keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical Record

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110518/low-rates-of-predominant-breastfeeding-in-hospital-after-gestational-diabetes-particularly-among-indigenous-women-in-australia
#1
Catherine R Chamberlain, Alyce N Wilson, Lisa H Amir, Kerin O'Dea, Sandra Campbell, Dympna Leonard, Rebecca Ritte, Mary Mulcahy, Sandra Eades, Rory Wolfe
OBJECTIVES: To investigate rates of 'any' and 'predominant' breastfeeding in hospital among Indigenous and non-Indigenous women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A retrospective study of singleton infants born from July 2007 to December 2010 at Cairns Hospital, Australia, following GDM pregnancy, using linked hospital and birth data (n=617 infants), with a subsample of medical record reviews (n=365 infants). Aggregate data were used to compare to breastfeeding rates among infants born following non-GDM pregnancy (n=7,894 infants)...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110415/antimicrobial-combination-treatment-including-ciprofloxacin-decreased-the-mortality-rate-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bacteraemia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
M Paulsson, A Granrot, J Ahl, J Tham, F Resman, K Riesbeck, F Månsson
Ineffective antimicrobial therapy of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia increases mortality. Recent studies have proposed the use of antimicrobial combination therapy composed of a beta-lactam with either ciprofloxacin or tobramycin. To determine if combination therapy correlates to lower mortality and is superior compared to monotherapy, we investigated the effect of antimicrobial treatment regimens on 30-day mortality in a cohort with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia. All cases of P. aeruginosa bacteraemia (n = 292) in southwest Skåne County, Sweden (years 2005-2010, adult population 361,112) and the whole county (2011-2012, 966,130) were identified...
January 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110057/real-life-outcomes-for-patients-with-asthma-prescribed-spacers-for-use-with-either-extrafine-or-fine-particle-inhaled-corticosteroids
#3
Theresa W Guilbert, Gene Colice, Jonathan Grigg, Wim van Aalderen, Richard J Martin, Elliot Israel, Dirkje S Postma, Nicolas Roche, Wanda Phipatanakul, Elizabeth V Hillyer, Jennifer M Evans, Myrna B Dolovich, David B Price
BACKGROUND: Spacers are often used with pressurized metered-dose inhalers (pMDIs) to eliminate the need for coordinating inhalation with actuation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the real-life effectiveness of spacers prescribed for use with either extrafine- or fine-particle inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs). METHODS: This historical matched cohort study examined anonymous medical record data over 2 years (1-year baseline, 1-year outcome) for patients with asthma aged 12 to 80 years initiating ICSs by pMDI with or without prescribed spacer...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110055/adverse-and-hypersensitivity-reactions-to-prescription-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-agents-in-a-large-health-care-system
#4
Kimberly G Blumenthal, Kenneth H Lai, Mingshu Huang, Zachary S Wallace, Paige G Wickner, Li Zhou
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most frequently used medications in the United States. NSAID use can be limited by adverse drug reactions (ADRs), including hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to use electronic health record data to determine the incidence and predictors of HSRs to prescription NSAIDs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all adult outpatients in a large health care system prescribed diclofenac, indomethacin, nabumetone, or piroxicam between January 1, 2004, and September 30, 2012...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110051/reliability-of-self-reported-recent-antibiotic-use-among-the-general-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Béatrice Demore, Diane Le Govic, Nathalie Thilly, Jean-Marc Boivin, Céline Pulcini
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the reliability of self-reported recent antibiotic use, including ability to name the antibiotic, among pharmacy customers from the general population. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study of adults took place in pharmacies in northeastern France from January to April 2016. Participants were asked if they had used any antibiotics in the preceding four months and if so, to name them. Their reports were compared with an electronic pharmacy dispensing record listing all of the medication dispensed to them in France...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110032/first-experience-open-small-incision-rectus-sheath-approach-renal-transplant-a-case-series
#6
Stephen H Phillips, Sharon K Hill, Lorie D Lipscomb, Joseph B Africa
BACKGROUND: Prevention of wound complications is an important goal in surgery, and reduction of modifiable risks factors are an important step towards protecting patients from further complications. Renal transplantation has sought to be more inclusive giving access to transplantation to complex patient populations, many of which have an increased risk of complications. Surgical techniques continue to advance and may contribute to reducing complications. We hypothesized that the Anterior Rectus Sheath (ARS) Approach would provide an open transplant with minimal damage and less wound complications, including fluid collections such as lymphoceles, when compared to the conventional technique (CON) with equivocal graft function and survival...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109989/low-glycemic-index-treatment-for-seizure-control-in-angelman-syndrome-a-case-series-from-the-center-for-dietary-therapy-of-epilepsy-at-the-massachusetts-general-hospital
#7
Olivia R Grocott, Katherine S Herrington, Heidi H Pfeifer, Elizabeth A Thiele, Ronald L Thibert
