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Solar photovoltaic

Xiaozhou Yu, Ying Qin, Qing Peng
Packaging methylammonium lead iodide perovskite (MAPbI3) based solar cells with a controlled gaseous atmosphere, such as N2 or dry air, is a promising solution for its application as outdoor photovoltaics. However, the effect of N2 and O2 on the decomposition chemistry and kinetics of MAPbI3 is not well understood yet. With in-situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements, we show that the effective activation energy for the degradation of MAPbI3 in N2 is ~ 120 kJ/mol. The decomposition of MAPbI3 is greatly enhanced when MAPbI3 is exposed to O2...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Alessandro Sinopoli, Fiona A Black, Christopher J Wood, Elizabeth A Gibson, Paul I P Elliott
A novel anchoring ligand for dye-sensitised solar cell chromophoric complexes, 1-(2,2'-bipyrid-4-yl)-1,2,3-triazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid (dctzbpy), is described. The new dye complexes [Ru(bpy)2(dctzbpy)][PF6]2 (AS16), [Ir(ppy)2(dctzbpy)][PF6] (AS17) and [Re(dctzbpy)(CO)3Cl] (AS18) were prepared in a two stage procedure with intermediate isolation of their diester analogues, AS16-Et2, AS17-Et2 and AS18-Et2 respectively. Electrochemical analysis of AS16-Et2, AS17-Et2 and AS18-Et2 reveal reduction potentials in the range -1...
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Han Min Woo
Recent development of carbon capture utilization (CCU) for reduction of greenhouse gas emission are reviewed. In the case of CO2 utilization, I describe development of solar-to-chemical and solar-to-fuel technology that refers to the use of solar energy to convert CO2 to desired chemicals and fuels. Photoautotrophic cyanobacterial platforms have been extensively developed on this principle, producing a diverse range of alcohols, organic acids, and isoprenoids directly from CO2. Recent breakthroughs in the metabolic engineering of cyanobacteria were reviewed...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Angel Raúl Arenas-Aquino, Y Matsumoto-Kuwabara, M Kleiche-Dray
Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) is the most populated urban area in the country. In 2010, MCMA required 14.8% of total energy domestic demand, but greenhouse gas emissions accounted for 7.7% of domestic emissions. Mexico has massive renewable energy potential that could be harnessed through solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. The problem to explore is the relationship between local and federal public strategies in MCMA and their stance on energy transition concern, social empowerment, new technology appropriation, and the will to boost social development and urban sustainability...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mingyue Sui, Shuangbao Li, Qingqing Pan, Guangyan Sun, Yun Geng
The upper efficiency of heterojunction organic photovoltaics depends on the increased open-circuit voltage (V oc) and short-circuit current (J sc). So, a higher lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) level is necessary for organic acceptor material to possess higher V oc and more photons absorbsorption in the solar spectrum is needed for larger J sc. In this article, we theoretically designed some small molecule acceptors (2∼5) based on fluorene (F), benzothiadiazole, and cyano group (CN) referring to the reported acceptor material 2-[{7-(9,9-di-n-propyl-9H-fluoren-2-yl)benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazol-4-yl}methylene]malononitrile (1), the crucial parameters affecting photoelectrical properties of compounds 2∼5 were evaluated by the density functional theory (DFT) and time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) methods...
January 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Lingyi Meng, Yu Zhang, ChiYung Yam
Nanometallic structures that support surface plasmons provide new ways to confine light at deep-subwavelength scales. In this paper, the effect of light scattering in nanowire array solar cells is studied by a multiscale approach combining classical electromagnetics (EM) and quantum mechanical (QM) simulations. A photovoltaic device is constructed by integrating a silicon nanowire array with a plasmonic silver nanosphere. The light scatterings by plasmonic element and nanowire array are obtained via classical EM simulations while current-voltage characteristics and optical properties of the nanowire cells are evaluated quantum mechanically...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Shuang Jiao, Jun Du, Zhonglin Du, Donghui Long, Wuyou Jiang, Zhenxiao Pan, Yan Li, Xinhua Zhong
The exploration of catalyst materials for counter electrode (CE) in quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSCs) that have both high electrocatalytic activity and low charge transfer resistance is always significant yet challenging. In this work, we report the incorporation of nitrogen heteroatoms into carbon lattices leading to nitrogen doped mesoporous carbon (N-MC) materials with superior catalytic activity when used as CE in Zn-Cu-In-Se QDSCs. A series of N-MC materials with different nitrogen contents were synthesized by colloidal silica nanocasting method...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Boju Gai, Yukun Sun, Haneol Lim, Huandong Chen, Joseph Faucher, Minjoo L Lee, Jongseung Yoon
Large-scale deployment of GaAs solar cells in terrestrial photovoltaics demands significant cost reduction for preparing device-quality epitaxial materials. Although multilayer epitaxial growth in conjunction with printing-based materials assemblies has been proposed as a promising route to achieve this goal, their practical implementation remains challenging owing to the degradation of materials properties and resulting nonuniform device performance between solar cells grown in different sequences. Here we report an alternative approach to circumvent these limitations and enable multilayer-grown GaAs solar cells with uniform photovoltaic performance...
