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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120970/effect-of-smoking-status-on-exercise-perception-and-intentions-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-enrollment-among-patients-hospitalized-with-an-acute-cardiac-condition
#1
Hayden Riley, Samuel Headley, Christa Winter, Sara Mazur, Diann E Gaalema, Sarah Goff, Peter K Lindenauer, Quinn R Pack
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) attendance has been associated with higher smoking cessation (SC) rates. However, for unclear reasons, smokers are consistently less likely to enroll in CR than nonsmokers, and it is uncertain what might encourage them to attend. METHODS: We surveyed patients eligible for CR who were cigarette smokers at the time of hospital admission. We assessed patient intention to quit smoking, start exercising, and enroll in CR. We also measured anxiety and depression levels...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103656/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-stable-angina-orbita-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Rasha Al-Lamee, David Thompson, Hakim-Moulay Dehbi, Sayan Sen, Kare Tang, John Davies, Thomas Keeble, Michael Mielewczik, Raffi Kaprielian, Iqbal S Malik, Sukhjinder S Nijjer, Ricardo Petraco, Christopher Cook, Yousif Ahmad, James Howard, Christopher Baker, Andrew Sharp, Robert Gerber, Suneel Talwar, Ravi Assomull, Jamil Mayet, Roland Wensel, David Collier, Matthew Shun-Shin, Simon A Thom, Justin E Davies, Darrel P Francis
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic relief is the primary goal of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in stable angina and is commonly observed clinically. However, there is no evidence from blinded, placebo-controlled randomised trials to show its efficacy. METHODS: ORBITA is a blinded, multicentre randomised trial of PCI versus a placebo procedure for angina relief that was done at five study sites in the UK. We enrolled patients with severe (≥70%) single-vessel stenoses...
November 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982217/yoga-for-epilepsy
#3
REVIEW
Mariangela Panebianco, Kalpana Sridharan, Sridharan Ramaratnam
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in the Cochrane Library, Issue 5, 2015.Yoga may induce relaxation and stress reduction, and influence the electroencephalogram and the autonomic nervous system, thereby controlling seizures. Yoga would be an attractive therapeutic option for epilepsy if proved effective. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether people with epilepsy treated with yoga:(a) have a greater probability of becoming seizure free;(b) have a significant reduction in the frequency or duration of seizures, or both; and(c) have a better quality of life...
October 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873320/influence-of-rhodiola-rosea-on-the-heat-acclimation-process-in-young-healthy-men
#4
Saima Timpmann, Anthony C Hackney, Maria Tamm, Kairi Kreegipuu, Eve Unt, Vahur Ööpik
The adaptogen Rhodiola rosea (RR) may mitigate stress responses and have beneficial effects on endurance capacity (EC) and mental performance. Heat acclimation (HA) improves EC in the heat, but the potential impact of RR on the HA process is unknown. Therefore, our intent was to determine if RR has a positive impact on HA. Twenty male subjects (age, 22.5 ± 3.0 years) completed 2 EC tests involving walking (6 km·h(-1)) until volitional exhaustion in a climate chamber (air temperature, 42 °C; relative humidity, 18%) before (H1) and after (H2) an 8-day HA period...
September 5, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780647/cardiovascular-responses-to-skeletal-muscle-stretching-stretching-the-truth-or-a-new-exercise-paradigm-for-cardiovascular-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Nicholas T Kruse, Barry W Scheuermann
Stretching is commonly prescribed with the intended purpose of increasing range of motion, enhancing muscular coordination, and preventing prolonged immobilization induced by aging or a sedentary lifestyle. Emerging evidence suggests that acute or long-term stretching exercise may modulate a variety of cardiovascular responses. Specifically, at the onset of stretch, the mechanical deformation of the vascular bed coupled with stimulation of group III muscle afferent fibers initiates a cascade of events resulting in both peripheral vasodilation and a heart rate-driven increase in cardiac output, blood pressure, and muscle blood flow...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408830/twelve-week-physical-exercise-does-not-have-a-long-lasting-effect-on-kynurenines-in-plasma-of-depressed-patients
#6
Vincent Millischer, Sophie Erhardt, Örjan Ekblom, Yvonne Forsell, Catharina Lavebratt
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has well-characterized positive effects on depressive symptoms. The underlying biologic mechanisms are, however, far from established. A recently discovered mechanism has linked the enhanced conversion of kynurenine to kynurenic acid (KYNA) to an increased resilience toward stress-induced depression in mice. The aim of this study was to translate these findings to humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Kynurenine and KYNA levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography in plasma samples from 117 patients affected by mild-to-moderate depression before and within a week after a 12-week training period at three different intensities...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292741/writing-for-health-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-benefit-finding-writing-for-adults-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes
#7
Joanna Crawford, Kay Wilhelm, Lisa Robins, Judy Proudfoot
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is Australia's fastest growing chronic disease, and has high comorbidity with depression. Both subthreshold depression and diabetes distress are common amongst people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and are associated with poorer diabetes self-care. A need exists for low-intensity self-help interventions for large numbers of people with diabetes and diabetes distress or subthreshold depression, as part of a stepped-care approach to meeting the psychological needs of people with diabetes...
