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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110330/prognostic-advantage-of-docetaxel-cisplatin-5-fluorouracil-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-clinical-stage-ii-iii-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-due-to-excellent-control-of-preoperative-disease-and-postoperative-lymph-node-recurrence
#1
Keishi Yamashita, Kei Hosoda, Hiromitsu Moriya, Chikatoshi Katada, Mitsuhiro Sugawara, Hiroaki Mieno, Shoko Komori, Natsuya Katada, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has become prevalent in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), but its long-term prognostic advantages remain unclear. The latest prognostic outcomes in clinical Stage (cStage) II/III ESCC with NAC were herein elucidated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: NAC prior to curative treatment was done in 115 cStage II/III ESCC patients with either cisplatin (CDDP)/5-fluorouracil (5-FU; CF) (n = 41) or docetaxel/CDDP/5-FU (DCF) NAC (n = 74) between 2007 and 2013...
January 21, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109077/simultaneous-but-not-consecutive-combination-with-folinate-salts-potentiates-5-fluorouracil-antitumor-activity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
Antonello Di, Paola Orlandi, Teresa Di, Romano Danesi, Guido Bocci
The combination of folinate salts to 5-fluoruracil (5-FU)-based schedules is an established clinical routine in the landscape of the colorectal cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacological differences between the sequential administration of folinate salts (1 h before, as in clinical routine) followed by 5-FU and the simultaneous administration of both drugs. Proliferation and apoptotic assays were performed on human colon cancer cells exposed to 5-FU, calcium (CaLV) or disodium (NaLV) levofolinate or their simultaneous and sequential combination for 24 and 72h...
January 20, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107320/chemotherapy-safe-handling-limiting-nursing-exposure-with-a-hazardous-drug-control-program
#3
Rachael Crickman
BACKGROUND: Nurses and other healthcare workers are at risk for adverse health consequences from occupational exposure to hazardous drugs. 
. OBJECTIVES: An evidence-based program for nurses was implemented to improve safe handling practices and reduce exposure to hazardous drugs. 
. METHODS: A quasiexperimental design was used, with pre- and post-tests of knowledge about chemotherapy exposure and pre- and post-test observations of compliance with donning and doffing personal protective equipment (PPE)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107090/cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-the-spanish-setting-of-the-peak-trial-of-panitumumab-plus-mfolfox6-compared-with-bevacizumab-plus-mfolfox6-for-first-line-treatment-of-patients-with-wild-type-ras-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#4
Fernando Rivera, Manuel Valladares, Salvador Gea, Noemí López-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of panitumumab in combination with mFOLFOX6 (oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin) versus bevacizumab in combination with mFOLFOX6 as first-line treatment of patients with wild-type RAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in Spain. METHODS: A semi-Markov model was developed including the following health states: Progression free; Progressive disease: Treat with best supportive care; Progressive disease: Treat with subsequent active therapy; Attempted resection of metastases; Disease free after metastases resection; Progressive disease: after resection and relapse; Death...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105142/antitumor-effects-of-recombinant-human-adenovirus-p53-against-human-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-mice
#5
Yuanchao Li, Wei He, Rupeng Wang, Libin Yang, Chunli Zhou, Bin Zhang
The present study was conducted to identify the anti-tumor effects of rAd/p53, which is a recombinant human serotype 5 adenovirus, in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). Mouse models of human cSCC were constructed by injecting human cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma cells into both flanks of nude mice. Subsequently, the 75 nude mice with cSCC xenograft tumors were randomly divided into recombinant human serotype 5 adenovirus (rAd)/p53, rAd/p53 + 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) and 5-Fu groups. One side of the tumors was administered the therapeutic agents as the therapeutic group, whereas the remaining side was treated with medical saline as the control...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103584/significant-efficacy-and-well-safety-of-apatinib-in-an-advanced-liver-cancer-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Peisi Kou, Yan Zhang, Wenbo Shao, Hui Zhu, Jingze Zhang, Haiyong Wang, Li Kong, Jinming Yu
Apatinib is a novel and highly selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2. Previous studies have suggested that apatinib is safe and effective in some solid tumors. We report one case with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), who received apatinib combined with transhepatic arterial chemotherapy and embolization (TACE), and chemotherapy respectively. TACE was administered three times once a month, using lipiodol 10ml, oxaliplatin 150mg, and tegafur 1g. The dose of apatinib was 500 mg/d from day 4 to 24...
