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Abdominal cocoon

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719475/first-description-of-the-larva-of-dinaraea-thomson-1858-with-comments-on-chaetotaxy-pupa-and-life-history-based-on-two-saproxylic-species-from-europe-staphylinidae-aleocharinae-athetini
#1
Bernard Staniec, Ewa Pietrykowska-Tudruj, Krzysztof Pawlęga
The paper describes the morphological ultrastructure of the previously unknown early (L1) and late larval instars (L2-3) of Dinaraea , including chaetotaxy, pupal cocoon, prepupa, and pupa, based on the saproxylic species D. aequata Erichson and D. linearis Gravenhorst. Diagnostic larval characters for the genus Dinaraea are given for the first time. Morphological differences between mature larvae of these two species relate to the colouration and degree of flattening of the body, details of antennal structure, anterior margin of the labrum, mandibles, and mala...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602067/the-use-of-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-abdominal-cocoon
#2
Ujjwal Gorsi, Pankaj Gupta, Harshal S Mandavdhare, Harjeet Singh, Usha Dutta, Vishal Sharma
BACKGROUND: Literature on the diagnosis of abdominal cocoon using computed tomography (CT) outside the setting of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis is sparse. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of contrast enhanced CT done for patients treated for abdominal cocoon. The clinical features, radiological findings, underlying etiology and outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: Of the 22 patients analyzed, 19 had tuberculosis, 2 had malignancy and 1 was idiopathic...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417033/abdominal-cocoon-a-rare-etiology-of-intestinal-obstruction
#3
Amol Jagdale, Shopnil Prasla, Saurav Mittal
Abdominal cocoon is one of the rare causes of intestinal obstruction. It is referred as complete or partial small bowel encapsulation caused by the thick fibrocollagenous membrane. It is most common in young adolescent girls. We present a 40-year-old male patient with idiopathic abdominal cocoon. Few cases of male patients suffering from idiopathic abdominal cocoon have been reported in literature.
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260698/-abdominal-cocoon-syndrome-in-an-eigth-year-old-girl-caused-acute-bowel-obstruction
#4
Johan Tolstrup, Morten Laksáfoss Lauritsen
This case report describes an eight-year-old girl who was admitted under the suspicion of gastroenteritis. The physical examination revealed symptoms of acute bowel obstruction, which was confirmed by abdominal CT scan. Explorative laparotomy showed a fibrotic membrane encapsulating the small intestine causing obstruction and ischaemia, and the perioperative diagnosis was abdominal cocoon syndrome. Two metres of the small intestine, excessive peritoneal membrane and the appendix was resected and an ileostomy was performed...
December 11, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130227/-recognition-of-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-small-intestinal-obstruction
#5
Qiyi Chen, Jun Jiang
Small intestinal obstruction is a common and frequent disease in general surgery. Delayed diagnosis and surgical timing, and inaccurate treatment strategy will lead to life-threatening complications. Therefore, how to diagnose and treat quickly and accurately is still a difficult problem in current gastrointestinal surgery. This paper summarizes and analyzes the diagnosis and treatment strategies of small intestinal obstruction based on current laboratory technology, medical imaging technology, perioperative management and improvement of surgical concepts...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894397/fauna-europaea-hymenoptera-symphyta-ichneumonoidea
#6
Kees van Achterberg, Andreas Taeger, Stephan M Blank, Kees Zwakhals, Matti Viitasaari, Dicky Sick Ki Yu, Yde de Jong
Fauna Europaea provides a public web-service with an index of scientific names (including important synonyms) of all extant European terrestrial and freshwater animals, their geographical distribution at the level of countries and major islands (west of the Urals and excluding the Caucasus region), and some additional information. The Fauna Europaea project comprises about 230,000 taxonomic names, including 130,000 accepted species and 14,000 accepted subspecies, which is much more than the originally projected number of 100,000 species...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877790/abdominal-cocoon-an-unusual-case-of-bowel-obstruction
#7
Christopher M Bell, Benjamin W Dart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822366/trauma-associated-abdominal-cocoon-demonstration-of-radiographic-evolution
#8
Morgan A Brown, Brooke Schermerhorn, Cassandra White, William Bates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759335/tubercular-abdominal-cocoon-systematic-review-of-an-uncommon-form-of-tuberculosis
#9
REVIEW
Vishal Sharma, Harjeet Singh, Harshal S Mandavdhare
BACKGROUND: Abdominal cocoon formation is an uncommon manifestation of abdominal tuberculosis that is characterized by the formation of a fibrous membrane-like sac around the small intestinal loops. Appropriate treatment and outcomes are uncertain Objectives: To review the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcomes for tubercular abdominal cocoon (TAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included studies published in the English language and listed in EMBASE or PubMed...
August 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684645/idiopathic-abdominal-cocoon-a-rare-presentation-of-small-bowel-obstruction-in-a-virgin-abdomen-how-much-do-we-know
#10
Marwa Al-Azzawi, Rashid Al-Alawi
Abdominal cocoon is an extremely rare condition that has been mainly associated with young adolescent women. It was first described in 1978 by Foo et al We present here a case that describes an otherwise healthy adult man who presented with intestinal obstruction and was found to have an abdominal cocoon, also known as a peritoneal sac. The patient was taken for a laparotomy and the sac was released through blunt dissection along the avascular planes. He was discharged in good condition 3 days postoperatively...
