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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654506/a-progressive-running-program-for-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Jessica Lewis
PURPOSE: To describe the physical therapy intervention and outcomes for a 20-week progressive running program. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: A 12-year-old boy with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy, Gross Motor Function Classification System level II, participated in a 20-week running program. The 6-minute walk test and the 88-item and 66-item versions of the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) were administered at baseline and program completion. After completion of the program, the participant exceeded thresholds for minimally clinically important differences on the GMFM-66 total score and GMFM-88 Dimension D and E scores...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654503/effectiveness-of-functional-power-training-on-walking-ability-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy-study-protocol-of-a-double-baseline-trial
#2
Liesbeth F van Vulpen, Sonja de Groot, Eugene A A Rameckers, Jules G Becher, Annet J Dallmeijer
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of functional high-velocity resistance (power) training to improve walking ability of young children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Twenty-two children with bi- or unilateral spastic cerebral palsy, Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I and II, aged 4 to 10 years will be recruited. A double-baseline design will be used to compare a 14-week functional power training (3 times a week) program with a 14-week usual care period and a 14-week follow-up period...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654501/developing-overhand-throwing-skills-for-a-child-with-autism-with-a-collaborative-approach-in-school-based-therapy
#3
Jennifer A Colebourn, Ann C Golub-Victor, Arsenio Paez
PURPOSE: This case report presents an interdisciplinary approach in school-based therapy, combining physical therapy and applied behavior analysis to improve the motor skills and the participation in recreational activities of a child with autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: A 9-year-old child with autism spectrum disorder participated in a 20-week gross motor intervention designed to improve the child's overhand throwing ability, which included weekly physical therapy instruction and daily throwing trials using applied behavior analysis approaches...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651738/gross-motor-function-change-after-multilevel-soft-tissue-release-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Chia-Hsieh Chang, Yu-Ying Chen, Kuo-Kuang Yeh, Chia-Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: Improving motor function is a major goal of therapy for children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, changes in motor function after orthopedic surgery for gait disorders are seldom discussed. This study aimed to evaluate the postoperative changes in gross motor function and to investigate the prognostic factors for such changes. METHODS: We prospectively studied 25 children with CP (4-12 years) who were gross motor function classification system (GMFCS) level II to IV and and underwent bilateral multilevel soft-tissue release for knee flexion gait...
June 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647804/estimating-the-long-term-functional-burden-of-osteoporosis-related-fractures
#5
S Fischer, K A Kapinos, A Mulcahy, L Pinto, O Hayden, R Barron
Although fractures are associated with short-term reductions in functional status, there is limited information on longer-term burden of fracture. This study documents evidence of an association between fractures and significant declines and functional health and activities that persist but attenuate beyond two years. INTRODUCTION: Although fractures are associated with short-term reductions in functional status and may have other short-term effects on healthcare utilization (hospitalization and follow-up care), there is limited information on long-term burden of fracture beyond 12 to 24 months post-fracture...
June 24, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644922/hands-support-and-postural-oscillation-during-sit-to-stand-movement-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-typical-children
#6
Silvia Leticia Pavão, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha
The authors aimed to compare the weight bearing on hands during sit-to-stand (STS) movement in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and typical children (TC), verify its effect on postural oscillation, and analyze the relationship between weight bearing on hands and postural oscillation. Twenty children with CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I and II) and 35 TC performed STS with and without anterior hands support. Mann-Whitney test compared weight bearing between groups. Wilcoxon test investigated differences in postural oscillation between the conditions with and without anterior hand support for both groups...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644242/effects-of-participation-in-sports-programs-on-walking-ability-and-endurance-over-time-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Sandy A Ross, Morgan Yount, Sara Ankarstad, Samantha Bock, Britta Orso, Kimberly Perry, Jennifer Miros, Janice E Brunstrom-Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: Children with cerebral palsy may benefit from maintaining a high level of physical fitness similar to typically developing children especially in terms of long-term physical performance, although in practice this is often difficult. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of participation in sports programs on walking ability and endurance over time. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study included participants with cerebral palsy, aged 6 to 20 yrs, who attended a summer sports program from 2004 to 2012...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633883/the-gross-motor-function-measure-gmfm
#8
Adrienne R Harvey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632466/neuropsychological-profiles-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Kristine Stadskleiv, Reidun Jahnsen, Guro L Andersen, Stephen von Tetzchner
PURPOSE: To explore factors contributing to variability in cognitive functioning in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A geographical cohort of 70 children with CP was assessed with tests of language comprehension, visual-spatial reasoning, attention, working memory, memory, and executive functioning. Mean age was 9;9 years (range 5;1-17;7), 54.3% were girls, and 50.0% had hemiplegic, 25.7% diplegic, 12.9% quadriplegic, and 11.4% dyskinetic CP. For the participants with severe motor impairments, assessments were adapted for gaze pointing...
