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Respiratory disease antioxidant

Alexander N Shikov, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov
PURPOSE: Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen syn. A. mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim is evaluated for its medicinal application. The aim of this study is to analyze pharmacological studies on A. elata var. mandshurica published until December 2015. METHODS: The information regarding the chemistry, safety, effectiveness, and pharmacological and clinical effects of A. elata was systematically collected from the scientific literature through library catalogs; online services such as E-library...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Xianxiu Wan, Jian-Jun Wen, Sue-Jie Koo, Lisa Yi Liang, Nisha Jain Garg
Chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is presented by increased oxidative/inflammatory stress and decreased mitochondrial bioenergetics. SIRT1 senses the redox changes and integrates mitochondrial metabolism and inflammation; and SIRT1 deficiency may be a major determinant in CCM. To test this, C57BL/6 mice were infected with Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc), treated with SIRT1 agonists (resveratrol or SRT1720), and monitored during chronic phase (~150 days post-infection). Resveratrol treatment was partially beneficial in controlling the pathologic processes in Chagas disease...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Yujing Zhang, Yiyuan Zhang, Caigao Zhong, Fang Xiao
Hexavalent Chromium [Cr(VI)], which can be found of various uses in industries such as metallurgy and textile dying, can cause a number of human disease including inflammation and cancer. Unlike previous research that focused on Cr(VI)-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis, this study placed emphasis on premature senescence that can be induced by low-dose and long-term Cr(VI) exposure. We found Cr(VI) induced premature senescence in L-02 hepatocytes, as confirmed by increase in senescence associated-β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) activity...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ngonidzashe B Madungwe, Netanel F Zilberstein, Yansheng Feng, Jean C Bopassa
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation has been implicated in many pathologies including ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. This led to multiple studies on antioxidant therapies to treat cardiovascular diseases but paradoxically, results have so far been mixed as ROS production can be beneficial as a signaling mechanism and in cardiac protection via preconditioning interventions. We investigated whether the differential impact of increased ROS in injury as well as in protection could be explained by their site of production on the mitochondrial electron transport chain...
2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
Julie Mazzolini, Ralf J M Weber, Hsueh-Shih Chen, Abdullah Khan, Emily Guggenheim, Robert K Shaw, James K Chipman, Mark R Viant, Joshua Z Rappoport
Particles present in diesel exhaust have been proposed as a significant contributor to the development of acute and chronic lung diseases, including respiratory infection and allergic asthma. Nanoceria (CeO2 nanoparticles) are used to increase fuel efficiency in internal combustion engines, are present in exhaust fumes, and could affect cells of the airway. Components from the environment such as biologically derived proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids can form a dynamic layer, commonly referred to as the "protein corona" which alters cellular nanoparticle interactions and internalization...
August 2016: Biological Bulletin
Marisol Domínguez-Álvarez, Joaquim Gea, Esther Barreiro
We hypothesized that inflammatory events and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production may be differentially expressed in respiratory and limb muscles, and blood of a chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) experimental model and that antioxidants and TNF-alpha blockade may influence those events. In blood, diaphragm, and gastrocnemius of rats non-invasively exposed to CIH (10% hypoxia, two hours/day, 14 consecutive days) with/without concomitant treatment with either anti-TNF-alpha antibody (infliximab) or N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), inflammatory cytokines, superoxide anion production, muscle structural abnormalities, and fiber-type composition were assessed...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Benjamin Finkelhor Asher, Frederick Timothy Guilford
Context • Oxidative stress and tissue-damaging, oxygen (O2)-related, free-radical formation is inherent in human metabolism, and the tissues of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) have an increased exposure to injury from those substances. Because glutathione (GSH) is a major component in an antioxidant defense against oxidative damage in ENT tissues, a review of the impact of lowered GSH and oxidative stress in conditions associated with the upper respiratory tract is warranted. Objective • The review intended to summarize the role that oxidative stress and GSH play...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Masafumi Funamoto, Yoichi Sunagawa, Yasufumi Katanasaka, Yusuke Miyazaki, Atsushi Imaizumi, Hideaki Kakeya, Hajime Yamakage, Noriko Satoh-Asahara, Maki Komiyama, Hiromichi Wada, Koji Hasegawa, Tatsuya Morimoto
PURPOSE: COPD is mainly caused by tobacco smoking and is associated with a high frequency of coronary artery disease. There is growing recognition that the inflammation in COPD is not only confined to the lungs but also involves the systemic circulation and can impact nonpulmonary organs, including blood vessels. α1-antitrypsin-low-density lipoprotein (AT-LDL) complex is an oxidatively modified LDL that accelerates atherosclerosis. Curcumin, one of the best-investigated natural products, is a powerful antioxidant...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Pascale S J Lakey, Thomas Berkemeier, Haijie Tong, Andrea M Arangio, Kurt Lucas, Ulrich Pöschl, Manabu Shiraiwa
Air pollution can cause oxidative stress and adverse health effects such as asthma and other respiratory diseases, but the underlying chemical processes are not well characterized. Here we present chemical exposure-response relations between ambient concentrations of air pollutants and the production rates and concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) of the human respiratory tract. In highly polluted environments, fine particulate matter (PM2.5) containing redox-active transition metals, quinones, and secondary organic aerosols can increase ROS concentrations in the ELF to levels characteristic for respiratory diseases...
