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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526353/stretch-activated-two-pore-domain-k2p-potassium-channels-in-the-heart-focus-on-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-failure
#1
REVIEW
Constanze Schmidt, Felix Wiedmann, Stefan M Kallenberger, Antonius Ratte, Jan S Schulte, Beatrix Scholz, Frank Ulrich Müller, Niels Voigt, Maria-Patapia Zafeiriou, Joachim R Ehrlich, Ursula Tochtermann, Gábor Veres, Arjang Ruhparwar, Matthias Karck, Hugo A Katus, Dierk Thomas
Two-pore-domain potassium (K2P) channels modulate cellular excitability. The significance of stretch-activated cardiac K2P channels (K2P2.1, TREK-1, KCNK2; K2P4.1, TRAAK, KCNK4; K2P10.1, TREK-2, KCNK10) in heart disease has not been elucidated in detail. The aim of this work was to assess expression and remodeling of mechanosensitive K2P channels in atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) patients in comparison to murine models. Cardiac K2P channel levels were quantified in atrial (A) and ventricular (V) tissue obtained from patients undergoing open heart surgery...
May 16, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526352/stretch-activated-potassium-currents-in-the-heart-focus-on-trek-1-and-arrhythmias
#2
REVIEW
Niels Decher, Aytug K Kiper, Susanne Rinné
This review focuses on the role and the molecular candidates for the cardiac stretch-activated potassium current (SAK). The functional properties of two-pore domain potassium (K2P) channel TREK-1, a major candidate for the cardiac SAK are analyzed and the molecular mechanism of stretch-activation in K2P potassium channels is discussed. Furthermore, the functional modulation of TREK-1 by different cardiac interaction partners, as well as evidence for the functional role of the stretch-dependent TREK-1 and its putative subunits in the heart is reviewed...
May 16, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515435/genetic-diversity-of-armored-scales-hemiptera-diaspididae-and-soft-scales-hemiptera-coccidae-in-chile
#3
P Amouroux, D Crochard, J-F Germain, M Correa, J Ampuero, G Groussier, P Kreiter, T Malausa, T Zaviezo
Scale insects (Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea) are one of the most invasive and agriculturally damaging insect groups. Their management and the development of new control methods are currently jeopardized by the scarcity of identification data, in particular in regions where no large survey coupling morphological and DNA analyses have been performed. In this study, we sampled 116 populations of armored scales (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) and 112 populations of soft scales (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in Chile, over a latitudinal gradient ranging from 18°S to 41°S, on fruit crops, ornamental plants and trees...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502206/dna-barcoding-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-five-ascidians-phlebobranchia-distributed-in-gulf-of-mannar-india
#4
Soban Akram, Kaleem M L Arshan, Jaffarali H Abdul
DNA barcoding has played a significant role in biodiversity assessment as well as its conservation. This technique involves sequencing of mitochondrial marker gene including a short COI gene, known as barcode gene. It has proved its efficiency in identifying several species and resolving the limitations incurred during identification through conventional taxonomy. This study involves the use of DNA barcoding of ascidian species belonging to order Phlebobranchia. A total of 14 individuals, covering two families, three genera and five species, were barcoded...
May 13, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494157/side-fenestrations-provide-an-anchor%C3%A2-for-a-stable-binding-of-a1899-to-the-pore-of-task-1-potassium-channels
#5
David Ramirez, Bárbara Arévalo, Gonzalo Martínez, Susanne Rinné, Francisco V Sepúlveda, Niels Decher, Wendy González
A1899 is a potent and selective inhibitor of the two-pore domain potassium (K2P) channel TASK-1. It was previously reported that A1899 acts as an open-channel blocker and binds to residues of the P1, P2 regions, the M2, M4 segments and the halothane response element. The recently described crystal structures of K2P channels together with the newly identified side-fenestrations indicate that residues relevant for TASK-1 inhibition are not purely facing the central cavity as initially proposed. Accordingly, the TASK-1 binding site and the mechanism of inhibition might need a re-evaluation...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486518/complete-mitochondrial-genomes-of-two-blattid-cockroaches-periplaneta-australasiae-and-neostylopyga-rhombifolia-and-phylogenetic-relationships-within-the-blattaria
#6
Jinnan Ma, Chao Du, Chuang Zhou, Yongmei Sheng, Zhenxin Fan, Bisong Yue, Xiuyue Zhang
Complete mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of two cockroach species, Periplaneta australasiae and Neostylopyga rhombifolia, 15,605 bp and 15,711 bp in length, respectively, were determined. As reported for other cockroach mitogenomes, the two mitogenomes possessed typical ancestral insect mitogenome gene composition and arrangement. Only several small intergenic spacers were found: one, which was common in all sequenced cockroach mitogenomes except for the genus Cryptocercus, was between tRNA-Ser (UCN) and ND1 and contained a 7bp highly conserved motif (WACTTAA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478763/molecular-phylogeny-of-anopheles-hyrcanus-group-diptera-culicidae-based-on-mtdna-coi
#7
Yuan Fang, Wen-Qi Shi, Yi Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Anopheles hyrcanus group, which includes at least 25 species, is widely distributed in the Oriental and Palearctic regions. Some group members have been incriminated as vectors of malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases. It is difficult to identify Hyrcanus Group members by morphological features. Thus, molecular phylogeny has been proposed as an important complementary method to traditional morphological taxonomy. METHODS: Based on the GenBank database and our original study data, we used 466 mitochondrial DNA COI sequences belonging to 18 species to reconstruct the molecular phylogeny of the Hyrcanus Group across its worldwide geographic range...
