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Chronic psychosocial stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415916/association-between-psychosocial-stress-and-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Mei-Yan Liu, Na Li, William A Li, Hajra Khan
AIM: The etiology of hypertension is various and complex, involving both genetic and behavioral factors. The relationship between psychosocial stress and hypertension has been hypothesized. More and more people experience increased anxiety, depression, and chronic psychosocial stress brought on by globalization, cultural changes, socioeconomic changes, and stress at the work place. Although a plethora of studies have investigated the interaction between psychosocial stress and hypertension, this relationship is still contentious...
April 17, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407737/pain-in-amaxhosa-women-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-of-ambulant-outpatients
#2
Romy Parker, Jennifer Jelsma, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS, whether or not they are receiving anti-retroviral therapy. A recent systematic review identified a paucity of studies exploring pain in women in low and middle income countries. The prevalence and characteristics of pain in women living with HIV/AIDS may differ from that of men as many chronic pain conditions are more prevalent in women. The aims of this study were to establish pain prevalence, characteristics and management in amaXhosa women living with HIV/AIDS...
April 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399928/australian-children-living-with-rare-diseases-experiences-of-diagnosis-and-perceived-consequences-of-diagnostic-delays
#3
Yvonne Zurynski, Marie Deverell, Troy Dalkeith, Sandra Johnson, John Christodoulou, Helen Leonard, Elizabeth J Elliott
BACKGROUND: Children and families living with rare disease often experience significant health, psychosocial, economic burdens and diagnostic delays. Experiences appear to be constant, regardless of the specific rare disease diagnosis. Systematically collected Australian data to support policy response on rare diseases are scarce. We address this gap by providing survey results about 462 children aged <19 years living with approximately 200 different rare diseases. RESULTS: Of 462 children, 96% were born in Australia, 55% were male, median age was 8...
April 11, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397390/effects-of-city-living-on-the-mesolimbic-reward-system-an-fmri-study
#4
Bernd Krämer, Esther K Diekhof, Oliver Gruber
Based on higher prevalence rates of several mental disorders for city dwellers, psychosocial stress effects of urban living have been proposed as an environmental risk factor contributing to the development of mental disorders. Recently, it was shown that amygdala activation differs between city dwellers and rural residents in response to a cognitive-social stressor. Besides its influence on the amygdala, chronic stress also affects mesocorticolimbic brain regions involved in reward processing, and stress-related dysregulation of the mesocorticolimbic dopamine system is thought to contribute to onset and manifestation of psychiatric disorders...
April 11, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390969/environmental-enrichment-reduces-chronic-psychosocial-stress-induced-anxiety-and-ethanol-related-behaviors-in-mice
#5
Amine Bahi
Previous research from our laboratory has shown that exposure to chronic psychosocial stress increased voluntary ethanol consumption and preference as well as acquisition of ethanol-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) in mice. This study was done to determine whether an enriched environment could have "curative" effects on chronic psychosocial stress-induced ethanol intake and CPP. For this purpose, experimental mice "intruders" were exposed to the chronic subordinate colony (CSC) housing for 19 consecutive days in the presence of an aggressive "resident" mouse...
April 5, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388975/psychosocial-work-stressors-work-fatigue-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-comparison-between-emergency-and-critical-care-nurses-in-brunei-public-hospitals
#6
Hanif Abdul Rahman, Khadizah Abdul-Mumin, Lin Naing
PURPOSE: Little evidence estimated the exposure of psychosocial work stressors, work-related fatigue, and musculoskeletal disorders for nurses working in South-East Asian region, and research on this subject is almost nonexistent in Brunei. The main aim of our study was to provide a comprehensive exploration and estimate exposure of the study variables amongst emergency (ER) and critical care (CC) nurses in Brunei. The study also aims to compare whether experiences of ER nurses differ from those of CC nurses...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376513/the-role-of-environmental-stress-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#7
Melissa T Sanford, Larissa V Rodriguez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) have been associated with comorbid conditions such as anxiety and depression. In addition, stress appears to influence the development or exacerbation of LUTS. This article seeks to review literature regarding the role of environmental stress on LUTS, focusing on findings presented in the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: Numerous authors have published on the impact early childhood experiences, acute and chronic stress, and psychiatric illness play in the development of LUTS...
