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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822544/performance-strategies-affect-mammary-gland-development-in-prepubertal-heifers
#1
R L Albino, A L Sguizzato, K M Daniels, M S Duarte, M M Lopes, S E F Guimarães, M M D C A Weller, M I Marcondes
In Brazil, the majority of dairy cattle are Holstein × Gyr (H×G). It is unknown whether excessive energy intake negatively affects their mammary development to the same extent as in purebred Holsteins. We hypothesized that mammary development of H×G heifers can be affected by dietary energy supply. We evaluated the effect of different average daily gains (ADG) achieved by feeding different amounts of a standard diet during the growing period on biometric measurements, development of mammary parenchyma (PAR) and mammary fat pad (MFP), and blood hormones...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808838/comparison-of-coronary-sinus-diameter-z-scores-in-normal-fetuses-and-fetuses-with-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-plsvc
#2
Mingming Ma, Yan Tan, Ran Chen, Yankai Mao, Bei Wang, Bowen Zhao
To establish Z-score reference ranges for coronary sinus (CS) diameter in normal fetuses and explore the diagnostic value of CS Z-score in fetuses with persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC). Study of 235 normal fetuses and 30 fetuses with PLSVC was involved. Noncardiac biometrical parameters included biparietal diameter (BPD), femoral length (FL), heart area (HA), gestation age (GA). The coronary sinus systolic and diastolic diameter (CSDs and CSDd ) were measured at the end of systole and diastole. CSDs and CSDd Z-score models were constructed by using linear regression analysis with Non-cardiac biometrical parameters as independent variables...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783061/impact-of-biological-feedback-and-incentives-on-blood-fatty-acid-concentrations-including-omega-3-index-in-an-employer-based-wellness-program
#3
Michael I McBurney, Julia K Bird
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) are important fatty acids for the retina and brain. More than 95% of Americans have suboptimal EPA + DHA blood concentrations. This cross-sectional employer-based study assessed whole blood fatty acid levels of volunteers participating in an onsite wellness biometric screening program and was designed to determine if an incentive, a $5 coupon for a 90-day supply of fish oil supplement typically costing $18-30, stimulated incremental dietary behavior change relative to nutritional status assessment alone to increase EPA + DHA concentrations...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782259/prenatal-assessment-of-cerebellar-vermian-lobulation-fetal-mri-with-3-tesla-post-mortem-correlation
#4
Gregor O Dovjak, Peter C Brugger, Gerlinde M Gruber, Jae W Song, Michael Weber, Georg Langs, Dieter Bettelheim, Daniela Prayer, Gregor Kasprian
OBJECTIVES: To optimize the imaging assessment of fetal hindbrain malformations, this observational MRI study aimed to provide quantitative biometric data in normal vermian development in human fetal brains in vivo. METHODS: In this retrospective, review board approved study, 78 fetuses (18-32 gestational weeks (GW)) scanned prenatally at 1.5T, and seven fetuses (16-30GW), scanned within 24 hours post-mortem at 3T,were included. All fetal brains were segmented on a T2-weighted midline sagittal slice...
August 6, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774519/undetected-angle-closure-in-patients-with-a-diagnosis-of-open-angle-glaucoma
#5
Devesh K Varma, Sarah M Simpson, Amandeep S Rai, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the proportion of patients referred to a tertiary glaucoma centre with a diagnosis of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) who were found to have angle closure glaucoma. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Consecutive new patients referred for glaucoma management to a tertiary centre between July 2010 and December 2011 were reviewed. Patients whose referrals for glaucoma assessment specified angle status as "open" were included...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774518/proportion-of-undetected-narrow-angles-or-angle-closure-in-cataract-surgery-referrals
#6
Devesh K Varma, Stephanie N Kletke, Amandeep S Rai, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To determine the proportion of patients referred for cataract surgery consultation who had undetected narrow angles (primary angle closure suspect [PACS], primary angle closure [PAC], or primary angle closure glaucoma [PACG]). DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PARTICIPANTS: Phakic patients referred by eye care providers (optometrists and ophthalmologists) to a tertiary centre for cataract management between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2012 were identified and reviewed...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770479/effect-of-milk-fermented-with-lactic-acid-bacteria-on-diarrheal-incidence-growth-performance-and-microbiological-and-blood-profiles-of-newborn-dairy-calves
#7
N C Maldonado, J Chiaraviglio, E Bru, L De Chazal, V Santos, M E F Nader-Macías
The effect of the administration of milk fermented with lactic acid bacteria to calves was evaluated. The strains included were: Lactobacillus murinus CRL1695, Lact. mucosae CRL1696, Lact. johnsonii CRL1693, and Lact. salivarius CRL1702, which were selected for their beneficial and functional properties and isolated from healthy calves in the northwestern region of Argentina. The trial was conducted on a dairy farm located in Tucumán (Holando-Argentino calves). A randomized controlled trial was performed in which 56 new-born animals were divided into two groups: the treated group (T) received the fermented milk for 60 days and the control group (C) only milk...
