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Disaster competencies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197401/lack-of-cultural-competency-in-international-aid-responses-the-ebola-outbreak-in-liberia
#1
Hannah Grace Southall, Sarah E DeYoung, Curt Andrew Harris
A cornerstone of effective disaster management is that response should always begin and end at the local level (1). The response to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Liberia, West Africa, was a combination of independent efforts by many nations and organizations. Many of these independent efforts ignored or were not able to work with the local levels of emergency management in Liberia. This oversight occurred because of the Liberian's mistrust of both their government and foreign aid groups, as well as the lack of cultural competency demonstrated by the aid groups...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132665/exploring-injury-panorama-consequences-and-recovery-among-bus-crash-survivors-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#2
Isabelle Doohan, Ulf Björnstig, Ulrika Östlund, Britt-Inger Saveman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore physical and mental consequences and injury mechanisms among bus crash survivors to identify aspects that influence recovery. METHODS: The study participants were the total population of survivors (N=56) from a bus crash in Sweden. The study had a mixed-methods design that provided quantitative and qualitative data on injuries, mental well-being, and experiences. Results from descriptive statistics and qualitative thematic analysis were interpreted and integrated in a mixed-methods analysis...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029612/what-are-the-most-common-domains-of-the-core-competencies-of-disaster-nursing-a-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Abdullelah Al Thobaity, Virginia Plummer, Brett Williams
AIM: Scoping review was conducted to identify the most common domains of the core competencies of disaster nursing. BACKGROUND: Nurses play an essential role in all phases of disaster management. For nurses to respond competently, they must be equipped with the skills to provide comprehensive and holistic care to the populations affected by or at risk of disasters. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology...
October 28, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027557/pathological-personality-development-after-the-chornobyl-disaster-and-the-anti-terrorist-operation
#4
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
: Objective of the study was to determine pathological changes of the personality of the clean up workers (liquida tors) of the Chornobyl accident and the participants in the anti terrorist operation (ATO) in Eastern Ukraine and radiation threat perception assessment.Design, object and methods. The cross sectional and retrospective assessments of the clean up workers of the Chornobyl accident (n = 185), evacuees from the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (n = 112) from the randomized sample of individuals who are registered in the Clinical and epidemiological registry (CER) of the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» [NRCRM] and partici pants of the ATO in Eastern Ukraine (n = 62) who underwent treatment and rehabilitation in the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology of the NRCRM Clinic have been done...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937083/medical-education-in-difficult-circumstances-a-global-responsibility-to-contribute
#5
Michelle McLean, Judy McKimm, Trevor Gibbs
Medical and health professions' education is becoming increasingly standardized across the world in terms of core standards and competencies. Yet, the context in which education and training occurs is far from even. Many educators face challenges in providing health professions' education, ranging from individual challenges and organizational struggles, to working in countries experiencing major conflict or environmental disaster. This commentary sets the scene for an international discussion on might constitute "difficult circumstances" and invites educators from around the world to contribute to the discussion by sharing their stories and suggesting strategies and solutions in a themed issue of MedEdPublish, AMEE's (the Association for Medical Education in Europe) innovative online journal...
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923337/-child-soldiers-as-refugees-in-germany
#6
Dima Zito
Child Soldiers as Refugees in Germany How do former child soldiers cope with their potentially traumatic experiences, and how do the living conditions as refugees influence these coping processes? A dissertation at the faculty of human and social sciences at the University of Wuppertal, based on biographical-narrative interviews with 15 young refugees from six African countries, describes the characteristics of the traumatic sequences in the countries of origin and in exile, and elaborates typical coping processes...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917306/education-and-training-of-emergency-medical-teams-recommendations-for-a-global-operational-learning-framework
#7
Nieves Amat Camacho, Amy Hughes, Frederick M Burkle, Pier Luigi Ingrassia, Luca Ragazzoni, Anthony Redmond, Ian Norton, Johan von Schreeb
An increasing number of international emergency medical teams are deployed to assist disaster-affected populations worldwide. Since Haiti earthquake those teams have been criticised for ill adapted care, lack of preparedness in addition to not coordinating with the affected country healthcare system. The Emergency Medical Teams (EMTs) initiative, as part of the Word Health Organization's Global Health Emergency Workforce program, aims to address these shortcomings by improved EMT coordination, and mechanisms to ensure quality and accountability of national and international EMTs...
