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btb and cnc homology 1

Hiroyuki Kanzaki, Fumiaki Shinohara, Kanako Itohiya, Yuuki Yamaguchi, Yuta Katsumata, Masazumi Matsuzawa, Sari Fukaya, Yutaka Miyamoto, Satoshi Wada, Yoshiki Nakamura
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a role in intracellular signaling during osteoclastogenesis. We previously reported that transcriptional factor nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) was exported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm by receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), and that Nrf2 negatively regulated osteoclastogenesis via antioxidant enzyme up-regulation. Knockout mice of BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1)-the competitor for Nrf2 in transcriptional regulation-was known to attenuate RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis, although the mechanism remains unclear...
November 11, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Chuanyang Su, Qiong Shi, Xiufang Song, Juanli Fu, Zixuan Liu, Yawen Wang, Yuxin Wang, Xiaomin Xia, Erqun Song, Yang Song
Our previous studies demonstrated that tetrachlorobenzoquinone (TCBQ), an active metabolite of pentachlorophenol, has effects on the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo. Nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (Nrf2) is a cellular sensor of electrophilic or oxidative stress that regulates the expression of antioxidant enzymes and defensive proteins. We have illustrated that TCBQ activates Nrf2 signaling by promoting the formation of the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) cross-linking dimer and the formation of an ubiquitination switch from Nrf2 to Keap1...
July 1, 2016: Toxicology
Sadaf Davudian, Behzad Mansoori, Neda Shajari, Ali Mohammadi, Behzad Baradaran
BACH1 (BTB and CNC homology 1, basic leucine zipper transcription factor 1) is a transcriptional factor and a member of cap 'n' collar (CNC) and basic region leucine zipper factor family. In contrast to other bZIP family members, BACH1 appeared as a comparatively specific transcription factor. It acts as transcription regulator and is recognized as a recently hypoxia regulator and functions as an inducible repressor for the HO-1 gene in many human cell types in response to stress oxidative. In regard to studies lately, although, BACH1 has been related to the regulation of oxidative stress and heme oxidation, it has never been linked to invasion and metastasis...
August 15, 2016: Gene
Xinhong Wang, Junxu Liu, Li Jiang, Xiangxiang Wei, Cong Niu, Rui Wang, Jianyi Zhang, Dan Meng, Kang Yao
The transcription factor BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1) regulates genes involved in the oxidative stress response and cell-cycle progression. We have recently shown that Bach1 impairs cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis in cultured endothelial cells (ECs), but the underlying mechanisms are largely uncharacterized. Here we demonstrate that Bach1 upregulation impaired the blood flow recovery from hindlimb ischemia and this effect was accompanied both by increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cleaved caspase 3 levels and by declines in the expression of cyclin D1 in the injured tissues...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Mitsuyo Matsumoto, Keiichi Kondo, Takuma Shiraki, Andrey Brydun, Ryo Funayama, Keiko Nakayama, Nobuo Yaegashi, Hideki Katagiri, Kazuhiko Igarashi
The transcription repressor BTB and CNC homology 1 (BACH1) represses genes involved in heme metabolism and oxidative stress response. BACH1 also suppresses the p53-dependent cellar senescence in primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). To investigate the role of BACH1 in MEF other than its known functions, we carried out a genomewide mapping of binding site for BACH1 and its heterodimer partner MAFK in immortalized MEFs (iMEFs) using chromatin immunoprecipitation and next-generation sequencing technology (ChIP-sequence)...
June 2016: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Sajjad Karim, Zeenat Mirza, Adeel G Chaudhary, Adel M Abuzenadah, Mamdooh Gari, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani
Toxicity induced by radiation therapy is a curse for cancer patients undergoing treatment. It is imperative to understand and define an ideal condition where the positive effects notably outweigh the negative. We used a microarray meta-analysis approach to measure global gene-expression before and after radiation exposure. Bioinformatic tools were used for pathways, network, gene ontology and toxicity related studies. We found 429 differentially expressed genes at fold change >2 and p-value <0.05. The most significantly upregulated genes were synuclein alpha (SNCA), carbonic anhydrase I (CA1), X-linked Kx blood group (XK), glycophorin A and B (GYPA and GYPB), and hemogen (HEMGN), while downregulated ones were membrane-spanning 4-domains, subfamily A member 1 (MS4A1), immunoglobulin heavy constant mu (IGHM), chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 7 (CCR7), BTB and CNC homology 1 transcription factor 2 (BACH2), and B-cell CLL/lymphoma 11B (BCL11B)...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Iris Ming-Jing Xu, Robin Kit-Ho Lai, Shu-Hai Lin, Aki Pui-Wah Tse, David Kung-Chun Chiu, Hui-Yu Koh, Cheuk-Ting Law, Chun-Ming Wong, Zongwei Cai, Carmen Chak-Lui Wong, Irene Oi-Lin Ng
Cancer cells experience an increase in oxidative stress. The pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) is a major biochemical pathway that generates antioxidant NADPH. Here, we show that transketolase (TKT), an enzyme in the PPP, is required for cancer growth because of its ability to affect the production of NAPDH to counteract oxidative stress. We show that TKT expression is tightly regulated by the Nuclear Factor, Erythroid 2-Like 2 (NRF2)/Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1 (KEAP1)/BTB and CNC Homolog 1 (BACH1) oxidative stress sensor pathway in cancers...
