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Chronic psychosocial stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344846/evaluation-of-psychosocial-and-biological-parameters-in-women-seeking-for-a-caesarean-section-and-women-who-are-aiming-for-vaginal-delivery-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Benjamin Tuschy, Sebastian Berlit, Paul Stützer, Stefanie Lis, Christian Schmahl, Ulf Baumgärtner, Marc Sütterlin
PURPOSE: To investigate psychosocial and biological parameters that may influence decision-making concerning the mode of delivery in women with caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR). METHODS: Two hundred and two women were enrolled prospectively. The study sample (n = 93) consisted of women who aimed for CSMR, the control sample were women who seeked for vaginal delivery (n = 109). Parturients of both samples were enrolled during the pre-birth counselling at the delivery room at the University Medical Centre Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Germany...
January 17, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340702/risk-and-protective-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-among-african-american-men-an-application-of-the-stress-process-model
#2
Mathew D Gayman, Ben Lennox Kail, Amy Spring, George R Greenidge
Objectives: This study employs the stress process model (SPM) to identify risk/protective factors for mental health among adult African American men. Method: Using a community-based sample of Miami, FL residents linked to neighborhood Census data, this study identifies risk/protective factors for depressive symptomatology using a sample of 248 adult African American men. Results: The stress process variables independently associated with depressive symptoms were family support, mastery, self-esteem, chronic stressors, and daily discrimination...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331697/longitudinal-trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-after-birth-and-associated-risk-factors
#3
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Although longitudinal trajectories of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are well-established in general trauma populations, very little is known about the trajectories of birth-related PTSD. This study aimed to identify trajectories of birth-related PTSD; determine factors associated with each trajectory; and identify women more likely to develop birth-related PTSD. METHOD: 226 women who had traumatic childbirth according to DSM-IV criterion A were drawn from a community sample of 950 women...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313266/factors-that-influence-treatment-and-non-treatment-decision-making-among-individuals-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-an-integrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Kendra J Kamp, Kelly Brittain
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic illness with periods of varying disease activity called flares and remissions. Since IBD impacts quality of life, patients make IBD disease management decisions every day. Previous research indicates limited insight about factors that influence decisions regarding disease management and the types of decisions IBD patients make. The purpose of this integrative review is to identify types of treatment and non-treatment decisions and the factors that influence decision making regarding disease management among individuals with IBD...
January 8, 2018: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306907/new-aspects-in-the-pathomechanism-of-diseases-of-civilization-particularly-psychosomatic-disorders-part-2-chronic-hypocapnia-and-hypercapnia-in-the-medical-practice
#5
Andras Sikter, Zoltan Rihmer, Roberto de Guevara
The authors seek to find new connections between recent results of biology and older theories. This paper aims to assemble the jigsaw puzzle. The theoretical background of the hypothesis was described in the previous issue of the journal (Sikter et al. 2017a). Human stress response often coexists with persistent hypocapnia or hypercapnia - developing via psychosomatic pathomechanism - which can lead to mental and psychosomatic illnesses. Chronic hypocapnia mainly generates hyperarousal disorders which may be reversible for an extended time, however, vicious cycles may start when hypoxia and/or severe somatic diseases are simultaneously present (commonly in the elderly), which conditions often end with death without medical help...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301763/mental-disorder-in-children-with-physical-conditions-a-pilot-study
#6
Alexandra Butler, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Ellen Louise Lipman, Harriet L MacMillan, Andrea Gonzalez, Jan Willem Gorter, Kathy Georgiades, Kathy N Speechley, Michael H Boyle, Mark A Ferro
OBJECTIVES: Methodologically, to assess the feasibility of participant recruitment and retention, as well as missing data in studying mental disorder among children newly diagnosed with chronic physical conditions (ie, multimorbidity). Substantively, to examine the prevalence of multimorbidity, identify sociodemographic correlates and model the influence of multimorbidity on changes in child quality of life and parental psychosocial outcomes over a 6-month follow-up. DESIGN: Prospective pilot study...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288974/jobelyn%C3%A2-attenuates-inflammatory-responses-and-neurobehavioural-deficits-associated-with-complete-freund-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-in-mice
#7
Osarume Omorogbe, Abayomi M Ajayi, Benneth Ben-Azu, Ejiroghene E Oghwere, Adaeze Adebesin, Adegbuyi O Aderibigbe, Olajuwon Okubena, Solomon Umukoro
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of the patients and a major cause of work disability. Current drugs for its treatment only provide palliative effect, as cure for the disease still remains elusive. Jobelyn® (JB), a potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory dietary supplement obtained from Sorghum bicolor, has been claimed to relieve arthritic pain. Thus, this study was designed to evaluate its effect on inflammatory and biochemical changes as well as neurobehavioural deficits associated with complete Freund-adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis in mice...
