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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049400/spoligotyping-and-whole-genome-sequencing-analysis-of-lineage-1-strains-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-da-nang-vietnam
#1
Minako Hijikata, Naoto Keicho, Le Van Duc, Shinji Maeda, Nguyen Thi Le Hang, Ikumi Matsushita, Seiya Kato
BACKGROUND: Spacer oligonucleotide typing (spoligotyping), a widely used, classical genotyping method for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), is a PCR-based dot-blot hybridization technique to detect the genetic diversity of the direct repeat (DR) region. Of the seven major MTBC lineages in the world, lineage 1 (Indo-Oceanic) mostly corresponds to the East African-Indian (EAI) spoligotype family in East Africa and Southeast Asia. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the genomic features of Vietnamese lineage 1 strains, comparing spoligotype patterns using whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048352/effects-of-short-term-probiotic-ingestion-on-immune-profiles-and-microbial-translocation-among-hiv-1-infected-vietnamese-children
#2
Azumi Ishizaki, Xiuqiong Bi, Lam Van Nguyen, Kazunori Matsuda, Hung Viet Pham, Chung Thi Thu Phan, Dung Thi Khanh Khu, Hiroshi Ichimura
Here, we investigated the effects of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) on immune profiles and intestinal microbial translocation among children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This prospective study included 60 HIV-infected children-including 31 without antiretroviral therapy (ART) (HIV(+)) and 29 who received ART for a median of 3.5 years (ART(+)) and 20 children without HIV infection (HIV(-)). Participants were recruited in Vietnam. All children were given fermented milk containing LcS (6...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047316/molecular-analysis-of-haemoglobin-e-in-southeast-asian-populations
#3
Wittaya Jomoui, Goonnapa Fucharoen, Kanokwan Sanchaisuriya, Nga Thi Nguyen, Hoa Van Nguyen, Supan Fucharoen
Haemoglobin (Hb) E is the most common Hb variant in Asia where its gene frequency approaches 0.3 in some areas. We studied genetic background of Hb E genes among Southeast Asian populations. This study examined β-globin gene haplotypes linked to haemoglobin E (Hb E) in diverse groups of Southeast Asian populations. The study was conducted on southern Thai (22 alleles), Cambodian (84 alleles), Laotian (120 alleles), Vietnamese (87 alleles) and Burmese (one allele) subjects. Results were compared with those of previous studies in northeast Thailand, the Yunnan of China, West India and Europe...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044368/use-of-bayesian-networks-in-predicting-contamination-of-drinking-water-with-e-coli-in-rural-vietnam
#4
David C Hall, Quynh B Le
Background: More than 70 million Vietnamese rely on small-scale farming for some form of household income. Water on many of those farms is contaminated with waste, including animal manure, partly due to non-sustainable waste management. This increases the risk of water-related zoonotic disease transmission. The purpose of this research was to examine the impact of various demographic and management factors on the likelihood of finding Escherichia coli in drinking water sourced from wells and rainwater on farms in Vietnam...
June 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040083/consumption-of-edible-ice-contaminated-with-acinetobacter-pseudomonas-and-stenotrophomonas-is-a-risk-factor-for-fecal-colonization-with-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-vietnam
#5
Tatsuya Nakayama, Nguyen Cong Ha, Phong Quoc Le, Ryuji Kawahara, Yuko Kumeda, Yoshinori Sumimura, Yoshimasa Yamamoto
Although Vietnamese residents frequently harbor extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E), it is unclear which foods/beverages are risk factors for acquiring these bacteria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency with which edible ice served in restaurants is contaminated with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and thereby clarify whether this product poses a risk for ESBL-E carriage in humans. Ice from restaurants in Vietnam and Japan was screened for bacteria capable of growing on agar containing cefotaxime (BG-CTX)...
2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039287/strongyloides-stercoralis-seroprevalence-in-vietnam
#6
Nguyen Thi Ngoc Diep, Pham Quang Thai, Nghiem Nguyen Minh Trang, Julia Jäger, Annette Fox, Peter Horby, Hoang Vu Mai Phuong, Dang Duc Anh, LE Thi Quynh Mai, H Rogier VAN Doorn, Behzad Nadjm
Strongyloidiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by the roundworm Strongyloides stercoralis affecting 30-100 million people worldwide. Many Southeast-Asian countries report a high prevalence of S. stercoralis infection, but there are little data from Vietnam. Here, we evaluated the seroprevalence of S. stercoralis related to geography, sex and age in Vietnam through serological testing of anonymized sera. Sera (n = 1710, 1340 adults and 270 children) from an anonymized age-stratified serum bank from four regions in Vietnam between 2012 and 2013 were tested using a commercial Strongyloides ratti immunoglobulin G ELISA...
October 17, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037545/perineal-length-among-vietnamese-women
#7
Anh T Trinh, Tanya A Nippita, Trang N Dien, Jonathan M Morris, Christine L Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Vietnamese clinicians routinely perform episiotomies in the belief that 3rd-4th degree tears may be prevented, based partly on the view that Vietnamese women have a short perineal length that puts them at increased risk of tears. However, there is no evidence to suggest Vietnamese women have a short perineum compared with other populations. We aimed to determine the mean perineal length among Vietnamese women in early labor and in the second stage, and to compare this to findings from similar studies in other populations...
