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Disaster competencies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917306/education-and-training-of-emergency-medical-teams-recommendations-for-a-global-operational-learning-framework
#1
Nieves Amat Camacho, Amy Hughes, Frederick M Burkle, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Luca Ragazzoni, Anthony Redmond, Ian Norton, Johan von Schreeb
An increasing number of international emergency medical teams are deployed to assist disaster-affected populations worldwide. Since Haiti earthquake those teams have been criticised for ill adapted care, lack of preparedness in addition to not coordinating with the affected country healthcare system. The Emergency Medical Teams (EMTs) initiative, as part of the Word Health Organization's Global Health Emergency Workforce program, aims to address these shortcomings by improved EMT coordination, and mechanisms to ensure quality and accountability of national and international EMTs...
October 21, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863573/national-disaster-health-consortium-competency-based-training-and-a-report-on-the-american-nurses-credentialing-center-disaster-certification-development
#2
REVIEW
Sherrill J Smith, Sharon L Farra
As the largest profession of health care providers, nurses are an integral component of disaster response. Having clearly delineated competencies and developing training to acquire those competencies are needed to ensure nurses are ready when disasters occur. This article provides a review of nursing and interprofessional disaster competencies and development of a new interprofessional disaster certification. An overview of a standardized disaster training program, the National Disaster Health Consortium, is provided as an exemplar of a competency-based interprofessional disaster education program...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813181/international-tourists-reactions-to-a-natural-disaster-experiences-of-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal-among-israeli-travelers
#3
Haya Itzhaky, Karni Kissil, Shlomit Weiss-Dagan
There is a scarcity of research exploring the experiences of foreign travelers exposed to natural disasters while abroad. This qualitative study explored the experiences of the 2015 earthquake in Nepal among international travelers immediately following the earthquake. In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 Israeli backpackers who were traveling in Nepal at the time of the earthquake. Thematic analysis revealed 4 themes: emotional turmoil, quick recovery, springing into action, and connection to the army...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763525/the-need-for-a-definition-of-big-data-for-nursing-science-a-case-study-of-disaster-preparedness
#4
Ho Ting Wong, Vico Chung Lim Chiang, Kup Sze Choi, Alice Yuen Loke
The rapid development of technology has made enormous volumes of data available and achievable anytime and anywhere around the world. Data scientists call this change a data era and have introduced the term "Big Data", which has drawn the attention of nursing scholars. Nevertheless, the concept of Big Data is quite fuzzy and there is no agreement on its definition among researchers of different disciplines. Without a clear consensus on this issue, nursing scholars who are relatively new to the concept may consider Big Data to be merely a dataset of a bigger size...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760535/the-haiti-medical-education-project-development-and-analysis-of-a-competency-based-continuing-medical-education-course-in-haiti-through-distance-learning
#5
Robert Battat, Marc Jhonson, Lorne Wiseblatt, Cruff Renard, Laura Habib, Manouchka Normil, Brian Remillard, Timothy F Brewer, Galit Sacajiu
BACKGROUND: Recent calls for reform in healthcare training emphasize using competency-based curricula and information technology-empowered learning. Continuing Medical Education programs are essential in maintaining physician accreditation. Haitian physicians have expressed a lack access to these activities. The Haiti Medical Education Project works in alliance with Haitian medical leadership, faculty and students to support the Country's medical education system. We present the creation, delivery and evaluation of a competency-based continuing medical education curriculum for physicians in rural Haiti...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649750/women-s-oral-and-dental-health-aspects-in-humanitarian-missions-and-disasters-jordanian-experience
#6
Leena Smadi, Aiman Al Sumadi
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to review oral and dental health aspects in female patients presented to Jordanian Royal Medical Services (RMS) international humanitarian missions over a 3-year period. DESIGN AND METHOD: Analysis of humanitarian missions of RMS data and records over a 3-year period (2011-2013) in regard to women's oral and dental health issues was done. The data were analyzed in regard to the number of women seen, the presenting conditions, and the prevalence of oral and dental diseases and procedures in these cases...
