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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516849/identification-of-nonfatal-strangulation-by-911-dispatchers-suggestions-for-advances-toward-evidence-based-prosecution
#1
Amy Reckdenwald, Chelsea Nordham, Adam Pritchard, Brielle Francis
Research highlights the need for systematic law enforcement training on nonfatal strangulation in domestic violence situations to improve evidence-based prosecution of these violent felonies. However, most of this research focuses on the role of police officers in the safety response. Although often overlooked, this research examines the role of 911 dispatchers, who are many times the first person the victim calls for assistance. This study examines official domestic violence records, gathered through a partnership with a County Sheriff's agency, to determine whether domestic violence strangulation is being adequately identified and documented by first responders...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515592/inguinoscrotal-hernia-in-infants-three-case-reports-in-ultrasound-diagnosis
#2
Dharmraj Meena, Richa Jhuria, Sangeeta Saxena, Umesh Saini
An inguinal hernia occurs when an intestinal loop or part of the omentum or genital organs passes into the scrotal cavity or labia through an incompletely obliterated processus vaginalis. Inguinal hernias are most common in preterm neonates, especially at 32-weeks gestation. Content of hernia is mostly bowel and ovary/testicles. Presence of uterus in herniated sac is rare, and only few cases are reported in literature. Hernia is more frequently located on the right side because the right processus vaginalis closes later than the left...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487801/nontraumatic-laryngeal-fractures-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Alfredo Santamaría, Ricardo Alarcón, Ilson Sepúlveda, Felipe Fredes
Laryngeal fractures occur mainly in the context of cervical trauma, hanging, or strangulation. Nontraumatic laryngeal fractures are rare and there are few reports in the literature. We present two cases of nontraumatic laryngeal fractures evaluated in our service.
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487304/transfalciform-greater-omental-herniation
#4
Rowan Stephenson, Simon McQueen, John Vedelago, Ky McGrillen
Internal herniae are rare, those involving the falciform ligament even rarer. To the best of our knowledge, there have been approximately 20 cases of herniae involving the falciform ligament previously reported. Of these cases, only one previously reported case involves herniation of the greater omentum through the falciform ligament. We present a second case of an adult man who presented with a 48-hour history of epigastric pain and was found on contrast multidetector CT to have a strangulated transfalciform greater omental hernia...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479107/two-stage-laparoscopic-approach-for-the-treatment-of-strangulated-groin-hernia-with-video
#5
D Gero, A M Azizi, U Kessler, M Worreth, A Saadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468896/emergency-laparotomy-in-infants-born-at-26-weeks-gestation-a-neonatal-network-based-cohort-study-of-frequency-surgical-pathology-and-outcomes
#6
Jonathan Durell, Nigel J Hall, Melanie Drewett, Kujan Paramanantham, David Burge
OBJECTIVE: Identify the proportion of infants born at <26 completed weeks' gestation who require emergency laparotomy, and review the surgical pathology, incidence of subsequent surgical procedures and outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. SETTING: Tertiary neonatal surgical unit. PATIENTS: All infants born at <26 weeks' gestation in a neonatal network over an 8-year period. RESULTS: Of 381 infants, laparotomy was indicated in 61 (16%) and performed in 57...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462164/acute-foreskin-strangulation-injury-due-to-bathing-suit-mesh-entrapment
#7
Arvind Krishnan, Barrett McCormick, Hubert Swana, Mark Rich
Genital injury can occur at any age of life but is most common in the pediatric population. Hair-tourniquets and circumcision procedures are the most common causes of penile injury in children. Foreskin trauma, aside from zipper related injuries, is sparsely reported. We describe the case of an 8-year-old male who presented with foreskin entrapment caused by bathing suit mesh. Management and literature review are discussed.
