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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623809/participation-in-active-play-of-children-who-use-lower-extremity-prostheses-an-exploratory-questionnaire
#1
Cheryl Kerfeld, Tracy Jirikowic, Katheryn J Allyn, Murray E Maitland
BACKGROUND: Through play, children develop motor, cognitive, social, and other life skills. Play barriers can impede physical and psychosocial benefits. OBJECTIVES: We describe participation in active play, fundamental movement skills, play environment characteristics, and potential play barriers for school-aged children (6-12 years) who use lower extremity prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and administered online to parents of children 6-12 years who use lower extremity prostheses...
April 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575948/blood-biomarkers-in-chronic-airways-diseases-and-their-role-in-diagnosis-and-management
#2
Job J M H van Bragt, Susanne J H Vijverberg, Els J M Weersink, Levi B Richards, Anne H Neerincx, Peter J Sterk, Elisabeth H D Bel, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee
The complexity and heterogeneous nature of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) results in difficulties in diagnosing and treating patients. Biomarkers that can identify underlying mechanisms, identify patient phenotypes and to predict treatment response could be of great value for adequate treatment. Areas covered: Biomarkers play an important role for the development of novel targeted therapies in airways disease. Blood biomarkers are relatively non-invasive, easy to obtain and easy to apply in routine care...
March 29, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573273/patterns-of-topical-corticosteroids-prescriptions-in-children-with-asthma
#3
Ali Arabkhazaeli, Susanne J H Vijverberg, Maaike van der Lee, Cornelis K van der Ent, Carla A Bruijnzeel-Koomen, Marjolein S de Bruin-Weller, Jan A Raaijmakers, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee
OBJECTIVES: To study topical corticosteroid use in Dutch asthmatic children using pharmacy dispensing data and to assess whether Dutch physicians prescribe topical corticosteroids in this population according to clinical guidelines. METHODS: Medication histories of children using asthma medication were extracted from the pharmacy dispensing system in 100 Dutch community pharmacies. The incidence rate and the potency of topical corticosteroid prescriptions per age were assessed...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573254/optical-model-of-the-murine-lung-to-optimize-pulmonary-illumination
#4
Madeleine S Durkee, Fatemeh Nooshabadi, Jeffrey D Cirillo, Kristen C Maitland
We describe a Monte Carlo model of the mouse torso to optimize illumination of the mouse lung for fluorescence detection of low levels of pulmonary pathogens, specifically Mycobacterium tuberculosis. After validation of the simulation with an internally illuminated optical phantom, the entire mouse torso was simulated to compare external and internal illumination techniques. Measured optical properties of deflated mouse lungs were scaled to mimic the diffusive properties of inflated lungs in vivo. Using the full-torso model, a 2  ×   to 3  ×   improvement in average fluence rate in the lung was seen for dorsal compared with ventral positioning of the mouse with external illumination...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553502/fabrication-and-characterization-of-optical-tissue-phantoms-containing-macrostructure
#5
Madeleine S Durkee, Landon D Nash, Fatemeh Nooshabadi, Jeffrey D Cirillo, Duncan J Maitland, Kristen C Maitland
The rapid development of new optical imaging techniques is dependent on the availability of low-cost, customizable, and easily reproducible standards. By replicating the imaging environment, costly animal experiments to validate a technique may be circumvented. Predicting and optimizing the performance of in vivo and ex vivo imaging techniques requires testing on samples that are optically similar to tissues of interest. Tissue-mimicking optical phantoms provide a standard for evaluation, characterization, or calibration of an optical system...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551775/clinical-pharmacodynamic-exposure-characterisation-of-the-multikinase-inhibitor-ilorasertib-abt-348-in-a-phase-1-dose-escalation-trial
#6
Michael L Maitland, Sarina Piha-Paul, Gerald Falchook, Razelle Kurzrock, Ly Nguyen, Linda Janisch, Sanja Karovic, Mark McKee, Elizabeth Hoening, Shekman Wong, Wijith Munasinghe, Joann Palma, Cherrie Donawho, Guinan K Lian, Peter Ansell, Mark J Ratain, David Hong
BACKGROUND: Ilorasertib (ABT-348) inhibits Aurora and VEGF receptor (VEGFR) kinases. Patients with advanced solid tumours participated in a phase 1 dose-escalation trial to profile the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of ilorasertib. METHODS: Ilorasertib monotherapy was administered at 10-180 mg orally once daily (Arm I, n = 23), 40-340 mg orally twice daily (Arm II, n = 28), or 8-32 mg intravenously once daily (Arm III, n = 7), on days 1, 8, and 15 of each 28-day cycle...