2016: Scientific Reports
M D C Carvalho, J F De Mesquita, E C A Eleutherio
The mitochondrial antioxidant enzyme Mn-Superoxide Dismutase (Sod2) is essential for mammalian survival. I82T mutation in human Sod2 has been linked to a wide variety of diseases, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases as well as some types of cancers. Yeast wild-type (WT) Sod2 and the mutant Sod2 I91T, which corresponds to the human mutant Sod2 I82T, were cloned in sod2Δ strain. Residue I82 is conserved among a variety of species, showing that it has a biological importance. To assess the functionality of Sod2 I91T under oxidative stress, yeast cells were shifted from glucose (fermentative metabolism) to glycerol growth medium (respiratory metabolism)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Solomon Habtemariam, Maria Daglia, Antoni Sureda, Eduardo Sobarzo-Sánchez, Zeliha Selamoglu, Mehmet Fuat Gulhan, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Melatonin is an indoleamine with potent multifunctional biological and pharmacological effects, both receptor dependent and receptor-independent effects, including antioxidant, anticancer, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-aging, anti-diabetic, antiviral, neuroprotective activities. Melatonin mitigates tissue injury via modification of abnormalities in redox status and other biochemical markers. At the molecular level, the biological and pharmacological activities of melatonin are attributed to the inhibition of nuclear factor-ĸappa beta (NF-ĸB), c-Fos over expression and down-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases-3 (MMP-3), which are regulators of pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic cytokines...
August 24, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Anna Salazar-Degracia, David Blanco, Mònica Vilà-Ubach, Gabriel de Biurrun, Carlos Ortiz de Solórzano, Luis M Montuenga, Esther Barreiro
BACKGROUND: Muscle wasting negatively impacts the progress of chronic diseases such as lung cancer (LC) and emphysema, which are in turn interrelated. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that muscle atrophy and body weight loss may develop in an experimental mouse model of lung carcinogenesis, that the profile of alterations in muscle fiber phenotype (fiber type composition and morphometry, muscle structural alterations, and nuclear apoptosis), and in muscle metabolism are similar in both respiratory and limb muscles of the tumor-bearing mice, and that the presence of underlying emphysema may influence those events...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Mohamed Saiyad Musthafa, Abdul Rahman Jawahar Ali, Abdul Rahuman Hyder Ali, Mohamed Jamal Mohamed, Mehrajuddin War, Mohamed Saquib Naveed, Mohammad K Al-Sadoon, Bilal Ahmad Paray, Kuppusamy Umaa Rani, Jesu Arockiaraj, Chellam Balasundaram, Ramasamy Harikrishnan
The effect of diet supplemented with Shilajit, a multi-component natural mineral substance on the antioxidant activity, immune response, and disease resistance in freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) against Aeromonas hydrophila is reported. The total hemocyte count (THC) and phagocytic activity significantly increased with 2 g kg(-1) supplemented diet on first week and with other enriched diets on weeks 2 and 4. The respiratory burst (RB) activity and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity were significantly increased with 2 g kg(-1) supplemented diet on weeks 1 and 2 whereas 2 and 4 g kg(-1) diets on week 4...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Yohei Sato, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Takashi Higuchi, Yohta Shimada, Hiroyuki Ida, Toya Ohashi
: : Pompe disease (PD) is a lysosomal storage disease that is caused by a deficiency of the acid α-glucosidase, which results in glycogen accumulation in the lysosome. The major clinical symptoms of PD include skeletal muscle weakness, respiratory failure, and cardiac hypertrophy. Based on its severity and symptom onset, PD is classified into infantile and late-onset forms. Lysosomal accumulation of glycogen can promote many types of cellular dysfunction, such as autophagic dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and abnormal calcium signaling within skeletal muscle...
