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Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Minmei Chen, Yu Ju, Min Chen, Zhenguo Xie, Kaijiao Zhou, Yi Tan, Jianjun Mo
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a significant public health challenge in China. Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) is regarded as the predominant causative pathogen of HFMD. Since 2015, two inactivated EV71 vaccines have been approved in mainland China, and because their use could change the HFMD pathogen spectrum, this should now be monitored. However, the epidemiological and genetic trends of EV71 with respect to HFMD in Guangxi, southern China, are still not clear. In this study, we describe the epidemiological and genetic characterization of this virus in clinically-diagnosed HFMD reported from 2010 to 2015 in Guangxi...
2017: PloS One
Ben P Haynes, Ophira Ginsburg, Qiong Gao, Elizabeth Folkerd, Maria Afentakis, Le Hong Quang, Pham Thi Han, Pham Hong Khoa, Nguyen Van Dinh, Ta Van To, Mark Clemons, Ian E Smith, Mitch Dowsett
For premenopausal women with primary ER + breast cancer, oophorectomy (OvX) is an evidence-based cost-effective option and is standard treatment in many countries. However, there is virtually no data describing the effects of OvX on breast tumour biology. We therefore, characterised the endocrine and genome-wide transcriptional impact of OvX in 56 premenopausal women with ER + breast cancer for 2 weeks prior to mastectomy. Plasma estradiol concentrations decreased from 406 ± 41 to 20.7 ± 2...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
Thi Minh Tam Ta, Kerem Böge, Tien Duc Cao, Georg Schomerus, Tat Dinh Nguyen, Michael Dettling, Aditya Mungee, Lara Kim Martensen, Albert Diefenbacher, Matthias C Angermeyere, Eric Hahn
OBJECTIVES: Mental health associated stigmatization remains problematic in low and middle-income countries, thus preventing patients from adequate access to psychiatric care. Public attitudes towards psychiatrists have not been examined in many countries, especially not in Vietnam where merely one psychiatrist per 300.000 population is available. The study aims to explore attitudes towards psychiatrists in the Hanoi municipality and to identify socio-demographical factors that influence these attitudes...
November 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
My-Nuong Thi Nguyen, Thuy-Duong Ho-Huynh
BACKGROUND: The holistic approach of traditional medicine renders the identification of its mechanisms of action difficult. Microarray technology provides an efficient way to analyze the complex genome-wide gene expression of cells treated with mixtures of medicinal ingredients. We performed transcriptional profiling of MCF-7 cells treated with Nam Dia Long (NDL), a Vietnamese traditional formula, to explore the mechanism of action underlying the apoptosis inducing effect of this formula reported in a previous study...
December 4, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Anna Agius, Marie Morelato, Sébastien Moret, Scott Chadwick, Kylie Jones, Rochelle Epple, James Brown, Claude Roux
Forensic science has traditionally focused the majority of its resources and objectives towards addressing Court-related questions. However, this view restricts the contribution of forensic science to one process and results in a loss of information as the investigative and intelligence roles are largely neglected. A forensic science discipline suffering from this imbalance is handwriting examination, which may be characterised as a time consuming and subjective process that is mostly carried out towards the end of the investigation for the purpose of judicial proceedings...
November 24, 2017: Forensic Science International
Heidi Stöckl, Ligia Kiss, Jobst Koehler, Dung Thuy Dong, Cathy Zimmerman
Background: Bride-trafficking has been a growing phenomenon in Southeast Asia, particularly in China, where one-child policies have resulted in demographic imbalances favoring males. Yet, empirical evidence about women and girls sold into marriage in China remains sparse. Methods: This study describes the experiences of 51 Vietnamese women and girls as young as 14 in post-trafficking services who were sold into marriage in China. A consecutive sample of individuals from five services in Vietnam were invited to be interviewed within the first 2 weeks of admission...
