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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196457/dermal-absorption-of-fumigant-gases-during-hazmat-incident-exposure-scenarios-methyl-bromide-sulfuryl-fluoride-and-chloropicrin
#1
Sharyn Gaskin, Linda Heath, Dino Pisaniello, John W Edwards, Michael Logan, Christina Baxter
Accidental or intentional releases of toxic gases or vapors are the most common occurrence in hazardous material (HAZMAT) incidents that result in human injuries. The most serious hazard from exposure to gases or vapors is via the respiratory system. Dermal uptake, as a secondary route, is still a concern, most acutely for the unprotected public. There is a limited evidence base describing skin absorption of toxic gases and vapors in HAZMAT exposure scenarios, which are relatively brief compared with traditional test periods for skin absorption studies...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048398/su-cd-pins-room-hall-e-01
#2
R Parker
: Medical Physicists are frequently involved in shipping radioactive materials or supervising those who do. Current U.S. Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Regulations, 49 CFR Parts 171 - 185, require hazmat employees to have documented training specified in 49 CFR 172 Subpart H. A hazmat employee is defined as an individual who: (1) loads, unloads or handles hazardous material; (2) manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs, modifies, marks or otherwise represents containers, drums or packagings as qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials; (3) prepares hazardous materials for transportation; (4) is responsible for safety of transporting hazardous materials; or (5) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047414/su-g-pins-room-hall-e-01
#3
R Parker
: Medical Physicists are frequently involved in shipping radioactive materials or supervising those who do. Current U.S. Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Regulations, 49 CFR Parts 171 - 185, require hazmat employees to have documented training specified in 49 CFR 172 Subpart H. A hazmat employee is defined as an individual who: (1) loads, unloads or handles hazardous material; (2) manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs, modifies, marks or otherwise represents containers, drums or packagings as qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials; (3) prepares hazardous materials for transportation; (4) is responsible for safety of transporting hazardous materials; or (5) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046322/su-cd-pins-room-hall-e-00-hazmat-training-for-the-medical-physicist-part-i
#4
Russell Tarver
: Medical Physicists are frequently involved in shipping radioactive materials or supervising those who do. Current U.S. Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Regulations, 49 CFR Parts 171 - 185, require hazmat employees to have documented training specified in 49 CFR 172 Subpart H. A hazmat employee is defined as an individual who: (1) loads, unloads or handles hazardous material; (2) manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs, modifies, marks or otherwise represents containers, drums or packagings as qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials; (3) prepares hazardous materials for transportation; (4) is responsible for safety of transporting hazardous materials; or (5) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046277/su-g-pins-room-hall-e-00-hazmat-training-for-the-medical-physicist-part-ii
#5
Russell Tarver
: Medical Physicists are frequently involved in shipping radioactive materials or supervising those who do. Current U.S. Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Regulations, 49 CFR Parts 171 - 185, require hazmat employees to have documented training specified in 49 CFR 172 Subpart H. A hazmat employee is defined as an individual who: (1) loads, unloads or handles hazardous material; (2) manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs, modifies, marks or otherwise represents containers, drums or packagings as qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials; (3) prepares hazardous materials for transportation; (4) is responsible for safety of transporting hazardous materials; or (5) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876240/variable-neighborhood-search-to-solve-the-vehicle-routing-problem-for-hazardous-materials-transportation
#6
Gustavo Alfredo Bula, Caroline Prodhon, Fabio Augusto Gonzalez, H Murat Afsar, Nubia Velasco
This work focuses on the Heterogeneous Fleet Vehicle Routing problem (HFVRP) in the context of hazardous materials (HazMat) transportation. The objective is to determine a set of routes that minimizes the total expected routing risk. This is a nonlinear function, and it depends on the vehicle load and the population exposed when an incident occurs. Thus, a piecewise linear approximation is used to estimate it. For solving the problem, a variant of the Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS) algorithm is employed...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833671/characterization-of-chemical-suicides-in-the-united-states-and-its-adverse-impact-on-responders-and-bystanders
#7
Ayana R Anderson
INTRODUCTION: A suicide trend that involves mixing household chemicals to produce hydrogen sulfide or hydrogen cyanide, commonly referred to as a detergent, hydrogen sulfide, or chemical suicide is a continuing problem in the United States (U.S.). Because there is not one database responsible for tracking chemical suicides, the actual number of incidents in the U.S. is unknown. To prevent morbidity and mortality associated with chemical suicides, it is important to characterize the incidents that have occurred in the U...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628169/why-gametes-are-not-like-enriched-uranium
#8
Andrew Botterell
According to Rivka Weinberg, gametes are like enriched uranium: both are hazardous materials. Exposing human beings to enriched uranium can result in radioactivity and decreased life expectancy, while exposing sperm and ova to each other can result in the creation of needy innocent persons with full moral status. Weinberg argues that when we engage in activities that put our gametes at risk of joining with others and growing into persons, we assume the costs of that risky activity. She calls this the Hazmat Theory of parental responsibility...
