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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145105/the-steel-pan-sign-of-sigmoid-volvulus-a-case-series
#1
Yardesh Singh, Shariful Islam, Ammiel Arra, Renee Banfield, Vijay Naraynsingh
INTRODUCTION: Signs in radiology are usually based on many common objects or patterns that are easily recognizable in everyday life. The objective behind this association is to aid in the understanding and diagnosis of the disease process. These signs can be seen in different imaging modalities such as plain radiograph and computed tomography. PRESENTATION OF CASE: 4 consecutive cases of sigmoid volvulus presented at our tertiary hospital between January 2016 and June 2017...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142529/comments-on-clinical-outcomes-of-sigmoid-colon-volvulus-identification-of-the-factors-associated-with-successful-endoscopic-detorsion
#2
COMMENT
Sabri Selcuk Atamanalp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141764/potential-role-for-flubendazole-in-limiting-filariasis-transmission-observations-of-microfilarial-sensitivity
#3
Maeghan O'Neill, Jelil Abdel Njouendou, Michael Dzimianski, Erica Burkman, Patrick Chouna Ndongmo, Jonas A Kengne-Ouafo, Samuel Wanji, Andrew Moorhead, Charles D Mackenzie, Timothy G Geary
Flubendazole (FLBZ) is a potent and efficacious macrofilaricide after parenteral administration. Studies in animal models and one trial in patients infected with Onchocerca volvulus revealed that FLBZ elicits minimal effects on microfilariae (mf). Severe complications after ivermectin (IVM) treatment of patients with high Loa loa microfilaraemia are of great concern. We examined the potential of FLBZ to rapidly kill L. loa mf, the phenomenon proposed to underlie the complications. Mf of L. loa were exposed to FLBZ, its reduced metabolite, albendazole, or IVM in vitro...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140803/use-of-postmortem-computed-tomography-to-detect-bowel-obstruction-and-its-relationship-to-the-cause-of-death
#4
Dominic Gascho, Sarah Schaerli, Lucile Tuchtan-Torrents, Michael J Thali, Guillaume Gorincour
Bowel distension frequently indicates bowel obstruction, which is a common diagnosis in clinical radiology. Typically, symptoms and complaints lead to radiological examinations and the detection of the etiology. Untreated intestinal obstructions can lead to a fatal outcome through cardiac failure due to septic shock. Certain of these cases undergo medicolegal investigations depending on the case history, the condition of the decedent, the location of the finding, or recent visits to medical professionals. Computed tomography (CT) is a recommended method in clinical radiology for the detection of bowel obstruction, which is indicated by bowel distension and further radiological signs (eg, the whirl sign, which indicates a volvulus)...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138668/-left-paraduodenal-hernia-a-rare-cause-of-bowel-obstruction
#5
Mohammed Alila, Abdelouahab Marouni, Imane Toughrai
We here report two cases of acute bowel obstruction. Emergency intervention showed left obstructive paraduodenal hernia causing volvulus with necrosis of the incarcerated intestinal loops in one patient who underwent one-time anastomosis resection and suffering but viable small bowel in the second patient treated by incarcerated intestinal loop reduction and obturation of the orifice of the hernial canal. We here highlight the diagnostic and therapeutic features of this rare condition.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138647/nodding-syndrome-ns-and-onchocerca-volvulus-ov-in-northern-uganda
#6
David Kitara Lagoro, Denis Anywar Arony
Nodding Syndrome (NS) is a childhood neurological disorder characterized by atonic seizures, cognitive decline, school dropout, muscle weakness, thermal dysfunction, wasting and stunted growth. There are recent published information suggesting associations between Nodding Syndrome (NS) with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) VGKC antibodies and serum leiomidin-1 antibody cross reacting with Onchocerca Volvulus (OV). These findings suggest a neuro-inflammatory cause of NS and they are important findings in the search for the cause of Nodding Syndrome...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133856/therapeutic-targeting-of-extracellular-dna-improves-the-outcome-of-intestinal-ischemic-reperfusion-injury-in-neonatal-rats
#7
Michael Boettcher, Georg Eschenburg, Stefan Mietzsch, Miguel Jiménez-Alcázar, Michaela Klinke, Deirdre Vincent, Bastian Tiemann, Robert Bergholz, Konrad Reinshagen, Tobias A Fuchs
Thrombosis and inflammation cooperate in the development of intestinal infarction. Recent studies suggest that extracellular DNA released by damaged cells or neutrophils in form of extracellular traps (NETs) contributes to organ damage in experimental models of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Here we compared the therapeutic effects of targeting fibrin or extracellular DNA in intestinal infarction after midgut volvulus in rats. Following iatrogenic midgut volvulus induction for 3 hours, we treated animals with a combination of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) to target fibrin or with DNase1 to degrade extracellular DNA...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128861/atrial-cardiomyopathy-in-an-adult-labrador-retriever-dog
#8
E Bomassi, J Rousselot, S Libermann, I Raymond Letron, S Etchepareborde, C Misbach
A 7-year-old castrated male Labrador retriever was examined for a 10-day history of weakness and syncope. Physical examination revealed bradycardia and a grade III/VI left apical systolic heart murmur. Electrocardiography demonstrated bradycardia, absence of P waves and an atrio-ventricular nodal escape rhythm. Echocardiography revealed marked biatrial enlargement. Thoracic radiographs showed no evidence of pulmonary edema. Routine plasma biochemistry and electrolytes, basal serum cortisol, total thyroxin concentration, and complete blood count were within normal limits...
