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stress, perceived behavioral control, obesity

Buffie Longmire-Avital, Chelsea McQueen
Four out of five Black women in the US, over the age of 20 years meet criteria for obesity. A critical determinant of pervasive health disparities, such as obesity, may be the Black woman's sociocultural experience. One part of this experience is the stress that results from daily encounters with microaggressions. Research has been limited on the association of race-related stress with maladaptive health behaviors among Black women and at what age this association is visible. The aim of this exploratory cross-sectional study was to investigate whether perceived race-related stress was associated with an obesity risk behavior, emotional eating...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Ping H Johnson, James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: We examined the reasons for weight gain and barriers to weight loss among emerging adults with obesity. METHODS: Eighty-one female undergraduate students with obesity completed 4-open ended questions in 2015-2016. Qualitative responses were analyzed using NVivo 11 Pro software. RESULTS: Most participants experienced weight gain prior to attending college. The most commonly reported reasons for weight gain include a lack of ability to control one's behaviors or overcome barriers (ie, poor eating habits, lack of physical activity, lack of time, easy access to food), emotional/mental health issues, physical health, and influence of significant others...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
Elina Järvelä-Reijonen, Leila Karhunen, Essi Sairanen, Joona Muotka, Sanni Lindroos, Jaana Laitinen, Sampsa Puttonen, Katri Peuhkuri, Maarit Hallikainen, Jussi Pihlajamäki, Riitta Korpela, Miikka Ermes, Raimo Lappalainen, Marjukka Kolehmainen
BACKGROUND: Internal motivation and good psychological capabilities are important factors in successful eating-related behavior change. Thus, we investigated whether general acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) affects reported eating behavior and diet quality and whether baseline perceived stress moderates the intervention effects. METHODS: Secondary analysis of unblinded randomized controlled trial in three Finnish cities. Working-aged adults with psychological distress and overweight or obesity in three parallel groups: (1) ACT-based Face-to-face (n = 70; six group sessions led by a psychologist), (2) ACT-based Mobile (n = 78; one group session and mobile app), and (3) Control (n = 71; only the measurements)...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Oluwole A Babatunde, Swann Arp Adams, Michael D Wirth, Jan M Eberth, Jameson Sofge, Seul Ki Choi, Brook E Harmon, Lisa Davis, Ruby Drayton, Thomas G Hurley, Heather M Brandt, Cheryl A Armstead, James R Hébert
INTRODUCTION: Retention of racial/ethnic minority groups into research trials is necessary to fully understand and address health disparities. This study was conducted to identify participants' characteristics associated with retention of African Americans (AAs) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a behavioral intervention. METHODS: Using data from an RCT conducted from 2009 to 2012 among AAs, participant-level factors were examined for associations with retention between three measurement points (ie, baseline, 3-month, and 12-month)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
Alison Tovar, Amber E Vaughn, Anna Grummon, Regan Burney, Temitope Erinosho, Truls Østbye, Dianne S Ward
Health behaviors associated with chronic disease, particularly healthy eating and regular physical activity, are important role modeling opportunities for individuals working in child care programs. Prior studies have not explored these risk factors in family child care home (FCCH) providers which care for vulnerable and at-risk populations. To address this gap, we describe the socio-demographic and health risk behavior profiles in a sample of providers (n = 166 FCCH) taken from baseline data of an ongoing cluster-randomized controlled intervention (2011-2016) in North Carolina...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Irena Stepanikova, Elizabeth H Baker, Zachary R Simoni, Aowen Zhu, Sarah B Rutland, Mario Sims, Larrell L Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: African Americans, especially those in the South, suffer a disproportionate burden of obesity and are at high risk for perceived discrimination (PD). This study investigates the association between PD and weight status among African Americans and clarifies the role of perceived stress and health behaviors in this relationship. METHODS: Data came from the Jackson Heart Study, Examination 1 (2000-2004; analyses conducted in 2016 using Stata, version 14)...
