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Gross Motor

Nicholas Kelly, Helen Carey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Cornelia Putz, Ann- Kathrin Blessing, Sarah Erhard, Katharina Fiethen, Andreas Geisbüsch, Mirjam Niklasch, Leonhard Döderlein, Sebastian Immanuel Wolf, Thomas Dreher
BACKGROUND: Deterioration of gait in adolescent and adult patients with cerebral palsy can be associated with multiple factors. Multilevel surgery (MLS) is one option in adults with cerebral palsy to improve gait function with encouraging short-term results. It is a question whether these improvements are maintained over time. METHODS: In a retrospective consecutive cohort study, adults with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BSCP) treated with MLS between 1995 and 2011 were scanned for potential inclusion...
June 20, 2018: International Orthopaedics
John F Stins, Claudia Emck
Children with autism not only have limited social and communicative skills but also have motor abnormalities, such as poor timing and coordination of balance. Moreover, impaired gross motor skills hamper participation with peers. Balance control is interesting from a cognitive science perspective, since it involves a complex interplay between information processing, motor planning, and timing and sequencing of muscle movements. In this paper, we discuss the background of motor problems in children with autism, focusing on how posture is informed by sensory information processing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jocelyn M Moulton, Crystal Cole, Nicola D Ridgers, Genevieve Pepin, Lisa M Barnett
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the face validity and the reliability of a pictorial scale to assess preschool children's perceived movement skills. METHODS: The pictorial scale examines the perceptions of the 12 fundamental movement skills presented in the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 (six locomotor and six object control skills) and six active play skills (e.g. cycling). A total of 91 Australian children aged four to five years from 14 preschools completed the scale on two occasions to determine test-retest reliability...
June 19, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Andrew Miller, Narelle Eather, Mitch Duncan, David Revalds Lubans
This study investigated if object control relates to children's game play competence, and examined these competencies as correlates of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. Game play (Game Performance Assessment Instrument), object control (The Test Gross Motor Development-3), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (Accelerometry), and cardiorespiratory fitness (20-metre shuttle) assessments were completed for 107 children (57% Female, 43% Male) aged 9-12 years (M 10.53, SD 0.65). Two-level regression of object control on game play competence, and object control and game play competence on physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness assessed associations...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Orlagh Farmer, Sarahjane Belton, Wesley O'Brien
This study examines the relationship between actual fundamental motor skill (FMS) proficiency, perceived motor confidence and competence, and physical activity (PA) among female children ( n = 160; mean age = 10.69 ± 1.40 years). The Test of Gross Motor Development-2nd Edition (TGMD-2) was used to assess seven FMSs (locomotor, object-control, and stability). Motor confidence and competence were assessed using a valid skill-specific scale, and a modified version of the Self-Perception Profile for Children. PA levels were assessed using self-report (PA Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C)) and classified as low, moderate, and high active...
September 27, 2017: Sports
Jeff R Crane, John T Foley, Patti-Jean Naylor, Viviene A Temple
As children transition from early to middle childhood, the relationship between motor skill proficiency and perceptions of physical competence should strengthen as skills improve and inflated early childhood perceptions decrease. This study examined change in motor skills and perceptions of physical competence and the relationship between those variables from kindergarten to grade 2. Participants were 250 boys and girls (Mean age = 5 years 8 months in kindergarten). Motor skills were assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 and perceptions were assessed using a pictorial scale of perceived competence...
August 10, 2017: Sports
Leah E Robinson, Kara K Palmer
Assessing children's perceptions of their movement abilities (i.e., perceived competence) is traditionally done using picture scales-Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Acceptance for Young Children or Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence. Pictures fail to capture the temporal components of movement. To address this limitation, we created a digital-based instrument to assess perceived motor competence: the Digital Scale of Perceived Motor Competence. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity, reliability, and internal consistency of the Digital-based Scale of Perceived Motor Skill Competence...
July 4, 2017: Sports
Kursad Aydin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study was designed to assess clinical characteristics and nutritional status of pediatric outpatients with cerebral palsy (CP) and to determine prevalence of malnutrition based on physicians' clinical judgment and on anthropometric data in relation to percentile reference values. METHODS: A total of 1108 pediatric neurology outpatients (mean ± SEM age: 7.2 ± 0.1 years, 59.3% were males) diagnosed with CP were included in this cross-sectional, non-interventional multicenter single-visit study conducted between October 2015 and July 2016 at 20 centers across Turkey...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Harshada H Sant, Sanjay P Sane
Insect antennae are sensory organs of great importance because they can sense diverse environmental stimuli. In addition to serving as primary olfactory organs of insects, antennae also sense a wide variety of mechanosensory stimuli, ranging from low-frequency airflow or gravity cues to high-frequency antennal vibrations due to sound, flight or touch. The basal segments of the antennae house multiple types of mechanosensory structures that prominently include the sensory hair plates, or Böhm's bristles, which measure the gross extent of antennal movement, and a ring of highly sensitive scolopidial neurons, collectively called the Johnston's organs, which record subtle flagellar vibrations...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Tatsuharu Sato, Mitsuhiro Kato, Kaoru Moriyama, Kohei Haraguchi, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Moriuchi
BACKGROUND: Tubulinopathies include a wide spectrum of disorders ranging from abnormal ocular movement to severe brain malformations, and typically present as diffuse agyria or perisylvian pachygyria with microcephaly, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and cerebellar hypoplasia. They are caused by the dysfunction of tubulins encoded by tubulin-related genes, and the TUBA1A gene encoding alpha-1A tubulin is most frequently responsible for this clinical entity. Porencephaly is relatively rare among patients with the TUBA1A mutations...
