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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344690/-globalization-challenges-in-abdominal-surgery-for-migrants-and-refugees
#1
REVIEW
T J Wilhelm, S Post
The increasing number of refugees, migrants and international travelers influences the surgical spectrum of abdominal diseases. The aim of this review is to familiarize surgeons with specific diseases which are endemic in the patients' countries of origin and are likely to be diagnosed with increasing incidence in Germany. Low levels of hygiene in the countries of origin or refugee camps is associated with a high incidence of numerous infections, such as helminth infections, typhoid fever or amoebiasis, which if untreated can cause surgical emergencies...
January 17, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322628/case-of-cecal-volvulus-successfully-treated-with-endoscopic-colopexy
#2
Yuki Sakamoto, Yukiharu Hiyoshi, Kazuya Sakata, Eiichiro Toyama, Noboru Takata, Ichiro Yoshinaka, Kazunori Harada, Hideo Baba
We herein report a case of cecal volvulus successfully treated with endoscopic colopexy. A 73-year-old man with a high fever and abdominal fullness was diagnosed with ileus caused by cecal volvulus. CT showed a dilated cecum and small intestine without bowel strangulation as well as acute pneumonia. Because the pneumonia increased the risk associated with general anesthesia, we attempted decompression of the bowel using endoscopy to avoid surgery. On day 1, a transanal ileus tube was inserted to the terminal ileum through the dilated cecum...
January 11, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318103/cecal-volvulus-following-a-right-nephrectomy-for-wilms-tumor-should-we-need-to-close-the-lateral-peritoneum
#3
Mauricio Gonzalez-Urquijo, Christian Ovalle-Chao, Eduardo Flores-Villalba, Ulises de Jesus Garza-Luna, Jose Humberto Velazco-De La Garza, Ulises Garza-Serna
Wilms' tumor (WT) accounts for 90% of all pediatric renal malignant tumors. The most common postoperative complication based on the National Wilms' Tumor Study is small bowel obstruction. We report on a 2-year-old girl with postoperative bowel obstruction following a right nephrectomy for WT. The patient was reintervened 48 hours after surgery and a cecal volvulus was found. Here, we will describe possible causes of this postoperative complication and discuss management.
January 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313477/evaluation-of-the-diagnostic-performance-of-onchocerca-volvulus-linear-epitopes-in-a-peptide-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay
#4
Ole Lagatie, Ann Verheyen, Erik Nijs, Bieke Van Dorst, Linda Batsa Debrah, Alex Debrah, Taniawati Supali, Erliyani Sartono, Lieven J Stuyver
Diagnostic tools for the detection of infection with Onchocerca volvulus are presently limited to microfilaria detection in skin biopsies and serological assessment using the Ov16 immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) rapid test, both of which have limited sensitivity. We have investigated the diagnostic performance of a peptide enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on immunodominant linear epitopes previously discovered. Peptides that were used in these assays were designated O. volvulus motif peptides (OvMP): OvMP-1 (VSV-EPVTTQET-VSV), OvMP-2 (VSV-KDGEDK-VSV), OvMP-3 (VSV-QTSNLD-VSV), and the combination of the latter two, OvMP-23 (VSV-KDGEDK-VSV-QTSNLD-VSV)...
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305432/a-case-of-sigmoid-volvulus
#5
Aikaterini Leventi, Thomas Frederick James Clifford, Amy Arnold, Charles H Knowles, Joanne E Martin
CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old man was admitted with a 2-week history of bowel obstruction on a background of gradually worsening dyspeptic symptoms associated with vomiting and weight loss. He was under regular gastroenterology review for Barrett's oesophagus and had a recent endoscopic diagnosis of megaduodenum (mainly D1 dilatation) confirmed by barium study (figure 1). He was also known to have bladder emptying problems and an enlarged bladder. His mother died at age 28 due to 'megacolon', and he has a monozygotic twin brother with Barrett's oesophagus...
January 5, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289559/geographical-distribution-and-species-identification-of-human-filariasis-and-onchocerciasis-in-bioko-island-equatorial-guinea
#6
Thuy-Huong Ta, Laura Moya, Justino Nguema, Pilar Aparicio, María Miguel Oteo, Gema Cenzual, Isabel Canorea, Marta Lanza, Agustín Benito, James Lee Crainey, José Miguel Rubio
Human filariae are vector-borne parasites and the causative agents of various diseases, including human onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis. Onchocerciasis causes a spectrum of cutaneous and ophthalmologic manifestations (including blindness) and has long been a major public health problem in Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea). Bioko Island has been included in the WHO's Onchocerciasis Control Program since 1987. In Bioko Island, the specificity and sensitivity of clinical Onchocerca volvulus diagnosis is key...
