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Chronic psychological stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935656/the-effect-of-chronic-treatment-with-lurasidone-on-rat-liver-cytochrome-p450-expression-and-activity-in-the-chronic-mild-stress-cms-model-of-depression
#1
Marta Kot, Anna Haduch, Mariusz Papp, Władysława Anna Daniel
Recent studies indicated an important role of the monoaminergic nervous systems (dopaminergic, noradrenergic and serotonergic systems) and stress in the regulation of cytochrome P450 (CYP) expression and activity in the liver. The aim of our present research was to determine the effect of the novel atypical neuroleptic drug with antidepressant properties lurasidone, on the expression (mRNA and protein level) and activity of liver CYP isoforms involved in the metabolism of drugs and endogenous steroids, in the chronic mild stress (CMS) model of depression...
September 21, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934128/neuroticism-predicts-subsequent-risk-of-major-depression-for-whites-but-not-blacks
#2
Shervin Assari
Cultural and ethnic differences in psychosocial and medical correlates of negative affect are well documented. This study aimed to compare blacks and whites for the predictive role of baseline neuroticism (N) on subsequent risk of major depressive episodes (MDD) 25 years later. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. We used data on 1219 individuals (847 whites and 372 blacks) who had data on baseline N in 1986 and future MDD in 2011. The main predictor of interest was baseline N, measured using three items in 1986...
September 21, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932967/psychological-stress-inflammation-and-coronary-heart-disease
#3
REVIEW
Petra H Wirtz, Roland von Känel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarize evidence on the risk factor psychological stress in the context of coronary heart disease (CHD) in humans and explore the role of inflammation as a potential underlying mechanism. RECENT FINDINGS: While chronic stress increases the risk of incident CHD and poor cardiovascular prognosis, acute emotional stress can trigger acute CHD events in vulnerable patients. Evidence supporting a potential role for inflammation as a promising biological mechanism comes from population-based studies showing associations between chronic stress and increased inflammation...
September 20, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927320/stress-and-cortisol-responses-in-men-differences-according-to-facial-symmetry
#4
Javier I Borráz-León, Ana Lilia Cerda-Molina, Lilian Mayagoitia-Novales
Stress response is associated with increased activity in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. Chronic stress-induced elevation in cortisol may alter its own negative regulation with multiple long-term consequences for physical and psychological health. One of the most reliable physical traits associated with mental, apparent physical health, and competitiveness is the degree of facial fluctuating asymmetry. However, to our knowledge there are no studies regarding the relationship between cortisol levels, facial symmetry and male competitiveness, and how cortisol changes after a stressful test depending on these traits...
September 19, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926940/stress-exposure-and-physical-mental-and-behavioral-health-among-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Melissa L Walls, Kelley J Sittner, Benjamin D Aronson, Angie K Forsberg, Les B Whitbeck, Mustafa al'Absi
American Indian (AI) communities experience disproportionate exposure to stressors and health inequities including type 2 diabetes. Yet, we know little about the role of psychosocial stressors for AI diabetes-related health outcomes. We investigated associations between a range of stressors and psychological, behavioral, and physical health for AIs with diabetes. This community-based participatory research with 5 AI tribes includes 192 AI adult type 2 diabetes patients recruited from clinical records at tribal clinics...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925716/differential-neural-activation-when-voluntarily-regulating-emotions-in-service-members-with-chronic-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Michael N Dretsch, Thomas A Daniel, Adam M Goodman, Jeffrey S Katz, Thomas Denney, Gopikrishna Deshpande, Jennifer L Robinson
The objective of this study was to characterize the functional activation of the neural correlates of voluntary regulation of emotion in soldiers both with and without chronic mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a battery of cognitive and psychological health measures, we assessed differences between active-duty U.S. soldiers with chronic mTBI (n = 37) and without (Controls, n = 35). Participants were instructed to maintain (passively view), enhance, and suppress emotions associated with negative and neutral visual stimuli...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920034/the-use-of-intraoperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-thoracic-aortic-dissection-due-to-chronic-cocaine-abuse
#7
Ali Dabbagh, Mohammad Kazem Arabnia, Mahnoosh Foroughi, Mehran Shahzamani, Hassan Rahmian
INTRODUCTION: Aortic dissection is a life threatening disease and is usually accompanied by a high rate of mortality and morbidity. Here we present a case report in which intraoperative tranesophageal echocardiography was used for intraoperative assessments of thoracic aortic dissection due to cocaine abuse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45- year- old male was admitted to a university hospital due to severe chest pain. He was suffering from severe excruciating chest pain that had started after a psychological stress, leading to heavy cocaine abuse...
