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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900593/factors-associated-with-hepatitis-b-knowledge-among-vietnamese-americans-a-population-based-survey
#1
Janet N Chu, Phuoc V Le, Chris J Kennedy, Stephen J McPhee, Ching Wong, Susan L Stewart, Tung T Nguyen
Vietnamese Americans have high rates of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection but low rates of knowledge and screening. A population-based survey conducted in 2011 of Vietnamese Americans in two geographic areas (n = 1666) was analyzed. The outcome variables were having heard of HBV and a score summarizing knowledge of HBV transmission. Most respondents (86.0%) had heard of HBV. Correct knowledge of transmission ranged from 59.5% for sex, 68.1% for sharing toothbrushes, 78.6% for during birth, and 85.0% for sharing needles...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887028/influence-of-urbanity-on-perception-of-mental-illness-stigma-a-population-based-study-in-urban-and-rural-hanoi-vietnam
#2
Thi Minh Tam Ta, Aron Zieger, Georg Schomerus, Tien Duc Cao, Michael Dettling, Xuan Tinh Do, Aditya Mungee, Albert Diefenbacher, Matthias C Angermeyer, Eric Hahn
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To examine, for the first time in Vietnam, whether urbanity of respondents among other socio-demographic factors affects the public perception of stigma attached to persons with mental illness in Hanoi. METHODS: A general population-based survey was carried out in 2013 in the greater Hanoi area. The perception of stigma attached to people with mental illness was elicited using Link's perceived discrimination and devaluation scale (PDDS) carried out in Vietnamese language...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885089/slaying-the-dragon-the-story-of-one-fpso-20-vietnamese-operators-and-3-concrete-mixers
#3
Anthony O'Brien, Annelize van Rooyen
End of life of a floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) facility requires a lot of planning and management. One of the major challenges is the issue of decontamination and waste management. Waste disposal is a very sensitive subject and with agreements like the London Protocol and differences in legislation between countries, it has the potential to become a major stumbling block. Radiation safety is something not often on the mind of an FPSO operator. The planning and layout of such a vessel and its processing plant have usually not gone through any as low as reasonably achievable process during design...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881839/a-polymorphism-in-human-mr1-is-associated-with-mrna-expression-and-susceptibility-to-tuberculosis
#4
C Seshadri, N T T Thuong, N T H Mai, N D Bang, T T H Chau, D M Lewinsohn, G E Thwaites, S J Dunstan, T R Hawn
The MR1 antigen-presenting system is conserved among mammals and enables T cells to recognize small molecules produced by bacterial pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb). However, it is not known whether MR1-mediated antigen presentation is important for protective immunity against mycobacterial disease. We hypothesized that genetic control of MR1 expression correlates with clinical outcomes of tuberculosis infection. We performed an MR1 candidate gene association study and identified an intronic single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs1052632) that was significantly associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis in a discovery and validation cohort of Vietnamese adults with tuberculosis...
November 24, 2016: Genes and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878638/evolution-of-ds-1-like-g1p-8-double-gene-reassortant-rotavirus-a-strains-causing-gastroenteritis-in-children-in-vietnam-in-2012-2013
#5
Toyoko Nakagomi, Minh Quang Nguyen, Punita Gauchan, Chantal Ama Agbemabiese, Miho Kaneko, Loan Phuong Do, Thiem Dinh Vu, Osamu Nakagomi
Rotavirus A (RVA) strains, a leading cause of severe gastroenteritis in children worldwide, commonly possess the Wa or DS-1 genotype constellations. During a hospital-based study conducted in Hanoi, Vietnam, in the 2012-2013 rotavirus season, G1P[8] strains with a virtually identical short RNA migration pattern were detected in 20 (14%) of 141 rotavirus-positive samples. Two representatives of these strains were shown by whole-genome sequencing to be double-gene reassortants possessing the genotype constellation of G1-P[8]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T2-E2-H2...