May 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373688/microglial-recruitment-of-il-1%C3%AE-producing-monocytes-to-brain-endothelium-causes-stress-induced-anxiety
#8
D B McKim, M D Weber, A Niraula, C M Sawicki, X Liu, B L Jarrett, K Ramirez-Chan, Y Wang, R M Roeth, A D Sucaldito, C G Sobol, N Quan, J F Sheridan, J P Godbout
Psychosocial stress contributes to the development of anxiety and depression. Recent clinical studies have reported increased inflammatory leukocytes in circulation of individuals with stress-related psychiatric disorders. Parallel to this, our work in mice shows that social stress causes release of inflammatory monocytes into circulation. In addition, social stress caused the development of prolonged anxiety that was dependent on inflammatory monocytes in the brain. Therefore, we hypothesize that chronic stress drives the production of inflammatory monocytes that are actively recruited to the brain by microglia, and these monocytes augment neuroinflammatory signaling and prolong anxiety...
April 4, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373134/characterization-of-whole-body-pain-in-urologic-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-at-baseline-a-mapp-research-network-study
#9
H Henry Lai, Thomas Jemielita, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Catherine S Bradley, Bruce Naliboff, David A Williams, Robert W Gereau, Karl Kreder, J Quentin Clemens, Larissa V Rodriguez, John N Krieger, John T Farrar, Nancy Robinson, J Richard Landis
PURPOSE: We characterized the location and spatial distribution of whole body pain among patients with urologic chronic pelvic pain syndrome (UCPPS) using a body map; and compared the severity of urinary symptoms, pelvic pain, non-pelvic pain, and psychosocial health among patients with different pain patterns. METHODS: 233 women and 191 men with UCPPS enrolled in a multi-center, one-year observational study completed a battery of baseline measures, including a body map describing the location of pain during the past week...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370704/dyadic-incongruence-in-chronic-heart-failure-implications-for-patient-and-carer-psychological-health-and-self-care
#10
Jan Cameron, David R Thompson, Dion Szer, Joannah Greig, Chantal F Ski
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine whether chronic heart failure (CHF) patient-carer dyads who disagree about the division of illness management tasks (incongruent) experience poorer psychosocial health and self-care, than those who agree (congruent). BACKGROUND: Informal carers often assist patients with (CHF) in the complex management of their illness but little is known about how relationship dynamics may affect psychosocial health. DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional study was adopted with a purposeful sample of 25 CHF patient-carer dyads residing in Australia...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346762/predicting-the-pain-continuum-after-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
V Chidambaran, L Ding, D L Moore, K Spruance, E M Cudilo, V Pilipenko, M Hossain, P Sturm, S Kashikar-Zuck, L J Martin, S Sadhasivam
BACKGROUND: Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) affects half a million children annually in the United States, with dire socioeconomic consequences, including long-term disability into adulthood. The few studies of CPSP in children are limited by sample size, follow-up duration, non-homogeneity of surgical procedure and factors evaluated. METHODS: In a prospective study of 144 adolescents undergoing a single major surgery (spine fusion), we evaluated demographic, perioperative, surgical and psychosocial factors as predictors of a continuum of postsurgical pain: immediate, pain maintenance at 2-3 months (chronic pain/CP) and persistence of pain a year (persistent pain/PP) after surgery...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333778/cochlear-implant-in-severe-impaired-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#12
Ioana T Herisanu, Mark Praetorius, Margarete Mattern
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders and intelligence deficiencies are no longer contraindications for cochlear implantation regarding the revised German guidelines from May 2012. This article aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with severe psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore the database of the Cochlear Implant Center of the University Hospital of Heidelberg was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We present three patients who received a cochlear implant (CI) despite a serious psychiatric disorder...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315459/dynamic-reorganization-of-intrinsic-functional-networks-in-the-mouse-brain
#13
Joanes Grandjean, Maria Giulia Preti, Thomas A W Bolton, Michaela Buerge, Erich Seifritz, Christopher R Pryce, Dimitri Van De Ville, Markus Rudin
Functional connectivity (FC) derived from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) allows for the integrative study of neuronal processes at a macroscopic level. The majority of studies to date have assumed stationary interactions between brain regions, without considering the dynamic aspects of network organization. Only recently has the latter received increased attention, predominantly in human studies. Applying dynamic FC (dFC) analysis to mice is attractive given the relative simplicity of the mouse brain and the possibility to explore mechanisms underlying network dynamics using pharmacological, environmental or genetic interventions...