2017: Global health research and policy
Oanh L Meyer, Amanda Leggett, Siwei Liu, Ngoc H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Low- and middle-income countries such as Vietnam are home to a majority of the world's population with dementia, yet little is known regarding how individuals in these countries perceive memory problems that might be indicative of cognitive impairment. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of subjective memory complaints (SMCs) in Vietnamese adults in Da Nang, Vietnam. METHODS: A stratified sample of 600 adults (aged ≥ 55 years) living in Da Nang, Vietnam, and surrounding areas were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional study...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
Leonardo Maldaner Amorim, Hoang van Tong, Nghiem Xuan Hoan, Luciana de Brito Vargas, Enilze Maria de Souza Fonseca Ribeiro, Maria Luiza Petzl-Erler, Angelica B W Boldt, Nguyen Linh Toan, Le Huu Song, Thirumalaisamy P Velavan, Danillo G Augusto
The KIR (killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors) gene family codifies a group of receptors that recognize human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules and modulate natural killer (NK) cells response. Genetic diversity of KIR genes and HLA ligands has not yet been deeply investigated in South East Asia. Here, we characterized KIR gene presence/absence polymorphism of 14 KIR genes and two pseudogenes, as well as the frequencies of the ligands HLA-Bw4, HLA-C1 and HLA-C2 in a Vietnamese population from Hanoi (n=140)...
November 27, 2017: Human Immunology
Fen Lin, Liye Yang, Min Lin, Xiangbian Zheng, Min Lu, Meilan Qiu, Liejun Li, Longxu Xie
OBJECTIVE: To detect rare types of thalassemia mutations among southern Chinese population. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples from 327 patients from various regions of southern China were collected. The patients were suspected as rare-type thalassemia for their inconsistency between hematological phenotypes and results of routine mutation screening. The samples were further analyzed with GAP-PCR and DNA sequencing. RESULTS: One hundred and eight cases were diagnosed as rare types of thalassemia...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
Phan Van Tuong, Tran Thi Minh Phuong, Bui Thi My Anh, Trang Huyen Thi Nguyen
Background: Injection is one of the most frequently used medical methods to introduce drugs or other substances into the body for purposes of treatment or prevention. Unsafe injection can cause adverse outcomes, such as abscess and anaphylactic shock, and increases the risk of blood-borne transmission of viruses to patients and health care workers, as well as the community. Recognizing the importance of injection safety, in 2000 the Vietnamese Ministry of Health (MOH) collaborated with the Vietnam Nurses Association to launch the "Safe injection" program throughout the country, including Hanoi...
2017: F1000Research
R Zhang, L Xia, J Chen, Y Gong, L Zhang, P Li, H Liu, Z Xie, S Jiang
 The infections with duck hepatitis A virus type 3 (DHAV-3) become common in eastern Asia. To better understand the molecular evolution and genetic variation of DHAV-3, a total of 482 dead Cherry Valley duckling liver samples collected from Shandong province of China during 2012-2014 were tested, and the complete P1 coding sequences of 18 DHAV-3 strains were analyzed. The detection rate of DHAV-3 was 64.5% (311/482) in clinical liver samples and 73.0% (92/126) in duckling flocks. The P1 genes of the 18 DHAV-3 isolates shared 91...
2017: Acta Virologica
Gábor Bari, Szilárd Szűcs, Dániel Érces, Melinda Ugocsai, Noémi Bozsó, Dóra Balog, Mihály Boros, Gabriella Varga
INTRODUCTION: Pericardial tamponade (PT) is a life-threatening condition, with low cardiac output. The hemodynamic consequences of PT can severely affect the circulation of all tissues, including the microcirculation of the kidneys and the intestinal mucosa. Our aim was to develop a hemodynamically stable and controllable large animal model of PT to study the consequences of cardiogenic shock. METHODS: Two groups of anesthetized vietnamese minipigs (n = 6, both groups) were used...
December 2017: Magyar Sebészet
Hyunjeong Park, Eunsuk Choi, Young-Su Park, Jennifer A Wenzel
While Asians are becoming the largest ethnic group in the United States, studies have focused on Asians as a single population. The purpose of this study was to explore the racial and ethnic mental health differences between non-Hispanic Whites and Asians, with an emphasis on understudied subgroups, from the California Health Interview Survey 2011/2012. In this dataset Asians had significantly lower adjusted odds ratios for both mental distress and serious mental illness. However, when Asians were divided into subgroups and compared to Whites, Vietnamese and Japanese subgroups were significantly lower than Whites for mental distress while Koreans were significantly higher...
