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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921666/comparison-of-laparoscopic-gastropexy-performed-via-intracorporeal-suturing-with-knotless-unidirectional-barbed-suture-using-a-needle-driver-versus-a-roticulated-endoscopic-suturing-device-30-cases
#1
Kristin A Coleman, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE: To compare two suturing techniques for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy in healthy dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirty healthy client-owned dogs from breeds predisposed to gastric dilation volvulus. METHODS: Medical records of dogs presented for prophylactic laparoscopic gastropexy performed with knotless unidirectional barbed suture were reviewed. Dogs were grouped based on the device used for suturing, consisting of an endoscopic needle driver (END) vs an endoscopic suturing device (ESD)...
September 16, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918753/neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-associated-with-situs-inversus-totalis-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Rahul Gupta, Varsha Soni, Prakash Devidas Valse, Ram Babu Goyal, Arun Kumar Gupta, Praveen Mathur
BACKGROUND: The association of neonatal intestinal obstruction with situs inversus totalis is extremely rare with only few cases reported in the literature to date. This association poses dilemmas in management. We present two such cases (of Indian origin), and briefly discuss the pertinent literature and measures to prevent unfavorable outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1: a 1-month-old preterm (1300 g) male neonate belonging to Hindu (Indian) ethnicity presented with recurrent bile-stained vomiting, non-passage of stools and epigastric fullness...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892428/successful-surgical-correction-of-a-mesenteric-volvulus-with-concurrent-foreign-body-obstruction-in-two-puppies
#3
Susan Jones, Steven G Friedenberg, Jason Callard, Leslie Abernathy, Julien Guillaumin
A 9 mo old female intact English mastiff (case 1) presented for anorexia and vomiting for 7 days. A 7 mo old male castrated American bulldog (case 2) presented for vomiting and anorexia for 2 days without diarrhea. Both dogs were diagnosed with mesenteric volvulus based on exploratory laparotomy, which also revealed an intestinal foreign body obstruction. Case 1 required critical care support during recovery but was ultimately discharged, whereas case 2 had an uncomplicated recovery. Both were reported to be back to normal 1 wk after surgery...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884022/identification-characterization-and-structure-of-tm16-from-trichuris-muris
#4
Zhuyun Liu, Alan Kelleher, Shanii Tabb, Junfei Wei, Jeroen Pollet, Peter J Hotez, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Bin Zhan, Oluwatoyin A Asojo
Trichuriasis is a disease of poverty for which excretory and secretory (ES) products that induce the protective immunity are being investigated as candidate vaccines antigens. In this study, ES products of T. muris and immune sera were produced. The immune sera recognized more than 20 proteins on a 2D-gel of ES products of T. muris adult worms. Tm16 was one of the proteins identified by mass spectrometry. Tm16 shares 57% sequence identity with Ov16, an immunodominant diagnostic antigen from Onchocerca volvulus...
2017: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877788/cecal-herniation-and-volvulus-through-the-foramen-of-winslow
#5
Armin Kamyab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876654/ileosigmoid-knotting-a-zimbabwean-case-series
#6
C Mbanje, S Mungazi, A J V Maunganidze
BACKGROUND: Ileosigmoid knotting is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction with a rapidly progressive course, for which expedient surgical intervention is required to avoid mortality. METHOD: A combined retrospective and prospective analysis was performed on 16 patients operated on at PGH with an operative diagnosis of ileosigmoid knotting between February 2011 and April 2016. Data inclusive of demographics, time to presentation and surgery, preoperative diagnostic accuracy, incidence of septic shock and mortality was collected...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876575/neonatal-surgery-a-study-of-two-years-at-nelson-mandela-academic-hospital-mthatha-eastern-cape
#7
A Delgado, A Cejas, D Bangasa
BACKGROUND: Advances in diagnostic techniques and perioperative care have greatly improved the outcome of neonatal surgery. Despite this, disparity still exists in the outcome of neonatal surgery between developed and developing countries. METHOD: We performed a prospective study of neonates admitted and treated due to surgical congenital diseases and other conditions in our hospital from April 2015 to April 2017. RESULTS: There were 19 (28,7%) females and 47 (70,3%) males in this group...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872570/when-fever-leukocytosis-and-right-lower-quadrant-pain-is-not-appendicitis
#8
Jeanette Kurbedin, Lawrence Haines, Marla C Levine, Eitan Dickman
Mesenteric cystic lymphangioma (MCL) is an uncommon, benign, slow-growing abdominal tumor that is derived from the lymphatic vessels (World J Gastroenterol. 2012;18:6328-6332, Radiographics. 1994;14:729-737). It is most often diagnosed in the head and neck of affected children. Rarely, a lymphangioma can develop within the small bowel (Pan Afr Med J. 2012;12:7). The clinical presentation of patients with an abdominal MCL can range from asymptomatic to acute abdominal pain (J Korean Surg Soc. 2012;83:102-106)...
