keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sciatica pain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339334/a-movement-system-impairment-approach-to-evaluation-and-treatment-of-a-person-with-lumbar-radiculopathy-a-case-report
#1
Eileen Miller, Shirley A Sahrmann, Dale Avers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several systems of classification and treatment of patients with low back pain (LBP) based on assessment of the effect of lumbar postures and movements on symptoms. The efficacy of one of these systems, The Movement System Impairment (MSI) method, has not yet been demonstrated in the literature. The purpose of this case report is to describe the approach of the MSI method for an individual with lumbar radiculopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old woman with a history of chronic LBP was referred to PT with a physician's diagnosis of sciatica...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328324/trial-of-pregabalin-for-acute-and-chronic-sciatica
#2
Stephanie Mathieson, Christopher G Maher, Andrew J McLachlan, Jane Latimer, Bart W Koes, Mark J Hancock, Ian Harris, Richard O Day, Laurent Billot, Justin Pik, Stephen Jan, C-W Christine Lin
Background Sciatica can be disabling, and evidence regarding medical treatments is limited. Pregabalin is effective in the treatment of some types of neuropathic pain. This study examined whether pregabalin may reduce the intensity of sciatica. Methods We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of pregabalin in patients with sciatica. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either pregabalin at a dose of 150 mg per day that was adjusted to a maximum dose of 600 mg per day or matching placebo for up to 8 weeks...
March 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325480/low-back-pain-and-sciatica-in-over-16s-assessment-and-management-nice-guideline-ng59
#3
Tarcisio Folly de Campos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294069/wallet-neuritis-an-example-of-peripheral-sensitization
#4
Md Abu Bakar Siddiq, Israt Jahan, Sam Masihuzzaman
BACKGROUND: Wallet neuritis is an example of extra-spinal tunnel neuropathy concerning sciatic nerve. Its clinical appearance often gets confused with sciatica of lumbar spine origin. Wallet-induced chronic sciatic nerve constriction produces gluteal and ipsilateral lower extremity pain, tingling, and burning sensation. It was Lutz, first describing credit-card wallet sciatica in an Attorney, surfaced on Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), 1978; however, the condition has not been well-studied in various other occupations...
March 9, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244968/prognostic-factors-for-persistent-leg-pain-in-patients-hospitalized-with-acute-sciatica
#5
Olaf Fjeld, Margreth Grotle, Vibeke Siewers, Linda M Pedersen, Kristian Bernhard Nilsen, John-Anker Zwart
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To identify potential prognostic factors for persistent leg-pain at 12 months among patients hospitalized with acute severe sciatica. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The long-term outcome for patients admitted to hospital with sciatica is generally unfavorable. Results concerning prognostic factors for persistent sciatica are limited and conflicting. METHODS: A total of 210 patients acutely admitted to hospital for either surgical or nonsurgical treatment of sciatica were consecutively recruited and received a thorough clinical and radiographic examination in addition to responding to a comprehensive questionnaire...
March 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228138/current-management-practices-for-patients-presenting-with-low-back-pain-to-a-large-emergency-department-in-canada
#6
Matthew L Nunn, Jill A Hayden, Kirk Magee
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the leading causes of disability. Presentations to the emergency department (ED) are common and consume significant healthcare resources. However, treatment of patients with LBP is variable and highly physician dependent. Our study objective was to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients presenting to the ED with LBP, the diagnostic strategies employed by ED physicians, and the subsequent management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using clinical and electronic health data at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Science Center's Charles V...
February 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216749/percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-results-of-first-100-cases
#7
Kanthila Mahesha
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation is a major cause of back pain and sciatica. The surgical management of lumbar disc prolapse has evolved from exploratory laminectomy to percutaneous endoscopic discectomy. Percutaneous endoscopic discectomy is the least invasive procedure for lumbar disc prolapse. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical outcome, quality of life, neurologic function, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with lumbar disc prolapse who were treated with percutaneous endoscopic discectomy from May 2012 to January 2014 were included in this retrospective study...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202486/granulocytic-sarcoma-a-rare-cause-of-sciatica
#8
Epaminondas Markos Valsamis, Thomas Edward Glover
We describe a case report of a man aged 56 years with a 4-month history of right-sided sciatica-type pain with subclinical disc prolapse evident on MRI. Worsening pain together with the appearance of a tender mass in his right buttock prompted further imaging, which demonstrated an infiltrative mass engulfing the lumbosacral plexus. This was later shown to be a granulocytic sarcoma on biopsy. Intervertebral disc herniation can be an incidental finding and is not always the cause of sciatica.