November 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126184/bark-and-ambrosia-beetle-curculionidae-scolytinae-diversity-found-in-agricultural-and-fragmented-forests-in-piracicaba-sp-brazil
#9
Carla Sandoval Rodríguez, Anthony I Cognato, Ciro Abbud Righi
Land use changes and forest fragmentation result in biodiversity loss and displacement, with insects among the most affected groups. Among these, bark beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) occupy a prominent position due to their close ties to food resources, i.e., trees, and importance as primary decomposers in forest ecosystems. Therefore, our study aimed to document scolytine biodiversity associated with landscape components that vary based on their physical or botanical composition. Bark beetle diversity was sampled monthly for 12 mo in an Atlantic forest remnant and five adjacent vegetation plots (mixed Agroforestry System-AFS, of native trees and fruit species; AFS of rubber trees and coffee plants; coffee monoculture; rubber monoculture; and pasture)...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118874/pharmacobezoar-an-unusual-cause-of-large-bowel-obstruction
#10
Rishitha Yelisetti, Areig Awad, Bushra Ambreen, Ritika Zijoo, Sara Wallach
Large bowel obstruction (LBO) is an abdominal emergency with high morbidity and mortality rates if left untreated. LBO is four to five times less frequent than small bowel obstruction (SBO) and the causes of LBO and SBO differ substantially. Colonic malignancy remains the most common cause of LBO (> 60%). Additional causes of LBO include entities such as diverticulitis, colonic volvulus, and adhesion. Herein we present a case of acute LBO caused by pharmacobezoar.
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110733/sigmoid-volvulus-in-children-a-case-report
#11
Fayza Haider, Nabeel Al Asheeri, Barrak Ayoub, Eizat Abrar, Jawad Khamis, Hasan Isa, Husain Nasser, Fatima Al Hashimi
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus is frequently reported in the "volvulus belt" (Middle East, Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, and South America) and is the third leading cause of large bowel obstruction in North America. It is an uncommon problem in children and adolescents, and is rarely considered a diagnosis in this group. A high index of suspicion is necessary to diagnose sigmoid volvulus in children. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 13-year-old Arabian girl who came with features suggestive of intestinal obstruction...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106286/duodenal-lengthening-in-an-adult-with-ultra-short-bowel-syndrome-a-case-report
#12
Javier Bueno, Rosa Burgos, Susana Redecillas, Manuel López, Joaquin Balsells
BACKGROUND: We have recently demonstrated the feasibility of lengthening the duodenum in children with short bowel syndrome and a dilated duodenum. This procedure gains additional intestinal length in a challenging area of autologous gut reconstruction. Herein, we report the successful application of this technique in an adult with ultra-short bowel syndrome. METHODS: A 25-year-old man with a history of mid-gut volvulus was referred to our center for intestinal transplant evaluation...
November 6, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093595/-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-complicated-with-intestinal-volvulus
#13
Carmen Elena Fuenmayor, Carlos Gainza, Maryori García, Richard Zambrano, Gledys Torres, Yohanys Hernández, Anna García
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is a rare condition in which multiple gas-filled cysts are found within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract either in the subserosa or submucosa. Its pathogenesis is uncertain and several pathogenic mechanisms have been proposed to explain its origin. The case of a male patient of 46 years with previous diagnosis of pneumatosis cystic intestinalis, who consulted for abdominal pain, vomiting and fever (39 °C) is presented. By the time of admission ther were signs of peritoneal irritation...