January 11, 2017: ACS Nano
Shuai Guo, Weijia Wang, Eva M Herzig, Anna Naumann, Gregory Tainter, Jan Perlich, Peter Muller-Buschbaum
The influence of three different solvents and a solvent additive on the morphology and photovoltaic performance of bulk heterojunction films made of the copolymer based on thieno[3,4-b]thiophene-alt-benzodithiophene unit PTB7-F40 blended with [6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) is investigated. Optical microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM) are combined with X-ray reflectivity (XRR) and grazing incidence small and wide angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS and GIWAXS) enabling the characterization of the morphology of the whole photoactive film...
January 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Junzi Liu, Yong Zhang, Peng Bao, Yuanping Yi
Electronic couplings of charge-transfer states with the ground state and localized excited states at the donor/acceptor interface are crucial parameters for controlling the dynamics of exciton dissociation and charge recombination processes in organic solar cells. Here we propose a quasi-adiabatic state approach to evaluate electronic couplings through combining mom-ΔSCF and state diabatization schemes. Compared with TDDFT using global hybrid functional, mom-ΔSCF is superior to estimate the excitation energies of charge-transfer states; moreover it can also provide good excited state wave functions...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Aibin Huang, Lei Lei, Jingting Zhu, Yu Yu, Yan Liu, Songwang Yang, Shanhu Bao, Xun Cao, Ping Jin
The short circuit current density of perovskite solar cell (PSC) was boosted by modulating the dominated plane facets of TiO2 electron transport layer (ETL). Under optimized condition, TiO2 with dominant {001} facets showed (i) low incident light loss, (ii) highly smooth surface and excellent wettability for precursor solution, (iii) efficient electron extraction and (iv) high conductivity in perovskite photovoltaic application. A current density of 24.19 mA•cm-2 was achieved as a value near the maximum limit...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hui Li, Dan He, Qing Zhou, Peng Mao, Jiamin Cao, Liming Ding, Jizheng Wang
Organic solar cells (OSCs) have attracted great attention in the past 30 years, and the power conversion efficiency (PCE) now reaches around 10%, largely owning to the rapid material developments. Meanwhile with the progress in the device performance, more and more interests are turning to understanding the fundamental physics inside the OSCs. In the conventional bulk-heterojunction architecture, only recently it is realized that the blend/cathode Schottky junction serves as the fundamental diode for the photovoltaic function...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Zhenhai Yang, Zebo Fang, Jiang Sheng, Zhaoheng Ling, Zhaolang Liu, Juye Zhu, Pingqi Gao, Jichun Ye
The organic/silicon (Si) hybrid heterojunction solar cells (HHSCs) have attracted considerable attention due to their potential advantages in high efficiency and low cost. However, as a newly arisen photovoltaic device, its current efficiency is still much worse than commercially available Si solar cells. Therefore, a comprehensive and systematical optoelectronic evaluation and loss analysis on this HHSC is therefore highly necessary to fully explore its efficiency potential. Here, a thoroughly optoelectronic simulation is provided on a typical planar polymer poly (3,4-ethylenedioxy thiophene):polystyrenesulfonate (PEDOT:PSS)/Si HHSC...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Ryan W Crisp, Gregory F Pach, J Matthew Kurley, Ryan M France, Matthew O Reese, Sanjini U Nanayakkara, Bradley A MacLeod, Dmitri V Talapin, Matthew C Beard, Joseph M Luther
We developed a monolithic CdTe/PbS tandem solar cell architecture where both the CdTe and PbS absorber layers are solution-processed from nanocrystal inks. Due to their tunable nature, PbS quantum dots (QDs), with a controllable bandgap between 0.4 and ~1.6 eV, are a promising candidate for a bottom absorber layer in tandem photovoltaics. In the detailed balance limit, the ideal configuration of a CdTe (Eg = 1.5 eV)/PbS tandem structure assumes infinite thickness of the absorber layers and requires the PbS bandgap to be 0...
