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A K Nandi, K J Hossain, A S Islam
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasing alarmingly with time among the young-adults in Bangladesh. The objective of the study was to investigate Sexual lifestyle, Risk Factors and Socioeconomic Status of the STD Patients. A total of 205 STD patients were selected following convenient method of sampling consistent with defined selection criteria from outpatient department of Skin and Venereal Disease of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh. Period of data collection was from July 2014 to June 2015...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Sangjun Choi, Donguk Park, Seung Won Kim, Kwonchul Ha, Hyejung Jung, Gwangyong Yi, Dong-Hee Koh, Deokmook Park, Oknam Sun, Sanni Uuksulainen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the number of workers exposed to diesel engine exhaust (DEE) by industry and year in the Republic of Korea. METHOD: The estimates of workers potentially exposed to DEE in the Republic of Korea were calculated by industry on the basis of the carcinogen exposure (CAREX) surveillance system. The data on the labor force employed in DEE exposure industries were obtained from the Census on Establishments conducted by the Korea National Statistical Office from 1993 to 2013...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
Khalil Ghoussoub, Alain El Asmar, Gaby Kreichati, Sawma Wakim, Mayla Bakhache, Maria Baz, Zakhia Naoum
OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to assess the prevalence and risk factors of low back pain occurred in health care workers in a Lebanese Hospital, and the impact of gestural and postural education in prevention. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A transversal survey with retrospective data collection was conducted at the University Hospital Center Hôtel-Dieu de France (HDF) Beirut in November 2015. It was based on a questionnaire of 29 items exploring the demographic, anthropometric and social data subjects and data for low back pain: duration, trigger back pain, risk factors, low back pain history, and the role of staff training to handling...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Aurora Sabrià, Rosa M Pintó, Albert Bosch, Rosa Bartolomé, Thais Cornejo, Núria Torner, Ana Martínez, Mercedes de Simón, Angela Domínguez, Susana Guix
BACKGROUND: Noroviruses (NoV) are highly contagious and the leading cause of nonbacterial outbreaks of gastroenteritis worldwide. Individuals who are infected asymptomatically may act as reservoirs and facilitate the transmission of NoV, but the likelihood of workers of becoming infected in outbreak settings has not been systematically studied. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the occurrence of norovirus infections among workers exposed to the virus in different outbreak settings...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Yong Cai, Zixin Wang, Joseph Tf Lau, Jinghua Li, Tiecheng Ma, Yan Liu
INTRODUCTION: Globally, transgender women sex workers have a high prevalence of HIV and condomless receptive anal intercourse with male clients (CRAIMC). We investigated the prevalence of CRAIMC and factors associated with CRAIMC among transgender women sex workers in China. METHODS: In 2014, we anonymously interviewed 220 transgender women sex workers face to face in Shenyang, China. Those who self-reported as HIV negative or as having unknown HIV serostatus were invited to take up free, anonymous HIV rapid testing (n=183); 90 did so...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Nilesh Chandrakant Gawde, Prashika R Kurlikar
CONTEXT: Non-communicable diseases have emerged as a global health issue. Role of occupation in pathogenesis of non-communicable diseases has not been explored much especially in the hospitality industry. AIMS: Objectives of this study include finding risk factor prevalence among hotel workers and studying relationship between occupational group and chronic disease risk factors chiefly high body mass index. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among non-managerial employees from classified hotels in India...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Juan Carlos Rubio-Romero, Francisco Márquez-Sierra, Manuel Suárez-Cebador
BACKGROUND: The hotel industry is an important driver of the European labour market with over 250,000 hotels employing some 2 million people. In Spain, 240 workers were injured by fires in hotels from 2004 to 2008. Fire is considered to be the most important risk in the hotel industry, but the lack of an EU-wide data recording system for hotels makes it difficult to give exact figures for fire events. OBJECTIVE: We analysed the state of fire prevention systems in hotels in Spain with the aim of proposing strategies to improve fire safety...
