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stress level and exercise intentions

Fabiana Terra Cunha Belache, Cíntia Pereira de Souza, Jessica Fernandez, Julia Castro, Paula Dos Santos Ferreira, Elizana Rodrigues de Sousa Rosa, Nathalia Cristina Gimenez de Araújo, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Renato Santos de Almeida, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Luís Cláudio Lemos Correia, Ney Meziat-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a public health problem, and there is strong evidence that it is associated with a complex interaction of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy is an intervention that deals with potentially modifiable multidimensional aspects of pain (eg, provocative cognitive, movement and lifestyle behaviours). There is evidence (from a single randomised, controlled trial) that cognitive functional therapy is better than combined manual therapy and motor control exercise...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
Hanna Malmberg Gavelin, Therese Eskilsson, Carl-Johan Boraxbekk, Maria Josefsson, Anna Stigsdotter Neely, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm
Stress-related exhaustion has been associated with selective and enduring cognitive impairments. However, little is known about how to address cognitive deficits in stress rehabilitation and how this influences stress recovery over time. The aim of this open-label, parallel randomized controlled trial ( NCT03073772) was to investigate the long-term effects of 12 weeks cognitive or aerobic training on cognitive function, psychological health, and work ability for patients diagnosed with exhaustion disorder (ED)...
April 25, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Sarah Rubia Robbins, Luciano Ricardo S Melo, Hema Urban, Leticia A Deveza, Rebecca Asher, Victoria L Johnson, David J Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines recommend tailored interventions to optimise knee osteoarthritis (OA) management. However, models of care still have a 'one size fits all' approach, which is suboptimal as it ignores patient heterogeneity. This study aims to compare a stepped care strategy with standard care for overweight and obese persons with medial tibiofemoral OA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants will be randomised into two groups (85 each). The intervention will receive a diet and exercise programme for 18 weeks in the first step of the study...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
Caroline Himbert, Henry Thompson, Cornelia M Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Altered levels of markers of oxidative stress, DNA repair, and telomere integrity have been detected in obese individuals and may underlie the pathogenesis of obesity-related diseases. However, whether or not such effects are reversed by intentional weight loss has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: A literature search in PubMed/Medline identified 2,388 articles of which 21 studies (randomized controlled trial (RCT) (n = 10) and non-randomized intervention studies (n = 11)) were classified as testing the effects of intentional weight loss on i) oxidative stress (n = 15), ii) DNA repair (n = 2), and iii) telomere length (n = 4)...
2017: Obesity Facts
Hayden Riley, Samuel Headley, Christa Winter, Sara Mazur, Diann E Gaalema, Sarah Goff, Peter K Lindenauer, Quinn R Pack
PURPOSE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) attendance has been associated with higher smoking cessation (SC) rates. However, for unclear reasons, smokers are consistently less likely to enroll in CR than nonsmokers, and it is uncertain what might encourage them to attend. METHODS: We surveyed patients eligible for CR who were cigarette smokers at the time of hospital admission. We assessed patient intention to quit smoking, start exercising, and enroll in CR. We also measured anxiety and depression levels...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Vincent Millischer, Sophie Erhardt, Örjan Ekblom, Yvonne Forsell, Catharina Lavebratt
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has well-characterized positive effects on depressive symptoms. The underlying biologic mechanisms are, however, far from established. A recently discovered mechanism has linked the enhanced conversion of kynurenine to kynurenic acid (KYNA) to an increased resilience toward stress-induced depression in mice. The aim of this study was to translate these findings to humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Kynurenine and KYNA levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography in plasma samples from 117 patients affected by mild-to-moderate depression before and within a week after a 12-week training period at three different intensities...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Marita Stier-Jarmer, Dieter Frisch, Cornelia Oberhauser, Götz Berberich, Angela Schuh
BACKGROUND: Chronic psychological distress appears to have increased in recent years, mainly among the working population. The data available indicate that mental and behavioral disorders, including burnout syndrome, represent not only a personal problem for those afflicted, but also a serious public health issue. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of an outpatient burnout prevention program in a mono-center health resort setting. METHODS: Adults experiencing an above-average level of stress and thus being at an increased risk of burnout were randomized either to the intervention group (IG) or the waiting control group (WG)...