February 9, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Minggang Fang, Lloyd Hutchinson, April Deng, Michael R Green
During cancer development, it is well established that many genes, including tumor suppressor genes, are hypermethylated and transcriptionally repressed, a phenomenon referred to as epigenetic silencing. In general, the factors involved in, and the mechanistic basis of, epigenetic silencing during cancer development are not well understood. We have recently described an epigenetic silencing pathway, directed by the oncogenic B-Raf proto-oncogene (BRAF) variant BRAF(V600E), that mediates widespread epigenetic silencing in colorectal cancer (CRC)...
February 2, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Tsuyoshi Takada, Shigeru Miyaki, Hiroyuki Ishitobi, Yuya Hirai, Tomoyuki Nakasa, Kazuhiko Igarashi, Martin K Lotz, Mitsuo Ochi
INTRODUCTION: BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1) is a transcriptional repressor of Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is cytoprotective through its antioxidant effects. The objective of this study was to define the role of Bach1 in cartilage homeostasis and osteoarthritis (OA) development using in vitro models and Bach1 (-/-) mice. METHODS: HO-1 expression in Bach1 (-/-) mice was analyzed by real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting. Knee joints from Bach1 (-/-) and wild-type mice with age-related OA and surgically-induced OA were evaluated by OA scoring systems...
October 13, 2015: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Tze Yan Lee, Logeswaran Muniandy, Lai Kuan Teh, Maha Abdullah, Elizabeth George, Jameela Sathar, Mei I Lai
OBJECTIVE: The diverse clinical phenotype of hemoglobin E (HbE)/β-thalassemia has not only confounded clinicians in matters of patient management but has also led scientists to investigate the complex mechanisms involved in maintaining the delicate red cell environment where, even with apparent similarities of α- and β-globin genotypes, the phenotype tells a different story. The BTB and CNC homology 1 (BACH1) protein is known to regulate α- and β-globin gene transcriptions during the terminal differentiation of erythroid cells...
March 5, 2016: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Roger Emter, Andreas Natsch
Heme oxygenase (decycling) 1 (HMOX1) is the most consistently found genetic marker induced by skin sensitizers. HMOX1 is often referred to as typical gene regulated by nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), however, it is also regulated by other DNA-binding factors, including BTB and CNC homolog 1 (Bach1). The KeratinoSens™ assay is the first validated in vitro assay for sensitizers that measures gene induction. It is based on luciferase expression regulated by the antioxidant response element (ARE) of the aldoketoreductase 1C2 (AKR1C2) gene...
November 1, 2015: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Hidehiko Kikuchi, Masami Nakayama, Futoshi Kuribayashi, Hitomi Mimuro, Shinobu Imajoh-Ohmi, Hideki Nishitoh, Yasunari Takami, Tatsuo Nakayama
The transcription factor paired box gene 5 (Pax5) is essential for B cell development. In this study, complementation analyses in Pax5-deficient DT40 cells showed that three Pax5 isoforms Pax5A, Pax5B and Pax5BΔEx8 (another spliced isoform of Pax5B lacking exon 8) exhibit distinct roles in transcriptional regulation of six B cell development-related genes (activation-induced cytidine deaminase, Aiolos, BTB and CNC homology 2, B cell lymphoma-6, early B cell factor 1, origin binding factor-1 genes), transcriptions of which are remarkably down-regulated by Pax5-deficiency...
July 2015: Microbiology and Immunology
Marc Seifert, Martina Przekopowitz, Sarah Taudien, Anna Lollies, Viola Ronge, Britta Drees, Monika Lindemann, Uwe Hillen, Harald Engler, Bernhard B Singer, Ralf Küppers
The generation and functions of human peripheral blood (PB) IgM(+)IgD(+)CD27(+) B lymphocytes with somatically mutated IgV genes are controversially discussed. We determined their differential gene expression to naive B cells and to IgM-only and IgG(+) memory B cells. This analysis revealed a high similarity of IgM(+)(IgD(+))CD27(+) and IgG(+) memory B cells but also pointed at distinct functional capacities of both subsets. In vitro analyses revealed a tendency of activated IgM(+)IgD(+)CD27(+) B cells to migrate to B-cell follicles and undergo germinal center (GC) B-cell differentiation, whereas activated IgG(+) memory B cells preferentially showed a plasma cell (PC) fate...
February 10, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Zhaolin Zhang, Shih-Hsing Leir, Ann Harris
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR) expression in human airway epithelial cells involves the recruitment of distal cis-regulatory elements, which are associated with airway-selective DNase hypersensitive sites at -44 kb and -35 kb from the gene. The -35-kb site encompasses an enhancer that is regulated by the immune mediators interferon regulatory factor 1 and 2 and by nuclear factor Y. Here we investigate the -44-kb element, which also has enhancer activity in vitro in airway epithelial cells but is inactive in intestinal epithelial cells...
