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stress and exercise intention

Joshua H Guy, David B Pyne, Glen B Deakin, Catherine M Miller, Andrew M Edwards
PURPOSE: While the intention of endurance athletes undertaking short term heat training protocols is to rapidly gain meaningful physical adaption prior to competition in the heat, it is currently unclear whether or not this process also presents an overt, acute challenge to the immune system. The aim of this study was therefore to examine the effects of heat training on both endurance performance and biomarkers associated with inflammatory and immune system responses. METHODS: Moderately-actively males (n = 24) were allocated randomly to either HOT (n = 8, 35°C, and 70% RH; NEUTRAL (n = 8, 20°C, and 45% RH); or a non-exercising control group, (CON, n = 8)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Wilson L Medina, David Wilson, Vera Lucia M A de Salvo, Bruna Vannucchi, Erika Leonardo de Souza, Leandro Lucena, Héctor Morillo Sarto, Héctor Morillo Sarto, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Marcos Piva Demarzo
: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an emerging global healthcare problem and its prevalence is increasing at an alarming rate. Despite improvements in both medical and pharmacological therapies, a complex medical condition may demand a diversified approach, such as: drug therapy, healthy diet and behavior exercises, diabetes education programs, adherence to medical treatment and active participation of the patients in their lifestyle changes, such as stress management. The concept of mindfulness is here defined as the awareness that unfolds from the intention to attentively observe the current experience in a non-judgmental and non-evaluative way...
June 6, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
Daniel B Mark, Jerome J Federspiel, Patricia A Cowper, Kevin J Anstrom, Udo Hoffmann, Manesh R Patel, Linda Davidson-Ray, Melanie R Daniels, Lawton S Cooper, J David Knight, Kerry L Lee, Pamela S Douglas
BACKGROUND: PROMISE (PROspective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain) found that initial use of at least 64-slice multidetector computed tomography angiography (CTA) versus functional diagnostic testing strategies did not improve clinical outcomes in stable symptomatic patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) requiring noninvasive testing. OBJECTIVE: To conduct an economic analysis for PROMISE (a major secondary aim of the study)...
July 19, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Jennifer Daubenmier, Patricia J Moran, Jean Kristeller, Michael Acree, Peter Bacchetti, Margaret E Kemeny, Mary Dallman, Robert H Lustig, Carl Grunfeld, Douglas F Nixon, Jeffrey M Milush, Veronica Goldman, Barbara Laraia, Kevin D Laugero, Leslie Woodhouse, Elissa S Epel, Frederick M Hecht
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adding mindfulness-based eating and stress management practices to a diet-exercise program improves weight loss and metabolic syndrome components. METHODS: In this study 194 adults with obesity were randomized to a 5.5-month program with or without mindfulness training and identical diet-exercise guidelines. Intention-to-treat analyses with multiple imputation were used for missing data. The primary outcome was 18-month weight change...
April 2016: Obesity
Ashley E Mason, Elissa S Epel, Kirstin Aschbacher, Robert H Lustig, Michael Acree, Jean Kristeller, Michael Cohn, Mary Dallman, Patricia J Moran, Peter Bacchetti, Barbara Laraia, Frederick M Hecht, Jennifer Daubenmier
Many individuals with obesity report over eating despite intentions to maintain or lose weight. Two barriers to long-term weight loss are reward-driven eating, which is characterized by a lack of control over eating, a preoccupation with food, and a lack of satiety; and psychological stress. Mindfulness training may address these barriers by promoting awareness of hunger and satiety cues, self-regulatory control, and stress reduction. We examined these two barriers as potential mediators of weight loss in the Supporting Health by Integrating Nutrition and Exercise (SHINE) randomized controlled trial, which compared the effects of a 5...
May 1, 2016: Appetite
M John Petrozzi, Andrew Leaver, Mairwen K Jones, Paulo H Ferreira, Sidney M Rubinstein, Martin G Mackey
BACKGROUND: Various interventions are available for the treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP), including Manual Therapy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the addition of an internet-based CBT program leads to better outcomes in patients who are treated with multimodal manual therapy for chronic LBP. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial comparing a combined intervention, consisting of internet-based CBT utilising MoodGYM plus multimodal manual therapy, to multimodal manual therapy alone for patients with chronic LBP...