January 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Seong Ah Ha, Seo Yeon Lee, Kyung A Kim, Jung Sook Seo, Cheong Min Sohn, Hae Ryun Park, Kyung Won Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity has increased in recent decades in Korea. This study was designed to examine differences in the eating habits, physical activity (PA), nutrition knowledge, and self-efficacy of children by obesity status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 5th-grade children from 70 elementary schools in 17 cities nationwide. Two-stage stratified cluster sampling was employed. Survey questionnaire included items related to general characteristics, eating habits, PA, nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
Elina Järvelä-Reijonen, Leila Karhunen, Essi Sairanen, Sanni Rantala, Jaana Laitinen, Sampsa Puttonen, Katri Peuhkuri, Maarit Hallikainen, Kristiina Juvonen, Tero Myllymäki, Tiina Föhr, Jussi Pihlajamäki, Riitta Korpela, Miikka Ermes, Raimo Lappalainen, Marjukka Kolehmainen
Stress-related eating may be a potential factor in the obesity epidemic. Rather little is known about how stress associates with eating behavior and food intake in overweight individuals in a free-living situation. Thus, the present study aims to investigate this question in psychologically distressed overweight and obese working-aged Finns. The study is a cross-sectional baseline analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Of the 339 study participants, those with all the needed data available (n = 297, 84% females) were included...
August 1, 2016: Appetite
Andrea S Richardson, Joanne E Arsenault, Sheryl C Cates, Mary K Muth
BACKGROUND: Stress has been associated with poor eating behaviors and diet quality, as well as high body mass index (BMI). Low-income women may be particularly vulnerable to stress and severe obesity. Yet it is unknown how stress increases the risk of severe obesity through disordered eating behaviors and poor diet quality or through mechanisms independent of diet. METHODS: We examined cross-sectional data from women (n = 101) with a child enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children in Cumberland County, North Carolina (spring 2012)...
December 3, 2015: Nutrition Journal
Ae Kyung Chang, Jin Yi Choi
[Purpose] This study aimed to identify factors influencing the BMI classifications of 3,583 Korean adults using data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. [Subjects and Methods] Measures included lifestyle factors, physiologic factors, perceived health state, stress, subjective body recognition, health-related quality of life, and weight control behavior. [Results] Body perception scores were lower with underweight and higher with overweight and obesity than with a healthy weight...
May 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Adaucio Ramón Morales Pernalete, Carlos Alfredo Gordillo Gutierrez, Carlos José Pérez Alvarado, Daniela Alejandra Marcano Flores, Francisco Antonio Pérez Pérez, Heymir Lorena Flores Navas, Jenifer Marian Pérez Navea, Mayela Andreina Pérez Linarez, Patricia María Meléndez Flores
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most frequent alteration in eating behavior and can affect adolescents. The aim was to determine the prevalence of BED, risk factors, and its association with obesity in adolescents in a secondary education institution of Barquisimeto, Venezuela, between September 2013 and February 2014. A sample of 500 adolescents of both sexes (252 male), between 11 and 18 years of age was studied. A questionnaire was applied and anthropometric measurements were performed: weight, height, body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-height index...
December 2014: Gaceta Médica de México
Rebecca R Klatzkin, Sierra Gaffney, Kathryn Cyrus, Elizabeth Bigus, Kimberly A Brownley
This study investigated cardiovascular functioning, mood, and eating-related psychological factors at rest and in response to mental stress in three groups of women: 1) Obese women with binge eating disorder (BED; n=9); 2) obese non-BED women (n=15); and 3) normal weight (NW) non-BED women (n=15). Compared to both obese and NW non-BED women, obese women with BED showed heightened overall blood pressure and reported greater depression symptoms, perceived stress, and eating-related psychopathology. Additionally, obese women with BED reported greater overall negative affect and state anxiety compared to obese non-BED women...
April 1, 2015: Physiology & Behavior
Roeline G Kuijer, Jessica A Boyce, Emma M Marshall
The increase in obesity and the many educational messages prompting us to eat a healthy diet have heightened people's concerns about the effects of food choice on health and weight. An unintended side effect may be that such awareness fuels feelings of guilt and worry about food. Although guilt has the potential to motivate behaviour change, it may also lead to feelings of helplessness and loss of control. The current study examined the relationship between a default association of either 'guilt' or 'celebration' with a prototypical forbidden food item (chocolate cake), indicators of healthy eating and choosing food for mood regulation reasons...