March 14, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314964/increased-intake-of-energy-dense-diet-and-negative-energy-balance-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-psychosocial-defeat
#14
Roberto Coccurello, Adele Romano, Giacomo Giacovazzo, Bianca Tempesta, Marco Fiore, Anna Maria Giudetti, Ilaria Marrocco, Fabio Altieri, Anna Moles, Silvana Gaetani
PURPOSE: Chronic exposure to stress may represent a risk factor for developing metabolic and eating disorders, mostly driven by the overconsumption of easily accessible energy-dense palatable food, although the mechanisms involved remain still unclear. In this study, we used an ethologically oriented murine model of chronic stress caused by chronic psychosocial defeat (CPD) to investigate the effects of unrestricted access to a palatable high fat diet (HFD) on food intake, body weight, energy homeostasis, and expression of different brain neuropeptides...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306624/the-association-of-work-characteristics-with-ovarian-cancer-risk-and-mortality
#15
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Elizabeth M Poole, Annika Idahl, Eva Lundin, Anil K Sood, Ichiro Kawachi, Laura D Kubzansky, Shelley S Tworoger
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer (OvCA) is a leading cause of cancer death for women. Depression and social isolation have been associated with a higher OvCA risk and poorer survival, but other forms of chronic psychosocial stress, including work-related characteristics, remain understudied. METHODS: Women from three prospective cohorts (Nurses' Health Study (NHS), n=31,754; Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII), n=74,260; Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study (NSHDS); nnested case-control study=196) completed a job questionnaire, assessing demand and control at work, social support provided by coworkers and supervisor, and job security...
March 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299791/prospective-pilot-study-of-the-mastering-each-new-direction-psychosocial-family-systems-program-for-pediatric-chronic-illness
#16
Brian Distelberg, Daniel Tapanes, Natacha D Emerson, Whitney N Brown, Deepti Vaswani, Jackie Williams-Reade, Ara M Anspikian, Susanne Montgomery
Psychosocial interventions for pediatric chronic illness (CI) have been shown to support health management. Interventions that include a family systems approach offer potentially stronger and more sustainable improvements. This study explores the biopsychosocial benefits of a novel family systems psychosocial intervention (MEND: Mastering Each New Direction). Forty-five families participated in a 21-session intensive outpatient family systems-based program for pediatric CI. Within this single arm design, families were measured on five domains of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) self-report measures; Stress, Cognitive Functioning, Mental Health, Child HRQL, Family Functioning...
March 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291302/psychosocial-group-interventions-to-improve-psychological-well-being-in-adults-living-with-hiv
#17
REVIEW
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289275/epigenetic-programming-by-stress-and-glucocorticoids-along-the-human-lifespan
#18
A S Zannas, G P Chrousos
Psychosocial stress triggers a set of behavioral, neural, hormonal, and molecular responses that can be a driving force for survival when adaptive and time-limited, but may also contribute to a host of disease states if dysregulated or chronic. The beneficial or detrimental effects of stress are largely mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, a highly conserved neurohormonal cascade that culminates in systemic secretion of glucocorticoids. Glucocorticoids activate the glucocorticoid receptor, a ubiquitous nuclear receptor that not only causes widespread changes in transcriptional programs, but also induces lasting epigenetic modifications in many target tissues...
March 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283812/behavioral-treatments-for-post-traumatic-headache
#19
REVIEW
Felicia Fraser, Yuka Matsuzawa, Yuen Shan Christine Lee, Mia Minen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a common headache type after traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are no FDA approved medications for PTH, and it is unknown how medications can affect the brain's ability to recover from TBI. Thus, we sought to examine the biopsychosocial factors that influence PTH and the non-pharmacologic treatments studied for headache treatment. We also sought to determine if there is literature examining whether the non-pharmacologic treatments influence the biopsychosocial factors...
May 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277702/pathway-from-ptsd-to-respiratory-health-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-psychosocial-intervention
#20
Monika A Waszczuk, Xiaotong Li, Evelyn J Bromet, Adam Gonzalez, Michael J Zvolensky, Camilo Ruggero, Benjamin J Luft, Roman Kotov
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory illness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common debilitating conditions that frequently co-occur. Observational studies indicate that PTSD, independently of smoking, is a major risk and maintenance factor for lower respiratory symptoms (LRS). The current study experimentally tested this etiologic pathway by investigating whether LRS can be reduced by treating PTSD symptoms. METHOD: Ninety daily smokers exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster (mean age 50 years, 28% female; 68% White) completed 8-session group-based weekly comprehensive trauma management and smoking cessation treatment that focused on skills to alleviate PTSD symptoms...
May 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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