Read by QxMD icon Read

y-box binding protein 1

N Zhao, L Mi, X J Zhang, M Y Xu, H Y Yu, Z W Liu, X J Liu, G C Guan, W Gao, J K Wang
MicroRNA 711 (miR-711) levels in the heart change dynamically after myocardial infarction (MI). As peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) can upregulate miR-711 in adipocytes and cardiac fibroblasts, this study examined the precise mechanism of PPARγ-mediated miR-711 upregulation and its role in the heart in the early stages after MI. In a rat model of MI induced by left anterior descending coronary artery ligation, immunohistochemical and western blot analyses revealed increased PPARγ expression in cardiomyocyte nuclei after MI...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Xudong Zhao, Wei Zhang, Wenyue Ji
AIM: In this study, we investigated the role of Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1), c-Myb and miR-155 in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) progression. MATERIALS & METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR, western blot, MTT and Transwell were conducted to determine the expression and function of YB-1/miR-155 pathway. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the prognostic factors. RESULTS: Expression of YB-1, c-Myb and miR-155 was higher in LSCC tissues...
March 8, 2018: Future Oncology
Yibo Zhang, Zhiwei Zhang, Wei Ge
Homology-directed recombination (HDR)-mediated genome editing is a powerful approach for both basic functional study and disease modeling. Although some studies have reported HDR-mediated precise editing in non-rodent models, the efficiency of establishing pure mutant animal lines that carry specific amino acid substitutions remains low. Furthermore, because the efficiency of nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ)-induced insertion and deletion (indel) mutations is normally much higher than that of HDR-induced point mutations, it is often difficult to identify the latter in the background of indel mutations...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
E E Alemasova, K N Naumenko, N A Moor, O I Lavrik
Apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites are among the most frequent DNA lesions. The first step in the AP site repair involves the magnesium-dependent enzyme AP endonuclease 1 (APE1) that catalyzes hydrolytic cleavage of the DNA phosphodiester bond at the 5' side of the AP site, thereby generating a single-strand DNA break flanked by the 3'-OH and 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (dRP) groups. Increased APE1 activity in cancer cells might correlate with tumor chemoresistance to DNA-damaging treatment. It has been previously shown that the multifunctional oncoprotein Y-box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) interacts with APE1 and inhibits APE1-catalyzed hydrolysis of AP sites in single-stranded DNAs...
December 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Padmanaban S Suresh, Rie Tsutsumi, Thejaswini Venkatesh
YBX1 (Y box binding protein 1) is an RNA-/DNA-binding multifunctional protein harboring the classical cold shock protein (CSD) domain, an A/P domain, and a long C-terminal domain with alternating positively and negatively charged amino acids. It is a well-established oncogenic transcriptional factor, and regulates apoptosis, translation, cell proliferation, mRNA splicing, repair, differentiation, and stress response. The non-coding transcriptome has added yet another layer of complexity to the YBX1-mediated master regulation of cellular functions...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Cell Biology
Wenyong Long, Wei Zhao, Bo Ning, Jing Huang, Junjun Chu, Linfeng Li, Qianquan Ma, Changsheng Xing, Helen Y Wang, Qing Liu, Rong-Fu Wang
The differentiation status of neuroblastoma (NB) strongly correlates with its clinical outcomes; however, the molecular mechanisms driving maintenance of stemness and differentiation remain poorly understood. Here, we show that plant homeodomain finger-containing protein 20 (PHF20) functions as a critical epigenetic regulator in sustaining stem cell-like phenotype of NB by using CRISPR/Cas9-based targeted knockout (KO) for high-throughput screening of gene function in NB cell differentiation. Expression of PHF20 in NB was significantly associated with high aggressiveness of the tumor and poor outcomes for NB patients...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Yu-Mi Jung, Kyung-Lee Yu, Seong-Hyun Park, Seong-Deok Lee, Min-Jeong Kim, Ji-Chang You
Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a member of the cold-shock domain (CSD) protein superfamily. It participates in a wide variety of cellular events, including transcription, RNA splicing, translation, DNA repair, drug resistance, and stress responses. We investigated putative functions of YB-1 in HIV-1 replication. Functional studies using overexpression or knockdown of YB-1 in conjunction with transfection of proviral DNA showed that YB-1 enhances virus production. We found YB-1 regulates HIV-1 production by stimulating viral transcription using HIV-1 LTR sequence U3RU5 with Luciferase assay...
