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motivation, exercise behaviors, and stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854820/associations-between-social-control-motivation-and-exercise-how-romantic-partners-influence-exercise-during-young-adulthood
#1
Tiffany L Berzins, Judith Gere, Scout M Kelly, John A Updegraff
This study investigated whether positive and negative romantic partner social control attempts (persuasion and pressure, respectively) were related to approach-avoidance motives and exercise among young adults ( N = 98), using daily reports. Daily persuasion was linked to higher daily approach motives. At the person level, persuasion was associated with higher approach and avoidance motives in addition to more frequent, longer exercise. Pressure was associated with higher daily relationship stress, which was associated with higher daily avoidance motives...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267098/it-comes-with-the-job-work-organizational-job-design-and-self-regulatory-barriers-to-improving-the-health-status-of-train-drivers
#2
Anjum Naweed, Janine Chapman, Matthew Allan, Joshua Trigg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impacts of key barriers to improving the occupational health status of Australian train drivers. METHODS: From May to June, 2015, five semi-structured qualitative focus groups were conducted with 29 train drivers from South Australian, Victorian, and New South Wales-based rail organizations in Australia. RESULTS: Occupational health was impeded by multiple barriers regarding sleep (patterns/fatigue), diet (planning/context), mental health (occupational stress), rostering (low autonomy), sedentary time, low fitness motivation, and family/social life conflicts...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249832/supporting-the-delivery-of-total-knee-replacements-care-for-both-patients-and-their-clinicians-with-a-mobile-app-and-web-based-tool-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#3
M Sazzad Hussain, Jane Li, Emily Brindal, Yasmin van Kasteren, Marlien Varnfield, Andrew Reeson, Shlomo Berkovsky, Jill Freyne
BACKGROUND: Total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries have increased in recent years. Exercise programs and other interventions following surgery can facilitate the recovery process. With limited clinician contact time, patients with TKR have a substantial burden of self-management and limited communication with their care team, thus often fail to implement an effective rehabilitation plan. OBJECTIVE: We have developed a digital orthopedic rehabilitation platform that comprises a mobile phone app, wearable activity tracker, and clinical Web portal in order to engage patients with self-management tasks for surgical preparation and recovery, thus addressing the challenges of adherence to and completion of TKR rehabilitation...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008556/associations-of-affective-responses-during-free-living-physical-activity-and-future-physical-activity-levels-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#4
Yue Liao, Chih-Ping Chou, Jimi Huh, Adam Leventhal, Genevieve Dunton
PURPOSE: Affective response during physical activity may influence motivation to perform future physical activity behavior. However, affective response during physical activity is often assessed under controlled laboratory conditions. The current study used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to capture affective responses during free-living physical activity performed by adults, and determined whether these affective responses predict future moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels after 6 and 12 months...
August 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922227/increasing-knowledge-and-confidence-in-behavioral-change-a-pilot-study
#5
Elizabeth P Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Kate Simeon, Tracie McCargo, Michelle Guo, Theodore A Stern
Objective: To assess whether and how effectively an interactive presentation about lifestyle medicine could impact the knowledge and attitudes of medical students to prepare them for managing chronic conditions in their patients. Chronic diseases are increasingly prevalent and problematic. Although chronic disease management involves lifestyle modification, few physicians are adequately trained in effective motivational interventions. Methods: We surveyed first- and second-year Harvard Medical School students in October 2015 before and after a presentation on lifestyle medicine and quantified changes in their knowledge, attitudes/confidence, and skills...
November 24, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498209/physical-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-central-pain-mechanisms-for-female-sexual-pain
#6
REVIEW
Carolyn Vandyken, Sandra Hilton
INTRODUCTION: The complexity of female sexual pain requires an interdisciplinary approach. Physical therapists trained in pelvic health conditions are well positioned to be active members of an interdisciplinary team addressing the assessment and treatment of female sexual pain. Changes within physical therapy practice in the last ten years have resulted in significant utilization of pelvic floor muscle relaxation and manual therapy techniques to address a variety of pelvic pain conditions, including female sexual pain...
January 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463591/behavioral-and-psychological-aspects-of-exercise-across-stages-of-eating-disorder-recovery
#7
Anna M Bardone-Cone, M K Higgins, Sara M St George, Ilyssa Rosenzweig, Lauren M Schaefer, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Taylor M Henning, Brittany F Preston
This study examined the relationship between behavioral and psychological aspects of exercise and eating disorder recovery. Participants were categorized as having an eating disorder (n = 53), partially recovered (n = 15), fully recovered (n = 20), or non-eating disorder controls (n = 67). Groups did not differ significantly in time spent exercising, but did differ in exercise intensity, guilt-related exercise, obsessive exercise cognitions, and appearance/weight management and stress/mood management motivations for exercise...