December 28, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288080/onchocerciasis-associated-epilepsy-an-additional-reason-for-strengthening-onchocerciasis-elimination-programs
#7
REVIEW
Robert Colebunders, F J Nelson Siewe, An Hotterbeekx
A high prevalence of epilepsy has been observed in onchocerciasis-endemic regions with high onchocerciasis transmission. Recent epidemiological studies suggest that Onchocerca volvulus infection is the trigger causing the seizures, which appear in previously healthy children between the ages of 3 and 18 years. Persons with onchocerciasis-associated epilepsy present with a wide spectrum of seizures, including atonic and myoclonic neck seizures; but also absences and most frequently generalized tonic-clonic seizures...
December 26, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285494/new-evidence-for-nodding-disease-as-an-autoimmune-reaction-to-onchocerca-volvulus
#8
EDITORIAL
Michael J Boivin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285492/river-blindness-goes-beyond-the-eye-autoimmune-antibodies-cross-reactive-with-onchocerca-volvulus-antigen-detected-in-brain-of-patients-with-nodding-syndrome
#9
EDITORIAL
Christoph Kaiser, Sébastien D S Pion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278005/chilaiditi-syndrome-complicated-by-a-sigmoid-volvulus-and-hepatic-displacement
#10
Javier Lucas Ramos, Joaquín Poza Cordon, Consuelo Froilán Torres, César Oterino Serrano
Chilaiditi's sign is an anatomical alteration consisting of the transposition of the small intestine or colon between the liver and diaphragm that is asymptomatic and is usually an accidental radiological finding. The onset of Chilaiditi syndrome is accompanied by clinical symptoms and is even rarer. Moreover, the combination of sigmoid volvulus and Chilaiditi syndrome is extremely rare, with only 17 previous published cases, one of which occurred in a female patient.
December 26, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276585/intestinal-perforation-and-peritonitis-due-to-taenia-saginata-a-case-report-from-iran
#11
Masoud Soosaraei, Shahriar Alizadeh, Mahdi Fakhar, Elham Sadat Banimostafavi, Hajar Ziaei Hezarjaribi
Taenia saginata (T. saginata) is one of the most common cestode in human. We report a case of intestinal perforation caused due to T. saginata infection. The patient, 54-year-old female, had intermittent abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting on referral. Intestinal obstruction and perforation leading to necrosis, and volvulus due to an impacted tapeworm was observed. Histopathological examinations showed acute inflammation with mucosal ulceration, and luminal exudates accompanied by an elongated and flattened segment of the helminth...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275076/dermatological-manifestations-in-onchocerciasis-a-retrospective-study-of-400-imported-cases
#12
Sabino Puente, German Ramirez-Olivencia, Mar Lago, Mercedes Subirats, Eugenio Perez-Blazquez, Fernando Bru, Teresa Garate, Belén Vicente, Moncef Belhassen-Garcia, Antonio Muro
INTRODUCTION: Onchocerciasis is caused by Onchocerca volvulus and mainly leads to pruritus and skin and visual disorders, including blindness. Seventeen million people are infected in 38 countries; 31 of these are in sub-Saharan Africa, six in Latin America and one on the Arabian Peninsula. More than 99% of cases occur in sub-Saharan Africa where 120 million people are at risk of infection. Eye disorders have been well-documented; however, skin disorders have not been described accurately...
December 20, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273999/distal-duodenogastrostomy-or-proximal-jejunogastrostomy-in-the-management-of-ultra-short-bowel
#13
Tjipke Olivier Hofker, Mirjam Anna Kaijser, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Johan Frederick Michel Lange, Hendrik Sijbrand Hofker
Inflammatory bowel disease, vascular disease, volvulus, adhesions, or abdominal trauma may necessitate extensive small-bowel resection resulting in an ultra-short distal duodenal or jejunal stump. If this distal duodenal or short jejunal stump is too short for stoma creation and bowel continuity restoration is hazardous or not possible at all, a distal duodenogastrostomy or proximal jejunogastrostomy in combination with drainage of the stomach is an option to prevent stump leakage. Although successful, this distal duodenogastrostomy has been described only in very few patients and in older records...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246778/computed-tomography-whirl-sign-an-image-based-indication-for-surgery
#14
C Hobeika, I Anzoua Kouakou, C Eveno
Adhesive closed-loop small bowel obstruction can lead to volvulus and ischemia with risk of necrosis. The vital prognosis and bowel viability are highly dependent on rapid management. The physical examination is often insufficient to establish the diagnosis and computed tomography is ordered. The whirl sign provides the best imaging evidence of volvulus and can be sufficient to establish the indication for surgery.
