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Chronic psychosocial stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229112/chronic-psychosocial-stressors-in-adulthood-studies-in-mice-rats-and-tree-shrews
#1
REVIEW
Christopher R Pryce, Eberhard Fuchs
Human psychological stress is the major environmental risk factor for major depression and certain of the anxiety disorders. Psychological stressors often occur in the context of the adult social environment, and they or the memory formed of them impact on the individual across an extended period, thereby constituting chronic psychosocial stress (CPS). Psychosocial stressors often involve loss to the individual, such as the ending of a social relationship or the onset of interpersonal conflict leading to loss of social control and predictability...
February 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219813/an-adverse-early-life-environment-can-enhance-stress-resilience-in-adulthood
#2
Sara Santarelli, Christoph Zimmermann, Georgia Kalideris, Sylvie L Lesuis, Janine Arloth, Andrés Uribe, Carine Dournes, Georgia Balsevich, Jakob Hartmann, Mercè Masana, Elisabeth B Binder, Dietmar Spengler, Mathias V Schmidt
Chronic stress is a major risk factor for depression. Interestingly, not all individuals develop psychopathology after chronic stress exposure. In contrast to the prevailing view that stress effects are cumulative and increase stress vulnerability throughout life, the match/mismatch hypothesis of psychiatric disorders. The match/mismatch hypothesis proposes that individuals who experience moderate levels of early life psychosocial stress can acquire resilience to renewed stress exposure later in life. Here, we have tested this hypothesis by comparing the developmental effects of 2 opposite early life conditions, when followed by 2 opposite adult environments...
February 7, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216719/diagnosis-and-management-of-chronic-pruritus-an-expert-consensus-review
#3
REVIEW
Murlidhar Rajagopalan, Abir Saraswat, Kiran Godse, D S Krupa Shankar, Sanjiv Kandhari, Shrutakirthi D Shenoi, Sushil Tahiliani, V Vijay Zawar
The aim of this study is to formulate the best clinical practice in the diagnosis and management of chronic pruritus (CP). We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and the WHO's regional databases, for studies on "Diagnosis and management of chronic pruritus" from January 1, 2014, to July 31, 2015. We included programmatic reports and hand-searched references of published reviews and articles. Two independent reviewers screened articles and extracted data. We screened 87 of 95 studies that contained qualitative data...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185874/psychosocial-stress-on-neuroinflammation-and-cognitive-dysfunctions-in-alzheimer-s-disease-the-emerging-role-for-microglia
#4
REVIEW
Sami Piirainen, Andrew Youssef, Cai Song, Allan V Kalueff, Gary E Landreth, Tarja Malm, Li Tian
Chronic psychosocial stress is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) and associated cognitive deficits. Chronic stress also primes microglia and induces inflammatory responses in the adult brain, thereby compromising synapse-supportive roles of microglia and deteriorating cognitive functions during aging. Substantial evidence demonstrates that failure of microglia to clear abnormally accumulating amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptide contributes to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in AD...
February 6, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175998/-neglect-like-symptoms-after-operations-on-the-upper-extremities
#5
K Welsch, P Bialas, V Köllner, T Volk
BACKGROUND: Neglect-like symptoms (NLS) describe the experience of perceiving a limb as foreign and could be detected in chronic pain disorders as well as after knee joint replacement. The aim of the present study was to find out whether patients with and without NLS after surgery of the upper extremities differ with respect to pain intensity and psychosocial variables and if NLS are associated with chronic postoperative pain (CPSP). METHODS: In this study 241 patients were interviewed using a validated questionnaire preoperatively as well as 1 day, 4 weeks, 3 months and 6 months postoperatively...
