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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109703/investigation-of-anogenital-distance-as-a-diagnostic-tool-in-endometriosis
#1
Maria L Sánchez-Ferrer, Jaime Mendiola, Raquel Jiménez-Velázquez, Laura Cánovas-López, Shiana Corbalán-Biyang, Ana I Hernández-Peñalver, Ana Carmona-Barnosi, Ana B Maldonado-Cárceles, Maria T Prieto-Sánchez, Francisco Machado-Linde, Anibal Nieto, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
An association between anogenital distance (AGD) and endometriosis has been reported, suggesting that AGD may be a useful clinical tool in endometriosis. The predictive ability of AGD of women in discriminating presence and type of endometriosis was examined. A case-control study was conducted at the University Hospital 'Virgen de la Arrixaca', Murcia, Spain, between 2014 and 2015. A total of 114 participants diagnosed with endometriosis using ultrasound findings and 105 controls were recruited. Two AGD measurements were obtained: one from the anterior clitoral surface to the upper verge of the anus (AGDAC), and another one from the posterior fourchette to the upper verge of the anus (AGDAF)...
January 10, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102579/anatomical-organization-and-somatic-axonal-components-of-the-lumbosacral-nerves-in-female-rabbits
#2
Yolanda Cruz, Isela Hernández-Plata, Rosa Angélica Lucio, René Zempoalteca, Francisco Castelán, Margarita Martínez-Gómez
AIM: To determine the anatomical organization and somatic axonal components of the lumbosacral nerves in female rabbits. METHODS: Chinchilla adult anesthetized female rabbits were used. Anatomical, electrophysiological, and histological studies were performed. RESULTS: L7, S1, and some fibers from S2 and S3 form the lumbosacral trunk, which gives origin to the sciatic nerve and innervation to the gluteal region. From S2 to S3 originates the pudendal nerve, whose branches innervates the striated anal and urethra sphincters, as well as the bulbospongiosus, ischiocavernosus, and constrictor vulvae muscles...
January 19, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087356/long-term-sensitivity-and-patient-reported-functionality-of-the-neoclitoris-after-gender-reassignment-surgery
#3
Hannes Sigurjónsson, Caroline Möllermark, Johan Rinder, Filip Farnebo, T Kalle Lundgren
INTRODUCTION: A cornerstone of treating gender dysphoria for transgender women is gender reassignment surgery (GRS) encompassing vaginoplasty and clitoroplasty. The neoclitoris is harvested as a flap with a neurovascular pedicle from the proximal dorsal part of the glans penis. Few long-term follow-ups exist on postoperative sensation and patient-reported sexual functionality of the neoclitoris. AIM: To examine the sensitivity of the neoclitoris and its relation to orgasm and sexual function at least 1 year after GRS...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080901/cerebellar-and-mesencephalon-neoplasia-in-a-nile-hipoppotamus-hippopotamus-amphibious
#4
Francesca Schiaffino, Samantha J Sander, Marcia E Pereira Bacares, Katie J Barnes, Matti Kiupel, Timothy Walsh, Suzan Murray
A 52-yr-old female Nile hippopotamus ( Hippopotamus amphibious ) was presented for acute onset anorexia, depression, lethargy, instability, and weakness in the pelvic limbs. Clinical signs were rapidly progressive, despite empiric therapy with anti-inflammatory medications, resulting in the death of the animal. Gross necropsy evaluation revealed two tan, firm masses in the cerebellum and mesencephalon and a single mass in the right cranial adrenal gland. All three masses had a similar histologic morphology, and immunohistochemical investigation confirmed the general diagnosis of an adenocarcinoma, but the exact cell of origin remains unclear...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079769/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-relapse-and-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation
#5
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Francesco Bianchi Demicheli, Alexia Willame, Nathalie Recordon, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Evidence on clitoral reconstruction after female genital mutilation is lacking. CASE: A woman with female genital mutilation experiencing clitoral pain during sex consulted to undergo clitoral reconstruction. The surgery was complicated by a wound infection responsible for severe postoperative pain. Such genital pain made our patient recall the traumatic experience of genital mutilation and experience a relapse of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062016/spontaneous-clitoral-abscess-a-rare-gynaecologic-entity
#6
Lauren Jain, Stephanie Lapinsky, Eva Mocarski, Sari Kives
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061900/a-clitoral-verrucous-carcinoma-in-an-area-of-lichen-planus-has-aggressive-features
#7
Wiebren A A Tjalma, Vasiliki Siozopoulou, Manon T Huizing
BACKGROUND: Verrucous carcinoma of the vulva is extremely rare. It is a slow growing, low malignant variant of a squamous cell carcinoma with a cauliflower appearance. Women with lichen planus have an increased risk of developing vulval cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 79-year-old woman consulted for vulval itching. On clinical examination, a 3-cm large verrucous clitoral cancer in an area of lichen planus was seen. Based on her last clinical examination, the growth was estimated to be 1 cm(2) per month with an invasion depth after 6 months of 5 mm...