February 21, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632137/electrospun-silk-polyaniline-conduits-for-functional-nerve-regeneration-in-rat-sciatic-nerve-injury-model
#10
Suradip Das, Manav Sharma, Dhiren Saharia, Kushal Sarma, Elizabeth Muir, Utpal Bora
The present study describes the fabrication of polyaniline-silk fibroin nanocomposite based nerve conduits and its subsequent implantation in a rat sciatic nerve injury model for peripheral nerve regeneration. This is the first in vivo study of polyaniline based nerve conduit describing the safety and efficacy of the conduits in treating peripheral nerve injuries. The nanocomposite was synthesised by electrospinning a mixture of silk fibroin protein and polyaniline wherein the silk nanofibers were observed to be uniformly coated with polyaniline nanoparticles...
June 20, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626301/effect-of-neurodevelopmental-treatment-based-physical-therapy-on-the-change-of-muscle-strength-spasticity-and-gross-motor-function-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#11
Eun-Young Park, Won-Ho Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of neurodevelopmental treatment-based physical therapy on muscle tone, strength, and gross motor function in children with spastic cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] One-hundred-seventy-five children with spastic cerebral palsy (88 diplegia; 78 quadriplegia) received neurodevelopmental treatment-based physical therapy for 35 minutes per day, 2-3 times per week for 1 year. Spasticity, muscle strength, and gross motor function were measured before and after treatment with the Modified Ashworth Scale, Manual Muscle Testing, and Gross Motor Function Measure, respectively...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624565/a-case-of-laterally-extended-high-positioned-chordoma-treated-using-the-high-cervical-retropharyngeal-approach
#12
Kiyoshi Ito, Takuya Nakamura, Tatsuro Aoyama, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Kazuhiro Hongo
BACKGROUND: Several surgical approaches for the treatment of pathologies of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) and high cervical regions have been reported. For the best postoperative results, selection of a surgical route to treat such pathologies should be based on a complete understanding of the approach. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here, we describe the case of a 64-year-old woman who presented with a 5-year history of motor and sensory disturbances in her right upper extremity...
June 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622983/the-effect-of-a-comprehensive-care-transition-model-on-cost-and-utilization-for-medically-complex-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
Steven W Howard, Zidong Zhang, Paula Buchanan, Eric Armbrecht, Christine Williams, Geneva Wilson, Janna Hutchinson, Lindsey Pearson, Samantha Ellsworth, Caitlin M Byler, Travis Loux, Jing Wang, Steph Bernell, Nicholas Holekamp
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate cost and acute care utilization related to an organized approach to care coordination and transitional care after major acute care hospitalization for children with medical complexities, including cerebral palsy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 32 patients from Ranken Jordan Pediatric Bridge Hospital (RJPBH) who received the Care Beyond the Bedside model was compared with 151 patients receiving standard care elsewhere across Missouri...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621462/evidence-for-convergent-evolution-of-a-neocortex-like-structure-in-a-late-permian-therapsid
#14
Michael Laaß, Anders Kaestner
The special sensory, motor, and cognitive capabilities of mammals mainly depend upon the neocortex, which is the six-layered cover of the mammalian forebrain. The origin of the neocortex is still controversial and the current view is that larger brains with neocortex first evolved in late Triassic Mammaliaformes. Here, we report the earliest evidence of a structure analogous to the mammalian neocortex in a forerunner of mammals, the fossorial anomodont Kawingasaurus fossilis from the late Permian of Tanzania...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619605/the-prognostic-value-of-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-term-newborns-treated-with-therapeutic-hypothermia-following-asphyxia
#15
Paul E Sijens, Katharina Wischniowsky, Hendrik J Ter Horst
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate brain metabolism assessed shortly after therapeutic hyperthermia by (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), with neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: At the age of 6.0±1.8days, brain metabolites of 35 term asphyxiated newborns, treated with therapeutic hypothermia, were quantified by multivoxel proton MRS of a volume cranial to the corpus callosum, containing both gray and white matter. At the age of 30months the Bayley Scale of Infant Development-III was performed...
