keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic psychosocial stress

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902569/individual-differences-in-pain-understanding-the-mosaic-that-makes-pain-personal
#1
Roger B Fillingim
The experience of pain is characterized by tremendous inter-individual variability. Multiple biological and psychosocial variables contribute to these individual differences in pain, including demographic variables, genetic factors, and psychosocial processes. For example, sex, age and ethnic group differences in the prevalence of chronic pain conditions have been widely reported. Moreover, these demographic factors have been associated with responses to experimentally-induced pain. Similarly, both genetic and psychosocial factors contribute to clinical and experimental pain responses...
November 24, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889314/dietary-patterns-during-adulthood-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-women-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#2
Nicole A VanKim, S Bryn Austin, Hee-Jin Jun, Frank B Hu, Heather L Corliss
BACKGROUND: Lesbian and bisexual women are at greater risk of being obese than heterosexual women; however, there is little research on dietary intake among lesbian and bisexual women. OBJECTIVE: This study estimated differences in dietary quality and intake during adulthood comparing heterosexual women to lesbian and bisexual women. DESIGN: Biennial mailed questionnaires were used to collect data from a cohort between 1991 and 2011. Heterosexual-identified women were the reference group...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#3
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845614/activation-group-program-for-elderly-diabetic-patients
#4
Alena Voseckova, Zuzana Truhlarova, Radka Janebová, Kamil Kuca
The ability to handle stress situations is essential to subjective well-being. The program "Life with diabetes" extends traditional educational approaches by a psycho-social level with emphasis on coping with the disease. It draws on the transtheoretical model of behavior change and Person-Centered Approach (PCA). Results confirm the effectiveness of group work. Values of the activation block have increased (subscales PE and A). An increase of values of positive psychological state was observed, along with a simultaneous decrease in nervousness, anxiety, depressive tendencies, and better compensation of diabetes...
November 15, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835066/mental-illness-and-mental-healthcare-receipt-among-hospitalized-veterans-with-serious-physical-illnesses
#5
Melissa M Garrido, Holly G Prigerson, Suvam Neupane, Joan D Penrod, Christopher E Johnson, Kenneth S Boockvar
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial distress among patients with limited life expectancy influences treatment decisions, treatment adherence, and physical health. Veterans may be at elevated risk of psychosocial distress at the end of life, and understanding their mental healthcare needs may help identify hospitalized patients to whom psychiatric services should be targeted. OBJECTIVE: To examine mental illness prevalence and mental health treatment rates among a national sample of hospitalized veterans with serious physical illnesses...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834490/positive-mental-health-in-schizophrenia-and-healthy-comparison-groups-relationships-with-overall-health-and-biomarkers
#6
Emily C Edmonds, Averria Sirkin Martin, Barton W Palmer, Lisa T Eyler, Brinda K Rana, Dilip V Jeste
OBJECTIVE: Positive psychological factors (PPFs) have been reported to have a significant impact on health in the general population. However, little is known about the relationship of these factors with mental and physical health in schizophrenia. METHOD: One hundred and thirty-five outpatients with schizophrenia and 127 healthy comparison subjects (HCs), aged 26-65 years, were evaluated with scales of resilience, optimism, happiness, and perceived stress. Measures of mental and physical health were also obtained...
November 11, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834414/psychosocial-aspects-and-temporomandibular-disorders-in-dental-students
#7
Cibele Oliveira de Melo Rocha, Raniel Fernandes Peixoto, Camila Maria Bastos Machado Resende, Arthur César de Medeiros Alves, Ângelo Giuseppe Roncalli da Oliveira, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Dental students have high levels of anxiety that can affect not only academic performance but also increase the risk for other diseases. It is believed that the increase in the incidence of chronic orofacial pain in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) may have an impact on the quality of life and general health of subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of TMD in dental students and its association with general health, quality of life, and anxiety. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Ninety students were evaluated by four questionnaires to determine the prevalence and severity of TMD (Fonseca's questionnaire) and to quantify general health (General Health Questionnaire - GHQ), quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life - Brief version - WHOQOL-brief) and anxiety levels (State-Trait Anxiety Index - STAI)...