October 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349674/effects-of-self-care-health-behaviors-on-quality-of-life-mediated-by-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-individuals-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#8
Sukhee Ahn, Rhayun Song, Si Wan Choi
PURPOSE: The project was to test a structural equation model in which self-efficacy, self-care health behaviors, and modifiable risk factors predict the quality of life (QOL) of individuals with coronary artery disease. METHODS: The data set from the intervention study with 130 patients with coronary artery disease before the intervention was included in the secondary analysis for this study. The following parameters were measured: self-efficacy, self-care health behaviors with the subscales of health responsibility, exercise, consumption of a healthy diet, stress management, and smoking cessation; modifiable risk score; and QOL (assessed using the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey instrument)...
June 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239318/integrative-health-coaching-a-behavior-skills-approach-that-improves-hba1c-and-pharmacy-claims-derived-medication-adherence
#9
Ruth Q Wolever, Mark H Dreusicke
OBJECTIVE: Medication adherence requires underlying behavior skills and a supporting mindset that may not be addressed with education or reminders. Founded in the study of internal motivation and health psychology, integrative health coaching (IHC) helps patients gain insight into their behaviors and make long-term, sustainable lifestyle changes. The purpose of the study is to determine whether IHC improves oral medication adherence, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and psychosocial measures, and to assess whether adherence changes are sustained after the intervention...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055040/use-of-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-in-clinical-nurse-specialist-education
#10
Heather E Cuevas, Gayle M Timmerman
PURPOSE: Helping patients maximize their potential using expert coaching to facilitate lifestyle change is an important practice area for clinical nurse specialists (CNSs). The purpose is to determine the usefulness of objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) for evaluating CNS students' coaching competencies in the context of facilitating lifestyle change. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Despite the use of OSCEs to assess competencies in clinical skills (eg, performance of procedures, decision making), its potential for evaluating coaching competencies for lifestyle change has not been demonstrated...
May 2016: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957354/motivation-and-treatment-credibility-predicts-dropout-treatment-adherence-and-clinical-outcomes-in-an-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-relaxation-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sven Alfonsson, Erik Olsson, Timo Hursti
BACKGROUND: In previous research, variables such as age, education, treatment credibility, and therapeutic alliance have shown to affect patients' treatment adherence and outcome in Internet-based psychotherapy. A more detailed understanding of how such variables are associated with different measures of adherence and clinical outcomes may help in designing more effective online therapy. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate demographical, psychological, and treatment-specific variables that could predict dropout, treatment adherence, and treatment outcomes in a study of online relaxation for mild to moderate stress symptoms...
March 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26879805/a-systematic-review-of-motivational-interviewing-interventions-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer C Spencer, Stephanie B Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of Motivational Interviewing (MI) interventions among cancer patients and survivors, and determine aspects of intervention design that are common across successful MI interventions for this population. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies addressing behavior change in cancer patients or survivors using Motivational Interviewing techniques. Studies were categorized into three groups based on behavioral outcome; lifestyle behaviors, psychosocial outcomes, and cancer-related symptom management...
July 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26747725/combining-persuasive-technology-with-behavioral-theory-to-support-weight-maintenance-through-a-mobile-phone-app-protocol-for-the-motimate-app
#13
Emily Brindal, Gilly A Hendrie, Jill Freyne
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of health-focused mobile phone apps available for download increases daily, with weight management apps being among the most proliferative. However, most lack theoretic grounding or evidence of efficacy. There is a significant body of literature which provides evidence for behaviors which are associated with successful weight loss maintenance. Behavioral theory also provides further insight regarding successful behavior change and maintenance. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to apply this knowledge to the development of the functionality of an app targeting weight loss maintenance...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26303347/an-interactive-computer-session-to-initiate-physical-activity-in-sedentary-cardiac-patients-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fabio A Almeida, Renae L Smith-Ray, David A Dzewaltowski, Russell E Glasgow, Rebecca E Lee, Deborah S K Thomas, Stanley Xu, Paul A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) improves many facets of health. Despite this, the majority of American adults are insufficiently active. Adults who visit a physician complaining of chest pain and related cardiovascular symptoms are often referred for further testing. However, when this testing does not reveal an underlying disease or pathology, patients typically receive no additional standard care services. A PA intervention delivered within the clinic setting may be an effective strategy for improving the health of this population at a time when they may be motivated to take preventive action...