November 23, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872070/estimation-of-the-in-vivo-minimum-inhibitory-concentration-of-cipargamin-in-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria
#6
Hien Tinh Tran, Nicholas J White, Thuy-Nhien Thanh Nguyen, Hoa Thi Nhu, Thuan Duc Phung, Joel Tarning, François Nosten, Baldur Magnusson, Jay Prakash Jain, Kamal Hamed
The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of an antimalarial drug for a particular infection is the drug level associated with a net parasite multiplication rate of one per asexual cycle. To ensure cure of malaria the MIC must be exceeded until all parasites have been eliminated. The development of highly sensitive and accurate polymerase chain reaction quantitation of low-density malaria parasitemia enables prospective pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) characterization of antimalarial drug effects, and now allows identification of the in-vivo MIC...
November 21, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866287/examining-the-gastric-cancer-survival-gap-between-asians-and-whites-in-the-united-states
#7
Hongbin Jin, Paulo S Pinheiro, Karen E Callahan, Sean F Altekruse
BACKGROUND: Globally, Asian countries bear a disproportionate gastric cancer burden. Asian Americans, the fastest growing minority population in the US, have higher gastric cancer survival than non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) despite higher incidence. Benefitting from uniform cancer registry standards within the US, we examine for the first time the heterogeneity in the Asian American population, which may elucidate the causes of these disparities. METHODS: SEER gastric cancer data from 2000 to 2012 were used to calculate 5-year survival estimates for NHWs and the six largest Asian ethnicities...
November 19, 2016: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861516/the-mcme-project-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-sms-based-continuing-medical-education-intervention-for-improving-medical-knowledge-among-vietnamese-community-based-physicians-assistants
#8
Christopher J Gill, Bao Le Ngoc, Nafisa Halim, Ha Nguyen Viet, Anna Larson Williams, Tan Nguyen Van, Marion McNabb, Lien Tran Thi Ngoc, Ariel Falconer, Hai An Phan Ha, Julia Rohr, Hai Hoang, James Michiel, Tam Nguyen Thi Thanh, Liat Bird, Hoang Pham Vu, Mahlet Yeshitla, Nhu Ha Van, Lora Sabin
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) provide critical services to underserved populations in low and middle-income countries, but maintaining CHW's clinical knowledge through formal continuing medical education (CME) activities is challenging and rarely occurs. We tested whether a Short Message Service (SMS)-based mobile CME (mCME) intervention could improve medical knowledge among a cadre of Vietnamese CHWs (Community Based Physician's Assistants-CBPAs) who are the leading providers of primary medical care for rural underserved populations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855667/molecular-evolution-of-type-2-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-viruses-circulating-in-vietnam-from-2007-to-2015
#9
Hai Quynh Do, Dinh Thau Trinh, Thi Lan Nguyen, Thi Thu Hang Vu, Duc Duong Than, Thi Van Lo, Minjoo Yeom, Daesub Song, SeEun Choe, Dong-Jun An, Van Phan Le
BACKGROUND: Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome (PRRS) virus is one of the most economically significant pathogens in the Vietnamese swine industry. ORF5, which participates in many functional processes, including virion assembly, entry of the virus into the host cell, and viral adaptation to the host immune response, has been widely used in molecular evolution and phylogeny studies. Knowing of molecular evolution of PRRSV fields strains might contribute to PRRS control in Vietnam...
November 17, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854060/comparison-of-predicted-aquatic-risks-of-pesticides-used-under-different-rice-farming-strategies-in-the-mekong-delta-vietnam
#10
Nadja Stadlinger, Håkan Berg, Paul J Van den Brink, Nguyen T Tam, Jonas S Gunnarsson
This study evaluates the risks of pesticides applied in rice-fish and rice farming, with and without integrated pest management (IPM) strategies, to non-target aquatic organisms in two provinces of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Pesticide inventories and application patterns were collected from 120 Vietnamese farmers through interviews. Risks were assessed using (1) Pesticide RIsks in the Tropics to Man, Environment, and Trade (PRIMET), a first-tier model, which calculates predicted environmental concentrations (PECs) of pesticides in the rice field, based on the compound's physico-chemical properties and the application pattern, and then compares the PECs to safe concentrations based on literature data, and (2) species sensitivity distribution (SSD), a second-tier assessment model using species sensitivity distributions to calculate potentially affected fraction (PAF) of species based on the PECs from PRIMET...
