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Chronic psychosocial stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785706/goal-striving-stress-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-among-participants-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#1
Loretta R Cain, LáShauntá Glover, Bessie Young, Mario Sims
OBJECTIVE: Research that assesses the relationship between psychosocial factors and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among African Americans (AAs) is limited. Using the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) cohort data, we investigated the association of goal-striving stress (GSS)-the stress experienced from not reaching goals-with prevalent CKD among AAs. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analysis of JHS exam 1 data that assessed the relationship between GSS and CKD. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We utilized a sample from the JHS (n = 4967), an AA sample of women and men, 35-84 years old from the Jackson, MS metro area...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#2
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745621/chronic-non-cancer-pain-in-children-we-have-a-problem-but-also-solutions
#3
Eduardo Vega, Yves Beaulieu, Rachel Gauvin, Catherine Ferland, Stephanie Stabile, Rebecca Pitt, Victor H Gonzalez Cardenas, Pablo Ingelmo
Chronic non-cancer pain in children and adolescents has been described as "a modern public health disaster" that has generated significant medical and economic burdens within society. Seen as a disease in its own right, chronic pain has short and long-term consequences that impact not only the patient´s health but also that of friends and families, due to significant parenting stress and disruptions in family life and structure. The evidence supporting pharmacological treatments and interventional procedures is limited, and no single strategy has been shown to be completely effective in children with chronic non-cancer pain...
May 9, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745275/animal-models-of-social-stress-the-dark-side-of-social-interactions
#4
Marianela Masis-Calvo, Anna K Schmidtner, Vinícius E de Moura Oliveira, Cindy P Grossmann, Trynke R de Jong, Inga D Neumann
Social stress occurs in all social species, including humans, and shape both mental health and future interactions with conspecifics. Animal models of social stress are used to unravel the precise role of the main stress system - the HPA axis - on the one hand, and the social behavior network on the other, as these are intricately interwoven. The present review aims to summarize the insights gained from three highly useful and clinically relevant animal models of psychosocial stress: the resident-intruder (RI) test, the chronic subordinate colony housing (CSC), and the social fear conditioning (SFC)...
May 10, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740746/psychosocial-and-demographic-predictors-of-postpartum-physical-activity
#5
Christine M Guardino, Calvin J Hobel, Madeleine U Shalowitz, Sharon L Ramey, Christine Dunkel Schetter
Physical activity promotes better health outcomes across the lifespan, and provides physical and mental health benefits for women who have recently given birth. However, research has not adequately characterized physical activity levels or risk factors for inadequate physical activity during the postpartum period. The objective of the present study was to describe levels and correlates of physical activity at 6 months postpartum in mothers of diverse race/ethnicity (55% African American, 23% White, 22% Hispanic/Latina), with the majority living in or near poverty...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709774/allostatic-load-a-theoretical-model-for-understanding-the-relationship-between-maternal-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-adverse-birth-outcomes
#6
Li Yang, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg, Julia S Seng
BACKGROUND: Adverse birth outcomes such as preterm birth and low birth weight are significant public health concerns and contribute to neonatal morbidity and mortality. Studies have increasingly been exploring the predictive effects of maternal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on adverse birth outcomes. However, the biological mechanisms by which maternal PTSD affects birth outcomes are not well understood. Allostatic load refers to the cumulative dysregulations of the multiple physiological systems as a response to multiple social-ecological levels of chronic stress...
April 10, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708389/stress-related-eating-mindfulness-and-obesity
#7
Elizabeth W Cotter, Nichole R Kelly
OBJECTIVE: This study explored how experiences of stress in adulthood, including the occurrence of stressful life events and psychosocial strains in various life domains, might be related to stress-related eating and indicators of obesity, including body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. METHOD: Cross-sectional data were examined from 3,708 adults in the Midlife in the U.S. study (MIDUS II). RESULTS: Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that experiences of stress were associated with higher BMI and waist circumference, even after controlling for age, annual household income, education level, race, and sex, although the additional variance accounted for was small...
