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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453646/estimation-of-radionuclide-concentrations-and-average-annual-committed-effective-dose-due-to-ingestion-for-the-population-in-the-red-river-delta-vietnam
#1
Tran Thi Van, Luu Tam Bat, Dang Duc Nhan, Nguyen Hao Quang, Bui Duy Cam, Luu Viet Hung
Radioactivity concentrations of nuclides of the 232 Th and 238 U radioactive chains and 40 K, 90 Sr, 137 Cs, and 239+240 Pu were surveyed for raw and cooked food of the population in the Red River delta region, Vietnam, using α-, γ-spectrometry, and liquid scintillation counting techniques. The concentration of 40 K in the cooked food was the highest compared to those of other radionuclides ranging from (23 ± 5) (rice) to (347 ± 50) Bq kg -1 dw (tofu). The 210 Po concentration in the cooked food ranged from its limit of detection (LOD) of 5 mBq kg -1 dw (rice) to (4...
February 16, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452050/pathways-linking-intergenerational-cultural-dissonance-and-alcohol-use-among-asian-american-youth-the-role-of-family-conflict-parental-involvement-and-peer-behavior
#2
Jeremy C Kane, Renee M Johnson, Derek K Iwamoto, David H Jernigan, Tracy W Harachi, Judith K Bass
A difference in degree of acculturation between immigrant parents and children, known as intergenerational cultural dissonance (ICD), is a risk factor for adolescent alcohol use. We used path analysis with 292 Vietnamese and Cambodian adolescents from immigrant families in the United States to measure potential mediators (family conflict, parental involvement/monitoring, association with deviant peers) of the ICD-alcohol use relationship. The hypothesized model was an adequate data fit among both groups. Among Cambodian adolescents, higher ICD levels significantly predicted increased family conflict, which in turn was associated with reduced parental involvement/monitoring, increased association with deviant peers, and a subsequently higher risk of alcohol use (p < ...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450252/alcohol-and-tobacco-use-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-vietnamese-rural-mountainside-areas
#3
Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le, Hue Thi Mai, Chau Ngo, Canh Dinh Hoang, Hai Hong Nguyen, Hai Quan Le, Hung Van Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Tho Dinh Tran, Nabil Zary, Carl A Latkin, Thuc Minh Thi Vu, Roger C M Ho, Melvyn W B Zhang
Introduction: The expansion of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program requires more data about the factors affecting the effectiveness of treatment, especially behavioral data such as smoking and alcohol use among patients. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol consumption and identify related factors among MMT patients in the Vietnamese rural mountainside. Methods: We interviewed 241 MMT patients in two clinics in Tuyen Quang, a mountainous province in Vietnam...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450235/vietnamese-validation-of-the-short-version-of-internet-addiction-test
#4
Bach Xuan Tran, Hue Thi Mai, Long Hoang Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Carl A Latkin, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
Background and aims: The main goal of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of a Vietnamese version of the short-version of Internet Addiction Test (s-IAT) and to assess the relationship between s-IAT scores and demographics, health related qualify of life and perceived stress scores in young Vietnamese. Methods: The Vietnamese version of s-IAT was administered to a sample of 589 participants. Exploratory factor and reliability analyses were performed...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449157/risk-of-unplanned-caesarean-birth-in-vietnamese-born-women-in-victoria-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Paul A Agius, Mary-Ann Davey, Rhonda Small
BACKGROUND: Understanding the prevalence of, and factors associated with, caesarean birth among immigrant populations is essential for appropriate antenatal and postnatal resource allocation. AIMS: To compare rates of caesarean birth between one of the largest immigrant populations of women giving birth in Australia (Vietnamese-born women) with those of Australian-born women and investigate the odds of unplanned caesarean in these women, controlling for maternal characteristics, pregnancy complications and labour management factors...
February 12, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444997/efficacy-of-multicomponent-culturally-tailored-hiv-sti-prevention-interventions-targeting-foreign-female-entertainment-workers-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#6
Raymond B T Lim, Olive N Y Cheung, Bee Choo Tai, Mark I-C Chen, Roy K W Chan, Mee Lian Wong
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the efficacy of a multicomponent culturally tailored HIV/STI prevention intervention programme on consistent condom use and STI incidence among foreign Thai and Vietnamese female entertainment workers (FEWs) in Singapore. METHODS: We conducted a quasi-experimental pretest and post-test intervention trial with a comparison group. We recruited 220 participants (115 Vietnamese and 105 Thai) for the comparison group, followed by the intervention group (same number) from the same sites which were purposively selected after a 3-month interval period...