November 2016: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093847/controlling-the-situation-actionable-steps-to-help-mitigate-hazmat-incidents
#9
Glenn Trout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Occupational Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26775407/hazmat-ter-of-fact-taking-a-closer-look-at-ec-02-02-01-and-the-management-of-hazardous-materials-and-waste
#10
George Mills, Kathy Tolomeo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Joint Commission Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742281/health-care-hazmats-there-s-more-on-site-than-just-bloodborne-pathogens
#11
Karen D Hamel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Occupational Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461864/employment-standards-for-australian-urban-firefighters-part-4-physical-aptitude-tests-and-standards
#12
Hugh H K Fullagar, John A Sampson, Brendan J Mott, Catriona A Burdon, Nigel A S Taylor, Herbert Groeller
OBJECTIVE: Firefighter physical aptitude tests were administered to unskilled subjects and operational firefighters to evaluate the impact that testing bias associated with gender, age, activity-specific skills, or task familiarity may have upon establishing performance thresholds. METHODS: These tests were administered in sequence, simulating hazmat incidents, ventilation fan carriage (stairs), motor-vehicle rescues, bushfire incidents, fire attacks, and a firefighter rescue...
October 2015: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461863/employment-standards-for-australian-urban-firefighters-part-3-the-transition-from-criterion-task-to-test
#13
Herbert Groeller, Hugh H K Fullagar, John A Sampson, Brendan J Mott, Nigel A S Taylor
OBJECTIVE: In this third communication, the processes for converting criterion occupational tasks into bona fide pre-employment selection tests are presented using urban firefighters as the worked example. METHODS: A total of 14 individuals participated in potential screening tests that targeted three loaded movement categories: single-sided load carriage (4 tests), dragging loads (2 tests), and overhead pushing and holding objects (5 tests). RESULTS: Seven tests emerged, one performed as an isolated pass/fail barrier test (ladder raise) and six incorporated into a sequential, timed circuit simulating hazmat incidents, ventilation fan carriage (stairs), motor-vehicle rescues, bushfire incidents, fire attacks, and a firefighter rescue...
October 2015: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26451780/a-descriptive-analysis-of-prehospital-response-to-hazardous-materials-events
#14
Ashley J Martin, Christine M Lohse, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the overall frequency of hazardous materials (HazMat) events in the United States and the nature of prehospital care for those exposed. The purpose of the current study was to perform a descriptive analysis of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) activations reported to a national EMS database. METHODS: Analysis of the 2012 National EMS Information System (NEMSIS) Public Release Research Data Set v.2.2.1, containing EMS emergency response data submitted by 41 states, was conducted...
October 2015: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26369629/emergency-preparedness-and-disaster-response-there-s-an-app-for-that
#15
REVIEW
Daniel J Bachmann, Nathan K Jamison, Andrew Martin, Jose Delgado, Nicholas E Kman
INTRODUCTION: Smartphone applications (or apps) are becoming increasingly popular with emergency responders and health care providers, as well as the public as a whole. There are thousands of medical apps available for Smartphones and tablet computers, with more added each day. These include apps to view textbooks, guidelines, medication databases, medical calculators, and radiology images. Hypothesis/Problem With an ever expanding catalog of apps that relate to disaster medicine, it is hard for both the lay public and responders to know where to turn for effective Smartphone apps...
October 2015: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26281450/dry-decontamination-a-white-powder-letter-sparks-a-workplace-hazmat-scare
#16
James J Augustine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: EMS World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26281390/three-hazmat-rules-every-employee-can-remember
#17
Karen D Hamel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Occupational Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26281389/hazmat-identification-control-and-emergency-response-the-fundamental-weakness-in-the-system
#18
Jim Giermanski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Occupational Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26204618/hazmat-protection-from-head-to-toe
#19
Jim Towey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Occupational Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25959708/intubation-efficiency-and-perceived-ease-of-use-of-video-laryngoscopy-vs-direct-laryngoscopy-while-wearing-hazmat-ppe-a-preliminary-high-fidelity-mannequin-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sara J Aberle, Benjamin J Sandefur, Kharmene L Sunga, Ronna L Campbell, Christine M Lohse, Henrique Alecastro Puls, Sarah Laudon, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
INTRODUCTION: Management of contaminated patients in the decontamination corridor requires the use of hazardous material (HazMat) personal protective equipment (PPE). Previous studies have demonstrated that HazMat PPE may increase the difficulty of airway management. This study compared the efficiency of video laryngoscopy (VL) with traditional direct laryngoscopy (DL) during endotracheal intubation (ETI) while wearing HazMat PPE. METHODS: Post-graduate year (PGY) 1-3 Emergency Medicine residents were randomized to VL or DL while wearing encapsulating PPE...
June 2015: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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