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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926210/clinical-relevance-of-retinal-structure-in-children-with-laser-treated-retinopathy-of-prematurity-versus-controls-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#1
Florina Stoica, Adela Chirita-Emandi, Nicoleta Andreescu, Alina Stanciu, Cristian G Zimbru, Maria Puiu
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the macular anatomy using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), in children born preterm who had laser-treated retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and to investigate the relationship between structural changes in macula and visual function. METHODS: Thirty-seven 3-8 years old children were included in the study in two groups: 20 children born preterm [(<34 weeks of gestation, birthweight (BW) <2000 g)] who had laser-treated ROP in the Neonatology Department, Municipal Clinical Emergency Hospital of Timisoara, Romania; and 17 controls (children born at term, without eye disease, matched for age and gender)...
September 19, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914874/-craniofacial-tumors-blood-supply
#2
Yu G Yakovlenko, V A Cherekaev, V N Kornienko, I N Pronin, L V Shishkina, A S Tonoyan, E I Shul'tz, A M Parshunina
Because of the spread to different anatomical regions, craniofacial tumors (CFTs) usually receive blood supply from several arterial systems, and CFT removal is often accompanied by abundant blood loss. PURPOSE: The study purpose was to develop an algorithm of diagnostic angiography for planning surgical treatment of CFT patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Complex preoperative angiography was performed in 72 patients with craniofacial tumors, aged 10 to 78 years (mean age, 45...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902331/quantitative-and-qualitative-features-of-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-provide-prognostic-indicators-for-visual-acuity-in-patients-with-choroideremia
#3
Alessandro Abbouda, Wei Sing Lim, Lina Sprogyte, Andrew R Webster, Mariya Moosajee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To identify qualitative and quantitative features of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) as prognostic indicators of visual acuity (VA) loss in patients with choroideremia (CHM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 57 male patients with CHM. Central foveal thickness (CFT), subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT), fundus autofluorescence area, and evidence of outer retinal and choroidal degeneration were analyzed by SD-OCT...
September 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899656/greater-ankle-strength-anaerobic-and-aerobic-capacity-and-agility-predict-ground-combat-military-occupational-school-graduation-in-female-marines
#4
Katelyn Fleishman Allison, Karen A Keenan, Meleesa F Wohleber, Katherine A Perlsweig, Erin R Pletcher, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Lawrence C Coleman, Bradley C Nindl
Women can serve in all military occupational specialties (MOS); however, musculoskeletal and physiological characteristics that predict successful completion of ground combat MOS schools by female Marines are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine which demographic, musculoskeletal, and physiological characteristics predict graduation from infantry and vehicle ground combat MOS schools in female Marines. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Prior to MOS school, the following were assessed in 62 female Marines (22...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881150/patterns-of-retinal-thickness-prior-to-and-following-treatment-with-fluocinolone-acetonide-190%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-intravitreal-implant-for-diabetic-macular-edema
#5
Craig J Currie, Sarah E Holden, David R Owens
OBJECTIVES: To compare retinal thickness before and after treatment with the fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) 190 µg intravitreal implant in people with diabetic macular edema (DME) using data from the Iluvien Clinical Evidence study in the UK (ICE-UK). METHODS: For this retrospective cohort study, data on people attending any one of 13 participating ophthalmology departments and treated with FAc intravitreal implant between April 1, 2013 and April 15, 2015 were collected for 12 months prior to and at least 12 months after implantation...
October 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881143/evaluation-of-the-clinical-effectiveness-of-fluocinolone-acetonide-190%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-intravitreal-implant-in-diabetic-macular-edema-a-comparison-between-study-and-fellow-eyes
#6
Craig J Currie, Sarah E Holden, Ellen Berni, David R Owens
OBJECTIVES: To compare visual and anatomical outcomes between eyes treated with fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) 190 µg intravitreal implant for clinically significant chronic diabetic macular edema (DME) and fellow eyes not treated with FAc implant using data from the Iluvien Clinical Evidence study in the UK (ICE-UK) study. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data on people attending hospital eye services and treated with the FAc implant between April 1, 2013 and April 15, 2015 were collected...
October 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852896/retinal-toxicity-related-to-hydroxychloroquine-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Hande Husniye Telek, Nilufer Yesilirmak, Gulten Sungur, Yaprak Ozdemir, Nesibe Karahan Yesil, Firdevs Ornek
PURPOSE: To compare the retinal toxicity due to hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) use in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using multifocal electroretinography (mfERG), fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: Patients who were using HCQ due to SLE and RA, and healthy subjects evaluated in this study. Central foveal thickness (CFT), inner-outer segment (IS-OS) junction irregularity, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, mfERG and FAF measurements were performed to evaluate retinal toxicity...
