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Helen P Jarvie, Stephen M King, Colin Neal
River water-quality studies rarely measure dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) routinely, and there is a gap in our knowledge of the contributions of DIC to aquatic carbon fluxes and cycling processes. Here, we present the THINCARB model (THermodynamic modelling of INorganic CARBon), which uses widely-measured determinands (pH, alkalinity and temperature) to calculate DIC concentrations, speciation (bicarbonate, HCO3(-); carbonate, CO3(2-); and dissolved carbon dioxide, H2CO3(⁎)) and excess partial pressures of carbon dioxide (EpCO2) in freshwaters...
October 18, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Gurmail Singh Paddan
INTRODUCTION: Measurements were made of the sound pressure levels on a military ship HMS Grimsby during firing of a Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) mounted on the starboard bridge wing. The measurement positions comprised three locations on the ship's bridge (the wheelhouse) and one location on the starboard bridge wing. Equipment and Procedure: The three locations on the bridge were the starboard door, centre and port door. A total of 255 burst firings were measured during the survey comprising 850 rounds with each burst encompassing from 1 to 10 rounds...
September 2016: Noise & Health
Antonella Caivano, Francesco La Rocca, Vittorio Simeon, Marco Girasole, Simone Dinarelli, Ilaria Laurenzana, Angelo De Stradis, Luciana De Luca, Stefania Trino, Antonio Traficante, Giovanni D'Arena, Giovanna Mansueto, Oreste Villani, Giuseppe Pietrantuono, Luca Laurenti, Luigi Del Vecchio, Pellegrino Musto
PURPOSE: The use of extracellular vesicles (EVs) from body fluids as "liquid biopsies" is emerging as a promising approach for the diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic monitoring of cancer patients. MicroRNA-155 (miR155), a non-coding transcript of the B-cell integration cluster (BIC) gene, has been reported to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of several types of hematologic malignancies (HMs) in which high miR155 levels have been found. At yet, however, the EV miR155 level and its putative clinical relevance in sera of HM patients have not been reported...
October 19, 2016: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
George Gilly, Jay Trusheim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Ramona Nicolau-Raducu, Elise Occhipinti, Thomas Marshall, Joseph Koveleskie, Donald Ganier, Brian Evans, William Daly, Brian Fish, Ari J Cohen, Trevor W Reichman, David Bruce, Humberto Bohorquez, John Seal, Emily Ahmed, Ian Carmody, George Loss, Jonathan Rayburn, Bobby Nossaman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the agreement between two heparin assays, Hepcon HMS plus/Kaolin-ACT and Anti-Xa, and their predictive power in detecting circulating heparin levels post-reperfusion of the liver graft when compared with thromboelastogram (TEG) r time ratio in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study design. SETTING: Single center, university hospital...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Xihui Xu, Zhou Zhang, Shunli Hu, Zhepu Ruan, Jiandong Jiang, Chen Chen, Zhenguo Shen
Soil provides a critical environment for microbial community development. However, microorganisms may be sensitive to substances such as heavy metals (HMs), which are common soil contaminants. This study investigated bacterial communities using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene fragment sequencing in geographic regions with and without HM pollution to elucidate the effects of soil properties and HMs on bacterial communities. No obvious changes in the richness or diversity of bacterial communities were observed between samples from mining and control areas...
October 15, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Papiya Mandal, R Sarkar, A Mandal, P Patel, N Kamal
This study assessed the concentrations of airborne heavy metals (HMs) in particulate matter with a cutoff size of 10 µm (i.e., PM10) in an industrialized urban area (Naraina Industrial Area) of New Delhi, India. The samples were collected from January to December, 2011. The annual mean concentrations of selected HMs were as follows As (0.002 ± 0.002), Cd (0.030 ± 0.020), Co (0.003 ± 0.002), Cr (0.170 ± 0.081), Cu (0.183 ± 0.120), Fe (4.774 ± 1.889), Mn (0.258 ± 0.145), Ni (0...
October 14, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Jose Mauro Madi, Antonio Rodrigues Braga, Machline Paim Paganella, Isnard Elman Litvin, Eliana Márcia Da Ros Wendland
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing hydatidiform moles (HMs) from non-molar specimens and the subclassification of HM are important because complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) is associated with an increased risk of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia. However, diagnosis based solely on morphology has poor interobserver reproducibility. Recent studies have demonstrated that the use of p57(KIP2) immunostaining improves diagnostic accuracy for CHM. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic review of prospective and retrospective studies to evaluate the accuracy of p57(KIP2) immunostaining compared with molecular genotyping for the diagnosis of CHM...
October 4, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Abby P Douglas, Monica A Slavin
Due to increasing intensity and complexity of therapies and longer survivorship, many patients with haematologic malignancy (HM) are at risk of invasive fungal disease (IFD). Mortality from IFD is high and treatment of an episode of IFD results in an excess length of hospital stay and costs and delays delivery of curative therapy of the underlying haematologic condition. Therefore, prevention and early recognition and treatment of IFD are crucial. Areas covered: Risk factors particular to certain HMs and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, as well as those risk factors universal to all HM groups are examined...