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919432/chronic-pain-and-telomere-length-in-community-dwelling-adults-findings-from-the-1999-2002-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#8
Alta M Steward, Julia D Morgan, Juan P Espinosa, Dennis C Turk, Kushang V Patel
Chronic pain is a common condition associated with psychological distress, functional impairments, and age-associated comorbidity. Preliminary studies, based on relatively small sample sizes, suggest that the combination of chronic pain and stress is associated with telomere shortening, a widely recognized marker of cellular aging. We sought to determine the cross-sectional association of chronic pain with telomere length in 7,816 community-dwelling adults ages 20 and older who participated in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918388/association-of-the-alternative-healthy-eating-index-ahei-2010-with-depression-stress-and-anxiety-among-iranian-military-personnel
#9
Jamal Rahmani, A Milajerdi, A Dorosty-Motlagh
INTRODUCTION: Psychological disorders have a major role in the incidence of chronic diseases and may result in reductions in the cost-effectiveness of the Armed Forces. Previous civilian studies have shown a protective association between healthy eating guidelines and mental disorders, but evidence to support this for a military population is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the association of Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) with depression, stress and anxiety among Iranian military personnel...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#10
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914809/perception-of-radiation-risk-as-a-predictor-of-mid-term-mental-health-after-a-nuclear-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#11
Itaru Miura, Masato Nagai, Masaharu Maeda, Mayumi Harigane, Senta Fujii, Misari Oe, Hirooki Yabe, Yuriko Suzuki, Hideto Takahashi, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
Predictive factors including risk perception for mid-term mental health after a nuclear disaster remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between perceived radiation risk and other factors at baseline and mid-term mental health after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster of 2011 in Japan. A mail-based questionnaire survey was conducted in January 2012 and January 2013. Mental health status was assessed using the K6 scale. Psychological distress over the 2-year period was categorized into the following four groups: chronic, recovered, resistant, or worsened...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914594/salivary-neuropeptides-stress-and-periodontitis
#12
Hady Haririan, Oleh Andrukhov, Michael Böttcher, Eleonore Pablik, Gernot Wimmer, Andreas Moritz, Xiaohui Rausch-Fan
BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence for psychological stress as a risk factor for periodontitis is fragmentary relying mostly on either questionnaire-based or biomarker studies. The aim of this study was to investigate Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Substance P, Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP), Neuropeptide Y (NPY), Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide and Adrenomedullin as well as cortisol in saliva and serum in periodontal health and disease combined with different aspects of stress and possible associations with clinical parameters...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902948/psychological-health-status-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#13
Sul Hee Lee, Si Hyung Lee, Sung Yul Lee, Bora Lee, Sang-Hoon Lee, Young Lip Park
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder. Patients with AD often experience psychological distress and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study was to investigate the association of several psychological health statuses and poor HRQoL in an adult population with AD in South Korea. A total of 38,741 adults who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional health survey between 2008 and 2013 were included...
September 13, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889827/multidisciplinary-family-centred-psychosocial-care-for-patients-with-chd-consensus-recommendations-from-the-aepc-psychosocial-working-group
#14
Elisabeth M W J Utens, Edward Callus, Eveline M Levert, Katya De Groote, Frank Casey
Because of the enormous advances in the medical treatment of CHD, the long-term survival of patients suffering from this disease has increased significantly. Currently, about 90% of patients reach adulthood, which entails many new challenges both for patients and their families and for healthcare professionals. The main objective of family-centred psychosocial care is to strengthen the emotional resilience of chronically ill patients and their families by adopting a holistic approach. During the biannual meeting of the psychosocial working group in 2012, participants expressed the need for general European guidelines...
