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Gross Motor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#1
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667739/maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-child-developmental-milestones
#2
Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Polina Girchenko, Jari Lipsanen, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Eero Kajantie, Hannele Laivuori, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Pia M Villa, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND: Maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy predict poorer child neurodevelopment. The effects of timing, symptom severity, and additive influences remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 2,231 mothers of the Prediction and Prevention of Pre-eclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction (PREDO) study completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale biweekly up to 14 times during pregnancy and twice up to 12 months after pregnancy...
April 18, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663838/discriminant-ability-and-criterion-validity-of-the-trunk-impairment-scale-for-cerebral-palsy
#3
Sílvia Leticia Pavão, Davi Adiwardana Maeda, Carolina Corsi, Mariana Martins Dos Santos, Carolina Souza N da Costa, Ana Carolina de Campos, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha
AIMS: To compare the performance of children with mild and moderate-to-severe cerebral palsy (CP) on the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS), Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), and on center-of-pressure variables; to establish the discriminant ability of these tools to predict severity of motor impairment in CP; and to investigate the criterion validity of the TIS. METHODS: Children with mild (n = 18, 11 males, 7 females, mean age = 9.5 ± 2.9 years, Gross Motor Function Classification System I-II) and moderate-to-severe (n = 18, 11 males, 7 females, mean age = 9...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663120/similarities-and-differences-between-infantile-and-early-childhood-onset-vanishing-white-matter-disease
#4
Ling Zhou, Haihua Zhang, Na Chen, Zhongbin Zhang, Ming Liu, Lifang Dai, Jingmin Wang, Yuwu Jiang, Ye Wu
Vanishing white matter disease (VWM) is one of the most prevalent inherited leukoencephalopathies in childhood. Infantile VWM is more severe but less understood than the classic early childhood type. We performed a follow-up study on 14 infantile and 26 childhood patients to delineate the natural history and neuroimaging features of VWM. Infantile and childhood patients shared similarities in the incidence of epileptic seizure (35.7 vs. 38.5%) and episodic aggravation (92.9 vs. 84.6%). Developmental delay before disease onset was more common in infantile patients...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660955/change-in-mobility-function-and-its-causes-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-by-gross-motor-function-classification-system-level-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#5
Nobuaki Himuro, Reiko Mishima, Takashi Seshimo, Toshibumi Morishima, Keisuke Kosaki, Shigeharu Ibe, Yoshimi Asagai, Koji Minematsu, Kazuhiro Kurita, Tsutomu Okayasu, Tsukasa Shimura, Kotaro Hoshino, Toshiro Suzuki, Taiichiro Yanagizono
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for mobility function by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level is vital as a guide to rehabilitation for people with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate change in mobility function and its causes in adults with cerebral palsy by GMFCS level. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire study. RESULTS: A total of 386 participants (26 y 8 m, SD 5 y 10 m) with cerebral palsy were analyzed...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660304/circadian-rhythm-resynchronization-improved-isoflurane-induced-cognitive-dysfunction-in-aged-mice
#6
Jia Song, Shuaishuai Chu, Yin Cui, Yue Qian, Xiuxiu Li, Fangxia Xu, Xueming Shao, Zhengliang Ma, Tianjiao Xia, Xiaoping Gu
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common clinical phenomenon characterized by cognitive deficits in patients after anesthesia and surgery. Advanced age is a significant independent risk factor for POCD. We previously reported that in young mice, sleep-wake rhythm is involved in the isoflurane-induced memory impairment. In present study, we sought to determine whether advanced age increased the risk of POCD through aggravated and prolonged post-anesthetic circadian disruption in the elderly. We constructed POCD model by submitting the mice to 5-h 1...