January 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994874/pelvic-congestion-syndrome-masquerading-as-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip
#8
Scott J Dos Santos, Mark S Whiteley
OBJECTIVES: Pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) is associated with pelvic vein reflux (PVR), occasionally secondary to venous compression. Its symptoms, usually intra-pelvic, are alleviated following the abolition of this reflux by pelvic vein embolisation (PVE). The objective of this report is to present two cases of left hip pain, erroneously diagnosed as osteoarthritis, which disappeared after successful PVE and abolition of PVR. METHODS: Two females presented with lower limb varicose veins, and also had a history of left-sided hip pain...
2016: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988269/assessment-of-vulvar-discomfort-with-sexual-activity-among-women-in-the-united-states
#9
Kathryn E Flynn, Jeanne Carter, Li Lin, Stacy T Lindau, Diana D Jeffery, Jennifer Barsky Reese, Bethanee J Schlosser, Kevin P Weinfurt
BACKGROUND: Multidimensional self-report measures of sexual function for women do not include the assessment of vulvar discomfort, limiting our understanding of its prevalence. In an effort to improve the measurement of patient-reported health, the National Institutes of Health funded the creation of the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS). This included the development of the PROMIS Sexual Function and Satisfaction measure, and version 2.0 of the Sexual Function and Satisfaction measure included 2 scales to measure vulvar discomfort with sexual activity...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966246/commentary-on-the-evolutionary-origin-of-female-orgasm-by-m-pavlicev-and-g-wagner-2016-j-exp-zool-mol-dev-evol-326-6-326-337
#10
Barry R Komisaruk
Evidence is presented as an alternative to the authors' claims that in the course of evolution, a link between orgasm and ovulation has been lost in women, that evolutionary changes in clitoral anatomy underlie this loss, and that women's orgasm plays no significant role in reproduction.
December 14, 2016: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960026/the-impact-of-a-topical-sexual-enhancement-cream-on-the-female-sexual-response-and-its-relationship-to-clitoral-blood-flow
#11
Michael Pelekanos, Guy M Stofman, Neil Niren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to determine, through two Investigational Review Board (IRB)-approved studies, if a new topical vasodilating cream (NTVC; Life Science Enhancement Corporation, Pittsburgh PA) could improve female sexual response. Study I subjectively evaluated sexual female response as accessed by a modification of the Female Intervention Efficacy Index (FIEI). FIEI was developed at the University of California as an immediate outcome measure of medical intervention to treat female sexual dysfunction...
December 13, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931081/presence-and-distribution-of-yeasts-in-the-reproductive-tract-of-healthy-female-horses
#12
A Azarvandi, A R Khosravi, H Shokri, M Talebkhan Garoussi, F Gharahgouzlou, G Vahedi, A Sharifzadeh
BACKGROUND: Yeasts are commensal organisms found in the reproductive and gastrointestinal tracts, and on the skin and other mucosa in mammals. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to isolate and identify the yeast flora in the caudal reproductive tract of healthy female horses. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: A total of 453 samples were collected using double guarded swabs from the vestibule, clitoral fossa and vagina of 151 horses...
December 8, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918337/the-effects-of-a-genital-vibratory-stimulation-device-on-sexual-function-and-genital-sensation
#13
Marsha K Guess, Kathleen A Connell, Scott Chudnoff, Olusola Adekoya, Cherrilyn Richmond, Kayla E Nixon, Katherine Freeman, Arnold Melman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a genital vibratory stimulation device in improving sexual function in women with arousal and orgasm disorders. METHODS: In this single-arm, prospective study, baseline and 1- and 3-month assessments were performed to evaluate women with sexual arousal and/or orgasmic disorders, who received therapy using a genital vibratory stimulation device. Sexual function, satisfaction, and distress were evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), the Female Sexual Distress Scale, and the Female Intervention Efficacy Index questionnaires...