April 30, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696227/long-title-protocol-for-evaluating-a-consultation-for-suffering-at-work-in-french-speaking-switzerland
#8
Sophie Bontemps, Catherine Barlet-Ghaleb, Zakia Mediouni, Christine Besse, Charles Bonsack, Pascal Wild, Brigitta Danuser
Introduction: Psychosocial suffering entails human, social and economic costs. In Switzerland, 34.4% of workers report chronic work-related stress. Our medical Consultation for Suffering at Work aims to preserve-or restore-the patient's capacity to act and make decisions after a diagnosis of work-related psychological suffering; it also aims to help employees get back to or remain at work. Our hypothesis is that the dynamic of the consultation itself and adherence to its medical advice are active factors of these results...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694918/psychosocial-stress-delays-recovery-of-postoperative-pain-following-incisional-surgery-in-the-rat
#9
Vipin Arora, Thomas J Martin, Carol A Aschenbrenner, Kenichiro Hayashida, Susy A Kim, Renee A Parker, James C Eisenach, Christopher M Peters
Psychosocial factors such as anxiety, depression and catastrophizing, commonly associated with established chronic pain, also may be associated with an increased risk of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) when present preoperatively. We used a repeat social defeat (RSD) paradigm to induce psychosocial stress in rodents prior to incisional surgery of the paw. Mixed effects growth curve models were utilized to examine resolution of mechanical hypersensitivity in rats for four weeks following surgery. Eight days following surgery, immunohistochemistry was conducted to examine glial activation as well as evoked neuronal activation in the spinal cord...
April 22, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694295/psychological-functioning-of-women-taking-illicit-drugs-during-pregnancy-and-the-growth-and-development-of-their-offspring-in-early-childhood
#10
Dana Serino, Bradley S Peterson, Tove S Rosen
OBJECTIVE: Assess psychosocial history and psychological functioning in women who use drugs during pregnancy and determine how drug exposure affects child development. METHODS: Pregnant marijuana (n = 38), cocaine (n = 35), methadone-maintained (n = 24), and control (n = 49) group women were enrolled and followed every 6 months through 18-24 months postnatally. RESULTS: There was a significantly higher incidence of mental illness in mothers in the drug groups...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688639/-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-clinical-activity-in-israel
#11
Yuval Bloch
This editorial relates to the study published in the current issue on how our current knowledge is practiced in screening, diagnosing and treating children suffering from ADHD in Israel. It seems that there is an awareness of the disorder by parents and teachers, thus there is no need for community screening. The roles of the different medical professions: pediatricians (after receiving training on ADHD), child neurologists and child psychiatrists are not clear enough and thus services are not utilized properly...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687293/psychosocial-stress-exposure-disrupts-mammary-gland-development
#12
Marianna B Johnson, Joscelyn N Hoffmann, Hannah M You, Ricardo R Lastra, Sully Fernandez, Jordan W Strober, Ahmad B Allaw, Matthew J Brady, Suzanne D Conzen, Martha K McClintock
Exposure to psychosocial stressors and ensuing stress physiology have been associated with spontaneous invasive mammary tumors in the Sprague-Dawley rat model of human breast cancer. Mammary gland (MG) development is a time when physiologic and environmental exposures influence breast cancer risk. However, the effect of psychosocial stress exposure on MG development remains unknown. Here, in the first comprehensive longitudinal study of MG development in nulliparous female rats (from puberty through young adulthood; 8-25 wks of age), we quantify the spatial gradient of differentiation within the MG of socially stressed (isolated) and control (grouped) rats...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677398/does-stress-increase-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-15-year-prospective-study
#13
Phyllis Butow, Melanie Price, Joseph Coll, Katherine Tucker, Bettina Meiser, Roger Milne, Judith Wilson, Louise Heiniger, Brandi Baylock, Tracey Bullen, Prue Weideman, Kelly-Anne Phillips
OBJECTIVE: The possible impact of stress on cancer incidence remains controversial. We prospectively evaluated associations between life event stressors, social support, personality characteristics (optimism, anger control, anti-emotionality) and risk of developing primary breast cancer (BCa), in women at increased familial risk of BCa. METHODS: A prospective cohort, repeated measures design was employed. Recruitment was through the Kathleen Cuningham Foundation Consortium for Research into Familial breast cancer (kConFab), which collects genetic, epidemiological and clinical data from Australasian families with multiple BCa cases...
April 20, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667698/chronic-stress-social-isolation-and-perceived-loneliness-in-dementia-caregivers
#14
Mariya Kovaleva, Sydney Spangler, Carolyn Clevenger, Kenneth Hepburn
Caregivers of individuals with dementia are at risk for chronic stress and social isolation. These exogenous factors may lead to perceived stress and perceived loneliness-psychosocial endogenous (subjective) elements of caregiving experience. Chronic stress and perceived loneliness may disrupt neuroendocrine and neuroimmunological regulation, creating low-grade systemic inflammation, promoting proinflammatory gene expression, and expediting cellular aging (endogenous physiological factors). These disturbances may enhance caregivers' risk for chronic conditions of inflammatory pathogenesis...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617633/reducing-racial-ethnic-tobacco-cessation-disparities-via-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-design-of-a-dualsite-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Monica Webb Hooper, David J Lee, Vani N Simmons, Karen O Brandon, Michael H Antoni, Marina Unrod, Taghrid Asfar, John B Correa, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Thomas H Brandon
Racial/ethnic disparities in tobacco cessation are such that U.S. minorities have greater difficulty quitting compared to White non-Hispanics. Group differences in distress (i.e., perceived stress and depressive symptoms) may contribute to cessation disparities. The allostasis model of health suggests that the toll of chronic stress experienced by racial/ethnic minorities may lead to dysregulation of the physiological stress system and drug use. Previous research suggests that group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for tobacco cessation addresses distress as a modifiable mechanism and has the potential to reduce/eliminate disparities...