December 12, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236338/inflammatory-cytokine-and-c-reactive-protein-concentrations-in-dogs-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome
#15
Kris Gommeren, Isabelle Desmas, Alexandra Garcia, Natalie Bauer, Andreas Moritz, Joachim Roth, Dominique Peeters
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) kinetics in dogs with a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) presented to an emergency service. We hypothesized serum CRP concentrations would increase and vary during hospitalization, and would correlate with plasma IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations, vary in magnitude according to the underlying disease, and predict survival. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, clinical study...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230337/prenatal-diagnosis-of-a-segmental-small-bowel-volvulus-with-threatened-premature-labor
#16
Barbara Monard, Nicolas Mottet, Rajeev Ramanah, Didier Riethmuller
Fetal primary small bowel volvulus is extremely rare but represents a serious life-threatening condition needing emergency neonatal surgical management to avoid severe digestive consequences. We report a case of primary small bowel volvulus with meconium peritonitis prenatally diagnosed at 27 weeks and 4 days of gestation during threatened premature labor with reduced fetal movements. Ultrasound showed a small bowel mildly dilated with thickened and hyperechogenic intestinal wall, with a typical whirlpool configuration...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224788/long-term-intestinal-obstruction-sequelae-and-growth-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-operated-for-meconium-ileus-expectancies-and-surprises
#17
Anastasia Mentessidou, Ioanna Loukou, Georgios Kampouroglou, Anastasia Livani, Ioannis Georgopoulos, Petros Mirilas
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In the few studies on intestinal complications and growth of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with a history of meconium ileus (MI), operated MI has not been investigated separately. We aimed to investigate the incidence of long-term intestinal obstruction sequelae [constipation, distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS)] and growth in CF patients operated for MI. METHODS: Retrospective study (1989-2016) including operative diagnoses and procedures, constipation and DIOS events, yearly Body Mass Index (BMI) measurements...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222812/spheroid-type-of-al-amyloid-deposition-associated-with-colonic-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report-with-literature-review
#18
Moon Joo Kim, Zulfia McCroskey, Yingchao Piao, Anna Belcheva, Luan Truong, Paul J Kurtin, Jae Y Ro
We report a colonic adenocarcinoma associated with diffuse submucosal deposition of a peculiar spheroid-type amyloid identified in the colon, terminal ileum, and appendix. A 65-year-old woman with past medical histories of hypertension, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, presented to the emergency room with cramping abdominal pain and nausea. A computed tomography (CT) scan of abdomen showed right colonic volvulus. Emergency right hemicolectomy was performed. The specimen showed colonic adenocarcinoma with focal submucosal invasion (pT1) arising from a villotubular adenoma...
December 8, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213170/prune-belly-syndrome-a-report-of-15-cases-from-sudan
#19
Abdelmoneim E M Kheir, Eltigani M A Ali, Safaa A Medani, Huda S Maaty
Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital malformation of unknown aetiology, composed of a triad of deficient abdominal wall muscle, cryptorchidism and urinary tract anomalies. The majority of patients have associated pulmonary, skeletal, cardiac, and gastrointestinal defects. This was a prospective, case finding study that was conducted in the main paediatric hospitals in Khartoum state, during the period December 2015 to September 2016. A total of 15 patients with prune belly syndrome were collected. Patients' characteristics were noted including socio-demographic data, laboratory and radiological investigations and any medical or surgical intervention...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210346/serious-neurological-adverse-events-after-ivermectin-do-they-occur-beyond-the-indication-of-onchocerciasis
#20
Rebecca E Chandler
Serious neurological adverse events have been reported from large scale community-based ivermectin treatment campaigns against Onchocerciasis volvulus in Africa. The mechanism of these events has been debated in the literature, largely focusing on the role of concomitant infection with Loa loa versus the presence of mdr-1 gene variants in humans allowing ivermectin penetration into the central nervous system. A case series of serious neurological adverse events occurring with the use of ivermectin outside of the onchocerciasis indication has been identified in VigiBase, an international database of suspected adverse drug reactions...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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