keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic psychological stress

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809070/ambivalence-and-guilt-feelings-two-relevant-variables-for-understanding-caregivers-depressive-symptomatology
#1
Andrés Losada, María Márquez-González, Carlos Vara-García, Laura Gallego-Alberto, Rosa Romero-Moreno, Karl Pillemer
Providing care for a relative with dementia is considered to be a chronic stressor that has been linked to negative mental health consequences for caregivers. A theoretical model was developed and tested to assess the degree to which ambivalence and guilt feelings contribute to caregivers' depressive symptomatology. Participants included 212 dementia family caregivers. In addition to ambivalence and guilt feelings, sociodemographic characteristics, behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, and depressive symptomatology were assessed...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808696/psychological-stress-alters-extracellular-matrix-metabolism-in-mandibular-condylar-cartilage
#2
Qiang Li, Fei Huang, Jia Liu, Yin Hua Zhao, Min Zhang, Yong Jin Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of long-term stress on the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) condyle and its possible underlying mechanism. METHODS: A 12-week, chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model was used to induce long-term psychological stress in rats. Rats were randomly divided into control group (CONT), chronic unpredictable mild stress group (CUMS) and chronic unpredictable mild stress with fluoxetine treatment group (CUMS + DT) (n = 30 per group). A 5 mg/kg dose of fluoxetine was intraperitoneally injected daily 0...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807133/the-tense-the-hostile-and-the-distressed-multidimensional-psychosocial-risk-profiles-based-on-the-esc-interview-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-the-thoresci-study
#3
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jeroen K Vermunt, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
BACKGROUND: While single psychosocial factors have been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, it is still unclear how they cluster. Therefore, we examined whether latent multidimensional psychosocial risk profiles could be identified in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening interview. Additionally we examined whether these profiles were associated with specific sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial characteristics. METHOD: 681 coronary artery disease patients (age=64...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802178/cardiac-arrest-due-to-ventricular-fibrillation-in-a-23-year-old-woman-with-broken-heart-syndrome
#4
Marco Giuseppe Del Buono, Michael P O'Quinn, Paulo Garcia, Enrique Gerszten, Charlotte Roberts, F Gerald Moeller, Antonio Abbate
Broken heart syndrome, also known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is a syndrome characterized by a transient regional systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle associated to a psychological stress. We herein describe a case of a 23-year-old female habitual marijuana user who was resuscitated after cardiac arrest and then diagnosed with midventricular stress cardiomyopathy complicated by subendocardial hemorrhage. We discuss this unique pathological finding, the incidence of arrhythmias in this syndrome, and the possible relation with chronic cannabis and tobacco use...
June 30, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799972/increased-pain-sensitivity-in-accident-related-chronic-pain-patients-with-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress
#5
Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Tonny Elmose Andersen, Mathea Harvold, Per Grunwald Andersen, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent in chronic pain, and associated with increased pain, hyperalgesia and psychological distress. This study aimed to investigate anti-nociceptive and pro-nociceptive pain mechanisms, pain intensity, and psychological distress (depression, anxiety, pain catastrophizing, and fear of movement) in patients with accident-related chronic spinal pain with (N=44) and without (N=64) comorbid PTSD characteristics. METHODS: Cuff algometry was performed on lower legs to assess pressure pain threshold (cPPT), tolerance (cPTT), temporal summation of pain (TSP: increase in pain scores to ten repeated stimulations), and conditioning pain modulation (CPM: increase in cPPT during cuff pain conditioning on the contralateral leg)...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799471/pathways-between-combat-stress-and-physical-health-among-portuguese-war-veterans
#6
Paulo Correia Ferrajão
In this study, I explored the experience of both physical and psychological chronic illnesses among a sample of Portuguese war veterans. Twenty suffered from chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; unrecovered) and 20 had remission from PTSD (recovered), and all participants suffered from a chronic physician-diagnosed medical disorder. Two semistructured interviews were conducted. Analysis of the interviews was conducted using the Thematic and Categorical Analysis. Unrecovered participants reported higher moral injury, discrepancy between pre- and postwar identity, medication side effects, and lower repertoire of coping strategies, and verbalized that treatment care plan triggers posttraumatic symptoms...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792095/the-role-of-c-fibers-in-the-development-of-chronic-psychological-stress-induced-enhanced-bladder-sensations-and-nociceptive-responses-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-study-of-urologic-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-mapp-research-network-study
#7
Yunliang Gao, Rong Zhang, Huiyi H Chang, Larissa V Rodríguez
AIMS: To evaluate C fiber-mediated changes in bladder sensation and nociception in an animal model of stress induced bladder hyperalgesia and urinary frequency. METHODS: Female Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were exposed to a chronic (10 days) water avoidance stress (WAS) and compared to controls. Rats were evaluated by cystometrogram (CMG) and visceromotor reflex (VMR) to bladder infusion with room temperature (RT) or cold saline. Cold saline activates afferent C-fibers via cold bladder receptors...