September 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871811/imaging-of-uncommon-causes-of-large-bowel-obstruction
#9
Alexander S Somwaru, Shaile Philips
OBJECTIVE: The most common causes of large-bowel obstruction (LBO) are colon carcinoma and volvulus. Nevertheless, the increased frequency of the condition and widespread use of diagnostic imaging have revealed uncommon causes of LBO. We review the imaging features of the unusual causes of LBO on several imaging modalities, with particular emphasis on CT, along with the current literature. CONCLUSION: We propose an algorithmic approach to the radiologic evaluation of the uncommon causes of LBO...
September 5, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866623/epidemiology-management-and-outcome-of-ultrashort-bowel-syndrome-in-infancy
#10
REVIEW
Akshay Batra, Simon Charlie Keys, Mark John Johnson, Robert A Wheeler, Robert Mark Beattie
Ultrashort bowel syndrome (USBS) is a group of heterogeneous disorders where the length of small bowel is less than 10 cm or 10% of expected for the age. It is caused by massive loss of the gut which in the neonatal period can be a result of vanishing gastroschisis or surgical resection following mid-gut volvulus, jejunoileal atresia and/or extensive necrotising enterocolitis. The exact prevalence of USBS is not known although there is a clear trend towards increasing numbers because of increased incidence and improved survival...
September 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862055/elastotic-lesions-of-intestinal-subserosal-fat-report-of-two-cases
#11
Aaron R Huber, Raul S Gonzalez
We report 2 unusual elastotic lesions of intestinal subserosal fat. The first arose in the small bowel subserosa of a 64-year-old woman with volvulus. It was undetected macroscopically and consisted of a relatively circumscribed focus of elastosis, with essentially no evidence of fibrosis or blood vessel walls within. The second arose in the subserosa of the sigmoid colon in a 46-year-old woman with recurrent diverticulitis. It was also undetected macroscopically and consisted of a well-circumscribed nodule of elastic fibers surrounding prominent veins and arteries...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846501/rapid-source-control-laparotomy-is-there-a-mortality-benefit
#12
James Vogler, Laura Bagwell, Leslie Hart, Sharon Holmes, Jason Sciaretta, John Mihran Davis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence rapid source-control laparotomy (RSCL) has on the mortality rate in non-trauma patients with intra-abdominal infection. The hypothesis was that RSCL reduces deaths and hospital lengths of stay (LOS) in patients compared with definitive repair and primary fascial closure (PFC). METHODS: The International Classification of Diseases-10 codes for sepsis, gastric and duodenal ulcer perforation or hemorrhage, incisional or ventral hernia with obstruction, intestinal volvulus, ileus with obstruction, diverticulitis with perforation or abscess, vascular disorder of intestine, non-traumatic intestinal perforation, peritoneal abscess, and unspecified peritonitis were used to query the 2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) database for all patients treated with either RSCL or PFC...