August 29, 2017: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843680/genome-wide-association-and-pathway-based-analysis-using-latent-variables-related-to-milk-protein-composition-and-cheesemaking-traits-in-dairy-cattle
#8
Christos Dadousis, Sara Pegolo, Guilherme J M Rosa, Giovanni Bittante, Alessio Cecchinato
The aim of this study was to perform genome-wide associations (GWAS) and gene-set enrichment analyses with protein composition and cheesemaking-related latent variables (factors; F) in a cohort of 1,011 Italian Brown Swiss cows. Factor analysis was applied to identify latent structures of 26 phenotypes related to bovine milk quantity and quality, protein fractions [αS1-, αS2-, β-, and κ-casein (CN), β-lactoglobulin, and α-lactalbumin (α-LA)], coagulation and curd firming at time t (CFt) measures, and cheese properties [cheese yield (%CY) and nutrients recovery in the curd] of individual cows...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836231/reduction-of-foveal-bulges-and-other-anatomical-changes-in-fellow-eyes-of-patients-with-unilateral-idiopathic-macular-hole-without-vitreomacular-pathologic-changes
#9
Barbara Delas, Gemma Julio, Álvaro Fernández-Vega, Ricardo P Casaroli-Marano, Jeroni Nadal
PURPOSE: To compare the foveal characteristics in fellow eyes (FE) of patients with unilateral idiopathic macular hole without vitreomacular pathologic changes with eyes of healthy controls. METHODS: Forty-seven FE and 52 eyes of 52 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were studied. Quantitative assessment of the dome-shaped appearance of the hyperreflective lines that represent external limiting membrane (ELM_bulge) and inner outer segment junctions (IS/OS_bulge) were made by optical coherence tomography (OCT) images...
August 23, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828184/switch-of-intravitreal-therapy-for-macular-edema-secondary-to-retinal-vein-occlusion-from-anti-vegf-to-dexamethasone-implant-and-vice-versa
#10
Amelie Pielen, Anima Desiree Bühler, Sonja Ute Heinzelmann, Daniel Böhringer, Thomas Ness, Bernd Junker
PURPOSE: To evaluate the anatomical and functional outcome of intravitreal dexamethasone implant for macular edema secondary to central (C) or branch (B) retinal vein occlusion (RVO) in patients with persistent macular edema (ME) refractory to intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment compared to treatment naïve patients and to dexamethasone-refractory eyes switched to anti-VEGF. METHODS: Retrospective, observational study including 30 eyes previously treated with anti-VEGF (8 CRVO, 22 BRVO, mean age 69 ± 10 yrs), compared to 11 treatment naïve eyes (6 CRVO, 5 BRVO, 73 ± 11 yrs) and compared to dexamethasone nonresponders (2 CRVO, 4 BRVO, 69 ± 12)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802437/effects-of-cursor-freeze-time-on-the-performance-of-older-adult-users-on-mouse-related-tasks
#11
Muhammad Tufail, KwanMyung Kim
This study determines the optimum range of cursor freeze time (CFT) for basic target acquisition tasks. The effect of five levels of CFT was measured on double-clicking, clicking, and drag-and-drop operations, along with the inconvenience perceived by users at these levels. Older adult users find these standard mouse operations challenging because of slipping and accidental cursor movement. In this study, 24 older adult participants (13 males and 11 females) performed the abovementioned tasks repeatedly across five levels of CFT (0, 200, 400, 600, and 800 ms) and rated their perceived inconvenience at each level...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798947/international-organization-of-standardization-iso-and-cambridge-filter-test-cft-smoking-regimen-data-comparisons-in-tobacco-product-marketing-applications
#12
Changyu Chae, Matthew J Walters, Matthew R Holman
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the differences in TNCO (tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide) smoke yields generated under the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) and Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Cambridge Filter Test (CFT) smoking regimens. METHODS: Twenty-nine commercial cigarette products from the US marketplace were acquired in 2015 and tested by measuring the TNCO smoke yields generated under these 2 nonintense smoking regimens. RESULTS: Data obtained demonstrated a linear relationship between the TNCO yields produced under the 2 smoking regimens (R(2) > 0...
July 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795825/development-and-validation-of-the-forms-of-self-criticizing-attacking-and-self-reassuring-scale-short-form
#13
Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Hester Trompetter, Peter Ten Klooster, Karlein Schreurs, Paul Gilbert, Ernst Bohlmeijer
Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243)...