February 14, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444687/psychometric-properties-of-the-medical-outcomes-study-social-support-survey-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam-a-validation-study
#7
Long Quynh Khuong, Tuong-Vi Thi Vu, Van-Anh Ngoc Huynh, Truc Thanh Thai
BACKGROUND: Social support plays a crucial role in the treatment and recovery process of patients engaging in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). However, there is a paucity of research about social support among MMT patients, possibly due to a lack of appropriate measuring tools. This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Vietnamese version of the Medical Outcomes Study: Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS) among MMT patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 300 patients was conducted in a methadone clinic in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam...
February 14, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442202/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-oligostilbenoids-from-vitis-heyneana-in-lps-stimulated-raw-264-7-macrophages-via-suppressing-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation
#8
Do Thi Ha, Phung Thanh Long, Tran Thi Hien, Dao Trong Tuan, Nguyen Thi Thuy An, Nguyen Minh Khoi, Ha Van Oanh, Tran Manh Hung
BACKGROUND: Vitis heyneana is widely distributed in the north of Vietnam, it has been used in Vietnamese traditional medicine as an agent for treatment of arthritis, bronchitis, carbuncles and inflammatory conditions, and menstrual irregularities. However, this plant has not been investigated in phytochemical constituents and biological effects, especially in the anti-inflammatory property. RESULTS: Bioassay-guided fractionation of the EtOAc soluble fraction from the aerial part of Vitis heyneana resulted in the isolation of a series of oligostilbenoids as piceid (1), 2-r-viniferin (2), betulifol A (3), vitisinol C (4), (-)-trans-ε-viniferin (5), α-viniferin (6), shoreaketon (7), amurensin B (8), vitisinol B (9), and cis-vitisin B (10)...
February 13, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441344/implementation-of-a-sustainable-training-system-for-emergency-in-vietnam
#9
REVIEW
Sunjoo Kang, Hyejin Seo, Binh Duy Ho, Phuong Thi Anh Nguyen
Purpose: This study analyzed the project outcomes to share lessons regarding the development of an emergency medicine education system in Vietnam. Methods: Retrospective evaluation was implemented using project outcome indicators. Results: A total of 13 training courses were administered, with the collaboration of international experts in Korea and Vietnam. A total of 23 kinds of emergency medicine education equipment were purchased, and a basic life support (BLS) and two advanced cardiac life support labs were remodeled to provide appropriate simulation training...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419790/the-roles-of-three-types-of-knowledge-and-perceived-uncertainty-in-explaining-risk-perception-acceptability-and-self-protective-response-a-case-study-on-endocrine-disrupting-surfactants
#10
Hien Ho, Tsunemi Watanabe
The ubiquitous surfactants nonylphenol (NP) and its ethoxylates (NPEOs), which are known as endocrine disrupters, have appeared in the lists of restricted chemical substances, monitoring programs, and environmental quality standards of many countries due to their adverse effects. Recent studies have reported alarming levels of NP, as the final metabolite of NPEOs, in Vietnamese urban waters, whilst response to this issue is negligible. With the aim of addressing how the public perceives and expects to avoid the risk of endocrine disrupting surfactants (EDSs), the study tested the hypothesized roles of specific knowledge, general knowledge, and perceived uncertainty using structural equation modelling...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419364/perspectives-and-insights-from-vietnamese-american-mental-health-professionals-on-how-to-culturally-tailor-a-vietnamese-dementia-caregiving-program
#11
Van Ta Park, Khue Nguyen, Yvonne Tran, Gwen Yeo, Quyen Tiet, Joyce Suen, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about dementia and caregiving among the rapidly growing Vietnamese American population. This qualitative study elicited insights on culturally tailoring an intervention to address mental health needs in Vietnamese American dementia caregivers from Vietnamese American mental health professionals. METHODS: Eight Vietnamese American mental health professionals were interviewed to explore: experiences working with and needs of the community; Vietnamese attitudes toward treatment; and acculturation in Vietnamese caregiving...
January 30, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416425/primulina-malipoensis-gesneriaceae-a-new-species-from-sino-vietnamese-border-area
#12
Li-Hua Yang, Jun-Lin Chen, Fang Wen, Ming Kang
Primulina malipoensis, a new species from limestone areas around the Sino-Vietnamese border, is described and illustrated. This new species is morphologically similar to P. maguanensis and P. lungzhouensis, but obviously differs from the latter two species by its pale greenish-yellow flowers (vs. purple, with different colour patterns). The phylogenetic affinity, illustration and photographs of this new species are provided in this paper.