August 28, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833166/gastric-dilation-volvulus-in-dogs-attending-uk-emergency-care-veterinary-practices-prevalence-risk-factors-and-survival
#13
D G O'Neill, J Case, A K Boag, D B Church, P D McGreevy, P C Thomson, D C Brodbelt
OBJECTIVE: To report prevalence, risk factors and clinical outcomes for presumptive gastric dilation-volvulus diagnosed among an emergency-care population of UK dogs. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional design using emergency-care veterinary clinical records from the VetCompass Programme spanning September 1, 2012 to February 28, 2014 and risk factor analysis using multivariable logistic regression modelling. RESULTS: The study population comprised 77,088 dogs attending 50 Vets Now clinics...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831323/malrotation-induced-small-intestine-ischemia-in-an-adolescent
#14
Karadeniz Erdem, Atamanalp Selçuk Sabri
Intestinal malrotation occurs if midgut does not complete or partially completes its 270° counter-clockwise rotation around the superior mesenteric artery during embryologic life. In general, it frequently manifests with vomiting due to duodenal obstruction and volvulus in the initial months of life, and it is very rare to manifest in the adulthood. A 20-year-old male patient who had severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and distention for one day was evaluated at the emergency department. On abdominal tomography "swirling appearance of structures around the superior mesenteric artery" was reported...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828685/modern-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hiatal-hernias
#15
REVIEW
Steve R Siegal, James P Dolan, John G Hunter
PURPOSE: Hiatal hernias are a common finding on radiographic or endoscopic studies. Hiatal hernias may become symptomatic or, less frequently, can incarcerate or become a volvulus leading to organ ischemia. This review examines latest evidence on the diagnostic workup and management of hiatal hernias. METHODS: A literature review of contemporary and latest studies with highest quality of evidence was completed. This information was examined and compiled in review format...
August 21, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828112/small-bowel-volvulus-around-caesarian-section-scar-adhesions
#16
Adam Wright, Suzanne Chong, Jonathon Willatt
Small bowel obstruction secondary to adhesions is a recognized complication of Caesarian section. However, obstruction due to small bowel volvulus caused by adhesions at the Caesarian-section scar has not been reported. We report such a case identified on computed tomography. We review the literature on small bowel volvulus in pregnant patients and discuss the computed tomography findings.
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827913/a-case-of-organo-axial-gastric-volvulus-following-laparoscopic-fundoplication-a-case-report
#17
J S Rajkumar, G Venkatesan, Anirudh Rajkumar, R Prabhakaran, S Akbar
Organo-axial gastric volvulus is a rare postoperative complication of stomach surgeries. A case is presented in which a 43-year-old patient developed acute gastric volvulus 14 months after a laparoscopic fundoplication, diagnosed by preoperative CT scan, and treated by reduction of the volvulus, closing the gap in the pars flaccida, and a sham gastro-jejunostomy, all done laparoscopically. This is being published to highlight one of the rare complications of gastric surgery, which can be treated successfully with the laparoscope...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827911/short-bowel-syndrome-an-uncommon-clinical-entity-and-a-therapeutic-challenge-our-experience-and-review-of-literature
#18
Lalit Aggarwal, Swati Sattavan, Romesh Lal, Deborshi Sharma, Saurabh Borgharia, Nishit Shrivastava, Rama Alagappan, Ranvir Singh
Short bowel syndrome (SBS), one of the commonest types of intestinal failure, usually secondary to extensive bowel resection, traditionally has been associated with a high mortality rate and hence a big challenge for the treating surgeons. It requires comprehensive clinical care to minimise the morbidities and mortality associated with the condition. We report a retrospective review of a series of seven patients with SBS, who presented at our surgical emergency within a period of 1 year and their outcome so as to encourage others in managing such a challenge with more positive mindsets...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822372/midgut-volvulus-in-adults-with-congenital-intestinal-malrotation
#19
Kayla Smith, Patricia Martinez-Quinones, Michael Hawkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820716/evaluation-of-community-directed-operation-of-black-fly-traps-for-entomological-surveillance-of-onchocerca-volvulus-transmission-in-the-madi-mid-north-focus-of-onchocerciasis-in-northern-uganda
#20
Denis Loum, Charles R Katholi, Thomson Lakwo, Peace Habomugisha, Edridah M Tukahebwa, Thomas R Unnasch
Entomological measures of transmission are important metrics specified by the World Health Organization to document the suppression and interruption of transmission of Onchocerca volvulus, the causative agent of onchocerciasis. These metrics require testing of large numbers of vector black flies. Black fly collection has relied on human landing collections, which are inefficient and potentially hazardous. As the focus of the international community has shifted from onchocerciasis control to elimination, replacement of human landing collections has become a priority...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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