August 2, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766699/a-method-of-factor-analysis-for-shape-coordinates
#8
EDITORIAL
Fred L Bookstein
Currently the most common reporting style for a geometric morphometric (GMM) analysis of anthropological data begins with the principal components of the shape coordinates to which the original landmark data have been converted. But this focus often frustrates the organismal biologist, mainly because principal component analysis (PCA) is not aimed at scientific interpretability of the loading patterns actually uncovered. The difficulty of making biological sense of a PCA is heightened by aspects of the shape coordinate setting that further diverge from our intuitive expectations of how morphometric measurements ought to combine...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765871/biometric-sex-estimation-using-the-scapula-and-clavicle-in-a-modern-greek-population
#9
Aimilia E Koukiasa, Constantine Eliopoulos, Sotiris K Manolis
Human skeletal remains exhibit sexual dimorphism, which is apparent in adult living individuals as well. Researchers from forensic and osteoarchaeological fields have a growing interest in establishing metric standards for sexing by use of discriminant function analysis. The present study focuses on providing sex estimation metric standards using measurements from the scapula and clavicle in a Modern Greek sample (Athens Collection) consisting of 107 male and 90 female skeletons. A total of seven measurements were taken: maximum scapular height and breadth, glenoid cavity height and breadth, maximum clavicular length, anterior and superior clavicular diameter...
August 1, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764584/sonographic-correlation-of-foetal-neck-circumference-and-area-with-gestational-age-among-pregnant-women-in-port-harcourt-nigeria
#10
Obinna Everistus Abonyi, Charles Ugwoke Eze, Sobechukwu W I Onwuzu
The purpose of this study was to create a reference range nomogram of foetal neck circumference (FNC) and foetal neck area (FNA) in a Nigerian population using polynomial regression models. This cross-sectional study involved 723 pregnant women between 14 and 40 weeks of gestation. Axial measurements of the FNC and FNA were obtained in three measurements and the mean taken as the final value and the 5th, 50th and 95th percentiles for each foetal gestational age (FGA) were calculated. FNC and FNA correlated strongly with FGA, biparietal diameter, abdominal circumference, head circumference, and femoral length...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761477/molecular-and-morphological-characterizations-of-echinococcus-granulosus-from-human-and-animal-isolates-in-kashan-markazi-province-iran
#11
Mohsen Arbabi, Majid Pirestani, Mahdi Delavari, Hossein Hooshyar, Amir Abdoli, Shahab Sarvi
BACKGROUND: One of the most important zoonotic helminths in the world is known as Echinococcus granulosus. Different strains of the E. granulosus have been described based on morphological and molecular characterizations, however, there is limited information regarding the characteristics of the phenotypes and genotypes of E. granulosus in Iran. METHODS: The present study was prepared to evaluate the phenotypic and genotypic diversity of E. granulosus isolates collected from human, goat, sheep, and cattle based on 19 standard morphometric parameters and mitochondrial and nuclear genes (CO1, ND1, and ITS1) in Kashan, Markazi Province, Iran during 2013-2014...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761206/comparative-dermatoglyphic-study-between-autistic-patients-and-normal-people-in-iran
#12
Mansoureh Kazemi, Mohammad Reza Fayyazi-Bordbar, Nasser Mahdavi-Shahri
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder originating from early childhood; nevertheless, its diagnosis is in older ages. In addition to heredity, environmental factors are also of great significance in the etiology of the disease. Dermatoglyphic patterns, albeit varied, remain stable for a lifetime and yield a large number of patterns upon examination. Studies have shown a significant association between dermatoglyphics and some diseases, especially genetic ones. We compared fingerprints between patients with autism and normal individuals in a Fars population living in Khorasan-Razavi Province, Iran, in 2015...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759538/validity-and-reliability-of-the-hexoskin%C3%A2-wearable-biometric-vest-during-maximal-aerobic-power-testing-in-elite-cyclists
#13
Catherine A Elliot, Michael J Hamlin, Catherine A Lizamore
The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Hexoskin® vest for measuring respiration and heart rate (HR) in elite cyclists during a progressive test to exhaustion. Ten male elite cyclists (age 28.8 ± 12.5 yr, height 179.3 ± 6.0 cm, weight 73.2 ± 9.1 kg, V˙ O2max 60.7 ± 7.8 ml.kg.min mean ± SD) conducted a maximal aerobic cycle ergometer test using a ramped protocol (starting at 100W with 25W increments each min to failure) during two separate occasions over a 3-4 day period...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755531/the-role-of-ultrasound-in-the-prediction-of-birth-weight-discordance-in-twin-pregnancies-are-we-there-yet
#14
Ana Raquel Neves, Filipa Nunes, Miguel Branco, Maria do Céu Almeida, Isabel Santos Silva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the accuracy of ultrasound prediction of birth weight discordance (BWD) and the influence of chorionicity and fetal growth restriction (FGR) on ultrasound performance. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 176 twin pregnancies at a Portuguese tertiary center, between 2008 and 2014. Last ultrasound biometry was recorded. Cases with delivery before 24 weeks, fetal malformations, interval between last ultrasound and deliver >3 weeks, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and monoamniotic pregnancies were excluded...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755061/a-scoping-review-of-behavioral-economic-interventions-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
REVIEW
Jeffrey T Kullgren, Dina Hafez, Allison Fedewa, Michele Heisler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper was to review studies of behavioral economic interventions (financial incentives, choice architecture modifications, or commitment devices) to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among at-risk patients or improve self-management among patients with T2DM. RECENT FINDINGS: We found 15 studies that used varied study designs and outcomes to test behavioral economic interventions in clinical, workplace, or health plan settings...