February 7, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170426/chronic-social-stress-in-pigs-impairs-intestinal-barrier-and-nutrient-transporter-function-and-alters-neuro-immune-mediator-and-receptor-expression
#6
Yihang Li, Zehe Song, Katelyn A Kerr, Adam J Moeser
Psychosocial stress is a major factor driving gastrointestinal (GI) pathophysiology and disease susceptibility in humans and animals. The mechanisms governing susceptibility to stress-induced GI disease remain poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the influence of chronic social stress (CSS) in pigs, induced by 7 d of chronic mixing/crowding stress, on intestinal barrier and nutrient transport function, corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) signaling and immunological responses. Results from this study showed that CSS resulted in a significant impairment of ileal and colonic barrier function indicated by reduced transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) in the ileum and increased FD4 flux in the ileum (by 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157442/a-nationally-scaled-telebehavioral-health-program-for-chronic-pain-characteristics-goals-and-psychological-outcomes
#7
Heidi Mochari-Greenberger, Aimee Peters, Lee Vue, Reena L Pande
BACKGROUND: Millions of U.S. adults suffer from chronic pain with a high prevalence of comorbid mental health issues. Telehealth-delivered behavioral therapy for chronic pain has been evaluated in the research setting. The purpose of this study was 1) to describe a nationally scaled, standardized, telebehavioral therapy program for patients with chronic pain and behavioral comorbidities, and 2) evaluate characteristics, goals, and psychosocial outcomes among program participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was mixed-methods retrospective cohort analysis among consecutive program graduates (mean age 53y; 24% male)...
February 3, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139727/cortisol-awakening-response-and-acute-stress-reactivity-in-first-nations-people
#8
Maximus Berger, Anthony Leicht, Angela Slatcher, Ann Katrin Kraeuter, Sarangan Ketheesan, Sarah Larkins, Zoltán Sarnyai
First Nations people globally have a higher incidence of mental disorders and non-communicable diseases. These health inequalities are partially attributed to a complex network of social and environmental factors which likely converge on chronic psychosocial stress. We hypothesized that alterations in stress processing and the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis might underlie health disparities in First Nations people. We assessed the cortisol awakening response and the dynamic response to a laboratory induced psychosocial stress of young Indigenous tertiary students (n = 11, mean age 23...
January 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135659/new-insights-into-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Joanna Oświęcimska, Agnieszka Szymlak, Wojciech Roczniak, Katarzyna Girczys-Połedniok, Jarosław Kwiecień
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID), characterized by abdominal pain and a change in stool form that cannot be explained by structural abnormalities. Its prevalence ranges from 9 to 23% of the worldwide population. The pathophysiology of IBS is diverse and not well understood. Biopsychosocial concept assumes that the disease is a product of psychosocial factors and altered at multiple levels of gut physiology interactions. Some aetiological factors have been identified, yet...
January 27, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130207/stress-resilience-and-the-risk-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-cohort-study-of-men-living-in-sweden
#10
Carren Melinder, Ayako Hiyoshi, Katja Fall, Jonas Halfvarson, Scott Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: To determine if low psychosocial stress resilience in adolescence (increasing chronic stress arousal throughout life) is associated with an increased inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) risk in adulthood. Subclinical Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) can exist over many years and we hypothesise that psychosocial stress may result in conversion to symptomatic disease through its proinflammatory or barrier function effects. DESIGN: National register-based cohort study of men followed from late adolescence to middle age...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128787/an-invisible-student-population-accommodating-and-serving-college-students-with-lupus
#11
Neelam Agarwal, Vinod Kumar
BACKGROUND: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), or lupus, is a chronic autoimmune disorder. Individuals with lupus face unique psychosocial and emotional challenges such as living with the unpredictability of the disease, symptoms such as fatigue, pain and depression, anxiety, cognitive problems, and coping with stress. OBJECTIVE: This article attempts to shed light on the role that lupus plays in the lives of college students in their academics and other unique psychosocial needs...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124682/psychosocial-correlates-of-apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#12
A J Shallcross, M Butler, R M Tanner, A Bress, P Muntner, D Shimbo, G Ogedegbe, M Sims, T M Spruill
Apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH) is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. aTRH is common and disproportionately affects African Americans. The objective of this study is to explore psychosocial correlates of aTRH in a population-based cohort of African Americans with hypertension. The sample included 1392 participants in the Jackson Heart Study with treated hypertension who reported being adherent to their antihypertensive medications. aTRH was defined as uncontrolled clinic BP (⩾140/90 mm Hg) with ⩾3 classes of antihypertensive medication or treatment with ⩾4 classes of antihypertensive medication, including a diuretic...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118257/provoked-vestibulodynia-a-comparative-examination-of-mental-health-sleep-sexual-functioning-and-relationship-adjustment
#13
Emma Dargie, Ian Gilron, Caroline Pukall
OBJECTIVES: Provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) is an idiopathic vulvar pain condition characterized by burning pain at the vaginal opening in response to contact or pressure. Previous research has established some of the psychosocial difficulties experienced by these patients, but direct comparisons with other pain conditions are needed. The purpose of this study was to compare women with PVD to those with post-herpetic neuralgia and pain-free control participants. METHODS: Participants were invited to complete an anonymous online survey consisting of sociodemographic questions and a range of validated measures...