January 10, 2017: Nano Letters
Xiaoming Li, Fei Cao, Dejian Yu, Jun Chen, Zhiguo Sun, Yalong Shen, Ying Zhu, Lin Wang, Yi Wei, Ye Wu, Haibo Zeng
The recent success of organometallic halide perovskites (OHPs) in photovoltaic devices has triggered lots of corresponding research and many perovskite analogues have been developed to look for devices with comparable performance but better stability. Upon the preparation of all inorganic halide perovskite nanocrystals (IHP NCs), research activities have soared due to their better stability, ultrahigh photoluminescence quantum yield (PL QY), and composition dependent luminescence covering the whole visible region with narrow line-width...
January 9, 2017: Small
Kazuma Hara, Chutiparn Lertvachirapaiboon, Ryousuke Ishikawa, Yasuo Ohdaira, Kazunari Shinbo, Keizo Kato, Futao Kaneko, Akira Baba
In this study, we demonstrate improved photovoltaic properties in inverted organic thin-film solar cells by simultaneous excitation of grating-coupled surface plasmons and grating-coupled waveguide modes on gold grating surfaces. The cell consists of a glass-ITO substrate/titanium dioxide/poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl):phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate)/gold structure. The grating structures were fabricated on P3HT:PCBM layers using a nanoimprinting technique with a PDMS stamp...
January 9, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
K O Brinkmann, J Zhao, N Pourdavoud, T Becker, T Hu, S Olthof, K Meerholz, L Hoffmann, T Gahlmann, R Heiderhoff, M F Oszajca, N A Luechinger, D Rogalla, Y Chen, B Cheng, T Riedl
The area of thin-film photovoltaics has been overwhelmed by organometal halide perovskites. Unfortunately, serious stability concerns arise with perovskite solar cells. For example, methyl-ammonium lead iodide is known to decompose in the presence of water and, more severely, even under inert conditions at elevated temperatures. Here, we demonstrate inverted perovskite solar cells, in which the decomposition of the perovskite is significantly mitigated even at elevated temperatures. Specifically, we introduce a bilayered electron-extraction interlayer consisting of aluminium-doped zinc oxide and tin oxide...
January 9, 2017: Nature Communications
Christopher N Savory, Aron Walsh, David O Scanlon
The methylammonium lead halides have become champion photoactive semiconductors for solar cell applications; however, issues still remain with respect to chemical instability and potential toxicity. Recently, the Cs2AgBiX6 (X = Cl, Br) double perovskite family has been synthesized and investigated as stable nontoxic replacements. We probe the chemical bonding, physical properties, and cation anti-site disorder of Cs2AgBiX6 and related compounds from first-principles. We demonstrate that the combination of Ag(I) and Bi(III) leads to the wide indirect band gaps with large carrier effective masses owing to a mismatch in angular momentum of the frontier atomic orbitals...
November 11, 2016: ACS Energy Lett
S Carretero-Palacios, A Jiménez-Solano, H Míguez
In this Perspective we discuss the implications of employing metal particles of different shape, size, and composition as absorption enhancers in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite solar cells, with the aim of establishing some guidelines for the future development of plasmonic resonance-based photovoltaic devices. Hybrid perovskites present an extraordinarily high absorption coefficient which, as we show here, makes it difficult to extrapolate concepts and designs that are applied to other solution-processed photovoltaic materials...
July 8, 2016: ACS Energy Lett
Dennis L Waldron, Amanda Preske, Joseph Zawodny, Todd Krauss, Mool Gupta
The results are presented for luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) fabricated with poly(lauryl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) (P(LMA-co-EGDMA)) and Angstrom Bond, Inc. AB9093 acrylic epoxy matrix, high quantum yield (> 70%) PbSe quantum dots (QDs) and silicon photovoltaic (Si PV) cells. LSCs were tested under a lamp with broadband illumination, photon flux-matched to a standard solar spectrum and verified under a calibrated solar lamp source. The P(LMA-co-EGDMA) sample demonstrated the highest power conversion efficiency of any known LSC fabricated with either QDs or Si PV cells, 4...
January 6, 2017: Nanotechnology
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