May 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443635/expression-and-localisation-of-two-pore-domain-k2p-background-leak-potassium-ion-channels-in-the-mouse-retina
#8
Steven Hughes, Russell G Foster, Stuart N Peirson, Mark W Hankins
Two-pore domain (K2P) potassium channels perform essential roles in neuronal function. These channels produce background leak type potassium currents that act to regulate resting membrane potential and levels of cellular excitability. 15 different K2P channels have been identified in mammals and these channels perform important roles in a wide number of physiological systems. However, to date there is only limited data available concerning the expression and role of K2P channels in the retina. In this study we conduct the first comprehensive study of K2P channel expression in the retina...
April 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419410/selective-and-state-dependent-activation-of-tresk-background-potassium-channel-by-cloxyquin
#9
Miklós Lengyel, Alice Dobolyi, Gábor Czirják, Péter Enyedi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cloxyquin (5-cloroquinolin-8-ol) has been previously described as an activator of TRESK (K2P 18.1, TWIK-related spinal cord K(+) channel) background potassium channel. We have examined the specificity of the drug by testing several K2P channels. We have investigated the mechanism of cloxyquin-mediated TRESK activation, focusing on the differences between the physiologically relevant regulatory states of the channel. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Potassium currents were measured by two-electrode voltage clamp in Xenopus oocytes and by whole-cell patch clamp in mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons...
April 18, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403169/osteopontin-activates-the-diabetes-associated-potassium-channel-talk-1-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#10
Matthew T Dickerson, Nicholas C Vierra, Sarah C Milian, Prasanna K Dadi, David A Jacobson
Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) relies on β-cell Ca2+ influx, which is modulated by the two-pore-domain K+ (K2P) channel, TALK-1. A gain-of-function polymorphism in KCNK16, the gene encoding TALK-1, increases risk for developing type-2 diabetes. While TALK-1 serves an important role in modulating GSIS, the regulatory mechanism(s) that control β-cell TALK-1 channels are unknown. Therefore, we employed a membrane-specific yeast two-hybrid (MYTH) assay to identify TALK-1-interacting proteins in human islets, which will assist in determining signaling modalities that modulate TALK-1 function...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392258/bilayer-mediated-structural-transitions-control-mechanosensitivity-of-the-trek-2-k2p-channel
#11
Prafulla Aryal, Viwan Jarerattanachat, Michael V Clausen, Marcus Schewe, Conor McClenaghan, Liam Argent, Linus J Conrad, Yin Y Dong, Ashley C W Pike, Elisabeth P Carpenter, Thomas Baukrowitz, Mark S P Sansom, Stephen J Tucker
The mechanosensitive two-pore domain (K2P) K(+) channels (TREK-1, TREK-2, and TRAAK) are important for mechanical and thermal nociception. However, the mechanisms underlying their gating by membrane stretch remain controversial. Here we use molecular dynamics simulations to examine their behavior in a lipid bilayer. We show that TREK-2 moves from the "down" to "up" conformation in direct response to membrane stretch, and examine the role of the transmembrane pressure profile in this process. Furthermore, we show how state-dependent interactions with lipids affect the movement of TREK-2, and how stretch influences both the inner pore and selectivity filter...
May 2, 2017: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377596/markov-modeling-reveals-novel-intracellular-modulation-of-the-human-trek-2-selectivity-filter
#12
Matthew P Harrigan, Keri A McKiernan, Veerabahu Shanmugasundaram, Rajiah Aldrin Denny, Vijay S Pande
Two-pore domain potassium (K2P) channel ion conductance is regulated by diverse stimuli that directly or indirectly gate the channel selectivity filter (SF). Recent crystal structures for the TREK-2 member of the K2P family reveal distinct "up" and "down" states assumed during activation via mechanical stretch. We performed 195 μs of all-atom, unbiased molecular dynamics simulations of the TREK-2 channel to probe how membrane stretch regulates the SF gate. Markov modeling reveals a novel "pinched" SF configuration that stretch activation rapidly destabilizes...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358046/phosphatidylinositol-4-5-bisphosphate-dynamically-regulates-the-k2p-background-k-channel-task-2
#13
María Isabel Niemeyer, L Pablo Cid, Marc Paulais, Jacques Teulon, Francisco V Sepúlveda
Two-pore domain K2P K(+) channels responsible for the background K(+) conductance and the resting membrane potential, are also finely regulated by a variety of chemical, physical and physiological stimuli. Hormones and transmitters acting through Gq protein-coupled receptors (GqPCRs) modulate the activity of various K2P channels but the signalling involved has remained elusive, in particular whether dynamic regulation by membrane PI(4,5)P2, common among other classes of K(+) channels, affects K2P channels is controversial...
