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stress level and exercise intentions

Marita Stier-Jarmer, Dieter Frisch, Cornelia Oberhauser, Götz Berberich, Angela Schuh
BACKGROUND: Chronic psychological distress appears to have increased in recent years, mainly among the working population. The data available indicate that mental and behavioral disorders, including burnout syndrome, represent not only a personal problem for those afflicted, but also a serious public health issue. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of an outpatient burnout prevention program in a mono-center health resort setting. METHODS: Adults experiencing an above-average level of stress and thus being at an increased risk of burnout were randomized either to the intervention group (IG) or the waiting control group (WG)...
November 18, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Jacob A Siedlik, Jake A Deckert, Aaron W Clopton, Nicole Gigliotti, Marcia A Chan, Stephen H Benedict, Trent J Herda, Philip M Gallagher, John P Vardiman
Combined physical and psychological stress events have been associated with exacerbated endocrine responses and increased alterations in immune cell trafficking when compared to exercise stress alone. Military training programs are rigorous in nature and often purposefully delivered in environments combining high levels of both physical and mental stress. The objective of this study was to assess physiological and cognitive changes following U.S. Marine Corps Martial Arts training. Seven active-duty, male Marines were observed during a typical Marine Corps Martial Arts training session...
February 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Marcus Eckert, David D Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Bernhard Sieland, Hooria Jazaieri, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVES: Many teachers report high levels of job-related stress. Successful outcomes in stress-management trainings depend on participants actively engaging in skill-building exercises. However, despite good intentions to engage in such exercises on a regular basis, many participants ultimately fail to do so. The present study seeks to understand whether general emotion regulation (ER) skills moderate the relation between the intention to engage in skill-building exercises and actually engaging in these exercises...
November 2015: American Journal of Health Behavior
Bala Murali Sundram, Maznah Dahlui, Karuthan Chinna
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of individual-focused stress management training namely Deep Breathing Exercise (DBE) on self-perceived occupational stress among male automotive assembly-line workers. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted at 2 automotive assembly plants in Malaysia over 9 months, from January 2012 to September 2012. Assembly-line workers from Plant A received DBE training while Plant B acted as a control by receiving pamphlets on stress and its ill-effects...
March 2014: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Chuan Liu, Lie Wang, Qun Zhao
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry has been considered as one of the most stressful medical specialities, and psychiatrists are likely to experience impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, few studies are available in regard to related factors of HRQOL among psychiatrists in China. This study aims to evaluate the condition of HRQOL of psychiatrists and explore its predictive factors, especially the effects of occupational stress and psychological capital. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter survey was conducted among psychiatrists from different regions of Liaoning province, China, during August 2013-April 2014...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
David J Stevens, Joanne Arciuli, David I Anderson
The effect of concurrent movement on incidental versus intentional statistical learning was examined in two experiments. In Experiment 1, participants learned the statistical regularities embedded within familiarization stimuli implicitly, whereas in Experiment 2 they were made aware of the embedded regularities and were instructed explicitly to learn these regularities. Experiment 1 demonstrated that while the control group were able to learn the statistical regularities, the resistance-free cycling group and the exercise group did not demonstrate learning...
July 2015: Cognitive Science
David McMinn, Julia L Allan
BACKGROUND: The cognitive processes responsible for effortful behavioural regulation are known as the executive functions, and are implicated in several factors associated with behaviour control, including focussing on tasks, resisting temptations, planning future actions, and inhibiting prepotent responses. Similar to muscles, the executive functions become fatigued following intensive use (e.g. stressful situations, when tired or busy, and when regulating behaviour such as quitting smoking)...