December 1, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914563/differential-effects-of-testosterone-and-estradiol-on-clitoral-function-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#14
Paolo Comeglio, Ilaria Cellai, Sandra Filippi, Chiara Corno, Francesca Corcetto, Annamaria Morelli, Elena Maneschi, Elisa Maseroli, Edoardo Mannucci, Massimiliano Fambrini, Mario Maggi, Linda Vignozzi
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual response is a complex phenomenon in which psychological, neurologic, and vascular mechanisms and hormonal factors interact. During the arousal phase, they cooperate to increase genital blood flow, thus inducing engorgement of the clitoris and lubrication of the vagina. Regulation of vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle tone is the crucial event in the erectile process. Preclinical studies have suggested that nitric oxide (NO) is the main vasodilator neurotransmitter modulating, through the second messenger cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), clitoral flow vessels...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908210/the-sexuological-impact-of-hormonal-contraceptives-based-on-their-route-of-administration
#15
Maurizio Guida, Costantino Di Carlo, Jacopo Troisi, Alessandra Gallo, Francesca Cibarelli, Ellis Martini, Lara Tiranini, Rossella E Nappi
Evidence on the effects of hormonal contraceptives on female sexuality is conflicting. We enrolled 556 women, divided into six groups: two composed of subjects using a combined hormonal contraceptive (COC) containing 0.020 ("COC20") and 0.030 ("COC30") mg of ethynyl estradiol (EE), "natural", using COC containing 1.5 mg of estradiol (E2), "ring", using a vaginal ring releasing each day 0.015 mg of EE + 0.120 of etonogestrel, "subcutaneous", using a progestin only subcutaneous contraceptive implant releasing etonogestrel and "controls", using no hormonal contraceptive methods...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867747/early-diagnosis-of-genital-mucosal-melanoma-how-good-are-our-dermoscopic-criteria
#16
Tova Rogers, Melissa Pulitzer, Maria L Marino, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Oliver Zivanovic, Michael A Marchetti
BACKGROUND: There are limited studies on the dermoscopic features of mucosal melanoma, particularly early-stage lesions. Described criteria include the presence of blue, gray, or white colors, with a reported sensitivity of 100%. It is unclear if these features will aid in the detection of early mucosal melanoma or improve diagnostic accuracy compared to naked-eye examination alone. CASE: An Asian female in her fifties was referred for evaluation of an asymptomatic, irregularly pigmented patch of the clitoral hood and labia minora of unknown duration...
October 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821748/spatiotemporal-dynamics-of-androgen-signaling-underlie-sexual-differentiation-and-congenital-malformations-of-the-urethra-and-vagina
#17
Christine E Larkins, Ana B Enriquez, Martin J Cohn
Disorders of sex development (DSDs) are congenital anomalies that affect sexual differentiation of genitourinary organs and secondary sex characters. A common cause of female genital virilization is congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), in which excess androgen production during development of 46XX females can result in vaginal atresia, masculinization of the urethra, a single urogenital sinus, and clitoral hypertrophy or ambiguous external genitalia. Development of the vagina depends on sexual differentiation of the urogenital sinus ridge, an epithelial thickening that forms where the sex ducts attach to the anterior urethra...
November 22, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818132/plexiform-schwannoma-an-unusual-clitoral-mass
#18
Anne G Sammarco, Noor M Abualnadi, Elizabeth A Andraska, Paige V Tracy, Mitchell B Berger, Hope K Haefner
Acquired clitoral enlargement is a rare condition resulting from a variety of etiologies, including tumors and excess androgens. Few cases of nonmalignant schwannoma, a benign tumor of the peripheral nerve sheath, have been reported in the literature as causes of clitoral enlargement in patients without known neurofibromatosis. These painless, slow-growing tumors rarely recur once excised. We present the initial investigation of a patient with a large clitoral schwannoma and subsequent treatment with partial vulvectomy...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799078/determinants-of-female-sexual-orgasms
#19
Osmo Kontula, Anneli Miettinen
BACKGROUND: The pursuit of sexual pleasure is a key motivating factor in sexual activity. Many things can stand in the way of sexual orgasms and enjoyment, particularly among women. These are essential issues of sexual well-being and gender equality. OBJECTIVE: This study presents long-term trends and determinants of female orgasms in Finland. The aim is to analyze the roles of factors such as the personal importance of orgasms, sexual desire, masturbation, clitoral and vaginal stimulation, sexual self-esteem, communication with partner, and partner's sexual techniques...
2016: Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791968/the-whole-versus-the-sum-of-some-of-the-parts-toward-resolving-the-apparent-controversy-of-clitoral-versus-vaginal-orgasms
#20
James G Pfaus, Gonzalo R Quintana, Conall Mac Cionnaith, Mayte Parada
BACKGROUND: The nature of a woman's orgasm has been a source of scientific, political, and cultural debate for over a century. Since the Victorian era, the pendulum has swung from the vagina to the clitoris, and to some extent back again, with the current debate stuck over whether internal sensory structures exist in the vagina that could account for orgasms based largely on their stimulation, or whether stimulation of the external glans clitoris is always necessary for orgasm. METHOD: We review the history of the clitoral versus vaginal orgasm debate as it has evolved with conflicting ideas and data from psychiatry and psychoanalysis, epidemiology, evolutionary theory, feminist political theory, physiology, and finally neuroscience...
2016: Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology
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