February 12, 2018: BMB Reports
Megumi Fuke, Makoto Narita, Yuko Wada, Tatsuichiro Seto, Kenji Okada, Jun Nakayama, Hiroto Izumi, Ken-Ichi Ito
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is the most severe complication of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying tissue repair after CLI is necessary for preventing PAD progression. Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) regulates the expression of many genes in response to environmental stresses. We aimed to determine whether YB-1 is involved in ischemic muscle regeneration. A mouse ischemic hind-limb model was generated; namely, the femoral, saphenous, and popliteal arteries in the left hind limb were ligated...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
X Zhang, X Rong, Y Chen, L Su
The malignancy of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) largely results from its invasive manner. Secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) have been recently found to suppress the invasiveness of some cancers. On the other hand, the methylation of SFRPs increases protein degradation to reduce the activity of SFRPs, resulting in increased tumor cell invasion and cancer metastasis. However, the role of SFRPs in the invasion of NSCLC has not been reported. Here we analyzed the regulation of SFRPs in NSCLC cells and its effects on cell invasion...
February 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Vivian Adamski, Annika Hempelmann, Charlotte Flüh, Ralph Lucius, Michael Synowitz, Kirsten Hattermann, Janka Held-Feindt
Cellular dormancy is defined as a state in which cells enter quiescence driven by intrinsic or extrinsic factors, and striking parallels exist between the concept of cellular dormancy in malignancies and the cancer stem cell theory. We showed now that the proven dormancy markers insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 5, ephrin receptor A5 and histone cluster 1 H2B family member K were expressed in human glioblastomas in situ, were located in single tumor cells, and could be co-stained with each other and with the stem cell markers krüppel-like factor 4, octamer binding transcription factor 4 and sex determining region Y-box 2...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
Huiru Liu, Delin Xu, Miao Cui, Tinglong Hou, Qizhong Zhang
A Y-box binding protein ChYB-1 was discovered as a ChHsc70 promoter-associated protein in Crassostrea hongkongensis by DNA-affinity purification and mass spectrometry analysis. The overexpression of ChYB-1 in heterologous HEK293T cells led to clear enhancement of ChHsc70 promoter expression, while ChYB-1 depletion correlated with significant reduction of ChHsc70 transcription in the hemocytes of C. hongkongensis. Quantitative Real-time PCR analysis revealed that both ChHsc70 and ChYB-1 were transcriptionally responsive to external chemical or physical stressors...
December 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Kiyoko Setoguchi, Lin Cui, Nobutaka Hachisuka, Sumalee Obchoei, Kentaro Shinkai, Fuminori Hyodo, Kiyoko Kato, Fumito Wada, Tsuyoshi Yamamoto, Mariko Harada-Shiba, Satoshi Obika, Kenji Nakano
Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1), involved in cancer progression and chemoradiation resistance, is overexpressed in not only cancer cells but also tumor blood vessels. In this study, we investigated the potential value of amido-bridged nucleic acid (AmNA)-modified antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) targeting YB-1 (YB-1 ASOA) as an antiangiogenic cancer therapy. YB-1 ASOA was superior to natural DNA-based ASO or locked nucleic acid (LNA)-modified YB-1 ASO in both knockdown efficiency and safety, the latter assessed by liver function...
December 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
C Ren, X Li, X Li, Y Xie, H Fu, Z Yan, Y Zhu
RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful tool to silence or minimize gene expression, and palate culture in vitro is an important technique for study of the palate development. Our previous study demonstrated that the gene expression of glucose-regulated protein-78 (Grp78) was downregulation in the all-trans retinoic acid-induced mouse models of cleft palate (CP) during embryogenesis. To find the role of Grp78, the small interfering RNA (siRNA) of this gene carried by fluorescent vector was injected with a microinjector, through which about 30 pmol siRNA was injected into the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mouse palate explants...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Mahesh Neupane, Thomas W Geary, Jennifer N Kiser, Gregory W Burns, Peter J Hansen, Thomas E Spencer, Holly L Neibergs
Infertility and subfertility negatively impact the economics and reproductive performance of cattle. Of note, significant pregnancy loss occurs in cattle during the first month of pregnancy, yet little is known about the genetic loci influencing pregnancy success and loss in cattle. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) with large effects associated with early pregnancy loss, Angus crossbred heifers were classified based on day 28 pregnancy outcomes to serial embryo transfer. A genome wide association analysis (GWAA) was conducted comparing 30 high fertility heifers with 100% success in establishing pregnancy to 55 subfertile heifers with 25% or less success...