April 13, 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659197/morphological-features-of-the-branching-pattern-of-the-hypoglossal-nerve
#7
Yujiro Sakamoto
The hypoglossal or twelfth cranial nerve is the motor nerve to the extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tongue, and the superior root of the ansa cervicalis and the thyrohyoid and geniohyoid branches are delivered through the nerve. This study investigated the muscular branches of the hypoglossal nerve to clarify their spatial relationships with the muscles of the tongue and the neighboring structures. The muscles and the nerve were gross anatomically examined in 42 cadavers. The superior root and the thyrohyoid branch left the nerve near the occipital and lingual arteries, respectively...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658831/short-burst-interval-treadmill-training-walking-capacity-and-performance-in-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#8
Kristie F Bjornson, Noelle Moreau, Amy Winter Bodkin
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of short-burst interval locomotor treadmill training (SBLTT) on walking capacity and performance in cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twelve children with spastic diplegic CP (average 8.6 years) across Gross Motor Function Classification System levels II (8) and III (4) were randomized to 20 SBLTT sessions over 4 or 10 weeks. SBLTT consisted of alternating 30 seconds of slow and fast walking for 30 minutes/session. Outcomes included the 10 m walk test, one-minute walk test (1MWT), and timed-up-and go (TUG) (capacity) and StepWatch (performance) collected at baseline, post, and 6 weeks post...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658318/what-makes-children-with-cerebral-palsy-vulnerable-to-malnutrition-findings-from-the-bangladesh-cerebral-palsy-register-bcpr
#9
Israt Jahan, Mohammad Muhit, Tasneem Karim, Hayley Smithers-Sheedy, Iona Novak, Cheryl Jones, Nadia Badawi, Gulam Khandaker
PURPOSE: To assess the nutritional status and underlying risk factors for malnutrition among children with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register; a prospective population based surveillance of children with cerebral palsy aged 0-18 years in a rural subdistrict of Bangladesh (i.e., Shahjadpur). Socio-demographic, clinical and anthropometric measurements were collected using Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register record form...
April 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657083/the-course-of-awake-breathing-disturbances-across-the-lifespan-in-rett-syndrome
#10
Daniel C Tarquinio, Wei Hou, Jeffrey L Neul, Gamze Kilic Berkmen, Jana Drummond, Elizabeth Aronoff, Jennifer Harris, Jane B Lane, Walter E Kaufmann, Kathleen J Motil, Daniel G Glaze, Steven A Skinner, Alan K Percy
Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in MECP2, is associated with a peculiar breathing disturbance exclusively during wakefulness that is distressing, and can even prompt emergency resuscitation. Through the RTT Natural History Study, we characterized cross sectional and longitudinal characteristics of awake breathing abnormalities in RTT and identified associated clinical features. Participants were recruited from 2006 to 2015, and cumulative lifetime prevalence of breathing dysfunction was determined using the Kaplan-Meier estimator...
April 12, 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652955/-neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-patients-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#11
Alicia Núñez, Paula Bedregal, Carlos Becerra, Francisca Grob L
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common cause of preventable cognitive disability worldwide. Generally, it is produced by an alteration in the embryogenesis of the thyroid gland or by an alteration in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which determine that affected patients have low or absent thyroid hormone concentrations. The importance of this fact is that brain development during the first three years of life is highly dependent on thyroid hormones. Prior to the implementation of national neonatal screening programs around the world, 8 to 27% of children with CH had an IQ lower than 70...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652201/trunk-control-and-functionality-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#12
Gulce Kallem Seyyar, Bahar Aras, Ozgen Aras
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between trunk control in sitting and functionality in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Fifty-eight children with spastic CP were included in the study. Functional abilities were evaluated with the Gross Motor Function Measurement-88 (GMFM-88) and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Functional Skills domain (PEDI-FSD). Trunk control in sitting was tested with the Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) and the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS)...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650492/robotically-driven-orthoses-exert-proximal-to-distal-differential-recovery-on-the-lower-limbs-in-children-with-hemiplegia-early-after-acquired-brain-injury
#13
Elena Beretta, Erika Molteni, Emilia Biffi, Roberta Morganti, Paolo Avantaggiato, Sandra Strazzer
Robotically-driven orthoses (RDO) are promising for treating gait impairment in children with hemiplegia after acquired brain injury (ABI). Despite this, existing literature on the employment of RDO in ABI is scanty, and cohorts' age spans throughout the adult age, with no specific focus on the developmental age. We aim to compare a treatment solely based on conventional physiotherapy (CP) with a program combining RDO training with CP, and to examine the effect of time following ABI on recovery. A prospective two-cohorts study was conducted in a rehabilitation hospital...
