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Chronic psychological stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165173/health-and-well-being-benefits-of-spending-time-in-forests-systematic-review
#1
Byeongsang Oh, Kyung Ju Lee, Chris Zaslawski, Albert Yeung, David Rosenthal, Linda Larkey, Michael Back
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported that spending time in nature is associated with the improvement of various health outcomes and well-being. This review evaluated the physical and psychological benefits of a specific type of exposure to nature, forest therapy. METHOD: A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, and ProQuest databases and manual searches from inception up to December 2016. Key words: "Forest" or "Shinrin -Yoku" or "Forest bath" AND "Health" or "Wellbeing"...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163147/chronic-psychological-stress-was-not-ameliorated-by-omega-3-eicosapentaenoic-acid-epa
#2
Joanne Bradbury, Stephen P Myers, Barbara Meyer, Lyndon Brooks, Jonathan Peake, Andrew J Sinclair, Con Stough
Background: Chronic psychological stress and mental health disorders are endemic in Western culture where population dietary insufficiencies of omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FA) from seafood have been observed. Objective: This study was designed to test for a causal relationship between one of the most active components of fish oil, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and chronic psychological stress. Method: A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with parallel-assignment to two groups was designed (Trial Id: ACTRN12610000404022)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162554/sustained-administration-of-corticosterone-at-stress-like-levels-after-stroke-suppressed-glial-reactivity-at-sites-of-thalamic-secondary-neurodegeneration
#3
Katarzyna Zalewska, Giovanni Pietrogrande, Lin Kooi Ong, Mahmoud Abdolhoseini, Murielle Kluge, Sarah J Johnson, Frederick R Walker, Michael Nilsson
Secondary neurodegeneration (SND) is an insidious and progressive condition involving the death of neurons in regions of the brain that were connected to but undamaged by the initial stroke. Our group have published compelling evidence that exposure to psychological stress can significantly exacerbate the severity SND, a finding that has considerable clinical implications given that stroke-survivors often report experiencing high and unremitting levels of psychological stress. It may be possible to use one or more targeted pharmacological approaches to limit the negative effects of stress on the recovery process but in order to move forward with this approach the most critical stress signals have to be identified...
November 18, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162432/renal-damage-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-metsx-disorders-implicated
#4
REVIEW
Trujillo Joyce, Chirino Yolanda Irasema, Martínez-Tagüeña Natalia, Pedraza-Chaverri Jose
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide and has become a risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease. The complex linkage between metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease is under research and the factors involved beyond the biological pathogenesis include demographic, sociological and psychological factors that are related to the metabolic syndrome prevalence. The social context of disease causation is as relevant to today's clinical scientist and practitioner as biomarker-directed risk stratification and therapy...
November 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153315/what-are-the-keys-to-a-longer-happier-life-answers-from-five-decades-of-health-psychology-research
#5
Blair T Johnson, Rebecca L Acabchuk
RATIONALE: It has long been known that factors of the mind and of interpersonal relationships influence health, but it is only in the last 50 years that an independent scientific field of health psychology appeared, dedicated to understanding psychological and behavioral processes in health, illness, and healthcare. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: This article (a) reviews important research that answers the question of how human beings can have longer, happier lives; and (b) highlights trends in health psychology featuring articles in Social Science & Medicine as well as other related literature...
November 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152814/depression-young-age-chronic-marijuana-use-and-interepisodic-symptoms-predict-psychological-distress-in-patients-with-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome
#6
Tatyana Taranukha, Vishnu Charan Suresh Kumar, Alex Seamon, Natasha Sahr, Aniko Szabo, Thangam Venkatesan
BACKGROUND: Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is often triggered by stress. Patients report high degrees of psychological distress due to CVS, but there is limited data on factors associated with psychological distress. We sought to determine the degree of psychological distress and its correlation with clinical characteristics in CVS. METHODS: The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), a validated tool to determine psychological distress, was administered prospectively to patients...
