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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211941/upfront-window-vincristine-irinotecan-treatment-of-high-risk-hepatoblastoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group-ahep0731-study-committee
#1
Howard M Katzenstein, Wayne L Furman, Marcio H Malogolowkin, Mark D Krailo, M Beth McCarville, Alexander J Towbin, Greg M Tiao, Milton J Finegold, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, Stephen P Dunn, Max R Langham, Eugene D McGahren, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Rebecka L Meyers
BACKGROUND: The identification of new therapies for high-risk (HR) hepatoblastoma is challenging. Children's Oncology Group study AHEP0731 included a HR stratum to explore the efficacy of novel agents. Herein, the authors report the response rate to the combination of vincristine (V) and irinotecan (I) and the outcome of patients with high-risk hepatoblastoma. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed metastatic hepatoblastoma or those with a serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) level <100 ng/mL were eligible...
February 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211785/continuous-infusion-of-a-large-dose-of-cf-and-5-fu-combined-with-cddp-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-esophageal-cancer
#2
Zheng-Qiu Zhu, Zu-An Zhu, Hong-Xing Cai
5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin (CDDP) are common chemotherapy drugs used in the treatment of patients with advanced esophageal cancer. We investigated the efficacy of adding a continuous infusion of a large dose of a common adjuvant, citrovorumfactor (CF), to the traditional 5-FU/wCDDP regimen. 50 patients with advanced esophageal cancer were treated with a continuous infusion of CF, 5-FU, and CDDP, and the short-term effects, adverse reactions, and survival periods after treatment were analyzed. Overall, the treatment was effective in 58% of patients, and the therapeutic effects of the first-line of chemotherapy were significantly better than the second-line (u = 4...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209749/efficacy-and-safety-of-folfiri-regimen-in-elderly-versus-nonelderly-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-or-gastric-cancer
#3
Ji-Won Kim, Keun-Wook Lee, Kyu-Pyo Kim, Ju Hyun Lee, Yong Sang Hong, Jeong-Eun Kim, Sun Young Kim, Sook Ryun Park, Byung-Ho Nam, Sang-Hee Cho, Ik-Joo Chung, Young Suk Park, Ho-Suk Oh, Myung-Ah Lee, Hye Jin Kang, Young Iee Park, Eun-Kee Song, Hye Sook Han, Kyu Taeg Lee, Dong Bok Shin, Jung Hun Kang, Dae Young Zang, Jee Hyun Kim, Tae Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Irinotecan-based chemotherapy is a standard backbone of therapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) or gastric cancer (GC). However, there is still a paucity of information concerning the efficacy and safety of irinotecan-based regimens in elderly patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using the patient cohort (n = 1,545) from the UGT1A1 genotype study, we compared the efficacy and safety between elderly and nonelderly patients with metastatic CRC (n = 934) or GC (n = 611) who received first- or second-line FOLFIRI (irinotecan, leucovorin, and 5-fluorouracil) chemotherapy...
February 16, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207045/remodelling-of-micrornas-in-colorectal-cancer-by-hypoxia-alters-metabolism-profiles-and-5-fluorouracil-resistance
#4
Anke Nijhuis, Hannah Thompson, Julie Adam, Alexandra Parker, Luke Gammon, Amy Lewis, Jacob G Bundy, Tomoyoshi Soga, Aisha Jalaly, David Propper, Rosemary Jeffery, Nirosha Suraweera, Sarah McDonald, Mohamed A Thaha, Roger Feakins, Robert Lowe, Cleo L Bishop, Andrew Silver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204913/accumulation-of-alpha-fluoro-beta-alanine-and-fluoro-mono-acetate-in-a-patient-with-5-fluorouracil-associated-hyperammonemia
#5
Yoshitaka Nishikawa, Taro Funakoshi, Takahiro Horimatsu, Shin'ichi Miyamoto, Takeshi Matsubara, Motoko Yanagita, Shunsaku Nakagawa, Atsushi Yonezawa, Kazuo Matsubara, Manabu Muto
PURPOSE: High-dose 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) containing chemotherapy occasionally causes hyperammonemia and can be lethal. However, the mechanism of 5FU-associated hyperammonemia has not been known. The aim of this study was to reveal the pharmacokinetics of 5-FU-associated hyperammonemia in a recurrent colorectal cancer patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: We experienced a case of hyperammonemia during mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab therapy for recurrent colorectal cancer...
