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tumor angiogenesis

Yuan Ren, Nan Ji, Xixiong Kang, Renzhi Wang, Wenbin Ma, Zhenjun Hu, Xingfeng Liu, Yajie Wang
Glioblastoma is a highly vascularized brain tumor that causes high mortality. Kininogen-1 (KNG1) has demonstrated both tumor suppressor and antiangiogenesis properties in gliobastoma cells. We analyzed the microarray and proteomic profiles of tumor tissues from glioblastoma patients (N = 180), and identified potential RNA regulators of the KNG1. Validation experiments in U87 glioblastoma cells showed that the regulation of KNG1 by CTU1, KIAA1274, and RAX was mediated by miR-138. The siRNA-mediated knockdown of CTU1, KIAA1274, or RAX in U87 cells and immortalized human endothelial cells (iHECs) significantly reduced KNG1 expression (P < 0...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Hosana G Rodrigues, Marco A R Vinolo, Fabio T Sato, Juliana Magdalon, Carolina M C Kuhl, Ana S Yamagata, Ana Flávia M Pessoa, Gabriella Malheiros, Marinilce F Dos Santos, Camila Lima, Sandra H Farsky, Niels O S Camara, Maria R Williner, Claudio A Bernal, Philip C Calder, Rui Curi
INTRODUCTION: Impaired wound healing has been widely reported in diabetes. Linoleic acid (LA) accelerates the skin wound healing process in non-diabetic rats. However, LA has not been tested in diabetic animals. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether oral administration of pure LA improves wound healing in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Dorsal wounds were induced in streptozotocin-induced type-1 diabetic rats treated or not with LA (0...
2016: PloS One
Haoyuan Yin, Ying Shao, Xuan Chen
To analyze the effects of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (CD147) on glioma proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and angiogenesis. Tissue samples were obtained from 101 glioma cases while normal brain tissues were obtained from 30 brain injury cases. Immunohistochemical assay was performed to detect the expressions of CD147, CD34, and VEGF in tissue samples. QRT-PCR was performed to detect the relative expression of CD147 mRNA in human glioma cell lines. CD147 siRNA was transfected into glioma cell line U251...
October 19, 2016: Neurological Sciences
Sayantan Maji, Pankaj Chaudhary, Irina Akopova, Phung M Nguyen, Richard J Hare, Ignacy Gryczynski, Jamboor K Vishwanatha
: Tumor-derived exosomes are emerging mediators of tumorigenesis and tissue-specific metastasis. Proteomic profiling has identified Annexin A2 as one of the most highly expressed proteins in exosomes; however, studies focused on the biological role of exosomal-AnnexinA2 (exo-AnxA2) are still lacking. In this study, mechanistic insight was sought regarding exo-AnxA2 and its function in angiogenesis and breast cancer metastasis. Multiple in vitro and in vivo techniques were used to study the role of exo-AnxA2 in angiogenesis...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Loiy E Ahmed Hassan, Saad S Dahham, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Abdelhafeez M A Mohammed, Nagla M Eltayeb, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid, Aman Shah Abdul Majid
BACKGROUND: Balanite aegyptiaca (L.) Delile, is a plant with extensive medicinal properties. Its stem bark is traditionally known for its spasmolytic and antiepileptic properties and used to treat yellow fever, jaundice and syphilis. Angiogenesis (sprouting of new blood vessels) is crucial for tumor growth and metastasis. The goal of this study is investigate the antiangiogenic, cytotoxicity and antioxidant activity as well as antitumor in vivo properties of B. aegyptiaca stem bark extracts...
October 19, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Junyi Che, Anqi Tao, Shun Chen, Xiaoming Li, Yi Zhao, Weien Yuan
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has increased the hope for highly-efficient treatment of gene-related diseases. However, the stable and efficient delivery of therapeutic nucleic acids is a prerequisite for the successful clinical translation of RNA interfering therapy. To achieve this, we condensed the low molecular weight polyethyleneimine (PEI, Mw < 2000) with 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehyde (PDA) to synthesize a biologically responsive and degradable cationic polymer (abbreviated to PDAPEI) which was utilized as a gene vector for the delivery of a VEGF-A shRNA expression plasmid DNA (pDNA)...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sounik Saha, Xunhao Xiong, Prabir K Chakraborty, Khader Shameer, Rochelle R Arvizo, Rachel A Kudgus, Shailendra Kumar Dhar Dwivedi, Md Nazir Hossen, Elizabeth M Gillies, J David Robertson, Joel T Dudley, Raul A Urrutia, Russell G Postier, Resham Bhattacharya, Priyabrata Mukherjee
Altered tumor microenvironment (TME) arising from a bidirectional crosstalk between the pancreatic cancer cells (PCCs) and the pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) is implicated in the dismal prognosis in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), yet effective strategies to disrupt the crosstalk is lacking. Here, we demonstrate that gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) inhibit proliferation and migration of both PCCs and PSCs by disrupting the bidirectional communication via alteration of the cell secretome. Analyzing the key proteins identified from a functional network of AuNP-altered secretome in PCCs and PSCs, we demonstrate that AuNPs impair secretions of major hub node proteins in both cell types and transform activated PSCs toward a lipid-rich quiescent phenotype...