January 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103504/l-arginine-alters-the-effect-of-5-fluorouracil-on-breast-cancer-cells-in-favor-of-apoptosis
#7
Mozhgan Jahani, Mehri Azadbakht, Fatemeh Norooznezhad, Kamran Mansouri
Chemoresistance in breast cancer is a major obstacle, especially in p53 mutation types. The aim of this study was to evaluate if a combination therapy of l-arginine with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) can alter the effect of this chemotherapy drug on breast cancer cells. The study was performed on BT-20 and MCF-7 cell lines. The effects of l-arginine alone and in combination with 5-FU were investigated on cell viability, apoptosis and nitric oxide (NO) production. Drugs effects on the cellular energetic metabolism were investigated through the lactate production and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity assay...
January 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102464/a-phase-i-and-pharmacokinetic-study-of-afilbercept-with-folfiri-comparison-of-chinese-and-caucasian-populations
#8
Jianming Xu, Yingxin Li, Xing Sun, Dongsheng Zhang, Rongrui Liu, Samira Ziti-Ljajic, Dongmei Shi, Fengying Xue, Nathalie Le Bail, Ruihua Xu
Background This study assessed the preliminary safety, pharmacokinetics (PK) and anti-tumor effects of aflibercept in combination with 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) in Chinese patients with previously-treated advanced solid malignancies. Patients and Methods This open-label single-arm Phase I study conducted at two centers in China included adult (≥18 years) patients with metastatic or unresectable solid malignancies who had received ≥1 prior treatment. Patients received aflibercept 4 mg/kg IV on Day 1 followed by FOLFIRI over Days 1 and 2 every 2 weeks, and were assessed for safety, tumor response, PK parameters and immunogenicity...
January 19, 2017: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101359/effect-of-combined-treatment-with-micelle-incorporated-cisplatin-nc-6004-and-s-1-on-human-gastric-cancer-xenografts
#9
Masahisa Kudo, Yoshiyuki Yamamoto, Yoshikatsu Koga, Tetsuya Hamaguchi, Tetsuo Akimoto, Masahiro Yasunaga, Yasuhiro Matsumura
Combination therapy with S-1 and cisplatin (CDDP) is the standard chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer in Japan; however, its administration requires hospitalization for hydration to prevent nephrotoxicity from CDDP. By contrast, NC-6004 appears to reduce the renal toxicity of CDDP and may be used on an outpatient basis. Thus, the effects of combined treatment with S-1 and NC-6004 were compared with those of S-1 and CDDP in a human gastric cancer model. In vitro cytotoxic effects were investigated in 44As3Luc, MKN45 and MKN74 human gastric cancer cell lines...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101205/impact-of-microsatellite-status-on-chemotherapy-for-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-kras-or-braf-mutation
#10
Chi-Jung Huang, Shih-Hung Huang, Chih-Cheng Chien, Henry Hsin-Chung Lee, Shung-Haur Yang, Chun-Chao Chang, Chia-Long Lee
KRAS and BRAF mutations are frequently detected in cases of colorectal cancer (CRC). The microsatellite status of patients with CRC and mutated KRAS/BRAF is important when determining cancer therapy. In the present study, the microsatellite status and genetic polymorphisms of KRAS (codons 12 and 13) and BRAF (V600E) were characterized in CRC tissue. The mismatch repair activity and oncogenic potential of KRAS were assessed by immunoblots from two KRAS-mutated CRC cell lines, SW480 and HCT116, with different microsatellite statuses, following treatment with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and oxaliplatin...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100684/association-between-poorly-differentiated-clusters-and-efficacy-of-5-fluorouracil-based-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-stage-iii-colorectal-cancer
#11
Yosuke Tajima, Yoshifumi Shimada, Hitoshi Kameyama, Ryoma Yagi, Takuma Okamura, Takashi Kobayashi, Shin-Ichi Kosugi, Toshifumi Wakai
OBJECTIVE: Although poorly differentiated cluster has been reported to be a useful grading system for predicting prognosis in colorectal cancer, its relationship to chemotherapy efficacy has not been demonstrated. We aimed to investigate the association between poorly differentiated cluster and the efficacy of 5-fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy in stage III colorectal cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 131 patients with stage III colorectal cancer who underwent curative resection: 72 received 5-fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy (chemotherapy group) and 59 did not (surgery-alone group)...