February 15, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202000/safety-and-efficacy-of-lobaplatin-combined-with-5-fluorouracil-as-first-line-induction-chemotherapy-followed-by-lobaplatin-radiotherapy-in-locally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-preliminary-results-of-a-prospective-phase-ii-trial
#6
Liang-Ru Ke, Wei-Xiong Xia, Wen-Ze Qiu, Xin-Jun Huang, Jing Yang, Ya-Hui Yu, Hu Liang, Guo-Ying Liu, Yan-Fang Ye, Yan-Qun Xiang, Xiang Guo, Xing Lv
BACKGROUND: Due to improvements in imaging and radiological techniques as well as the use of chemotherapy, distant metastasis has become the predominant mode of treatment failure in patients with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC). Platinum-based systemic chemotherapy has shown survival benefits and is now the standard strategy for systemic therapy in patients with LA-NPC. Notably, the third-generation platinum reagent lobaplatin has shown anti-tumor effects in several solid tumors with lower incidences of gastrointestinal, hepatic and renal toxicity relative to other platinum drugs...
February 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199397/efficacy-and-safety-of-preoperative-iop-reduction-using-a-preservative-free-fixed-combination-of-dorzolamide-timolol-eye-drops-versus-oral-acetazolamide-and-dexamethasone-eye-drops-and-assessment-of-the-clinical-outcome-of-trabeculectomy-in-glaucoma
#7
Katrin Lorenz, Joanna Wasielica-Poslednik, Katharina Bell, Giulia Renieri, Alexander Keicher, Christian Ruckes, Norbert Pfeiffer, Hagen Thieme
INTRODUCTION: To demonstrate that preoperative treatment for 28 days with topical dorzolamide/timolol is non-inferior (Δ = 4 mm Hg) to oral acetazolamide and topical dexamethasone (standard therapy) in terms of intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction 3 and 6 months after trabeculectomy in glaucoma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two eyes undergoing trabeculectomy with mitomycin C were included in this monocentric prospective randomized controlled study. IOP change between baseline and 3 months post-op was defined as the primary efficacy variable...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196126/oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-induction-in-human-thyroid-carcinoma-cells-exposed-to-the-essential-oil-from-pistacia-lentiscus-aerial-parts
#8
Simona Catalani, Francesco Palma, Serafina Battistelli, Serena Benedetti
BACKGROUND: Essential oils from the aerial parts (leaves, twigs and berries) of Pistacia lentiscus (PLEO) have been well characterized for their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties; however, poor information exists on their potential anticancer activity. METHODS: Increasing concentrations of PLEO (0.01-0.1% v/v, 80-800 μg/ml) were administered to a wide variety of cultured cancer cells from breast, cervix, colon, liver, lung, prostate, and thyroid carcinomas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195138/bioproduction-characterization-anticancer-and-antioxidant-activities-of-extracellular-melanin-pigment-produced-by-newly-isolated-microbial-cell-factories-streptomyces-glaucescens-neae-h
#9
Noura El-Ahmady El-Naggar, Sara M El-Ewasy
In this present study, a newly isolated strain, Streptomyces sp. NEAE-H, capable of producing high amount of black extracellular melanin pigment on peptone-yeast extract iron agar and identified as Streptomyces glaucescens NEAE-H. Plackett-Burman statistical design was conducted for initial screening of 17 independent (assigned) variables for their significances on melanin pigment production by Streptomyces glaucescens NEAE-H. The most significant factors affecting melanin production are incubation period, protease-peptone and ferric ammonium citrate...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191373/capecitabine-associated-loss-of-fingerprints-report-of-capecitabine-induced-adermatoglyphia-in-two-women-with-breast-cancer-and-review-of-acquired-dermatoglyphic-absence-in-oncology-patients-treated-with-capecitabine
#10
Philip R Cohen
Capecitabine, an oral 5-fluorouracil prodrug, is currently used in the treatment of metastatic colorectal carcinoma and breast cancer. Fingerprints, also referred to as dermatoglyphics and characterized by the pattern of ridges and furrows on the fingertips, are used for identification by government agencies and personal electronic devices. Two women with breast cancer who were treated with capecitabine and developed drug-associated loss of their fingerprints are described. PubMed was used to search the following terms separately and in combination: absence, adermatoglyphia, breast, cancer, capecitabine, carcinoma, colon, colorectal, dermatoglyphics, fingerprint, fluorouracil, foot, hand, loss, malignancy, nasopharyngeal, oncology, reaction, rectal, skin, syndrome, tumor, and xeloda...
