Read by QxMD icon Read

motivation, exercise behaviors, and stress

Yu-Mi Lee, Rock Bum Kim, Hey Jean Lee, Keonyeop Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Hyeung-Keun Park, Soon-Ki Ahn, So Young Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Won Kyung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Mi-Ji Kim, Ki-Soo Park
BACKGROUND: The healthy adherer effect is a phenomenon in which patients who adhere to medical therapies tend to pursue health-seeking behaviors. Although the healthy adherer effect is supposed to affect health outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease, evaluation of its presence and extent is not easy. This study aimed to assess the relationship between medication adherence and lifestyle modifications and health-related quality of life among post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients...
May 22, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Anthony Paul O'Brien, John Hurley, Paul Linsley, Karen Anne McNeil, Richard Fletcher, John Robert Aitken
The purpose of this article is to theoretically explore men's preconception health as a mechanism to enhance fertility, as well as the health and well-being of the subject and his descendants. Premorbid risk factors and behaviors associated with stress, environmental toxins, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, lack of exercise/obesity, and the use of illicit drugs are all known to affect fecundity. While there are many health clinics available to women, where advice in areas such as postnatal care of the newborn, family planning, and couples fertility is provided, there are few, if any, equivalent health clinics available to men...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Daniel Berglind, Gisela Nyberg, Mikaela Willmer, Margareta Persson, Michael Wells, Yvonne Forsell
BACKGROUND: Young adults with mobility disability (MD) are less likely to engage in regular physical activity (PA) compared with their able-bodied peers and inactive adults with a MD are more likely to report one or more chronic diseases compared to those who are physically active. Despite the vast amount of research published in the field of PA interventions over the past decades, little attention has been focused on interventions aiming to increase PA among individuals with MD. Thus, we propose to compare the effects of an eHealth program compared to a usual care supervised health program on levels of PA and other health behaviors...
April 27, 2018: Trials
Marcella Raney, Erin Van Zanten
Hospital nurses play an important role in the nation's short- and long-term patient care. At the same time, nurses often experience high levels of occupational stress and participate in low levels of physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of self-monitoring and a poster campaign on the PA behaviors of hospital nurses. Motivational and instructional exercise posters were hung in break rooms of experimental units and replaced biweekly for 8 weeks. A total of 26 nurses (control: n = 13; experimental: n = 13) wore accelerometers for 3 workdays pre-, mid-, and postintervention...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Bodil Just Christensen, Eva Winning Iepsen, Julie Lundgren, Lotte Holm, Sten Madsbad, Jens Juul Holst, Signe Sørensen Torekov
AIM: The purpose of this study was to identify psychosocial determinants for maintaining weight loss. METHODS: 42 obese individuals who achieved a 12% weight loss before entering a 52-week weight maintenance program were interviewed qualitatively. Psychosocial factors related to weight loss maintenance were identified in two contrasting groups: weight reducers and weight regainers. Groups were defined by health-relevant weight maintenance (additional weight loss > 3% at week 52, n = 9 versus weight gain > 3%, at week 52, n = 20)...
2017: Obesity Facts
Clemens Ley, María Rato Barrio, Andreas Koch
Current evidence suggests positive effects of exercise on posttraumatic stress symptoms; however, knowledge about how these effects are achieved is limited. Thus, this study aims to contribute to a more holistic understanding of these effects. We performed a single case study of a war and torture survivor, who was diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, and who was participant of the sport and exercise therapy program Movi Kune. Participant observation was conducted as well as semi-structured interviews with the participant and his psychotherapist...
February 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
Alison L Miller, Ashley N Gearhardt, Emily M Fredericks, Benjamin Katz, Lilly Fink Shapiro, Kelsie Holden, Niko Kaciroti, Richard Gonzalez, Christine Hunter, Julie C Lumeng
Poor self-regulation (i.e., inability to harness cognitive, emotional, motivational resources to achieve goals) is hypothesized to contribute to unhealthy behaviors across the lifespan. Enhancing early self-regulation may increase positive health outcomes. Obesity is a major public health concern with early-emerging precursors related to self-regulation; it is therefore a good model for understanding self-regulation and health behavior. Preadolescence is a transition when children increase autonomy in health behaviors (e...
February 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Tiffany L Berzins, Judith Gere, Scout M Kelly, John A Updegraff
This study investigated whether positive and negative romantic partner social control attempts (persuasion and pressure, respectively) were related to approach-avoidance motives and exercise among young adults ( N = 98), using daily reports. Daily persuasion was linked to higher daily approach motives. At the person level, persuasion was associated with higher approach and avoidance motives in addition to more frequent, longer exercise. Pressure was associated with higher daily relationship stress, which was associated with higher daily avoidance motives...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Anjum Naweed, Janine Chapman, Matthew Allan, Joshua Trigg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impacts of key barriers to improving the occupational health status of Australian train drivers. METHODS: From May to June, 2015, five semi-structured qualitative focus groups were conducted with 29 train drivers from South Australian, Victorian, and New South Wales-based rail organizations in Australia. RESULTS: Occupational health was impeded by multiple barriers regarding sleep (patterns/fatigue), diet (planning/context), mental health (occupational stress), rostering (low autonomy), sedentary time, low fitness motivation, and family/social life conflicts...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
M Sazzad Hussain, Jane Li, Emily Brindal, Yasmin van Kasteren, Marlien Varnfield, Andrew Reeson, Shlomo Berkovsky, Jill Freyne
BACKGROUND: Total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries have increased in recent years. Exercise programs and other interventions following surgery can facilitate the recovery process. With limited clinician contact time, patients with TKR have a substantial burden of self-management and limited communication with their care team, thus often fail to implement an effective rehabilitation plan. OBJECTIVE: We have developed a digital orthopedic rehabilitation platform that comprises a mobile phone app, wearable activity tracker, and clinical Web portal in order to engage patients with self-management tasks for surgical preparation and recovery, thus addressing the challenges of adherence to and completion of TKR rehabilitation...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Yue Liao, Chih-Ping Chou, Jimi Huh, Adam Leventhal, Genevieve Dunton
PURPOSE: Affective response during physical activity may influence motivation to perform future physical activity behavior. However, affective response during physical activity is often assessed under controlled laboratory conditions. The current study used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to capture affective responses during free-living physical activity performed by adults, and determined whether these affective responses predict future moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels after 6 and 12 months...
