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Abdominal cocoon

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807019/abdominal-tuberculosis-an-old-disease-surprising-young-doctors
#1
Marta David Sousa, Joana Batista, Patricia Pacheco, Vitor Nunes
Tuberculosis remains a worldwide public health concern. Atypical extrapulmonary presentations may delay the diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of an adult woman admitted to the emergency department with bowel obstruction. The putative intraoperative diagnostic hypothesis was ovarian cancer with peritoneal dissemination. Histopathological analysis showed a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease with acid-fast bacilli. The patient was started on an alternative parenteral antituberculosis drug combination until oral feeding was available...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642301/idiopathic-sclerosing-encapsulating-peritonitis-a-rare-cause-of-subacute-intestinal-obstruction
#2
Mei Chin Lim, Niketa Chandrakant Chotai, Danilo Medina Giron
We present a case of a previously healthy 50-year-old gentleman who had recurrent vomiting and abdominal pain of two-month duration. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with abdominal cocoon on computed tomography. Idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, also known as abdominal cocoon, is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction. Visualization of variable encasement of the small bowel loops by a characteristic membranous sac, either preoperatively with cross-sectional imaging or intraoperatively, is the key to diagnosis...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358524/abdominal-cocoon-cauliflower-sign-on-ct-scan
#3
Mohammad Ibrarullah, Tapas Mishra
A case of an abdominal cocoon that showed a characteristic "cauliflower sign" on CT scan has been presented.
June 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356816/abdominal-cocoon-primary-sclerosing-encapsulating-peritonitis
#4
Shahab Abid, Fakhar Ali Qazi Arisar, Wasim Ahmed Memon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355679/entomophytophagy-sequential-predatory-then-phytophagous-behaviour-in-an-indian-braconid-parasitoid-wasp-hymenoptera-specialized-larval-morphology-biology-and-description-of-a-new-species
#5
A P Ranjith, Donald L J Quicke, U K A Saleem, Buntika A Butcher, Alejandro Zaldívar-Riverón, M Nasser
The vast majority of braconid wasps are parasitoids of other insects. Although a few cases of pure phytophagy (primary gall production and seed predation) are known, no previous entomophytophagous species (i.e. ones that display entomophagy and phytophagy sequentially), has been discovered among braconids. We describe the detailed biology and specialized larval morphology for the first confirmed entomophytophagous braconid species. Leaf galls on Garuga pinnata Roxb. (Burseraceae) in India, induced by the psyllid, Phacopteron lentiginosum Buckton (Hemiptera: Psylloidea, Phacopteronidae) were sampled throughout a period of several months and found to suffer a high level of attack by a new species Bracon garugaphagae Ranjith & Quicke which is here described and illustrated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239122/idiopathic-abdominal-cocoon-syndrome-with-unilateral-abdominal-cryptorchidism-and-greater-omentum-hypoplasia-in-a-young-case-of-small-bowel-obstruction
#7
Xiang Fei, Hai-Rui Yang, Peng-Fei Yu, Hai-Bo Sheng, Guo-Li Gu
Abdominal cocoon syndrome (ACS) is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction due to total or partial encapsulation of the small intestine by a fibrocollagenous membrane. Idiopathic ACS with abdominal cryptorchidism and greater omentum hypoplasia is even rarer clinically. We successfully treated a 26-year-old male case of small bowel obstruction with acute peritonitis. He was finally diagnosed with idiopathic ACS with unilateral abdominal cryptorchidism and greater omentum hypoplasia during exploratory laparotomy...
May 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226904/sclerosing-encapsulating-peritonitis-review
#8
REVIEW
Norman O Machado
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare chronic inflammatory condition of the peritoneum with an unknown aetiology. Also known as abdominal cocoon, the condition occurs when loops of the bowel are encased within the peritoneal cavity by a membrane, leading to intestinal obstruction. Due to its rarity and non-specific clinical features, it is often misdiagnosed. The condition presents with recurrent episodes of small bowel obstruction and can be idiopathic or secondary; the latter is associated with predisposing factors such as peritoneal dialysis or abdominal tuberculosis...
May 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27067218/-a-case-of-encapsulating-of-peritoneal-sclerosis-with-fast-and-ominous-evolution
#9
Gioacchino Li Cavoli, Angelo Tralongo, Nazzarena Arena, Baldassare Scaturro, Filippo Carollo, Tancredi Vincenzo Li Cavoli, Pietro Tralongo, Ugo Rotolo
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare and life-threatening complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis and until now, there is no established medical treatment for it. Many factors have been incriminated in its pathogenesis but they do not explain all risk conditions. EPS is significantly associated with PD duration, particularly more than 5 years, however the relationship between long-term PD and EPS increased risk is currently unknown. The "two-hit hypothesis" analyzes the relationship between the histological changes Peritoneal Dialysis-induced and intercurrent acute inflammatory episodes, but it does not explain the transition from Sclerosis Simple to EPS...
