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Quan-Hoang Vuong, Trong-Khang Nguyen
The research process started in the first week of August 10, 2014 and ended early February 2015, obtaining qualified data for 330 patients from many hospitals in northern Vietnam. Its expansion was performed for an enlarged dataset through May 2015, containing 900 records. This article exemplifies the attempt to examine the likelihood of destitution among Vietnamese patients due to insufficient insurance coverage, cost of treatment and patient׳s status of residency during a curative hospital stay. The result suggests that the patients, who are poor and come from rural areas, face serious obstacles in accessing health care services...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Dung VAN Nguyen, Junko Suzuki, Shohei Minami, Kenzo Yonemitsu, Nao Nagata, Ryusei Kuwata, Hiroshi Shimoda, Chien Kim Vu, Thuy Quoc Truong, Ken Maeda
Canine distemper virus (CDV) is one of the most serious pathogens found in many species of carnivores, including domestic dogs. In this study, hemagglutinin (H) genes were detected in five domestic Vietnamese dogs with diarrhea, and two CDVs were successfully isolated from dogs positive for H genes. The complete genome of one isolate, CDV/dog/HCM/33/140816, was determined. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all Vietnamese CDVs belonged to the Asia-1 genotype. In addition, the H proteins of Vietnamese CDV strains were the most homologous to those of Chinese CDVs (98...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Keisuke Yoshihara, Minh Nhat Le, Koo Nagasawa, Hiroyuki Tsukagoshi, Hien Anh Nguyen, Michiko Toizumi, Hiroyuki Moriuchi, Masahiro Hashizume, Koya Ariyoshi, Duc Anh Dang, Hirokazu Kimura, Lay-Myint Yoshida
We performed molecular evolutionary analyses of the G gene C-terminal 3rd hypervariable region of RSV-A genotypes NA1 and ON1 strains from the paediatric acute respiratory infection patients in central Vietnam during the 2010-2012 study period. Time-scaled phylogenetic analyses were performed using Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method, and pairwise distances (p-distances) were calculated. Bayesian Skyline Plot (BSP) was constructed to analyze the time-trend relative genetic diversity of central Vietnam RSV-A strains...
October 13, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Myhanh Nguyen, Jay Siak, Soon-Phaik Chee, Vo Quang Hong Diem
PURPOSE: To describe the pattern of uveitis among Vietnamese at two eye hospitals in Southern Vietnam. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 212 consecutive uveitis cases that presented to two eye hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, from July 2011 to February 2015. The patients were identified from a database maintained by the hospitals. Patients with keratitis, episcleritis, orbital inflammation, post-surgical endophthalmitis, traumatic iritis, and corneal graft rejection were excluded...
October 11, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Emilie Strady, Vu Bich Hanh Dang, Julien Némery, Stéphane Guédron, Quoc Tuc Dinh, Hervé Denis, Phuoc Dan Nguyen
The Saigon River, Southern Vietnam, crosses one of the most dynamic developing Megacity in Southeast Asia: Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). The increased economic, industrial, and domestic developments may affect the environmental quality of water and halieutic resources. In this study, we evaluated the seasonal (dry and wet seasons) biogeochemical state of the Saigon River during two snapshot campaigns conducted along the river basin upstream from HCMC; the Saigon River was characterized by slightly acidic (pH 5.7-7...
October 10, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Tran Thi Hong Hanh, Le Thi Vien, Le Ba Vinh, Nguyen Van Thanh, Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Do Cong Thung, Phan Van Kiem, Chau Van Minh
Eight highly hydroxylated steroids (1-8), including three new compounds as sodium salts of (24S)-5α-cholestane-3β,4β,5,6α,7β,8,14,15α,24-nonaol 6-sulfate (1), (24E)-5α-cholest-24-ene-26-yde-3β,6α,8,14,15α-pentaol 15-sulfate (2), and 5α-cholest-3β,6α,8,14,15α,24,25,26-octaol 15-sulfate (3), were isolated and elucidated from the methanol extract of the Vietnamese starfish Archaster typicus. The structure elucidation was done by spectroscopic methods including one and two dimensional (1D-, 2D-)NMR and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR)-MS...