2015: Psychology & Health
Camelia E Hostinar, Kharah M Ross, Edith Chen, Gregory E Miller
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify pathways connecting lifecourse socioeconomic status (SES) with chronic, low-grade inflammation, focusing on the explanatory roles of self-control, abdominal adiposity, and health practices. METHODS: Participants were 360 adults aged 15-55 who were free of chronic medical conditions. They were roughly equally divided between low and high current SES, with each group further divided between low and high early-life SES. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to identify direct and indirect pathways linking early-life and current SES with low-grade, chronic inflammation in adulthood, as manifest by serum interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein...
June 2015: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Elina Mattila, Anna-Leena Orsama, Aino Ahtinen, Leila Hopsu, Timo Leino, Ilkka Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Common risk factors such as obesity, poor nutrition, physical inactivity, stress, and sleep deprivation threaten the wellness and work ability of employees. Personal health technologies may help improve engagement in health promotion programs and maintenance of their effect. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated personal health technologies in supporting employee health promotion targeting multiple behavioral health risks. We studied the relations of usage activity to demographic and physiological characteristics, health-related outcomes (weight, aerobic fitness, blood pressure and cholesterol), and the perceived usefulness of technologies in wellness management...
2013: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Jeong Hyun Cho, Sae Young Jae, I L Han Choo, Jina Choo
AIM: To identify a conceptual link among health-promoting behaviour, interpersonal support and perceived stress and to examine whether the link between interpersonal support and health-promoting behaviour would be mediated by perceived stress among women with abdominal obesity. BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease in women and its reduction can be achieved by weight loss. Adopting health-promoting behaviour may be critical for successful weight loss...
June 2014: Journal of Advanced Nursing
L Cleobury, K Tapper
BACKGROUND: Snack foods are often high in fat and sugar. Thus, reducing snack consumption may be a useful weight management strategy. However, individuals may snack for a variety of reasons with different implications for intervention. The present study examined the perceived reasons for eating main meals, 'unhealthy' snacks (i.e. snacks high in fat or sugar) and 'healthy' snacks in overweight and obese participants. METHODS: Over a period of 5 days, 28 males and 27 females completed a food diary every time they ate...
August 2014: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Patricia H Rosenberger, Lindsey Dorflinger
The study's primary objective is to compare psychosocial characteristics of overweight/obese male Veterans who report binge eating with those who do not report binge eating. Participants include 111 overweight/obese male Veterans who completed questionnaires assessing binge eating, depression, stress, body image, self-efficacy for healthy eating and physical activity, and barriers to physical activity. Of the study sample, 25.2% are classified as binge eaters. Binge eating status is not significantly associated with age, race/ethnicity, weight, or BMI...
August 2013: Eating Behaviors
Kyung E Rhee, Teresa Y Pan, Gregory J Norman, Scott Crow, Kerri Boutelle
BACKGROUND: Emotional eating is associated with negative eating habits and obesity. Parents may be able to decrease the risk of emotional eating in children by promoting greater self-efficacy to engage in healthy eating behaviors. Our goal was to determine the relationship between certain parenting behaviors and eating self-efficacy (ESE) to consume healthy foods during times of emotional stress in a population of overweight/obese children. METHODS: Eighty children (60% female; mean BMI percentile = 98...
September 2013: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Martin Teufel, Kerstin Stephan, Axel Kowalski, Saskia Käsberger, Paul Enck, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin E Giel
Biofeedback application is an evidence-based technique to induce relaxation. A primary mechanism of action is the improvement of self-efficacy, which is needed to facilitate the translation of health behavioral intentions into action. Obesity is often associated with low self-efficacy and dysfunctional eating patterns, including comfort eating as an inexpedient relaxation technique. This is the first study investigating the effects of biofeedback on self-efficacy and relaxation in obesity. In the present experiment, 31 women, mean body mass index 35...
September 2013: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
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