December 27, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286498/psychosocial-state-of-the-adult-evacuees-and-risk-factors-of-negative-change
#8
V O Buzunov, K M Loganovsky, L I Krasnikova, M O Bomko, Yu M Belyayev, Zh S Yaroshenko, T E Domashevska
Numerous scientific studies have been carried out since the ChNPP accident indicating that the last one has caused a severe psychosocial stress in survivors. Population of radioactively contaminated territories, people migrated from the areas of strict radiation control, and accident consequences clean up participants in 1986 1987 were covered by the conducted research projects. Nature of the stress herewith is polygenic and includes factors directly related to the Chernobyl catastrophe, and factors being a result of social and economic circumstances...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278313/interactions-between-psychosocial-stress-and-the-circadian-endogenous-clock
#9
REVIEW
Charlotte Helfrich-Förster
Animals are exposed to regular daily challenges in their environment as well as to unpredictable stressful events, so-called stressors. Both measures require adequate physiological responses that are controlled by the circadian system and the stress system. The two systems are highly linked with each other. The circadian system prepares the animal for the regular daily challenges by upregulating the stress system before the animal's activity phase every day. In addition, unpredicted environmental challenges upregulate the stress system independently of the circadian system...
December 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275787/association-between-effort-reward-imbalance-and-self-reported-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-u-s-workers
#10
Miriam Mutambudzi, Johannes Siegrist, John D Meyer, Jian Li
OBJECTIVE: Studies assessing the effects of work stress on health in older adults in the U.S. labor force are scarce. We examined the longitudinal association between work stress as measured by effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and incident diabetes over a 7-year period in U.S. working adults aged 50years and older. METHODS: We used longitudinal data from the 2006-2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (n=1932). Cox proportional hazard regression was used to examine whether ERI significantly predicted diabetes incidence in older adults who were diabetes-free at baseline...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248865/prenatal-particulate-matter-exposure-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-at-the-maternal-fetal-interface-effect-modification-by-maternal-lifetime-trauma-and-child-sex
#11
Kelly J Brunst, Marco Sanchez-Guerra, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Ander Wilson, Brent A Coull, Itai Kloog, Joel Schwartz, Kasey J Brennan, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Robert O Wright, Andrea A Baccarelli, Rosalind J Wright
BACKGROUND: Prenatal ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and maternal chronic psychosocial stress have independently been linked to changes in mithochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn), a marker of mitochondrial response and dysfunction. Further, overlapping research shows sex-specific effects of PM2.5 and stress on developmental outcomes. Interactions among PM2.5, maternal stress, and child sex have not been examined in this context. METHODS: We examined associations among exposure to prenatal PM2...
December 14, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242108/a-multi-level-intervention-in-worksites-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-access-and-intake-rationale-design-and-methods-of-the-good-to-go-cluster-randomized-trial
#12
Patricia M Risica, Gemma Gorham, Laura Dionne, William Nardi, Doug Ng, Reese Middler, Jennifer Mello, Rahmet Akpolat, Katelyn Gettens, Kim M Gans
BACKGROUND: Fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important contributor to chronic disease prevention. However, most Americans do not eat adequate amounts. The worksite is an advantageous setting to reach large, diverse segments of the population with interventions to increase F&V intake, but research gaps exist. No studies have evaluated the implementation of mobile F&V markets at worksites nor compared the effectiveness of such markets with or without nutrition education. METHODS: This paper describes the protocol for Good to Go (GTG), a cluster randomized trial to evaluate F&V intake change in employees from worksites randomized into three experimental arms: discount, fresh F&V markets (Access Only arm); markets plus educational components including campaigns, cooking demonstrations, videos, newsletters, and a web site (Access Plus arm); and an attention placebo comparison intervention on physical activity and stress reduction (Comparison)...
