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Abdominal cocoon

Vishal Sharma, Harshal S Mandavdhare, Surinder S Rana, Harjeet Singh, Amit Kumar, Rajesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (Abdominal cocoon) is an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction and tuberculosis is an important etiology. Appropriate management of this entity is still uncertain. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of patients with abdominal cocoon who were seen over a two year period at a tertiary care center in North India. We included patients with tubercular abdominal cocoon (TAC) who were managed primarily with antitubercular therapy in the present report...
March 24, 2017: Infection
Yongyuan Cheng, Lintao Qu, Jun Li, Bin Wang, Junzu Geng, Dong Xing
RATIONALE: Abdominal cocoon and peritoneal loose body are both rare abdominal diseases. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient reported in this case was a 47-year-old man who suffered from abdominal pain and distension for 3 days. DIAGNOSIS: X-ray, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple peritoneal loose body and small bowel obstruction, characterized by a total encapsulation of the small bowel with a fibrous membrane...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Christopher M Bell, Benjamin W Dart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
Jimil Shah, Amit Kumar, Harjeet Singh, Roshan Agarwala, Vishal Sharma, Surinder S Rana
Abdominal cocoon, also termed sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, is an uncommon entity associated with formation of a fibro-collagenous membrane around intestinal loops resulting in intestinal obstruction. Most reported cases are idiopathic, but many other causes have been implicated in cocoon formation, including use of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, peritoneal tuberculosis, and connective tissue disease. However, peritoneal carcinomatosis is a rarely reported entity that causes this condition...
February 13, 2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Dzmitry Fursevich, Jeremy Burt
Abdominal cocoon syndrome, or sclerosing peritonitis, is a rare condition characterized by encasement of small bowel loops by a thick fibrous scar. It most commonly presents as nonspecific vague chronic abdominal pain and weight loss, and is difficult to recognize clinically until the patient develops symptoms of bowel obstruction. We present a case of abdominal cocoon syndrome in a 65-year-old female and describe its clinical, imaging, and pathologic features.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Sheng Li, Jun-Jiang Wang, Wei-Xian Hu, Mou-Cheng Zhang, Xian-Yan Liu, Yong Li, Guan-Fu Cai, Sen-Lin Liu, Xue-Qing Yao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Abdominal cocoon (AC) is a rare abdominal disease with nonspecific clinical features, and it is difficult to be diagnosed before operation and hard to be treated in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnosis and treatment of AC. METHODS: The clinical manifestations, findings during surgery, treatments, and follow-up results of 26 cases of AC were retrospectively studied from January 2001 to January 2015. RESULTS: All of 26 cases were diagnosed as AC definitely by laparotomy or laparoscopic surgery...
January 3, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
Tansu Altintas, İnanç Şamil Sarıcı, Mustafa Uygar Kalaycı
INTRODUCTION: Transmesenteric internal hernia is defined as the herniation of the small intestine from a mesenteric defect in the abdominal cavity, and abdominal cocoon syndrome is the partial or entire encapsulation of the small bowel like the shape of an accordion, by a fibrocollagenous membrane. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 32-year old male patient applied with complaints of abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting bile. Signs visualized in the abdominal computer tomography were as follows: gatto formation of the small intestinal loops and suspected of an internal hernia...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Marta David Sousa, Joana Batista, Patricia Pacheco, Vitor Nunes
Tuberculosis remains a worldwide public health concern. Atypical extrapulmonary presentations may delay the diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of an adult woman admitted to the emergency department with bowel obstruction. The putative intraoperative diagnostic hypothesis was ovarian cancer with peritoneal dissemination. Histopathological analysis showed a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease with acid-fast bacilli. The patient was started on an alternative parenteral antituberculosis drug combination until oral feeding was available...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Mei Chin Lim, Niketa Chandrakant Chotai, Danilo Medina Giron
We present a case of a previously healthy 50-year-old gentleman who had recurrent vomiting and abdominal pain of two-month duration. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with abdominal cocoon on computed tomography. Idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, also known as abdominal cocoon, is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction. Visualization of variable encasement of the small bowel loops by a characteristic membranous sac, either preoperatively with cross-sectional imaging or intraoperatively, is the key to diagnosis...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Mohammad Ibrarullah, Tapas Mishra
A case of an abdominal cocoon that showed a characteristic "cauliflower sign" on CT scan has been presented.