January 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646611/review-of-the-international-council-of-nurses-icn-framework-of-disaster-nursing-competencies
#7
Alison Hutton, Tener Goodwin Veenema, Kristine Gebbie
The International Council of Nurses (ICN; Geneva, Switzerland) and the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) joined together in 2014 to review the use of the ICN Framework of Disaster Nursing Competencies. The existing ICN Framework (version 1.10; dated 2009) formed the starting point for this review. The key target audiences for this process were members of the disaster nursing community concerned with pre-service education for professional nursing and the continuing education of practicing professional nurses...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607095/simulation-for-operational-readiness-in-a-new-freestanding-emergency-department-strategy-and-tactics
#8
Robert L Kerner, Kathleen Gallo, Michael Cassara, John DʼAngelo, Anthony Egan, John Galbraith Simmons
Simulation in multiple contexts over the course of a 10-week period served as a core learning strategy to orient experienced clinicians before opening a large new urban freestanding emergency department. To ensure technical and procedural skills of all team members, who would provide care without on-site recourse to specialty backup, we designed a comprehensive interprofessional curriculum to verify and regularize a wide range of competencies and best practices for all clinicians. Formulated under the rubric of systems integration, simulation activities aimed to instill a shared culture of patient safety among the entire cohort of 43 experienced emergency physicians, physician assistants, nurses, and patient technicians, most newly hired to the health system, who had never before worked together...
October 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604901/schools-of-public-health-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-imperative-investment-for-improving-the-health-of-populations
#9
Fauziah Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Franklin White, Iman Nuwayhid, Leslie London, Abdul Ghaffar, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Göran Tomson, Rajiv Rimal, Anwar Islam, Amirhossein Takian, Samuel Wong, Shehla Zaidi, Kausar Khan, Rozina Karmaliani, Imran Naeem Abbasi, Farhat Abbas
BACKGROUND: Public health has multicultural origins. By the close of the nineteenth century, Schools of Public Health (SPHs) began to emerge in western countries in response to major contemporary public health challenges. The Flexner Report (1910) emphasized the centrality of preventive medicine, sanitation, and public health measures in health professional education. The Alma Ata Declaration on Primary Health Care (PHC) in 1978 was a critical milestone, especially for low and middle-income countries (LMICs), conceptualizing a close working relationship between PHC and public health measures...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583999/the-health-impacts-of-climate-change-a-continuing-medical-education-needs-assessment-framework
#10
Pierre Valois, Patrick Blouin, Claudine Ouellet, Jean-Sébastien Renaud, Diane Bélanger, Pierre Gosselin
INTRODUCTION: As the health consequences of climate change (CC) will likely become more manifest in the future, family physicians have to be knowledgeable about these impacts and the ways in which they can affect their patients. The main aim of this study was to propose a competency framework and questionnaire used to conduct a needs analysis to identify and prioritize family physicians' real educational needs regarding the health impacts of CC. METHODS: A mixed method combining a qualitative interview and a quantitative online questionnaire was used (n = 24 physicians)...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504141/system-effectiveness-of-detection-brief-intervention-and-refer-to-treatment-for-the-people-with-post-traumatic-emotional-distress-by-mers-a-case-report-of-community-based-proactive-intervention-in-south-korea
#11
Mi-Kyung Yoon, Soon-Young Kim, Hye-Sun Ko, Myung-Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Korea has experienced diverse kind of disasters these days. Among them the 2015 middle eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak imposed great psychological stress on almost all Korean citizens. Following the MERS outbreak, government is reviewing overall infectious disease management system and prioritizing the establishment of mental health service systems for infectious disease. This study makes suggestions for implementing disaster-related mental health service systems by analyzing the example of Gyeonggi Province, which proactively intervened with residents' psychological problems caused by the large-scale outbreak of an infectious disease...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492749/innovation-in-graduate-education-for-health-professionals-in-humanitarian-emergencies
#12
Dabney P Evans, Mark Anderson, Cyrus Shahpar, Carlos Del Rio, James W Curran
The objective of this report was to show how the Center for Humanitarian Emergencies (the Center) at Emory University (Atlanta, Georgia USA) has trained graduate students to respond to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs) through innovative educational programs, with the goal of increasing the number of trained humanitarian workers. Natural disasters are on the rise with more than twice as many occurring from 2000-2009 as there were from 1980-1989. In 2012 alone, 144 million people were affected by a natural disaster or displaced by conflict worldwide...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491645/barriers-and-facilitators-to-community-cpr-education-in-san-jos%C3%A3-costa-rica
#13
Kristin M Schmid, Nee-Kofi Mould-Millman, Andrew Hammes, Miranda Kroehl, Raquel Quiros García, Manrique Umaña McDermott, Steven R Lowenstein