August 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Elizabeth P Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Kate Simeon, Tracie McCargo, Michelle Guo, Theodore A Stern
Objective: To assess whether and how effectively an interactive presentation about lifestyle medicine could impact the knowledge and attitudes of medical students to prepare them for managing chronic conditions in their patients. Chronic diseases are increasingly prevalent and problematic. Although chronic disease management involves lifestyle modification, few physicians are adequately trained in effective motivational interventions. Methods: We surveyed first- and second-year Harvard Medical School students in October 2015 before and after a presentation on lifestyle medicine and quantified changes in their knowledge, attitudes/confidence, and skills...
November 24, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Carolyn Vandyken, Sandra Hilton
INTRODUCTION: The complexity of female sexual pain requires an interdisciplinary approach. Physical therapists trained in pelvic health conditions are well positioned to be active members of an interdisciplinary team addressing the assessment and treatment of female sexual pain. Changes within physical therapy practice in the last ten years have resulted in significant utilization of pelvic floor muscle relaxation and manual therapy techniques to address a variety of pelvic pain conditions, including female sexual pain...
January 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
Anna M Bardone-Cone, M K Higgins, Sara M St George, Ilyssa Rosenzweig, Lauren M Schaefer, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Taylor M Henning, Brittany F Preston
This study examined the relationship between behavioral and psychological aspects of exercise and eating disorder recovery. Participants were categorized as having an eating disorder (n = 53), partially recovered (n = 15), fully recovered (n = 20), or non-eating disorder controls (n = 67). Groups did not differ significantly in time spent exercising, but did differ in exercise intensity, guilt-related exercise, obsessive exercise cognitions, and appearance/weight management and stress/mood management motivations for exercise...
October 2016: Eating Disorders
Sukhee Ahn, Rhayun Song, Si Wan Choi
PURPOSE: The project was to test a structural equation model in which self-efficacy, self-care health behaviors, and modifiable risk factors predict the quality of life (QOL) of individuals with coronary artery disease. METHODS: The data set from the intervention study with 130 patients with coronary artery disease before the intervention was included in the secondary analysis for this study. The following parameters were measured: self-efficacy, self-care health behaviors with the subscales of health responsibility, exercise, consumption of a healthy diet, stress management, and smoking cessation; modifiable risk score; and QOL (assessed using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey instrument)...
June 2016: Asian Nursing Research
Ruth Q Wolever, Mark H Dreusicke
OBJECTIVE: Medication adherence requires underlying behavior skills and a supporting mindset that may not be addressed with education or reminders. Founded in the study of internal motivation and health psychology, integrative health coaching (IHC) helps patients gain insight into their behaviors and make long-term, sustainable lifestyle changes. The purpose of the study is to determine whether IHC improves oral medication adherence, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and psychosocial measures, and to assess whether adherence changes are sustained after the intervention...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Heather E Cuevas, Gayle M Timmerman
PURPOSE: Helping patients maximize their potential using expert coaching to facilitate lifestyle change is an important practice area for clinical nurse specialists (CNSs). The purpose is to determine the usefulness of objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) for evaluating CNS students' coaching competencies in the context of facilitating lifestyle change. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Despite the use of OSCEs to assess competencies in clinical skills (eg, performance of procedures, decision making), its potential for evaluating coaching competencies for lifestyle change has not been demonstrated...
May 2016: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
Sven Alfonsson, Erik Olsson, Timo Hursti
BACKGROUND: In previous research, variables such as age, education, treatment credibility, and therapeutic alliance have shown to affect patients' treatment adherence and outcome in Internet-based psychotherapy. A more detailed understanding of how such variables are associated with different measures of adherence and clinical outcomes may help in designing more effective online therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate demographical, psychological, and treatment-specific variables that could predict dropout, treatment adherence, and treatment outcomes in a study of online relaxation for mild to moderate stress symptoms...
March 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jennifer C Spencer, Stephanie B Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of Motivational Interviewing (MI) interventions among cancer patients and survivors, and determine aspects of intervention design that are common across successful MI interventions for this population. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies addressing behavior change in cancer patients or survivors using Motivational Interviewing techniques. Studies were categorized into three groups based on behavioral outcome; lifestyle behaviors, psychosocial outcomes, and cancer-related symptom management...
July 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"