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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239040/efficacy-of-type-2-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-prrsv-vaccine-against-the-2010-isolate-of-vietnamese-highly-pathogenic-prrsv-challenge-in-pigs
#1
Hiroshi Iseki, Kenji Kawashima, Nguyen Tung, Kenjiro Inui, Mitsutaka Ikezawa, Tomoyuki Shibahara, Makoto Yamakawa
The efficacy of a commercial attenuated live type 2 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) vaccine was tested under experimental infection with a highly virulent Vietnamese virus isolated from a diseased pig affected with highly pathogenic PRRS (HP-PRRS) using specific pathogen-free (SPF) pigs. Twenty-five 4-week-old SPF pigs were divided into three groups as follows: pigs vaccinated with a single dose of the vaccine (Group 1, n=10), unvaccinated pigs (Group 2, n=10) and unvaccinated and non-infectious control pigs (Group 3, n=5)...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231427/risk-factors-of-female-breast-cancer-in-vietnam-a-case-control-study
#2
Phuong Dung Yun Trieu, Claudia Mello-Thoms, Jenny K Peat, Thuan Doan Do, Patrick C Brennan
Purpose: Rates of women with breast cancer have increased rapidly in recent years in Vietnam, with over 10,000 new patients contracting the disease every year. This study was conducted to identify demographic, reproductive and lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer in Vietnam. Materials and Methods: Breast density, demographic, reproductive and lifestyle data of 269 women with breast cancer and 519 age-matched controls were collected in the two largest oncology hospitals in Vietnam (one in the north and one in the south)...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222082/challenges-encountered-by-vietnamese-nurses-when-caring-for-patients-with-cancer
#3
Ly Thuy Nguyen, Lourdes Clemenceau Annoussamy, Virginia T LeBaron
Providing holistic care is acknowledged as central to providing quality care for patients with cancer, but providing competent nursing care consistent with these approaches remains a challenge for nurses in Vietnam. Obstacles for Vietnamese oncology nurses include their low status, the limited scope of nursing practice, work overload in a hierarchical system, and cultural beliefs that view death and dying as taboo. Additional research to support oncology nurses in Vietnam must acknowledge the merits of improving nursing education as an important strategy for enhancing nursing autonomy, quality of care, and outcomes for the increasing number of patients with cancer in low- and middle-income countries...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221128/epidemiology-of-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-lung-disease-and-tuberculosis-hawaii-usa
#4
Jennifer Adjemian, Timothy B Frankland, Yihe G Daida, Jennifer R Honda, Kenneth N Olivier, Adrian Zelazny, Stacey Honda, D Rebecca Prevots
Previous studies found Hawaiians and Asian-Americans/Pacific Islanders to be independently at increased risk for nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTMPD) and tuberculosis (TB). To better understand NTM infection and TB risk patterns in Hawaii, USA, we evaluated data on a cohort of patients in Hawaii for 2005-2013. Period prevalence of NTMPD was highest among Japanese, Chinese, and Vietnamese patients (>300/100,000 persons) and lowest among Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (50/100,000)...
March 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199405/co-financing-for-viral-load-monitoring-during-the-course-of-antiretroviral-therapy-among-patients-with-hiv-aids-in-vietnam-a-contingent-valuation-survey
#5
Quyen Le Thi Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Thu Phan, Huong Thi Le, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Tho Dinh Tran, Cuong Duy Do, Cuong Manh Nguyen, Vu Thi Minh Thuc, Carl Latkin, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
BACKGROUND: Viral load testing is considered the gold standard for monitoring HIV treatment; however, given its high cost, some patients cannot afford viral load testing if this testing is not subsidized. Since foreign aid for HIV/AIDS in Vietnam is rapidly decreasing, we sought to assess willingness to pay (WTP) for viral load and CD4 cell count tests among HIV-positive patients, and identified factors that might inform future co-payment schemes. METHODS: A multi-site cross-sectional survey was conducted with 1133 HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Hanoi and Nam Dinh...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198682/molecular-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-resistance-phenotypes-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolated-from-patients-in-three-hospitals-in-southern-vietnam
#6
Nguyen Tuan Anh, Tran Vu Thieu Nga, Huynh Minh Tuan, Nguyen Si Tuan, Dao Minh Y, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Stephen Baker, Ho Huynh Thuy Duong
Multidrug resistance in the nosocomial pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii limits therapeutic options and impacts on clinical care. Resistance against carbapenems, a group of last-resort antimicrobials for treating multidrug-resistant (MDR) A. baumannii infections, is associated with the expression (and over-expression) of carbapenemases encoded by the blaOXA genes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant A. baumannii associated with infection in three hospitals in southern Vietnam and to characterize the genetic determinants associated with resistance against carbapenems...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191374/klebsiella-pneumoniae-liver-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Faisal Kamal, George Williams, Hina Akbar, Muhammad Ali Khan, Dipen Kadaria
Klebsiella pneumoniae (K.pneumoniae) is a known cause of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) in the absence of hepatobiliary disease. In settings of hepatic infection, it has also been known to cause disseminated infections including meningitis and endopthalmitis. Several groups of patients are particularly susceptible to infection, including patients with diabetes mellitus, those from Southeast Asia and those with the preexisting hepatobiliary disease. We present a case of K.pneumoniae PLA with bacteremia. A 39-year-old Vietnamese male with no previous medical history who presented with complaints of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and fever...