November 18, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Jacob A Siedlik, Jake A Deckert, Aaron W Clopton, Nicole Gigliotti, Marcia A Chan, Stephen H Benedict, Trent J Herda, Philip M Gallagher, John P Vardiman
Combined physical and psychological stress events have been associated with exacerbated endocrine responses and increased alterations in immune cell trafficking when compared to exercise stress alone. Military training programs are rigorous in nature and often purposefully delivered in environments combining high levels of both physical and mental stress. The objective of this study was to assess physiological and cognitive changes following U.S. Marine Corps Martial Arts training. Seven active-duty, male Marines were observed during a typical Marine Corps Martial Arts training session...
February 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Marcus Eckert, David D Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Bernhard Sieland, Hooria Jazaieri, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVES: Many teachers report high levels of job-related stress. Successful outcomes in stress-management trainings depend on participants actively engaging in skill-building exercises. However, despite good intentions to engage in such exercises on a regular basis, many participants ultimately fail to do so. The present study seeks to understand whether general emotion regulation (ER) skills moderate the relation between the intention to engage in skill-building exercises and actually engaging in these exercises...
November 2015: American Journal of Health Behavior
Bala Murali Sundram, Maznah Dahlui, Karuthan Chinna
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of individual-focused stress management training namely Deep Breathing Exercise (DBE) on self-perceived occupational stress among male automotive assembly-line workers. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted at 2 automotive assembly plants in Malaysia over 9 months, from January 2012 to September 2012. Assembly-line workers from Plant A received DBE training while Plant B acted as a control by receiving pamphlets on stress and its ill-effects...
March 2014: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Chuan Liu, Lie Wang, Qun Zhao
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry has been considered as one of the most stressful medical specialities, and psychiatrists are likely to experience impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, few studies are available in regard to related factors of HRQOL among psychiatrists in China. This study aims to evaluate the condition of HRQOL of psychiatrists and explore its predictive factors, especially the effects of occupational stress and psychological capital. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter survey was conducted among psychiatrists from different regions of Liaoning province, China, during August 2013-April 2014...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
David J Stevens, Joanne Arciuli, David I Anderson
The effect of concurrent movement on incidental versus intentional statistical learning was examined in two experiments. In Experiment 1, participants learned the statistical regularities embedded within familiarization stimuli implicitly, whereas in Experiment 2 they were made aware of the embedded regularities and were instructed explicitly to learn these regularities. Experiment 1 demonstrated that while the control group were able to learn the statistical regularities, the resistance-free cycling group and the exercise group did not demonstrate learning...
July 2015: Cognitive Science
David McMinn, Julia L Allan
BACKGROUND: The cognitive processes responsible for effortful behavioural regulation are known as the executive functions, and are implicated in several factors associated with behaviour control, including focussing on tasks, resisting temptations, planning future actions, and inhibiting prepotent responses. Similar to muscles, the executive functions become fatigued following intensive use (e.g. stressful situations, when tired or busy, and when regulating behaviour such as quitting smoking)...
September 26, 2014: BMC Public Health
Olga van der Baan-Slootweg, Marc A Benninga, Anita Beelen, Job van der Palen, Christine Tamminga-Smeulders, Jan G P Tijssen, Wim M C van Aalderen
IMPORTANCE: Severe childhood obesity has become a major health problem, and effective, evidence-based interventions are needed. The relative effectiveness of inpatient compared with ambulatory treatment remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an inpatient treatment program is more effective than an ambulatory treatment program at achieving a sustained weight loss in children and adolescents with severe obesity. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with a 2-year follow-up at a tertiary referral center for pediatric obesity in the Netherlands...
