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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530408/authentication-markers-for-five-major-panax-species-developed-via-comparative-analysis-of-complete-chloroplast-genome-sequences
#1
Van Binh Nguyen, Hyun-Seung Park, Sang-Choon Lee, Junki Lee, Jee Young Park, Tae-Jin Yang
Ginseng represents a set of high-value medicinal plants of different species: Panax ginseng (Asian ginseng), P. quinquefolius (American ginseng), P. notoginseng (Chinese ginseng), P. japonicus (Bamboo ginseng), and P. vietnamensis (Vietnamese ginseng). Each species is pharmacologically and economically important, with differences in efficacy and price. Accordingly, an authentication system is needed to combat economically motivated adulteration of Panax products. We conducted comparative analysis of the chloroplast genome sequences of these five species, identifying 34-124 indels and 141-560 SNPs...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523265/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-married-men-in-vietnam
#2
Thang Van Vo, Hue Dinh Hoang, Nhan Phuc Thanh Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is an essential part of life; however, erectile dysfunction (ED) has been one of the most common complaints among men with sexual health issues all over the world. ED includes dysfunction in erection and penile erectile pain. In Vietnam, ED is a subject a not readily discussed. Thus, relatively little is known about ED among Vietnamese men. AIMS: To identify the prevalence of ED and its associated variables and the need for treatment of ED among married men in Vietnam...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523209/using-online-respondent-driven-sampling-for-vietnamese-youths-alcohol-use-and-associated-risk-factors
#3
Melvyn W B Zhang, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Hoang Long, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Duc Hinh, Tran Dinh Tho, Bao Nguyen Le, Vu Thi Minh Thuc, Chau Ngo, Nguyen Huu Tu, Carl A Latkin, Roger Cm Ho
OBJECTIVES: The average alcohol consumption per capita among Vietnamese adults has consistently increased. Although alcohol-related disorders have been extensively studied, there is a paucity of research shedding light on this issue among Internet users. The study aimed to examine the severity of alcohol-related disorders and other associated factors that might predispose individuals towards alcohol usage in a sample of youths recruited online. METHODS: An online cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,080 Vietnamese youths...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520715/geographical-distribution-of-complement-receptor-type-1-variants-and-their-associated-disease-risk
#4
Thaisa Lucas Sandri, Selorme Adukpo, Dao Phuong Giang, Christian N Nguetse, Fabiana Antunes Andrade, Hoang van Tong, Nguyen Linh Toan, Le Huu Song, Preetham Elumalai, Kumarasamy Thangaraj, Vijaya Lakshmi Valluri, Francine Ntoumi, Christian G Meyer, Iara Jose de Messias Reason, Peter G Kremsner, Thirumalaisamy P Velavan
BACKGROUND: Pathogens exert selective pressure which may lead to substantial changes in host immune responses. The human complement receptor type 1 (CR1) is an innate immune recognition glycoprotein that regulates the activation of the complement pathway and removes opsonized immune complexes. CR1 genetic variants in exon 29 have been associated with expression levels, C1q or C3b binding and increased susceptibility to several infectious diseases. Five distinct CR1 nucleotide substitutions determine the Knops blood group phenotypes, namely Kna/b, McCa/b, Sl1/Sl2, Sl4/Sl5 and KCAM+/-...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515007/effects-of-maternal-traumatic-distress-on-family-functioning-and-child-mental-health-an-examination-of-southeast-asian-refugee-families-in-the-u-s
#5
Cindy C Sangalang, Justin Jager, Tracy W Harachi
BACKGROUND: The psychological effects of trauma are well-documented among refugee adults and children alone, yet less research has attended to the intergenerational transmission of trauma within refugee families. Additionally, there is considerable diversity between refugee populations as well as within-group variation in the experiences and effects of refugee trauma. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the longitudinal effects of maternal traumatic distress on family functioning and child mental health outcomes among Southeast Asian refugee women and their adolescent children...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512032/cytotoxic-triterpene-diglycosides-from-the-sea-cucumber-stichopus-horrens
#6
Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Le Thi Vien, Le Hoang, Tran Thi Hong Hanh, Do Thi Thao, Nguyen Van Thanh, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Do Cong Thung, Phan Van Kiem, Chau Van Minh
Using various chromatographic separation techniques, eight triterpene diglycosides (1-8), including four new compounds namely stichorrenosides A-D (1-4), were isolated from a methanol extract of the Vietnamese sea cucumber S. horrens. Their structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic analyses, including HR ESI MS, 1D and 2D NMR. Their in vitro cytotoxic activity against five human cancer cell lines, Hep-G2 (hepatoma cancer), KB (epidermoid carcinoma), LNCaP (prostate cancer), MCF7 (breast cancer), and SK-Mel2 (melanoma), was evaluated using SRB methods...