April 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616206/parental-factors-influencing-the-development-of-early-childhood-caries-in-developing-nations-a-systematic-review
#16
Nayanjot Kaur Rai, Tamanna Tiwari
Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is one of the most prevalent and chronic conditions of childhood. Various factors including biological and dietary factors along with an overlay of parental social factors have been found to be associated with the progression of ECC. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize available literature and to identify parent-level proximal and distal risk factors associated with the development of ECC in developing nations. Methods: Studies conducted in developing nations, published between 2005 and 2017 in English, that included children younger than 6 years and examined ECC were included...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596686/hypertrophic-scar-severity-at-autograft-sites-is-associated-with-increased-pain-and-itch-after-major-thermal-burn-injury
#17
Matthew C Mauck, Jeffrey W Shupp, Felicia Williams, Marie Ashley Villard, Samuel W Jones, James Hwang, Jennifer Smith, Rachel Karlnoski, David J Smith, Bruce A Cairns, Samuel A McLean
Approximately three quarters of major thermal burn injury (MThBI) survivors suffer from hypertrophic scarring (HTS) and over half experience chronic pain or itch. In survivors of MThBI, HTS and chronic pain or itch are considered one of the greatest unmet challenges of postburn injury care and psychosocial reintegration. Although scarring, itch, and pain have been clinically associated, there are no prospective, multisite studies examining tissue autograft site pain or itch and scar outcomes. The authors collected a representative cohort (n = 56) of MThBI survivors who received autografting within 14 days of injury and evaluated graft-site pain or itch severity (0-10 Numeric Rating Scale) and HTS using a validated scar photograph assessment scale 6 months following MThBI...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567621/diet-matters-glucocorticoid-related-neuroadaptations-associated-with-calorie-intake-in-female-rhesus-monkeys
#18
Jodi R Godfrey, Maylen Perez Diaz, Melanie Pincus, Zsofia Kovacs-Balint, Eric Feczko, Eric Earl, Oscar Miranda-Dominguez, Damien Fair, Mar M Sanchez, Mark E Wilson, Vasiliki Michopoulos
Exposure to psychosocial stressors increases consumption of palatable, calorically dense diets (CDD) and the risk for obesity, especially in females. While consumption of an obesogenic diet and chronic stress have both been shown to decrease dopamine 2 receptor (D2R) binding and alter functional connectivity (FC) within the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), it remains uncertain how social experience and dietary environment interact to affect reward pathways critical for the regulation of motivated behavior...
March 14, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563832/the-role-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-on-chronic-pain-outcomes-in-chronic-pain-patients-referred-to-rehabilitation
#19
Sophie Lykkegaard Ravn, Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Thomas Cardel, Tonny Elmose Andersen
Objectives: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are highly prevalent in chronic pain patients and may affect pain symptomatology negatively, but there is still a great need to explore exactly how this occurs. Therefore, this study investigated differences in pain intensity, pain-related disability, and psychological distress between chronic pain patients not exposed to a trauma, patients exposed to a trauma with no PTSS, and patients exposed to a trauma with PTSS. Moreover, the moderating effects of PTSS on the associations between pain intensity and pain-related disability and psychological distress were investigated...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549825/psychiatric-symptoms-experienced-by-adolescents-in-nepal-following-the-2015-earthquakes
#20
Sanju Silwal, Ragnhild Dybdahl, Roshan Chudal, Andre Sourander, Lars Lien
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Nepal was hit by two major earthquakes, which caused 8900 deaths and displaced more than 450,000 people. We assessed the prevalence of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depressive symptoms and explored potential risk factors among adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 893 students aged 11-17 in school grades 7-10. They lived in two districts affected by the earthquakes: Sindhupalchok and Kathmandu. Psychiatric symptoms were assessed using Child PTSD symptom scale and Depression Self-Rating Scale...
July 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
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