August 9, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789869/stress-induced-eating-and-the-relaxation-response-as-a-potential-antidote-a-review-and-hypothesis
#8
REVIEW
Tasmiah Masih, James Dimmock, Elissa S Epel, Kym J Guelfi
There is an accumulating body of evidence to indicate that stress leads to the consumption of unhealthy, energy-dense, palatable food, potentially contributing to the alarming global prevalence of chronic diseases, including obesity. However, comparatively little research has been devoted to addressing how best to remedy this growing problem. We provide an overview of the influence of stress on dietary intake, and then explore the novel, yet simple, possibility that regular elicitation of the relaxation response may effectively reduce stress-induced eating via both physiological and psychological pathways...
August 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781901/enkephalins-endogenous-analgesics-with-an-emerging-role-in-stress-resilience
#9
REVIEW
Mathilde S Henry, Louis Gendron, Marie-Eve Tremblay, Guy Drolet
Psychological stress is a state of mental or emotional strain or tension that results from adverse or demanding circumstances. Chronic stress is well known to induce anxiety disorders and major depression; it is also considered a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Stress resilience is a positive outcome that is associated with preserved cognition and healthy aging. Resilience presents psychological and biological characteristics intrinsic to an individual conferring protection against the development of psychopathologies in the face of adversity...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771175/association-between-mastication-the-hippocampus-and-the-hpa-axis-a-comprehensive-review
#10
REVIEW
Kagaku Azuma, Qian Zhou, Masami Niwa, Kin-Ya Kubo
Mastication is mainly involved in food intake and nutrient digestion with the aid of teeth. Mastication is also important for preserving and promoting general health, including hippocampus-dependent cognition. Both animal and human studies indicate that mastication influences hippocampal functions through the end product of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, glucocorticoid (GC). Epidemiologic studies suggest that masticatory dysfunction in aged individuals, such as that resulting from tooth loss and periodontitis, acting as a source of chronic stress, activates the HPA axis, leading to increases in circulating GCs and eventually inducing various physical and psychological diseases, such as cognitive impairment, cardiovascular disorders, and osteoporosis...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766405/chronic-pain-as-a-human-rights-issue-setting-an-agenda-for-preventative-action
#11
Louise Frenkel, Leslie Swartz
BACKGROUND: Historically, chronic pain has been viewed primarily as a medical issue, and research has been focused on the individual and predominantly on pain sufferers in high-income countries. OBJECTIVES: This article argues the need for a broader understanding of the context of chronic pain and its complex aetiologies and maintenance. It is suggested that the interaction between chronic pain and social context has been inadequately explored. METHODS: A single case study is used of a man living in a violent urban environment in South Africa accessing a pain clinic at a tertiary hospital...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764300/effect-of-pranayama-on-ppar-%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-expressions-and-red-complex-microorganisms-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-a-clinical-trial
#12
Jaideep Mahendra, Little Mahendra, R Ananthalakshmi, Prathahini S Parthiban, Sandhya Cherukuri, Mohammed Junaid
INTRODUCTION: Sudarshankriya pranayama is the control of breathing movements to regulate the energy flow throughout the body, which has shown to positively affect immune function, autonomic nervous system and psychologic-neuro pathways. The practice of pranayama has been proven to show several benefits such as reduction in stress levels, relieves anxiety and depression, increase in antioxidant levels, reduces insulin resistance and improves respiratory function. AIM: The objective of the study was to evaluate the levels of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma (PPAR-γ), Nuclear Factor-Kappa B (NF-κB) and the presence of Red Complex Microorganisms (RCM) such as Treponema denticola, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia in the subgingivalpl aque samples of chronic periodontitis subjects before and after intervention with pranayama as an adjunct to Scaling and Root Planing (SRP)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761336/association-between-coping-mechanisms-and-adherence-to-diabetes-related-self-care-activities-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Alin Albai, Alexandra Sima, Ion Papava, Deiana Roman, Bogdan Andor, Mihai Gafencu
In the overall management of the most chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus (DM), adherence to recommended disease-related self-care activities is of paramount importance. The diagnosis and presence of a chronic disease may be considered a difficult and stressful situation in life, a situation in which coping mechanisms are psychological processes developed at a conscious level to manage these situations. This study aimed to explore the possible relationship between the dominance of one of the four major coping styles and adherence to diabetes-related self-care activities (DRSCAs) in the population of patients with type 2 DM (T2DM)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754014/through-the-patients-eyes-the-experience-of-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-concerning-the-provided-nursing-care
#14
Areti Stavropoulou, Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Michail Rovithis, Konstantina Kyriakidi, Andriani Pylarinou, Anastasia G Markaki
Chronic kidney disease is a condition that affects both the physical and mental abilities of patients. Nursing care is of pivotal importance, in particular when end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are concerned, since the quality of the provided care may severely influence the patient's quality of life. This is why it is important to explore patient experiences concerning the rendered care. However, limited up-to-date studies have addressed this issue. The aim of the present study was to stress the experiences of ESRD patients concerning the provided nursing care in the hemodialysis unit at the University Hospital in Heraklion, Crete...
