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Sciatica pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455410/can-patients-with-symptomatic-tarlov-cysts-be-differentiated-from-patients-with-specific-low-back-pain-based-on-comprehensive-history-taking
#1
Maria Anna Hulens, Wim Dankaerts, Ricky Rasschaert, Frans Bruyninckx, Marie-Laure Willaert, Charlotte Vereecke, Greet Vansant
BACKGROUND: Tarlov cysts (TCs) are expanded nerve root sheaths that occur near the dorsal root ganglion and result from increased intraspinal hydrostatic pressure. TCs most frequently affect the lumbosacral plexus and therefore may cause specific symptoms such as perineal pain and neurogenic bladder, bowel, and sphincter problems. It has been estimated that 1% of the population has symptomatic Tarlov cysts (STCs). However, STCs appear to be underdiagnosed, with the pain reported by patients commonly attributed to degenerative alterations seen on MRI...
February 17, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439771/osteoporotic-pelvic-fractures
#2
Ludwig Oberkircher, Steffen Ruchholtz, Pol Maria Rommens, Alexander Hofmann, Benjamin Bücking, Antonio Krüger
BACKGROUND: The estimated incidence of osteoporotic pelvic fractures among persons over age 60 in Germany is 224 per 100 000 persons per year, and rising. A number of surgical treatment options are available, but clinical long-term data are lacking. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications and guidelines retrieved by a selective literature search, and on the authors' clinical experience. RESULTS: Patients often report one or more relatively trivial traumatic incidents leading up to the fracture...
February 2, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390461/immediate-relief-of-herniated-lumbar-disc-related-sciatica-by-ankle-acupuncture-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Anfeng Xiang, Mingshu Xu, Yan Liang, Jinzi Wei, Sheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Around 90% of sciatica cases are due to a herniated intervertebral disc in the lumbar region. Ankle acupuncture (AA) has been reported to be effective in the treatment of acute nonspecific low back pain. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a single session of ankle acupuncture for disc-related sciatica. METHOD: This will be a double-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients diagnosed with disc-related sciatica will be randomly divided into 3 parallel groups...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374352/image-guidance-technologies-for-interventional-pain-procedures-ultrasound-fluoroscopy-and-ct
#4
REVIEW
Dajie Wang
Chronic pain is a common medical condition. Patients who suffer uncontrolled chronic pain may require interventions including spinal injections and various nerve blocks. Interventional procedures have evolved and improved over time since epidural injection was first introduced for low back pain and sciatica in 1901. One of the major contributors in the improvement of these interventions is the advancement of imaging guidance technologies. The utilization of image guidance has dramatically improved the accuracy and safety of these interventions...
January 26, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361854/double-level-isthmic-spondylolisthesis-treated-with-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-cage
#5
DeWei Song, Ming Tang, CanHui Li, DeYong Song, ChangBing Wang, TianHang Xuan
OBJECTIVE: Double-level isthmic spondylolisthesis in the lumbar spine is rare. The authors report on 21 cases of double-level isthmic spondylolisthesis treated by posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with cage. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2005 and 2015, twenty-one patients with double-level isthmic spondylolisthesis who underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with cage were reviewed retrospectively. The VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) and JOA (Japanese Orthopedic Association) score were used to evaluate preoperative and postoperative clinical outcomes...
January 23, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349997/-surgical-outcome-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-technique-for-highly-migrated-disc-herniation-via-three-different-approaches
#6
Yi Jiang, Ru-Jun Zuo, Lei Wu, Cheng Huang, Yan Shi, Hua-Wei Song, Yi-Wei Wang, Bin Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical effects of percutaneous endoscopic technique via three different approaches for highly migrated lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: The clinical data of 68 patients underwent percutaneous endoscopic technique from June 2011 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 43 males and 25 females, aged from 11 to 77 years old with an average of (42.29±15.92) years. The patients were divided into three groups according to different operative approaches, of them, 45 cases were by transforaminal approach (group A), 15 cases by translaminar approach (group B), and 8 cases by transpedicular approach (group C)...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319608/novel-approach-to-characterising-individuals-with-low-back-related-leg-pain-cluster-identification-with-latent-class-analysis-and-12-month-follow-up
#7
Siobhán Stynes, Kika Konstantinou, Reuben Ogollah, Elaine M Hay, Kate M Dunn
Traditionally, low back-related leg pain (LBLP) is diagnosed clinically as referred leg pain or sciatica (nerve root involvement). However, within the spectrum of LBLP, we hypothesised that there may be other unrecognised patient subgroups. This study aimed to identify clusters of patients with LBLP using latent class analysis and describe their clinical course. The study population was 609 LBLP primary care consulters. Variables from clinical assessment were included in the latent class analysis. Characteristics of the statistically identified clusters were compared, and their clinical course more than 1 year was described...