May 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511566/polar-steroid-derivatives-from-the-vietnamese-starfish-astropecten-polyacanthus
#7
Le Thi Vien, Tran Thi Hong Hanh, Pham Thi Hong, Nguyen Van Thanh, Tran Thu Huong, Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Do Cong Thung, Phan Van Kiem, Chau Van Minh
Five polar steroid derivatives, including one new glycosylated polyhydroxysteroid namely polyacanthoside A (1), were isolated from the water-soluble materials from the MeOH extract of the Vietnamese starfish Astropecten polyacanthus using various chromatographic separations. The structure elucidation was confirmed by spectroscopic experiments such as HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR. Among the isolated compounds, (20R,24S)-3β,6α,8,15β,24-pentahydroxy-5α-cholestane (3) showed significant cytotoxic effect against five human cancer cell lines as HepG2, KB, LNCaP, MCF7 and SK-Mel2 with the IC50 values from 18...
May 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503568/a-novel-72-t%C3%A2-a-%C3%AE-promoter-mutation-causing-slightly-elevated-hba2-in-a-vietnamese-heterozygote
#8
Monica Pirastru, Paolo Mereu, Chau Quynh Nguyen, Nhan Viet Nguyen, Thang Duy Nguyen, Laura Manca
We report a novel β(+)-thalassemia mutation found in a Vietnamese family. The molecular defect T→A lies at -72 of the β-globin gene promoter, within the conserved CCAAT box. The index case was a 5-year-old child having red blood cells indices close to normal and slightly increased level of HbA2 (3.96%). The expression of the mutated β allele was inferred by luciferase reporter assay in K562 cells. The β -72 determinant is the eighth β-thalassemic mutation identified in Vietnam and it was not previously reported in any population...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501812/integrating-culturally-informed-approaches-into-the-physiotherapy-assessment-and-treatment-of-chronic-pain-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Bernadette Brady, Irena Veljanova, Siobhan Schabrun, Lucinda Chipchase
INTRODUCTION: There is strong evidence that biopsychosocial approaches are efficacious in the management of chronic pain. However, implementation of these approaches in clinical practice is known not to account for the beliefs and values of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) patients. This limitation in translation of research contributes to the disparities in outcomes for CALD patients with chronic pain adding to the socioeconomic burden of this prevalent condition. Cultural adaptation of chronic pain assessment and management is urgently required...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499436/inequality-in-healthcare-costs-between-residing-and-non-residing-patients-evidence-from-vietnam
#10
Hieu M Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Place of residence has been shown to impact health. To date, however, previous studies have only focused on the variability in health outcomes and healthcare costs between urban and rural patients. This study takes a different approach and investigates cost inequality facing non-residing patients - patients who do not reside in the regions in which the hospitals are located. Understanding the sources for this inequality is important, as they are directly related to healthcare accessibility in developing countries...
May 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497901/risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-in-vietnamese-patients
#11
Thuy A V Pham, Thoai Q Kieu, Lan T Q Ngo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the association of periodontitis with dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and obesity in Vietnamese patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 367 adults who first visited the Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Information on demographic characteristics, dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and nutritional status was investigated by a self-administered questionnaire...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497589/the-asia-pacific-colorectal-screening-score-is-useful-to-stratify-risk-for-colorectal-advanced-neoplasms-in-vietnamese-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#12
Duc Trong Quach, Toru Hiyama, Thu Anh Nguyen, Hoa Quoc Ly, Shinji Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The Asia Pacific Colorectal Screening (APCS) score has been validated in several populations but not yet in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). AIM: To assess the performance of APCS score in stratifying risk of colorectal advanced neoplasms (CAN) in Vietnamese IBS patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients who fulfilled IBS diagnosis criteria according to the Rome III were prospectively enrolled and underwent colonoscopy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497031/the-comparative-study-of-resonance-disorders-for-vietnamese-and-korean-cleft-palate-speakers-using-nasometer
#13
Yu-Jeong Shin, Yongsoo Kim, Hyun-Gi Kim
BACKGROUND: Nasalance is used to evaluate the velopharyngeal incompetence in clinical diagnoses using a nasometer. The aim of this study is to find the nasalance differences between Vietnamese cleft palate children and Korean cleft palate children by measuring the nasalance of five oral vowels. METHODS: Ten Vietnamese cleft palate children after surgery, three Vietnamese children for the control group, and ten Korean cleft palate children after surgery with the same age participated in this experimentation...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488690/soyfood-and-isoflavone-intake-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-vietnamese-adults
#14
