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Chronic psychosocial stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164993/comparative-effects-of-meditation-and-exercise-on-physical-and-psychosocial-health-outcomes-a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: No review papers have examined studies that have directly compared non-active forms of meditation with exercise to evaluate effects on physical or psychosocial outcomes, which was the purpose of this paper. METHODS: Studies were included if they had a randomized controlled trial (RCT) design, included a non-active form of meditation and exercise as intervention arms, and evaluated physical or psychosocial outcomes. The quality of included RCTs was rated using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias in randomized trials...
November 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146967/splenic-glucocorticoid-resistance-following-psychosocial-stress-requires-physical-injury
#2
Sandra Foertsch, Andrea M Füchsl, Sandra D Faller, Hannah Hölzer, Dominik Langgartner, Joanna Messmann, Gudrun Strauß, Stefan O Reber
Mice exposed to chronic subordinate colony housing (CSC) stress show glucocorticoid (GC) resistance of in vitro lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated splenocytes, increased anxiety and colitis. Similar effects were reported in wounded mice exposed to social disruption (SDR). Here we show that CSC exposure induced GC resistance in isolated and in vitro LPS-stimulated, but not unstimulated, splenocytes, and these effects were absent when CD11b(+) splenocytes were depleted. Moreover, re-active coping behaviour during CSC correlated with the attacks and bites received by the resident, which in turn highly correlated with the dimension of splenic GC resistance, as with basal and LPS-induced in vitro splenocyte viability...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142037/elevated-psychosocial-stress-at-work-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Jutta G Richter, Thomas Muth, Jian Li, Ralph Brinks, Gamal Chehab, Tobias Koch, Johannes Siegrist, Peter Angerer, Dörte Huscher, Matthias Schneider
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial stress at work not only affects the healthy working population, but also workers with chronic diseases. We aimed to investigate the psychosocial work stress levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A cross-sectional study applied the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) questionnaire - an internationally established instrument that measures work stress - to patients with SLE and RA who were capable of work and to a group of controls without these diseases...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128802/chronic-social-isolation-in-adaptation-of-hpa-axis-to-heterotypic-stress
#4
Anna Gądek-Michalska, Andrzej Bugajski, Joanna Tadeusz, Paulina Rachwalska, Jan Bugajski
BACKGROUND: Social crowding and isolation are recognized as major stressors and risk factors for development of psychiatric disorders. Chronic isolation stress (IS) and crowding stress (CS) activate neuroendocrine and neurochemical mechanisms, that activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Changes of the plasma level of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), ACTH and corticosterone (CORT) after chronic psychosocial IS and CS were investigated. METHODS: Control rats were kept 5 per cage and not stressed...
November 9, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118417/brain-activation-induced-by-chronic-psychosocial-stress-in-mice
#5
Mikaela A Laine, Ewa Sokolowska, Mateusz Dudek, Saija-Anita Callan, Petri Hyytiä, Iiris Hovatta
Chronic psychosocial stress is a well-established risk factor for neuropsychiatric diseases. Abnormalities in brain activity have been demonstrated in patients with stress-related disorders. Global brain activation patterns during chronic stress exposure are less well understood but may have strong modifying effects on specific brain circuits and thereby influence development of stress-related pathologies. We determined neural activation induced by chronic social defeat stress, a mouse model of psychosocial stress...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106663/stress-is-associated-with-poor-outcome-of-acute-treatment-for-chronic-migraine-a-multicenter-study
#6
Myoung-Jin Cha, Byung-Kun Kim, Heui-Soo Moon, Jin-Young Ahn, Kyungmi Oh, Jee Young Kim, Byung-Su Kim, Jong-Hee Sohn, Jae-Myun Chung, Tae-Jin Song, Jiyoung Kim, Jong-Geun Seo, Min Kyung Chu, Soo-Jin Cho
Background: Chronic migraine (CM) is associated with severe psychological symptoms and disabilities. Information on the relationship between stress and the outcomes of acute CM treatment is limited. Methods: We evaluated the clinical presentation and stress levels of patients with CM who visited the neurology departments of 14 hospitals between September and December 2015. The patients were divided into stress and reference groups on the basis of the Korean version of the Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument (BEPSI-K)...
November 2, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100499/the-role-of-psychosocial-stress-in-the-development-of-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Valentina Buscemi, Wei-Ju Chang, Matthew B Liston, James H McAuley, Siobhan Schabrun
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors play an important role in chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders. Although psychosocial stress is likely to contribute to the development of chronic musculoskeletal pain, investigations are limited to work-related stress or examination of specific conditions such as upper limb pain. The purpose of this review is to assess the evidence for an aetiological role of psychological stress in chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis will be conducted...
