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Chronic psychological stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784221/do-psychological-characteristics-of-mothers-predict-parenting-stress-a-cross-sectional-study-among-mothers-of-children-with-different-disabilities
#1
Badroddin Najmi, Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi, Silva Hovsepian, Farzaneh Momeni, Seied Mohammad Masood Azhar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: We aimed at assessing the parenting stress levels among mothers of children with different disabilities and its association with various mothers' psychological characteristics. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 302 mothers of 6-12years old children suffering from sensory motor mental, chronic physical and psychological disabilities were enrolled. Parenting stress, coping stratyles, marital satisfaction and psychological problems of mothers were assessed using validated questionnaires...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775595/the-neuropeptide-tac2-controls-a-distributed-brain-state-induced-by-chronic-social-isolation-stress
#2
Moriel Zelikowsky, May Hui, Tomomi Karigo, Andrea Choe, Bin Yang, Mario R Blanco, Keith Beadle, Viviana Gradinaru, Benjamin E Deverman, David J Anderson
Chronic social isolation causes severe psychological effects in humans, but their neural bases remain poorly understood. 2 weeks (but not 24 hr) of social isolation stress (SIS) caused multiple behavioral changes in mice and induced brain-wide upregulation of the neuropeptide tachykinin 2 (Tac2)/neurokinin B (NkB). Systemic administration of an Nk3R antagonist prevented virtually all of the behavioral effects of chronic SIS. Conversely, enhancing NkB expression and release phenocopied SIS in group-housed mice, promoting aggression and converting stimulus-locked defensive behaviors to persistent responses...
May 17, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774652/nonscarring-diffuse-hair-loss-in-women-a-clinico-etiological-study-from-tertiary-care-center-in-north-west-india
#3
Kavita Poonia, Gurvinder Pal Thami, Mala Bhalla, Shivani Jaiswal, Jasleen Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Diffuse hair loss (DHL) is a common problem in adult women and has a major impact on quality of life. Ascertaining the etiological diagnosis is a challenging task in such patients. Satisfactory treatment can only be instituted after ascertaining the cause of hair loss. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinico-epidemiological profile of nonscarring DHL in females and to ascertain its underlying etiological factors. STUDY DESIGN: Of a total of 110 females, who presented with nonscarring DHL to the outpatient dermatology department, 100 qualified for inclusion in the study...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#4
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764800/mindfulness-based-symptom-and-stress-management-apps-for-adults-with-chronic-lung-disease-systematic-search-in-app-stores
#5
REVIEW
Otis L Owens, Jenay M Beer, Ligia I Reyes, David G Gallerani, Amanda R Myhren-Bennett, Karen K McDonnell
BACKGROUND: Up to 70% of lung cancer survivors are affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a common, debilitating, comorbid disease. Lung cancer and COPD are both characterized by symptoms such as breathlessness, fatigue, and psychological distress. These distressing chronic symptoms are exacerbated by stress and detract from an individual's quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate evidence-based, commercially available apps for promoting mindfulness-based strategies among adults with a COPD or lung cancer history (ie, chronic lung disease)...
May 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761890/glucocorticoid-receptor-gene-variants-and-lower-expression-of-nr3c1-are-associated-with-cocaine-use
#6
Andrea B Schote, Kristina Jäger, Sara L Kroll, Matthias Vonmoos, Lea M Hulka, Katrin H Preller, Jobst Meyer, Edna Grünblatt, Boris B Quednow
Animal and cross-sectional human studies suggest that chronic cocaine use is associated with altered responsivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to stress. Moreover, increased susceptibility to stress has been proposed as an important factor for development, maintenance and relapse of cocaine addiction. As the glucocorticoid receptor gene (NR3C1) mediates genomic effects of the stress hormone cortisol, we investigated NR3C1 expression and the association of NR3C1 genotypes with cocaine use, addiction and comorbid psychiatric symptoms in 126 chronic cocaine users and 98 stimulant-naïve healthy controls...
