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Disaster competencies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659722/a-joint-spatial-factor-analysis-model-to-accommodate-data-from-misaligned-areal-units-with-application-to-louisiana-social-vulnerability
#1
Rachel C Nethery, Dale P Sandler, Shanshan Zhao, Lawrence S Engel, Richard K Kwok
With the threat of climate change looming, the public health community has an interest in identifying communities at the highest risk of devastation based not only on geographic features but also on social characteristics. Indices of community social vulnerability can be created by applying a spatial factor analysis to a set of relevant social variables measured for each community; however, current spatial factor analysis methodology is ill-equipped to handle spatially misaligned data. We introduce a joint spatial factor analysis model that can accommodate spatial data from two distinct partitions of a geographic space and identify a common set of latent factors underlying them...
April 5, 2018: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609618/what-should-the-african-health-workforce-know-about-disasters-proposed-competencies-for-strengthening-public-health-disaster-risk-management-education-in-africa
#2
Olushayo Olu, Abdulmumini Usman, Kalula Kalambay, Stella Anyangwe, Kuku Voyi, Christopher Garimoi Orach, Aklilu Azazh, Mala Ali Mapatano, Ngoy Nsenga, Lucien Manga, Solomon Woldetsadik, Francois Nguessan, Angela Benson
BACKGROUND: As part of efforts to implement the human resources capacity building component of the African Regional Strategy on Disaster Risk Management (DRM) for the health sector, the African Regional Office of the World Health Organization, in collaboration with selected African public health training institutions, followed a multistage process to develop core competencies and curricula for training the African health workforce in public health DRM. In this article, we describe the methods used to develop the competencies, present the identified competencies and training curricula, and propose recommendations for their integration into the public health education curricula of African member states...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565241/preparing-for-the-surge-a-half-day-emergency-preparedness-training-course-for-the-second-front
#3
Lancer A Scott, Layne A Madden, Amy E Wahlquist, Daniel W Fisher
Purpose Clinical disaster medicine requires providers working collaboratively to care for multiple patients, yet many clinicians lack competency-based training. A 5-hour emergency preparedness training (EPT) curriculum was created using didactics, small group discussion, and scenario-based learning. The goal was to evaluate the effect of a short course on improving clinical-provider knowledge, confidence and skill. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a medical university between 2011 and 2014...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468626/deployment-of-field-hospitals-to-disaster-regions-insights-from-ten-medical-relief-operations-spanning-three-decades
#4
Michael Naor, Samuel N Heyman, Tarif Bader, Ofer Merin
OBJECTIVE: The Israeli Defense Force (IDF) Medical Corps developed a model of airborne field hospital. This model was structured to deal with disaster settings, requiring self-sufficiency, innovation and flexible operative mode in the setup of large margins of uncertainty regarding the disaster environment. The current study is aimed to critically analyze the experience, gathered in ten such missions worldwide. METHODS: Interviews with physicians who actively participated in the missions from 1988 until 2015 as chief medical officers combined with literature review of principal medical and auxiliary publications in order to assess and integrate information about the assembly of these missions...
October 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463340/evaluation-of-a-novel-disaster-nursing-education-method
#5
Kristin Levoy, Summer D DeBastiani, Brian E McCabe
OBJECTIVE: A common method of disaster training is needed to improve disaster nursing education and facilitate better communication among interprofessional disaster responders. To inform the development of disaster nursing curricula, a novel disaster nursing education method consistent with Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) and the International Council of Nurses (ICN) framework was developed to improve disaster nursing competencies in a baccalaureate nursing program...