September 26, 2014: BMC Public Health
Olga van der Baan-Slootweg, Marc A Benninga, Anita Beelen, Job van der Palen, Christine Tamminga-Smeulders, Jan G P Tijssen, Wim M C van Aalderen
IMPORTANCE: Severe childhood obesity has become a major health problem, and effective, evidence-based interventions are needed. The relative effectiveness of inpatient compared with ambulatory treatment remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an inpatient treatment program is more effective than an ambulatory treatment program at achieving a sustained weight loss in children and adolescents with severe obesity. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with a 2-year follow-up at a tertiary referral center for pediatric obesity in the Netherlands...
September 2014: JAMA Pediatrics
Yee Chen Lim, Piyanee Yobas, Hui-Chen Chen
Following total knee replacement (TKR) surgery, patients frequently experience intense levels of pain, stress, and anxiety that may reduce their self-efficacy and thus affect their postoperative recovery. Relaxation intervention is beneficial to help patients manage physical pain and emotional tension. However, evidence for the efficacy of relaxation intervention on patients following TKR is still inconclusive. This study aimed to investigate whether a relaxation intervention helped to reduce pain, stress, and anxiety, and whether it helped to increase perceived relaxation and self-efficacy in patients following TKR...
December 2014: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Adriano Rodrigues de Oliveira, Adriane Aver Vanin, Thiago De Marchi, Fernanda Colella Antonialli, Vanessa dos Santos Grandinetti, Paulo Roberto Vicente de Paiva, Gianna Móes Albuquerque Pontes, Larissa Aline Santos, Ivo de Oliveira Aleixo Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
BACKGROUND: Recent studies involving phototherapy applied prior to exercise have demonstrated positive results regarding the attenuation of muscle fatigue and the expression of biochemical markers associated with recovery. However, a number of factors remain unknown, such as the ideal dose and application parameters, mechanisms of action and long-term effects on muscle recovery. The aims of the proposed project are to evaluate the long-term effects of low-level laser therapy on post-exercise musculoskeletal recovery and identify the best dose andapplication power/irradiation time...
February 27, 2014: Trials
Robert P Nolan, Ada Ym Payne, Heather Ross, Michel White, Bianca D'Antono, Sammy Chan, Susan I Barr, Femida Gwadry-Sridhar, Anil Nigam, Sylvie Perreault, Michael Farkouh, Michael McDonald, Jack Goodman, Scott Thomas, Shelley Zieroth, Debra Isaac, Paul Oh, Miroslaw Rajda, Maggie Chen, Gunther Eysenbach, Sam Liu, Ahmad Zbib
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a public health priority. Its age-standardized prevalence has increased over the past decade. A major challenge for the management of CHF is to promote long-term adherence to self-care behaviors without overtaxing available health care resources. Counseling by multidisciplinary health care teams helps to improve adherence to self-care behaviors and to reduce the rate of death and hospitalization. In the absence of intervention, adherence to self-care is below recommended standards...
January 30, 2014: JMIR Research Protocols
K K Wardwell, B C Focht, A Courtney Devries, A A O'connell, J Buckworth
AIM: The primary purpose was to examine affective responses and future intentions in response to self-selected and imposed-intensity walking in inactive women with high levels of stress. The secondary purpose was to examine potential psychobiological variables (cortisol responses and self-efficacy) associated with changes in affective states. METHODS: Nineteen participants (age=23.58 ± 5.30 yr) completed three trials of treadmill walking at self-selected intensity, 10% above and 10% below relative self-selected intensity...
December 2013: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Suzanne Broadbent, Rosanne Coutts
BACKGROUND: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is a debilitating disorder with an unknown aetiology but suspected multifactorial origins. Common "triggers" include severe viral infections and emotional stress. Recent studies have also found evidence of immune dysfunction and elevated inflammatory cytokines in CFS patients, but there has been considerable variation in the outcome measures and magnitude of these studies. Currently, there is no cure for CFS but treatments include rest, specialist medical care, cognitive behavioural therapy, and graded (self-paced) exercise...