August 18, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Yashoda M Hosakote, Allan R Brasier, Antonella Casola, Roberto P Garofalo, Alexander Kurosky
: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of lower respiratory tract infections in infant and elderly populations worldwide. Currently, there is no efficacious vaccine or therapy available for RSV infection. The molecular mechanisms underlying RSV-induced acute airway disease and associated long-term consequences remain largely unknown; however, experimental evidence suggests that the lung inflammatory response plays a fundamental role in the outcome of RSV infection. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear protein that triggers inflammation when released from activated immune or necrotic cells and drives the pathogenesis of various infectious agents...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
Maryline Moulin, Ana Ferreiro
Because of their contractile activity and their high oxygen consumption and metabolic rate, skeletal muscles continually produce moderate levels of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS), which increase during exercise and are buffered by multiple antioxidant systems to maintain redox homeostasis. Imbalance between ROS/RNS production and elimination results in oxidative stress (OxS), which has been implicated in aging and in numerous human diseases, including cancer, diabetes or age-related muscle loss (sarcopenia)...
August 12, 2016: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Zanmei Zhao, Dan Xu, Shuqiang Li, Bei He, Yixian Huang, Meishu Xu, Songrong Ren, Song Li, Hui Wang, Wen Xie
Liver X receptors (LXRs) were identified as receptors that sense oxidized cholesterol derivatives. LXRs are best known for their hepatic functions in regulating cholesterol metabolism and triglyceride synthesis, but whether and how LXRs play a role in the lung diseases is less understood. To study the function of LXRs in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we applied the oleic acid (OA) model of ARDS to mice whose LXR was genetically or pharmacologically activated. The VP-LXRα knock-in (LXR-KI) mice, in which a constitutively activated LXRα (VP-LXRα) was inserted into the mouse LXRα locus, were used as the genetic gain-of-function model...
October 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Phyllis J Goodman, Catherine M Tangen, Amy K Darke, Kathryn B Arnold, JoAnn Hartline, Monica Yee, Karen Anderson, Allison Caban-Holt, William G Christen, Patricia A Cassano, Peter Lance, Eric A Klein, John J Crowley, Lori M Minasian, Frank L Meyskens
BACKGROUND: The Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, prostate cancer prevention study funded by the National Cancer Institute and conducted by SWOG (Southwest Oncology Group). A total of 35,533 men were assigned randomly to one of four treatment groups (vitamin E + placebo, selenium + placebo, vitamin E + selenium, placebo + placebo). At the time of the trial's development, NIH had invested substantial resources in evaluating the potential benefits of these antioxidants...
2016: Trials
Artem P Gureev, Mikhail Yu Syromyatnikov, Tatyana M Gorbacheva, Anatoly A Starkov, Vasily N Popov
Age-related brain dysfunctions are frequently associated with deregulation of mitochondria functions and increased risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases (ND). Recently, a mitochondria-targeting drug methylene blue has been drawing considerable interest as a potential treatment for ND. We have compared the effect of MB treatment on the behavior, brain mitochondria reactive oxygen species generation, and gene expression in adult and aged mice. Aged mice manifested a decrease in physical endurance, spontaneous locomotor activity, and exploration concomitant with an increase in anxiety-related behavior, as compared to adult mice...
August 8, 2016: Neuroscience Research
B Popova, D Mitev, A Nikolov
Breast feeding provides a lot of short and long-term benefits for the mother and the baby. It prevents the baby of gastrointestinal, urinary and respiratory infections, atopical conditions and assures long-term protection of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The breast feeding decreases the risk for the mother of ovary and breast carcinoma and creates a positive emotional bond between the mother and the baby Mother's milk is a species specific; its content is relatively stable regardless of mother's age race, way and place of living...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
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