March 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341653/locomotion-behavior-is-affected-by-the-g%C3%AE-s-pathway-and-the-two-pore-domain-k-channel-twk-7-interacting-in-gabaergic-motor-neurons-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#14
Dieter-Christian Gottschling, Frank Döring, Kai Lüersen
Adjusting the efficiency of movement in response to environmental cues is an essential integrative characteristic of adaptive locomotion behavior across species. However, the modulatory molecules and the pathways involved are largely unknown. Recently, we demonstrated that in Caenorhabditis elegans, a loss-of-function of the two-pore-domain potassium (K2P) channel TWK-7 causes a fast, coordinated, and persistent forward crawling behavior in which five central aspects of stimulated locomotion-velocity, direction, wave parameters, duration, and straightness-are affected...
May 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341634/contribution-of-two-pore-potassium-channels-to-cardiac-ventricular-action-potential-revealed-using-human-ipsc-derived-cardiomyocytes
#15
Sam Chai, Xiaoping Wan, Drew M Nassal, Haiyan Liu, Christine S Moravec, Angelina Ramirez-Navarro, Isabelle Deschenes
Two pore potassium channels (K2p) have been described in modulating background conductance as leak channels in different physiological systems. In the heart, the expression of K2p channels is heterogeneous with equivocation regarding their functional role. Our objective was to determine the K2p expression profile and their physiological and pathophysiological contribution to cardiac electrophysiology. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) cells generated from humans were differentiated into cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CM)...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328397/age-dependent-diastolic-heart-failure-in-an-in-vivo-drosophila-model
#16
Matthew P Klassen, Christian J Peters, Shiwei Zhou, Hannah H Williams, Lily Yeh Jan, Yuh Nung Jan
While the signals and complexes that coordinate the heartbeat are well established, how the heart maintains its electromechanical rhythm over a lifetime remains an open question with significant implications to human health. Reasoning that this homeostatic challenge confronts all pulsatile organs, we developed a high resolution imaging and analysis toolset for measuring cardiac function in intact, unanesthetized Drosophila melanogaster. We demonstrate that, as in humans, normal aging primarily manifests as defects in relaxation (diastole) while preserving contractile performance...
March 22, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290215/genetic-assessment-of-leech-species-from-yak-bos-grunniens-in-the-tract-of-northeast-india
#17
Nilkantha Chatterjee, Bishal Dhar, Debasis Bhattarcharya, Sourabh Deori, Juwar Doley, Joken Bam, Pranab J Das, Asit K Bera, Sitangshu M Deb, Ningthoujam Neelima Devi, Rajesh Paul, Sorokhaibam Malvika, Sankar Kumar Ghosh
Yak is an iconic symbol of Tibet and high altitudes of Northeast India. It is highly cherished for milk, meat, and skin. However, yaks suffer drastic change in milk production, weight loss, etc, when infested by parasites. Among them, infestation by leeches is a serious problem in the Himalayan belt of Northeast India. The parasite feeds on blood externally or from body orifices, like nasopharynx, oral, rectum, etc. But there has been limited data about the leech species infesting the yak in that region because of the difficulties in morphological identification due to plasticity of the body, changes in shape, and surface structure and thus, warrants for the molecular characterization of leech...
March 14, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278695/dna-barcoding-and-genetic-diversity-analyses-of-fishes-of-kaladan-river-of-indo-myanmar-biodiversity-hotspot
#18
Anindya Sundar Barman, Mamta Singh, Pramod Kumar Pandey
Species are considered as a fundamental unit of biodiversity. Therefore, the prerequisite for biodiversity management and conservation is to know the number of species one is dealing with. Consequently, the need of the present study was conceptualized, which dealt with the comprehensive molecular appraisal of Kaladan's Fish fauna. A total of 291 specimens representing 49 species, 28 genera, 11 families, and 4 orders, were collected from 11 sampling stations situated along the main Kaladan River and its four major tributaries, i...
February 16, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278688/molecular-phylogenetic-analysis-of-genus-osteobrama-heckel-1843-and-discovery-of-osteobrama-serrata-sp-nov-from-north-east-india
#19
Mahender Singh, Rashmi Verma, Rameshori Yumnam, Waikhom Vishwanath
Genus Osteobrama Heckel is characterized by strongly compressed, fairly deep body with abdominal edge sharp and trenchant entirely or from the pelvic fin base to vent; anal fin long with 14-36 rays, of which 11-13 are branched rays. The fishes of this genus are distributed in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Burma, and Yunnan (China). Present study involve six Osteobrama species viz. O. belangeri, O. cotio, O. cunma, O. feae, O. serrata sp. nov., and O. vigorsii. Out of the 655 positions analyzed in the COI sequence dataset, 171 positions (26...
March 2, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258154/sodium-leak-through-k2p-potassium-channels-and-cardiac-arrhythmia-an-emerging-theme
#20
Steve An Goldstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
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