June 8, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Shira M Goldenberg, Kimberly C Brouwer, Teresita Rocha Jimenez, Sonia Morales Miranda, Monica Rivera Mindt
BACKGROUND: Migrant sex workers are often highly marginalized and disproportionately experience health and social inequities, including high prevalence of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and human rights violations. In recent years, research involving migrant sex workers has increased, yet many knowledge gaps remain regarding how best to protect research participant rights and welfare. Our objective was to identify key challenges and opportunities related to the responsible conduct of HIV research with migrant sex workers...
2016: PloS One
Karen R Katz, Misti McDowell, Mackenzie Green, Shamim Jahan, Laura Johnson, Mario Chen
CONTEXT: Little is known about the sexual and reproductive health care needs of female sex workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: Survey data were collected from 354 hotel-based and 323 street-based female sex workers using a venue-based stratified cluster sampling approach. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 female sex workers recruited from drop-in centers. We calculated unmet need for family planning and examined fertility desires, use of condoms and other contraceptive methods, experiences with gender-based violence, sexual and reproductive health service needs, and preferences on where to receive services...
December 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Amarnath Singh, Ritul Kamal, Mohana Krishna Reddy Mudiam, Manoj Kumar Gupta, Gubbala Naga Venkata Satyanarayana, Vipin Bihari, Nishi Shukla, Altaf Hussain Khan, Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran
Indoor air quality and heat exposure have become an important occupational health and safety concern in several workplaces including kitchens of hotels. This study investigated the heat, particulate matter (PM), total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) emissions in indoor air of commercial kitchen and its association with kidney dysfunctions among kitchen workers. A cross sectional study was conducted on 94 kitchen workers employed at commercial kitchen in Lucknow city, North India...
2016: PloS One
Neil E Klepeis, Narinder Dhaliwal, Gary Hayward, Viviana Acevedo-Bolton, Wayne R Ott, Nathan Read, Steve Layton, Ruoting Jiang, Kai-Chung Cheng, Lynn M Hildemann, James L Repace, Stephanie Taylor, Seow-Ling Ong, Francisco O Buchting, Juliet P Lee, Roland S Moore
Most casinos owned by sovereign American Indian nations allow smoking, even in U.S. states such as California where state laws restrict workplace smoking. Collaborations between casinos and public health workers are needed to promote smoke-free policies that protect workers and patrons from secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure and risks. Over seven years, a coalition of public health professionals provided technical assistance to the Redding Rancheria tribe in Redding, California in establishing a smoke-free policy at the Win-River Resort and Casino...
January 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Chebl Mourani, Maroun Moukarzel, Bernard Gerbaka, Dania Nehme Chelala, Hiba Azar
INTRODUCTION: During the period from September 1993 to March 2011, 79 kidney transplants in children and adolescents less than 18 years old were performed in our department; fifty-six in the familial group and 13 in the cadaveric group. We report in this study: immunosuppression protocols, medical and surgical complications (including rejection episodes), graft and patient survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Immunosuppression protocol has been modified throughout those eighteen years...
July 2015: Le Journal Médical Libanais. the Lebanese Medical Journal
Guohong Jiang, Wei Li, Wenlong Zheng, Zhongliang Xu, Dezheng Wang, Yi Pan, Chengfeng Shen, Yi Yang, Zhuo Wang, Jie Ma, Xiaodan Xue, Wenda Shen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the integrated effects of tobacco control programs through comparing the pre- and post-implementation of the Tianjin Tobacco Control Act (Act), in 4 successive years. METHODS: Case-related data on myocardial infarction was collected by Tianjin Surveillance System, New Case Registry. Both the representative sample size of indoor working places and public places for observation and PM2.5 monitored were selected through the calculation of Survey System, while the representative sample size of people involved in the survey for interview was under the Door to Door and Intercept...