November 20, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145439/impact-of-chronic-and-acute-academic-stress-on-lymphocyte-subsets-and-monocyte-function
#7
Viktoriya Maydych, Maren Claus, Nicole Dychus, Melanie Ebel, Jürgen Damaschke, Stefan Diestel, Oliver T Wolf, Thomas Kleinsorge, Carsten Watzl
This study investigated the effects of a temporally confined naturalistic stressor (academic stress) on immune functions. Furthermore, moderating influences of a number of psychological variables were assessed. Five blood samples were obtained from 20 students during an observation period of 8 weeks, starting 4.5 weeks before an exam period up to 1 week following the last exam. The analysis of 45 immune parameters revealed several time-dependent changes attributable to examination stress. We observed a reduction in the absolute numbers of natural killer (NK) cells and monocytes in peripheral blood and a shift towards more immature and naïve cells within NK and T cell populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129330/surgical-procedures-and-pediatric-medical-traumatic-stress-pmts-syndrome-assessment-and-future-directions
#8
Amichai Ben Ari, Tuvia Peri, Daniella Margalit, Esti Galili-Weisstub, Raphael Udassin, Fortu Benarroch
INTRODUCTION: Surgical procedures involve traumatic stress. Children may develop chronic psychological distress and dysfunction after surgery, with consequent reluctance to comply with medical follow-up care. A literature review of this topic shows that it has been understudied. Our study aims to assess the frequency and characteristics of symptoms of persistent psychological distress in children following surgery, which have not been documented before, in order to promote its awareness and its early identification...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106663/stress-is-associated-with-poor-outcome-of-acute-treatment-for-chronic-migraine-a-multicenter-study
#9
Myoung-Jin Cha, Byung-Kun Kim, Heui-Soo Moon, Jin-Young Ahn, Kyungmi Oh, Jee Young Kim, Byung-Su Kim, Jong-Hee Sohn, Jae-Myun Chung, Tae-Jin Song, Jiyoung Kim, Jong-Geun Seo, Min Kyung Chu, Soo-Jin Cho
Background: Chronic migraine (CM) is associated with severe psychological symptoms and disabilities. Information on the relationship between stress and the outcomes of acute CM treatment is limited. Methods: We evaluated the clinical presentation and stress levels of patients with CM who visited the neurology departments of 14 hospitals between September and December 2015. The patients were divided into stress and reference groups on the basis of the Korean version of the Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument (BEPSI-K)...
November 2, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100499/the-role-of-psychosocial-stress-in-the-development-of-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Valentina Buscemi, Wei-Ju Chang, Matthew B Liston, James H McAuley, Siobhan Schabrun
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors play an important role in chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders. Although psychosocial stress is likely to contribute to the development of chronic musculoskeletal pain, investigations are limited to work-related stress or examination of specific conditions such as upper limb pain. The purpose of this review is to assess the evidence for an aetiological role of psychological stress in chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis will be conducted...
November 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091039/psychosocial-aspects-in-patients-with-chronic-leg-ulcers
#11
Eftychia Platsidaki, Anargyros Kouris, Christos Christodoulou
Chronic leg ulcers persist for > 6 weeks and show no tendency to heal after 3 or more months. They can be distressing to patients, both directly through physical symptoms caused by the disease and indirectly through limitations on work capacity, social activity, and personal hygiene. The quality of life (QoL) of patients with leg ulcers can be impaired by a complex set of aspects. Restrictions in their ability to perform paid employment, handle household duties, and engage in personal hygiene adversely affect patients' QoL...
October 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084098/psychological-predictors-of-postconcussive-symptoms-following-traumatic-injury
#12
Karen A Sullivan, Shannon L Edmed, Jaimi H Greenslade, Melanie White, Kevin Chu, Bill Lukin, Rael T Lange, Janine K Lurie
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of demographics, injury type, pain, and psychological factors on postconcussive symptoms. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Recently injured (n = 54) and noninjured (n = 184) adults were recruited from a hospital emergency department or the community. Thirty-eight individuals met the diagnostic criteria for a mild traumatic brain injury and 16 individuals received treatment for a minor traumatic non-brain injury. MAIN MEASURES: Standardized tests were administered to assess 4 postconcussion symptom types and theorized predictors including a "physiogenic" variable (injury type) and "psychogenic" variables (symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress) within 1 month of the injury...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075362/psychological-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-for-asthma-exacerbations-and-morbidity-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Alyssa A Oland, Genery D Booster, Bruce G Bender
Asthma is the most common childhood illness and disproportionately affects low-income, minority children who live in urban areas. A range of risk factors are associated with asthma morbidity and mortality, such as treatment non-adherence, exposure to environmental triggers, low-income households, exposure to chronic stress, child psychological problems, parental stress, family functioning, obesity, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diets. These risk factors often have complex interactions and inter-relationships...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074884/evidence-for-stress-like-alterations-in-the-hpa-axis-in-women-taking-oral-contraceptives
#14
Johannes Hertel, Johanna König, Georg Homuth, Sandra Van der Auwera, Katharina Wittfeld, Maik Pietzner, Tim Kacprowski, Liliane Pfeiffer, Anja Kretschmer, Melanie Waldenberger, Gabi Kastenmüller, Anna Artati, Karsten Suhre, Jerzy Adamski, Sönke Langner, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich, Hans Joergen Grabe
Using oral contraceptives has been implicated in the aetiology of stress-related disorders like depression. Here, we followed the hypothesis that oral contraceptives deregulate the HPA-axis by elevating circulating cortisol levels. We report for a sample of 233 pre-menopausal women increased circulating cortisol levels in those using oral contraceptives. For women taking oral contraceptives, we observed alterations in circulating phospholipid levels and elevated triglycerides and found evidence for increased glucocorticoid signalling as the transcript levels of the glucocorticoid-regulated genes DDIT4 and FKBP5 were increased in whole blood...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073563/effect-of-chronic-stress-on-capsaicin-induced-dental-nociception-in-a-model-of-pulpitis-in-rats
#15
Maryam Raoof, Ehsan Ashrafganjoui, Razieh Kooshki, Mehdi Abbasnejad, Jahangir Haghani, Sara Amanpour, Mohammad-Reza Zarei
OBJECTIVE: Chronic stress can alter nociceptive sensitivity. However, the effect of stress exposure on dental nociception has been less addressed. Therefore, the present study investigated the effects of chronic exposures to some social and psychological stresses on pulpal nociceptive responses. DESIGN: The stress groups were constructed as follows: forced swimming (n=6), restraint (n=6), and mild (n=10) and severe (n=15) crowding stresses. Rats were subjected to stress for 1h per day for a week...