October 21, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863573/national-disaster-health-consortium-competency-based-training-and-a-report-on-the-american-nurses-credentialing-center-disaster-certification-development
#8
REVIEW
Sherrill J Smith, Sharon L Farra
As the largest profession of health care providers, nurses are an integral component of disaster response. Having clearly delineated competencies and developing training to acquire those competencies are needed to ensure nurses are ready when disasters occur. This article provides a review of nursing and interprofessional disaster competencies and development of a new interprofessional disaster certification. An overview of a standardized disaster training program, the National Disaster Health Consortium, is provided as an exemplar of a competency-based interprofessional disaster education program...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813181/international-tourists-reactions-to-a-natural-disaster-experiences-of-the-2015-earthquake-in-nepal-among-israeli-travelers
#9
Haya Itzhaky, Karni Kissil, Shlomit Weiss-Dagan
There is a scarcity of research exploring the experiences of foreign travelers exposed to natural disasters while abroad. This qualitative study explored the experiences of the 2015 earthquake in Nepal among international travelers immediately following the earthquake. In-depth interviews were conducted with 21 Israeli backpackers who were traveling in Nepal at the time of the earthquake. Thematic analysis revealed 4 themes: emotional turmoil, quick recovery, springing into action, and connection to the army...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763525/the-need-for-a-definition-of-big-data-for-nursing-science-a-case-study-of-disaster-preparedness
#10
Ho Ting Wong, Vico Chung Lim Chiang, Kup Sze Choi, Alice Yuen Loke
The rapid development of technology has made enormous volumes of data available and achievable anytime and anywhere around the world. Data scientists call this change a data era and have introduced the term "Big Data", which has drawn the attention of nursing scholars. Nevertheless, the concept of Big Data is quite fuzzy and there is no agreement on its definition among researchers of different disciplines. Without a clear consensus on this issue, nursing scholars who are relatively new to the concept may consider Big Data to be merely a dataset of a bigger size...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760535/the-haiti-medical-education-project-development-and-analysis-of-a-competency-based-continuing-medical-education-course-in-haiti-through-distance-learning
#11
EDITORIAL
Robert Battat, Marc Jhonson, Lorne Wiseblatt, Cruff Renard, Laura Habib, Manouchka Normil, Brian Remillard, Timothy F Brewer, Galit Sacajiu
BACKGROUND: Recent calls for reform in healthcare training emphasize using competency-based curricula and information technology-empowered learning. Continuing Medical Education programs are essential in maintaining physician accreditation. Haitian physicians have expressed a lack access to these activities. The Haiti Medical Education Project works in alliance with Haitian medical leadership, faculty and students to support the Country's medical education system. We present the creation, delivery and evaluation of a competency-based continuing medical education curriculum for physicians in rural Haiti...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649750/women-s-oral-and-dental-health-aspects-in-humanitarian-missions-and-disasters-jordanian-experience
#12
Leena Smadi, Aiman Al Sumadi
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to review oral and dental health aspects in female patients presented to Jordanian Royal Medical Services (RMS) international humanitarian missions over a 3-year period. DESIGN AND METHOD: Analysis of humanitarian missions of RMS data and records over a 3-year period (2011-2013) in regard to women's oral and dental health issues was done. The data were analyzed in regard to the number of women seen, the presenting conditions, and the prevalence of oral and dental diseases and procedures in these cases...
January 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646611/review-of-the-international-council-of-nurses-icn-framework-of-disaster-nursing-competencies
#13
Alison Hutton, Tener Goodwin Veenema, Kristine Gebbie
The International Council of Nurses (ICN; Geneva, Switzerland) and the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) joined together in 2014 to review the use of the ICN Framework of Disaster Nursing Competencies. The existing ICN Framework (version 1.10; dated 2009) formed the starting point for this review. The key target audiences for this process were members of the disaster nursing community concerned with pre-service education for professional nursing and the continuing education of practicing professional nurses...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607095/simulation-for-operational-readiness-in-a-new-freestanding-emergency-department-strategy-and-tactics
#14
Robert L Kerner, Kathleen Gallo, Michael Cassara, John DʼAngelo, Anthony Egan, John Galbraith Simmons
Simulation in multiple contexts over the course of a 10-week period served as a core learning strategy to orient experienced clinicians before opening a large new urban freestanding emergency department. To ensure technical and procedural skills of all team members, who would provide care without on-site recourse to specialty backup, we designed a comprehensive interprofessional curriculum to verify and regularize a wide range of competencies and best practices for all clinicians. Formulated under the rubric of systems integration, simulation activities aimed to instill a shared culture of patient safety among the entire cohort of 43 experienced emergency physicians, physician assistants, nurses, and patient technicians, most newly hired to the health system, who had never before worked together...