October 6, 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Keyvan Amjadian, Elisa Sacchi, Meisam Rastegari Mehr
Urban soil contamination is a growing concern for the potential health impact on the increasing number of people living in these areas. In this study, the concentration, the distribution, the contamination levels, and the role of land use were investigated in Erbil metropolis, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan. A total of 74 soil samples were collected, treated, and analyzed for their physicochemical properties, and for 7 heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, and Zn) and 16 PAH contents. High concentrations, especially of Cd, Cu Pb, and Zn, were found...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Fei Wang, Zi-Yue Xiong, Ping Li, Hua Yang, Wen Gao, Hui-Jun Li
Chromatographic fingerprint has been extensively used as a comprehensive approach for quality evaluation of herbal medicines (HMs). However, similar chemical profiles do not always mean similar efficacies. The present work, taking Sophora flower-bud and Sophora flower as a typical case, attempts to develop a rational strategy based on fingerprint-activity relationship modeling to realize quality evaluation from chemical consistency to effective consistency. A total of 57 batches of Sophora samples were collected and their antioxidant and hyaluronidase inhibitory activities were measured...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Kang Tian, Wenyou Hu, Zhe Xing, Biao Huang, Mengmeng Jia, Mengxue Wan
The evaluation of heavy metals (HMs) in greenhouse soils is crucial for both environmental monitoring and human health; thus, it is imperative to determine their concentrations, identify their sources and assess their potential risks. In this study, eight metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in 167 surface soils were investigated in two representative greenhouse vegetable systems of China: perennial solar greenhouse (SG) and seasonal plastic greenhouse (PG). The results indicated accumulations of Cd, Cu, Hg and Zn in the SG soils and Cd, Pb, Hg and Zn in the PG soils, with higher concentrations than the background values...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Xingdong Wang, Chunxing Li, Bin Zhang, Jingjiang Lin, Qiaoqiao Chi, Yin Wang
In this study, the immobilization and risk assessment of heavy metals (HMs) in sewage sludge (SS) during hydrothermal treatment combined with pyrolysis (HTP) was investigated. The experimental results showed that the immobilization of HMs in SS was significantly affected and that the eco-toxicity/risk of SS to the environment was reduced through HTP, in addition to the enhancement of dehydration and a reduction in the volume of the sewage sludge. After the HTP process, although the majority of HMs were accumulated in the biochar, the HMs could be transformed from bioavailable fractions to more stable fractions, such as the acid soluble/exchangeable fractions (F1) of Zn, Ni and Cd in the biochar, which decreased to less than 6...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
Joel I Cohen
INTRODUCTION: In 1836, Charles Darwin returned to England with finches classified and seemingly showing little resemblance. However, subsequent examination by John Gould revealed 13 closely related species endemic to the Galápagos Islands. Despite initial confusion, and Darwin's overlooking to label these birds by island, some 100 years later they had become evolution's icon. The same could be said of Darwin's education and scientific pursuits, beginning in a rough, trial and error manner, lacking direction, but eventually benefitting from an unexpected opportunity that would lead to his theory of natural selection...
2016: SpringerPlus
Kathleen M Job, Tony K L Kiang, Jonathan E Constance, Catherine M T Sherwin, Elena Yu Enioutina
Similar to other nations North American people used herbs for thousands of years to treat diseases and purify their spirits. By the middle of the 1900s, evidence-based conventional medicine received wide acceptance in Canada and the United States (US). Nowadays, people are going back to their roots and actively using herbal medicines (HMs) and natural health products (NHPs). Areas covered: This article is focusing on use and regulation of the HMs and NHPs in Canada and the US, raises concerns regarding HM and NHP safety and efficacy, offers suggestions on how to overcome these problems...
October 3, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Kelly Ural, Christopher Owen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Xinhong Qi, Wenji Zheng, Xiangcun Li, Gaohong He
Multishelled NiO hollow microspheres for high-performance supercapacitors have been prepared and the formation mechanism has been investigated. By using resin microspheres to absorb Ni(2+) and subsequent proper calcinations, the shell numbers, shell spacing and exterior shell structure were facilely controlled via varying synthetic parameters. Particularly, the exterior shell structure that accurately associated with the ion transfer is finely controlled by forming a single shell or closed exterior double-shells...
2016: Scientific Reports
Amanullah Mahar, Ping Wang, Amjad Ali, Zhanyu Guo, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, Altaf Hussain Lahori, Quan Wang, Feng Shen, Ronghua Li, Zengqiang Zhang
Soil heavy metals pollution is a serious problem worldwide due to its potential human health risks through food chain. Therefore, a sustainable solution is needed to efficiently remediate HMs contaminated soils. Our study aimed to assess the impact of CaO, fly ash, sulfur, and Na2S on the immobilization of Cd, Cu, and Pb and their uptake by Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa chinensis) in a contaminated soil. The concentration of DTPA-extractable Cd, Cu, and Pb was significantly decreased as compared to control in treated soil...
September 6, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Marieme Seif-Ennasr, Rashyd Zaaboul, Abdelaziz Hirich, Giulio Nils Caroletti, Lhoussaine Bouchaou, Zine El Abidine El Morjani, El Hassane Beraaouz, Rachael A McDonnell, Redouane Choukr-Allah
This study evaluates the effect on the availability of water resources for agriculture of expected future changes in precipitation and temperature distributions in north-western Africa. It also puts forward some locally derived adaptation strategies to climate change that can have a positive impact on water resources in the Chtouka Aït Baha region. Historical baselines of precipitation and temperature were derived using satellite data respectively from CHIRPS and CRU, while future projections of temperature and precipitation were extracted from the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment database (CORDEX)...
September 3, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
ZhiQiang Chen, Lu Zhang, JingTing Yu, LiangKe Chen, Bo Zhou
The potential to promote neovascularization in ischemic tissues using exogenous agents is an attractive avenue for therapeutics. To identify novel pro-angiogenic small-molecule compound, we screened a series of resveratrol methylated derivatives and identified 3,3',4,4', 5,5'-hexamethoxy-trans-stilbene (3,3',4,4',5,5'-HMS) potently promotes proliferation, migration, invasion and tube formation of human umbilical vein VECs (HUVECs) in vitro. Furthermore, 3,3',4,4',5,5'-HMS accelerates neo-vessels sprouting of rat aortic rings ex vivo, and neovascularization of chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and mouse matrigel plugs in vivo...
August 31, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
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