September 11, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886903/the-relationships-of-current-suicidal-ideation-with-inflammatory-markers-and-heart-rate-variability-in-unmedicated-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#15
Chuan-Chia Chang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Yu-Chen Kao, Chin-Bin Yeh, Hsin-An Chang
Studies investigating inflammatory status and autonomic functioning simultaneously in depressed patients with current suicidal ideation (SI) are lacking. We recruited 58 unmedicated depressed patients with current SI but without lifetime history of suicidal behavior, as well as 61 equally depressed patients without lifetime history of SI or suicidal behavior. We measured serum cortisol, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and autonomic functioning evaluated by frequency-domain measures of heart rate variability (HRV)...
August 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880738/military-sexual-trauma-and-obesity-among-women-veterans
#16
Nivedita Pandey, Samir N Ashfaq, Edward W Dauterive, Andrea A MacCarthy, Laurel A Copeland
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the experience of military sexual trauma (MST) that may contribute to PTSD, and obesity are three issues that complicate care for our population of new veterans. Our aim was to analyze the association of MST and diagnosed PTSD with obesity among female veterans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women 20-103 years old using the Veterans Health Administration (VA) in fiscal year 2014 (October 2013-September 2014) with diagnosis and body-mass data were identified in administrative databases (213,985 of 404,183 women)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877103/abnormal-modification-of-histone-acetylation-involved-in-depression-like-behaviors-of-rats-induced-by-chronically-unpredicted-stress
#17
Hai-Yan Li, Qing-Song Jiang, Xiao-Yan Fu, Xin-Hui Jiang, Qi-Xin Zhou, Hong-Mei Qiu
Depression is a complex multifactorial mental disorder. Its etiology involves many factors such as social environments, genetics, and psychology. Recent studies have shown that epigenetic modification may be associated with depression. Histone acetylation is one of the main mechanisms of epigenetic modification and plays an important role in genetic expression. In this study, we investigated the role of histone acetylation in the depression-like behaviors of rats undergoing chronically unpredicted stress (CUS) by detecting the mRNA and protein expression of histone deacetylase 5, cAMP-response element-binding protein, and the level of histone acetylated modification of H3K14, H3K23, and H4K16 in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of the rats...
September 4, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871318/-psychotherapy-with-older-caregivers
#18
REVIEW
G Wilz, K Pfeiffer
Nursing and caring for a relative can be regarded as an important developmental task, which mainly affects elderly people who provide care for their very old parents or their (spouse) partners. Being responsible for the care of someone can be associated with a severe caregiver burden and experienced as a crisis. Possible psychological consequences are pronounced depressive symptoms or maladaptive stress reactions. For these caregivers, psychotherapeutic counselling can be sensible and helpful in addition to other resources of caregiver support...
September 4, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870691/-burnout-in-tunisian-medical-residents-about-149-cases
#19
A Ben Zid, W Homri, I Ben Romdhane, N Bram, R Labbane
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a professional psychological chronic stress-induced syndrome defined by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. This syndrome concerns all professions but especially healthcare staff. Numerous studies have attempted to document the impact of work activities on the doctor's mental health. According to the literature, junior doctors are more vulnerable to develop this syndrome. AIMS: Are to determine the prevalence of severe burnout among residents of different specialties: anesthesiology, general surgery, emergency medicine, psychiatry, basic sciences...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866901/anxiety-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-palliative-care-from-neuro-psychobiological-response-to-stress-to-symptoms-management-with-clinical-hypnosis-and-meditative-states
#20
Anirudh Kumar Satsangi, Maria Paola Brugnoli
Psychosomatic disorder is a condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress. It is a condition of dysfunction or structural damage in physical organs through inappropriate activation of the involuntary nervous system and the biochemical response. In this framework, this review will consider anxiety disorders, from the perspective of the psychobiological mechanisms of vulnerability to extreme stress in severe chronic illnesses. Psychosomatic medicine is a field of behavioral medicine and a part of the practice of consultation-liaison psychiatry...
August 9, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
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