August 24, 2015: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26181666/psychological-interventions-in-cardiovascular-disease-an-update
#15
REVIEW
Maw Pin Tan, Karen Morgan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate recent literature on psychological interventions in cardiovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Mindfulness-based stress reduction did not reduce blood pressure, and a self-management programme in heart failure patients (HART), showed no improvement in health-related quality of life. Web-based decision aids are as effective as individually tailored counseling at reducing cardiovascular risk. Among health attack survivors, the ProActive Heart study involving telephone delivered counseling reduced anxiety whereas integrated motivational interviewing cognitive behavioral therapy (Beating Heart Problems) reduced depression and anger with no physiological or behavioral benefits...
September 2015: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25846837/anorexia-nervosa-as-a-motivated-behavior-relevance-of-anxiety-stress-fear-and-learning
#16
REVIEW
Angela S Guarda, Colleen C Schreyer, Gretha J Boersma, Kellie L Tamashiro, Timothy H Moran
The high comorbidity between anorexia nervosa (AN) and anxiety disorders is well recognized. AN is a motivated behavioral disorder in which habit formation is likely to contribute to the persistence of abnormal eating and exercise behaviors. Secondary alterations in brain circuitry underlying the reward value of food and exercise, along with disturbances in neuroendocrine hunger and satiety signaling arising from starvation and excessive exercise, are likely contributors to the maintenance of anorectic behaviors in genetically vulnerable individuals...
December 1, 2015: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25542774/stuck-in-a-vicious-circle-of-stress-parental-concerns-and-barriers-to-changing-children-s-dietary-and-physical-activity-habits
#17
Åsa Norman, Anita Berlin, Elinor Sundblom, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Gisela Nyberg
INTRODUCTION: Dietary habits and physical activity are often the focus of obesity prevention programmes and involving parents in such programmes has proven to be effective. The aims of this study were to describe parents' concerns about their children's diet and physical activity habits and to describe barriers to change. RESULTS: The study used archival data gathered unobtrusively in the form of memos taken after sessions of Motivational Interviewing as part of the parental support programme, A Healthy School Start...
April 2015: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25438395/secondary-prevention-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-socio-economic-and-lifestyle-determinants-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Venetia Notara, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christos E Pitsavos
Although cardiovascular disease mortality rates seem to decline, especially among middle-aged people in developed countries, the prevalence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) increases, representing the most common cause of morbidity in both developed and developing countries and generating large economic burden. It is estimated that one fifth of the ACS patients die suddenly and half of them belong to a fast growing popula- tion age-group, i.e., those between 70 and .80 years. A substantial number of these deaths has been attributed to various lifestyles, modifiable factors; therefore, it can be prevented...
September 2014: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25418256/association-of-health-self-empowerment-with-health-promoting-behaviors-among-chronically-ill-african-american-and-non-hispanic-white-adolescents
#19
Carolyn M Tucker, Guillermo M Wippold, Tasia M Smith, Frederic F Desmond, Tya M Arthur, Ashley M Butler, Rebecca R Pauly, Sharon L Surrency
OBJECTIVE: Health Self-Empowerment Theory (health motivation, health self-efficacy, health self-praise, and active coping) was examined as a predictor of levels of engagement in four health-promoting behaviors (health responsibility behaviors, regular exercise, healthy eating, and stress management behaviors) among low-income African American adolescents and non-Hispanic White American adolescents living with at least one chronic illness. METHODS: Eighty-seven participants completed measures of the Health Self-Empowerment Theory variables and of level of engagement in each of the four health-promoting behaviors...
November 2014: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25150711/the-impact-of-the-natural-environment-on-the-promotion-of-active-living-an-integrative-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Giovanna Calogiuri, Stiliani Chroni
BACKGROUND: An understanding of how the living environment influences physical activity (PA) is of great importance for health promotion. Researchers have reported increased PA when there is a greater availability of nature within people's living environment. However, little has been said about underlying motivational processes. The aim of this study was to review the existing literature on the relationship between the natural environment (NE) and PA, integrating it into a conceptual model that depicts the motivational process underlying this relationship...
2014: BMC Public Health
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