2016: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Nobuhiro Takemae, Yugo Shobugawa, Phuong Thanh Nguyen, Tung Nguyen, Tien Ngoc Nguyen, Thanh Long To, Phuong Duy Thai, Tho Dang Nguyen, Duy Thanh Nguyen, Dung Kim Nguyen, Hoa Thi Do, Thi Quynh Anh Le, Phan Truong Hua, Hung Van Vo, Diep Thi Nguyen, Dang Hoang Nguyen, Yuko Uchida, Reiko Saito, Takehiko Saito
BACKGROUND: Influenza A viruses of swine (IAV-S) cause acute and subclinical respiratory disease. To increase our understanding of the etiology of the subclinical form and thus help prevent the persistence of IAV-S in pig populations, we conducted active virologic surveillance in Vietnam, the second-largest pig-producing country in Asia, from February 2010 to December 2013. RESULTS: From a total of 7034 nasal swabs collected from clinically healthy pigs at 250 farms and 10 slaughterhouses, we isolated 172 IAV-S from swine at the weaning and early-fattening stages...
October 10, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh, Bui Thi Nhung, Duong Thi Anh Dao, Le Thi Tuyet, Le Thi Hop, Tran Quang Binh, Vu Thi Minh Thuc
BACKGROUND: The dyslipidemia associated with obesity plays a major role in the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Dyslipidemia in childhood can progress in adult stage. APOE is one of the most important genes that regulate plasma lipid transport and clearance. The study aimed to assess whether the common APOE polymorphism is associated with lipid profiles and dyslipidemia, and it could be modulated by obesity-related traits (body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio) in Vietnamese children...
October 10, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Oanh Tran Thi Hoang, Pornchai Jullamate, Naiyana Piphatvanitcha, Edwin Rosenberg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between age, gender, history of falls, balance and gait status, general health perception, activities of daily living and depression to fear of falling in community-dwelling older people in Danang, Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Fear of falling is a common and consequential psychosocial problem for older people and can lead to decreased quality of life. There is only limited research on fear of falling in Vietnam. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
(no author information available yet)
: Reports an error in "Distant but relative: Similarities and differences in gender role beliefs among African American and Vietnamese American women" by Jasmine A. Abrams, Sarah J. Javier, Morgan L. Maxwell, Faye Z. Belgrave and Anh Bao Nguyen (, 2016[Apr], Vol 22[2], 256-267). In the article, the name of author Anh Bao Nguyen was misspelled as Boa Anh Nguyen. The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record .) Objectives: Research attempting to identify similarities or disentangle differences in ethnic minority gender role beliefs has been largely absent in the literature, and a gap remains for qualitative examinations of such phenomena...
October 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Quynh Th Pham, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Food marketing has been identified as a target for intervention in the prevention of childhood overweight and obesity within countries and globally, and promotion of healthy diets has been classified as a key strategy to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases and health inequalities. The present study aims to investigate how Vietnamese middle-class household food providers are impacted by food advertising communications, their views of food marketing and the ways they think the government can control food marketing to assist people to consume healthier diets...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Rijal Satria, Osamu Sasaki, Bui Tuan Viet, Emiko Oguri, Kazutaka Syoji, Brian L Fisher, Sk Yamane, Katsuyuki Eguchi
The monotypic ant genus Xymmer Santschi, 1914 was established for X. muticus (Santschi, 1914) which has so far been known only from the West African subregion. The genus is easily distinguishable from the other amblyoponine genera by the anteromedian part of clypeus which is produced as a short rectangular lobe. Additional undescribed species had been found exclusively from Madagascar and Africa until recently. However, in March, 2015, a Xymmer colony was found in northern Central Vietnam. In the present paper Xymmer phungi sp...
September 14, 2016: Zootaxa
Hanh Nguyen-Thi-Bich, Huong Duong-Thi-Ly, Vu Thi Thom, Nhung Pham-Thi-Hong, Long Doan Dinh, Huong Le-Thi-Minh, Timothy John Craig, Sy Duong-Quy
INTRODUCTION: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is a biomarker of airway inflammation in asthma. The measurement of FENO is utilized to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of children with asthma, especially for those treated with inhaled corticosteroids. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the correlations between FENO and atopic status, blood eosinophil levels, FCER2 mutation, and asthma control in Vietnamese children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective and descriptive study approved by the local Ethical Board...