January 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190761/prevalence-of-circulating-tumor-cells-after-adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-or-without-anthracyclines-in-patients-with-her2-negative-hormone-receptor-positive-early-breast-cancer
#11
Amelie Schramm, Fabienne Schochter, Thomas W P Friedl, Nikolaus de Gregorio, Ulrich Andergassen, Marianna Alunni-Fabbroni, Elisabeth Trapp, Bernadette Jaeger, Georg Heinrich, Oumar Camara, Thomas Decker, Angelika Ober, Sven Mahner, Tanja N Fehm, Klaus Pantel, Peter A Fasching, Andreas Schneeweiss, Wolfgang Janni, Brigitte K Rack
BACKGROUND: Use of anthracycline-based chemotherapy in patients with early breast cancer (EBC) has been well-established but is often associated with cardiotoxicity. Based on data suggesting a limited benefit of anthracyclines in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative patients, the Simultaneous Study of Docetaxel Based Anthracycline Free Adjuvant Treatment Evaluation, as well as Life Style Intervention Strategies (SUCCESS) C study randomized patients to either anthracycline-containing or anthracycline-free chemotherapy...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186990/ube2l6-ubch8-and-isg15-attenuate-autophagy-in-esophageal-cancer-cells
#12
Chloe M Falvey, Tracey R O'Donovan, Shereen El-Mashed, Michelle J Nyhan, Seamus O'Reilly, Sharon L McKenna
Esophageal cancer remains a poor prognosis cancer due to advanced stage of presentation and drug resistant disease. To understand the molecular mechanisms influencing response to chemotherapy, we examined genes that are differentially expressed between drug sensitive, apoptosis competent esophageal cancer cells (OE21, OE33, FLO-1) and those which are more resistant and do not exhibit apoptosis (KYSE450 and OE19). Members of the ISG15 (ubiquitin-like) protein modification pathway, including UBE2L6 and ISG15, were found to be more highly expressed in the drug sensitive cell lines...
February 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184917/-corrigendum-loss-of-runt%C3%A2-related-transcription-factor%C3%A2-3-induces-resistance-to-5%C3%A2-fluorouracil-and-cisplatin-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Junro Kataoka, Hidenori Shiraha, Shigeru Horiguchi, Hiroaki Sawahara, Daisuke Uchida, Teruya Nagahara, Masaya Iwamuro, Hiroki Morimoto, Yasuto Takeuchi, Kenji Kuwaki, Hideki Onishi, Shinichiro Nakamura, Akinobu Takaki, Kazuhiro Nouso, Takahito Yagi, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Okada
Following the publication of this article, we realize that there were some errors in the manuscript. Details of the experiments describing the gene silencing of RUNX3 with small interfering RNA (siRNA) were erroneously included in this paper, and all references to siRNA should have been deleted from the manuscript prior to publication. In the subsection entitled 'Cell lines and cell culture' on page 2577, the left‑hand column, the text should have indicated that the human HCC cell lines Hep3B and Huh7 were obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC; Manassas, VA, USA), whereas HLF cells were obtained from the Japanese Cancer Resources Bank (Tokyo, Japan)...
March 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184236/diagnosis-and-medical-management-of-ocular-surface-squamous-neoplasia
#14
Ibrahim O Sayed-Ahmed, Sotiria Palioura, Anat Galor, Carol L Karp
INTRODUCTION: Topical chemotherapy has gained popularity among clinicians for the treatment of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN). The principal topical chemotherapy agents used in the management of OSSN are interferon-α2b, 5-fluorouracil, and mitomycin C. High-resolution optical coherence tomography (HR-OCT) is a non-invasive technique that can differentiate OSSN from other ocular surface lesions. AREAS COVERED: This review highlights the current regimens and diagnostic modalities used in managing OSSN...