November 10, 2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834091/high-prevalence-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-adult-patients-with-bronchiectasis
#8
N Duignan, M J McDonnell, M C Mokoka, R M Rutherford
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is frequently under-reported in patients with chronic lung disease and may have negative psychosocial consequences. We conducted a prospective study to determine the prevalence, severity and treatment outcomes of SUI in female bronchiectasis patients referred for airway clearance techniques. Nineteen out of 40 (48%) patients reported SUI symptoms. Of these, 14 (74%) reported a reduced quality of life secondary to SUI. Following personalised intervention, symptom improvement was observed in 13/19 (68%)...
August 8, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830572/inflammation-associated-co-morbidity-between-depression-and-cardiovascular-disease
#9
Angelos Halaris
Morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is exceedingly high worldwide. Depressive illness is a serious psychiatric illness that afflicts a significant portion of the world population. Epidemiological studies have confirmed the high co-morbidity between these two disease entities. The co-morbidity is bidirectional and the mechanisms responsible for it are complex and multifaceted. In addition to genetic, biological systems, psychosocial, and behavioral factors that are involved include the central and autonomic nervous systems, the neuroendocrine, immune, and the vascular and hematologic systems...
November 10, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801949/maternal-prenatal-stress-and-child-atopic-dermatitis-up-to-age-2-years-the-ulm-spatz-health-study
#10
Stefanie Braig, Johannes M Weiss, Tobias Stalder, Clemens Kirschbaum, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Jon Genuneit
BACKGROUND: Evidence linking maternal psychosocial stress during pregnancy to subsequent child atopic dermatitis (AD) is growing but the definition of AD is diverse and results are inconsistent. We aimed to analyze the relationship between stress and AD using alternative methods of measurement of stress and AD. METHODS: In the Ulm SPATZ Health Study, chronic stress and symptoms of anxiety and depression were assessed by standardized self-reported questionnaires in 934 mothers of singletons following delivery in Ulm, Germany, from 04/2012-05/2013...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794254/does-stress-play-a-significant-role-in-bipolar-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Claudia Lex, Eva Bäzner, Thomas D Meyer
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that stressful life events (LE) play a crucial role in the etiology of bipolar affective disorder (BD). However, primary studies, as well as narrative reviews, have provided mixed results. The present meta-analysis combined and analyzed previous data in order to address these inconsistencies. METHOD: Forty-two studies published in 53 records were identified by systematically searching MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and PSYCHINDEX using the terms "bipolar disorder" OR "manic-depressive" OR "bipolar affective disorder" OR "mania" AND "stress" OR "life event" OR "daily hassles" OR "goal attainment"...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787408/chronic-psychosocial-stress-and-gut-health-in-children-associations-with-calprotectin-and-fecal-short-chain-fatty-acids
#12
Nathalie Michels, Tom Van de Wiele, Stefaan De Henauw
OBJECTIVES: The mechanisms underpinning the association between chronic stress and gut health are poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the relationship between bacterial produced short-chain fatty acids, gut barrier function, and stress measures. METHODS: A fecal sample, hair sample, and questionnaire data were collected from 113 Belgian children (8-16 years old). Biological measures of stress included hair cortisol (most proximal 3 cm) and 5-minute heart rate variability (high frequency)...
October 26, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782921/tolerance-limits-self-understanding-and-stress-resilience-in-integrative-recovery-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Kari Skrautvol, Dagfinn Nåden
People living with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) experienced that knowledge about their embodied tolerance limits, diet, mental problem solving, and change in lifestyle together with integrative health care could promote recovery from their diagnosed disease in calmer periods of suffering. A hermeneutic approach was used to analyze interviews with patients living with IBD outside hospitals. Thirteen young adults between 18 and 45 years of age in calmer phases of IBD participated in the study. Three main themes emerged from the analysis of the interviews: (1) Understanding limits in embodied tolerance, (2) Restoring balance is creating a new equilibrium, and (3) Creating resilience through integrative care...
