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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923245/-follow-up-care-in-the-field-of-medical-rehabilitation-concerning-psychosomatic-indications-based-on-the-new-conceptual-framework-of-the-german-pension-insurance
#1
N Boes
Mental disorders rank first amongst all causes for disability pensions and second in the field of medical rehabilitation. Especially alarming is the significantly lower age of entry of the mentally ill disability pensioners, compared to those with other indications. Mentally ill people often look back at a long history of diseases before getting in contact with the German pension insurance. In this regard the German pension insurance, which is obligated to effectively support people in order to keep them in working life until reaching the regular retirement age, is facing a big challenge, which stands right next to further demands, due to the demographic change, the increase of chronic diseases, multimorbidity, retirement age of 67 and changes in the working environment...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923155/user-preferences-and-willingness-to-pay-for-safe-drinking-water-experimental-evidence-from-rural-tanzania
#2
Zachary Burt, Robert M Njee, Yolanda Mbatia, Veritas Msimbe, Joe Brown, Thomas F Clasen, Hamisi M Malebo, Isha Ray
Almost half of all deaths from drinking microbiologically unsafe water occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) systems, when consistently used, can provide safer drinking water and improve health. Social marketing to increase adoption and use of HWTS depends both on the prices of and preferences for these systems. This study included 556 households from rural Tanzania across two low-income districts with low-quality water sources. Over 9 months in 2012 and 2013, we experimentally evaluated consumer preferences for six "low-cost" HWTS options, including boiling, through an ordinal ranking protocol...
November 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922780/community-matrons-as-problem-solvers-for-people-living-with-multi-co-morbid-disease
#3
Sue Randall, Colin Thunhurst, Gill Furze
Working with patients in their own homes gives community matrons an advantage of seeing patients in the context of their everyday lives. This allows comprehensive assessment of need with an aim of promoting health or promoting stability for people living with chronic disease. Complex issues are resolved through problem-solving and this can result in patients being maintained in their own homes and thus in reduced unplanned hospitalisation. Data were collected from participants using semi-structured interviews and audio diaries...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922624/association-of-pain-social-support-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#4
Z Khazaeipour, E Ahmadipour, V Rahimi-Movaghar, F Ahmadipour, A R Vaccaro, B Babakhani
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research (BASIR) Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used to measure the pain, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support was used to measure social support through structured face-to-face interviews in SCI individuals...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922567/validity-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-s-psychosocial-screening-interview-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-the-thoresci-study
#5
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
AIM: To examine the validity of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening instrument. METHOD: 508 acute (67%) or elective (33%) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients (mean age=63 years, SD=10; 81% male) completed the ESC screening interview and established questionnaires for psychosocial risk markers, i.e., depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), Type D personality (DS14), hostility (CMHS-7), and marital/work stress (MMQ-6, ERI) during or close after hospital admission...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922473/reliability-and-validity-of-the-work-and-social-adjustment-scale-in-treatment-seeking-problem-gamblers
#6
Barry Tolchard
BACKGROUND: Problem gambling is a growing concern as governments become more reliant on gambling revenue particularly from increases in gambling casinos. It is widely reported that problem gamblers experience both high levels of comorbid mental health issues and subsequent disability that comes with such. To date, there have been few measures tested with problem gamblers that are a good measure of this disability. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is a five-item measure of disability, which is used widely in a number of clinical settings including gambling...