June 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Shahab Abid, Fakhar Ali Qazi Arisar, Wasim Ahmed Memon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
A P Ranjith, Donald L J Quicke, U K A Saleem, Buntika A Butcher, Alejandro Zaldívar-Riverón, M Nasser
The vast majority of braconid wasps are parasitoids of other insects. Although a few cases of pure phytophagy (primary gall production and seed predation) are known, no previous entomophytophagous species (i.e. ones that display entomophagy and phytophagy sequentially), has been discovered among braconids. We describe the detailed biology and specialized larval morphology for the first confirmed entomophytophagous braconid species. Leaf galls on Garuga pinnata Roxb. (Burseraceae) in India, induced by the psyllid, Phacopteron lentiginosum Buckton (Hemiptera: Psylloidea, Phacopteronidae) were sampled throughout a period of several months and found to suffer a high level of attack by a new species Bracon garugaphagae Ranjith & Quicke which is here described and illustrated...
2016: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Xiang Fei, Hai-Rui Yang, Peng-Fei Yu, Hai-Bo Sheng, Guo-Li Gu
Abdominal cocoon syndrome (ACS) is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction due to total or partial encapsulation of the small intestine by a fibrocollagenous membrane. Idiopathic ACS with abdominal cryptorchidism and greater omentum hypoplasia is even rarer clinically. We successfully treated a 26-year-old male case of small bowel obstruction with acute peritonitis. He was finally diagnosed with idiopathic ACS with unilateral abdominal cryptorchidism and greater omentum hypoplasia during exploratory laparotomy...
May 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Norman O Machado
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare chronic inflammatory condition of the peritoneum with an unknown aetiology. Also known as abdominal cocoon, the condition occurs when loops of the bowel are encased within the peritoneal cavity by a membrane, leading to intestinal obstruction. Due to its rarity and non-specific clinical features, it is often misdiagnosed. The condition presents with recurrent episodes of small bowel obstruction and can be idiopathic or secondary; the latter is associated with predisposing factors such as peritoneal dialysis or abdominal tuberculosis...
May 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Gioacchino Li Cavoli, Angelo Tralongo, Nazzarena Arena, Baldassare Scaturro, Filippo Carollo, Tancredi Vincenzo Li Cavoli, Pietro Tralongo, Ugo Rotolo
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare and life-threatening complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis and until now, there is no established medical treatment for it. Many factors have been incriminated in its pathogenesis but they do not explain all risk conditions. EPS is significantly associated with PD duration, particularly more than 5 years, however the relationship between long-term PD and EPS increased risk is currently unknown. The "two-hit hypothesis" analyzes the relationship between the histological changes Peritoneal Dialysis-induced and intercurrent acute inflammatory episodes, but it does not explain the transition from Sclerosis Simple to EPS...
March 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Dinesh Singh, Ashish Chawla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Azahara Illán Riquelme, Julio Camacho Lozano, Hama Abdalahi, Carlos Calado Leal, Juana Huertas Riquelme
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Cirugía Española
Alon D Altman, James R Bentley, Paula V Rittenberg, Shawn K Murray
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinicopathologic features of two cases of luteinized thecomas with sclerosing peritonitis (LTSP), characterize the cellular proliferation in the sclerosing peritonitis (SP), and review the literature. METHODS: The clinical, laboratory, and imaging data, operative findings, and pathology materials were reviewed and summarized. Samples of the SP were stained with keratin AE1/AE3, vimentin, CD34, calretinin, smooth muscle actin, ER/PR, CD10 and desmin...
January 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Yu-Pei Fan, Ching-Chih Hsia, Kuang-Wen Tseng, Chih-Kai Liao, Tz-Win Fu, Tsui-Ling Ko, Mei-Miao Chiu, Yang-Hsin Shih, Pei-Yu Huang, Yi-Chia Chiang, Chih-Ching Yang, Yu-Show Fu
A major complication in continuous, ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in patients with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) is peritoneal fibrosis, which can result in peritoneal structural changes and functional ultrafiltration failure. Human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs) in Wharton's jelly possess stem cell properties and are easily obtained and processed. This study focuses on the effects of HUMSCs on peritoneal fibrosis in in vitro and in vivo experiments...
February 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
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