February 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181641/risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-and-sciatica-in-elderly-men-the-mros-sweden-study
#9
Mehrsa Kherad, Björn E Rosengren, Ralph Hasserius, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Inga Redlund-Johnell, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström, Mattiaz Lorentzon, Östen Ljunggren, Magnus K Karlsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169960/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-sciatica-an-updated-cochrane-review
#10
Eva Rasmussen-Barr, Ulrike Held, Wilhelmus Ja Grooten, Pepijn Ddm Roelofs, Bart W Koes, Maurits W van Tulder, Maria M Wertli
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on pain reduction, overall improvement, and reported adverse effects in people with sciatica. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: NSAIDs are one of the most frequently prescribed drugs for sciatica. METHODS: We updated a 2008 Cochrane Review through June 2015. Randomized controlled trials that compared NSAIDs to placebo, to other NSAIDs, or to other medication were included...
February 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160759/five-herbs-plus-thiamine-reduce-pain-and-improve-functional-mobility-in-patients-with-pain-a-pilot-study
#11
Robert Hedaya
Context • Five herbs-Urtica dioica (stinging nettle), Boswellia serrata, Equisetum arvense, Allium sativum, and Apium graveolens-have been demonstrated to have activity at several anti-inflammatory pathways and have analgesic properties that are effective in treating chronic musculoskeletal pain. Objectives • The study intended to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a proprietary blend of U dioica, B serrata, E arvense, A sativum, A graveolens, and thiamine (vitamin B1), or "the blend," in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119770/lumbar-herniated-disc-spontaneous-regression
#12
Idiris Altun, Kasım Zafer Yüksel
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a frequent condition that results in substantial disability and causes admission of patients to neurosurgery clinics. To evaluate and present the therapeutic outcomes in lumbar disc hernia (LDH) patients treated by means of a conservative approach, consisting of bed rest and medical therapy. METHODS: This retrospective cohort was carried out in the neurosurgery departments of hospitals in Kahramanmaraş city and 23 patients diagnosed with LDH at the levels of L3-L4, L4-L5 or L5-S1 were enrolled...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091818/lumbar-microdiscectomy-for-sciatica-in-adolescents-a-multicentre-observational-registry-based-study
#13
Sasha Gulati, Mattis A Madsbu, Tore K Solberg, Andreas Sørlie, Charalampis Giannadakis, Marius K Skram, Øystein P Nygaard, Asgeir S Jakola
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is rare in the adolescent population. Factors predisposing to LDH in adolescents differ from adults with more cases being related to trauma or structural malformations. Further, there are limited data on patient-reported outcomes after lumbar microdiscectomy in adolescents. Our aim was to compare clinical outcomes at 1 year following single-level lumbar microdiscectomy in adolescents (13-19 years old) compared to younger adults (20-50 years old) with LDH...
March 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065875/comparing-quality-of-life-in-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-with-other-chronic-debilitating-diseases-using-the-sf-36-survey
#14
Taemin Oh, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Vincent Challier, Christopher Shaffrey, Han Jo Kim, Paul Arnold, Jens Chapman, Frank Schwab, Eric Massicotte, Tim Yoon, Shay Bess, Michael Fehlings, Justin Smith, Christopher Ames
BACKGROUND: Although cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) can be devastating, its relative impact on general health remains unclear. Patient responses to the SF-36 PCS/MCS were compared between CSM and other diseases to evaluate their respective impacts on quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Compare SF-36 PCS/MCS scores in CSM to population and disease-specific norms. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospective, multi-center AOSpine North American CSM Study database...