October 18, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064542/elevated-leukocyte-count-as-a-harbinger-of-systemic-inflammation-disease-progression-and-poor-prognosis-a-review
#16
Piotr Paweł Chmielewski, Bartłomiej Strzelec
Total leukocyte count increases significantly in response to infection, trauma, inflammation, and certain diseases. Factors affecting leukocyte count in healthy adults include sex, hormonal milieu, genetic inheritance, stress level, diet, nutrition, and lifestyle (e.g. tobacco-induced inflammatory changes, chronic psychological stress, etc.). To date, numerous studies have reported that high but normal leukocyte counts at baseline predict increased cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality in older adults...
October 24, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063803/evaluation-of-chronic-stress-indicators-in-geriatric-and-oncologic-caregivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Sira Aguiló, Esther García, Adriana Arza, Jorge M Garzón-Rey, Jordi Aguiló
Caregiving induces chronic stress with physical and psychological impact on informal caregivers health. Therefore, subjective and objective indicators are needed for the early diagnosis of pathologic stress to prevent the risk of developing stress-related diseases in caregivers. Our aim was to assess the self-perceived stress, that is, how and how much the stressor affects the individual, through endocrine, metabolic, and immunologic biomarkers levels in geriatric and oncologic informal caregivers. Informal caregivers and non-caregivers were invited to participate in a cross-sectional study at the Clinic Hospital of Barcelona...
October 24, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063418/health-benefits-of-fasting-and-caloric-restriction
#18
REVIEW
Saeid Golbidi, Andreas Daiber, Bato Korac, Huige Li, M Faadiel Essop, Ismail Laher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity and obesity-related diseases, largely resulting from urbanization and behavioral changes, are now of global importance. Energy restriction, though, is associated with health improvements and increased longevity. We review some important mechanisms related to calorie limitation aimed at controlling of metabolic diseases, particularly diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Calorie restriction triggers a complex series of intricate events, including activation of cellular stress response elements, improved autophagy, modification of apoptosis, and alteration in hormonal balance...
October 23, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060909/differential-effects-of-physical-and-psychological-stressors-on-electrodermal-activity
#19
A S Anusha, Jose Joy, S P Preejith, Jayaraj Joseph, Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam
Stress being labelled by WHO as "the health epidemic of 21(st) century" need to be treated as a clarion call for devising strategies that aim at its early detection, for the reason that stress is the cause as well as the catalyst for several chronic human health disorders. The work reported here in is a progression towards the development of a stress detection system based on the electrodermal activity (EDA) in humans, which can further be incorporated into a wearable vital signs monitor. The utility of EDA as a potential physiological measure for classifying physical and psychological stressors is analyzed in this paper...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058982/a-comparative-study-of-negative-life-events-and-depressive-symptoms-among-healthy-older-adults-and-older-adults-with-chronic-disease
#20
Han Zhang, Tingting Gao, Jinglei Gao, Yixi Kong, Yueyang Hu, Ruimei Wang, Songli Mei
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to study internal relations and functionary mechanism between social support, coping style, negative life events and depressive symptoms and compare these relations in healthy older adults and older adults with chronic disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015. In total, 1,264 older adults with chronic disease and 749 healthy older adults participated in this investigation which consist of socio-demographic characters, negative life events, social support, coping style and depressive symptoms...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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