October 2016: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920942/exploring-the-relationship-between-health-insurance-social-connectedness-and-subjective-social-status-among-residents-of-o-ahu
#7
Lisa M Thompson, Kate A Murray, Sarah Jarvis, Ellen Scarr
Relative position in a social hierarchy, or subjective social status, has been associated with indicators of socioeconomic status and may be influenced by social connectedness. The primary purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between health insurance status and subjective social status, using the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status (SSS, community version), in the state of Hawai'i with its highly insured population. The secondary purpose is to examine other social determinants that influence social status, including social connectedness...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920613/core-and-complementary-chiropractic-lowering-barriers-to-patient-utilization-of-services
#8
John J Triano, Marion McGregor
OBJECTIVE: The use of chiropractic services has stalled while interest in accessing manipulation services is rising. The purpose of this paper is to consider this dilemma in the context of the dynamics of professional socialization, surveys of public attitudes, and a potential strategic action. DISCUSSION: This is a reflection work grounded in the literature on professional socialization and the attitudes held regarding chiropractic in modern society, to include its members, and in original data on training programs...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920540/treatment-cost-of-narcolepsy-with-cataplexy-in-central-europe
#9
Petra Maresova, Michal Novotny, Blanka Klímová, Kamil Kuča
BACKGROUND: Narcolepsy is a lifelong, rare neurological sleep disorder characterized by chronic, excessive attacks of daytime sleepiness. This disease is often extremely incapacitating, interfering with every aspect of life, in work and social settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to specify the treatment costs of patients in Central Europe (Czech Republic), while the attention is mainly paid to the drugs that were fully or partially covered by public health insurance...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920428/mitigating-herding-in-hierarchical-crowdsourcing-networks
#10
Han Yu, Chunyan Miao, Cyril Leung, Yiqiang Chen, Simon Fauvel, Victor R Lesser, Qiang Yang
Hierarchical crowdsourcing networks (HCNs) provide a useful mechanism for social mobilization. However, spontaneous evolution of the complex resource allocation dynamics can lead to undesirable herding behaviours in which a small group of reputable workers are overloaded while leaving other workers idle. Existing herding control mechanisms designed for typical crowdsourcing systems are not effective in HCNs. In order to bridge this gap, we investigate the herding dynamics in HCNs and propose a Lyapunov optimization based decision support approach - the Reputation-aware Task Sub-delegation approach with dynamic worker effort Pricing (RTS-P) - with objective functions aiming to achieve superlinear time-averaged collective productivity in an HCN...
December 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920358/factors-affecting-counseling-services-in-social-service-structures-providing-support-to-women-who-are-victims-of-violence-a-qualitative-research-in-greece
#11
Katerina Flora, Anthi Argyroudi
This qualitative study examines the factors that affect counseling services in structures aimed to provide support to women who are victims of violence. What has created the need to investigate the above issues is the increase in events of violence against women in Greece, and the subsequent development of relevant support and accommodation structures. Despite the clinical experience accumulated, research data from Greece are incomplete. The main research question concerns the factors that affect counseling in violence counseling structures...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918932/a-comparison-of-working-in-small-scale-and-large-scale-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Lander Vermeerbergen, Geert Van Hootegem, Jos Benders
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ongoing shortages of care workers, together with an ageing population, make it of utmost importance to increase the quality of working life in nursing homes. Since the 1970s, normalised and small-scale nursing homes have been increasingly introduced to provide care in a family and homelike environment, potentially providing a richer work life for care workers as well as improved living conditions for residents. 'Normalised' refers to the opportunities given to residents to live in a manner as close as possible to the everyday life of persons not needing care...
November 13, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918891/the-socioeconomic-within-gender-gap-in-informal-caregiving-among-middle-aged-women-evidence-from-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#13
Mutsumi Tokunaga, Hideki Hashimoto
Caregiving to older people with needs has been mainly dependent on informal care provision by female caregivers. Compared with the care burden gender gap, the within-gender gap in women's socioeconomic status (SES) has attracted less policy attention. We investigated the association between middle-aged women's SES and the likelihood of being a primary caregiver for elderly informal care, focusing on household income, women's marital status, work status, and educational background under the universal and public system of formal long-term care provision in Japan...
November 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918866/a-lot-of-hard-work-but-doable-pregnancy-experiences-of-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
Meaghan McGrath, Joan Chrisler
Despite many medical advances, pregnant women with type-1 diabetes are still considered to be at high risk. Previous research suggests that physicians' focus on strict glycemic control and negative outcomes can result in fear and uncertainty about undertaking pregnancy. The present study was designed to gain insight into the lived pregnancy experiences of women with type-1 diabetes and to solicit their thoughts on what health care providers could do to assist them to have a healthy pregnancy. Ten U.S. women with type-1 diabetes who were currently pregnant and/or had previously given birth participated in structured interviews...
