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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108022/risk-factors-for-hiv-infection-among-female-sex-workers-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#1
Jean De Dieu Longo, Marcel Mbeko Simaleko, Henri Saint-Calvaire Diemer, Gérard Grésenguet, Gilles Brücker, Laurent Belec
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were i) to categorize female sex workers (FSW) according to socio-anthropologic criteria in Bangui; ii) to examine the association between a selection of demographic and risk variables with the different categories of female sex work as outcome, and iii) to investigate factors associated with HIV status. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted to describe the spectrum of commercial sex work in Bangui among 345 sexually active women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093657/hotel-smoking-policies-and-their-implementation-a-survey-of-california-hotel-managers
#2
Joy M Zakarian, Penelope J E Quintana, Carl H Winston, Georg E Matt
Background: Most states in the U.S. permit hotels to allow smoking in some guest rooms, and only five (Indiana, Michigan, North Dakota, Vermont, and Wisconsin) require that all hotel and motel rooms be 100% smoke-free (State and local 100% smokefree hotel and motel guest room laws enacted as of July 3, 2017). Little is known, however, about how hotels' smoking policies have been implemented. This study examined hotels' smoking policies and their implementation. Methods: A telephone survey of a random sample of 383 California hotel managers was conducted...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092678/spectrum-of-female-commercial-sex-work-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#3
Jean De Dieu Longo, Marcel Mbéko Simaléko, Richard Ngbale, Gérard Grésenguet, Gilles Brücker, Laurent Bélec
Classification of professional and non-professional female sex workers (FSWs) into different categories, never previously reported in the Central African Republic (CAR), may be useful to assess the dynamics of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, design operational intervention programmes to combat HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and to adapt these programmes to the broad spectrum of sexual transactions in the CAR. Our study proposes a socio-behavioural classification of FSWs living in the CAR and engaged in transactional and commercial sex...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063618/vulnerability-of-employees-in-businesses-with-fewer-than-five-workers-micro-enterprises-to-occupational-safety-and-health-problems
#4
Jungsun Park, Jong-Shik Park, Boyoung Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the characteristics of micro-enterprises (businesses with fewer than five workers) focusing on occupational safety and health (OSH) issues. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from the Economically Active Population Supplementary Survey and the fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2014. RESULTS: Relative to larger businesses, micro-enterprises employ more women, temporary workers, and older workers (>55 years)...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926912/waste-treatment-and-energy-production-from-small-scale-wastewater-digesters
#5
Stephanie Lansing, Ayella Maile-Moskowitz, Alexander Eaton
Three tubular anaerobic digestion (AD) systems were installed in Haiti to treat black water (toilet-based wastewater), including a three cell 36m(3) clinic digester (CD), a two cell 2m(3) hotel digester (HD), and a three-cell 3m(3) farm digester (FD) for worker use. During digestion, total coliforms were reduced by 99.1%, E. coli by 98.5%, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) by 93.6%. Nutrients in the effluent averaged 99.4mg/L NH4(+) and 10.6mg/L PO4(2-), producing an effective organic fertilizer. Average biogas production in CD was 108L/d, with 65...
December 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832290/sexual-and-reproductive-health-outcomes-among-female-sex-workers-in-johannesburg-and-pretoria-south-africa-recommendations-for-public-health-programmes
#6
Mariette Slabbert, Francois Venter, Cynthia Gay, Corine Roelofsen, Samanta Lalla-Edward, Helen Rees
BACKGROUND: The sexual and reproductive health (SRH) status of female sex workers is influenced by a wide range of demographic, behavioural and structural factors. These factors vary considerably across and even within settings. Adopting an overly standardised approach to sex worker programmes may compromise its impact on some sub-groups in local areas. METHODS: Records of female sex workers attending clinic-, community-, or hotel-based health services in Johannesburg (n = 1422 women) and Pretoria (n = 408 women), South Africa were analysed...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812456/value-congruence-control-sense-of-community-and-demands-as-determinants-of-burnout-syndrome-among-hospitality-workers
#7
Ángela Asensio-Martínez, Michael P Leiter, Santiago Gascón, Stephanie Gumuchian, Bárbara Masluk, Paola Herrera-Mercadal, Agustín Albesa, Javier García-Campayo
Employees working in the hospitality industry are constantly exposed to occupational stressors that may lead employees into experiencing burnout syndrome. Research addressing the interactive effects of control, community and value congruence to alleviate the impact of workplace demands on experiencing burnout is relatively limited. The present study examined relationships among control, community and value congruence, workplace demands and the three components of burnout. A sample of 418 employees working in a variety of hospitality associations including restaurants and hotels in Spain were recruited...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804674/systematic-differences-in-hiv-syphilis-and-risk-behaviors-among-street-based-and-establishment-based-female-sex-workers-in-kathmandu-valley-of-nepal
#8
Sampurna Kakchapati, Tarun Paudel, Manju Maharjan, Apiradee Lim
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are main drivers of the HIV epidemic in Nepal. The work environment of sex work in Nepal is differentiated into establishment based (e.g. massage parlors, dance restaurants, hotels and lodges) and street based (e.g. streets, parks and markets). The study compares HIV, syphilis and risk behaviours among establishment-based FSWs and street-based FSWs in Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional bio-behavioral surveys in 2006, 2008, 2011 and 2015 aimed to sample 2093 FSWs using two stage cluster sampling in the Kathmandu valley...