May 15, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760615/stress-itch-and-quality-of-life-in-chronic-urticaria-females
#7
Alicja Ograczyk-Piotrowska, Zofia Gerlicz-Kowalczuk, Anna Pietrzak, Anna M Zalewska-Janowska
Introduction: Chronic urticaria (CU) belongs to a group of psychodermatological disorders, thus stress can play a significant role in this dermatosis onset and/or exacerbation. On the other hand, the disease itself accompanied by itch, may be a source of distress and could worsen patients' quality of life (QoL). Aim: The first goal of our study was to compare stress intensity between CU subjects and the control group. The second aim was to investigate the relationships between disease-related parameters (CU severity, itch) and psychological variables (stress and QoL) in CU patients...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756097/evaluation-of-stressors-in-intensive-care-units
#8
Yücel Gültekin, Zerrin Özçelik, Seda Banu Akıncı, Halil Kaya Yorgancı
Objective: Physical and psychological stressors adversely affect the treatment and length of stay of patients in intensive care units. In this study, we aimed to describe environmental and psychological stressors affecting intensive care unit patients and to determine their priorities. Material and Methods: In this study, the 40-item Intensive Care Unit Environmental Stressor Scale was administered to patients in the General Surgery Intensive Care Unit and the Anesthesiology and Reanimation Intensive Care Unit...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755394/a-pathway-to-psychological-difficulty-perceived-chronic-social-adversity-and-its-symptomatic-reactions
#9
Cody Ding, Jingqiu Zhang, Dong Yang
In this paper, we attempt to predict and explain psychological maladjustment or difficulty. Specifically, we discuss the concept of perceived chronic social adversity, and we expect that such perceived chronic social adversity may potentially lead to chronic stress responses. Accordingly, we propose the symptomatic reactions of perceived chronic social adversity. We put forward a set of hypotheses regarding the relationships between perceived chronic social adversity and those chronic stress responses, and we further hypothesize a mediating role of individualized negative essentialism brought by perceived chronical social adversity...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752045/stressors-of-school-age-children-with-allergic-diseases-a-qualitative-study
#10
Misa Iio, Mana Hamaguchi, Mayumi Nagata, Koichi Yoshida
PURPOSE: Most studies of stress in children with chronic diseases have been geared toward parents and caregivers have not considered allergic diseases together. This study aimed to identify the stressors associated with allergic diseases in Japanese school-age children. DESIGN AND METHODS: Stressors associated with allergic diseases of 11 school-age children (seven boys and four girls; age range: 9-12 years) were investigated using semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: In the qualitative thematic analysis of stressors about allergic diseases, two themes: allergic disease-specific stressors and common stressors in chronic diseases, and 12 categories were identified...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749518/effects-of-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-on-ovarian-reserve-in-female-rats-feasibility-analysis-of-a-rat-model-of-premature-ovarian-failure
#11
Xiao-Yan Fu, Hao-Hao Chen, Ning Zhang, Ming-Xing Ding, Ying-Er Qiu, Xiao-Ming Pan, Yuan-Shu Fang, Yi-Ping Lin, Qun Zheng, Wen-Qian Wang
Premature ovarian failure (POF) results from a number of disorders. The POF model is primarily based on chemotherapeutic injury, and hence is not suitable for assessing the effects of chronic stress on ovarian function. Therefore, improved animal models are required to analyze the effects of chronic stress on ovarian reserve. The feasibility of the chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) method for establishing a model of POF was examined. The depressive behavior exhibited by rats was evaluated with the open field and sucrose preference tests...
May 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745889/potentially-traumatic-events-ptsd-and-post-traumatic-stress-spectrum-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#12
Ciro Conversano, Claudia Carmassi, Carlo A Bertelloni, Laura Marchi, Tommaso Micheloni, Manuel G Carbone, Giovanni Pagni, Claudia Tagliarini, Gabriele Massimetti, Laura M Bazzichi, Liliana Dell'Osso
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is defined as a severe, chronic, non-articular rheumatic condition characterised by widespread musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia and generalised tender points, in the absence of inflammatory or structural musculoskeletal abnormalities. Pain is the predominant symptom, allodynia and hyperalgesia are common signs. Extreme fatigue, impaired cognition and non-restorative sleeping difficulties coexist in addition to other somatic symptoms. Several studies suggest there is a meaningful relationship between FM and the psychological symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743870/absence-of-wdr13-gene-predisposes-mice-to-mild-social-isolation-chronic-stress-leading-to-depression-like-phenotype-associated-with-differential-expression-of-synaptic-proteins
#13
Shiladitya Mitra, Ghantasala S Sameer Kumar, B Jyothi Lakshmi, Suman Thakur, Satish Kumar
We earlier reported that the male mice lacking the Wdr13 gene ( Wdr13 -/0 ) showed mild anxiety, better memory retention, and up-regulation of synaptic proteins in the hippocampus. With increasing evidences from parallel studies in our laboratory about the possible role of Wdr13 in stress response, we investigated its role in brain. We observed that Wdr13 transcript gets up-regulated in the hippocampus of the wild-type mice exposed to stress. To further dissect its function, we analyzed the behavioral and molecular phenotypes of Wdr13 -/0 mice when subjected to mild chronic psychological stress, namely; mild (attenuated) social isolation...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741742/correlates-of-sexual-functioning-and-relationship-satisfaction-among-men-and-women-experiencing-chronic-pain
#14
Erica Finn, Todd G Morrison, Brian E McGuire
Background: The aims of the study were to 1) examine the prevalence of sexual functioning difficulties in a chronic pain sample; 2) identify correlates of sexual functioning and relationship satisfaction utilizing pain variables (pain severity and pain interference) and psychological variables (mood, pain-related cognitions, self-efficacy, self-esteem, body-image); and 3) investigate possible sex differences in the correlates of sexual functioning and relationship satisfaction. Method: Two hundred sixty-nine participants were recruited online from chronic pain organizations, websites, social media sites, and discussion forums...