November 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
John S Waye, Meredith Hanna, Betty-Ann Hohenadel, Lisa Nakamura, Lynda Walker, Barry Eng
We report two novel β-thalassemia (β-thal) deletions involving the 5' region of the β-globin gene (HBB). The first deletion spans 538 bp and removes the β-globin promoter, 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) and most of exon 1. This deletion was identified in a 3-year-old Vietnamese boy with non transfusion dependent Hb E (HBB: c.79G>A)/β0-thal. The second deletion spans 1517 bp and removes the β-globin gene promoter, 5'UTR, and exons 1 and 2. This deletion was identified in two unrelated adults of European descent who had β-thal trait with unusually high Hb A2 levels...
November 28, 2017: Hemoglobin
Jung-Ah Lee, Hannah Nguyen, Joan Park, Linh Tran, Trang Nguyen, Yen Huynh
Objectives: Families of ethnic minority persons with dementia often seek help at later stages of the disease. Little is known about the effectiveness of various methods in supporting ethnic minority dementia patients' caregivers. The objective of the study was to identify smartphone and computer usage among family caregivers of dementia patients (i.e., Korean and Vietnamese Americans) to develop dementia-care education programs for them. Methods: Participants were asked various questions related to their computer or smartphone usage in conjunction with needs-assessment interviews...
October 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
Weian Du, Zhiyong Peng, Chunlei Feng, Bofeng Zhu, Bangchao Wang, Yue Wang, Chao Liu, Ling Chen
Insertion/deletion polymorphisms (InDels) are ubiquitous diallelic genetic markers that have drawn increasing attention from forensic researchers. Here, we investigated 30 InDel loci in Vietnamese and Nigerian populations and evaluated their usefulness in forensic genetics. The polymorphic information content of these populations ranged, respectively, from 0.164 to 0.375 and from 0.090 to 0.375 across loci. After Bonferroni correction, no significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was found, except for HLD97 in the Nigerian population...
October 24, 2017: Oncotarget
Le Dinh Trong Nhan, Lukas Parker, Mai Thi Hoai Son, Erin M Parker, Matthew R Moore, Mirjam Sidik, Natalie Draisin
OBJECTIVE: This study presents child helmet use before, during and after implementing the Vietnamese National Child Helmet Action Plan (NCHAP) and evaluates its effect on child helmet use. The NCHAP, an integrated multisector campaign, incorporated a wide-scale public awareness campaign, school-based interventions, increased police patrolling and enforcement, and capacity building and support to relevant government departments in target provinces. METHODS: In Vietnam's three largest cities, 100 schools in 20 districts were selected to monitor motorcycle helmet use behaviour...
November 25, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Tao Xuan Vu, Tho Tien Ngo, Linh Thi Dam Mai, Tri-Thuc Bui, Diep Hong Le, Ha Thi Viet Bui, Huy Quang Nguyen, Binh Xuan Ngo, Van-Tuan Tran
Penicillium digitatum is a major postharvest pathogen of citrus crops. This fungus broadly spreads worldwide and causes green mold disease, which results in severe losses for citrus production. Understanding of the citrus infection by P. digitatum may help develop effective strategies for controlling this pathogen. In this study, we have characterized a virulent strain of P. digitatum isolated in Vietnam and established a highly efficient Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) system for this fungal strain with two newly constructed binary vectors...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Hee-Soon Juon, Rajiv N Rimal, Ann Klassen, Sunmin Lee
Individuals' behaviors are influenced by those of others in their social environment (i.e., descriptive norms), as well as by how individuals perceive they should behave in that environment (e.g., injunctive norms). Although social norms are thought to play an important role in hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening, limited theoretical or empirical guidance exists on how the underlying process works. In addition, norms are social phenomena that are spread through family discussion about the importance of getting HBV screening...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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