2015: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Jacob A Siedlik, Jake A Deckert, Aaron W Clopton, Nicole Gigliotti, Marcia A Chan, Stephen H Benedict, Trent J Herda, Philip M Gallagher, John P Vardiman
Combined physical and psychological stress events have been associated with exacerbated endocrine responses and increased alterations in immune cell trafficking when compared to exercise stress alone. Military training programs are rigorous in nature and often purposefully delivered in environments combining high levels of both physical and mental stress. The objective of this study was to assess physiological and cognitive changes following U.S. Marine Corps Martial Arts training. Seven active-duty, male Marines were observed during a typical Marine Corps Martial Arts training session...
February 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Wu Jiang, Jianhua Yao, Dejia Kong, Wei Sun, Yan Huang, Huayong Zheng, Chen Liu, Xianguo Bao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of one-stage repair and reconstruction of multiple ligament injuries of the knee under arthroscopy. METHODS: Between March 2007 and March 2009, 25 patients (25 knees) with multiple ligament injuries of the knee underwent one-stage repair and reconstruction under arthroscopy. Of 25 cases, 16 were male and 9 were female with an average age of 29.6 years (range, 18-43 years). The causes of injury were traffic accident injury in 20 cases, falling injury from height in 3 cases, and sport injury in 2 cases...
July 2014: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Adrienne Forsyth, Frank P Deane, Peter Williams
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a diet and exercise lifestyle intervention on mental health outcomes for patients currently being treated for depression and/or anxiety in primary care. Patients (n=119) referred by general practitioners to the 12-week randomised controlled trial were assigned to either an intervention of six visits to a dual qualified dietitian/exercise physiologist (DEP) where motivational interviewing and activity scheduling were used to engage patients in individually-tailored lifestyle change (focussed on diet and physical activity), or an attention control with scheduled telephone contact...
December 15, 2015: Psychiatry Research
Marcus Eckert, David D Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Bernhard Sieland, Hooria Jazaieri, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVES: Many teachers report high levels of job-related stress. Successful outcomes in stress-management trainings depend on participants actively engaging in skill-building exercises. However, despite good intentions to engage in such exercises on a regular basis, many participants ultimately fail to do so. The present study seeks to understand whether general emotion regulation (ER) skills moderate the relation between the intention to engage in skill-building exercises and actually engaging in these exercises...
November 2015: American Journal of Health Behavior
A van Dongen
Retention of blood donors has benefits over recruitment of new blood donors. Retention is defined as preventing donors from lapsing and eventually becoming inactive. This review paper discusses literature on the importance of efforts to retain donors, specifically new donors, since lapsing is most common before the fifth donation. Studies have found that intention to donate, attitudes towards blood donation and self-efficacy (does one feel capable of donating blood) are predictors of blood donation. Feelings of 'warm glow' predict donation behaviour better than altruism...
August 2015: Transfusion Medicine
Cinara Sacomori, Bary Berghmans, Ilse Mesters, Rob de Bie, Fernando Luiz Cardoso
QUESTION: Do strategies to enhance self-efficacy and exercise mastery affect adherence to home-based pelvic floor muscle exercises in women with urinary incontinence? DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel, randomised, controlled trial with intention-to-treat analysis. Randomisation was performed using computer-generated random numbers in five blocks of 20 women. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-six women with stress, urgency or mixed urinary incontinence. INTERVENTION: All participants underwent three individual physiotherapy clinic visits at Day 0, 15 and 30, and 2 further months of home-based pelvic floor muscle exercises...
October 2015: Journal of Physiotherapy
Letitia Campbell, Justin Kenardy, Tonny Andersen, Leanne McGregor, Annick Maujean, Michele Sterling
INTRODUCTION: As a consequence of a road traffic crash, persistent pain and disability following whiplash injury are common and incur substantial personal and economic costs. Up to 50% of people who experience a whiplash injury will never fully recover and up to 30% will remain moderately to severely disabled by the condition. The reason as to why symptoms persist past the acute to sub-acute stage and become chronic is unclear, but likely results from complex interactions between structural injury, physical impairments, and psychological and psychosocial factors...