May 1, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738952/changing-patterns-in-the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-major-depressive-episode-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-over-24-months-following-a-road-traffic-crash-results-from-the-uq-support-study
#15
Justin Kenardy, Shannon L Edmed, Swati Shourie, Jacelle Warren, Anna Crothers, Erin A Brown, Cate M Cameron, Michelle Heron-Delaney
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and changing patterns of PTSD, major depressive episode (MDE), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in adult claimants who sustained a non-catastrophic injury in a road traffic crash (RTC) in Queensland, Australia. METHOD: Participants (N = 284) were assessed at approximately 6, 12, and 24 months post-RTC using the composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI) modules for PTSD, and CIDI-short form for MDE, and GAD...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731979/long-term-predictive-models-of-risk-factors-for-early-chronic-kidney-disease-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Wen-Chih Wu, Po-Chien Hsieh, Fu-Kang Hu, Jen-Chun Kuan, Chi-Ming Chu, Chien-An Sun, Tsan Yang, Sui-Lung Su, Yu-Ching Chou
Background: The high incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Taiwan have produced tremendous burdens on health care resources. The work environment of air force special operations personnel engenders high psychological stress, and the resulting increased blood pressure can lead to glomerular hypertension and accelerated glomerular injury in the long term. The aim of the study was to establish the predictive models to define the predictors of CKD. Results: The results indicated that the prevalence of CKD over 4 consecutive years was 3...
April 13, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727005/adaption-of-the-biopsychosocial-model-of-chronic-noncancer-pain-in-veterans
#17
Ariel M Baria, Sanjog Pangarkar, Gary Abrams, Christine Miaskowski
Population: Veterans with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) are a vulnerable population whose care remains a challenge for clinicians, policy-makers, and researchers. As a result of military experience, veterans are exposed to high rates of musculoskeletal injuries, trauma, psychological stressors (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, substance abuse), and social factors (e.g., homelessness, social isolation, disability, decreased access to medical care) that contribute to the magnitude and impact of CNCP...
May 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724736/-treading-water-but-drowning-slowly-what-are-gps-experiences-of-living-and-working-with-mental-illness-and-distress-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#18
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Anna K Taylor, Gail A Thornton, Marta Buszewicz
OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an in-depth account of general practitioners' (GPs) experiences of living and working with mental illness and distress, as part of a wider study reporting the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burn-out, and sources of stress/distress for GP participants. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724735/chronic-stress-protection-for-postnatal-depression-prevention-serene-a-protocol-for-an-exploratory-study
#19
Dahlia Tharwat, Marion Trousselard, Mélanie Balès, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Dominique Fromage, Elisabeth Spitz, Dominique Dallay, Thierry Harvey, Eric Welter, Frédéric Coatleven, Lydie Cherier, Frédérique Teissèdre, Jean-Luc Pouly, Frédéric Dutheil, Anaïs M Duffaud
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of postnatal depression (PND) is significant: reaching up to 20% in the general population. In mechanistic terms, the risk of PND lies in an interaction between a maternal psychophysiological vulnerability and a chronic environmental context of stress. On the one hand, repetition of stressor during pregnancy mimics a chronic stress model that is relevant to the study of the allostatic load and the adaptive mechanisms. On the other hand, vulnerability factors reflect a psychological profile mirroring mindfulness functioning (psychological quality that involves bringing one's complete and non-judgemental attention to the present experience on a moment-to-moment basis)...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720767/current-perspective-on-mdma-assisted-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Sascha B Thal, Miriam J J Lommen
The present paper discusses the current literature with regard to substance-assisted psychotherapy with Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of the paper is to give a comprehensive overview of the development from MDMA's early application in psychotherapy to its present and future role in the treatment of PTSD. It is further attempted to increase the attention for MDMA's therapeutic potential by providing a thorough depiction of the scientific evidence regarding its theorized mechanism of action and potential harms of its application in the clinical setting (e...
2018: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy
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