The low glycemic index treatment, a dietary therapy that focuses on glycemic index and reduced carbohydrate intake, has been successful in reducing seizure frequency in the general epilepsy population. Epilepsy is a common feature of Angelman syndrome and seizures are often refractory to multiple medications, especially in those with maternal deletions. Dietary therapy has become a more frequently used option for treating epilepsy, often in combination with other antiepileptic drugs, due to its efficacy and favorable side effect profile...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109983/the-clinical-and-neurobehavioral-course-of-down-syndrome-and-dementia-with-or-without-new-onset-epilepsy
#8
Taha Gholipour, Sara Mitchell, Rani A Sarkis, Zeina Chemali
BACKGROUND: Adult patients with Down syndrome (DS) are at higher risk of developing Alzheimer-type dementia and epilepsy. The relationship between developing dementia and the risk of developing seizures in DS is poorly characterized to date. In addition, treatment response and medication tolerability have not been rigorously studied. METHODS: We identified 220 patients with a diagnosis of DS and dementia. Those without a history of developing seizures (DD) were compared to patients with new-onset seizures (DD+S) after the age of 35...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109939/peripheral-venous-catheter-insertion-simulation-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-performance-after-instructor-led-teaching-versus-peer-assisted-learning
#9
Sophie Pelloux, Arnaud Grégoire, Patrice Kirmizigul, Sandrine Maillot, Bernard Bui-Xuan, Guy Llorca, Sylvain Boet, Jean-Jacques Lehot, Thomas Rimmelé
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral venous catheter insertion is a procedural skill that every medical student should master. Training is often limited to a small number of students and is poorly evaluated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of peer-assisted learning in comparison to instructor-led teaching for peripheral venous catheter insertion training. METHODS: Students were randomized to the control group attending a traditional instructor-led training session (slideshow and demonstration by an anaesthetist instructor, followed by training on a procedural simulator) or to the test group attending a peer-assisted training session (slideshow and demonstration video-recorded by the same instructor, followed by training on a procedural simulator...
January 18, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109760/effectiveness-of-constrained-liner-use-during-harrington-hip-reconstruction-in-oncology-patient
#10
Deren T Bagsby, L Daniel Wurtz
BACKGROUND: Patients with destructive acetabular lesions are at high risk for morbidity. Harrington described reinforcing acetabular diseased bone with methylmethacrylate, supplemented by metal fixation, to allow total hip reconstruction. However, all published studies using this technique report dislocations. We believe that initial use of constrained liners would help alleviate dislocation risk, without increasing component loosening or polyethylene wear. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients who underwent Harrington hip arthroplasties for metastatic cancer from August 2005 to March 2015 were identified...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109500/is-routine-audiometric-testing-necessary-for-children-with-isolated-preauricular-lesions
#11
Grace T Wu, Conor Devine, Allen Xu, Katie Geelan-Hansen, Samantha Anne
INTRODUCTION: Preauricular lesions, including tags, pits, sinuses, and cysts are commonly seen. Some studies have shown increased incidence of hearing loss in these patients but other studies have failed to corroborate this finding. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the incidence of hearing loss in patients with isolated preauricular lesions. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all pediatric otolaryngology patients seen at a tertiary academic center between 2008 and 2014...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109495/swallowing-function-in-pediatric-patients-with-bilateral-vocal-fold-immobility
#12
Jeffrey Hsu, Kathleen M Tibbetts, Derek Wu, Michel Nassar, Melin Tan
INTRODUCTION: Infants with bilateral vocal fold immobility (BVFI) often have poor swallow function in addition to potential airway compromise. While there are several reports on BVFI and its effect on patients' airway status, little is known about long term swallow function. OBJECTIVES: We aim to characterize the swallowing function over time in pediatric patients with bilateral vocal fold immobility. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of infants diagnosed with BVFI at a tertiary care children's hospital between 2005 and 2014 was conducted...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109482/prevalence-and-independent-risk-factors-for-hearing-impairment-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#13
Chien-Ho Wang, Chang-Yo Yang, Reyin Lien, Shih-Ming Chu, Jen-Fu Hsu, Ren-Huei Fu, Ming-Chou Chiang
BACKGROUND: Although we've made big strides in perinatal and neonatal care, auditory handicap remains a serious complication in those who were born very premature. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine the prevalence and analyze possible risk factors of hearing impairment in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study by reviewing medical records of all VLBW infants (BW ≤ 1500 g) admitted to NICU of Chang Gung Children's Hospital over 2 years period from Jan...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109259/unfavourable-risk-factor-control-after-coronary-events-in-routine-clinical-practice
#14
Elise Sverre, Kari Peersen, Einar Husebye, Erik Gjertsen, Lars Gullestad, Torbjørn Moum, Jan Erik Otterstad, Toril Dammen, John Munkhaugen
BACKGROUND: Risk factor control after a coronary event in a recent European multi-centre study was inadequate. Patient selection from academic centres and low participation rate, however, may underscore failing risk factor control in routine clinical practice. Improved understanding of the patient factors that influence risk factor control is needed to improve secondary preventive strategies. The objective of the present paper was to determine control of the major risk factors in a coronary population from routine clinical practice, and how risk factor control was influenced by the study factors age, gender, number of coronary events, and time since the index event...