C T Nguyen, N M Pham, V V Do, C W Binns, V M Hoang, D A Dang, A H Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Animal studies have demonstrated that soy isoflavones exert antidiabetic effects. However, evidence regarding the association between soyfood intake, a unique source of isoflavones, and type 2 diabetes remains inconclusive. This study assessed the relationship between habitual intakes of soyfoods and major isoflavones and risk of type 2 diabetes in Vietnamese adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted in Vietnam during 2013-2015...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487850/willingness-to-pay-for-social-health-insurance-in-central-vietnam
#15
Lan Hoang Nguyen, Anh Thuan Duc Hoang
BACKGROUND: A social health insurance (SHI) program was implemented in Vietnam in 1992. Participation is compulsory for some groups, such as formal-sector workers and voluntary for other groups. In 2013, 68% of the total population was covered by SHI, with most enrollees from compulsory groups. Enrollment has remained low among persons whose enrollment is voluntary. As a result, households face financial risk due to high out-of-pocket payments for health care. The goal of this study is to identify willingness to pay (WTP) for the SHI scheme among persons whose enrollment is voluntary and to examine factors that influence their choice...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482945/the-effect-of-universal-health-insurance-for-children-in-vietnam
#16
Binh T Nguyen, Anthony T Lo Sasso
Our research investigates the effects of the 2005 universal health insurance program for children under age 6 in Vietnam on health care utilization, household out-of-pocket (OOP) spending and self-reported health outcomes using data from the Vietnam Household Living Standard Survey in 2002-2004-2006-2008. We use difference-in-differences to compare children eligible for the program to older children who are ineligible for the program. Results indicate that the program increased insurance coverage by 250% for children age 0-5 relative to the pre-policy period...
May 9, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480737/pregnane-steroids-from-the-vietnamese-octocoral-carijoa-riisei
#17
Nam Nguyen Hoai, Huong Nguyen Thi, Hanh Tran Thi Hong, Thanh Nguyen Van, Cuong Nguyen Xuan, Thung Do Cong, Kiem Phan Van, Minh Chau Van
Six pregnane steroids including one new compound namely 15β-hydroxypregna-4,20-dien-3-one (1), were isolated and structurally elucidated from the octocoral Carijoa riisei. The cytotoxic activity against a panel of eight human cancer cell lines of isolated compounds was also evaluated by SRB method. As the results, 18-acetoxypregna-1,4,20-trien-3-one (5) showed significant cytotoxicity against all the tested cell lines with the IC50 values from 22.29 ± 1.47 to 48.73 ± 3.93 μM, whereas 15β-acetoxypregna-1,4,20-trien-3-one (3) and 20R-acetoxypregna-1,4-dien-3-one (6) only exhibited weak effect on KB cell line with IC50 values of 93...
May 7, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480174/economic-benefits-and-treatment-progress-as-determinants-of-the-sustainability-of-vietnamese-voluntary-co-located-patients-clusters
#18
Quan-Hoang Vuong
BACKGROUND: Over the past 15 years or so, in Vietnam, a phenomenon has steadily grown more and more widespread: the forming of co-located patients communities. Poor patients choose to live together, seeking/lending supports from/to one another. Despite the undeniable existence of these communities, little is researched or known about how co-located patients perceive the value of what they receive as cluster members, or how they assess their future connection to the communities they are living in...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476148/the-effectiveness-of-a-supported-self-management-task-shifting-intervention-for-adult-depression-in-vietnam-communities-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Jill Murphy, Charles H Goldsmith, Wayne Jones, Pham Thi Oanh, Vu Cong Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are one of the leading causes of disease and disability worldwide. In Vietnam, although epidemiological evidence suggests that depression rates are on par with global averages, services for depression are very limited. In a feasibility study that was implemented from 2013 to 2015, we found that a Supported Self-management (SSM) intervention showed promising results for adults with depression in the community in Vietnam. This paper describes the Mental Health in Adults and Children: Frugal Innovations (MAC-FI) trial protocol that will assess the effectiveness of the SSM intervention, delivered by primary care and social workers, to community-based populations of adults with depression in eight Vietnamese provinces...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475160/dietary-patterns-among-vietnamese-and-hispanic-immigrant-elementary-school-children-participating-in-an-after-school-program
#20
Megan A McCrory, Charles L Jaret, Jung Ha Kim, Donald C Reitzes
Immigrants in the U.S. may encounter challenges of acculturation, including dietary habits, as they adapt to new surroundings. We examined Vietnamese and Hispanic immigrant children's American food consumption patterns in a convenience sample of 63 Vietnamese and Hispanic children in grades four to six who were attending an after school program. Children indicated the number of times they consumed each of 54 different American foods in the past week using a food frequency questionnaire. We ranked each food according to frequency of consumption, compared the intake of foods to the USDA Healthy Eating Pattern, and performed dietary pattern analysis...
May 5, 2017: Nutrients
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