November 16, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853877/genetic-polymorphisms-of-20-autosomal-str-loci-in-the-vietnamese-population-from-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#11
Xiufeng Zhang, Liping Hu, Lei Du, Aiting Nie, Min Rao, Jing Bo Pang, Shengjie Nie
The genetic polymorphisms of 20 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in the PowerPlex® 21 kit were evaluated in 522 healthy unrelated Vietnamese from Yunnan, China. All of the loci reached the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. These loci were examined to determine allele frequencies and forensic statistical parameters. The combined discrimination power and probability of excluding paternity of the 20 STR loci were 0.999999999999999999999991 26 and 0.999999975, respectively. Results suggested that the 20 STR loci are highly polymorphic, which is suitable for forensic personal identification and paternity testing...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822934/births-to-parents-with-asian-origins-in-the-united-states-1992-2012
#12
Do Hyun Kim, Jihyun Jeon, Chang Gi Park, Sudhir Sriram, Kwang Sun Lee
Despite a remarkable increase in Asian births in the U.S., studies on their birth outcomes have been lacking. We investigated outcomes of births to Asian parents and biracial Asian/White parents in the U.S. From the U.S. birth data (1992-2012), we selected singleton births to Korean, Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Asian Indian, and Vietnamese. These births were divided into three groups; births to White mother/Asian father, Asian mother/White father, and births to the both ethnic Asian parents. We compared birth outcomes of these 18 subgroups to those of the White mother/White father group...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814728/victimisation-poly-victimisation-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-high-school-students-in-vietnam-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Minh T H Le, Sara Holton, Huong T Nguyen, Rory Wolfe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: In high and upper-middle income countries poly-victimisation (exposure to multiple forms of victimisation) is associated with worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among adolescents. There is a lack of empirical evidence about these associations from low- and lower-middle income countries. The aims of this study were to examine the associations between exposure to 1) individual forms of victimisation and 2) poly-victimisation and the HRQoL of adolescents in Vietnam...
November 4, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814672/identification-by-the-dartseq-method-of-the-genetic-origin-of-the-coffea-canephora-cultivated-in-vietnam-and-mexico
#14
Andrea Garavito, Christophe Montagnon, Romain Guyot, Benoît Bertrand
BACKGROUND: The coffee species Coffea canephora is commercially identified as "Conilon" when produced in Brazil, or "Robusta" when produced elsewhere in the world. It represents approximately 40 % of coffee production worldwide. While the genetic diversity of wild C. canephora has been well studied in the past, only few studies have addressed the genetic diversity of currently cultivated varieties around the globe. Vietnam is the largest Robusta producer in the world, while Mexico is the only Latin American country, besides Brazil, that has a significant Robusta production...
