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Ileocecal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315903/reconsideration-of-the-primary-and-secondary-diagnostic-criteria-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-scintigraphy-a-study-of-93-confirmed-cases
#1
Ha Wu, Xiaofei Zhao, Yiwei Li, Ruifang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Meckel's diverticulum scintigraphy (MDS) is a common method for diagnosing ectopic gastric mucosa (EGM), but atypical images are difficult to diagnose. This study aimed to improve the understanding of the existing diagnostic criteria through a review of confirmed cases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 352 patients underwent MDS. Among 120 patients with a positive diagnosis, 106 underwent surgery. This study analyzed the imaging presentation, surgical records, and pathological results...
March 20, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303842/improvement-of-quality-of-nonanesthetic-colonoscopy-by-preoperative-administration-of-pinaverium-bromide
#2
Xiao-Lin Wang, Jian-Ning Zhou, Li Ren, Xiao-Li Pan, Hong-Yu Ren, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: Nonanesthetic colonoscopy is popular in clinical practice in China. However, intestinal spasms often result in a prolonged examination time, increased operating difficulties, decreased polyp detection rate, and failure to complete the procedure clinically. Therefore, exploring alternative approaches that can reduce the pain in patients during colonoscopy is of utmost importance, and finding the optimal preoperative administration to improve the quality of nonanesthetic colonoscopy is also necessary...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298482/movement-disorder-associated-with-foreign-body-ingestion
#3
Olugbenga Akingbola, Dinesh Singh, Uwe Blecker
We present a case of recurrent bouts of irritability with arching, head extension, and lethargy in a previously healthy 10-month-old girl admitted to the PICU for acute onset of a movement disorder. The patient's vital signs and physical examination were unremarkable but recurrent bouts of abnormal movements persisted for the first 10 hours of admission in the PICU. Possible diagnoses, such as meningitis, status epilepticus, space occupying lesions, and toxic ingestions, were ruled out because of negative cerebrospinal fluid analysis, normal EEG, and negative results of other ancillary tests...
March 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295515/two-cases-of-melanomas-paradoxically-metastasizing-to-the-intestinal-tract-during-nivolumab-therapy
#4
Hajime Miyazawa, Teruki Yanagi, Yasuyuki Yamaguchi, Keisuke Imafuku, Shinya Kitamura, Hiroo Hata, Jiro Uehara, Nobuki Ichikawa, Yosuke Ohno, Tadashi Yoshida, Shigenori Homma, Hideki Kawamura, Akinobu Taketomi, Hiroshi Shimizu
We report two cases of melanomas in patients who developed intestinal metastasis despite other metastatic sites responding to nivolumab and despite the patients having favorable findings such as vitiligo and normal lactate dehydrogenase. The first case is an 85-year-old man who had been administrated nivolumab for lung/cutaneous metastases. After 22 courses of nivolumab therapy, fever and anorexia had appeared and his bodyweight had decreased. An intussusception on the ileocecal valve was revealed by computed tomography, and emergency surgery revealed metastatic lesions on the colon...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285210/single-incision-laparoscopic-ileocecal-resection-using-an-organ-retractor
#5
Tetsuro Tominaga, Takashi Nonaka, Kouki Wakata, Masaki Kunizaki, Shuichi Tobinaga, Yorihisa Sumida, Shigekazu Hidaka, Terumitsu Sawai, Takeshi Nagayasu
INTRODUCTION: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has been reported to be a safe and feasible technique for colorectal cancer. However, the technique needs skill due to the limitations of the device. An organ retractor is a new grasp device that has the potential to overcome these limitations. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63-year-old woman with a tumor palpated in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen presented to hospital. Colonoscopy showed a type 2 mass with nearly complete stenosis, and a biopsy specimen showed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281512/-specific-features-of-impaired-intestinal-digestion-absorption-and-microbiocenosis-in-patients-with-cholelithiasis
#6
Ya M Vakhrushev, A P Lukashevich
AIM: To perform a comprehensive study of intestinal digestion, absorption, and microbiocenosis in various stages of cholelithiasis (CL). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 76 patients with of CL, including 44 patients with its Stage I and 32 patients with Stage II, were examined. Mono-, di - and polysaccharide load tests and a scatological study were performed to evaluate the processes of digestion and absorption in the intestine. The hydrogen breath test using lactulose was carried out to study small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280983/the-influence-of-specific-technical-maneuvers-utilized-in-the-creation-of-diverting-loop-ileostomies-on-stoma-related-morbidity
#7
Masaaki Miyo, Ichiro Takemasa, Masataka Ikeda, Masaki Tujie, Junichi Hasegawa, Masayuki Ohue, Takeshi Kato, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
PURPOSE: The association between technical maneuvers in fashioning a diverting loop-ileostomy and stoma-related complications remains unclear. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate their relevance to stoma-related morbidity. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study was designed to collect data from 37 institutions. We evaluated the perioperative outcomes of consecutive patients who underwent surgery to create a diverting loop-ileostomy in 2013. RESULTS: A total of 4137 patients with colorectal disease underwent colorectomy, 279 of whom received an ileostomy...