June 2015: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Kristoffer Holm, Eva Torkelson, Martin Bäckström
The aim of the study was to investigate workplace incivility as a social process, examining its components and relationships to both instigated incivility and negative outcomes in the form of well-being, job satisfaction, turnover intentions, and sleeping problems. The different components of incivility that were examined were experienced and witnessed incivility from coworkers as well as supervisors. In addition, the organizational factors, social support, control, and job demands, were included in the models...
2015: BioMed Research International
Armand Seraphin Nkwescheu, Joseph Fokam, Patrice Tchendjou, Akindeh Nji, Hermann Ngouakam, Bita Fouda Andre, Sobngwi Joelle, Benjamin Uzochukwu, Kingsley Akinroye, Wilfred Mbacham, Vittorio Colizzi, Rose Leke, Cesar Victora
As the study of disease occurrence and health indicators in human populations, Epidemiology is a dynamic field that evolves with time and geographical context. In order to update African health workers on current epidemiological practices and to draw awareness of early career epidemiologists on concepts and opportunities in the field, the 3(rd) African Epidemiology Association and the 1st Cameroon Society of Epidemiology Conference was organized in June 2-6, 2014 at the Yaoundé Mont Febe Hotel, in Cameroon...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
Changlu Wang, Xiujun Wen
The bed bug resurgence in North America, Europe, and Australia has elicited interest in investigating the causes of the widespread and increasing infestations and in developing more effective control strategies. In order to extend global perspectives on bed bug management, we reviewed bed bug literature in China by searching five Chinese language electronic databases. We conducted telephone interviews of staff from 77 Health and Epidemic Prevention Stations in six Chinese cities in November 2010. We also conducted telephone interviews of 68 pest control firms in two cities during March 2011...
2011: Insects
Lei Wang, Xuquan Cai, Yijuan Xu
The recent resurgence of bed bugs (Cimex spp.) in many developed countries has drawn increasing attention worldwide. The status of urban bed bug infestations were investigated in Shenzhen and Dongguan, two major cities in southern Guangdong Province of southern China, based on pest control service records from two different companies (one during 2012 and another during 2013). The results showed that Shenzhen and Dongguan have a severe problem with bed bug infestations: the control of bed bugs is a constant concern, except during the winter...
January 2015: Journal of Medical Entomology
Jorid Anderssen
In Norway, as in many other wealthy countries, the number of health-related services that are being offered outside of the health sector is increasing. The present paper is based on qualitative interviews that were conducted with providers of health-related services at a commercial health hotel in Norway. The hotel is marketed as a health hotel - that is, a place for people with health problems and for those who need relaxation and an escape from their stressful everyday lives. The paper discusses whether the providers of this kind of service consider it a health service or if they distinguish and distance themselves from the health system...
2016: Anthropology & Medicine
Jaime M Preussler, Lih-Wen Mau, Navneet S Majhail, Margaret Bevans, Emilie Clancy, Carolyn Messner, Leslie Parran, Kate A Pederson, Stacy Stickney Ferguson, Kent Walters, Elizabeth A Murphy, Ellen M Denzen
PURPOSE: Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is performed in select centers in the United States (U.S.), and patients are often required to temporarily relocate to receive care. The purpose of this study was to identify housing barriers impacting access to HCT and potential solutions. METHODS: A mixed-methods primary study of HCT social workers was conducted to learn about patient housing challenges and solutions in place that help address those barriers. Three telephone focus groups were conducted with adult and pediatric transplant social workers (n = 15)...
March 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Usha Thamattoor, Tinku Thomas, Pradeep Banandur, S Rajaram, Thierry Duchesne, Belkacem Abdous, Reynold Washington, B M Ramesh, Stephen Moses, Michel Alary
BACKGROUND: Heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic across districts of south India is reflected in HIV positivity among antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees. Along with individual factors, contextual factors also need consideration for effective HIV interventions. Thus, identifying district and individual level factors that influence ANC HIV positivity assumes importance to intervene effectively. METHODS: Data on HIV sentinel surveillance among the ANC population were obtained from the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) between years 2004 and 2007...
2015: PloS One
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