keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sciatica pain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906951/changes-in-neuroglial-activity-in-multiple-spinal-segments-after-caudal-epidural-pulsed-radiofrequency-in-a-rat-model-of-lumbar-disc-herniation
#1
Hee Kyung Cho, Jae Hoon Kang, So-Yeon Kim, Mi-Jung Choi, Se Jin Hwang, Yun-Woo Cho, Sang-Ho Ahn
BACKGROUND: Herniated lumbar discs can induce sciatica by mechanical compression and/or chemical irritation. It was recently reported that neuroglial cellular activity after pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) application to a single dorsal root ganglion (DRG) attenuated neuroglial activity at the corresponding spinal dorsal horn. Recently, caudal epidural PRF has been used to manage neuropathic pain, but evidence of molecular changes after the administration of caudal epidural PRF to attenuate neuropathic pain is lacking, and it has not been determined whether caudal epidural PRF affects neuroglial activity at different spinal levels...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900106/giant-intrapelvic-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-mimicking-disc-herniation-a-case-report
#2
Peng Wang, Cong Chen, Xiaotang Xin, Bo Liu, Wei Li, Dezhen Yin, Weidong Mu
Giant intrapelvic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors arising in the sciatic nerve in the pelvic cavity are a rare occurrence and their symptomatology is usually misdiagnosed as intervertebral disc herniation. We herein report the case of a 46-year old woman presenting with pain, hypesthesia and weakness of the left lower extremity due to a giant intrapelvic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the sciatic nerve. Prior to being referred to our institution, the patient was misdiagnosed as a case of sciatica due to a lumbar disc herniation and underwent an operation unsuccessfully, as there was little symptomatic improvement 2 months after the surgery...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885470/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-transforaminal-endoscopic-discectomy-vs-microdiscectomy
#3
J N Alaistair Gibson, Ashok S Subramanian, Chloe E H Scott
PURPOSE: Transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (TED) minimises paraspinal muscle damage. The aim of this trial was to compare clinical outcomes of TED to Microdiscectomy (Micro). METHODS: 143 patients, age 25-70 years and <115 kg, with single level lumbar prolapse and radiculopathy, were recruited and randomised. 70 received TED under conscious sedation and 70 Micro under general anaesthesia. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analogue scores (VAS) of back and leg pain, and Short Form Health Survey indices (SF-36) were measured preoperatively and at 3, 12 and 24 months...
November 24, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849389/core-stability-exercise-versus-general-exercise-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#4
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Elizabeth R Neil, Lindsey E Eberman
: Reference: Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, et al. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52082. Clinical Questions: Is core stability exercise more effective than general exercise in the treatment of patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP)? DATA SOURCES: The authors searched the following databases: China Biological Medicine disc, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed from 1970 through 2011...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829938/midline-lumbar-fusion-using-cortical-bone-trajectory-screws-preliminary-report
#5
Mateusz Bielecki, Przemysław Kunert, Marek Prokopienko, Arkadiusz Nowak, Tomasz Czernicki, Andrzej Marchel
INTRODUCTION: Midline lumbar fusion (MIDLF) using cortical bone trajectory is an alternative method of transpedicular spinal fusion for degenerative disease. The new entry points' location and screwdriving direction allow the approach-related morbidity to be reduced. AIM: To present our preliminary experience with the MIDLF technique on the first 5 patients with lumbar degenerative disease and with follow-up of at least 6 months. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on the first 5 patients with foraminal (4) or central (1) stenosis operated on between December 2014 and February 2015...
2016: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826215/pain-related-fear-and-functional-recovery-in-sciatica-results-from-a-2-year-observational-study
#6
A J Haugen, L Grøvle, J I Brox, B Natvig, M Grotle
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between pain-related fear, pain disability, and self-perceived recovery among patients with sciatica and disk herniation followed up for 2 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pain-related fear was measured by the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK) and the Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire-Physical Activity (FABQ-PA) subscale. Disability was measured by the Maine-Seattle Back Questionnaire. At 2 years, patients reported their sciatica/back problem on a global change scale ranging from completely gone to much worse...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820794/epidemiological-differences-between-localised-and-non-localised-low-back-pain
#7
David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H Barrero, Sarah A Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Sergio Vargas-Prada, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath Sp Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M M Sarquis, Maria H Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V Monroy, Leonardo A Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M Ferrario, Angela C Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L Kelsall, Victor C W Hoe, Donna M Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, Eduardo J Salazar Vega
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with longitudinal follow-up OBJECTIVES.: To test the hypothesis that pain which is localised to the low back differs epidemiologically from that which occurs simultaneously or close in time to pain at other anatomical sites SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Low back pain (LBP) often occurs in combination with other regional pain, with which it shares similar psychological and psychosocial risk factors. However, few previous epidemiological studies of LBP have distinguished pain that is confined to the low back from that which occurs as part of a wider distribution of pain...