June 12, 2018: Brain & Development
Ayako Senju, Masayuki Shimono, Mayumi Tsuji, Reiko Suga, Eiji Shibata, Yoshihisa Fujino, Toshihiro Kawamoto, Koichi Kusuhara
BACKGROUND: During routine health screenings, pediatricians may note that some infants cannot maintain the prone position with an extended arm support at 6 months. However, little is known regarding the development of full-term infants with this developmental deviation. We investigated the developmental course of infants exhibiting this characteristic. METHODS: We included 2020 full-term infants from a regional center for the Japan Environment and Children's Study...
June 14, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Q Q Jin, G Q Wu, W W Peng, X L Xia, L Hu, G D Iannetti
There is now compelling evidence that selective stimulation of Aδ nociceptors eliciting first pain evokes robust responses in the primary somatosensory cortex (S1). In contrast, whether the C-fiber nociceptive input eliciting second pain has an organized projection to S1 remains an open question. Here, we recorded the electrocortical responses elicited by nociceptive-specific laser stimulation of the four limbs in 202 humans (both males and females, using EEG) and 12 freely moving rats (all males, using ECoG)...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Fares Ould-Brahim, Sailendra Nath Sarma, Charvi Syal, Kevin Jiaqi Lu, Matthew Seegobin, Anthony Carter, Matthew S Jeffers, Carole Doré, William Stanford, Dale Corbett, Jing Wang
While transplantation of hiPSC-derived neural stem cells (hiPSC-NSCs) shows therapeutic potential in animal stroke models, major concerns for translating hiPSC therapy to the clinic are efficacy and safety. Therefore, there is a demand to develop an optimal strategy to enhance the engraftment and regenerative capacity of transplanted hiPSC-NSCs in order to produce fully differentiated neural cells to replace lost brain tissues. Metformin, an FDA approved drug, is an optimal neuroregenerative agent that not only promotes NSC proliferation but also drives NSC towards differentiation...
June 12, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
Eszter Vojcek, Márta Csécsei, Edina Flach, Gábor Rudas, Rózsa Gráf, Erzsébet Princzkel
Background and purpose: We aimed to analyze patient characteristics of term neonates with the diagnosis of stroke between 2006 and 2017 at the 3rd level Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Szent János Hospital. Methods: We conducted a retrospective and prospective analysis including 18 newborns with stroke. Presentation, imaging methods, etiology and clinical context were discussed. All patients had a follow-up at 2 years of age or later. Subject of the study - In the past 10 years 17 term born and one premature neonate born at 36 weeks of age were diagnosed with stroke in our unit...
March 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Ruth Grychtol, Elaine Y Chan
Patients with cerebral palsy (CP), especially those at the severe end of the spectrum (Gross Motor Function Classification System levels IV-V equivalent), frequently suffer from sleep disturbance and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly used in this patient group, albeit with little published evidence of its effectiveness in CP. This article aims to review the current evidence in the use of NIV in children with CP, highlighting areas of uncertainties, as well as the balance of potential risks, challenges and benefits...
June 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Jon R Davids
Optimal clinical decision making and surgical management of hip dysplasia in children with cerebral palsy (CP) requires an understanding of the underlying pathophysiology (pathomechanics and pathoanatomy), incidence, and natural history. The incidence of hip dysplasia in children with CP is directly related to the degree of motor impairment. A subluxated or dislocated hip in a child with CP can compromise the quality of life for both the child and their caregivers. The goal of this article is to highlight the events over the last 25 years that have had the greatest impact on the management of hip dysplasia in children with CP...
July 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Lisa M Askie, Brian A Darlow, Neil Finer, Barbara Schmidt, Ben Stenson, William Tarnow-Mordi, Peter G Davis, Waldemar A Carlo, Peter Brocklehurst, Lucy C Davies, Abhik Das, Wade Rich, Marie G Gantz, Robin S Roberts, Robin K Whyte, Lorrie Costantini, Christian Poets, Elizabeth Asztalos, Malcolm Battin, Henry L Halliday, Neil Marlow, Win Tin, Andrew King, Edmund Juszczak, Colin J Morley, Lex W Doyle, Val Gebski, Kylie E Hunter, Robert J Simes
Importance: There are potential benefits and harms of hyperoxemia and hypoxemia for extremely preterm infants receiving more vs less supplemental oxygen. Objective: To compare the effects of different target ranges for oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (Spo2) on death or major morbidity. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospectively planned meta-analysis of individual participant data from 5 randomized clinical trials (conducted from 2005-2014) enrolling infants born before 28 weeks' gestation...
June 5, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Ja Young Choi, Jieun Park, Yoon Seong Choi, Yu Ra Goh, Eun Sook Park
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate communication function using classification systems and its association with other functional profiles, including gross motor function, manual ability, intellectual functioning, and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics in children with cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study recruited 117 individuals with CP aged from 4 to 16 years. The Communication Function Classification System (CFCS), Viking Speech Scale (VSS), Speech Language Profile Groups (SLPG), Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), and intellectual functioning were assessed in the children along with brain MRI categorization...
July 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Julie Paradis, Carlyne Arnould, Jean-Louis Thonnard, Laëtitia Houx, Christelle Pons-Becmeur, Anne Renders, Sylvain Brochard, Yannick Bleyenheuft
AIM: To investigate the responsiveness of the ACTIVLIM-CP questionnaire after two evidence-based interventions for children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Seventy-five children with CP either participated in an intensive motor-skill learning intervention (hand-arm bimanual intensive therapy including lower extremities [HABIT-ILE], n=47) or received botulinum neurotoxin-A (BoNT-A) injection(s) into lower extremities combined with conventional physical therapy (n=28)...
June 4, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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