November 4, 2016: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812723/longitudinal-associations-between-bullying-and-mental-health-among-adolescents-in-vietnam
#15
Ha Thi Hai Le, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Marilyn A Campbell, Michelle L Gatton, Nam T Tran, Michael P Dunne
OBJECTIVES: This study measured bullying roles across an academic year and examined how change in bullying experiences is associated with symptoms of depression, psychological distress, and suicidal ideation among adolescents in Vietnam. METHODS: 1424 students in middle and high schools completed two self-administered questionnaires, six months apart in 2014-2015. RESULTS: Students who were victimised often and those who were classified as highly involved as both victims and bullies at one or both survey times showed significantly higher levels of depression, psychological distress, and suicidal ideation than other students...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809900/significance-of-nucleic-acid-testing-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-post-neurosurgical-meningitis-caused-by-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-a-case-report
#16
Ngo Tat Trung, Trinh Van Son, Dao Thanh Quyen, Dang Thi Viet Anh, Vu Viet Sang, Nguyen Xuan Lam, Nguyen Dang Manh, Vuong Phuc Duong, Bui Tri Cuong, Quyen Dang Tuyen, Nguyen Xuan Chinh, Phan Quoc Hoan, Hoang Van Tong, Christian G Meyer, Le Huu Song
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgery may pose the risk of patients' developing nosocomial meningitis caused by infection with hospital pathogens. Rapid detection of the causative pathogens is essential for selecting the appropriate antibiotic treatment. However, the classical culture-based detection of bacterial infection is time-consuming and often fails to establish the correct diagnosis. Molecular techniques offer improved diagnostic means to guide the proper antibiotic therapy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 32-year-old Vietnamese man underwent neurosurgery and subsequently developed meningitis...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807717/the-clinical-features-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta-in-vietnam
#17
Ho Duy Binh, Katre Maasalu, Vu Chi Dung, Can T Bich Ngoc, Ton That Hung, Tran V Nam, Le N Thanh Nhan, Ele Prans, Ene Reimann, Lidiia Zhytnik, Sulev Kõks, Aare Märtson
PURPOSE: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) has not been studied in a Vietnamese population before. The aim of this study was to systematically collect epidemiological information, investigate clinical features and create a clinical database of OI patients in Vietnam for future research and treatment strategy development. METHOD: Participants underwent clinical and physical examinations; also medical records were reviewed. Genealogical information was collected and family members' phenotypical manifestations recorded...
November 2, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802339/full-genome-characterization-of-novel-ds-1-like-g8p-8-rotavirus-strains-that-have-emerged-in-thailand-reassortment-of-bovine-and-human-rotavirus-gene-segments-in-emerging-ds-1-like-intergenogroup-reassortant-strains
#18
Ratana Tacharoenmuang, Satoshi Komoto, Ratigorn Guntapong, Tomihiko Ide, Phakapun Sinchai, Sompong Upachai, Tetsushi Yoshikawa, Piyanit Tharmaphornpilas, Somchai Sangkitporn, Koki Taniguchi
The emergence and rapid spread of unusual DS-1-like intergenogroup reassortant rotavirus strains have been recently reported in Asia, Australia, and Europe. During rotavirus surveillance in Thailand in 2013-2014, novel DS-1-like intergenogroup reassortant strains having G8P[8] genotypes (i.e., strains KKL-17, PCB-79, PCB-84, PCB-85, PCB-103, SKT-107, SWL-12, NP-130, PCB-656, SKT-457, SSKT-269, and SSL-55) were identified in stool samples from hospitalized children with severe diarrhea. In this study, we determined and characterized the complete genomes of these 12 strains (seven strains, KKL-17, PCB-79, PCB-84, PCB-85, PCB-103, SKT-107, and SWL-12, found in 2013 (2013 strains), and five, NP-130, PCB-656, SKT-457, SSKT-269, and SSL-55, in 2014 (2014 strains))...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802311/waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-and-gastric-cancer-risk-among-vietnamese-men
#19
Hang Thi Minh Lai, Chihaya Koriyama, Shinkan Tokudome, Hoc Hieu Tran, Long Thanh Tran, Athira Nandakumar, Suminori Akiba, Ngoan Tran Le
BACKGROUND: The association of waterpipe tobacco (WPT) smoking with gastric cancer (GC) risk was suggested. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted to examine the association of WPT with GC risk among Vietnamese men, in Hanoi city, during the period of 2003-2011. Newly-diagnosed GC cases (n = 454) and control patients (n = 628) were matched by age (+/- 5 years) and the year of hospitalization. Information on smoking and alcohol drinking habits and diet including salty food intake and fruits/vegetables consumption were obtained by the interview...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800598/health-examination-is-not-a-priority-for-less-acculturated-asian-americans
#20
Sunmin Lee, David H Chae, Mary Y Jung, Lu Chen, Hee-Soon Juon
This study examines the associations between acculturation and three health examination behaviors (physical, dental, and eye exams) among 846 Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese Americans. The study was part of a randomized, community-based trial on liver cancer prevention that targeted Asian Americans in Washington DC metropolitan area. Acculturation was assessed using Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation (SL-ASIA) scale, acculturation clusters, and length of stay. Health examination behaviors in the last 2 years were self-reported...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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