January 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166754/the-vietnamese-version-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-pss-10-translation-equivalence-and-psychometric-properties-among-older-women
#8
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Debra Anderson, Charrlotte Seib
BACKGROUND: The Perceived Stress Scale 10 item (PSS-10) has been translated into more than 20 languages and used widely in different populations. Yet, to date, no study has tested psychometric properties of the instrument among older women and there is no Vietnamese version of the instrument. METHODS: This study translated the PSS-10 into Vietnamese and assessed Vietnamese version of the Perceived Stress Scale 10 items (V-PSS-10) for translation equivalence, face validity, construct validity, correlations, internal consistency reliability, and test-retest reliability among 473 women aged 60 and over...
February 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161670/addressing-care-seeking-as-well-as-insurance-seeking-selection-biases-in-estimating-the-impact-of-health-insurance-on-out-of-pocket-expenditure
#9
Shehzad Ali, Richard Cookson, Mark Dusheiko
Health Insurance (HI) programmes in low-income countries aim to reduce the burden of out-of-pocket (OOP) health care expenditure. However, if the decisions to purchase insurance and to seek care when ill are correlated with the expected health care expenditure, the use of naïve regression models may produce biased estimates of the impact of insurance membership on OOP expenditure. Whilst many studies in the literature have accounted for the endogeneity of the insurance decision, the potential selection bias due to the care-seeking decision has not been taken into account...
November 4, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146584/adherence-to-hypertension-medication-quantitative-and-qualitative-investigations-in-a-rural-northern-vietnamese-community
#10
Thi-Phuong-Lan Nguyen, Catharina C M Schuiling-Veninga, Thi Bach Yen Nguyen, Thu-Hang Vu, E Pamela Wright, Maarten J Postma
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to assess the adherence to medication of hypertensive patients visiting community health stations in a rural area in Vietnam, to examine the relationship between levels of adherence and cardiovascular risk among hypertensive patients and to further understand factors influencing adherence. METHODS: This study is part of a prospective one-year study conducted on hypertension management in a population aged 35 to 64 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144193/medical-expenses-matter-most-for-the-poor-evidence-from-a-vietnamese-medical-survey
#11
Quan Hoang Vuong
INTRODUCTION: Less developed countries, Vietnam included, face serious challenges of inefficient diagnosis, inaccessibility to healthcare facilities, and high medical expenses. Information on medical costs, technical and professional capabilities of healthcare providers and service deliveries becomes influential when it comes to patients' decision on choices of healthcare providers. METHODS: The study employs a data set containing 1,459 observations collected from a survey on Vietnamese patients in late 2015...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143462/a-study-on-the-influence-of-internet-addiction-and-online-interpersonal-influences-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-vietnamese
#12
Bach Xuan Tran, Le Thi Huong, Nguyen Duc Hinh, Long Hoang Nguyen, Bao Nguyen Le, Vuong Minh Nong, Vu Thi Minh Thuc, Tran Dinh Tho, Carl Latkin, Melvyn Wb Zhang, Roger Cm Ho
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction (IA) is a common problem found in young Asians. This study aimed to study the influence of IA and online activities on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in young Vietnamese. This study also compared the frequencies of anxiety, depression and other addiction of young Vietnamese with and without IA. METHODS: This study recruited 566 young Vietnamese (56.7% female, 43.3% male) ranging from 15 to 25 years of age via the respondent-driven sampling technique...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133477/early-diagnosis-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-vietnamese-patients-with-acute-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-a-prospective-study
#13
Duc Trong Quach, Mai Ngoc Luu, Toru Hiyama, Thuy-HuongThi To, Quy Nhuan Bui, Tuan Anh Tran, Binh Duy Tran, Minh-Cong Hong Vo, Shinji Tanaka, Naomi Uemura
Aims. To investigate H. pylori infection rate and evaluate a combined set of tests for H. pylori diagnosis in Vietnamese patients with acute peptic ulcer bleeding (PUD). Methods. Consecutive patients with acute PUB were enrolled prospectively. Rapid urease test (RUT) with 3 biopsies was carried out randomly. Patients without RUT or with negative RUT received urea breath test (UBT) and serological and urinary H. pylori antibody tests. H. pylori was considered positive if RUT or any noninvasive test was positive...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131199/first-reported-cases-of-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-in-vietnamese-adolescents-and-adults
#14
Mai Nguyen Thi Hoang, Phu Nguyen Hoan, Tan Le Van, Angela McBride, Nghia Ho Dang Trung, Thanh Tran Tan, Hong Nguyen Thi Thu, Dorothee Heemskerk, Jeremy Day, Angela Vincent, Chau Nguyen Van Vinh, Guy Thwaites
INTRODUCTION: Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is increasingly recognised as an important differential diagnosis in patients with encephalitis of unknown aetiology. We report the first case series of patients diagnosed in Vietnam. METHODS: Samples of CSF from patients with presumed encephalitis but negative microbiological investigations, who exhibited dyskinesia, autonomic instability or psychosis were tested for antibodies against the NR1 subunit of the glutamate (type-NMDA) receptor using an indirect immunofluorescence assay...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121245/solar-powered-hearing-aids-for-children-with-impaired-hearing-in-vietnam-a-pilot-study
#15
Quang Thanh Vo, Dung Pham, Kevin J Choi, Uyen T T Nguyen, Lan Le, Trudy Shanewise, Lien Tran, Nga Nguyen, Walter T Lee
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is a barrier to speech and social and cognitive development. This can be especially pronounced in children living in low- and middle-income countries with limited resources. AIM: To determine the feasibility, durability and social impact of ComCare GLW solar-powered hearing aids provided for Vietnamese children with hearing impairment. METHODS: A retrospective review of data from an international, multi-discipline humanitarian visit was performed...