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461805/repair-of-intrapericardial-diaphragmatic-hernia-during-aortic-surgery-in-a-78-year-old-woman
#8
Konstantinos Spiliotopoulos, Kim I de la Cruz, Georgios Gkotsis, Ourania Preventza, Joseph S Coselli
Intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernias are reported very rarely. Those of congenital origin are most often diagnosed in neonates, and those caused by indirect blunt trauma occur chiefly in adults. The latter type can be asymptomatic; however, the results of a computed tomographic scan can yield a definitive diagnosis. Once discovered, these hernias should be corrected to avoid severe sequelae such as bowel strangulation and necrosis, peritonitis, mediastinitis, and cardiac tamponade. We report the case of a 78-year-old woman who presented for elective ascending aortic aneurysm repair...
April 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458863/traumatic-rupture-of-the-diaphragm-resulting-in-the-sub-acute-presentation-of-an-incarcerated-intra-thoracic-transverse-colon
#9
Stephen Kunz, Su Kah Goh, Wanda Stelmach, Siven Seevanayagam
The traumatic rupture of the diaphragm after blunt or penetrating injuries is a well described but uncommon entity. Its presentation in the form of herniated abdominal contents into the thoracic cavity is generally obscure and the recognition of this condition is often challenging. Although many cases remain asymptomatic, significant morbidity and mortality ensues with patients who present with incarceration, strangulation and eventual visceral compromise. Definitive guidelines in the management of traumatic diaphragmatic injuries are still lacking...
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453379/pseudoamniotic-band-syndrome-post-fetal-thoracoamniotic-shunting-for-bilateral-hydrothorax
#10
Michelle Han, Yalda Afshar, Andrew H Chon, Emily Scibetta, Rashmi Rao, Ramen H Chmait
INTRODUCTION: Pseudoamniotic band syndrome (PABS) occurs iatrogenically after fetal surgery or amniocentesis due to chorioamniotic membrane separation. Separation of the amnion from the chorion can expand to form fibrous amniotic bands that can envelope fetal limbs or the umbilical cord, with consequences ranging from limb constriction to fetal demise. CASE REPORT: We report a case of bilateral fetal pleural effusions at 27 weeks' gestation treated by bilateral thoracoamniotic shunts...
April 28, 2017: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445517/motivation-factors-for-suicidal-behavior-and-their-clinical-relevance-in-admitted-psychiatric-patients
#11
Naoki Hayashi, Miyabi Igarashi, Atsushi Imai, Yuka Yoshizawa, Kaori Asamura, Yoichi Ishikawa, Taro Tokunaga, Kayo Ishimoto, Yoshitaka Tatebayashi, Hirohiko Harima, Naoki Kumagai, Hidetoki Ishii, Yuji Okazaki
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behavior (SB) is a major, worldwide health concern. To date there is limited understanding of the associated motivational aspects which accompany this self-initiated conduct. AIMS: To develop a method for identifying motivational features associated with SB by studying admitted psychiatric patients, and to examine their clinical relevance. METHODS: By performing a factor analytic study using data obtained from a patient sample exhibiting high suicidality and a variety of SB methods, Motivations for SB Scale (MSBS) was constructed to measure the features...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442833/a-randomised-prospective-study-to-evaluate-preperitoneal-mesh-repair-versus-onlay-mesh-repair-and-laparoscopic-ipom-in-incisional-hernia-surgery
#12
S Natarajan, S Meenaa, K A Thimmaiah
Incisional hernia remains a very common postoperative complication. These are encountered with an incidence of up to 20 % following laparotomy. These hernias enlarge over time, making the repair difficult, and serious complications like bowel obstruction, strangulation and enterocutaneous fistula can occur. Hence, elective repair is indicated to avoid these complications. Implantation of a prosthetic mesh is nowadays considered as the standard treatment due to low hernia recurrence. The most common mesh repair techniques used are the onlay repair, sublay repair and laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422909/multi-institutional-prospective-observational-study-comparing-the-gastrografin-challenge-versus-standard-treatment-in-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction
#13
Martin D Zielinski, Nadeem N Haddad, Asad J Choudhry, Daniel C Cullinane, Kenji Inaba, Agustin Escalante, D Dante Yeh, Salina Wydo, David Turay, Andrea Pakula, Therese M Duane, Jill Watras, Kenneth A Widom, John Cull, Carlos J Rodriguez, Eric A Toschlog, Valerie G Sams, Joshua P Hazelton, John Christopher Graybill
