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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471559/the-effect-of-national-service-on-metabolic-control-weight-status-and-incidence-of-acute-diabetes-complications-in-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Avivit Brener, Eran Mel, Shlomit Shalitin, Liora Lazar, Liat de Vries, Ariel Tenenbaum, Tal Oron, Alon Farfel, Moshe Phillip, Yael Lebenthal
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are exempt from conscript military service, but some volunteer for national service. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of national service (military or civil) on metabolic control and incidence of acute diabetes complications in young adults with T1D. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data of 145 T1D patients were retrieved from medical records. The cohort comprised 76 patients volunteering for national service and 69 non-volunteers...
July 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463832/outcomes-of-endovascular-thrombectomy-with-and-without-thrombolysis-for-acute-large-artery-ischaemic-stroke-at-a-tertiary-stroke-centre
#2
Chee-Keong Wee, William McAuliffe, Constantine C Phatouros, Timothy J Phillips, David Blacker, Tejinder P Singh, Ellen Baker, Graeme J Hankey
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) improves the functional outcome when added to best medical therapy, including alteplase, in patients with acute ischaemic stroke secondary to large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the anterior circulation. However, the evidence for EVT in alteplase-ineligible patients is less compelling. It is also uncertain whether alteplase is necessary in patients with successful recanalization by EVT, as the treatment effect of EVT may be so powerful that bridging alteplase may not add to efficacy and may compromise safety by increasing bleeding risks...
May 2, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431745/mental-health-care-in-athens-are-compulsory-admissions-in-greece-a-one-way-road
#3
Stelios Stylianidis, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Nektarios Drakonakis, Athanasios Douzenis, Aimilia Panagou, Kyriaki Tsikou, Amalia Pantazi, Yannis Rizavas, Benedetto Saraceno
Involuntary hospitalization has long been a contentious issue worldwide. In Greece, the frequency of compulsory admissions is assumed to be alarmingly high; however, no study has systematically investigated this issue. In line with this, the present study aims to estimate the frequency of compulsory admissions in a psychiatric hospital and to explore its underpinnings. All individuals who were admitted to the Psychiatric Hospital of Attica during June-October 2011 were included into the study. Information about their socio-demographic and clinical characteristics as well as their previous contact with mental health services was obtained from interviewing the patient and his/her physician...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414479/group-education-sessions-for-women-veterans-who-experienced-sexual-violence-qualitative-findings
#4
Joanna Dognin, Erica Sedlander, Melanie Jay, Veronica Ades
INTRODUCTION: The impact of sexual violence (SV) on mental health, self-care, and interpersonal relationships is profound and poses special challenges to health care delivery. Reproductive health care merits special attention because the care required may be linked to reminders of past abuse. We explored facilitators and barriers affecting the use of reproductive health services among women veterans with a history of SV. METHOD: Between June and September 2015, we conducted 2 focus groups and 3 general education sessions with 27 female veterans with a history of SV at 1 medical center...
April 17, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407989/prevalence-of-calcified-carotid-artery-atheromas-on-digital%C3%A2-panoramic-images-among-perimenopausal-and%C3%A2-postmenopausal-african-american-women
#5
Nona Aghazadehsanai, Tina I Chang, Neal R Garrett, Arthur H Friedlander
OBJECTIVE: Health care disparities, often of an obscure nature, result in African American women (AAw) having enhanced risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Therefore, we sought to determine the prevalence of calcified carotid artery atheromas (CCAA), a validated risk indicator of these events, on their digital panoramic images. STUDY DESIGN: Comprehensive electronic medical records and digital panoramic images of self-identified AAw aged ≥45 years treated between 2007 and 2014 were retrieved from a Veterans Affairs Dental Service...
May 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383618/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-italian-deinstitutionalized-psychiatric-patients
#6
D Corridore, F Guerra, C La Marra, D Di Thiene, L Ottolenghi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to investigate the oral health status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL, measured with OHIP- 14) in psychiatric patients assisted by the unique Italian mental health care system, in accordance to regulatory Law 180/78. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic and medical variables were retrieved from institutional medical records. General health and oral health variables, oral health-related behavior and last dental contact were recorded...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374489/improving-medical-record-retrieval-for-validation-studies-in-medicare-data
#7
Nicole C Wright, Elizabeth S Delzell, Wilson K Smith, Fei Xue, Tarun Auroa, Jeffrey R Curtis
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to describe medical record retrieval for a study validating claims-based algorithms used to identify seven adverse events of special interest (AESI) in a Medicare population. METHODS: We analyzed 2010-2011 Medicare claims of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis and men ≥65 years of age in the Medicare 5% national sample. The final cohorts included beneficiaries covered continuously for 12+ months by Medicare parts A, B, and D and not enrolled in Medicare Advantage before starting follow-up...