July 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089743/subacute-gastric-volvulus-a-report-of-two-cases-with-review-of-literature
#14
Adarshpal Kaur, Rachan Lal Singla, Sanjay Yadav, Ashwani Kumar
Gastric volvulus is a rare medical entity that requires high index of suspicion for diagnosis and treatment as it has different implications in terms of clinical presentation, diagnosis, imaging support, pathological behavior, and evaluation. When it presents acutely, it may be easily detected. However, in patients with subacute presentation, symptoms are vague due to episodic twisting and untwisting. Definite preoperative diagnosis can be established if imaging is performed during symptomatic interval. The main aim of this report was to stress on the need for keeping high index of suspicion for this medical condition and for imaging the patient during symptomatic interval...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089704/neonatal-gastrointestinal-perforations-the-10-year-experience-of-a-reference-hospital
#15
Mehmet Saraç, Ünal Bakal, Mustafa Aydın, Tugay Tartar, Aysen Orman, Erdal Taşkın, Şenay Canpolat, Ahmet Kazez
The aim of this study was to present our experiences with, as well as the factors that affect, the treatment and outcome of patients with neonatal gastrointestinal perforations (GIPs). Thirty-eight newborn cases that were operated on for GIP in our hospital's tertiary newborn intensive care unit between January 2005 and December 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were divided into the two following groups: group 1, perforations related to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and group 2, non-NEC perforations...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051629/-boerhaave-s-syndrome-secondary-to-gastric-volvulus
#16
I Eguaras Córdoba, A Goikoetxea Urdiain, A Hernando Sanz, I Esquiroz Lizaur, B Camarero Triana, A Artajona Rosino
Boerhaave's syndrome is a spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus, caused by an increase of intraluminal pressure that is produced in the context of negative intrathoracic pressure. It has a high index of morbimortality (14-40%), which is why it requires early diagnosis and treatment. When a patient presents vomiting, the differential diagnosis should include epigastric pain. Para-esophageal hiatal hernias can be complicated by gastric volvulus. In its turn, this can produce both oesophageal and gastric necrosis requiring early surgical treatment...
October 19, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051308/food-engorgement-in-35-dogs-2009-2013-compared-with-36-dogs-with-gastric-dilation-and-volvulus
#17
Lisa Smart, Shona Reese, Giselle Hosgood
The clinical features and management of food engorgement (FE) in dogs have not been previously described. This retrospective observational study describes characteristics and outcome of 35 dogs with FE, and compares features on presentation to 36 dogs with gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV). Cases were retrospectively reviewed for history, clinical findings and outcome. Gastric distension was measured by caudal gastric margin (CGM), level with lumbar vertebrae, on a lateral abdominal radiograph. Frequent characteristics of dogs with FE included tachycardia, tachypnoea, hyperproteinaemia, increased base excess (BE), mild hypernatraemia and hyperlactataemia...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049228/the-efficiency-of-sonography-in-diagnosing-volvulus-in-neonates-with-suspected-intestinal-malrotation
#18
Wenhua Zhang, Hongjun Sun, Fangqiong Luo
This study is to prospectively evaluate the efficiency of sonography for volvulus diagnosis in neonates with clinically suspected intestinal malrotation.A total of 83 patients with suspected intestinal malrotation who underwent detailed abdominal sonography and upper gastrointestinal contrast study were included. Malrotation was characterized by inversion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV) in sonographic examination. The "whirlpool sign" of Color Doppler Sonography was recognized as a characteristic for malrotation with volvulus...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046035/-laboratorial-alteration-preceding-staphylococcal-infection-clinical-manifestations-after-intestinal-transplantation
#19
Wilma Carvalho Neves Forte, Alliny Oliveira Carvalho Galvan, Pedro Salem Molino, Thais Roque, Tainá Mosca, Wangles Soler
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infection, often with Staphylococcus aureus, is an important complication in intestinal transplant. CLINICAL CASE: A 2-year-old girl underwent small bowel transplantation owing to a small bowel volvulus. On the first postoperative day, lymphocyte phenotypes, serum immunoglobulins and chemotactic and phagocytic activity of neutrophils were assessed in peripheral blood. A decrease in the ingestion phase of phagocytosis by neutrophils was identified, in comparison with the results of 20 healthy children...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040246/a-rare-case-of-cecal-bascule-in-a-child-with-normal-neurodevelopment
#20
Sandra Oliveira Loureiro, Timothy Lynch, Braeden John Medeiros, Neil Merritt, Rodrick Lim
Cecal volvulus is a rare cause of bowel obstruction in adults and an extremely rare presentation in children. One form known as a cecal bascule has only previously been reported in children with neurodevelopmental issues or with severe chronic constipation. We present the case of a 10-year-old boy who presented with an acute history of left lower quadrant abdominal pain, who upon investigation was found to have a cecal bascule.
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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