March 19, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543495/towards-providing-culturally-aware-nutritional-care-for-transgender-people-key-issues-and-considerations
#7
Pamela Fergusson, Nicole Greenspan, Lukas Maitland, Rémy Huberdeau
Transgender people are an important group for whom access to healthcare is often problematic. Dietitians need to be aware of key issues in transgender health to provide culturally competent clinical nutritional care. This article serves as a primer, clarifying key terms and concepts, exploring the impact of stigma and discrimination on health and nutrition for people from transgender communities, and offering practical advice for nutritional and other related issues. Education for dietitians both pre- and postqualification is an important part of improving care and building skills and awareness of cultural humility...
March 15, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540872/comparison-of-conservative-exercise-therapy-with-and-without-maitland-thoracic-manipulative-therapy-in-patients-with-subacromial-pain-clinical-trial
#8
Rizwan Haider, Muhammad Salman Bashir, Muhammad Adeel, Muhammad Junaid Ijaz, Azhar Ayub
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of conservative exercise therapy with and without Maitland thoracic manipulation in patients with subacromial pain. METHODS: The randomised controlled trial study was conducted at the Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from June 2015 to February 2016, and comprised patients with subacromial pain (group 1) and controls (group 2).Pre-assessment was done by using numeric pain rating scale and shoulder pain and disability index as subjective measurements, while range of motion was taken as objective measurement...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534987/transcriptomic-profiling-of-nematode-parasites-surviving-vaccine-exposure
#9
Guillaume Sallé, Roz Laing, James A Cotton, Kirsty Maitland, Axel Martinelli, Nancy Holroyd, Alan Tracey, Matthew Berriman, W David Smith, George F J Newlands, Eve Hanks, Eileen Devaney, Collette Britton
Some nematode species are economically important parasites of livestock, while others are important human pathogens causing some of the most important neglected tropical diseases. In both humans and animals, anthelmintic drug administration is the main control strategy, but the emergence of drug-resistant worms has stimulated the development of alternative control approaches. Among these, vaccination is considered to be a sustainable and cost effective strategy. Currently, Barbervax® for the ruminant strongylid Haemonchus contortus is the only registered subunit vaccine for a nematode parasite, although a vaccine for the human hookworm Necator americanus is undergoing clinical trials (HOOKVAC consortium)...
March 10, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519240/lactate-clearance-as-a-prognostic-marker-of-mortality-in-severely-ill-febrile-children-in-east-africa
#10
A Aramburo, Jim Todd, Elizabeth C George, Sarah Kiguli, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Robert O Opoka, Charles Engoru, Samuel O Akech, Richard Nyeko, George Mtove, Diana M Gibb, Abdel G Babiker, Kathryn Maitland
BACKGROUND: Hyperlactataemia (HL) is a biomarker of disease severity that predicts mortality in patients with sepsis and malaria. Lactate clearance (LC) during resuscitation has been shown to be a prognostic factor of survival in critically ill adults, but little data exist for African children living in malaria-endemic areas. METHODS: In a secondary data analysis of severely ill febrile children included in the Fluid Expansion as Supportive Therapy (FEAST) resuscitation trial, we assessed the association between lactate levels at admission and LC at 8 h with all-cause mortality at 72 h (d72)...
March 9, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514235/late-presentation-with-hiv-in-africa-phenotypes-risk-and-risk-stratification-in-the-reality-trial
#11
Abraham Siika, Leanne McCabe, Mutsa Bwakura-Dangarembizi, Cissy Kityo, Jane Mallewa, Jay Berkley, Kath Maitland, Anna Griffiths, Keith Baleeta, Shepherd Mudzingwa, James Abach, Kusum Nathoo, Margaret J Thomason, Andrew J Prendergast, Ann Sarah Walker, Diana M Gibb
Background: Severely immunocompromised human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals have high mortality shortly after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated predictors of early mortality and "late presenter" phenotypes. Methods: The Reduction of EArly MortaLITY (REALITY) trial enrolled ART-naive adults and children ≥5 years of age with CD4 counts <100 cells/µL initiating ART in Uganda, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Kenya. Baseline predictors of mortality through 48 weeks were identified using Cox regression with backwards elimination (exit P > ...