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves survival after prehospital cardiac arrest. While community CPR training programs have been implemented across the US, little is known about their acceptability in non-US Latino populations. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to enrolling in CPR training classes and performing CPR in San José, Costa Rica. METHODS: After consulting 10 San José residents, a survey was created, pilot-tested, and distributed to a convenience sample of community members in public gathering places in San José...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470226/self-efficacy-for-hiv-prevention-among-refugee-hispanic-women-in-south-florida
#14
Rosina Cianelli, Natalia Villegas, Brian E McCabe, Lila de Tantillo, Nilda Peragallo
The number of refugees increased in recent years due to factors worldwide, including violence, wars, political strife, and natural disasters. Refugees who are Hispanic women (RHW) in South Florida are a vulnerable population at risk of acquiring HIV infection. Although studies have shown a relationship between self-efficacy for HIV prevention and behavior changes, none have studied RHW. The purpose of this study was to assess whether predictors suggested by the literature were related to self-efficacy for HIV prevention in a sample of RHW...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435533/education-in-disaster-management-what-do-we-offer-and-what-do-we-need-proposing-a-new-global-program
#15
Amir Khorram-Manesh, Olivera Lupesco, Tom Friedl, Gotz Arnim, Kubilay Kaptan, Ahmadreza R Djalali, Marco Foletti, Pier Luigi Ingrasia, Michael Ashkenazi, Chris Arculeo, Philipp Fischer, Boris Hreckovski, Radko Komadina, Stefan Voigt, Eric Carlström, James James
OBJECTIVE: Although there is a significant willingness to respond to disasters, a review of post-event reports following incidents shows troubling repeated patterns with poorly integrated response activities and response managers inadequately trained for the requirements of disasters. This calls for a new overall approach in disaster management. METHODS: An in-depth review of the education and training opportunities available to responders and disaster managers has been undertaken, as well as an extensive review of the educational competencies and their parent domains identified by subject matter experts as necessary for competent performance...
July 20, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431668/learning-outcome-measurement-in-nurse-participants-after-disaster-training
#16
Sharon L Farra, Sherrill Smith, Marie A Bashaw
OBJECTIVE: The National Disaster Health Consortium is an interprofessional disaster training program. Using the Hierarchical Learning Framework of Competency Sets in Disaster Medicine and Public Health, this program educates nurses and other professionals to provide competent care and leadership within the interprofessional team. This study examined outcomes of this training. METHODS: Training consisted of a combination of online and on-site training. Learning outcomes were measured by using the Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire (EPIQ) pre/post training and participant performance during live functional exercises with the use of rubrics based on Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation principles...
July 19, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189875/characteristics-of-effective-disaster-responders-and-leaders-a-survey-of-disaster-medical-practitioners
#17
Richard V King, Gregory Luke Larkin, Raymond L Fowler, Dana L Downs, Carol S North
OBJECTIVE: To identify key attributes of effective disaster/mass casualty first responders and leaders, thereby informing the ongoing development of a capable disaster health workforce. METHODS: We surveyed emergency response practitioners attending a conference session, the EMS State of the Science: A Gathering of Eagles. We used open-ended questions to ask participants to describe key characteristics of successful disaster/mass casualty first responders and leaders...
May 18, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109606/delivering-flexible-education-and-training-to-health-professionals-caring-for-older-adults-in-disasters
#18
Brian A Altman, Kelly H Gulley, Carlo Rossi, Kandra Strauss-Riggs, Kenneth Schor
The National Center for Disaster Medicine and Public Health (NCDMPH), in collaboration with over 20 subject matter experts, created a competency-based curriculum titled Caring for Older Adults in Disasters: A Curriculum for Health Professionals. Educators and trainers of health professionals are the target audience for this curriculum. The curriculum was designed to provide breadth of content yet flexibility for trainers to tailor lessons, or select particular lessons, for the needs of their learners and organizations...
August 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27074310/tailoring-curricula-to-fit-health-professionals-needs-in-a-disaster-a-proposal-for-brazilian-nurses
#19
Regina Rigatto Witt, Kristine Moore Gebbie
Introduction Education and training are the cornerstones of disaster preparedness and best curricula and training programs are competency-based. Objective This paper presents a proposal to be applied in nursing curricula in Brazil, based on the National Curriculum Guidelines and the recommendations for integrating skills and competencies into undergraduate curricula proposed by the World Health Organization. Results Comparison of competencies sets was conducted to indicate the specific competencies to be included as essential for Brazilian nurses...
March 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27073276/assessment-of-emergency-preparedness-modules-in-introductory-pharmacy-practice-experiences
#20
Ashley N Hannings, Trina von Waldner, Deanna W McEwen, Catherine A White
Objective. To determine the impact of emergency preparedness simulations in mass triage and mass dispensing on student pharmacist performance and perceived competency when assuming pharmacist roles in disaster situations. Design. Second-year student pharmacists (144) completed two 3-hour simulations focusing on mass triage and mass dispensing. The mass triage simulation consisted of virtual and live victims to be triaged and assigned a transport order. In the mass dispensing simulation, students assumed patient and pharmacist roles in a point-of-dispensing exercise for influenza...
March 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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