November 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091039/psychosocial-aspects-in-patients-with-chronic-leg-ulcers
#8
Eftychia Platsidaki, Anargyros Kouris, Christos Christodoulou
Chronic leg ulcers persist for > 6 weeks and show no tendency to heal after 3 or more months. They can be distressing to patients, both directly through physical symptoms caused by the disease and indirectly through limitations on work capacity, social activity, and personal hygiene. The quality of life (QoL) of patients with leg ulcers can be impaired by a complex set of aspects. Restrictions in their ability to perform paid employment, handle household duties, and engage in personal hygiene adversely affect patients' QoL...
October 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075362/psychological-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-for-asthma-exacerbations-and-morbidity-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Alyssa A Oland, Genery D Booster, Bruce G Bender
Asthma is the most common childhood illness and disproportionately affects low-income, minority children who live in urban areas. A range of risk factors are associated with asthma morbidity and mortality, such as treatment non-adherence, exposure to environmental triggers, low-income households, exposure to chronic stress, child psychological problems, parental stress, family functioning, obesity, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diets. These risk factors often have complex interactions and inter-relationships...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065479/psoriasis-and-cardiovascular-comorbidities-focusing-on-severe-vascular-events-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-implications-for-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Stephen Chu-Sung Hu, Cheng-Che E Lan
Psoriasis is a common and chronic inflammatory disease of the skin. It may impair the physical and psychosocial function of patients and lead to decreased quality of life. Traditionally, psoriasis has been regarded as a disease affecting only the skin and joints. More recently, studies have shown that psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory disorder which can be associated with various comorbidities. In particular, psoriasis is associated with an increased risk of developing severe vascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042248/the-antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-like-effects-of-fluoxetine-and-clozapine-in-chronically-isolated-rats-involve-inhibition-of-hippocampal-tnf-%C3%AE
#11
Nevena Todorović, Dragana Filipović
Brain oxidative stress and neuroinflammation are implicated in psychiatric disorders. Thus, it is important to investigate the effects of individual psychotropic agents on antioxidative defense and proinflammatory mediators in brain regions associated with these disorders. Psychosocial stress is recognized as a threat to mental health, and the hippocampus is a primary target of stress-related damage. Chronic social isolation (CSIS) is a mild psychosocial stress used to model the pathophysiology of depression...
October 16, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041862/impact-of-chronic-maternal-stress-during-early-gestation-on-maternal-fetal-stress-transfer-and-fetal-stress-sensitivity-in-sheep
#12
Michelle Dreiling, Rene Schiffner, Sabine Bischoff, Sven Rupprecht, Nasim Kroegel, Harald Schubert, Otto W Witte, Matthias Schwab, Florian Rakers
Acute stress-induced reduction of uterine blood flow (UBF) is an indirect mechanism of maternal-fetal stress transfer during late gestation. Effects of chronic psychosocial maternal stress (CMS) during early gestation, as may be experienced by many working women, on this stress signaling mechanism are unclear. We hypothesized that CMS in sheep during early gestation augments later acute stress-induced decreases of UBF, and aggravates the fetal hormonal, cardiovascular, and metabolic stress responses during later development...
October 18, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983508/specific-reduction-in-cortisol-stress-reactivity-after-social-but-not-attention-based-mental-training
#13
Veronika Engert, Bethany E Kok, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Tania Singer
Psychosocial stress is a public health burden in modern societies. Chronic stress-induced disease processes are, in large part, mediated via the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary system. We asked whether the contemplative mental training of different practice types targeting attentional, socio-affective (for example, compassion), or socio-cognitive abilities (for example, perspective-taking) in the context of a 9-month longitudinal training study offers an effective means for psychosocial stress reduction...
October 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982680/chronic-psychosocial-stress-disturbs-long-bone-growth-in-adolescent-mice
#14
S Foertsch, M Haffner-Luntzer, J Kroner, F Gross, K Kaiser, M Erber, S O Reber, A Ignatius
Although a strong association between psychiatric and somatic disorders is generally accepted, little is known regarding the interrelation between mental and skeletal health. While depressive disorders were shown to be strongly associated with osteoporosis and increased fracture risk, evidence from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients is less consistent. Therefore, the present study investigated the influence of chronic psychosocial stress on bone using a well-established murine model for PTSD. 7-week-old C57BL/6N mice were subjected to chronic subordinate colony housing (CSC) for 19 days, whereas control mice were singly housed...
