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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473243/development-and-validation-of-an-algorithm-for-the-study-of-sleep-using-a-biometric-shirt-in-young-healthy-adults
#1
Joëlle Pion-Massicotte, Roger Godbout, Pierre Savard, Jean-François Roy
Portable polysomnography is often too complex and encumbering for recording sleep at home. We recorded sleep using a biometric shirt (electrocardiogram sensors, respiratory inductance plethysmography bands and an accelerometer) in 21 healthy young adults recorded in a sleep laboratory for two consecutive nights, together with standard polysomnography. Polysomnographic recordings were scored using standard methods. An algorithm was developed to classify the biometric shirt recordings into rapid eye movement sleep, non-rapid eye movement sleep and wake...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471000/relationship-between-cerebrospinal-fluid-concentrations-of-orexin-a-hypocretin-1-and-body-composition-in-humans
#2
João C P Santiago, Markus Otto, Werner Kern, Paul Christian Baier, Manfred Hallschmid
The hypothalamic neuropeptide orexin A (hypocretin-1) is a key signal in sleep/wake regulation and promotes food intake. We investigated the relationship between cerebrospinal fluid orexin A concentrations and body composition in non-narcoleptic human subjects with a wide range of body weight to gain insight into the role of orexin A in human metabolism. We collected cerebrospinal fluid and blood samples and measured body composition by bioelectric impedance analysis in 36 subjects (16 women and 20 men) with body mass indices between 16...
February 19, 2018: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468555/a-model-for-predicting-sulcus-to-sulcus-diameter-in-posterior-chamber-phakic-intraocular-lens-candidates-correlation-between-ocular-biometric-parameters
#3
Mohammad Ghoreishi, Mehdi Abdi-Shahshahani, Alireza Peyman, Mohsen Pourazizi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between ocular biometric parameters and sulcus-to-sulcus (STS) diameter. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of preoperative ocular biometry data of patients who were candidates for phakic intraocular lens (IOL) surgery. Subjects underwent ocular biometry analysis, including refraction error evaluation using an autorefractor and Orbscan topography for white-to-white (WTW) corneal diameter and measurement...
February 21, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466639/-nesting-ecology-of-crocodylus-acutus-reptilia-crocodylidae-in-bahia-portete-la-guajira-colombia
#4
John Jairo Gómez-González, Juan Carlos Narváez-Barandica, Lina Báez, Edgar Patiño-Flórez
C. acutus is cataloged in critical danger in Colombia. We studied its population at Bahia Portete, in order to survey the nesting activities and to obtain valuable information for a conservation management program. This study was undertaken with the participation of the Wayuü community using the Agreement Conservation Model, and took place during July 2007, August 2008, June and August 2009, and March to August 2010 and 2011. Sampling surveys were made by the use of transects along the coast, in order to find nests...
March 2017: Revista de Biología Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466481/morphological-characterization-of-diaphragm-in-common-squirrel-monkey-saimiri-sciureus
#5
José Ricardo N DE Souza Neto, Érika Branco, Elane G Giese, Ana Rita DE Lima
The wall of the diaphragm can be affected by congenital or acquired alterations which allow the passage of viscera between the abdominal and chest cavities, allowing the formation of a diaphragmatic hernia. We characterized morphology and performed biometrics of the diaphragm in the common squirrel monkey Saimiri sciureus. After fixation, muscle fragments were collected and processed for optical microscopy. In this species the diaphragm muscle is attached to the lung by phrenopericardial ligament. It is also connected to the liver via the coronary and falciform ligaments...
February 19, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464706/a-systems-approach-to-biometrics-in-the-military-domain
#6
Lauren Wilson, Michelle Gahan, Chris Lennard, James Robertson
Forensic biometrics is the application of forensic science principles to physical and behavioral characteristics. Forensic biometrics is a secondary sub-system in the forensic science "system of systems," which describes forensic science as a sub-system in the larger criminal justice, law enforcement, intelligence, and military system. The purpose of this paper is to discuss biometrics in the military domain and integration into the wider forensic science system of systems. The holistic system thinking methodology was applied to the U...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461854/data-breach-locations-types-and-associated-characteristics-among-us-hospitals
#7
Meghan Hufstader Gabriel, Alice Noblin, Ashley Rutherford, Amanda Walden, Kendall Cortelyou-Ward
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the locations in hospitals where data are breached, the types of breaches that occur most often at hospitals, and hospital characteristics, including health information technology (IT) sophistication and biometric security capabilities, that may be predicting factors of large data breaches that affect 500 or more patients. STUDY DESIGN: The Office of Civil Rights breach data from healthcare providers regarding breaches that affected 500 or more individuals from 2009 to 2016 were linked with hospital characteristics from the Health Information Management Systems Society and the American Hospital Association Health IT Supplement databases...