June 12, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617943/long-term-impact-of-childhood-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-on-pain-fatigue-and-function-a-case-control-study
#16
Alecia K Daunter, Anna L Kratz, Edward A Hurvitz
AIM: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a surgical treatment for spasticity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Studies suggest long-lasting effects of SDR on spasticity; long-term effects on symptoms and function are not clear. This study tested whether adults with CP (average 22y after SDR) report less pain, fatigue, and functional decline than a retrospectively assessed non-surgical comparison group. METHOD: This was a case-control study. Eighty-eight adults with CP (mean age 27y; SDR=38 male/female/missing=20/16/2; non-surgical [comparison]=50, male/female=19/31) recruited from a tertiary care center and the community completed a battery of self-reported outcome measures...
June 15, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616424/evaluation-of-1-year-old-children-development-in-isfahan-city-and-its-effective-factors-using-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-in-2014
#17
Mehri Rejali, Soheila Pahlavni, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Attention to the development of children as the future generation that leads to the upbringing of productive human resources is an important subject. Development has dimensions that a child should acquire the skills related to them in proper age. Otherwise, he may be affected by developmental delays. There are different factors influencing children's developmental delays and this study is carried out to evaluate the developmental conditions of 1-year-old children in the Isfahan and its effective factors...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615374/a-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-bihar-india-indicates-that-nutritional-status-diet-and-stimulation-are-associated-with-motor-and-mental-development-in-young-children
#18
Leila M Larson, Melissa F Young, Usha Ramakrishnan, Amy Webb Girard, Pankaj Verma, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Sridhar Srikantiah, Reynaldo Martorell
Background: Many malnourished children in resource-poor settings fail to fulfill their developmental potential.Objectives: The objectives of this analysis were to examine the nutritional, psychosocial, environmental, and household correlates of child development in Bihar, India, and identify mediators between dietary diversity and mental development.Methods: Using 2-stage cluster randomized sampling, we surveyed 4360 households with children 6-18 mo of age in the West Champaran district of Bihar. We measured motor and mental development with the use of the Developmental Milestones Checklist II...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608616/whole-brain-structural-connectivity-in-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-and-its-association-with-motor-and-cognitive-function
#19
Júlia Ballester-Plané, Ruben Schmidt, Olga Laporta-Hoyos, Carme Junqué, Élida Vázquez, Ignacio Delgado, Leire Zubiaurre-Elorza, Alfons Macaya, Pilar Póo, Esther Toro, Marcel A de Reus, Martijn P van den Heuvel, Roser Pueyo
Dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP) has long been associated with basal ganglia and thalamus lesions. Recent evidence further points at white matter (WM) damage. This study aims to identify altered WM pathways in dyskinetic CP from a standardized, connectome-based approach, and to assess structure-function relationship in WM pathways for clinical outcomes. Individual connectome maps of 25 subjects with dyskinetic CP and 24 healthy controls were obtained combining a structural parcellation scheme with whole-brain deterministic tractography...
June 13, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608303/assessment-of-the-factorial-validity-and-reliability-of-the-alsfrs-r-a-revision-of-its-measurement-model
#20
Leonhard A Bakker, Carin D Schröder, Michael A van Es, Paul Westers, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Leonard H van den Berg
The amyotrophic lateral sclerosis functional rating scale-revised (ALSFRS-R) is a widely used primary outcome measure in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) clinical practice and clinical trials. ALSFRS-R items cannot, however, validly be summed to obtain a total score, but constitute domain scores reflecting a profile of disease severity. Currently, there are different measurement models for estimating domain scores. The objective of the present study is, therefore, to derive the measurement model that best fits the data for a valid and uniform estimation of ALSFRS-R domain scores...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Neurology
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