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776604/negative-affect-perceived-health-and-endocrine-and-immunological-levels-in-caregivers-of-offspring-with-schizophrenia
#14
Sara De Andrés-García, Irene Cano-López, Luis Moya-Albiol, Esperanza González-Bono
BACKGROUND: Negative affect (NA) and chronic stress are separately associated with health imbalances, and the interaction between the two aspects remains unclear. Care of relatives with long-term pathologies could be a likely model in the study of this issue, as caregivers frequently report chronic stress and health complaints. The aim of this study is examine the role of NA on psychophysiological stress-induced response and health in schizophrenia caregivers. METHOD: Forty-one caregivers were distributed into two groups accordingly to their scores in NA...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765009/the-differential-diagnosis-of-tiredness-a-systematic-review
#15
Rebekka Stadje, Katharina Dornieden, Erika Baum, Annette Becker, Tobias Biroga, Stefan Bösner, Jörg Haasenritter, Christian Keunecke, Annika Viniol, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff
BACKGROUND: Tiredness is one of the most frequent complaints in primary care. Although often self-limiting and frequently associated with psychosocial stress, patients but also their physicians are often uncertain regarding a serious cause and appropriate diagnostic work-up. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting on differential diagnosis of fatigue in primary care. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and conference abstracts were searched for primary care based studies of patients presenting with tiredness...
October 20, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755119/sympathetic-nerves-and-hypertension-in-stress-sleep-apnea-and-caregiving
#16
Michael G Ziegler, Milos Milic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) mediates short-term increases in blood pressure. Evidence that psychosocial stress leads to chronic hypertension is mixed. The SNS activation found in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), caregiving for a severely demented spouse, and obesity more specifically address whether SNS activation might lead to the metabolic syndrome and hypertension. RECENT FINDINGS: Obesity is associated with both increased SNS electrical activity and plasma norepinephrine...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747463/-psychosocial-stressors-and-pain-sensitivity-in-chronic-pain-disorder-with-somatic-and-psychological-factors-f45-41
#17
M Studer, J Stewart, N Egloff, E Zürcher, R von Känel, J Brodbeck, M Grosse Holtforth
BACKGROUND: Increased pain sensitivity is characteristic for patients with chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45.41). Persistent stress can induce, sustain, and intensify pain sensitivity, thereby modulating pain perception. In this context, it would be favorable to investigate which psychosocial stressors are empirically linked to pain sensitivity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between psychosocial stressors and pain sensitivity in a naturalistic sample of patients with chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45...
October 17, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744667/replication-of-early-b-cell-factor-1-ebf1-gene-by-psychosocial-stress-interaction-effects-on-central-adiposity-in-a-korean-population
#18
Hyun-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min, Kyoung-Bok Min
OBJECTIVES: Central obesity plays a major role in the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and cancer. Chronic stress may be involved in the pathophysiology of central obesity. Although several large-scale genome-wide association studies have reported susceptibility genes for central adiposity, the effects of interactions between genes and psychosocial stress on central adiposity have rarely been examined. A recent study focusing on Caucasians discovered the novel gene early B-cell factor 1 (EBF1), which was associated with central obesity-related traits via interactions with stress levels...
September 2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733301/experimentally-induced-psychosocial-stress-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review
#19
Claudia Lange, Lorenz Deutschenbaur, Stefan Borgwardt, Undine E Lang, Marc Walter, Christian G Huber
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that exposure to social stress plays a crucial role in the onset and relapse of schizophrenia; however, the reaction of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD) to experimentally induced social stress is not yet fully understood. METHOD: Original research published between January 1993 and August 2015 was included in this systematic literature research. Social stress paradigms, reporting subjective responses to stress measures, plasma or saliva cortisol, or heart rate (HR) in patients with SSD were included...
October 9, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710010/predicting-severe-asthma-exacerbations-in-children
#20
Sandeep Puranik, Erick Forno, Andrew Bush, Juan C Celedón
Severe exacerbations negatively impact the quality of life and education of children with asthma, while also causing substantial healthcare costs. Preventing severe asthma exacerbations requires identifying patients at high risk, in order to develop personalized care protocols to prevent such exacerbations. In this review, we assess and discuss recently published data on risk factors and predictive tools for severe asthma exacerbations in childhood. Although few genome-wide association studies have focused on severe asthma exacerbations, one such study recently identified cadherin-related family member 3 (CDHR3, implicated on integrity of the airway epithelium), as a susceptibility gene for recurrent severe asthma exacerbations in young children...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
100123
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"