February 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458900/inter-observer-variability-in-fetal-biometric-measurements
#8
Rami Kilani, Wesam Aleyadeh, Luay Abu Atieleh, Abdul Mane Al Suleimat, Maysa Khadra, Hassan M Hawamdeh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate inter-observer variability and reproducibility of ultrasound measurements for fetal biometric parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was implemented in two tertiary care hospitals in Amman, Jordan; Prince Hamza Hospital and Albashir Hospital. 192 women with a singleton pregnancy at a gestational age of 18-36 weeks were the participants in the study. Transabdominal scans for fetal biometric parameter measurement were performed on study participants from the period of November 2014 to March 2015...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447327/-unknown-title
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The lack of nasal tip support resulting in poor protection and projection of the nose is a common cause of nasal obstruction and cosmetic impairment. Although septal cartilage is preferred for restoration of nasal tip support, there is often not enough septal cartilage available. We describe an intercrural columellar strut graft in a circumferential soft tissue pocket: the I-Beam technique. METHODOLOGY: In this cohort study over an 8-year period the clinical and biometrical long-term results after restoration of nasal tip support with an autologous auricular cartilage graft, the I-Beam technique, is evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447325/-unknown-title
#10
E Novoa, D Simmen, H R Briner, C Schlegel
BACKGROUND: The lack of nasal tip support resulting in poor protection and projection of the nose is a common cause of nasal obstruction and cosmetic impairment. Although septal cartilage is preferred for restoration of nasal tip support, there is often not enough septal cartilage available. We describe an intercrural columellar strut graft in a circumferential soft tissue pocket: the I-Beam technique. METHODOLOGY: In this cohort study over an 8-year period the clinical and biometrical long-term results after restoration of nasal tip support with an autologous auricular cartilage graft, the I-Beam technique, is evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447247/differences-between-fellow-eyes-of-acute-and-chronic-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-an-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-quantitative-study
#11
Mengwei Li, Yuhong Chen, Xiaoxiao Chen, Wenqing Zhu, Xueli Chen, Xiaolei Wang, Yuan Fang, Xiangmei Kong, Yi Dai, Junyi Chen, Xinghuai Sun
PURPOSE: To compare various biometric parameters between fellow eyes of acute primary angle closure (glaucoma) [APAC(G)] and fellow eyes of chronic primary angle closure (glaucoma) [CPAC(G)]. METHODS: Ultrasound biomicroscopy examinations were performed on 47 patients with unilateral APAC(G) and 41 patients with asymmetric CPAC(G) before laser peripheral iridotomy and pilocarpine treatment. Anterior chamber depth and width (ACD and ACW), lens vault (LV), iris curvature (IC), iris root distance (IRD), trabecular-ciliary process distance (TCPD), iris-ciliary process distance (ICPD), trabecular-ciliary angle (TCA), and other biometric parameters were compared between fellow eyes of APAC(G) and fellow eyes of CAPC(G)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445311/fetal-growth-restriction-in-rural-bangladesh-a-prospective-study
#12
Farzana Ferdous, Md Harunor Rashid, Enbo Ma, Rubhana Raqib, Hiromi Hamada, Yukiko Wagatsuma
Background: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and low birth weight(LBW) are serious public health problems. In developing countries, the incidence of low birth weight is predominantly the result of FGR, and both low birth weight and FGR are associated with neonatal death and later growth and development. Fetal growth charts are important for assessing the size of the fetus during pregnancy. The aims of this study were to describe the fetal growth pattern of a population in rural Bangladesh where maternal undernutrition is prevalent and to compare the timing of FGR in that population with WHO and INTERGROWTH- 21st international reference values...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434055/assessing-metabolic-rate-and-indoor-air-quality-with-passive-environmental-sensors
#13
Iván Ruiz, Mark Sprowls, Yue Deng, Doina Kulick, Hugo Destaillats, Erica S Forzani
The present work introduces the use of environmental sensors to assess indoor air quality (IAQ) in combination with human biometrics. The sensor array included temperature, relative humidity, carbon dioxide, and noise sensors. The array was used in a classroom as well as in a vehicle cabin to assess the indoor air quality and carbon dioxide production rate of individuals in a closed ventilation environment. Analysis of carbon dioxide production allowed for the quantification of the average metabolic rate of the group of individuals in the classroom, and for one individual in the vehicle cabin...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434012/reducing-sedentary-time-for-obese-older-adults-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Dori E Rosenberg, Amy K Lee, Melissa Anderson, Anne Renz, Theresa E Matson, Jacqueline Kerr, David Arterburn, Jennifer B McClure