2018: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415443/mental-health-effects-of-stress-over-the-life-span-of-refugees
#13
Michael Hollifield, Teddy D Warner, Barry Krakow, Joseph Westermeyer
Information about the relative impact of stressful events across the lifespan on the mental health of refugees is needed. Cross-sectional data from a community sample of 135 Kurdish and 117 Vietnamese refugees were fit to a path model about the effects of non-war stress, war-related stress, and post-migration stress on mental health. Kurdish and Vietnamese data were generally consistent with the model. However, war-related stress produced no direct but a large indirect effect through post-migration stress on mental health in Kurds...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411632/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-thymectomy-for-thymoma-a-single-center-experience
#14
Giang Truong Nguyen, Trung Ngoc Nguyen, Nam Van Nguyen, Kien Trung Nguyen, Anh Viet Le
Background Thymoma is a primary tumor derived from the epithelial cells of the thymus, which is commonly seen in the mediastinum. Surgical thymectomy is the radical treatment for thymoma. The recent introduction of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery has improved the quality of thymectomy surgery. The clinical characteristics of thymoma and the outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy in Vietnamese patients are still lacking. The objectives of this study were to investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of thymoma and to evaluate the early results of video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy for thymoma in Vietnamese patients...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406283/novel-reassortant-h5n6-highly-pathogenic-influenza-a-viruses-in-vietnamese-quail-outbreaks
#15
Hien Dang Thanh, Van Trung Tran, Duc Tan Nguyen, Vu-Khac Hung, Wonyong Kim
Avian influenza A H5N6 virus is a highly contagious infectious agent that affects domestic poultry and humans in South Asian countries. Vietnam may be an evolutionary hotspot for influenza viruses and therefore could serve as a source of pandemic strains. In 2015, two novel reassortant H5N6 influenza viruses designated as A/quail/Vietnam/CVVI01/2015 and A/quail/Vietnam/CVVI03/2015 were isolated from dead quails during avian influenza outbreaks in central Vietnam, and the whole genome sequences were analyzed...
February 2018: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405843/conceptualizing-depression-in-vietnam-primary-health-care-providers-explanatory-models-of-depression
#16
Jill Murphy, Elliot Goldner, Kitty K Corbett, Marina Morrow, Vu Cong Nguyen, Dang Thuy Linh, Pham Thi Oanh
The purpose of this qualitative study was to elicit the explanatory models (EMs) of primary healthcare providers (PHPs) in Vietnam in order to (a) understand if and how the concept of depression is understood in Vietnam from the perspective of nonspecialist providers and community members, and (b) to inform the process of introducing services for depression in primary care in Vietnam. We conducted semistructured interviews with 30 PHPs in one rural and one urban district of Hanoi, Vietnam in 2014. We found that although PHPs possess low levels of formal knowledge about depression, they provide consistent accounts of its symptoms and aetiology among their patient population, suggesting that depression is a relevant concept in Vietnam...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405741/incense-smoke-and-increasing-carotid-intima-media-thickness-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-thai-vietnamese-community
#17
Rattanee Kammoolkon, Nutta Taneepanichskul, Nattaporn Pitaknoppakul, Somrat Lertmaharit, Vitool Lohsoonthorn
Incense burning, a source of household indoor air pollution, is possible to effect on cardiovascular system. Our study sought to examine the association of long-term exposure to household incense smoke with increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). A cross-sectional study was conducted 132 adults aged ≥35 years. Participants were stratified into 3 groups by their long-term household incense use; nonexposed group, non-daily exposed group, and daily exposed group. A combined mean CIMT (mean difference = 0...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402642/-study-about-the-prevalence-of-the-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-in-vietnam
#18
S Duong-Quy, K Dang Thi Mai, N Tran Van, H Nguyen Xuan Bich, T Hua-Huy, F Chalumeau, A T Dinh-Xuan, F Soyez, F Martin
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological studies on obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in Asia, South East Asia in particular, are few. The EPSASIE study aimed to determine the prevalence of OSAS in an adult Vietnamese population and to describe its characteristics. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational, multicenter study. Nocturnal ventilatory polygraphy (PV) or polysomnography (PSG) were performed in patients having symptoms evocative of the SAS syndrome and an index of respiratory events (IER)>10/h or>25 in one hour, measured by RU Sleeping...
February 2, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400295/ditra-syndrome-in-a-vietnamese-patient-efficacy-of-etanercept
#19
Valérie Babic, Sandra Moawad, Anne-Claire Bursztejn, Jean-Luc Schmutz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389954/intimate-partner-violence-ipv-the-validity-of-an-ipv-screening-instrument-utilized-among-pregnant-women-in-tanzania-and-vietnam
#20
Vibeke Rasch, Toan Ngo Van, Hanh Thi Thuy Nguyen, Rachel Manongi, Declare Mushi, Dan W Meyrowitsch, Tine Gammeltoft, Chun Sen Wu
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global problem that affects one-third of all women. The present study aims to develop and determine the validity of a screening instrument for the detection of IPV in pregnant women in Tanzania and Vietnam and to determine the minimum number of questions needed to identify IPV. METHOD: An IPV screening instrument based on eight questions was tested on 1,116 Tanzanian and 1,309 Vietnamese women who attended antenatal care before 24 gestational weeks...
2018: PloS One
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