March 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000863/the-abdominal-cocoon
#10
REVIEW
Dinesh Singh, Ashish Chawla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26987966/abdominal-cocoon-a-rare-cause-of-intestinal-obstruction
#11
Azahara Illán Riquelme, Julio Camacho Lozano, Hama Abdalahi, Carlos Calado Leal, Juana Huertas Riquelme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872755/luteinized-thecomas-thecomatosis-with-sclerosing-peritonitis-ltsp-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-an-enigmatic-syndrome-associated-with-a-peritoneal-proliferation-of-specialized-vimentin-keratin-cd34-submesothelial-fibroblasts
#12
REVIEW
Alon D Altman, James R Bentley, Paula V Rittenberg, Shawn K Murray
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinicopathologic features of two cases of luteinized thecomas with sclerosing peritonitis (LTSP), characterize the cellular proliferation in the sclerosing peritonitis (SP), and review the literature. METHODS: The clinical, laboratory, and imaging data, operative findings, and pathology materials were reviewed and summarized. Samples of the SP were stained with keratin AE1/AE3, vimentin, CD34, calretinin, smooth muscle actin, ER/PR, CD10 and desmin...
January 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26718649/the-therapeutic-potential-of-human-umbilical-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-wharton-s-jelly-in-the-treatment-of-rat-peritoneal-dialysis-induced-fibrosis
#13
Yu-Pei Fan, Ching-Chih Hsia, Kuang-Wen Tseng, Chih-Kai Liao, Tz-Win Fu, Tsui-Ling Ko, Mei-Miao Chiu, Yang-Hsin Shih, Pei-Yu Huang, Yi-Chia Chiang, Chih-Ching Yang, Yu-Show Fu
A major complication in continuous, ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in patients with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) is peritoneal fibrosis, which can result in peritoneal structural changes and functional ultrafiltration failure. Human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs) in Wharton's jelly possess stem cell properties and are easily obtained and processed. This study focuses on the effects of HUMSCs on peritoneal fibrosis in in vitro and in vivo experiments...
February 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26710487/abdominal-cocoon-an-enigma
#14
Md Aeja Habeeb, Sandeep K Vishwakarma, Mohd Abdul Wajid, Avinash Bardia, Aleem A Khan, N Bheerappa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: Tropical Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607132/abdominal-cocoon-syndrome-caused-by-mycobacterium-bovis-from-consumption-of-unpasteurised-cow-s-milk
#15
Ram Venkatesh Anantha, Marina I Salvadori, Mohammad H Hussein, Neil Merritt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26448420/abdominal-cocoon-with-imaging-findings-importance-of-radiology
#16
A Aslan, V Karagöz, I Inan, J Sağıroğlu, M Acar
Abdominal cocoon is a rare disease characterized by a thick fibrous membrane surrounding and compressing the small intestines completely or partially, which results in mechanical small bowel obstruction. The clinical findings of the disease include recurrent ileus and subileus episodes, colicky abdominal pain, weight loss, and abdominal distension. The etiology and pathogenesis of abdominal cocoon is not clearly defined. Detection of the disease is essential for accurate treatment. Imaging modalities come into prominence due to the nonspecific clinical findings of the disease...
July 2015: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26082852/intestinal-obstruction-due-to-idiopathic-sclerosing-encapsulating-peritonitis-a-case-report
#17
Ridvan Yavuz, Sami Akbulut, Mehmet Babur, Firat Demircan
INTRODUCTION: Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is characterized by partial or complete encasement of small intestine by a thick fibrocollagenous membrane. Depending on underlying causes, SEP is divided into primary and secondary forms. Idiopathic SEP is also called idiopathic or abdominal cocoon syndrome. Herein we presented a case of idiopathic SEP. CASE PRESENTATION: A 90-year-old male patient presented to our emergency department with signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction and dehydration...
May 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26064894/methylglyoxal-induced-basophilic-spindle-cells-with-podoplanin-at-the-surface-of-peritoneum-in-rat-peritoneal-dialysis-model
#18
Ichiro Hirahara, Hideki Sato, Toshimi Imai, Akira Onishi, Yoshiyuki Morishita, Shigeaki Muto, Eiji Kusano, Daisuke Nagata
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a common treatment for patients with reduced or absent renal function. Long-term PD leads to peritoneal injury with structural changes and functional decline. At worst, peritoneal injury leads to encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), which is a serious complication of PD. In order to carry out PD safely, it is important to define the mechanism of progression of peritoneal injury and EPS. We prepared rat models of peritoneal injury by intraperitoneal administration of glucose degradation products, such as methylglyoxal (MGO) or formaldehyde (FA), chlorhexidine gluconate (CG), and talc...
2015: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25963367/a-rare-case-of-abdominal-cocoon-presenting-as-umbilical-hernia
#19
Yu Zhang, Wei-Dong Liu, Jian-Tai He, Qin Liu, Deng-Gao Zhai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25951614/cocoon-abdomen-a-rare-cause-of-intestinal-obstruction
#20
Zia Ur Rehman
INTRODUCTION: Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis or abdominal cocoon is a rare condition of unknown etiology in which intestinal obstruction result from encasement of variable length of bowel by dense fibro collagenous membrane. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A case of young male is reported who presented with features of small bowel obstruction with tender mass in the right iliac fossa. CT scan suggested features of internal herniation. On exploration, he was found to have small intestine, large intestine, stomach and liver covered with a thick cocoon like membrane...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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