October 19, 2016: ACS Nano
Ralph D Sanderson, Michael Elkin, Alan C Rapraeger, Neta Ilan, Israel Vlodavsky
Because of its impact on multiple biological pathways, heparanase has emerged as a major regulator of cancer, inflammation and other disease processes. Heparanase accomplishes this by degrading heparan sulfate which regulates the abundance and location of heparin-binding growth factors thereby influencing multiple signaling pathways that control gene expression, syndecan shedding and cell behavior. In addition, heparanase can act via non-enzymatic mechanisms that directly activate signaling at the cell surface...
October 18, 2016: FEBS Journal
Serena Ricci, Elia Guadagno, Dario Bruzzese, Marialaura Del Basso De Caro, Carmela Peca, Francesco G Sgulò, Francesco Maiuri, Angelina Di Carlo
The basement membrane collagen IV-degrading matrix metalloproteinases -2 and -9 (MMPs) are most often linked to the malignant phenotype of tumor cells by playing a critical role in invasion, metastasis, angiogenesis, and vasculogenesis. We verified the activity of these two MMPs in the sera of patients affected by brain tumors (20 gliomas, 28 meningiomas and 20 metastasis) by zymography. The sera of 25 healthy volunteers with no concomitant illnesses were used for controls. Zymography showed four dominant gelatinolytic bands of 240, 130, 92 (MMP-9) and 72 (MMP-2) kDa...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Jon-Vidar Gaustad, Trude G Simonsen, Lise Mari K Andersen, Einar K Rofstad
In this study, the effect of properdistatin, a novel peptide derived from the thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1) domain of properdin, was investigated in three melanoma xenograft models with different TSP-1 expression. The tumors were grown in dorsal window chambers and were treated with 80 mg/kg/day properdistatin or vehicle. Morphological parameters of the tumor vasculature were assessed from high resolution transillumination images. Blood supply time (i.e., the time required for arterial blood to flow from a supplying artery to downstream microvessels) and plasma velocities were assessed from first-pass imaging movies recorded after a bolus of fluorescence-labeled dextran had been administered intravenously...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Xunian Zhou, Grace Gar-Lee Yue, Minghua Liu, Zhili Zuo, Julia Kin-Ming Lee, Mingyue Li, Stephen Kwok-Wing Tsui, Kwok-Pui Fung, Handong Sun, Jianxin Pu, Clara Bik-San Lau
Eriocalyxin B (EriB), a natural ent-kaurane diterpenoid isolated from the plant Isodon eriocalyx var. laxiflora, has emerged as a promising anticancer agent. The effects of EriB on angiogenesis were explored in the present study. Here we demonstrated that the subintestinal vein formation was significantly inhibited by EriB treatment (10, 15 μM) in zebrafish embryos, which was resulted from the alteration of various angiogenic genes as shown in transcriptome profiling. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells, EriB treatment (50, 100 nM) could significantly block vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF)-induced cell proliferation, tube formation, cell migration and cell invasion...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Jingjiang Pi, Ting Tao, Tao Zhuang, Huimin Sun, Xiaoli Chen, Jie Liu, Yu Cheng, Zuoren Yu, Helen H Zhu, Wei-Qiang Gao, Yuanzhen Suo, Xunbin Wei, Paul Chan, Xiangjian Zheng, Ying Tian, Edward Morrisey, Lin Zhang, Yuzhen Zhang
RATIONALE: Angiogenic hypersprouting and leaky vessels are essential for tumor growth. MicroRNAs have unique therapeutic advantages by targeting multiple pathways of tumor-associated angiogenesis, but the function of individual miRNAs of miR302-367cluster in angiogenesis and tumors has not yet been fully evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the functions of miR302-367 in developmental angiogenesis and tumor angiogenesis and explore the molecular mechanisms of microRNA for the treatment of pathological neovascularization-related diseases...
October 18, 2016: Circulation Research
Jeffrey D Cooney, Ricardo C T Aguiar
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibition restores the suppressive effects of cyclic-AMP in lymphocytes. In this concise review, we detail how PDE4 inhibition downmodulates the B-cell receptor (BCR)-related kinases SYK and PI3K, inhibits VEGFA secretion by tumor cells, inducing cancer cell apoptosis and blocking angiogenesis in the microenvironment. We describe the successful clinical repurposing of PDE4 inhibitors in B-cell malignancies, and propose that given their anti-inflammatory/immunomodulatory activity, these agents will suppress BCR signals without the toxicity associated with other targeted biological doublets...