January 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115172/protective-effects-of-gabapentin-against-the-seizure-susceptibility-and-comorbid-behavioral-abnormalities-in-the-early-socially-isolated-mice
#14
Shayan Amiri, Arya Haj-Mirzaian, Hossein Amini-Khoei, Ali Razmi, Armin Shirzadian, Maryam Rahimi-Balaei, Carl O Olson, Arman Mohsenzadeh, Mojgan Rastegar, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast, Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari
Adolescence is a pivotal period of brain development during lifespan, which is sensitive to stress exposure. Early social isolation stress (SIS) is known to provoke a variety of psychiatric comorbidities as well as seizure risk. Psychiatric comorbidities present challenging dilemmas for treatment and management in people with seizure disorders. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether gabapentin (GBP) as an anti-epileptic drug is able to alleviate the seizure activity as well as comorbid behavioral abnormalities in socially isolated mice...
January 21, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111420/a-follow-up-study-of-the-association-between-mobile-phone-use-and-symptoms-of-ill-health
#15
Yong Min Cho, Hee Jin Lim, Hoon Jang, Kyunghee Kim, Jae Wook Choi, Chol Shin, Seung Ku Lee, Jong Hwa Kwon, Nam Kim
The duration and frequency of mobile phone calls, and their relationship with various health effects, have been investigated in our previous cross-sectional study. This 2-year period follow-up study aimed to assess the changes in these variables of same subjects. The study population comprised 532 non-patient adult subjects sampled from the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study. The subjects underwent a medical examination at a hospital in 2012/2013 and revisited the same hospital in 2014/2015 to have the same examination for the characteristics of mobile phone use performed...
2016: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110640/effect-of-a-group-intervention-for-children-and-their-parents-who-have-cancer
#16
Mariko Kobayashi, Sue P Heiney, Kaori Osawa, Miwa Ozawa, Eisuke Matsushima
OBJECTIVE: Although support programs for children whose parents have cancer have been described and evaluated, formal research has not been conducted to document outcomes. We adapted a group intervention called CLIMB®, originally developed in the United States, and implemented it in Tokyo, Japan, for school-aged children and their parents with cancer. The purpose of this exploratory pilot study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of the Japanese version of the CLIMB® Program on children's stress and parents' quality of life and psychosocial distress...
January 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107891/telephone-administered-versus-live-group-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-for-adults-with-cfs
#17
Daniel L Hall, Emily G Lattie, Sara F Milrad, Sara Czaja, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Dolores Perdomo, Michael H Antoni
OBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) symptoms have been shown to be exacerbated by stress and ameliorated by group-based psychosocial interventions such as cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM). Still, patients may have difficulty attending face-to-face groups. This study compared the effects of a telephone-delivered (T-CBSM) vs a live (L-CBSM) group on perceived stress and symptomology in adults with CFS. METHODS: Intervention data from 100 patients with CFS (mean age 50years; 90% female) participating in T-CBSM (N=56) or L-CBSM (N=44) in previously conducted randomized clinical trials were obtained...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106669/translational-studies-identify-long-term-impact-of-prior-neonatal-pain-experience
#18
Suellen M Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090039/interaction-between-the-rgs6-gene-and-psychosocial-stress-on-obesity-related-traits
#19
Hyun-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min, Kyoung-Bok Min
Obesity is a major risk factor for chronic diseases and arises from the interactions between environmental factors and multiple genes. Psychosocial stress may affect the risk for obesity, modifying food intake and choice. A recent study suggested regulator of G-protein signaling 6 (RGS6) as a novel candidate gene for obesity in terms of reward-related feeding under stress. In this study, we tried to verify the unidentified connection between RGS6 and human obesity with psychosocial stress in a Korean population...
January 13, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068485/obesity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-burden-drivers-and-emerging-challenges
#20
Nicole D Ford, Shivani A Patel, K M Venkat Narayan
We have reviewed the distinctive features of excess weight, its causes, and related prevention and management efforts, as well as data gaps and recommendations for future research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Obesity is rising in every region of the world, and no country has been successful at reversing the epidemic once it has begun. In LMICs, overweight is higher in women compared with men, in urban compared with rural settings, and in older compared with younger individuals; however, the urban-rural overweight differential is shrinking in many countries...
December 23, 2016: Annual Review of Public Health
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