January 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316960/pregabalin-versus-gabapentin-in-the-treatment-of-sciatica-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-cross-over-trial-pagpros
#8
Kelvin Robertson, Laurence A G Marshman, Maria Hennessy, Linton Harriss, David Plummer
BACKGROUND: There is currently an absence of high-grade evidence regarding the treatment of chronic sciatica (CS). Whilst gabapentin (GBP) and pregabalin (PGB) are both currently used to treat CS, equipoise exists regarding their individual use. In particular, no head-to-head study of GBP and PGB in CS exists. Despite equipoise, most countries' formulary regulatory authorities typically favour one drug for subsidy over the other. This hinders interchange wherever the favoured drug is either ineffective or not tolerated...
January 9, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295804/-primary-well-differentiated-neuroendocrine-tumor-of-the-filum-terminale-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Juan Manuel Revuelta Barbero, Anwar Saab Mazzei, Carlos Cotúa Quinteros, Laura de Reina
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of a well-differentiated primary intradural-extramedullary neuroendocrine tumor of the filum terminale and to conduct a literature review. CASE: A 68-years old patient was assessed after presenting lower back pain and sciatica with ineffective pain relief. The patient presented an intradural-extramedullary lumbar lesion arising from the filum terminale, which was partially resected. The pathology diagnosis was a well-differentiated primary neuroendocrine tumor (carcinoid tumor)...
December 30, 2017: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247398/the-impact-of-low-back-pain-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-old-age-results-from-a-survey-of-a-large-sample-of-swiss-elders-living-in-the-community
#10
C Ludwig, C Luthy, A F Allaz, F R Herrmann, C Cedraschi
PURPOSE: The present study aims at investigating the effects of low back pain (LBP), i.e., type of symptoms, activity limitations, frequency, duration, and severity on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a sample of 707 community-dwelling men and women aged ≥ 65 years living in Switzerland. METHODS: The study is part of a larger survey conducted in Switzerland on a sample of older adults selected randomly from population records, stratified by age and sex...
December 15, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246848/does-reduction-in-sciatica-symptoms-precede-improvement-in-disability-and-physical-health-among-those-treated-surgically-for-intervertebral-disc-herniation-analysis-of-temporal-patterns-in-data-from-the-spine-patient-outcomes-research-trial
#11
Richard L Skolasky, Emily A Scherer, Stephen T Wegener, Tor D Tosteson
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Pain, pain-related disability, and functional limitations are common consequences of intervertebral disc herniation (IDH). We hypothesized that surgical treatment reduces pain, leading to improvement in pain-related disability and, ultimately, better physical health. PURPOSE: The present study aims to evaluate pathways for improvements in quality of life during the first year after surgery for IDH by studying temporal relationships between sciatica symptoms, pain-related disability, and physical health...
December 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#12
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200655/lumbar-extension-traction-alleviates-symptoms-and-facilitates-healing-of-disc-herniation-sequestration-in-6-weeks-following-failed-treatment-from-three-previous-chiropractors-a-cbp%C3%A2-case-report-with-an-8%C3%A2-year-follow-up
#13
Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the outcome of a patient, having sciatica and MRI-verified disc herniation/sequestration who underwent Chiropractic BioPhysics® (CBP®) protocol designed to improve the lumbar lordosis. [Subject and Methods] A 56-year-old male suffered from chronic low back pain and recent sciatica due to lumbar disc herniation despite being under continuous care from three previous chiropractors. Radiographic analysis revealed a lumbar hypolordosis and MRI confirmed disc herniation and sequestration at L4-L5...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181521/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-for-the-management-of-adjacent-segment-pathology
#14
Drew D Lewis, Garth K Summers
Adjacent segment pathology is an adverse effect of spinal fusion that precipitates accelerated spinal degenerative changes at vertebral segments contiguous with the fused vertebrae. The accelerated degeneration related to ASP can be challenging to manage, as it can lead to conditions such as radiculopathy and can create the need for reoperation. In the present case, a 50-year-old woman with a previous spinal fusion presented with a 1-year history of progressive low back pain, lumbar radiculopathy, and sciatica...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174459/prognosis-of-sciatica-and-back-related-leg-pain-in-primary-care-the-atlas-cohort
#15
Kika Konstantinou, Kate M Dunn, Reuben Ogollah, Martyn Lewis, Danielle van der Windt, Elaine M Hay
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Evidence is lacking on the prognosis and prognostic factors for back-related leg pain and sciatica in patients seeing their primary care physicians. This could guide timely appropriate treatment and referral decisions. PURPOSE: To describe prognosis and prognostic factors in primary care patients with low back-related leg pain, and sciatica. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study PATIENT SAMPLE: Adults visiting their family doctor with back-related leg pain in the United Kingdom...