September 2014: JAMA Pediatrics
Yee Chen Lim, Piyanee Yobas, Hui-Chen Chen
Following total knee replacement (TKR) surgery, patients frequently experience intense levels of pain, stress, and anxiety that may reduce their self-efficacy and thus affect their postoperative recovery. Relaxation intervention is beneficial to help patients manage physical pain and emotional tension. However, evidence for the efficacy of relaxation intervention on patients following TKR is still inconclusive. This study aimed to investigate whether a relaxation intervention helped to reduce pain, stress, and anxiety, and whether it helped to increase perceived relaxation and self-efficacy in patients following TKR...
December 2014: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Adriano Rodrigues de Oliveira, Adriane Aver Vanin, Thiago De Marchi, Fernanda Colella Antonialli, Vanessa dos Santos Grandinetti, Paulo Roberto Vicente de Paiva, Gianna Móes Albuquerque Pontes, Larissa Aline Santos, Ivo de Oliveira Aleixo Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
BACKGROUND: Recent studies involving phototherapy applied prior to exercise have demonstrated positive results regarding the attenuation of muscle fatigue and the expression of biochemical markers associated with recovery. However, a number of factors remain unknown, such as the ideal dose and application parameters, mechanisms of action and long-term effects on muscle recovery. The aims of the proposed project are to evaluate the long-term effects of low-level laser therapy on post-exercise musculoskeletal recovery and identify the best dose andapplication power/irradiation time...
February 27, 2014: Trials
Robert P Nolan, Ada Ym Payne, Heather Ross, Michel White, Bianca D'Antono, Sammy Chan, Susan I Barr, Femida Gwadry-Sridhar, Anil Nigam, Sylvie Perreault, Michael Farkouh, Michael McDonald, Jack Goodman, Scott Thomas, Shelley Zieroth, Debra Isaac, Paul Oh, Miroslaw Rajda, Maggie Chen, Gunther Eysenbach, Sam Liu, Ahmad Zbib
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a public health priority. Its age-standardized prevalence has increased over the past decade. A major challenge for the management of CHF is to promote long-term adherence to self-care behaviors without overtaxing available health care resources. Counseling by multidisciplinary health care teams helps to improve adherence to self-care behaviors and to reduce the rate of death and hospitalization. In the absence of intervention, adherence to self-care is below recommended standards...
January 30, 2014: JMIR Research Protocols
K K Wardwell, B C Focht, A Courtney Devries, A A O'connell, J Buckworth
AIM: The primary purpose was to examine affective responses and future intentions in response to self-selected and imposed-intensity walking in inactive women with high levels of stress. The secondary purpose was to examine potential psychobiological variables (cortisol responses and self-efficacy) associated with changes in affective states. METHODS: Nineteen participants (age=23.58 ± 5.30 yr) completed three trials of treadmill walking at self-selected intensity, 10% above and 10% below relative self-selected intensity...
December 2013: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Suzanne Broadbent, Rosanne Coutts
BACKGROUND: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is a debilitating disorder with an unknown aetiology but suspected multifactorial origins. Common "triggers" include severe viral infections and emotional stress. Recent studies have also found evidence of immune dysfunction and elevated inflammatory cytokines in CFS patients, but there has been considerable variation in the outcome measures and magnitude of these studies. Currently, there is no cure for CFS but treatments include rest, specialist medical care, cognitive behavioural therapy, and graded (self-paced) exercise...
August 30, 2013: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
P E Wändell, J Ärnlöv, A Nixon Andreasson, K Andersson, L Törnkvist, A C Carlsson
AIM: Tactile massage (TM) is a gentle and superficial form of massage. A pilot study of patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care reported a reduction of 0.8% in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), whereas a randomized study comparing the effects of 10 weeks of TM once per week with relaxation exercises performed once per week as per instructions on a CD found no effects of TM on HbA(1c) in an intention-to-treat analysis. However, a significant reduction in waist circumference (WC) was found between the groups...
October 2013: Diabetes & Metabolism
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