February 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420257/psychological-resilience-and-post-traumatic-growth-in-disaster-exposed-organisations-overview-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Samantha Brooks, R Amlôt, G J Rubin, N Greenberg
As disasters become increasingly prevalent, and reported on, a wealth of literature on post-disaster mental health has been published. Most published evidence focuses on symptoms of mental health problems (such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety) and psychosocial factors increasing the risk of such symptoms. However, a recent shift in the literature has moved to exploring resilience and the absence of adverse lasting mental health effects following a disaster. This paper undertakes a qualitative review of the literature to explore factors affecting psychological resilience, as well as the potential positive impact of experiencing a disaster (post-traumatic growth) by examining the literature on employees in disaster-exposed organisations...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#7
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317001/video-based-learning-vs-traditional-lecture-for-instructing-emergency-medicine-residents-in-disaster-medicine-principles-of-mass-triage-decontamination-and-personal-protective-equipment
#8
Henry A Curtis, Karen Trang, Kevin W Chason, Paul D Biddinger
Introduction Great demands have been placed on disaster medicine educators. There is a need to develop innovative methods to educate Emergency Physicians in the ever-expanding body of disaster medicine knowledge. The authors sought to demonstrate that video-based learning (VBL) could be a promising alternative to traditional learning methods for teaching disaster medicine core competencies. Hypothesis/Problem The objective was to compare VBL to traditional lecture (TL) for instructing Emergency Medicine residents in the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP; Irving, Texas USA) disaster medicine core competencies of patient triage and decontamination...
February 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261748/children-s-emotional-experience-two-years-after-an-earthquake-an-exploration-of-knowledge-of-earthquakes-and-associated-emotions
#9
Daniela Raccanello, Roberto Burro, Rob Hall
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether and how the exposure to a natural disaster such as the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake affected the development of children's emotional competence in terms of understanding, regulating, and expressing emotions, after two years, when compared with a control group not exposed to the earthquake. We also examined the role of class level and gender. METHOD: The sample included two groups of children (n = 127) attending primary school: The experimental group (n = 65) experienced the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake, while the control group (n = 62) did not...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236580/measures-of-emergency-preparedness-contributing-to-nursing-home-resilience
#10
Sandi J Lane, Elizabeth McGrady
Resilience approaches have been successfully applied in crisis management, disaster response, and high reliability organizations and have the potential to enhance existing systems of nursing home disaster preparedness. This study's purpose was to determine how the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) "Emergency Preparedness Checklist Recommended Tool for Effective Health Care Facility Planning" contributes to organizational resilience by identifying the benchmark resilience items addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist and items not addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist, and to recommend tools and processes to improve resilience for nursing homes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149064/who-participates-in-the-great-shakeout-why-audience-segmentation-is-the-future-of-disaster-preparedness-campaigns
#11
Rachel M Adams, Beth Karlin, David P Eisenman, Johanna Blakley, Deborah Glik
Background : In 2008, the Southern California Earthquake Center in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program launched the first annual Great ShakeOut, the largest earthquake preparedness drill in the history of the United States. Materials and Methods : We collected online survey data from 2052 campaign registrants to assess how people participated, whether audience segments shared behavioral patterns, and whether these segments were associated with five social cognitive factors targeted by the ShakeOut campaign...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115073/assessment-of-competence-in-emergency-medicine-among-healthcare-professionals-in-cameroon
#12
Sang Chul Kim, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Dae Han Wi, Joongsik Jeong, Ju Ok Park, Kyong Min Sun, Kwangsoo Bae
Development of a competence-based curriculum is important. This study aimed to develop competence assessment tools in emergency medicine and use it to assess competence of Cameroonian healthcare professionals. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Through literature review, expert survey, and discrimination tests, we developed a self-survey questionnaire and a scenario-based competence assessment tool for assessing clinical knowledge and self-confidence to perform clinical practices or procedures. The self-survey consisted of 23 domains and 94 questionnaires on a 5-point Likert scale...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070085/the-south-dakota-model-health-care-professions-student-disaster-preparedness-and-deployment-training
#13
Matt P Owens, Cheri Buffington, Michael P Frost, Randall J Waldner
OBJECTIVE: The Association of American Medical Colleges recommended an increase in medical education for public health emergencies, bioterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction in 2003. The University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine (USD SSOM) implemented a 1-day training event to provide disaster preparedness training and deployment organization for health professions students called Disaster Training Day (DTD). METHODS: Hospital staff and emergency medical services personnel provided the lecture portion of DTD using Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS; National Disaster Life Support Foundation) as the framework...