October 5, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977648/psychosocial-mechanisms-underlying-older-black-men-s-health
#15
Tyson H Brown, Taylor W Hargrove
Objectives: To evaluate the psychosocial mechanisms underlying older Black men's self-rated health, we examined: (a) the individual, cumulative, and collective effects of stressors on health; (b) the direct effects of psychosocial resources on health; and (c) the stress-moderating effects of psychosocial resources. Method: This study is based on a nationally representative sample of Black men aged 51-81 (N = 593) in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models of the psychosocial determinants of self-rated health draw on data from the HRS 2010 and 2012 Core datasets and Psychosocial Modules...
August 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963101/chronic-psychological-stress-accelerates-vascular-senescence-and-impairs-ischemia-induced-neovascularization-the-role-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-glucagon-like-peptide-1-adiponectin-axis
#16
Limei Piao, Guangxian Zhao, Enbo Zhu, Aiko Inoue, Rei Shibata, Yanna Lei, Lina Hu, Chenglin Yu, Guang Yang, Hongxian Wu, Wenhu Xu, Kenji Okumura, Noriyuki Ouchi, Toyoaki Murohara, Masafumi Kuzuya, Xian Wu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Exposure to psychosocial stress is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including vascular aging and regeneration. Given that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) regulates several intracellular signaling pathways associated with the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) metabolism, we investigated the role of DPP4/GLP-1 axis in vascular senescence and ischemia-induced neovascularization in mice under chronic stress, with a special focus on adiponectin -mediated peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ/its co-activator 1α (PGC-1α) activation...
September 28, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961216/interaction-between-social-psychosocial-factors-and-genetic-variants-on-body-mass-index-a-gene-environment-interaction-analysis-in-a-longitudinal-setting
#17
Wei Zhao, Erin B Ware, Zihuai He, Sharon L R Kardia, Jessica D Faul, Jennifer A Smith
Obesity, which develops over time, is one of the leading causes of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease. However, hundreds of BMI (body mass index)-associated genetic loci identified through large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) only explain about 2.7% of BMI variation. Most common human traits are believed to be influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Past studies suggest a variety of environmental features that are associated with obesity, including socioeconomic status and psychosocial factors...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941093/staging-in-bipolar-disorder-from-theoretical-framework-to-clinical-utility
#18
Michael Berk, Robert Post, Aswin Ratheesh, Emma Gliddon, Ajeet Singh, Eduard Vieta, Andre F Carvalho, Melanie M Ashton, Lesley Berk, Susan M Cotton, Patrick D McGorry, Brisa S Fernandes, Lakshmi N Yatham, Seetal Dodd
Illness staging is widely utilized in several medical disciplines to help predict course or prognosis, and optimize treatment. Staging models in psychiatry in general, and bipolar disorder in particular, depend on the premise that psychopathology moves along a predictable path: an at-risk or latency stage, a prodrome progressing to a first clinical threshold episode, and one or more recurrences with the potential to revert or progress to late or end-stage manifestations. The utility and validity of a staging model for bipolar disorder depend on its linking to clinical outcome, treatment response and neurobiological measures...
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934128/neuroticism-predicts-subsequent-risk-of-major-depression-for-whites-but-not-blacks
#19
Shervin Assari
Cultural and ethnic differences in psychosocial and medical correlates of negative affect are well documented. This study aimed to compare blacks and whites for the predictive role of baseline neuroticism (N) on subsequent risk of major depressive episodes (MDD) 25 years later. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. We used data on 1219 individuals (847 whites and 372 blacks) who had data on baseline N in 1986 and future MDD in 2011. The main predictor of interest was baseline N, measured using three items in 1986...
September 21, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926940/stress-exposure-and-physical-mental-and-behavioral-health-among-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Melissa L Walls, Kelley J Sittner, Benjamin D Aronson, Angie K Forsberg, Les B Whitbeck, Mustafa al'Absi
American Indian (AI) communities experience disproportionate exposure to stressors and health inequities including type 2 diabetes. Yet, we know little about the role of psychosocial stressors for AI diabetes-related health outcomes. We investigated associations between a range of stressors and psychological, behavioral, and physical health for AIs with diabetes. This community-based participatory research with 5 AI tribes includes 192 AI adult type 2 diabetes patients recruited from clinical records at tribal clinics...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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