November 4, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799988/three-years-outcome-of-microdiscectomy-via-paramedian-approach-for-lumbar-foraminal-or-extraforaminal-disc-herniations-in-elderly-patients-over-65-years-old
#8
Chang Gi Yeo, Ikchan Jeon, Sang Woo Kim, Sam Kyu Ko, Byung Kil Woo, Kwang Chul Song
OBJECTIVE: Lumbar foraminal or extraforaminal disc herniations (FEFDH) have unusual clinical features and higher incidence in elderly patients compared to usual intraspinal canal disc herniations. We evaluated the efficacy of microdiscectomy via paramedian approach for lumbar FEFDH in elderly patients over the age of 65. METHODS: Retrospective study was performed in 68 patients over the age of 65 (23 male and 45 female patients; 71.46±3.87 years) who underwent microdiscectomy via paramedian approach for unilateral lumbar FEFDH causing sciatica...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799059/a-postmenopausal-woman-with-sciatica-from-broad-ligament-leiomyoma-a-case-report
#9
Ya-Chu May Tsai
BACKGROUND: Unilateral lower abdominal pain and/or sciatic nerve pain is a common presentation in the elderly population. The prevalence of broad ligament leiomyoma is <1 % with the prevalence declining after the menopause and it is rare for broad ligament leiomyomas to be clinically significant. Thus, we highlight a case of symptomatic broad ligament leiomyoma in a postmenopausal woman whose symptoms improved after definitive treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old postmenopausal Macedonian woman was referred to our gynecological department with unexplained pain in her left leg and left iliac fossa region on walking...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777884/bone-and-soft-tissue-tumors-presenting-as-sciatic-notch-dumbbell-masses-a-critical-differential-diagnosis-of-sciatica
#10
Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Tomoya Matsunobu, Katsumi Harimaya, Kenichi Kawaguchi, Mitsumasa Hayashida, Seiji Okada, Toshio Doi, Yukihide Iwamoto
AIM: To study the clinical findings and characteristic features in sciatic notch dumbbell tumors (SNDTs). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes and characteristic features of consecutive cases of SNDTs (n = 8). RESULTS: Buttock masses occurred in three patients with SNDT (37.5%). Severe buttock tenderness and pain at rest were observed in seven patients with SNDTs (87.5%). Remarkably, none of the patients with SNDTs experienced back pain...
October 10, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777158/cyclic-sciatica-and-back-pain-responds-to-treatment-of-underlying-endometriosis-case-illustration
#11
Jaya Uppal, Stanislaw Sobotka, Arthur L Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Multiple causes outside the spine can mimic spinal back pain. Endometriosis is an important gynecological disorder, which commonly affects the lower region of the female pelvis and less frequently the spine and soft tissues. The lumbosacral trunk is vulnerable to pressure from any abdominal mass originating from the uterus and the ovaries. Therefore symptoms of endometriosis include severe reoccurring pain in the pelvic area as well as lower back and abdominal pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report on a 39 year old gymnast with cyclic sciatica and back pain, whose initial presentation initially led to a spinal fusion at L4/5 and L5/S1, but that procedure did not change her symptoms...
October 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743405/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-sciatica
#12
REVIEW
Eva Rasmussen-Barr, Ulrike Held, Wilhelmus Ja Grooten, Pepijn Ddm Roelofs, Bart W Koes, Maurits W van Tulder, Maria M Wertli
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are one of the most frequently prescribed drugs for the treatment of sciatica. A previous Cochrane review on the efficacy of NSAIDs summarised findings for acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) and sciatica. This is an update of the original review (2008) focusing on people suffering from sciatica. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of NSAIDs in pain reduction, overall improvement, and reported side effects in people with sciatica...
October 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742516/massive-lumbar-disc-herniation-following-therapeutic-water-boiling-of-the-lower-extremities-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
A Spallone, M Çelniku
A 49 years-old man came to our attention with severe flaccid paraparesis occurring 10 days before, almost immediately after he had immerged his legs in boiling water for treating his severe left lombo-crural pain. This was known to be due to a right L3-L4 herniated disk diagnosed by MRI. At the examination he showed severe motor paresis and absent reflexes of his lower limbs, whilst crural pain was very mild and sensation and urinary function were unaffected. The results of his neurological examination led us to suspect an acute motor axon degeneration related to the heating shock...