BACKGROUND: Older adults have high rates of obesity and are prone to chronic health conditions. These conditions are in part due to high rates of sedentary time (ST). As such, reducing ST could be an innovative strategy for improving health outcomes among obese older adults. To test this theory, we developed a novel, technology-enhanced intervention to reduce sitting time (I-STAND) and pilot tested it to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of the intervention on ST and biometric outcomes...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424384/hematological-and-biometric-traits-of-tuvira-gymnotus-inaequilabiatus-valenciennes-1839-gymnotiformes-gymnotidae-from-the-brazilian-pantanal
#15
Robson A Rodrigues, Eduarda S Silva, Sandriely F Marcondes, Gizela M Galindo, Gustavo G DE Oliveira, Alda I DE Souza, José Ragusa-Netto, Carlos E Fernandes
This study describes the hematological and biometric characteristics of male and female Gymnotus species from the Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. Fifty adult specimens of Gymnotus inaequilabiatus were weighed, measured, and then euthanized. Blood was collected by puncturing the celiac mesenteric vein to determine the hematocrit, hemoglobin content, number of erythrocytes, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, glucose level, absolute value of leukocytes, and relative value of leukocytes and thrombocytes...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422212/diagnosis-and-surveillance-of-late-onset-fetal-growth-restriction
#16
REVIEW
Francesc Figueras, Javier Caradeux, Fatima Crispi, Elisenda Eixarch, Anna Peguero, Eduard Gratacos
By consensus, late fetal growth restriction is that diagnosed >32 weeks. This condition is mildly associated with a higher risk of perinatal hypoxic events and suboptimal neurodevelopment. Histologically, it is characterized by the presence of uteroplacental vascular lesions (especially infarcts), although the incidence of such lesions is lower than in preterm fetal growth restriction. Screening procedures for fetal growth restriction need to identify small babies and then differentiate between those who are healthy and those who are pathologically small...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417495/effectiveness-and-safety-of-a-novel-care-model-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-at-1%C3%A2-year-an-open-label-non-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Sarah J Hallberg, Amy L McKenzie, Paul T Williams, Nasir H Bhanpuri, Anne L Peters, Wayne W Campbell, Tamara L Hazbun, Brittanie M Volk, James P McCarter, Stephen D Phinney, Jeff S Volek
INTRODUCTION: Carbohydrate restriction markedly improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) but necessitates prompt medication changes. Therefore, we assessed the effectiveness and safety of a novel care model providing continuous remote care with medication management based on biometric feedback combined with the metabolic approach of nutritional ketosis for T2D management. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, non-randomized, controlled, before-and-after 1-year study of this continuous care intervention (CCI) and usual care (UC)...
February 7, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415632/the-demographic-impact-and-development-benefits-of-meeting-demand-for-family-planning-with-modern-contraceptive-methods
#18
Daniel Goodkind, Lisa Lollock, Yoonjoung Choi, Thomas McDevitt, Loraine West
BACKGROUND: Meeting demand for family planning can facilitate progress towards all major themes of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. Many policymakers have embraced a benchmark goal that at least 75% of the demand for family planning in all countries be satisfied with modern contraceptive methods by the year 2030. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the demographic impact (and development implications) of achieving the 75% benchmark in 13 developing countries that are expected to be the furthest from achieving that benchmark...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409196/postoperative-ct-scan-3d-reconstruction-of-the-calcaneus-following-lateral-calcaneal-lengthening-osteotomy-for-flatfoot-deformity-in-children-is-the-surgical-procedure-potentially-associated-with-subtalar-joint-damage
#19
Federico Canavese, Alain Dimeglio, François Bonnel
BACKGROUND: Several anatomical studies have shown that the articular facets of the calcaneus can present with different anatomy. This study assessed the 3D anatomy of lateral calcaneal lengthening (LCL) osteotomy in relation to the anterior and middle facet of the calcaneus in a group of skeletally immature patients treated for symptomatic flatfoot deformity. METHODS: During the study period, 14 consecutive patients (10 males, 4 females) presenting symptomatic flatfoot (20 feet) with different aetiologies underwent LCL osteotomy and CT scan with 3D reconstruction of the operated feet...
June 3, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404933/learning-efficient-spatial-temporal-gait-features-with-deep-learning-for-human-identification
#20
Wu Liu, Cheng Zhang, Huadong Ma, Shuangqun Li
The integration of the latest breakthroughs in bioinformatics technology from one side and artificial intelligence from another side, enables remarkable advances in the fields of intelligent security guard computational biology, healthcare, and so on. Among them, biometrics based automatic human identification is one of the most fundamental and significant research topic. Human gait, which is a biometric features with the unique capability, has gained significant attentions as the remarkable characteristics of remote accessed, robust and security in the biometrics based human identification...
February 6, 2018: Neuroinformatics
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