December 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032912/experiences-of-civilian-nurses-in-triage-during-the-iran-iraq-war-an-oral-history
#14
Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi, Ali Zargham-Boroujeni, Mayumi Kako, Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad
PURPOSE: Nurses played a critical role in performing triage during the Iran-Iraq War. However, their experiences in triage have not been discussed. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the triage experiences of civilian nurses during the Iran-Iraq War. METHODS: Oral history method and in-depth interviews were used to collect data to gain the nurses' experiences in triage. RESULTS: Four themes were extracted from the data, which were the development of triage, challenging environment to perform triage, development of mobile triage teams, and challenges of triage chemical victims for nurses...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985913/factors-influencing-disaster-nursing-core-competencies-of-emergency-nurses
#15
Hye-Young Park, Ji-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Emergency nurses are expected to provide required nursing services by using their professional expertise to reduce the risk posed by disasters. Thus, emergency nurses' disaster nursing core competencies are essential for coping with disasters. The purpose of the study reported here was to identify factors influencing the disaster nursing core competencies of emergency nurses. METHODS: A survey was conducted among 231 emergency nurses working in 12 hospitals in South Korea...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961656/a-framework-for-integrating-environmental-and-occupational-health-and-primary-care-in-a-postdisaster-context
#16
Katherine Kirkland, Mya Sherman, Hannah Covert, Grace Barlet, Maureen Lichtveld
CONTEXT: Integration of environmental and occupational health (EOH) into primary care settings is a critical step to addressing the EOH concerns of a community, particularly in a postdisaster context. Several barriers to EOH integration exist at the physician, patient, and health care system levels. PROGRAM: This article presents a framework for improving the health system's capacity to address EOH after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and illustrates its application in the Environmental and Occupational Health Education and Referral (EOHER) program...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960808/development-of-a-course-on-complex-humanitarian-emergencies-preparation-for-the-impact-of-climate-change
#17
Holly Williams, Elizabeth Downes
PURPOSE: The effects of climate change are far-reaching and multifactorial, with potential impacts on food security and conflict. Large population movements, whether from the aftermath of natural disasters or resulting from conflict, can precipitate the need for humanitarian response in what can become complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs). Nurses need to be prepared to respond to affected communities in need, whether the emergency is domestic or global. The purpose of the article is to describe a novel course for nursing students interested in practice within the confines of CHEs and natural disasters...
November 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854997/midwives-professional-competencies-for-preventing-maternal-mortality-in-disasters-a-cross-sectional-study-in-iran
#18
Ziba Taghizadeh, Mahsa Khoshnam Rad, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
OBJECTIVE: Maternal mortality may increase after a disaster. Because midwives are at the frontline of offering reproductive health care services in disasters, they should be competent. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study carried out in 2015 in Tehran. The sample consisted of 361 midwives selected by use of a cluster random sampling method. Data were collected by using a questionnaire on professional competency for preventing maternal mortality in disasters...
August 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854146/evaluation-of-the-carcinogenic-risks-at-the-influence-of-pops
#19
Aiman Nazhmetdinova, Adlet Kassymbayev, Altinay Chalginbayeva
INTRODUCTION: Kazakhstan is included in the list of environmentally vulnerable countries and Kyzylorda oblast in particular. This is due to its geographical, spatial and temporal and socioeconomic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of the program "Integrated approaches in the management of public health in the Aral region", we have carried out an expertise on many samples of natural environments and products. Samples were selected in accordance with sampling procedures according to regulatory documents by specialists of the Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory...
December 20, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841765/enabling-a-disaster-resilient-workforce-attending-to-individual-stress-and-collective-trauma
#20
Victoria H Raveis, Nancy VanDevanter, Christine T Kovner, Robyn Gershon
PURPOSE: Superstorm Sandy forced the evacuation and extended shutdown of New York University Langone Medical Center. This investigation explored how nurses were impacted by the disasters and how they can best be supported in their nursing responsibilities. DESIGN: Sequential mixed methods were used to explore the psychosocial issues nurses experienced throughout the course of this natural disaster and its lingering aftermath. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted from April to June 2013 with a subsample of nurses who participated in the evacuation deployment (n = 16)...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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