October 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604901/schools-of-public-health-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-imperative-investment-for-improving-the-health-of-populations
#15
Fauziah Rabbani, Leah Shipton, Franklin White, Iman Nuwayhid, Leslie London, Abdul Ghaffar, Bui Thi Thu Ha, Göran Tomson, Rajiv Rimal, Anwar Islam, Amirhossein Takian, Samuel Wong, Shehla Zaidi, Kausar Khan, Rozina Karmaliani, Imran Naeem Abbasi, Farhat Abbas
BACKGROUND: Public health has multicultural origins. By the close of the nineteenth century, Schools of Public Health (SPHs) began to emerge in western countries in response to major contemporary public health challenges. The Flexner Report (1910) emphasized the centrality of preventive medicine, sanitation, and public health measures in health professional education. The Alma Ata Declaration on Primary Health Care (PHC) in 1978 was a critical milestone, especially for low and middle-income countries (LMICs), conceptualizing a close working relationship between PHC and public health measures...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583999/the-health-impacts-of-climate-change-a-continuing-medical-education-needs-assessment-framework
#16
Pierre Valois, Patrick Blouin, Claudine Ouellet, Jean-Sébastien Renaud, Diane Bélanger, Pierre Gosselin
INTRODUCTION: As the health consequences of climate change (CC) will likely become more manifest in the future, family physicians have to be knowledgeable about these impacts and the ways in which they can affect their patients. The main aim of this study was to propose a competency framework and questionnaire used to conduct a needs analysis to identify and prioritize family physicians' real educational needs regarding the health impacts of CC. METHODS: A mixed method combining a qualitative interview and a quantitative online questionnaire was used (n = 24 physicians)...
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504141/system-effectiveness-of-detection-brief-intervention-and-refer-to-treatment-for-the-people-with-post-traumatic-emotional-distress-by-mers-a-case-report-of-community-based-proactive-intervention-in-south-korea
#17
Mi-Kyung Yoon, Soon-Young Kim, Hye-Sun Ko, Myung-Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Korea has experienced diverse kind of disasters these days. Among them the 2015 middle eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak imposed great psychological stress on almost all Korean citizens. Following the MERS outbreak, government is reviewing overall infectious disease management system and prioritizing the establishment of mental health service systems for infectious disease. This study makes suggestions for implementing disaster-related mental health service systems by analyzing the example of Gyeonggi Province, which proactively intervened with residents' psychological problems caused by the large-scale outbreak of an infectious disease...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492749/innovation-in-graduate-education-for-health-professionals-in-humanitarian-emergencies
#18
Dabney P Evans, Mark Anderson, Cyrus Shahpar, Carlos Del Rio, James W Curran
The objective of this report was to show how the Center for Humanitarian Emergencies (the Center) at Emory University (Atlanta, Georgia USA) has trained graduate students to respond to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs) through innovative educational programs, with the goal of increasing the number of trained humanitarian workers. Natural disasters are on the rise with more than twice as many occurring from 2000-2009 as there were from 1980-1989. In 2012 alone, 144 million people were affected by a natural disaster or displaced by conflict worldwide...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491645/barriers-and-facilitators-to-community-cpr-education-in-san-jos%C3%A3-costa-rica
#19
Kristin M Schmid, Nee-Kofi Mould-Millman, Andrew Hammes, Miranda Kroehl, Raquel Quiros García, Manrique Umaña McDermott, Steven R Lowenstein
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves survival after prehospital cardiac arrest. While community CPR training programs have been implemented across the US, little is known about their acceptability in non-US Latino populations. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to enrolling in CPR training classes and performing CPR in San José, Costa Rica. METHODS: After consulting 10 San José residents, a survey was created, pilot-tested, and distributed to a convenience sample of community members in public gathering places in San José...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470226/self-efficacy-for-hiv-prevention-among-refugee-hispanic-women-in-south-florida
#20
Rosina Cianelli, Natalia Villegas, Brian E McCabe, Lila de Tantillo, Nilda Peragallo
The number of refugees increased in recent years due to factors worldwide, including violence, wars, political strife, and natural disasters. Refugees who are Hispanic women (RHW) in South Florida are a vulnerable population at risk of acquiring HIV infection. Although studies have shown a relationship between self-efficacy for HIV prevention and behavior changes, none have studied RHW. The purpose of this study was to assess whether predictors suggested by the literature were related to self-efficacy for HIV prevention in a sample of RHW...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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