March 2015: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Shuai Wang, Bethany N Hannafon, Roman F Wolf, Jundong Zhou, Jori E Avery, Jinchang Wu, Stuart E Lind, Wei-Qun Ding
The effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in cancer cells has never been characterized. This study examines DHA-induced HO-1 expression in human cancer cell model systems. DHA enhanced HO-1 gene expression in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, with maximal induction at 21 h of treatment. This induction of HO-1 expression was confirmed in vivo using a xenograft nude mouse model fed a fish-oil-enriched diet. The increase in HO-1 gene transcription induced by DHA was significantly attenuated by the antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine, suggesting the involvement of oxidative stress...
May 2014: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Ana Cristina Andérica-Romero, Laura Escobar, Teresa Padilla-Flores, José Pedraza-Chaverri
One of the most important systems for protein degradation is the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). The highly specific process called ubiquitination is provided by the E3 ubiquitin ligases, which mediates degradation via the proteasome system. The ubiquitin ligases based on cullins are the type of ubiquitin ligases known so far. The complex based on cullin 3 (Cul3) requires that its target protein has a bric-a-brac/tram-track/broad-complex (BTB) domain to recognize it. Cul3 has been widely associated with Kelch-like erythroid cell-derived protein with CNC homology (ECH)-associated protein 1 (Keap1) and the cytoprotective nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway and the proper control of cell cycle progression...
June 2014: Cellular Signalling
Srividya Swaminathan, Cihangir Duy, Markus Müschen
At the pre-B cell receptor (BCR) checkpoint, developing pre-B cells are selected for successful rearrangement of V(H)-DJ(H) gene segments and expression of a pre-BCR. Reduced stringency at this checkpoint may obstruct the B cell repertoire with nonfunctional B cell clones. Earlier studies have described that activation of B cell lymphoma/leukemia (BCL)6 by a functional pre-BCR mediates positive selection of pre-B cells that have passed the checkpoint. This concept is now further elaborated by the recent finding that the BTB and CNC homology 1 basic leucine zipper transcription factor 2 (BACH2) induces negative selection and opposes BCL6 function prior to the pre-BCR checkpoint...
March 2014: Trends in Immunology
Atsushi Nakamura, Risa Ebina-Shibuya, Ari Itoh-Nakadai, Akihiko Muto, Hiroki Shima, Daisuke Saigusa, Junken Aoki, Masahito Ebina, Toshihiro Nukiwa, Kazuhiko Igarashi
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) results from a dysfunction of alveolar macrophages (AMs), chiefly due to disruptions in the signaling of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). We found that mice deficient for the B lymphoid transcription repressor BTB and CNC homology 2 (Bach2) developed PAP-like accumulation of surfactant proteins in the lungs. Bach2 was expressed in AMs, and Bach2-deficient AMs showed alterations in lipid handling in comparison with wild-type (WT) cells. Although Bach2-deficient AMs showed a normal expression of the genes involved in the GM-CSF signaling, they showed an altered expression of the genes involved in chemotaxis, lipid metabolism, and alternative M2 macrophage activation with increased expression of Ym1 and arginase-1, and the M2 regulator Irf4...
October 21, 2013: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Keiichi Kondo, Yasushi Ishigaki, Junhong Gao, Tetsuya Yamada, Junta Imai, Shojiro Sawada, Akihiko Muto, Yoshitomo Oka, Kazuhiko Igarashi, Hideki Katagiri
BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1) is a transcriptional repressor of antioxidative enzymes, such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). Oxidative stress is reportedly involved in insulin secretion impairment and obesity-associated insulin resistance. However, the role of Bach1 in the development of diabetes is unclear. HO-1 expression in the liver, white adipose tissue, and pancreatic islets was markedly upregulated in Bach1-deficient mice. Unexpectedly, glucose and insulin tolerance tests showed no differences in obese wild-type (WT) and obese Bach1-deficient mice after high-fat diet loading for 6 wk, suggesting minimal roles of Bach1 in the development of insulin resistance...
September 1, 2013: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Tomoki Kikuchi, Mami Tokunaka, Yara Yukie Kikuti, Joaquim Carreras, Go Ogura, Susumu Takekoshi, Minoru Kojima, Kiyoshi Ando, Yuko Hashimoto, Masafumi Abe, Katsuyoshi Takata, Tadashi Yoshino, Akihiko Muto, Kazuhiko Igarashi, Naoya Nakamura
The basic region-leucine zipper (bZip) factor BTB, CNC homology 2 (BACH2) is known to have important roles in class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation (SHM) of the immunoglobulin (Ig) gene. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the expression of BACH2 and the status of SHM of the Ig heavy chain gene variable region (IgHV) for SHM in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We examined 20 cases of DLBCL, 13 of which were germinal center B-cell (GCB) DLBCL and 7 were non-GCB DLBCL...
July 2013: Pathology International
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