April 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228138/current-management-practices-for-patients-presenting-with-low-back-pain-to-a-large-emergency-department-in-canada
#8
Matthew L Nunn, Jill A Hayden, Kirk Magee
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the leading causes of disability. Presentations to the emergency department (ED) are common and consume significant healthcare resources. However, treatment of patients with LBP is variable and highly physician dependent. Our study objective was to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients presenting to the ED with LBP, the diagnostic strategies employed by ED physicians, and the subsequent management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using clinical and electronic health data at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Science Center's Charles V...
February 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213047/the-effect-of-combined-aspirin-and-clopidogrel-treatment-on-cancer-incidence
#9
Avi Leader, Ravit Zelikson-Saporta, David Pereg, Galia Spectre, Uri Rozovski, Pia Raanani, Doron Hermoni, Michael Lishner
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have shown an association between aspirin treatment and a reduction in newly diagnosed cancer. Conversely, there are conflicting clinical and laboratory data regarding the effect of combined clopidogrel and aspirin therapy on cancer incidence, including analyses suggesting an increased cancer risk. No large scale cohort study has been performed to address this issue in a heterogeneous real-world scenario. We investigated the effect of clopidogrel and aspirin on cancer incidence compared to aspirin alone and no antiplatelet therapy...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104042/electronic-health-records-and-online-medical-records-an-asset-or-a-liability-under-current-conditions
#10
Judith Allen-Graham, Lauren Mitchell, Natalie Heriot, Roksana Armani, David Langton, Michele Levinson, Alan Young, Julian A Smith, Tom Kotsimbos, John W Wilson
Objective The aim of the present study was to audit the current use of medical records to determine completeness and concordance with other sources of medical information.Methods Medical records for 40 patients from each of five Melbourne major metropolitan hospitals were randomly selected (n=200). A quantitative audit was performed for detailed patient information and medical record keeping, as well as data collection, storage and utilisation. Using each hospital's current online clinical database, scanned files and paperwork available for each patient audited, the reviewers sourced as much relevant information as possible within a 30-min time allocation from both the record and the discharge summary...
January 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091441/process-and-outcome-measures-of-quality-of-care-at-the-diabetes-outpatient-clinic-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#11
J O Adeleye, M A Kuti
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess the quality of care provided at a diabetes outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital in Nigeria using quality indicators approved by the National Diabetes Quality Improvement Alliance (NDQIA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients who had visited the clinic at least two times within a 12 months period preceding the index visit were reviewed during a 5 month period. Process measure indicators, approved by the NDQIA (evaluating the functioning of the clinic) and outcome measures, published by the American Diabetes Association, (evaluating the health status of the attending patients) were retrieved from the medical records...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045940/applying-the-integrated-practice-unit-concept-to-a-modified-virtual-ward-model-of-care-for-patients-at-highest-risk-of-readmission-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Lian Leng Low, Shu Yun Tan, Matthew Joo Ming Ng, Wei Yi Tay, Lee Beng Ng, Kanchana Balasubramaniam, Rachel Marie Towle, Kheng Hock Lee
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence from the virtual ward care model showed that multidisciplinary case management are inadequate to reduce readmissions or death for high risk patients. There is consensus that interventions should encompass both pre-hospital discharge and post-discharge transitional care to be effective. Integrated practice units (IPU) had been proposed as an approach of restructuring the organization and work processes of multidisciplinary teams to achieve value in healthcare...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993163/aiming-to-improve-readmissions-through-integrated-hospital-transitions-airtight-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Andrew McWilliams, Jason Roberge, Charity G Moore, Avery Ashby, Whitney Rossman, Stephanie Murphy, Stephannie McCall, Ryan Brown, Shannon Carpenter, Scott Rissmiller, Scott Furney
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmissions remain highly prevalent despite being the target of policies and financial penalties. Evidence comparing the effectiveness and costs of interventions to reduce readmissions is lacking, leaving healthcare systems with little guidance on how to improve quality and avoid costly penalties. Effective interventions likely need to bridge inpatient and outpatient settings, incorporate information technology, and use dedicated providers. Such complex innovations will require rigorous evaluation...
