autonomic dysfunction is a contributing factor for cardiovascular disease development in individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI), it remains poorly understood. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis has the potential to non-invasively assess the cardiac autonomic nervous system. The study objectives are (a) to determine if there are differences in HRV measures across neurological level of impairment (NLI) and American Spinal Cord Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) subgroups, and (b) to determine if there is a relationship between HRV frequency measures (low frequency [LF] and high frequency [HF]) at rest...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432605/an-enduring-health-risk-of-childhood-adversity-earlier-more-severe-and-longer-lasting-work-disability-in-adult-life
#7
Sarah B Laditka, James N Laditka
Objectives: Childhood adversity has been linked with adult health problems. We hypothesized that childhood adversity would also be associated with work limitations due to physical or nervous health problems, known as work disability. Method: With data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) (1968-2013; n=6,045; 82,374 transitions; 129,107 person-years) and the 2014 PSID Childhood Retrospective Circumstances Study, we estimated work disability transition probabilities with multinomial logistic Markov models...
February 8, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432134/cardiovascular-risk-and-the-american-dream-life-course-observations-from-the-bhs-bogalusa-heart-study
#8
Benjamin D Pollock, Emily W Harville, Katherine T Mills, Wan Tang, Wei Chen, Lydia A Bazzano
BACKGROUND: Economic literature shows that a child's future earnings are predictably influenced by parental income, providing an index of "socioeconomic mobility," or the ability of a person to move towards a higher socioeconomic status from childhood to adulthood. We adapted this economic paradigm to examine cardiovascular risk mobility (CRM), or whether there is life course mobility in relative cardiovascular risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants from the BHS (Bogalusa Heart Study) with 1 childhood and 1 adult visit from 1973 to 2016 (n=7624) were considered...
February 6, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431658/global-impact-of-2017-american-heart-association-american-college-of-cardiology-hypertension-guidelines-a-perspective-from-india
#9
Gurpreet S Wander, C Venkata S Ram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431657/global-impact-of-2017-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-hypertension-guidelines-a-perspective-from-china
#10
Ji-Guang Wang, Lisheng Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431656/global-impact-of-2017-american-heart-association-american-college-of-cardiology-hypertension-guidelines-a-perspective-from-japan
#11
Kazuomi Kario
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431507/high-amounts-of-sitting-low-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-low-physical-activity-levels-3-key-ingredients-in-the-recipe-for-influencing-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence
#12
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: Limited research has evaluated the independent and additive associations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), sedentary behavior (SB), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with metabolic syndrome, which was the purpose of this study. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2004. SAMPLE: Three hundred seven adults aged 20 to 49 years. MEASURES: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and SB were assessed via accelerometer, whereas CRF was assessed via submaximal treadmill testing...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428052/heart-score-and-stress-test-emergency-department-bayesian-decision-scheme-results-from-the-acute-care-diagnostic-collaboration
#13
Naureen Farook, L Cochon, A D Bode, B P Langer, A A Baez
BACKGROUND: Accurate identification of patients at risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) places a substantial burden on emergency physicians (EPs). Bayesian nomogram for risk stratification in low- to intermediate-risk cardiovascular patients has not been investigated previously. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a comparative diagnostic model using Bayesian statistics for exercise treadmill test (ETT) and stress echocardiogram (ECHO) to calculate post-test diagnostic risk of MACE using HEART (history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, and troponin) risk score as predictor of pretest probability...
February 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427769/ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-the-southern-cone-of%C3%A2-latin-america
#14
P Seron, V Irazola, A Rubinstein, M Calandrelli, J Ponzo, H Olivera, L Gutierrez, N Elorriaga, R Poggio, F Lanas
OBJECTIVE: The American Heart Association developed the concept of 'Ideal Cardiovascular Health', which is based on the presence of ideal levels across seven health factors. The goal of this study is to assess the prevalence of Ideal Cardiovascular Health in the Southern Cone of Latin America. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis as part of CESCAS I cohort. METHODS: This report included 5458 participants aged between 35 and 75 years who were selected using stratified multistage probability sampling in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay...