October 18, 2016: Blood
Zhen Wang, Jun-Qiang Chen, Jin-Lu Liu, Lei Tian
Tumor microenvironment (TME) plays an integral part in the biology of cancer, participating in tumor initiation, progression, and response to therapy. Exosome is an important part of TME. Exosomes are small vesicles formed in vesicular bodies with a diameter of 30-100 nm and a classic "cup" or "dish" morphology. They can contain microRNAs, mRNAs, DNA fragments and proteins, which are shuttled from a donor cell to recipient cells. Exosomes secreted from tumor cells are called tumor-derived (TD) exosomes. There is emerging evidence that TD exosomes can construct a fertile environment to support tumor proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion and premetastatic niche preparation...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Yanhui Zhang, Baocun Sun, Xiulan Zhao, Huizhi Sun, Wei Cui, Zhiyong Liu, Xin Yao, Xueyi Dong
BACKGROUND: Recently, tumor initiating cells (TICs), which possess self-renewal and other stem cell properties, are regarded as the cause of tumor initiation, recurrence and metastasis. The isolation and identification of TICs could help to develop novel therapeutic strategies. METHODS: In this study, we isolated spheroid cells from human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell line SN12C in stem cell-conditioned medium. The stemness characteristics of spheroid cells, including tumorigenicity, self-renewal, proliferation and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity were evaluated; the expression levels of stemness genes and related proteins were assessed...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Elsa Iannicelli, Francesco Carbonetti, Giulia Francesca Federici, Isabella Martini, Salvatore Caterino, Emanuela Pilozzi, Francesco Panzuto, Chiara Briani, Vincenzo David
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to correlate computed tomography (CT) findings with pathology in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of CT images of 44 patients with GISTs was performed. Computed tomography findings analyzed were location, size, margins, degree and pattern of contrast enhancement, angiogenesis, necrosis, signs of invasion, peritoneal effusion, peritoneal implants, surface ulceration, and calcifications...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Monica D Prakash, Sarah Miller, Sarron Randall-Demllo, Kulmira Nurgali
Cancer development is often associated with chronic inflammation. To date, research into inflammation-induced cancer has largely focused on chemokines, cytokines, and their downstream targets. These inflammatory mediators may promote tumor growth, invasion, metastasis, and facilitate angiogenesis. However, the exact mechanisms by which inflammation promotes neoplasia remain unclear. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by recurrent, idiopathic intestinal inflammation, the complications of which are potentially fatal...
November 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Jonas Magno Santos Cesário, Rodrigo Barbosa Oliveira Brito, Camila Soares Malta, Chrisna Souza Silva, Yves Silva Teles Matos, Tânia Cristina Macedo Kunz, Jessica Julioti Urbano, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira, Maria Aparecida Dalboni, Humberto Dellê
Angiogenesis is an essential process for the establishment, development, and dissemination of several malignant tumors including bladder cancer. The hypoxic condition promotes the stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α), which translocates to the nucleus to mediate angiogenic factors including the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A). AnaeroGen system was developed for microbiology area to create a low oxygen tension required to the growth of anaerobic bacteria. Here, we hypothesized the use of AnaeroGen system to induce hypoxia in T24 human bladder carcinoma cells, in order to promote the overexpression of VEGF-A...
October 17, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Domenico Ribatti, Beatrice Nico, Simona Ruggieri, Roberto Tamma, Giovanni Simone, Anita Mangia
Several data support a central role for angiogenesis in breast cancer growth and metastasis. Observational studies have demonstrated that microvascular density (MVD) is a prognostic factor in invasive breast cancer, whereas others reached the opposite conclusion. Vascular endothelial growth factor is the most important angiogenic factor with proven significance in breast cancer, as it has been assessed in both experimental and clinical studies. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a type of breast cancer which lacks estrogen, progesterone, and HER-2/neu receptors...
October 2016: Translational Oncology
Young-Lan Park, Sun-Young Park, Seung-Hyun Lee, Rul-Bin Kim, Joong-Keun Kim, Sung-Yoon Rew, Dae-Seong Myung, Sung-Bum Cho, Wan-Sik Lee, Hyun-Soo Kim, Young-Eun Joo
Filamin A interacting protein 1-like (FILIP1L) expression, which is decreased in various cancers, may inhibit carcinogenesis. In this study, we evaluated the effects of FILIP1L on oncogenic behavior and prognosis in colorectal cancer. siRNA-mediated FILIP1L knockdown enhanced tumor cell migration and invasion and inhibited apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in COLO205 cells. pcDNA-myc vector-mediated FILIP1L overexpression suppressed tumor cell migration and invasion and induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in HCT116 cells...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
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