December 19, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925849/development-and-prospective-federal-state-wide-evaluation-of-a-device-for-height-based-dose-recommendations-in-prehospital-pediatric-emergencies-a-simple-tool-to-prevent-most-severe-drug-errors
#14
Jost Kaufmann, Bernhard Roth, Thomas Engelhardt, Alex Lechleuthner, Michael Laschat, Christoph Hadamitzky, Frank Wappler, Martin Hellmich
OBJECTIVE: Drug dosing errors pose a particular threat to children in prehospital emergency care. With the Pediatric emergency ruler (PaedER), we developed a simple height-based dose recommendation system and evaluated its effectiveness in a pre-post interventional trial as the Ethics Committee disapproved randomization due to the expected positive effect of the PaedER on outcome. METHODS: Pre-interventional data were retrospectively retrieved from the electronic records and medical protocols of the Cologne Emergency Medical Service over a two-year period prior to the introduction of the PaedER...
December 7, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899532/long-term-management-for-ventilator-assisted-children-in-hong-kong-2-decades-experience
#15
Shuk-Kuen Chau, Ada Wing-Yan Yung, So-Lun Lee
BACKGROUND: The population of children receiving long-term mechanical ventilation is growing worldwide, but only limited data exist in Asian regions. The objective of the study was to review the management of these children in Hong Kong over the past 2 decades. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Hospital records from subjects receiving mechanical ventilation for >3 months were retrieved. Demographic characteristics and medical information of subjects (≤21 y old) under the care of the ventilator program at the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital between 1997 and 2015 were reviewed...
January 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880969/the-prevalence-of-cruciate-ligament-and-meniscus-knee-injury-in-young-adults-and-associations-with-gender-body-mass-index-and-height-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#16
Ran Thein, Oded Hershkovich, Barak Gordon, Gideon Burstein, Shay Tenebaum, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamis, Arnon Afek, Yitshak Kreiss
Anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal injuries are associated with secondary osteoarthrosis which may lead to functional impairment and economic burden. The prevalence of knee injury has not been studied in depth. Our purpose was to report the prevalence of knee ligament and meniscal injuries and their associations with gender, body mass index (BMI), and height in young adults and to characterize individuals with meniscal injuries who gained full recovery. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880790/integrating-maternal-and-children-s-oral-health-promotion-into-nursing-and-midwifery-practice-a-systematic-review
#17
Reham Abou El Fadl, Mitch Blair, Sondus Hassounah
BACKGROUND: Globally, oral diseases contribute to major disease problems and oral health disparities persistently exist amongst vulnerable population groups. Two contributory factors to these challenges are the shortage of dental practitioners and the characteristic separation between the medical and dental professions. Nurses and midwives, in particular, are in a potentially excellent position to assist in basic oral health services such as dental health education and intraoral screening...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865754/perinatal-nurse-home-visiting-referral-patterns-among-women-with-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-philadelphia
#18
Joan R Bloch, Susan Zupan, Amy E McKeever, Jennifer L Barkin
OBJECTIVE: To examine access to perinatal nurse home visiting services for high-risk pregnant women who have diabetes or hypertension. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis. SETTING: Philadelphia, PA. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women who had a live birth during 2012 and those referred to a community-based agency for perinatal nurse home visiting because of their diagnosis of diabetes or hypertension. METHODS: Access to services was measured by examining referral information (dosage, diagnosis, gestational age at time of referral, and insurance type) retrieved from administrative logs of the community-based organization that provides perinatal home visiting to high-risk pregnant women...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835964/a-systematic-review-on-current-status-of-health-technology-reassessment-insights-for-south-korea
#19
REVIEW
Hyun-Ju Seo, Ji Jeong Park, Seon Heui Lee
BACKGROUND: To systematically investigate the current status and methodology of health technology reassessment (HTR) in various countries to draw insights for the healthcare system in South Korea. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted on the articles published between January 2000 and February 2015 on Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and PubMed. The titles and abstracts of retrieved records were screened and selected by two independent reviewers...
November 11, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833248/genital-prolapse-a-5-year-review-at-federal-medical-centre-umuahia-southeastern-nigeria
#20
Obinna Izuchukwu Oraekwe, Maduabuchi Amagh Udensi, Kelechi Chiemela Nwachukwu, Uka Kalu Okali
BACKGROUND: Genital prolapse is an important cause of morbidity among postmenopausal and multiparous women especially in our environment where a high premium is placed on large family size. This study was done to determine the prevalence, risk factors, clinical presentation, and management options of genital prolapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of those diagnosed with genital prolapse were retrieved from records in the clinic, wards, theater, and from patients' folders in the medical records department...
September 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
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