September 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753739/z-scores-for-fetal-left-atrial-size-and-left-atrium-descending-aorta-distance-in-fetuses-with-isolated-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection
#16
Yan Kai Mao, Bo Wen Zhao, Feng Hua Zheng, Bei Wang, Xiao Hui Peng, Ran Chen, Mei Pan
OBJECTIVES: To construct Z-score reference ranges for fetal left atrial (LA) size and left atrium-descending aorta distance (LDD or 'post-LA distance') at 20 to 40 weeks' gestation and to compare these parameters between fetuses with isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) and normal fetuses. METHODS: 333 normal singleton fetuses from 20 to 40 week's gestation were enrolled in a prospective cross-sectional study . Six cardiovascular dimensions were obtained by two-dimensional echocardiography...
July 28, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753550/causes-of-death-among-full-term-stillbirths-and-early-neonatal-deaths-in-the-region-of-southern-denmark
#17
Millie Nguyen Basu, Iben Birgit Gade Johnsen, Sonja Wehberg, Rikke Guldberg Sørensen, Torben Barington, Bente Mertz Nørgård
OBJECTIVE: We examined the causes of death amongst full term stillbirths and early neonatal deaths. METHODS: Our cohort includes women in the Region of Southern Denmark, who gave birth at full term to a stillborn infant or a neonate who died within the first 7 days from 2010 through 2014. Demographic, biometric and clinical variables were analyzed to assess the causes of death using two classification systems: causes of death and associated conditions (CODAC) and a Danish system based on initial causes of fetal death (INCODE)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745268/assessing-body-image-in-anorexia-nervosa-using-biometric-self-avatars-in-virtual-reality-attitudinal-components-rather-than-visual-body-size-estimation-are-distorted
#18
S C Mölbert, A Thaler, B J Mohler, S Streuber, J Romero, M J Black, S Zipfel, H-O Karnath, K E Giel
BACKGROUND: Body image disturbance (BID) is a core symptom of anorexia nervosa (AN), but as yet distinctive features of BID are unknown. The present study aimed at disentangling perceptual and attitudinal components of BID in AN. METHODS: We investigated n = 24 women with AN and n = 24 controls. Based on a three-dimensional (3D) body scan, we created realistic virtual 3D bodies (avatars) for each participant that were varied through a range of ±20% of the participants' weights...
July 26, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743412/pseudoexfoliation-signs-in-the-anterior-segment-assessed-by-optical-coherence-tomography-and-scheimpflug-device
#19
J I Fernández-Vigo, L de-Pablo Gómez de Liaño, I Sánchez-Guillen, A Macarro-Merino, C Fernández-Vigo, J García-Feijóo, J A Fernández-Vigo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate different anterior segment parameters in eyes with pseudoexfoliation (PSX), fellow eyes, and controls using optical coherence tomography and a Scheimpflug imaging system. METHODS: Three groups were studied: 44 eyes of 44 patients with PSX, 30 clinically unaffected fellow eyes, and 148 eyes of 148 healthy controls. The anterior chamber depth and volume, corneal volume and thickness, pupil diameter and corneal densitometry were measured using a Scheimpflug imaging system (Pentacam, Oculus Inc...
July 22, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741902/corneal-confocal-sub-basal-nerve-plexus-evaluation-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Joanna Kokot, Adam Wylęgała, Bogumił Wowra, Łukasz Wójcik, Dariusz Dobrowolski, Edward Wylęgała
The aim of this study was to review the most recent data about corneal sub-basal nerve plexus (SNP) evaluated with the use of corneal confocal microscopy (CCM). For this purpose, an electronic search was conducted based on PubMed and Google Scholar and Web of Science databases from 2008 up to the end of 2016. Ninety-eight articles in English were cited, as well as abstracts in other languages, concerning the morphology and function of corneal SNP in various diseases. Changes in corneal SNP as a result of local treatment were also introduced...
July 25, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
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