March 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989278/the-effectiveness-of-a-stress-reduction-and-burnout-prevention-program
#8
Marita Stier-Jarmer, Dieter Frisch, Cornelia Oberhauser, Götz Berberich, Angela Schuh
BACKGROUND: Chronic psychological distress appears to have increased in recent years, mainly among the working population. The data available indicate that mental and behavioral disorders, including burnout syndrome, represent not only a personal problem for those afflicted, but also a serious public health issue. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of an outpatient burnout prevention program in a mono-center health resort setting. METHODS: Adults experiencing an above-average level of stress and thus being at an increased risk of burnout were randomized either to the intervention group (IG) or the waiting control group (WG)...
November 18, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900199/effects-of-exercise-on-markers-of-oxidative-stress-an-ancillary-analysis-of-the-alberta-physical-activity-and-breast-cancer-prevention-trial
#9
Christine M Friedenreich, Vincent Pialoux, Qinggang Wang, Eileen Shaw, Darren R Brenner, Xavier Waltz, Shannon M Conroy, Rhys Johnson, Christy G Woolcott, Marc J Poulin, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress may contribute to cancer aetiology through several mechanisms involving damage to DNA, proteins and lipids leading to genetic mutations and genomic instability. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of aerobic exercise on markers of oxidative damage and antioxidant enzymes in postmenopausal women. METHODS: The Alberta Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Prevention Trial (ALPHA) was a two-centre, two-armed randomised trial of 320 inactive, healthy, postmenopausal women aged 50-74 years...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524970/acclimation-training-improves-endurance-cycling-performance-in-the-heat-without-inducing-endotoxemia
#10
Joshua H Guy, David B Pyne, Glen B Deakin, Catherine M Miller, Andrew M Edwards
PURPOSE: While the intention of endurance athletes undertaking short term heat training protocols is to rapidly gain meaningful physical adaption prior to competition in the heat, it is currently unclear whether or not this process also presents an overt, acute challenge to the immune system. The aim of this study was therefore to examine the effects of heat training on both endurance performance and biomarkers associated with inflammatory and immune system responses. METHODS: Moderately-actively males (n = 24) were allocated randomly to either HOT (n = 8, 35°C, and 70% RH; NEUTRAL (n = 8, 20°C, and 45% RH); or a non-exercising control group, (CON, n = 8)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280721/effects-of-mindfulness-on-diabetes-mellitus-rationale-and-overview
#11
Wilson L Medina, David Wilson, Vera de Salvo, Bruna Vannucchi, Érika Leonardo de Souza, Leandro Lucena, Héctor Morillo Sarto, Marta Modrego-Alarcón, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an emerging global healthcare problem and its prevalence is increasing at an alarming rate. Despite improvements in both medical and pharmacological therapies, a complex medical condition may demand a diversified approach, such as: drug therapy, healthy diet and exercises, diabetes education programs, adherence to medical treatment and active participation of the patients in their lifestyle changes, such as stress management. The concept of mindfulness is here defined as the awareness that unfolds from the intention to attentively observe the current experience in a non-judgmental and non-evaluative way...
2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214597/economic-outcomes-with-anatomical-versus-functional-diagnostic-testing-for-coronary-artery-disease
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Daniel B Mark, Jerome J Federspiel, Patricia A Cowper, Kevin J Anstrom, Udo Hoffmann, Manesh R Patel, Linda Davidson-Ray, Melanie R Daniels, Lawton S Cooper, J David Knight, Kerry L Lee, Pamela S Douglas
BACKGROUND: PROMISE (PROspective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain) found that initial use of at least 64-slice multidetector computed tomography angiography (CTA) versus functional diagnostic testing strategies did not improve clinical outcomes in stable symptomatic patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) requiring noninvasive testing. OBJECTIVE: To conduct an economic analysis for PROMISE (a major secondary aim of the study)...
July 19, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26955895/effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-weight-loss-intervention-in-adults-with-obesity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jennifer Daubenmier, Patricia J Moran, Jean Kristeller, Michael Acree, Peter Bacchetti, Margaret E Kemeny, Mary Dallman, Robert H Lustig, Carl Grunfeld, Douglas F Nixon, Jeffrey M Milush, Veronica Goldman, Barbara Laraia, Kevin D Laugero, Leslie Woodhouse, Elissa S Epel, Frederick M Hecht
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adding mindfulness-based eating and stress management practices to a diet-exercise program improves weight loss and metabolic syndrome components. METHODS: In this study 194 adults with obesity were randomized to a 5.5-month program with or without mindfulness training and identical diet-exercise guidelines. Intention-to-treat analyses with multiple imputation were used for missing data. The primary outcome was 18-month weight change...