2017: PloS One
Hongyan Lv, Xianda Wu, Guiru Ma, Lixia Sun, Jianbo Meng, Xiaoning Song, Jinqiao Zhang
MicroRNA (miR)-19a, as an oncomiR, has been studied in several types of cancer; however, its role in the development and progression of multiple myeloma (MM) remains unclear. The present study used a bioinformatics approach to investigate the involvement of miR-19a in MM. miR-19a targets were predicted using target prediction programs, followed by screening for differentially expressed genes in MM. The function of these genes was then annotated using gene ontology term enrichment, signaling pathway enrichment and protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Icaro P Caruso, Vineet Panwalkar, Monika A Coronado, Andrew J Dingley, Marinônio L Cornélio, Dieter Willbold, Raghuvir K Arni, Raphael J Eberle
Cold shock proteins (Csps) function to preserve cell viability at low temperatures by binding to nucleic acids and consequently control gene expression. The mesophilic bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is the causative agent of caseous lymphadenitis in animals, and infection in livestock is a considerable economic burden worldwide. In this report, the structure of cold shock protein A from Cp (Cp-CspA) and biochemical analysis of its temperature-dependent interaction with a Y-box ssDNA motif is presented...
January 2018: FEBS Journal
Matthias B Stope, Martin Weiss, Dominique Koensgen, Simone L Popp, Christian Joffroy, Alexander Mustea, Miriam B Buck, Cornelius Knabbe
BACKGROUND/AIM: Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) plays a role in diverse oncogenic pathways including cell proliferation and cell motility and is regulated by the pleiotropic factor Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1). In breast cancer, Sma/Mad related protein 2 (Smad2) represents the most common downstream transducer in TGFβ signaling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here, YB-1's impact on Smad2 phospho-activation was characterized by incubation of the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 with or without TGFβ1 in the absence or presence of overexpressed YB-1 protein...
December 2017: Anticancer Research
S Q Chen, M Huang, C L Liu, Y Y Shen, Q Cai, P J Wang
Objective: To investigate the mechanism of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promoting induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to differentiate into neural stem cells (NSCs) via Wnt/β-catenin and extracellular signal-regulated kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinases (ERK/MAPK) signal pathways. Methods: iPSCs were cultured and identified. The iPSCs were induced to differentiate into NSCs by BDNF and retinoic acid (RA). Nestin was detected by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry after iPSCs differentiated...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Jianguang Shi, Jing Guo, Xinjian Li
Lung cancer accounts for most cancer-related deaths worldwide. However, the underlying mechanism by which it mediates the progression of lung cancer remains unclear. Expression of LASP-1 (LIM and SH3 protein 1) was evaluated in lung cancer tissues and tumor-adjacent normal tissues using immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Functional studies have shown that siRNA-mediated silencing of LASP-1 in human lung cancer cells and reduced cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining also revealed that rate of cell apoptosis was increased after knockdown of expression of LASP-1, thereby suggesting that LASP-1 may function as an oncogene during lung cancer progression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
Shazi Shakil, Mohammad H Baig, Shams Tabrez, Syed M Danish Rizvi, Syed K Zaidi, Ghulam M Ashraf, Shakeel A Ansari, Aftab Aslam Parwaz Khan, Mohammad H Al-Qahtani, Adel M Abuzenadah, Adeel G Chaudhary
Cancer is a disease that has been the focus of scientific research and discovery and continues to remain so. Polo-like kinases (PLKs) are basically serine/threonine kinase enzymes that control cell cycle from yeast to humans. PLK-1 stands for 'Polo-like kinase-1'. It is the most investigated protein among PLKs. It is crucial for intracellular processes, hence a 'hot' anticancer drug-target. Accelerating innovations in Enzoinformatics and associated molecular visualization tools have made it possible to literally perform a 'molecular level walk' traversing through and observing the minutest contours of the active site of relevant enzymes...
November 6, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"