July 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559702/tubercular-abdominal-cocoon-in-children-a-single-centre-study-in-remote-area-of-northern-india
#11
Rikki Singal, B Satyashree, Amit Mittal, Bhanu Pratap Sharma, Samita Singal, Muzzafarr Zaman, Parteek Shardha
BACKGROUND: Amongst the numerous causes of intestinal obstruction listed in the literature, sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis also called Abdominal Cocoon (AC) is one of the rarest entities. Its characteristic feature is a thick fibrotic membrane encasing varying lengths of the small and large gut in a cocoon. In India, there is an increasing incidence of tuberculosis, especially in the rural areas. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical presentation and evaluate the operative findings of tuberculous AC...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341896/role-of-conservative-management-in-tubercular-abdominal-cocoon-a-case-series
#12
Vishal Sharma, Harshal S Mandavdhare, Surinder S Rana, Harjeet Singh, Amit Kumar, Rajesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (Abdominal cocoon) is an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction and tuberculosis is an important etiology. Appropriate management of this entity is still uncertain. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of patients with abdominal cocoon who were seen over a two year period at a tertiary care center in North India. We included patients with tubercular abdominal cocoon (TAC) who were managed primarily with antitubercular therapy in the present report...
October 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248873/abdominal-cocoon-accompanied-by-multiple-peritoneal-loose-body
#13
Yongyuan Cheng, Lintao Qu, Jun Li, Bin Wang, Junzu Geng, Dong Xing
RATIONALE: Abdominal cocoon and peritoneal loose body are both rare abdominal diseases. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient reported in this case was a 47-year-old man who suffered from abdominal pain and distension for 3 days. DIAGNOSIS: X-ray, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple peritoneal loose body and small bowel obstruction, characterized by a total encapsulation of the small bowel with a fibrous membrane...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206919/abdominal-cocoon-an-unusual-case-of-bowel-obstruction
#14
Christopher M Bell, Benjamin W Dart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190800/cocoon-carcinomatosa-an-unusual-cause-of-intestinal-obstruction
#15
Jimil Shah, Amit Kumar, Harjeet Singh, Roshan Agarwala, Vishal Sharma, Surinder S Rana
Abdominal cocoon, also termed sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, is an uncommon entity associated with formation of a fibro-collagenous membrane around intestinal loops resulting in intestinal obstruction. Most reported cases are idiopathic, but many other causes have been implicated in cocoon formation, including use of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, peritoneal tuberculosis, and connective tissue disease. However, peritoneal carcinomatosis is a rarely reported entity that causes this condition...
March 22, 2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116665/abdominal-cocoon-syndrome-a-rare-cause-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain
#16
Dzmitry Fursevich, Jeremy Burt
Abdominal cocoon syndrome, or sclerosing peritonitis, is a rare condition characterized by encasement of small bowel loops by a thick fibrous scar. It most commonly presents as nonspecific vague chronic abdominal pain and weight loss, and is difficult to recognize clinically until the patient develops symptoms of bowel obstruction. We present a case of abdominal cocoon syndrome in a 65-year-old female and describe its clinical, imaging, and pathologic features.
July 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050667/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-26-cases-of-abdominal-cocoon
#17
Sheng Li, Jun-Jiang Wang, Wei-Xian Hu, Mou-Cheng Zhang, Xian-Yan Liu, Yong Li, Guan-Fu Cai, Sen-Lin Liu, Xue-Qing Yao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Abdominal cocoon (AC) is a rare abdominal disease with nonspecific clinical features, and it is difficult to be diagnosed before operation and hard to be treated in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnosis and treatment of AC. METHODS: The clinical manifestations, findings during surgery, treatments, and follow-up results of 26 cases of AC were retrospectively studied from January 2001 to January 2015. RESULTS: All of 26 cases were diagnosed as AC definitely by laparotomy or laparoscopic surgery...
May 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040668/an-association-between-transmesenteric-internal-hernia-and-abdominal-cocoon-syndrome-a-case-report
#18
Tansu Altintas, İnanç Şamil Sarıcı, Mustafa Uygar Kalaycı
INTRODUCTION: Transmesenteric internal hernia is defined as the herniation of the small intestine from a mesenteric defect in the abdominal cavity, and abdominal cocoon syndrome is the partial or entire encapsulation of the small bowel like the shape of an accordion, by a fibrocollagenous membrane. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 32-year old male patient applied with complaints of abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting bile. Signs visualized in the abdominal computer tomography were as follows: gatto formation of the small intestinal loops and suspected of an internal hernia...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807019/abdominal-tuberculosis-an-old-disease-surprising-young-doctors
#19
Marta David Sousa, Joana Batista, Patricia Pacheco, Vitor Nunes
Tuberculosis remains a worldwide public health concern. Atypical extrapulmonary presentations may delay the diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of an adult woman admitted to the emergency department with bowel obstruction. The putative intraoperative diagnostic hypothesis was ovarian cancer with peritoneal dissemination. Histopathological analysis showed a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease with acid-fast bacilli. The patient was started on an alternative parenteral antituberculosis drug combination until oral feeding was available...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642301/idiopathic-sclerosing-encapsulating-peritonitis-a-rare-cause-of-subacute-intestinal-obstruction
#20
Mei Chin Lim, Niketa Chandrakant Chotai, Danilo Medina Giron
We present a case of a previously healthy 50-year-old gentleman who had recurrent vomiting and abdominal pain of two-month duration. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with abdominal cocoon on computed tomography. Idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, also known as abdominal cocoon, is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction. Visualization of variable encasement of the small bowel loops by a characteristic membranous sac, either preoperatively with cross-sectional imaging or intraoperatively, is the key to diagnosis...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
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