2016: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
Huong Thi Thanh Doan, Xuyen Thi Kim Le, Roan Thi Do, Chau Thi Minh Hoang, Khue Thi Nguyen, Thanh Hoa Le
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify the genetic characteristics and molecular genotyping of duck hepatitis A virus (DHAV) isolated in Vietnam during 2009-2013. METHODOLOGY: Thirty duckling livers from outbreaks between 2009 and 2013 in seven provinces were collected and identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Then, VP1 genes of eleven positive samples and two attenuated vaccine strains were sequenced and analyzed. RESULTS: Genotypic and phylogenetic analyses indicated that the 13 Vietnamese isolates were classified into two genotypes, DHAV-1 and DHAV-3...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Caroline A Thompson, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Katherine G Hastings, Kristopher Kapphahn, Peter Yu, Salma Shariff-Marco, Ami S Bhatt, Heather A Wakelee, Manali I Patel, Mark R Cullen, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: Asian Americans (AA) are the fastest growing U.S. population, and when properly distinguished by their ethnic origins, exhibit substantial heterogeneity in socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and health outcomes. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, yet trends and current patterns in the mortality burden of cancer among AA ethnic groups have not been documented. METHODS: We report age-adjusted rates, standardized mortality ratios, and modeled trends in cancer-related mortality in the following AA ethnicities: Asian Indians, Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese, Koreans, and Vietnamese, from 2003 to 2011, with non-Hispanic whites (NHW) as the reference population...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Fang-Hsin Lee, Hsiu-Hung Wang, Yung-Mei Yang, Joh-Jong Huang, Hsiu-Min Tsai
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the factors associated with the intention to receive a Pap test among married immigrant women of Vietnamese origin living in Taiwan. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional community-based study. We enrolled 281 women aged 30 years and over in the study, from July 2013 to January 2014. The participants' characteristics, cervical cancer knowledge, Pap test knowledge, attitudes toward cervical cancer, barriers to receiving a Pap test, fatalism, and intention to receive a Pap test, were measured using self-report questionnaires...
September 2016: Asian Nursing Research
Hoang Van Tong, Nguyen Kim Luu, Ho Anh Son, Nguyen Van Hoan, Trinh Thanh Hung, Thirumalaisamy P Velavan, Nguyen Linh Toan
AIM: Adipose tissue-derived hormones are associated with metabolic disorders including T2DM. This study investigated the levels of adiponectin and pro-inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), Interleukin-10 (IL-10) in Vietnamese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and their correlations with clinical parameters of overweight and T2DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on body mass index (BMI), 73 patients with T2DM were divided either as overweight or non-overweight subjects...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
J T Lennon, D Nguyễn-Thùy, T M Phạm, A Drobniak, P H Tạ, N Ð Phạm, T Streil, K D Webster, A Schimmelmann
Sources and sinks of methane (CH4 ) are critical for understanding global biogeochemical cycles and their role in climate change. A growing number of studies have reported that CH4 concentrations in cave ecosystems are depleted, leading to the notion that these subterranean environments may act as sinks for atmospheric CH4 . Recently, it was hypothesized that this CH4 depletion may be caused by radiolysis, an abiotic process whereby CH4 is oxidized via interactions with ionizing radiation derived from radioactive decay...
September 27, 2016: Geobiology
Dianne Goeman, J Michael, J King, Huy Luu, Claire Emmanuel, S Koch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Vietnamese Dementia talking-book was to address low health literacy in older people of Vietnamese background living with dementia through the provision of an online resource to help individuals, their families and carers better understand and manage this condition and provide information about available dementia services. DESIGN: This qualitative study used codesign and participatory action research to develop and refine the talking-book in consultation with expert stakeholders, a consumer advocacy group and the Vietnamese community to assess its utility and ensure cultural and linguistic appropriateness and relevance...
2016: BMJ Open
Thu Vuong, Marian Shanahan, Nhu Nguyen, Giang Le, Robert Ali, Khue Pham, Thu T A Vuong, Thuy Dinh, Alison Ritter
INTRODUCTION: In Vietnam, two dominant approaches for heroin treatment are center-based compulsory rehabilitation (CCT), funded by the Vietnamese government and community-based voluntary methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), funded primarily by international donors. Recent reduction in international funding requires more efficient allocation of government funding for public health programs. A cost-effectiveness analysis comparing two approaches provides a useful source of evidence to inform the government about funding reallocation...
September 13, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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