2017: Expert Review of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183581/chemotherapy-alters-cisatracurium-induced-neuromuscular-blockade-characteristics-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Amir Poya Zanjani, Maziar Maghsoudloo, Jalil Makarem, Fahimeh Farokhnia, Morteza Fazli, Zahid Hussain Khan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of NMDR induced muscle paralysis in breast cancer patients with and without a history of recent chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil (CAF) regimen. DESIGN: This is a non-randomized prospective cohort study. SETTING: Operating room of a university-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Out of a total of 50 patients who had undergone mastectomy, 22 patients were allocated to the "Chemo group" and 28 patients to the "Non-Chemo group", based on a valid history of recent chemotherapy...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182993/de-novo-emergence-of-mesenchymal-stem-like-cd105-cancer-cells-by-cytotoxic-agents-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Yoshimoto Nomura, Taro Yamashita, Naoki Oishi, Kouki Nio, Takehiro Hayashi, Mariko Yoshida, Tomoyuki Hayashi, Tomomi Hashiba, Yasuhiro Asahina, Hikari Okada, Hajime Sunagozaka, Hajime Takatori, Masao Honda, Shuichi Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered a pivotal target for the eradication of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, we reported that the CSC markers epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and CD90 are expressed independently in primary HCCs and cell lines, and CD90(+) cells share features of metastatic vascular endothelial cells and express the vascular endothelial marker CD105, a co-receptor of transforming growth factor-beta. METHODS: The EpCAM(+) cell lines HuH1 and HuH7 were treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or epirubicin in vitro...
February 6, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181527/bigelovin-triggered-apoptosis-in-colorectal-cancer-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-via-upregulating-death-receptor-5-and-reactive-oxidative-species
#17
Mingyue Li, Li-Hua Song, Grace Gar-Lee Yue, Julia Kin-Ming Lee, Li-Mei Zhao, Lin Li, Xunian Zhou, Stephen Kwok-Wing Tsui, Simon Siu-Man Ng, Kwok-Pui Fung, Ning-Hua Tan, Clara Bik-San Lau
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent cancer and the third highest cancer-related mortality in the United States. Bigelovin, a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Inula helianthus aquatica, has been proven to induce apoptosis and exhibit anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic activities. However, the effects of bigelovin on CRC and underlying mechanisms have not been explored. The present study demonstrated that bigelovin exhibited potent anti-tumor activities against CRC in vitro and in vivo. Bigelovin suppressed cell proliferation and colony formation and induced apoptosis in human colorectal cancer HT-29 and HCT 116 cells in vitro...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179356/clinical-outcomes-of-hypopharyngeal-cancer-receiving-definitive-radiotherapy-with-concurrent-chemotherapy
#18
Masakuni Sakaguchi, Toshiya Maebayashi, Takuya Aizawa, Naoya Ishibashi, Tsutomu Saito
AIM: To evaluate clinical outcomes of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 80 patients (75 males) aged 48 to 78 years (median=66 years) with a histological diagnosis of HPC. The 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (FP) regimen was used until 2007 and then switched to the docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (TPF) regimen. Radiotherapy was administered to a total dose of 60 to 72 Gy (median=66 Gy)...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179302/cd24-modulates-chemosensitivity-of-mcf-7-breast-cancer-cells
#19
Hideya Onishi, Kumi Suyama, Akio Yamasaki, Yasuhiro Oyama, Akiko Fujimura, Makoto Kawamoto, Akira Imaizumi
The role of cluster of differentiation (CD) 24 in breast cancer remains unclear; previously, we showed that CD24 suppresses malignant phenotypes by inactivating Hedgehog signaling through signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 inhibition. In this study, we examined how CD24 affects chemosensitivity in breast cancer cells. The CD44(+)CD24(+) breast cancer cell line MCF-7 was transfected with CD24 with/without STAT1 siRNA, and chemosensitivity to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CDDP) was measured...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179285/potential-predictive-role-of-micrornas-in-the-neoadjuvant-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer
#20
REVIEW
David Vrana, Marcel Matzenauer, Rene Aujesky, Radek Vrba, Cestmir Neoral, Bohuslav Melichar, Pavel Souček
Esophageal cancer is a disease with disappointing prognosis. Currently, there are no predictive factors that can identify patients who on the one hand would likely benefit from tri-modality management and, on the other hand, would not be significantly affected by the morbidity accompanying the treatment. MicroRNAs are short non-coding RNAs responsible for post-transcriptional modification of gene expression by binding to 3'-UTR of messenger RNA and represent emerging potential predictive biomarkers of treatment (chemotherapy and radiotherapy) efficacy and toxicity...
2017: Anticancer Research
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