March 9, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278439/a-case-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-for-a-bleeding-meckel-s-diverticulum-diagnosed-pre-operatively-by-double-balloon-endoscopy
#8
Toshio Shiraishi, Tetsuro Tominaga, Takashi Nonaka, Kouki Wakata, Masaki Kunizaki, Shuichi Tobinaga, Yorihisa Sumida, Shigekazu Hidaka, Naoe Kinoshita, Terumitsu Sawai, Takeshi Nagayasu
INTRODUCTION:  Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is a congenital true diverticulum that is residual yolk duct tissue, and some cases with complications require surgery. It has been reported that laparoscopic surgery is effective for patients with an MD. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 79-year-old man with melena visited our hospital. Upper gastrointestinal series and colonoscopy showed no bleeding lesion. Double-balloon endoscopy was then performed to examine the small intestine...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276813/fecal-biomarkers-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-how-when-and-why
#9
Paula Ministro, Diana Martins
Over the last thirty years knowledge on fecal biomarkers (FM) has substantially increased. Nowadays these non-invasive inflammation markers are used in the daily management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The interest in investigating FM was motivated by the need of a simple, quick, disposable and less invasive marker of disease activity, which might remove the need for endoscopy when following up with patients. Areas covered: Current literature was reviewed for articles regarding the role of FM in IBD diagnosis, activity, flare prediction, medication and surgical treatment response as well as how FM may differ in adult and paediatric IBD patient populations...
April 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271948/successful-adalimumab-treatment-and-usefulness-of-capsule-endoscopy-for-gut-inflammation-concomitant-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#10
Shinji Ota, Hirotake Sakuraba, Hiroto Hiraga, Keisuke Hasui, Miwa Satake, Norihiro Hanabata, Yui Akemoto, Rina Watanabe, Nahoko Tanaka, Yoh Ishiguro, Masanori Tanaka, Shinsaku Fukuda
Here we describe a 20-year-old man with ankylosing spondylitis and gut inflammation, who was successfully treated with adalimumab. Capsule endoscopy and ileocolonoscopy showed multiple erosions and aphthoid ulcers in the ileum and the ileocecal valve. Immunohistochemical analysis of the terminal ileum demonstrated that the number of IL-23p19 expressing macrophages was increased. Adalimumab was administered, and his back pain and abdominal symptoms improved. Adalimumab might be an effective treatment for gut inflammation related to ankylosing spondylitis...
March 8, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271148/emergency-surgery-for-obstructing-colonic-cancer-a-comparison-between-right-sided-and-left-sided-lesions
#11
J-L Faucheron, B Paquette, B Trilling, B Heyd, S Koch, G Mantion
PURPOSE: Few studies compare management and outcomes of obstructive colonic cancer, depending on the tumor site. We aim to evaluate the differences in patient characteristics, tumor characteristics, and outcomes of emergency surgery for obstructive right-sided versus left-sided colonic cancers. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2009, 71 consecutive patients had an emergency colectomy following strict and clear definition of obstruction in a single institution. We retrospectively analyzed pre, per, and postoperative data that were prospectively collected...
March 7, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248209/endoscopic-recurrence-six-months-after-ileocecal-resection-in-children-with-crohn-s-disease-treated-with-azathioprine
#12
Kristyna Zarubova, Ondrej Hradsky, Ivana Copova, Blanka Rouskova, Lucie Pos, Richard Skaba, Jiri Bronsky
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal surgery is an important part of Crohn's disease (CD) treatment in children. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of endoscopic recurrence at the 6 month after ileocecal resection (ICR) in children with CD treated with azathioprine (AZA) between patients who received prior anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) therapy and those who were not administered this therapy. Moreover, we tried to identify the potential risk factors for disease recurrence and describe the schedule of long-term follow-up after surgery...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237617/safe-dissection-of-high-paraaortic-lymph-nodes-superior-to-the-renal-vein-in-ovarian-primary-peritoneal-or-fallopian-tube-cancer-by-the-komiyama-s-maneuver-a-modification-of-kocher-s-maneuver
#13
Shinichi Komiyama, Megumi Manrai, Rena Takahashi, Chiaki Takeya
OBJECTIVE: High paraaortic lymph nodes superior to the renal vein are often involved by metastasis from advanced ovarian cancer, but are difficult to dissect. We developed a novel surgical technique for removing these nodes. METHODS: The ascending colon is displaced from the right paracolic gutter. A retroperitoneal incision is made cranially from the ileocecal region along Monk's white line (fusion fascia) dorsal to the ascending colon. Incising the fusion fascia toward the root of the right renal vein from inside Gerota's fascia allows separation of the right kidney and mobilization of the ascending colon, partly exposing the inferior vena cava...