October 2015: Journal of Physiotherapy
Moyi Li, Qianying Fang, Junzhe Li, Xin Zheng, Jing Tao, Xinghui Yan, Qiu Lin, Xiulu Lan, Bai Chen, Guohua Zheng, Lidian Chen
BACKGROUND: The physical and mental health of college students tends to continuously decline around the world, therefore, it is important to improve their health during college period. Baduanjin, a traditional Chinese exercise which combines movements with breath and mind, may be one of the selectable effective exercises. However, the effect of Baduanjin exercise on college students has not been established. In this study, we systematically assessed the effectiveness and safety of Baduanjin exercise on physical and mental health of college students by a rigorous randomized, parallel-controlled design...
2015: PloS One
Carrie Ritchie, Justin Kenardy, Rob Smeets, Michele Sterling
INTRODUCTION: Whiplash associated disorders are the most common non-hospitalised injuries following a road traffic crash. Up to 50% of individuals who experience a whiplash injury will not fully recover and report ongoing pain and disability. Most recovery, if it occurs, takes place in the first 2-3 months post injury, indicating that treatment provided in the early stages is critical to long-term outcome. However, early management approaches for people with acute whiplash associated disorders are modestly effective...
July 2015: Journal of Physiotherapy
Bala Murali Sundram, Maznah Dahlui, Karuthan Chinna
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of individual-focused stress management training namely Deep Breathing Exercise (DBE) on self-perceived occupational stress among male automotive assembly-line workers. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted at 2 automotive assembly plants in Malaysia over 9 months, from January 2012 to September 2012. Assembly-line workers from Plant A received DBE training while Plant B acted as a control by receiving pamphlets on stress and its ill-effects...
March 2014: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Mariangela Panebianco, Kalpana Sridharan, Sridharan Ramaratnam
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in The Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 2002.Yoga may induce relaxation and stress reduction, and influence the electroencephalogram and the autonomic nervous system, thereby controlling seizures. Yoga would be an attractive therapeutic option for epilepsy if proved effective. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether people with epilepsy treated with yoga:(a) have a greater probability of becoming seizure free;(b) have a significant reduction in the frequency or duration of seizures, or both; and(c) have a better quality of life...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Royer F Cook, Rebekah K Hersch, Dana Schlossberg, Samantha L Leaf
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence supports the efficacy of programs that promote improvements in the health practices of workers 50 years and older who are at higher risk for chronic diseases than younger workers are. Internet-based programs that promote healthy practices have also shown promise and, therefore, should be especially appropriate for workers aged 50 years and older. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to evaluate the effectiveness of HealthyPast50, a fully automated Web-based health promotion program based on social cognitive theory and aimed specifically at workers 50 years and older...
2015: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Chuan Liu, Lie Wang, Qun Zhao
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry has been considered as one of the most stressful medical specialities, and psychiatrists are likely to experience impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, few studies are available in regard to related factors of HRQOL among psychiatrists in China. This study aims to evaluate the condition of HRQOL of psychiatrists and explore its predictive factors, especially the effects of occupational stress and psychological capital. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter survey was conducted among psychiatrists from different regions of Liaoning province, China, during August 2013-April 2014...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
Kimberly Bellon, Stephanie Kolakowsky-Hayner, Jerry Wright, Henry Huie, Ketra Toda, Tamara Bushnik, Jeffrey Englander
UNLABELLED: Abstract Objective: To determine whether a 12-week home-based walking programme can decrease perceived stress and depressive symptoms in persons with a traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Community- and home-based. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-nine participants with a TBI. DESIGN: Comparative effectiveness cross-over design with random assignment to treatment sequence and blinded post-hoc assessment of outcome where participants completed a 12-week walking intervention and a nutrition education module...
2015: Brain Injury: [BI]
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