July 21, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752414/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-and-relaxation-based-ehealth-interventions-for-patients-with-medical-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis
#15
Michael Mikolasek, Jonas Berg, Claudia M Witt, Jürgen Barth
PURPOSE: This systematic review aims to summarize eHealth studies with mindfulness- and relaxation-based interventions for medical conditions and to determine whether eHealth interventions have positive effects on health. METHOD: A comprehensive search of five databases was conducted for all available studies from 1990 to 2015. Studies were included if the intervention was mainly technology delivered and included a mindfulness- or relaxation-based intervention strategy and if patients with a medical condition were treated...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750215/binge-pattern-cocaine-administration-causes-long-lasting-behavioral-hyperarousal-but-does-not-enhance-vulnerability-to-single-prolonged-stress-in-rats
#16
Michael J Lisieski, Shane A Perrine
Cocaine use disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) commonly co-occur. This could be due to vulnerability to post-traumatic symptoms conferred by previous exposure to cocaine. Therefore, we combined chronic binge-pattern cocaine with a model of psychological trauma (single prolonged stress) to determine whether the behavioral effects of psychological trauma are enhanced in cocaine-sensitized individuals. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats received 14 days of cocaine (15mg/kg/injection) or saline in a binge pattern (3 injections per day, 1h apart)...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747688/spleen-contributes-to-restraint-stress-induced-changes-in-blood-leukocytes-distribution
#17
Wei Jiang, Yu Li, Jin Sun, Liang Li, Jiang-Wei Li, Chen Zhang, Chen Huang, Jun Yang, Guang-Yao Kong, Zong-Fang Li
Psychological stress has great impacts on the immune system, particularly the leukocytes distribution. Although the impacts of acute stress on blood leukocytes distribution are well studied, however, it remains unclear how chronic stress affects leukocytes distribution in peripheral circulation. Furthermore, there is no report about the role of spleen in the blood leukocytes distribution induced by stress. Here we show that spleen contributes to the alteration of restraint stress induced blood leukocytes distribution...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745464/elite-athletes-and-pubertal-delay
#18
Karina Kapczuk
Intensive physical training and participation in competitive sports during childhood and early adolescence may affect athletes' pubertal development. On the other hand, pubertal timing, early or late, may impact on an athlete selection for a particular sport. Genetic predisposition, training load, nutritional status and psychological stress determine athletes' pubertal timing. Athletes that practice esthetic sports, especially gymnasts, are predisposed to a delay in pubertal development. The growing evidence indicates that energy deficiency, not a systemic training per se, plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of functional hypothalamic hypogonadism in female athletes...
October 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738833/anxiety-and-depression-among-infertile-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-hungary
#19
Enikő Lakatos, Judit F Szigeti, Péter P Ujma, Réka Sexty, Piroska Balog
BACKGROUND: Infertility is often associated with a chronic state of stress which may manifest itself in anxiety-related and depressive symptoms. The aim of our study is to assess the psychological state of women with and without fertility problems, and to investigate the background factors of anxiety-related and depressive symptoms in women struggling with infertility. METHODS: Our study was conducted with the participation of 225 (134 primary infertile and 91 fertile) women, recruited in a clinical setting and online...
July 24, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731567/integration-of-white-matter-network-is-associated-with-interindividual-differences-in-psychologically-mediated-placebo-response-in-migraine-patients
#20
Jixin Liu, Shaohui Ma, Junya Mu, Tao Chen, Qing Xu, Wanghuan Dun, Jie Tian, Ming Zhang
Individual differences of brain changes of neural communication and integration in the modular architecture of the human brain network exist for the repeated migraine attack and physical or psychological stressors. However, whether the interindividual variability in the migraine brain connectome predicts placebo response to placebo treatment is still unclear. Using DTI and graph theory approaches, we systematically investigated the topological organization of white matter networks in 71 patients with migraine without aura (MO) and 50 matched healthy controls at three levels: global network measure, nodal efficiency, and nodal intramodule/intermodule efficiency...
July 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
keyword
keyword
100122
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"