January 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109255/the-effect-of-the-xpert-mtb-rif-test-on-the-time-to-mdr-tb-treatment-initiation-in-a-rural-setting-a-cohort-study-in-south-africa-s-eastern-cape-province
#15
Joshua Iruedo, Don O'Mahony, Sikhumbuzo Mabunda, Graham Wright, Busisiwe Cawe
BACKGROUND: There are significant delays in initiation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR -TB) treatment. The Xpert MTB/RIF test has been shown to reduce the time to diagnosis and treatment of MDR-TB predominantly in urban centres. This study describes the time to treatment of MDR-TB and the effect of Xpert MTB/RIF on time to treatment in a deprived rural area in South Africa. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study analysing the medical records of patients diagnosed with MDR-TB in King Sabata Dalindyebo Sub-District between 2009 and 2014...
January 21, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109160/antibiotics-for-infection-prevention-after-excision-of-the-cervical-transformation-zone
#16
REVIEW
Chumnan Kietpeerakool, Bandit Chumworathayi, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Butsakorn Ussahgij, Pisake Lumbiganon
BACKGROUND: Excision of the transformation zone of the cervix is the most commonly used approach to treat cervical precancerous lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)) to reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer. As the excision of the transformation zone leaves a raw area on the cervix, there is a risk of infection following the procedure. The incidence of infection after cold knife conization (CKC) is 36%, whereas the incidence for large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ, also known as loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP)) is much lower (0...
January 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108958/biocompatibility-study-of-three-distinct-carbon-pastes-for-application-as-electrode-material-in-neural-stimulations-and-recordings
#17
Melinda Varga, Paul Wolff, Klaus-Juergen Wolter
Neural interfaces hold great promise for research and treatment of a wide variety of neurological diseases. Medical electrodes are designed to interface with the nervous system and provide control signals for neural prostheses. We fabricated previously a hook-up neural electrode. Here we investigate the in vitro cytotoxicity of three commercial carbon pastes used for printing the conductor tracks of this electrode. At first, the carbon pastes were characterized with respect to their microstructure and chemical composition...
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108941/factors-associated-with-emergency-department-useamong-veteran-psychiatric-patients
#18
Daniel M Blonigen, Kathryn S Macia, Xiaoyu Bi, Paola Suarez, Luisa Manfredi, Todd H Wagner
Frequent utilization of emergency department (ED) services contributes substantially to the cost of healthcare nationally and is often driven by psychiatric factors. Using national-level data from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), the present study examined patient-level factors associated with ED use among veteran psychiatric patients. Veterans who had at least one ED visit with a psychiatric diagnosis in fiscal years 2011-2012 (n = 226,122) were identified in VHA administrative records. Andersen's behavioral model of healthcare utilization was used to identify need, enabling, and predisposing factors associated with frequency of ED use (primary outcome) in multivariate regression models...
January 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108819/preemptive-treatment-with-xonrid%C3%A2-a-medical-device-to-reduce-radiation-induced-dermatitis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-receiving-curative-treatment-a-pilot-study
#19
Nicola Alessandro Iacovelli, Simona Naimo, Francesca Bonfantini, Anna Cavallo, Paolo Bossi, Carlo Fallai, Emanuele Pignoli, Salvatore Alfieri, Cristiana Bergamini, Federica Favales, Ester Orlandi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate efficacy, safety and tolerability of Xonrid®, a new medical device, in preventing radiation dermatitis associated with head and neck cancer (HNC) radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: In this monocentric, prospective pilot study, adult consecutive HNC patients who were planned to receive curative RT with or without chemotherapy were enrolled. Patients were instructed to apply Xonrid® on the irradiated area during treatment continuing until 2 weeks after the completion of RT or the development of severe skin toxicity...
January 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108797/diagnostic-utility-of-intravenous-contrast-for-mr-imaging-in-pediatric-appendicitis
#20
Gray R Lyons, Pooja Renjen, Gulce Askin, Ashley E Giambrone, Debra Beneck, Arzu Kovanlikaya
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly employed as a diagnostic modality for suspected appendicitis in children. However, there is uncertainty as to which MRI sequences are sufficient for safe, timely and accurate diagnosis. Several recent studies have described different MRI protocols, including exams both with and without the use of intravenous contrast. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that intravenous contrast may be useful in some patients but could be safely omitted in others...
January 21, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
keyword
keyword
100151
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"