March 4, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501328/population-turnover-in-remote-oceania-shortly-after-initial-settlement
#12
Mark Lipson, Pontus Skoglund, Matthew Spriggs, Frederique Valentin, Stuart Bedford, Richard Shing, Hallie Buckley, Iarawai Phillip, Graeme K Ward, Swapan Mallick, Nadin Rohland, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht, Olivia Cheronet, Matthew Ferry, Thomas K Harper, Megan Michel, Jonas Oppenheimer, Kendra Sirak, Kristin Stewardson, Kathryn Auckland, Adrian V S Hill, Kathryn Maitland, Stephen J Oppenheimer, Tom Parks, Kathryn Robson, Thomas N Williams, Douglas J Kennett, Alexander J Mentzer, Ron Pinhasi, David Reich
Ancient DNA from Vanuatu and Tonga dating to about 2,900-2,600 years ago (before present, BP) has revealed that the "First Remote Oceanians" associated with the Lapita archaeological culture were directly descended from the population that, beginning around 5000 BP, spread Austronesian languages from Taiwan to the Philippines, western Melanesia, and eventually Remote Oceania. Thus, ancestors of the First Remote Oceanians must have passed by the Papuan-ancestry populations they encountered in New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the Solomon Islands with minimal admixture [1]...
February 26, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493882/the-use-of-pharmacogenomics-epigenomics-and-transcriptomics-to-improve-childhood-asthma-management-where-do-we-stand
#13
REVIEW
Niloufar Farzan, Susanne J Vijverberg, Michael Kabesch, Peter J Sterk, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee
Asthma is a complex multifactorial disease and it is the most common chronic disease in children. There is a high variability in response to asthma treatment, even in patients with good adherence to maintenance treatment, and a correct inhalation technique. Distinct underlying disease mechanisms in childhood asthma might be the reason of this heterogeneity. A deeper knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanisms of asthma has led to the recent development of advanced and mechanism-based treatments such as biologicals...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485224/use-of-oral-immunosuppressive-drugs-in-the-treatment-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-the-netherlands
#14
F M Garritsen, J M van den Heuvel, C A F M Bruijnzeel-Koomen, A H Maitland-van der Zee, M P H van den Broek, M S de Bruin-Weller
BACKGROUND: Although atopic dermatitis (AD) is a very common skin disease, data on the percentage of patients with really difficult to treat AD are scarce. From socio-economic perspective it is important to have more insight in these numbers, as new very effective, but expensive, treatment options will be available in the near future for difficult to treat AD. Estimating the number of AD patients using oral immunosuppressive drugs can give an impression of the percentage of difficult to treat patients in the total AD population...
February 27, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461984/thrombosis-and-thromboprophylaxis-in-gynecology-surgery
#15
Leigh A Cantrell, Christy Garcia, Hillary S Maitland
Gynecologic surgery offers unique challenges, as pelvic surgery places patients at an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Prevention of VTE is a goal of patients, policy makers, and surgeons. In this review, we address the current research and recommendations for VTE prophylaxis.