October 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037054/exposure-to-tobacco-advertising-promotion-among-the-adult-population-in-vietnam-and-its-implications-for-public-health
#8
Le Thi Thanh Huong, Tran Khanh Long, Tran Thi Van Anh, Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh, Kim Bao Giang, Phan Thi Hai, Doan Thu Huyen, Luong Ngoc Khue, Nguyen Tuan Lam, Pham Quynh Nga, Nguyen The Quan, Tran Nu Quy Linh, Nguyen Thanh Ha, Hoang Van Minh
INTRODUCTION: The Law on Tobacco Control and the Law on Advertisement prohibit the advertising of any tobacco product in Vietnam. Tobacco promotion and marketing are alsostrictly prohibited. However, the violation of tobacco adverting and promotion is still common in Vietnam. OBJECTIVES: This article aims at describing the exposure to tobacco advertising and promotion among the population aged 15+ years in Vietnam based on the data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2015 from the view of the community, identifying any possible associations between the exposure to tobacco advertising and promotion and other individual factors, and discussing its possible public health implications...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034814/entomophthoromycosis-and-mucormycosis-as-causes-of-pneumonia-in-vietnamese-potbellied-pigs
#9
Dawn E Evans, Atsushi Kawabata, Leslie D Wilson, Kenneth Kim, Shannon D Dehghanpir, Steve D Gaunt, Matt Welborn, Britton Grasperge, Marjorie S Gill
Two Vietnamese potbellied pigs ( Sus scrofa) had respiratory disease and, on autopsy, both pigs had large masses in the lungs and thoracic cavity. Microscopically, pulmonary and pleural masses contained large areas with hyphae surrounded by hypereosinophilic cellular debris rimmed by abundant eosinophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and histiocytes with occasional multinucleate giant cells. The hypereosinophilic debris usually formed tight cuffs, or "sleeves" around the hyphae, compatible with Splendore-Hoeppli-like material...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030958/association-of-meox2-polymorphism-with-nonsyndromic-cleft-palate-only-in-a-vietnamese-population
#10
Duy Le Tran, Hideto Imura, Akihiro Mori, Satoshi Suzuki, Teruyuki Niimi, Maya Ono, Chisato Sakuma, Shinichi Nakahara, Tham Thi Hong Nguyen, Phuong Thi Pham, Viet Hoang, Van Thi Tuyet Tran, Minh Duc Nguyen, Nagato Natsume
To evaluate the association between the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs227493 in the MEOX2 gene and nonsyndromic cleft palate only, this research was conducted as a case-control study by comparing a nonsyndromic cleft palate only group with an independent, healthy, and unaffected control group who were both examined by specialists. Based on clinical examination and medical records, we analyzed a total of 570 DNA samples, including 277 cases and 293 controls, which were extracted from dry blood spot samples collected from both the Odonto and Maxillofacial Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City and Nguyen Dinh Chieu Hospital in Ben Tre province respectively...
October 14, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030311/potential-transmission-opportunity-of-ctx-m-producing-escherichia-coli-in-large-scale-chicken-farm-in-vietnam
#11
Ngan Bui Thi Kim, Huong Bui Thi Mai, Shuhei Ueda, Tuyen Le Danh, Yoshimasa Yamamoto, Itaru Hirai
OBJECTIVES: Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli has been spread out worldwide. We investigated blaCTX-M-positive E. coli in a Vietnamese large-size chicken farm, and evaluated whether there was any different prevalence and molecular characters of blaCTX-M-positive E. coli between the large size chicken farm and a Vietnamese community. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from 24 human individuals and 38 chickens of a large-scale chicken farm, and from 51 human and 36 chickens of a community...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026785/evaluation-of-p16-ink4%C3%AE-hypermethylation-from-liquid-based-pap-test-samples-in-vietnamese-population
#12
Phuong Kim Truong, Thuan Duc Lao, Thuy Ai Huyen LE
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been considered as main cause of cervical cancer. Recently, aberrant DNA methylation at tumor suppressor genes (TSGs), leading to inactivation, has also been an early epigenetic event and cofactor in cervical carcinogenesis. This study was performed to evaluate an association between the hypermethylation of p16(INK4α) gene's promoter and HPV exposure in non-invasive samples (liquid-based papanicolaous samples) in Vietnamese population...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025928/draft-genome-sequence-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-strain-a6-a-strong-acid-producer-isolated-from-a-vietnamese-fermented-sausage-nem-chua
#13
Aida Golneshin, Mian-Chee Gor, Thi Thu Hao Van, Bee May, Rob J Moore, Andrew T Smith
Lactobacillus plantarum strain A6, a strong acid producer, was isolated from a Vietnamese fermented sausage (nem chua). Here, we report the genome sequence of this strain (3,368,579 bp).