October 11, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738964/the-challenges-of-treating-sciatica-pain-in-older-adults
#14
Manuela L Ferreira, Andrew McLachlan
Sciatica is a debilitating condition affecting approximately 25 % of the population. Typically, the patient will complain of lower limb pain that is more severe than pain in the lower back, usually accompanied by numbness and motor weakness. Most international guidelines recommend pharmacological management for the pain relief of sciatica, including paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioid analgesics, anticonvulsants, and corticosteroids, among others. However, the evidence for most of these pharmacological options is scarce, and the majority of clinical trials exclude older patients...
October 13, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736632/use-of-complementary-health-approaches-for-musculoskeletal-pain-disorders-among-adults-united-states-2012
#15
Tainya C Clarke, Richard L Nahin, Patricia M Barnes, Barbara J Stussman
OBJECTIVE: This report examines the use of complementary health approaches among U.S. adults aged 18 and over who had a musculoskeletal pain disorder. Prevalence of use among this population subgroup is compared with use by persons without a musculoskeletal disorder. Use for any reason, as well as specifically to treat musculoskeletal pain disorders, is examined. METHODS: Using the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, estimates of the use of complementary health approaches for any reason, as well as use to treat musculoskeletal pain disorders, are presented...
October 2016: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733887/sciatica-an-extremely-rare-complication-of-the-perianal-abscess
#16
Rahul Gujrathi, Kanchan Gupta, Chetan Ravi, Bhujang Pai
BACKGROUND: Sciatica has been classically described as pain in the back and hip with radiation in the leg along the distribution of the sciatic nerve, secondary to compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve. Spinal abnormality being the most common etiology, is one of the most common indications for MRI of the lumbosacral spine. Here we describe imaging findings secondary to a supralevator perianal abscess causing irritation of the sciatic nerve, which was diagnosed on MRI of the lumbosacral spine...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705840/what-do-patients-value-about-spinal-manipulation-and-home-exercise-for-back-related-leg-pain-a-qualitative-study-within-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Michele Maiers, Maria A Hondras, Stacie A Salsbury, Gert Bronfort, Roni Evans
BACKGROUND: Patient perceptions may influence the effectiveness and utilization of healthcare interventions, particularly for complex health conditions such as sciatica or back-related leg pain (BRLP). OBJECTIVES: To explore BRLP patients' perceptions of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and home exercise with advice (HEA). DESIGN: Qualitative study in a controlled clinical trial. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews conducted after 12 weeks of treatment asked participants about satisfaction with care and whether treatment was worthwhile...
September 23, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704286/herniectomy-versus-herniectomy-with-the-diam-spinal-stabilization-system-in-patients-with-sciatica-and-concomitant-low-back-pain-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial
#18
Ferdinand Krappel, Marco Brayda-Bruno, Giovanni Alessi, Jean-Michel Remacle, Luis Alberto Lopez, Jesus Javier Fernández, Gianluca Maestretti, Christian W A Pfirrmann
PURPOSE: To investigate the short and medium term efficacy and patient outcomes of DIAM spinal stabilization system on back pain, disability, leg pain and quality of life. METHODS: 165 patients were enrolled; 146 patients with a single level disc herniation (L2 to L5) were randomized: 75 investigational (herniectomy and DIAM) and 71 control (herniectomy alone) treated and followed up for 24 months. RESULTS: Significant improvements overtime (P < 0...
October 4, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689603/association-of-low-back-pain-on-physical-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-across-a-general-population-sample-within-greece
#19
E Billis, C Koutsojannis, C Matzaroglou, J Gliatis, K Fousekis, G Gioftsos, M Papandreou, C McCarthy, J A Oldham, E Tsepis
BACKGROUND: Although low back pain (LBP) is a debilitating problem internationally, there is not a lot of research on its impact on physical, psychosocial and lifestyle factors. Especially in Mediterranean countries, such as Greece, it is not sufficiently explored whether physical (pain location, activity limitation etc.), sociodemographic (education, smoking etc.) or lifestyle factors (i.e. quality of life or anxiety) are influenced by LBP. OBJECTIVE: To estimate LBP prevalence in the Greek general population and explore its association with particular sociodemographic, physical and lifestyle factors...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677040/the-tarlov-cyst-a-cause-of-sciatica
#20
Samia Frioui Mahmoudi, Mohamed Layeb, Saoussen Layouni, Sonia Jemni, Mariem Gaddour, Khalil Ben Jeddou, Faycel Khachnaoui
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to study through this observation and review of the literature the role of Tarlov cyst in the occurrence of lombosciatalgias and therapeutic possibilities. OBSERVATIONS: Mrs. H.M 48 years old, with no notable medical history, is hospitalized in Physical Medicine and Functional Rehabilitation department CHU Sahloul for a right S1 radiculopathy associated with a subjective feeling of lower extremity weakness evolving for one year. Clinical examination found a spinal syndrome, absence of discoradicular conflict signs and a plantar flexion deficit of the right ankle...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
keyword
keyword
100126
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"