December 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236043/stress-induced-endocrine-and-immune-dysfunctions-in-caregivers-of-people-with-eating-disorders
#13
Ángel Romero-Martínez, Luis Moya-Albiol
Caregivers have to cope repeatedly with acute stressors in their daily lives, and this is associated with disturbances in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the immune system. Such disturbances could contribute to the development of health problems in informal caregivers of people with chronic illnesses, such as eating disorders (EDs). The main objective of this study was to examine endocrine (salivary cortisol levels (Csal)), immune (immunoglobulin-A (IgA)), and psychological (anxiety, mood, and anger feelings) responses to an acute psychological stressor in a sample of informal caregivers of individuals with EDs compared to a sample of non-caregivers...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220092/dose-rectification-of-an-unbalance-between-dpp4-and-glp-1-ameliorates-chronic-stress-related-vascular-aging-and-atherosclerosis
#14
Xian Wu Cheng, Megumi Narisawa, Enze Jin, Chenglin Yu, Wenhu Xu, Limei Piao
Exposure to psychosocial stress is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including vascular aging and regeneration. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) exerts many physiological and pharmacological functions by regulating its extremely abundant substrates [e.g., glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), stromal cell-derived factor-1α/ C-X-C chemokine receptor type-4, etc.]. Over the past decade, emerging data revealed unexpected roles for DPP-4 and GLP-1 in intracellular signaling, oxidative stress production, lipid metabolism, cell apoptosis, immune activation, insulin resistance, and inflammation...
December 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#15
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214195/work-stress-fatigue-and-risk-behaviors-at-the-wheel-data-to-assess-the-association-between-psychosocial-work-factors-and-risky-driving-on-bus-rapid-transit-drivers
#16
Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Viviola Gómez
This Data in Brief (DiB) article presents a hierarchical multiple linear regression model that examine the associations between psychosocial work factors and risk behaviors at the wheel in Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) drivers (n=524). The data were collected using a structured self-administrable questionnaire made of measurements of wok stress (job strain and effort- reward imbalance), fatigue (need for recovery and chronic fatigue), psychological distress and demographics (professional driving experience, hours driven per day and days working per week)...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196916/bullying-victimization-heightens-cortisol-response-to-psychosocial-stress-in-chinese-children
#17
Guanghui Chen, Yanhong Kong, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Wenxin Zhang
Childhood adverse experiences have been consistently documented to engender persistent changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity to chronic stress. However, there has been very little research examining whether this effect can be elicited among children when using a standardized laboratory stress test, or whether such effects are found in non-Western youth. In the current study, 80 10-year-old Chinese children (45% girls, 4-5th grades) were selected from 970 students based on the experience of being bullied, resulting in a sample of 59 victims (physical, verbal, and relational/social), and a group of 21 nonbullied children with distributions of age and gender that were comparable...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187314/what-is-stressful-for-females-differential-effects-of-unpredictable-environmental-or-social-stress-in-cd1-female-mice
#18
Harold Dadomo, Laura Gioiosa, Jenny Cigalotti, Graziano Ceresini, Stefano Parmigiani, Paola Palanza
Stressful life events are a major factor in the etiology of several diseases, such as cardiovascular, inflammatory and psychiatric disorders (i.e., depression and anxiety), with the two sexes greatly differing in vulnerability. In humans and other animals, physiological and behavioral responses to stress are strongly dependent on gender, and conditions that are stressful for males are not necessarily stressful for females. Hence the need of an animal model of social chronic stress specifically designed for females...
December 6, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164993/comparative-effects-of-meditation-and-exercise-on-physical-and-psychosocial-health-outcomes-a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: No review papers have examined studies that have directly compared non-active forms of meditation with exercise to evaluate effects on physical or psychosocial outcomes, which was the purpose of this paper. METHODS: Studies were included if they had a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design, included a non-active form of meditation and exercise as intervention arms, and evaluated physical or psychosocial outcomes. The quality of included RCTs was rated using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias in randomized trials...
November 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146967/splenic-glucocorticoid-resistance-following-psychosocial-stress-requires-physical-injury
#20
Sandra Foertsch, Andrea M Füchsl, Sandra D Faller, Hannah Hölzer, Dominik Langgartner, Joanna Messmann, Gudrun Strauß, Stefan O Reber
Mice exposed to chronic subordinate colony housing (CSC) stress show glucocorticoid (GC) resistance of in vitro lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated splenocytes, increased anxiety and colitis. Similar effects were reported in wounded mice exposed to social disruption (SDR). Here we show that CSC exposure induced GC resistance in isolated and in vitro LPS-stimulated, but not unstimulated, splenocytes, and these effects were absent when CD11b(+) splenocytes were depleted. Moreover, re-active coping behaviour during CSC correlated with the attacks and bites received by the resident, which in turn highly correlated with the dimension of splenic GC resistance, as with basal and LPS-induced in vitro splenocyte viability...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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