March 23, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650414/joint-laxity-in-preschool-children-born-preterm
#14
Domenico M Romeo, Chiara Velli, Simona Lucibello, Gloria Ferrantini, Giuseppina Leo, Claudia Brogna, Francesco Cota, Daniela Ricci, Francesca Gallini, Costantino Romagnoli, Giovanni Vento, Eugenio Mercuri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of joint laxity in children born preterm assessed in the first 2 years, the relationship between joint laxity and motor performance at preschool age, and possible changes over time in a subgroup of children followed longitudinally. STUDY DESIGN: The revised scale of Beighton Score was used to evaluate joint laxity in a population of 132 preschool children born preterm between 24 and 32 weeks of gestational age. All were assessed for joint laxity between 12 and 24 months of age...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648943/who-skips-using-temperament-to-explain-differential-outcomes-of-a-motor-competence-intervention-for-preschoolers
#15
Sally A Taunton, Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Ali S Brian
PURPOSE: Although motor skill interventions often improve fundamental motor skills (FMS) during preschool, the extent of individual children's success in development of FMS still varies among children receiving the same intervention. Temperament is multifaceted and includes negative affect (high levels of frustration or anger), effortful control (focus, self-regulation, and concentration), and surgency (energy and activity level). Temperament often influences cognitive, social, and behavioral outcomes and may be a significant factor in the development of FMS...
April 12, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643070/neurobehavioral-outcomes-11-years-after-neonatal-caffeine-therapy-for-apnea-of-prematurity
#16
Ines M Mürner-Lavanchy, Lex W Doyle, Barbara Schmidt, Robin S Roberts, Elizabeth V Asztalos, Lorrie Costantini, Peter G Davis, Deborah Dewey, Judy D'Ilario, Ruth E Grunau, Diane Moddemann, Harvey Nelson, Arne Ohlsson, Alfonso Solimano, Win Tin, Peter J Anderson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Caffeine is effective in the treatment of apnea of prematurity. Although caffeine therapy has a benefit on gross motor skills in school-aged children, effects on neurobehavioral outcomes are not fully understood. We aimed to investigate effects of neonatal caffeine therapy in very low birth weight (500-1250 g) infants on neurobehavioral outcomes in 11-year-old participants of the Caffeine for Apnea of Prematurity trial. METHODS: Thirteen academic hospitals in Canada, Australia, Great Britain, and Sweden participated in this part of the 11-year follow-up of the double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial...
April 11, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642891/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-legislation-in-canadian-childcare-facilities-an-update
#17
Leigh M Vanderloo, Patricia Tucker
BACKGROUND: Within the childcare sector, physical activity and sedentary behaviors are not legislated at a national level in Canada. Efforts have been undertaken to identify factors within childcare facilities which support and deter physical activity and sedentary behaviors. The purpose of this paper was to provide an amended review of the legislative landscape, at the provincial and territorial level, regarding physical activity and sedentary behaviors (via screen-viewing) in Canadian childcare centers...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629589/flexed-knee-gait-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
C Church, J Ge, S Hager, T Haumont, N Lennon, T Niiler, R Hulbert, F Miller
Aims The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of adolescents with cerebral palsy who have undergone single-event multilevel surgery for a flexed-knee gait, followed into young adulthood using 3D motion analysis. Patients and Methods A total of 59 young adults with spastic cerebral palsy, with a mean age of 26 years (sd 3), were enrolled into the study in which their gait was compared with an evaluation that had taken place a mean of 12 years (sd 2) previously. At their visits during adolescence, the children walked with excessive flexion of the knee at initial contact and surgical or therapeutic interventions were not controlled between visits...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629179/the-relationship-of-gross-upper-and-lower-limb-motor-competence-to-measures-of-health-and-fitness-in-adolescents-aged-13-14-years
#19
Benjamin David Weedon, Francesca Liu, Wala Mahmoud, Renske Metz, Kyle Beunder, Anne Delextrat, Martyn G Morris, Patrick Esser, Johnny Collett, Andy Meaney, Ken Howells, Helen Dawes
Introduction: Motor competence (MC) is an important factor in the development of health and fitness in adolescence. Aims: This cross-sectional study aims to explore the distribution of MC across school students aged 13-14 years old and the extent of the relationship of MC to measures of health and fitness across genders. Methods: A total of 718 participants were tested from three different schools in the UK, 311 girls and 407 boys (aged 13-14 years), pairwise deletion for correlation variables reduced this to 555 (245 girls, 310 boys)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628361/relationship-between-habitual-physical-activity-motor-capacity-and-capability-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-aged-4-5-years-across-all-functional-abilities
#20
Piyapa Keawutan, Kristie L Bell, Stina Oftedal, Peter S W Davies, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have lower habitual physical activity (HPA) than their typically developing peers. There are limited studies of HPA in young children with CP under the age of 5 years. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between HPA, sedentary time, motor capacity and capability in children with CP aged 4-5 years. METHODS: Sixty-seven participants were classified using Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), assessed for motor capacity using Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and wore accelerometers for three days to measure HPA and sedentary time...
April 3, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
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