February 22, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229609/laparoscopic-treatment-of-hemorrhagic-meckel-diverticulum-after-diagnosis-with-wireless-capsule-endoscopy-and-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#14
Haibo Yu, Hongliang Song, Jing Cai
Meckel diverticulum (MD) is a common small intestinal malformation. The difficulty of MD with hemorrhage treatment lies in preoperative diagnosis. Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) have been widely used to diagnose and treat diseases of the small intestine, but only rarely have they been used in combination to diagnose and treat bleeding MD. We successfully diagnosed and treated a patient with MD with hemorrhage with a combination of WCE, DBE, and laparoscopy. A 17-year-old man presented to the emergency room with hematochezia and was admitted for testing...
February 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223728/levothyroxine-therapy-and-impaired-clearance-are-the-strongest-contributors-to-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-results-of-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Thorsten Brechmann, Andre Sperlbaum, Wolff Schmiegel
AIM: To identify a set of contributors, and weight and rank them on a pathophysiological basis. METHODS: Patients who have undergone a lactulose or glucose hydrogen breath test to rule out small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) for various clinical symptoms, including diarrhoea, weight loss, abdominal pain, cramping or bloating, were seen as eligible for inclusion in a retrospective single-centre study. Clinical data such as co-morbidities, medication, laboratory parameters and other possible risk factors have been identified from the electronic data system...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212588/colorectal-polypectomy-and-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-emr-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-clinical-guideline
#16
Monika Ferlitsch, Alan Moss, Cesare Hassan, Pradeep Bhandari, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Gregorios Paspatis, Rodrigo Jover, Cord Langner, Maxime Bronzwaer, Kumanan Nalankilli, Paul Fockens, Rawi Hazzan, Ian M Gralnek, Michael Gschwantler, Elisabeth Waldmann, Philip Jeschek, Daniela Penz, Denis Heresbach, Leon Moons, Arnaud Lemmers, Konstantina Paraskeva, Juergen Pohl, Thierry Ponchon, Jaroslaw Regula, Alessandro Repici, Matthew D Rutter, Nicholas G Burgess, Michael J Bourke
1 ESGE recommends cold snare polypectomy (CSP) as the preferred technique for removal of diminutive polyps (size ≤ 5 mm). This technique has high rates of complete resection, adequate tissue sampling for histology, and low complication rates. (High quality evidence, strong recommendation.) 2 ESGE suggests CSP for sessile polyps 6 - 9 mm in size because of its superior safety profile, although evidence comparing efficacy with hot snare polypectomy (HSP) is lacking. (Moderate quality evidence, weak recommendation...
March 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209957/-the-role-of-small-intestine-length-in-the-development-of-short-bowel-syndrome
#17
R R Khasanov, A A Gumerov, L M Vessel
AIM: To define the the role of small bowel length in development of SBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with SBS after small bowel resection in neonatal period were included into the study. Total small bowel length ranged from 5 to 55 cm (11.8±5.59% from normal length for certain age). RESULTS: Described small bowel length has high risk of SBS/IF development irrespective to other factors (specific segment of small bowel that was resected, preserved intestinal segment state, absence of colon and/or ileocecal valve)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194405/abundance-and-significance-of-neuroligin-1-and-neurexin-ii-in-the-enteric-nervous-system-of-embryonic-rats
#18
Dongming Wang, Jingnian Pan, Guoxin Song, Ni Gao, Yi Zheng, Qiangye Zhang, Aiwu Li
Aim. To investigate the abundance of neuroligin-1 and neurexin II in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of rats on different embryonic days and to explore their potential significance. Methods. The full-thickness colon specimens proximal to the ileocecal junction of rats on embryonic days 16, 18, and 20 and of newborns within 24 hours (E16, E18, E20, and Ep0) were studied, respectively. qRT-PCR was applied for detecting the expressions of neuroligin-1 and neurexin II on mRNA, and western blotting was employed for detecting their further expressions on the whole tissue...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187037/incidental-finding-of-granular-cell-tumor-in-the-ileocecal-valve-during-colectomy-for-adenocarcinoma
#19
Anaïs Dziegielewski, Maxime Hamon, Najat Mourra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175073/p282-does-colonoscopy-alter-the-post-procedural-fecal-calprotectin-results-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-with-ileocecal-resection
#20
Y Erzin, N Demir, S Bozcan, S Yıldırım, I Hatemi, A F Celik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
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