April 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26867697/reduced-reward-driven-eating-accounts-for-the-impact-of-a-mindfulness-based-diet-and-exercise-intervention-on-weight-loss-data-from-the-shine-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ashley E Mason, Elissa S Epel, Kirstin Aschbacher, Robert H Lustig, Michael Acree, Jean Kristeller, Michael Cohn, Mary Dallman, Patricia J Moran, Peter Bacchetti, Barbara Laraia, Frederick M Hecht, Jennifer Daubenmier
Many individuals with obesity report over eating despite intentions to maintain or lose weight. Two barriers to long-term weight loss are reward-driven eating, which is characterized by a lack of control over eating, a preoccupation with food, and a lack of satiety; and psychological stress. Mindfulness training may address these barriers by promoting awareness of hunger and satiety cues, self-regulatory control, and stress reduction. We examined these two barriers as potential mediators of weight loss in the Supporting Health by Integrating Nutrition and Exercise (SHINE) randomized controlled trial, which compared the effects of a 5...
May 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26692259/does-an-online-psychological-intervention-improve-self-efficacy-and-disability-in-people-also-receiving-multimodal-manual-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-compared-to-multimodal-manual-therapy-alone-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
M John Petrozzi, Andrew Leaver, Mairwen K Jones, Paulo H Ferreira, Sidney M Rubinstein, Martin G Mackey
BACKGROUND: Various interventions are available for the treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP), including Manual Therapy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the addition of an internet-based CBT program leads to better outcomes in patients who are treated with multimodal manual therapy for chronic LBP. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial comparing a combined intervention, consisting of internet-based CBT utilising MoodGYM plus multimodal manual therapy, to multimodal manual therapy alone for patients with chronic LBP...
2015: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26577267/immunoendocrine-alterations-following-marine-corps-martial-arts-training-are-associated-with-changes-in-moral-cognitive-processes
#16
Jacob A Siedlik, Jake A Deckert, Aaron W Clopton, Nicole Gigliotti, Marcia A Chan, Stephen H Benedict, Trent J Herda, Philip M Gallagher, John P Vardiman
Combined physical and psychological stress events have been associated with exacerbated endocrine responses and increased alterations in immune cell trafficking when compared to exercise stress alone. Military training programs are rigorous in nature and often purposefully delivered in environments combining high levels of both physical and mental stress. The objective of this study was to assess physiological and cognitive changes following U.S. Marine Corps Martial Arts training. Seven active-duty, male Marines were observed during a typical Marine Corps Martial Arts training session...
February 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26462339/-effectiveness-of-one-stage-repair-and-reconstruction-of-traumatic-dislocation-of-knee-joint-combined-with-multiple-ligament-injuries
#17
Wu Jiang, Jianhua Yao, Dejia Kong, Wei Sun, Yan Huang, Huayong Zheng, Chen Liu, Xianguo Bao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of one-stage repair and reconstruction of multiple ligament injuries of the knee under arthroscopy. METHODS: Between March 2007 and March 2009, 25 patients (25 knees) with multiple ligament injuries of the knee underwent one-stage repair and reconstruction under arthroscopy. Of 25 cases, 16 were male and 9 were female with an average age of 29.6 years (range, 18-43 years). The causes of injury were traffic accident injury in 20 cases, falling injury from height in 3 cases, and sport injury in 2 cases...
July 2014: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26453120/a-lifestyle-intervention-for-primary-care-patients-with-depression-and-anxiety-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Adrienne Forsyth, Frank P Deane, Peter Williams
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a diet and exercise lifestyle intervention on mental health outcomes for patients currently being treated for depression and/or anxiety in primary care. Patients (n=119) referred by general practitioners to the 12-week randomised controlled trial were assigned to either an intervention of six visits to a dual qualified dietitian/exercise physiologist (DEP) where motivational interviewing and activity scheduling were used to engage patients in individually-tailored lifestyle change (focussed on diet and physical activity), or an attention control with scheduled telephone contact...
December 15, 2015: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26450555/teachers-emotion-regulation-skills-facilitate-implementation-of-health-related-intentions
#19
Marcus Eckert, David D Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Bernhard Sieland, Hooria Jazaieri, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVES: Many teachers report high levels of job-related stress. Successful outcomes in stress-management trainings depend on participants actively engaging in skill-building exercises. However, despite good intentions to engage in such exercises on a regular basis, many participants ultimately fail to do so. The present study seeks to understand whether general emotion regulation (ER) skills moderate the relation between the intention to engage in skill-building exercises and actually engaging in these exercises...
November 2015: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399971/easy-come-easy-go-retention-of-blood-donors
#20
REVIEW
A van Dongen
Retention of blood donors has benefits over recruitment of new blood donors. Retention is defined as preventing donors from lapsing and eventually becoming inactive. This review paper discusses literature on the importance of efforts to retain donors, specifically new donors, since lapsing is most common before the fifth donation. Studies have found that intention to donate, attitudes towards blood donation and self-efficacy (does one feel capable of donating blood) are predictors of blood donation. Feelings of 'warm glow' predict donation behaviour better than altruism...
August 2015: Transfusion Medicine
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