February 7, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427767/an-assessment-of-the-relationship-of-physical-activity-obesity-and-chronic-diseases-conditions-between-active-obese-and-sedentary-normal-weight-american-women-in-a-national-sample
#15
J R Pharr, C A Coughenour, T J Bungum
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and physical inactivity are associated with increased rates of chronic diseases and conditions. However, the 'fit but fat' theory posits that cardiopulmonary fitness (or physical activity) can mitigate risks to health associated with obesity. The purpose of this study was to compare chronic diseases and conditions of highly active/obese women with inactive/normal weight women. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data...
February 7, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427252/comparison-of-measures-of-adiposity-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-african-american-adults-the-jackson-heart-study
#16
Ronny A Bell, Haiying Chen, Santiago Saldana, Alain G Bertoni, Valery S Effoe, Kristen G Hairston, Rita R Kalyani, Arnita F Norwood
Obesity, particularly central adiposity, is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Waist circumference (WC) is measured in numerous epidemiologic studies as a relatively simple indicator of central adiposity. However, recently, investigators have considered a measure that takes height into consideration, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) as a more sensitive predictor of CVD. A limited number of studies have examined the association between various measures of central adiposity and obesity with CVD, but there is a dearth of information on this topic focused specifically on African American adults...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427203/cardiovascular-disease-incidence-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Theresa H M Keegan, Lawrence H Kushi, Qian Li, Ann Brunson, X Chawla, Helen K Chew, Marcio Malogolowkin, Ted Wun
PURPOSE: Few population-based studies have focused on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in adolescent and young adult (AYA; 15-39 years) cancer survivors and none have considered whether CVD risk differs by sociodemographic factors. METHODS: Analyses focused on 79,176 AYA patients diagnosed with 14 first primary cancers in 1996-2012 and surviving > 2 years after diagnosis with follow-up through 2014. Data were obtained from the California Cancer Registry and State hospital discharge data...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423261/prognosis-of-patients-with-apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension-a-feasibility-study
#18
Peter Hayes, Hannah Kielty, Monica Casey, Liam G Glynn, Gerard J Molloy, Hannah Durand, John Newell, Andrew W Murphy
Background: Most cases of hypertension can be effectively treated with lifestyle changes together with medications, but within this population lies a group with more difficult to treat hypertension-those with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH). The American Heart Association and the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence have both highlighted the need for further research into the prognosis of patients with resistant hypertension, both apparent and true. Methods: In 16 practices affiliated to a university research network, 646 patients had been identified with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422726/audit-of-postoperative-surgical-intensive-care-unit-admissions
#19
Shaili K Patel, Samir M Kacheriwala, Dipesh D Duttaroy
Objective: The objective of this study was to conduct an audit of Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) for identifying the admission risk factors and evaluating the outcomes of postoperative surgical patients. Design: This was a prospective, observational study. Setting: This study was conducted at SICU of a 1500-bedded tertiary care university hospital in Western India. Subject and Methods: Two hundred and forty patients admitted to the SICU postoperatively over a period of 15 months...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421014/use-of-echocardiography-in-outpatients-with-chest-pain-and-normal-resting-electrocardiograms-referred-to-mayo-clinic-rochester
#20
Raymond J Gibbons, Damita Carryer, Hongfang Liu, Peter A Brady, John Wells Askew, David Hodge, Naser Ammash, Jon O Ebbert, Veronique L Roger
OBJECTIVES: To determine how often unnecessary resting echocardiograms that are "not recommended" by clinical practice guidelines are performed in patients with stable chest pain and normal resting electrocardiograms (ECGs). BACKGROUND: There are scant data to indicate how often Class III recommendations are ignored in clinical practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched electronically all medical records of referral outpatients seen at Mayo Clinic Rochester from January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2013, to identify patients with stable chest pain and known or suspected coronary artery disease who underwent resting echocardiography and had normal resting ECGs and no other indication for echocardiography...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
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