February 16, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426307/rapid-intravenous-rehydration-of-children-with-acute-gastroenteritis-and-dehydration-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
M A Iro, T Sell, N Brown, K Maitland
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends rapid intravenous rehydration, using fluid volumes of 70-100mls/kg over 3-6 h, with some of the initial volume given rapidly as initial fluid boluses to treat hypovolaemic shock for children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and severe dehydration. The evidence supporting the safety and efficacy of rapid versus slower rehydration remains uncertain. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on 11th of May 2017 comparing different rates of intravenous fluid therapy in children with AGE and moderate or severe dehydration, using standard search terms...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389730/biomarkers-and-asthma-management-analysis-and-potential-applications
#17
Levi B Richards, Anne H Neerincx, Job J M H van Bragt, Peter J Sterk, Elisabeth H D Bel, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma features a high degree of heterogeneity in both pathophysiology and therapeutic response, resulting in many asthma patients being treated inadequately. Biomarkers indicative of underlying pathological processes could be used to identify disease subtypes, determine prognosis and to predict or monitor treatment response. However, the newly identified as well as more established biomarkers have different applications and limitations. RECENT FINDINGS: Conventional markers for type 2-high asthma, such as blood eosinophils, fraction of exhaled nitric oxide, serum IgE and periostin, feature limited sensitivity and specificity despite their significant correlations...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347975/single-low-dose-primaquine-for-blocking-transmission-of-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-a-proposed-model-derived-age-based-regimen-for-sub-saharan-africa
#18
W Robert Taylor, Htee Khu Naw, Kathryn Maitland, Thomas N Williams, Melissa Kapulu, Umberto D'Alessandro, James A Berkley, Philip Bejon, Joseph Okebe, Jane Achan, Alfred Ngwa Amambua, Muna Affara, Davis Nwakanma, Jean-Pierre van Geertruyden, Muhindo Mavoko, Pascal Lutumba, Junior Matangila, Philipe Brasseur, Patrice Piola, Rindra Randremanana, Estrella Lasry, Caterina Fanello, Marie Onyamboko, Birgit Schramm, Zolia Yah, Joel Jones, Rick M Fairhurst, Mahamadou Diakite, Grace Malenga, Malcolm Molyneux, Claude Rwagacondo, Charles Obonyo, Endalamaw Gadisa, Abraham Aseffa, Mores Loolpapit, Marie-Claire Henry, Grant Dorsey, Chandy John, Sodiomon B Sirima, Karen I Barnes, Peter Kremsner, Nicholas P Day, Nicholas J White, Mavuto Mukaka
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the World Health Organization recommended blocking the transmission of Plasmodium falciparum with single low-dose primaquine (SLDPQ, target dose 0.25 mg base/kg body weight), without testing for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PDd), when treating patients with uncomplicated falciparum malaria. We sought to develop an age-based SLDPQ regimen that would be suitable for sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Using data on the anti-infectivity efficacy and tolerability of primaquine (PQ), the epidemiology of anaemia, and the risks of PQ-induced acute haemolytic anaemia (AHA) and clinically significant anaemia (CSA), we prospectively defined therapeutic-dose ranges of 0...
January 18, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326334/clinical-and-inflammatory-phenotyping-by-breathomics-in-chronic-airway-diseases-irrespective-of-the-diagnostic-label
#19
Rianne de Vries, Yennece W F Dagelet, Pien Spoor, Erik Snoey, Patrick M C Jak, Paul Brinkman, Erica Dijkers, Simon K Bootsma, Fred Elskamp, Frans H C de Jongh, Eric G Haarman, Johannes C C M In 't Veen, Anke-Hilse Maitland-van der Zee, Peter J Sterk
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are complex and overlapping diseases that include inflammatory phenotypes. Novel anti-eosinophilic/anti-neutrophilic strategies demand rapid inflammatory phenotyping, which might be accessible from exhaled breath.Our objective was to capture clinical/inflammatory phenotypes in patients with chronic airway disease using an electronic nose (eNose) in a training and validation set.This was a multicentre cross-sectional study in which exhaled breath from asthma and COPD patients (n=435; training n=321 and validation n=114) was analysed using eNose technology...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282877/multifunctional-shape-memory-polymer-foams-with-bio-inspired-antimicrobials
#20
Mary Beth Browning Monroe, Alexandra D Easley, Katie Grant, Grace K Fletcher, Calla Boyer, Duncan J Maitland
Despite a number of clinically available hemostats, uncontrolled bleeding is the primary cause of trauma-related death. Shape-memory polymer (SMP) foams have a number of desirable properties for use as hemostats, including shape recovery to enable delivery into bleed sites, biocompatibility, and rapid blood clotting. To expand upon this material system, the current work aims to incorporate phenolic acids, which are honey-based antimicrobial agents, into SMP foams. We showed that cinnamic acid (CA) can be utilized as a monomer in SMP synthesis to provide foams with comparable pore structure and retained cytocompatibility...
December 28, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
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