2013: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
P E Wändell, J Ärnlöv, A Nixon Andreasson, K Andersson, L Törnkvist, A C Carlsson
AIM: Tactile massage (TM) is a gentle and superficial form of massage. A pilot study of patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care reported a reduction of 0.8% in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), whereas a randomized study comparing the effects of 10 weeks of TM once per week with relaxation exercises performed once per week as per instructions on a CD found no effects of TM on HbA(1c) in an intention-to-treat analysis. However, a significant reduction in waist circumference (WC) was found between the groups...
October 2013: Diabetes & Metabolism
Loulou Kobeissi, Ziyad Mahfoud, Brigitte Khoury, Fayssal El Kak, Zeina Ghantous, Marwan Khawaja, Rima Nakkash, Sami Ramia, Huda Zurayk, Ricardo Araya, Tim J Peters
BACKGROUND: Symptoms such as medically unexplained vaginal discharge (MUVD) are common and bothersome, leading to potentially unnecessary use of resources. METHODS: A community-based individually randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of a relatively simple, culturally appropriate multi-component intervention on reducing reported MUVD, among women suffering from low-moderate levels of common mental distress. The setting was a socio-economically deprived, informal settlement in the southern suburbs of Beirut, Lebanon...
2012: BMC Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis was to assess the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of gastric electrical stimulation (GES) for the treatment of chronic, symptomatic refractory gastroparesis and morbid obesity. BACKGROUND: GASTROPARESIS - EPIDEMIOLOGY: Gastroparesis (GP) broadly refers to impaired gastric emptying in the absence of obstruction. Clinically, this can range from the incidental detection of delayed gastric emptying in an asymptomatic person to patients with severe nausea, vomiting and malnutrition...
2006: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Yu-Qin Gao, Bo-Chen Pan, Wei Sun, Hui Wu, Jia-Na Wang, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Nurses are an indispensable component of the work force in the health care system. However, many of them are known to work in a stressful environment which may affect their mental well-being; the situation could be worse in rapidly transforming societies such as China. The purpose of this study was to investigate anxiety symptoms and the associated factors in Chinese nurses working in public city hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed for Chinese nurses in public city hospitals of Liaoning Province, northeast China...
2012: BMC Psychiatry
Per E Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Catharina Gåfvels, Katarina Andersson, Lena Törnkvist
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the effect of tactile massage versus relaxation exercises on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with type 2 diabetes, at primary-health-care centres in Stockholm county. DESIGN: The study was carried out as a parallel-arm clinical trial. Patients with type 2 diabetes and HbA1c of 6-8%, aged 35-75, with oral anti-diabetic treatment were included. In all, 26 and 27 attendants in the TM and relaxation group, respectively, entered the study and were included in the intention-to-treat analysis...
February 2012: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
James R Hébert, Thomas G Hurley, Brook E Harmon, Sue Heiney, Christine J Hebert, Susan E Steck
BACKGROUND: Nearly 35% of men treated for prostate cancer (PrCA) will experience biochemically defined recurrence, noted by a rise in PSA, within 10 years of definitive therapy. Diet, physical activity, and stress reduction may affect tumor promotion and disease progression. METHODS: A randomized trial of an intensive diet, physical activity, and meditation intervention was conducted in men with rising post-treatment PSA after definitive treatment for PrCA. Intention-to-treat methods were used to compare usual care to the intervention in 47 men with complete data...
April 2012: Cancer Epidemiology
Eng-Tat Ang, Yee-Kit Tai, Shun-Qiang Lo, Raymond Seet, Tuck-Wah Soong
Currently, there is still no effective therapy for neurodegenerative diseases (NDD) such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) despite intensive research and on-going clinical trials. Collectively, these diseases account for the bulk of health care burden associated with age-related neurodegenerative disorders. There is therefore an urgent need to further research into the molecular pathogenesis, histological differentiation, and clinical management of NDD. Importantly, there is also an urgency to understand the similarities and differences between these two diseases so as to identify the common or different upstream and downstream signaling pathways...
2010: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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