August 10, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780904/the-impact-of-age-bmi-and-sex-hormone-on-aging-males-symptoms-and-the-international-index-of-erectile-function-scores
#14
Xiao-Hua Yu, Jing Zhao, Shu-Cheng Zhang, Jian-Hui Li, Jun-Biao Zheng, Zheng Li, Guo-Qing Liang, Hui-Juan Shi, Wei-Jin Zhou, Qian-Xi Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of age, BMI and sex hormone on aging males' symptoms (AMS) and the 5-item version of the international index of erectile function (IIEF-5) scores in middle-aged and elderly Chinese men. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Jiashan County. A total of 969 men, aged between 40 and 80 years old, were admitted. Physical examination and the sex hormones were measured, and AMS and IIEF-5 scores were assessed...
August 5, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756595/structural-and-functional-assessment-after-intravitreal-injection-of-ranibizumab-in-diabetic-macular-edema
#15
YuDong Fu, Ping Wang, XuXia Meng, Zhaodong Du, DaBo Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate structure and function improvement in central retina by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and multifocal electroretinography (mf-ERG) in diabetic macular edema (DME) patients after intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (IVR) treatment. METHODS: Twenty-seven eyes in 27 patients with DME received three consecutive monthly injections of IVR (0.05 ml, 10 mg/ml) and as needed thereafter. The clinical parameters of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central foveal thickness (CFT) and mf-ERG were monitored for 6 months before and after IVR...
July 29, 2017: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753372/towards-holography-via-quantum-source-channel-codes
#16
Fernando Pastawski, Jens Eisert, Henrik Wilming
While originally motivated by quantum computation, quantum error correction (QEC) is currently providing valuable insights into many-body quantum physics, such as topological phases of matter. Furthermore, mounting evidence originating from holography research (AdS/CFT) indicates that QEC should also be pertinent for conformal field theories. With this motivation in mind, we introduce quantum source-channel codes, which combine features of lossy compression and approximate quantum error correction, both of which are predicted in holography...
July 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740826/epicog-sch-a-brief-battery-to-screen-cognitive-impact-of-schizophrenia-in-stable-outpatients
#17
Silvia Zaragoza Domingo, Julio Bobes, Maria-Paz García-Portilla, Claudia Morralla
Brief batteries in schizophrenia, are needed to screen for the cognitive impact of schizophrenia. We aimed to validate and co-norm the Epidemiological Study of Cognitive Impairment in Schizophrenia (EPICOG-SCH) derived brief cognitive battery. A cross-sectional outpatient evaluation was conducted of six-hundred-seventy-two patients recruited from 234 centers. The brief battery included well-known subtests available worldwide that cover cognitive domains related to functional outcomes: WAIS-III-Letter-Number-Sequencing-LNS, Category Fluency Test-CFT, Logical-Memory Immediate Recall-LM, and Digit-Symbol-Coding-DSC...
June 2017: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740734/effect-of-topical-nepafenac-on-central-foveal-thickness-following-panretinal-photocoagulation-in-diabetic-patients
#18
Nahla B Abu Hussein, Ahmed A Mohalhal, Dalia A Ghalwash, Ahmed A Abdel-Kader
PURPOSE: To evaluate effectiveness of topical nepafenac in reducing macular edema following panretinal photocoagulation (PRP). DESIGN: Prospective randomized double-blinded controlled study. METHODS: Sixty eyes of 60 patients having proliferative or severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy had PRP. Patients were then divided into two groups: nepafenac group (30 eyes) receiving 1% topical nepafenac eye drops for 6 months and control group (30 eyes) receiving carboxymethylcellulose eye drops for 6 months...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731755/spacetime-symmetries-and-conformal-data-in-the-continuous-multiscale-entanglement-renormalization-ansatz
#19
Q Hu, G Vidal
The generalization of the multiscale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) to continuous systems, or cMERA [Haegeman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 100402 (2013)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.110.100402], is expected to become a powerful variational ansatz for the ground state of strongly interacting quantum field theories. In this Letter, we investigate, in the simpler context of Gaussian cMERA for free theories, the extent to which the cMERA state |Ψ^{Λ}⟩ with finite UV cutoff Λ can capture the spacetime symmetries of the ground state |Ψ⟩...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707904/floquet-dynamics-of-boundary-driven-systems-at-criticality
#20
William Berdanier, Michael Kolodrubetz, Romain Vasseur, Joel E Moore
A quantum critical system described at low energy by a conformal field theory (CFT) and subjected to a time-periodic boundary drive displays multiple dynamical regimes, depending on the drive frequency. We compute the behavior of quantities including the entanglement entropy and Loschmidt echo, confirming analytic predictions from field theory by exact numerics on the transverse field Ising model and demonstrate universality by adding nonintegrable perturbations. The dynamics naturally separate into three regimes: a slow-driving limit, which has an interpretation as multiple quantum quenches with amplitude corrections from CFT; a fast-driving limit, in which the system behaves as though subject to a single quantum quench; and a crossover regime displaying heating...
June 30, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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