January 17, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098226/brother-of-regulator-of-imprinted-sites-boris-suppresses-apoptosis-in-colorectal-cancer
#12
Yanmei Zhang, Mengdie Fang, Yongfei Song, Juan Ren, Jianfei Fang, Xiaoju Wang
Identifying oncogenes that promote cancer cell proliferation or survival is critical for treatment of colorectal cancer. The Brother of Regulator of Imprinted Sites (BORIS) is frequently expressed in most types of cancer, but rarely in normal tissues. Aberrantly expressed BORIS relates to colorectal cancer, but its function in colorectal cancer cells remains unclear. In addition, previous studies indicated the significance of cytoplasm-localized BORIS in cancer cells. However, none of them investigated its function...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094590/effects-of-supernatants-from-escherichia-coli-nissle-1917-and-faecalibacterium-prausnitzii-on-intestinal-epithelial-cells-and-a-rat-model-of-5-fluorouracil-induced-mucositis
#13
Hanru Wang, Yoga D Jatmiko, Susan E P Bastian, Suzanne Mashtoub, Gordon S Howarth
Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (Fp) and Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) are probiotics, which have been reported to ameliorate certain gastrointestinal disorders. We evaluated the effects of supernatants (SN) derived from Fp and EcN on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-treated intestinal cells and in a rat model of mucositis. In vitro: IEC-6, Caco-2, and T-84 cells were analyzed for viability and monolayer permeability. In vivo: Female dark agouti rats were gavaged with Fp or EcN SN and injected intraperitoneally with saline (control) or 5-FU to induce mucositis...
January 17, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093604/pretreatment-with-5-fluorouracil-cream-enhances-the-efficacy-of-daylight-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-for-actinic-keratosis
#14
Christoffer V Nissen, Ida Marie Heerfordt, Stine R Wiegell, Carsten S Mikkelsen, Hans C Wulf
The efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with methyl aminolevulinate is reduced when treating actinic keratosis (AK) on the extremities in comparison with the face and scalp. Studies indicate that PDT efficacy can be improved by combining PDT with other treatment modalities. This randomized intra-individual study investigated whether pretreatment with topical 5% 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) enhanced the treatment efficacy of daylight-mediated PDT in 24 patients with AKs on the hands. One hand of each patient was given 7 days of pretreatment with 5-FU twice daily before daylight-PDT, whereas the other hand was treated with daylight-PDT alone...
January 17, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090668/studies-of-anticancer-drug-cytotoxicity-based-on-long-term-hepg2-spheroid-culture-in-a-microfluidic-system
#15
Agnieszka Zuchowska, Karina Kwapiszewska, Michal Chudy, Artur Dybko, Zbigniew Brzozka
Cell-on-a-chip systems have become promising devices to study the effectiveness of new anticancer drugs recently. Several microdevices for liver cancer culture and evaluation of the drug cytotoxicity have been reported. However, there are still no proven reports about high-throughput and simple methods for the evaluation of drug cytotoxicity on liver cancer cells. The paper presents the results of the effects of the anticancer drug (5-fluorouracil, 5-FU) on the HepG2 spheroids as a model of liver cancer. The experiments were based on the long-term 3D spheroid culture in the microfluidic system and monitoring of the effect of 5-FU at two selected concentrations (0...