December 2016: Nepal Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799462/a-typology-of-female-sex-work-in-the-metropolitan-region-of-santiago-chile
#9
Julieta Belmar, Valeria Stuardo, Cinta Folch, Bielka Carvajal, Maria José Clunes, Alexandra Montoliu, Jordi Casabona
In Chile, sex work takes place covertly in a variety of venues and locations. Formative research using time-location sampling methods is important in order to understand the nature of this diversity. This study used qualitative methods to develop a typology of female sex work in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, Chile, using semi-structured interviews, focus groups and ethnographic fieldwork during visits to sex work venues. The study identified seven types of venue, which reflect the context and regulatory framework of the country and the structural vulnerabilities that affect female sex workers in Chile...
August 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260751/sexual-lifestyle-risk-factors-and-socioeconomic-status-of-the-std-patients-in-bangladesh
#10
A K Nandi, K J Hossain, A S Islam
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasing alarmingly with time among the young-adults in Bangladesh. The objective of the study was to investigate Sexual lifestyle, Risk Factors and Socioeconomic Status of the STD Patients. A total of 205 STD patients were selected following convenient method of sampling consistent with defined selection criteria from outpatient department of Skin and Venereal Disease of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh. Period of data collection was from July 2014 to June 2015...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924242/estimates-of-the-number-of-workers-exposed-to-diesel-engine-exhaust-in-south-korea-from-1993-to-2013
#11
Sangjun Choi, Donguk Park, Seung Won Kim, Kwonchul Ha, Hyejung Jung, Gwangyong Yi, Dong-Hee Koh, Deokmook Park, Oknam Sun, Sanni Uuksulainen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the number of workers exposed to diesel engine exhaust (DEE) by industry and year in the Republic of Korea. METHOD: The estimates of workers potentially exposed to DEE in the Republic of Korea were calculated by industry on the basis of the carcinogen exposure (CAREX) surveillance system. The data on the labor force employed in DEE exposure industries were obtained from the Census on Establishments conducted by the Korea National Statistical Office from 1993 to 2013...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676807/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-low-back-pain-among-hospital-staff-in-a-university-hospital-in-lebanon
#12
Khalil Ghoussoub, Alain El Asmar, Gaby Kreichati, Sawma Wakim, Mayla Bakhache, Maria Baz, Zakhia Naoum
OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to assess the prevalence and risk factors of low back pain occurred in health care workers in a Lebanese Hospital, and the impact of gestural and postural education in prevention. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A transversal survey with retrospective data collection was conducted at the University Hospital Center Hôtel-Dieu de France (HDF) Beirut in November 2015. It was based on a questionnaire of 29 items exploring the demographic, anthropometric and social data subjects and data for low back pain: duration, trigger back pain, risk factors, low back pain history, and the role of staff training to handling...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479175/norovirus-shedding-among-food-and-healthcare-workers-exposed-to-the-virus-in-outbreak-settings
#13
Aurora Sabrià, Rosa M Pintó, Albert Bosch, Rosa Bartolomé, Thais Cornejo, Núria Torner, Ana Martínez, Mercedes de Simón, Angela Domínguez, Susana Guix
BACKGROUND: Noroviruses (NoV) are highly contagious and the leading cause of nonbacterial outbreaks of gastroenteritis worldwide. Individuals who are infected asymptomatically may act as reservoirs and facilitate the transmission of NoV, but the likelihood of workers of becoming infected in outbreak settings has not been systematically studied. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the occurrence of norovirus infections among workers exposed to the virus in different outbreak settings...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431471/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-condomless-receptive-anal-intercourse-with-male-clients-among-transgender-women-sex-workers-in-shenyang-china
#14
Yong Cai, Zixin Wang, Joseph Tf Lau, Jinghua Li, Tiecheng Ma, Yan Liu
INTRODUCTION: Globally, transgender women sex workers have a high prevalence of HIV and condomless receptive anal intercourse with male clients (CRAIMC). We investigated the prevalence of CRAIMC and factors associated with CRAIMC among transgender women sex workers in China. METHODS: In 2014, we anonymously interviewed 220 transgender women sex workers face to face in Shenyang, China. Those who self-reported as HIV negative or as having unknown HIV serostatus were invited to take up free, anonymous HIV rapid testing (n=183); 90 did so...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390474/chronic-disease-risk-factors-among-hotel-workers
#15