October 12, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022122/association-of-interferon-lambda-polymorphisms-with-elevated-baseline-viral-loads-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-6-infection
#14
Linh Thuy Nguyen, Dzung Van Nguyen, Michael J Carr, William W Hall, Lan Anh Nguyen
Globally, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major causes of hepatocellular carcinoma and liver cirrhosis. For clinical decision making, genetic variation in the interferon-λ (IFNL) cluster has been utilised as a baseline predictor of natural and interferon-based treatment-induced viral clearance. In Vietnam, where HCV genotypes 1 (g1) and g6 predominate, no prior studies have been conducted investigating associations of IFNL3/4 polymorphisms with spontaneous clearance (SC) or HCV viral load (VL) in chronic infection...
October 11, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020996/quality-of-life-profile-of-general-vietnamese-population-using-eq-5d-5l
#15
Long Hoang Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le, Tung Thanh Tran, Carl A Latkin
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a vital benchmark to assess the effects of health interventions and policies. Measuring HRQOL of the general population is essential to establish a reference for health outcomes evaluations. However, evidence on HRQOL of general populations in low and middle income countries is very limited. This study aimed to measure HRQOL of the Vietnamese population by using the EuroQol-5 dimensions-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) instrument and determine its associated factors...
October 11, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019027/acculturation-acculturative-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-in-international-migrants-a-study-with-vietnamese-women-in-south-korea
#16
Yong Ju Cho, Yuri Jang, Jung Eun Ko, Sun Hae Lee, Soo Kyung Moon
Globally, there have been increasing numbers of migrant women; these women are at an increased risk for depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among acculturation, acculturative stress and depressive symptoms in Vietnamese women who migrated to South Korea through marriages. We hypothesized that acculturative stress would serve as a mediator in the relationship between acculturation and depressive symptoms. Our findings from surveys with 217 Vietnamese immigrant women showed that the indirect effect of acculturation on depressive symptoms, mediated through acculturative stress [- ...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018250/molecular-analysis-of-pyrazinamide-resistance-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-vietnam-highlights-the-high-rate-of-pyrazinamide-resistance-associated-mutations-in-clinical-isolates
#17
Nguyen Quang Huy, Contamin Lucie, Tran Thi Thanh Hoa, Nguyen Van Hung, Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan, Nguyen Thai Son, Nguyen Viet Nhung, Dang Duc Anh, Bañuls Anne-Laure, Nguyen Thi Van Anh
Pyrazinamide (PZA) is a key antibiotic in current anti-tuberculosis regimens. Although the WHO has stressed the urgent need to obtain data on PZA resistance, in high tuberculosis burden countries, little is known about the level of PZA resistance, the genetic basis of such resistance or its link with Mycobacterium tuberculosis families. In this context, this study assessed PZA resistance through the molecular analysis of 260 Vietnamese M. tuberculosis isolates. First-line drug susceptibility testing, pncA gene sequencing, spoligotyping and mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable number of tandem repeats (MIRU-VNTR) typing were performed...
October 11, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994700/social-hazards-as-manifested-workplace-discrimination-and-health-vietnamese-and-ukrainian-female-and-male-migrants-in-czechia
#18
Dušan Drbohlav, Dagmar Dzúrová
Social hazards as one of the dimensions of workplace discrimination are a potential social determinant of health inequalities. The aim of this study was to investigate relations between self-reported health and social hazard characteristics (defined as-discrimination as such, violence or threat of violence, time pressure or work overload and risk of accident) among Vietnamese and Ukrainian migrants (males and females) in Czechia by age, education level and marital status. This study is based on data from a survey of 669 immigrants in Czechia in 2013...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993292/inter-individual-and-intragenomic-variations-in-the-its-region-of-clonorchis-sinensis-trematoda-opisthorchiidae-from-russia-and-vietnam
#19
Yulia V Tatonova, Galina N Chelomina, Hung Manh Nguyen
Here we examined the intraspecific genetic variability of Clonorchis sinensis from Russia and Vietnam using nuclear DNA sequences (the 5.8S gene and two internal transcribed spacers of the ribosomal cluster). Despite the low level of variability in the ITS1 region, this marker has revealed some features of C. sinensis across multiple geographic regions. The genetic diversity levels for the Russian and Vietnamese populations were similar (0.1 and 0.09%, respectively) but were significantly lower than the C. sinensis from China (0...
October 6, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992900/cultural-differences-in-symptom-representation-for-depression-and-somatization-measured-by-the-phq-between-vietnamese-and-german-psychiatric-outpatients
#20
Annegret Dreher, Eric Hahn, Albert Diefenbacher, Main Huong Nguyen, Kerem Böge, Hannah Burian, Michael Dettling, Ronald Burian, Thi Minh Tam Ta
OBJECTIVE: Despite an extensive body of research on somatic symptom presentation among people of East- and Southeast-Asian descent, results are still inconclusive. Examining and comparing symptom presentation in clinically and ethnically well-characterized populations may constitute a step towards understanding symptom presentation between patients with a different cultural background. This study aims to compare Vietnamese and German patients regarding cultural dynamics of symptom presentation upon first admission to a psychiatric outpatient service...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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