January 25, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120095/patient-barriers-to-accessing-surgical-cleft-care-in-vietnam-a-multi-site-cross-sectional-outcomes-study
#16
Jordan W Swanson, Caroline A Yao, Allyn Auslander, Heather Wipfli, Thi-Hai-Duc Nguyen, Kristin Hatcher, Richard Vanderburg, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: Most people who lack adequate access to surgical care reside in low- and lower-middle-income countries. Few studies have analyzed the barriers that determine the ability to access surgical treatment. We seek to determine which barriers prevent access to cleft care in a resource-limited country to potentially enable barrier mitigation and improve surgical program design. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multi-site study of families accessing care for cleft lip and palate deformities was performed in Vietnam...
January 24, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114914/children-with-access-to-improved-sanitation-but-not-improved-water-are-at-lower-risk-of-stunting-compared-to-children-without-access-a-cohort-study-in-ethiopia-india-peru-and-vietnam
#17
Kirk A Dearden, Whitney Schott, Benjamin T Crookston, Debbie L Humphries, Mary E Penny, Jere R Behrman
BACKGROUND: This study's purpose was to understand associations between water, sanitation, and child growth. METHODS: We estimated stunting (height-for-age Z score <-2 SD) and thinness (BMI-Z <-2 SD) risk ratios using data from 7,715 Ethiopian, Indian, Peruvian, and Vietnamese children from the Young Lives study. RESULTS: In unadjusted models, household access to improved water and toilets was often associated with reduced stunting risk...
January 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111450/the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-sequence-of-the-indigenous-i-pig-sus-scrofa-in-vietnam
#18
Hieu Duc Nguyen, Tuan Anh Bui, Phuong Thanh Nguyen, Oanh Thi Phuong Kim, Thuy Thi Bich Vo
Objective: The I pig is a long nurtured longstanding breed in Vietnam, and contains excellent indigenous genetic resources. However, after 1970s, I pig breeds have become a small population because of decreasing farming areas and increasing pressure from foreign breeds with a high growth rate. Thus, there is now the risk of the disappearance of the I pigs breed. The aim of this study was to focus on classifying and identifying the I pig genetic origin and supplying molecular makers for conservation activities...
December 27, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109260/changes-in-depressive-symptoms-and-correlates-in-hiv-people-at-an-hoa-clinic-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#19
Van-Anh N Huynh, Kien G To, Dung Van Do, Quyen G To, Mai T H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Understanding of depression among Vietnamese people living with HIV (PLWH) is limited. This longitudinal study examines changes in depressive symptoms and identifies its correlates among people living with HIV under antiretroviral therapy at An Hoa Clinic. METHODS: People living with HIV ≥18 years and undergoing antiretroviral therapy for ≥3 months were eligible. Those at final AIDS stage, too ill, or illiterate were excluded due to their inability to complete the self-administered questionnaire...
January 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104980/novel-caga-elisa-exhibits-enhanced-sensitivity-of-helicobacter-pylori-caga-antibody
#20
Yuichi Matsuo, Yasutoshi Kido, Junko Akada, Seiji Shiota, Tran Thanh Binh, Tran Thi Huyen Trang, Ho D Q Dung, Pham Huu Tung, Tran Dinh Tri, Ngo P Minh Thuan, Le Quang Tam, Bui Chi Nam, Vu Van Khien, Yoshio Yamaoka
AIM: To develop a novel Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) CagA antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) suitable for detecting serum anti-CagA antibodies with high sensitivity. METHODS: Recombinant East Asian-type CagA protein was purified and immobilized for ELISA. Serum samples from 217 Vietnamese individuals (110 H. pylori-infected and 107 uninfected individuals) were applied. Conventional ELISA from Western-type CagA and our East Asian-type CagA ELISA were evaluated by comparing 38 subjects with the Western-type genotype and 72 subjects with the East Asian-type cagA genotype...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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