November 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151051/subclinical-propionibacterium-acnes-infection-estimation-in-the-intervertebral-disc-spine-id-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort
#16
Nelson Astur, Delio E Martins, Marcelo Wajchenberg, Mario Ferretti, Fernando G Menezes, Andre M Doi, Laercio A Rosemberg, Durval C B Santos, Alexandre S Iutaka, Luciano M R Rodrigues, Marines D V Martino, Jorge R Pagura, Eduardo N Kihara Filho, Mario Lenza
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain and vertebral endplate abnormalities are common conditions within the population. Subclinical infection caused by indolent pathogens can potentially lead to these findings, with differentiation between them notably challenging from a clinical perspective. Progressive infection of the intervertebral disc has been extensively associated with increasing low back pain, with Propionibacterium acnes specifically implicated with in relation to sciatica. The main purpose of this study is to identify if the presence of an infective pathogen within the intervertebral disc is primary or is a result of intraoperative contamination, and whether this correlates to low back pain...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138591/anatomical-etiology-of-pseudo-sciatica-from-superior-cluneal-nerve-entrapment-a-laboratory-investigation
#17
Tomoyuki Konno, Yoichi Aota, Hiroshi Kuniya, Tomoyuki Saito, Ning Qu, Shogo Hayashi, Shinichi Kawata, Masahiro Itoh
Objective: The superior cluneal nerve (SCN) may become entrapped where it pierces the thoracolumbar fascia over the iliac crest; this can cause low back pain (LBP) and referred pain radiating into the posterior thigh, calf, and occasionally the foot, producing the condition known as "pseudo-sciatica." Because the SCN was thought to be a cutaneous branch of the lumbar dorsal rami, originating from the dorsal roots of L1-L3, previous anatomical studies failed to explain why SCN causes "pseudo-sciatica"...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131732/yoga-and-healthcare-in-the-united-kingdom
#18
Heather Mason, Nicole Schnackenberg, Robin Monro
The emergence of yoga therapy in the United Kingdom began about 45 years ago with the emergence of yoga therapy organizations that offered both treatment and training. The integration of yoga into the National Health Service (NHS) is gradually happening Because: (a) yoga research supports its efficacy as a cost-effective, preventive and complementary treatment for a host of non-communicable diseases; and (b) the escalating economic burden of long-term conditions is overwhelming the NHS. The NHS is actively developing 'sustainability and transformation plans' that include yoga...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097408/-18-f-fdg-pet-mri-in-chronic-sciatica-early-results-revealing-spinal-and-non-spinal-abnormalities
#19
Peter Cipriano, Daehyun Yoon, Harsh Gandhi, Dawn Holley, Dushyant Thakur, Ma Ith, Brian Hargreaves, David Kennedy, Matthew Smuck, Ivan Cheng, Sandip Biswal
Chronic sciatica is a major cause of disability worldwide, but accurate diagnosis of the offending pathology remains challenging. In this report, the feasibility of a fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) approach for improved diagnosis of chronic sciatica is presented. Methods:(18)F-FDG PET/MRI was performed on 9 chronic sciatica patients and 5 healthy volunteers. Region-of-interest analysis using maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) was performed, and (18)F-FDG uptake in lesions was compared with the corresponding areas in healthy controls...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069932/lumbar-intravertebral-disc-herniation-secondary-to-idiopathic-calcific-discitis
#20
Ahmed-Ramadan Sadek, Christopher Dare, Stephen McGillion, Ali Nader-Sepahi, Vasileios Skiadas
Calcific discitis is a well recognized entity in the paediatric population but more recently has been increasingly reported in adults. It typically involves the lower thoracic vertebrae and is of unknown aetiology. Herniation of the calcified fragment is rare but typically occurs out through the annulus fibrosus into the canal space. Herein we describe the first reported case of calcific discitis involving the lumbar vertebrae with subsequent herniation of the calcified disc into and through the anterior aspect of the L5 vertebra...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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