January 16, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090501/clinical-implications-of-apex1-and-jagged1-as-chemoresistance-factors-in-biliary-tract-cancer
#16
Hong-Beum Kim, Won Jin Cho, Nam Gyu Choi, Sung-Soo Kim, Jun Hee Park, Hee-Jeong Lee, Sang Gon Park
PURPOSE: Biliary cancer is a highly malignant neoplasm with poor prognosis and most patients need to undergo palliative chemotherapy, however major clinical problem associated with the use of chemotherapy is chemoresistance. So far, we aimed at investigating clinical implications of apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonuclease 1 (APEX1) and Jagged1 as chemoresistance factors in biliary tract cancer. METHODS: We used 5 human biliary tract cancer cell lines (SNU-245, SNU-308, SNU-478, SNU-1079, and SNU-1196), and investigated the chemosensitivity of APEX1 and Jagged1 through 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and Western blot...
January 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089833/rufy3-promotes-metastasis-through-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-colorectal-cancer
#17
Xie Ruyi, Wang Jing, Tang Weimei, Li Yueqiao, Peng Ying, Zhang Hui, Liu Guangnan, Huang Xiaoting, Zhao Jinjun, Li Aimin, Gong Wei, Chen Ye, Ren Yuexin, Wang Yadong, Li Guoxin, Liu Side, Jide Wang
Rufy3 is a RUN domain-containing protein that has been associated with gastric cancers; however, the role of Rufy3 in the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unknown. We demonstrated that Rufy3 expression was higher in 11/12 fresh CRC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues. Rufy3 induced elevated expression and transactivity of four major oncogenes in CRC. Moreover, siRNA-mediated repression of Rufy3 induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, and Rufy3 overexpression enhanced CRC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo...
January 13, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089484/dosimetric-parameters-correlate-with-duodenal-histopathologic-damage-after-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-pancreatic-cancer-secondary-analysis-of-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#18
Vivek Verma, Audrey J Lazenby, Dandan Zheng, Abhijeet R Bhirud, Quan P Ly, Chandrakanth Are, Aaron R Sasson, Chi Lin
PURPOSE: Prospectively assess relationships between dosimetric parameters and histopathologic/clinical duodenal toxicities in patients on a phase I trial for pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Forty-six borderline resectable/unresectable patients were enrolled on a prospective trial testing neoadjuvant gemcitabine/5-fluorouracil followed by SBRT (5 daily fractions of 5-8Gy) and concurrent nelfinavir. Post-SBRT surgery was performed in 13 resectable patients, which constituted the patient population herein...
January 12, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089307/corrigendum-to-beneficial-effects-of-5-fluorouracil-and-heparin-based-portal-infusion-chemotherapy-combined-with-mitomycin-c-and-cisplatin-after-curative-resection-of-pancreatic-cancer-pancreatology-10-2010-250-258
#19
Koichi Aiura, Shin Takahashi, Junichi Matsui, Masakazu Ueda, Yuko Kitagawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088664/powerful-combination-of-analytical-and-chemometric-methods-for-the-photodegradation-of-5-fluorouracil
#20
Cristian Gómez-Canela, Gabino Bolivar-Subirats, Romà Tauler, Silvia Lacorte
The photodegradation of the antineoplastic drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) under the action of UV light was studied using UV-vis spectroscopy and High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled to Diode Array Detector and High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-HRMS). To analyze, integrate and interpret the degradation kinetics, the Multivariate Curve Resolution-Alternating Least Squares (MCR-ALS) chemometric method has been applied. The high complexity of the photodegradation process of this drug involving up to seven different photoproducts showed the advantages of the proposed approach which provides simultaneously mechanistic and structural information explaining the 5-FU photodegradability...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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