Nilesh Chandrakant Gawde, Prashika R Kurlikar
CONTEXT: Non-communicable diseases have emerged as a global health issue. Role of occupation in pathogenesis of non-communicable diseases has not been explored much especially in the hospitality industry. AIMS: Objectives of this study include finding risk factor prevalence among hotel workers and studying relationship between occupational group and chronic disease risk factors chiefly high body mass index. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among non-managerial employees from classified hotels in India...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27286084/can-fire-safety-in-hotels-be-improved-results-from-the-survey-of-a-panel-of-experts-in-spain
#16
Juan Carlos Rubio-Romero, Francisco Márquez-Sierra, Manuel Suárez-Cebador
BACKGROUND: The hotel industry is an important driver of the European labour market with over 250,000 hotels employing some 2 million people. In Spain, 240 workers were injured by fires in hotels from 2004 to 2008. Fire is considered to be the most important risk in the hotel industry, but the lack of an EU-wide data recording system for hotels makes it difficult to give exact figures for fire events. OBJECTIVE: We analysed the state of fire prevention systems in hotels in Spain with the aim of proposing strategies to improve fire safety...
June 8, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159157/enhancing-the-ethical-conduct-of-hiv-research-with-migrant-sex-workers-human-rights-policy-and-social-contextual-influences
#17
Shira M Goldenberg, Kimberly C Brouwer, Teresita Rocha Jimenez, Sonia Morales Miranda, Monica Rivera Mindt
BACKGROUND: Migrant sex workers are often highly marginalized and disproportionately experience health and social inequities, including high prevalence of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and human rights violations. In recent years, research involving migrant sex workers has increased, yet many knowledge gaps remain regarding how best to protect research participant rights and welfare. Our objective was to identify key challenges and opportunities related to the responsible conduct of HIV research with migrant sex workers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871726/understanding-the-broader-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-of-female-sex-workers-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#18
Karen R Katz, Misti McDowell, Mackenzie Green, Shamim Jahan, Laura Johnson, Mario Chen
CONTEXT: Little is known about the sexual and reproductive health care needs of female sex workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: Survey data were collected from 354 hotel-based and 323 street-based female sex workers using a venue-based stratified cluster sampling approach. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 female sex workers recruited from drop-in centers. We calculated unmet need for family planning and examined fertility desires, use of condoms and other contraceptive methods, experiences with gender-based violence, sexual and reproductive health service needs, and preferences on where to receive services...
December 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871707/heat-and-pahs-emissions-in-indoor-kitchen-air-and-its-impact-on-kidney-dysfunctions-among-kitchen-workers-in-lucknow-north-india
#19
Amarnath Singh, Ritul Kamal, Mohana Krishna Reddy Mudiam, Manoj Kumar Gupta, Gubbala Naga Venkata Satyanarayana, Vipin Bihari, Nishi Shukla, Altaf Hussain Khan, Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran
Indoor air quality and heat exposure have become an important occupational health and safety concern in several workplaces including kitchens of hotels. This study investigated the heat, particulate matter (PM), total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) emissions in indoor air of commercial kitchen and its association with kidney dysfunctions among kitchen workers. A cross sectional study was conducted on 94 kitchen workers employed at commercial kitchen in Lucknow city, North India...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26805860/measuring-indoor-air-quality-and-engaging-california-indian-stakeholders-at-the-win-river-resort-and-casino-collaborative-smoke-free-policy-development
#20
Neil E Klepeis, Narinder Dhaliwal, Gary Hayward, Viviana Acevedo-Bolton, Wayne R Ott, Nathan Read, Steve Layton, Ruoting Jiang, Kai-Chung Cheng, Lynn M Hildemann, James L Repace, Stephanie Taylor, Seow-Ling Ong, Francisco O Buchting, Juliet P Lee, Roland S Moore
Most casinos owned by sovereign American Indian nations allow smoking, even in U.S. states such as California where state laws restrict workplace smoking. Collaborations between casinos and public health workers are needed to promote smoke-free policies that protect workers and patrons from secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure and risks. Over seven years, a coalition of public health professionals provided technical assistance to the Redding Rancheria tribe in Redding, California in establishing a smoke-free policy at the Win-River Resort and Casino...
January 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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