INTRODUCTION: Existing trials studying the use of Gastrografin for management of adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO) are limited by methodological flaws and small sample sizes. We compared institutional protocols with and without Gastrografin (GG), hypothesizing that a SBO management protocol utilizing GG is associated with lesser rates of exploration, shorter length of stay, and fewer complications. METHODS: A multi-institutional, prospective, observational study was performed on patients appropriate for GG with adhesive SBO...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420851/left-paraduodenal-hernia-with-bowel-strangulation
#14
Te-Pao Lin, Chang-Hsien Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409293/defining-the-need-for-surgery-in-small-bowel-obstruction
#15
Florian Kuehn, Malte Weinrich, Sarah Ehmann, Katja Kloker, Ilaria Pergolini, Ernst Klar
BACKGROUND: Small-bowel obstruction is a frequent disorder in emergency medicine and represents a major burden for patients and health care systems worldwide. Within the past years, progress has been made regarding the management of small-bowel obstructions, including the use of contrast agent swallow as a tool in the decision-making process. OBJECTIVES: This is a prospective controlled study investigating the central role of contrast agent swallow in the diagnostic and treatment algorithm for small-bowel obstruction at a university department of surgery...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409048/laparoscopic-reduction-and-closure-of-an-internal-hernia-secondary-to-gynecologic-surgery
#16
Takashi Sakamoto, Alan Kawarai Lefor
Internal hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction which often requires emergent surgery. In general, the preoperative diagnosis of internal hernia is difficult. The pelvic cavity has various spaces with the potential to result in a hernia, especially in females. In this report, we describe a patient with an internal hernia secondary to previous gynecologic surgery. A 49-year-old woman presented with acute abdominal pain and a history of previous right oophorectomy for a benign ovarian cyst. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed obstruction with strangulation and emergent laparoscopic exploration was performed...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403696/congenital-transmesenteric-strangulated-hernia-in-a-neonate-a-case-report
#17
Kamal Nain Rattan, Jasbir Singh, Poonam Dalal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396754/fundal-herniation-strangulation-and-fistulization-to-the-left-lung-after-greater-curvature-gastric-plication
#18
Elias Saikaly, Fahim Abi Fadel, Antoine El Asmar, Ziad El Rassi
Gastric plication is not a complication-free procedure. Herein, we present the first known case of gastric plication complicated by herniation of the gastric fundus into the chest cavity through the esophageal hiatus complicated by strangulation, necrosis, abscess formation, and communication between the gastric lumen and the left lung.
April 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383831/-spiegelian-hernia-a-report-of-three-cases
#19
M de Marneffe, L Médart, L Collignon
Spiegelian hernia is a rare anterior abdominal wall hernia, described in 1764 by a Hungarian surgeon. It often remains undiagnosed because of its unusual location on the semilunar line, laterally to the rectus muscle. CT presentation is specific. Because of its high risk of strangulation, a surgical management should be proposed, even in case of fortuitous discovery. We present three cases of Spiegelian hernia, two fortuitously discovered and one detected on the occasion of a small bowel incarceration. We also evoke a similar case of eventration on the lunate line requesting the knowledge of the detailed surgical antecedents for diagnosis...
September 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381270/a-rare-diaphragmatic-ureteral-herniation-case-report-endoscopic-and-open-reconstructive-management
#20
Frank C Lin, Jamie S Lin, Samuel Kim, Jonathan R Walker
BACKGROUND: Ureteral herniations are a rare occurrence, generally found incidentally on cross sectional imaging or during surgical intervention for unrelated processes. Several locations of ureteral herniations can occur including the inguinal, femoral, sciatic, obturator, and thoracic regions. While few reports of ureteral hernias are reported in the literature overall, the vast majority of those reported are inguinoscrotal herniations found during evaluation and treatment of inguinal hernias...
April 5, 2017: BMC Urology
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