January 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062522/low-back-pain-and-sciatica-summary-of-nice-guidance
#15
Ian A Bernstein, Qudsia Malik, Serena Carville, Stephen Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028573/diffusion-tensor-imaging-and-tractography-of-the-sciatic-nerve-assessment-of-fractional-anisotropy-and-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-values-relative-to-the-piriformis-muscle-a-preliminary-study
#16
Keizo Wada, Takuya Hashimoto, Ryo Miyagi, Toshinori Sakai, Koichi Sairyo
OBJECTIVE: Piriformis muscle syndrome (PMS) is underdiagnosed. To evaluate the potential of diffusion tensor imaging and diffusion tensor tractography as innovative tools for the diagnosis of PMS by functional assessment of the sciatic nerve, the aims of this study are to assess the reproducibility and to evaluate the changes in the parameters at levels proximal and distal to the piriformis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fractional anisotropy (FA) and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the sciatic nerve at three levels were quantified twice each by two examiners using the fiber-tracking method...
December 27, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003290/surgical-versus-conservative-treatment-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Marinella Gugliotta, Bruno R da Costa, Essam Dabis, Robert Theiler, Peter Jüni, Stephan Reichenbach, Hans Landolt, Paul Hasler
OBJECTIVES: Evidence comparing the effectiveness of surgical and conservative treatment of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation is controversial. We sought to compare short-term and long-term effectiveness of surgical and conservative treatment in sciatica symptom severity and quality of life in patients with lumbar disc herniation in a routine clinical setting. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of a routine clinical practice registry consisting of 370 patients...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906951/changes-in-neuroglial-activity-in-multiple-spinal-segments-after-caudal-epidural-pulsed-radiofrequency-in-a-rat-model-of-lumbar-disc-herniation
#18
Hee Kyung Cho, Jae Hoon Kang, So-Yeon Kim, Mi-Jung Choi, Se Jin Hwang, Yun-Woo Cho, Sang-Ho Ahn
BACKGROUND: Herniated lumbar discs can induce sciatica by mechanical compression and/or chemical irritation. It was recently reported that neuroglial cellular activity after pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) application to a single dorsal root ganglion (DRG) attenuated neuroglial activity at the corresponding spinal dorsal horn. Recently, caudal epidural PRF has been used to manage neuropathic pain, but evidence of molecular changes after the administration of caudal epidural PRF to attenuate neuropathic pain is lacking, and it has not been determined whether caudal epidural PRF affects neuroglial activity at different spinal levels...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900106/giant-intrapelvic-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-mimicking-disc-herniation-a-case-report
#19
Peng Wang, Cong Chen, Xiaotang Xin, Bo Liu, Wei Li, Dezhen Yin, Weidong Mu
Giant intrapelvic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors arising in the sciatic nerve in the pelvic cavity are a rare occurrence and their symptomatology is usually misdiagnosed as intervertebral disc herniation. We herein report the case of a 46-year old woman presenting with pain, hypesthesia and weakness of the left lower extremity due to a giant intrapelvic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the sciatic nerve. Prior to being referred to our institution, the patient was misdiagnosed as a case of sciatica due to a lumbar disc herniation and underwent an operation unsuccessfully, as there was little symptomatic improvement 2 months after the surgery...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885470/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-transforaminal-endoscopic-discectomy-vs-microdiscectomy
#20
J N Alaistair Gibson, Ashok S Subramanian, Chloe E H Scott
PURPOSE: Transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (TED) minimises paraspinal muscle damage. The aim of this trial was to compare clinical outcomes of TED to Microdiscectomy (Micro). METHODS: 143 patients, age 25-70 years and <115 kg, with single level lumbar prolapse and radiculopathy, were recruited and randomised. 70 received TED under conscious sedation and 70 Micro under general anaesthesia. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analogue scores (VAS) of back and leg pain, and Short Form Health Survey indices (SF-36) were measured preoperatively and at 3, 12 and 24 months...
March 2017: European Spine Journal
keyword
keyword
100126
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"