December 5, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918860/where-is-the-client-patient-voice-in-interprofessional-healthcare-team-assessments-findings-from-a-one-day-forum
#15
Sophie Soklaridis, Donna Romano, Alan Wai Lun Fung, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Joan Sargeant, Jennifer Chambers, David Wiljer, Ivan Silver
There is a growing interest in interprofessional care (IPC) as a way to provide better healthcare. However, it is difficult to evaluate this mode of healthcare delivery because identifying the appropriate measurement tool is a challenge, given the wide diversity in team composition and settings. Adding to this complexity is a key gap in the IPC evaluation research: the client/patient perspective. This perspective has generally not been included in the development of IPC healthcare team evaluations. The authors received a Canadian Institute for Health Research Planning Grant to host a one-day forum with 24 participants from across Canada representing health professions such as social work, medicine, occupational therapy, and physical therapy, in addition to researchers, client/patient advocates, and hospital administrators...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918236/meniere-s-migraine-and-motion-sickness
#16
John F Golding, Mitesh Patel
CONCLUSION: Elevated Motion Sickness Susceptibility (MSS) in Meniere?s disease (MD) is likely to be a consequence of the onset of MD and not migraine per se. OBJECTIVES: Pathologies of the vestibular system influence MSS. Bilateral vestibular deficits lower MSS, vestibular neuritis or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo have little overall effect, whereas vestibular migraine elevates MSS. However, less is known about MSS in MD, a condition in which many patients experience vestibular loss and migraine symptoms...
December 5, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918185/psychological-keys-in-the-study-of-african-american-religious-folk-songs-in-the-early-work-of-howard-w-odum-1884-1954
#17
Marcos José Bernal-Marcos, Jorge Castro-Tejerina, José Carlos Loredo-Narciandi
This study focuses on the analysis of the early work of Howard W. Odum (1884-1954) and the examination of the psychological aspects that marked his reflection on African American music. This analysis reveals many of the aspects that were generically shared by the psychological agenda of the period when analyzing aesthetic experience and activity. Outstanding among these are the relationship of the musical phenomenon with very basic or primary affective-emotional dimensions, the conception of the musical phenomenon as an indicator of the cognitive-affective development of human groups, its expression in the form of cultural and complex intersubjective products, or its possible participation in the technoscientific design of social reform and progress...
December 5, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917564/mind-the-gap-in-clinical-trials-a-participatory-action-analysis-with-citizen-collaborators
#18
Amy Price, Su May Liew, Jo Kirkpatrick, Jazmin Price, Taylor Lopreto, Yasmin Nelken
What are the strengths, gaps, expectations, and barriers to research engagement in clinical trials as communicated through social media? Clinical trials test treatments to provide reliable information for safety and effectiveness. Trials are building blocks in which what is learned in earlier research can be used to improve treatments, compare alternatives, and improve quality of life. For 20 years, the percentages of clinical trials volunteers have decreased whereas the costs of running clinical trials have multiplied...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917535/structure-and-process-facilitate-integration-and-mainstreaming-in-conservation
#19
Kenneth E Wallen
Bennett and colleagues (2016) discerningly point out calls to integrate the social and natural sciences in conservation are "now routine." Yet, these calls have a limited effect as they continue to go unheeded, although "everyone working in conservation, it seems, recognizes that natural science alone cannot solve conservation problems". Highlighting the need for more comprehensive integration, the authors present a "framework for a collaborative and integrated conservation science and practice", which ostensibly contains a set of structures for interdisciplinary team science...
December 5, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917457/patient-reported-outcomes-pros-after-total-extraperitoneal-hernia-repair-tep
#20
E H H Mommers, D R M Hünen, J C H M van Hout, M Guit, J A Wegdam, S W Nienhuijs, T S de Vries Reilingh
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) such as quality of life (QoL), patient satisfaction, and work impairment, are arguably the most important outcomes of any medical treatment. In 2011, Staerkle and Villiger developed the Core Outcome Measurements Index (COMI) to standardise PROs and PRO measurement for inguinal hernia patients, in an attempt to increase inter-study comparability. The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate the short- and long-term postoperative QoL, function, patient well-being, pain, and social/work disability, after total extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair and to provide the first clinical experience with the COMI-hernia questionnaire...
December 5, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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