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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774301/-mansonella-perstans-onchocerca-volvulus-and-strongyloides-stercoralis-infections-in-rural-populations-in-central-and-southern-togo
#1
Francois Korbmacher, Kossi Komlan, Richard G Gantin, Wiyao P Poutouli, Koffi Padjoudoum, Potchoziou Karabou, Peter T Soboslay, Carsten Köhler
Background: Mansonella perstans , Onchocerca volvulus and Strongyloides stercoralis are widespread helminth parasites in the tropics. Their distribution remains difficult to determine as it may change during national disease control programs and with regional mass drug administration (MDA). Epidemiological surveys are of importance to evaluate the geographical distribution of these helminth parasites and the diseases they may cause, however, up to date epidemiological evaluations on M...
May 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764844/second-look-laparostomy-for-perforated-gangrenous-gastric-volvulus-to-prevent-total-gastrectomy
#2
Paul K Okeny, Omar Abbassi, Ali Warsi
A 42-year-old Caucasian woman presented to the emergency department with severe upper abdominal pain and vomiting. Clinically, she was septic, and abdominal examination suggested peritonitis. Following immediate resuscitation, the patient was stabilised and underwent urgent contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen and pelvis. This revealed a mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus with traction on the mesentery and a small volume of free fluid. She underwent laparotomy revealing gangrenous gastric fundus perforation complicated by persistent intraoperative hypotension...
May 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756986/-dietetic-treatment-with-fructose-in-a-5-year-old-girl-with-recurrent-d-lactic-acidosis
#3
Lourdes Travieso Suárez, Pilar Quijada Fraile, Consuelo Pedrón Giner
D-lactic acidosis is an infrequent complication, mainly reported in patients with short bowel syndrome. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of encephalopathy with elevated serum D-lactic acid, usually associating metabolic acidosis. The presence of D-lactate-producing bacteria is necessary for the development of this complication. Other factors, such as the ingestion of large amounts of carbohydrates or reduced intestinal motility, contribute to D-lactic acidosis. We report a case of recurrent D-lactic acidosis in a 5-year-old girl with short bowel syndrome, due to a midgut volvulus...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755909/malrotation-of-the-gut-in-adults-an-often-forgotten-entity
#4
Sushant Bhatia, Sudhir Jain, Chandra B Singh, Lovenish Bains, Rohit Kaushik, Nishant S Gowda
Malrotation of the gut is a common paediatric condition that usually presents in the first month of life. However, presentation in adults is rare, and as a diagnostic dilemma quite often surprises the surgeon intraoperatively. If this condition is not timely recognized, it may result in disastrous consequences, such as gangrene of the small gut. We present the case of a 21-year-old male who presented to the emergency room with recurrent episodes of colicky abdominal pain and bilious vomiting. Contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) revealed malrotation of the gut...
March 12, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755908/gastric-volvulus-a-rare-entity-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Aisha Akhtar, Fasih Sami Siddiqui, Abdul Ahad E Sheikh, Abu Baker Sheikh, Abhilash Perisetti
Gastric volvulus is a rare entity defined as an abnormal rotation of the stomach around itself. It is a diagnosis of exclusion; the clinical index of suspicion is always low and is mostly diagnosed on imaging or on the surgery table. When it occurs, it is an emergency due to the risk of strangulation and consequent gangrene of the stomach. Mesentero-axial (MA) gastric volvuli constitute one-third of all cases. Here, we are present an interesting case of acute MA gastric volvulus diagnosed with imaging and treated subsequently...
March 12, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754868/attitudes-surrounding-the-management-of-neonates-with-severe-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#6
Gillian C Pet, Ryan M McAdams, Lilah Melzer, Assaf P Oron, Simon P Horslen, Adam Goldin, Patrick J Javid
OBJECTIVES: To assess providers' recommendations as to comfort care versus medical and surgical management in clinical scenarios of newborns with severe bowel loss and to assess how a variety of factors influence providers' decision making. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a survey of pediatric surgeons and neonatologists via the American Pediatric Surgical Association and American Academy of Pediatrics Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. We examined how respondents' recommendations were affected by a variety of patient and provider factors...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749331/colonoscopic-decompression-of-childhood-sigmoid-and-cecal-volvulus
#7
Iraj Shahramian, Ali Bazil, Danial Ebadati, Karim Rostami, Mojtaba Delaramnasab
Cases of colonic volvulus in children are infrequently described in the literature. Here we describe the case of three patients with colonic volvulus. The first patient was a 10-year-old girl with abdominal dilation and pain and no bowel movement for 48 h. Her abdominal X-ray showed the coffee bean sign adjacent to the diaphragm, which was compatible with a diagnosis of cecal volvulus. The second patient was a 4-year-old boy with a history of chronic constipation during the past year and with no bowel movement for 24 h...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740967/role-of-the-ultrasonographic-whirlpool-sign-in-intestinal-volvulus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Callistus O A Enyuma, Ahmed Adam, Sunday J Aigbodion, Jared McDowall, Louis Gerber, Sean Buchanan, Abdullah E Laher
BACKGROUND: Intestinal volvulus is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when loops of bowel twist around its supporting mesentery and associated vasculature. Clinicians often rely on various radiological investigations for prompt diagnosis to avoid complications such as bowel infarction. This review assesses the clinical reliability of the ultrasonographic whirlpool sign (WS) in the diagnosis of intestinal volvulus. METHODS: In adherence with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analyses) statement, a systematic search of BMJ Best Practice, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases was performed (August 2017), using relevant search terms...
May 8, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737312/laparoscopic-steering-wheel-derotation-technique-for-midgut-volvulus-in-children-with-intestinal-malrotation
#9
Vikesh Agrawal, Abhishek Tiwari, Himanshu Acharya, Rajesh Mishra, Dhananjaya Sharma
Introduction: Since the first description by William Ladd, the Ladd's procedure has been the surgery of choice for the correction of malrotation. The laparoscopic Ladd's procedure is becoming popular with the advent of minimal access surgery and is described in the literature. Various techniques of the Ladd's procedure have been described but none of them describes the stepwise technique for derotation of volvulus which is the most difficult and confusing part of the surgery. We describe 'steering wheel' technique for easy derotation of volvulus associated with malrotation...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737310/is-laparoscopic-approach-for-wandering-spleen-in-children-an-option
#10
REVIEW
Gratiana Oana Alqadi, Amulya K Saxena
Aim: Wandering spleen present generally as an acute abdomen after twisting of the splenic vascular pedicle. This study aimed to review the literature with regard to the management and outcomes of the laparoscopy in children with wandering spleen. Methods: The literature was reviewed for articles on PubMed with regard to the following search terms 'laparoscopy', 'wandering', 'spleen' and 'children'. The inclusion criteria included article only in the paediatric age group of 0-16...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716541/onchocerca-infected-cattle-produce-strong-antibody-responses-to-excretory-secretory-proteins-released-from-adult-male-onchocerca-ochengi-worms
#11
Djafsia Boursou, Dieudonné Ndjonka, Albert Eisenbarth, Kingsley Manchang, Archille Paguem, Nancy Ngwafu Ngwasiri, Jacqueline Dikti Vildina, Babette Abanda, Ralf Krumkamp, Silke van Hoorn, Alfons Renz, Mbunkah Daniel Achukwi, Eva Liebau, Norbert W Brattig
BACKGROUND: The front line molecules from filarial worms and other nematodes or helminthes are their Excretory-Secretory (ES) products. Their interaction with the host cells, proteins and immune system accounts for the skin and eye pathology or hyposensitivity observed in human onchocerciasis. ES products and adult worms' crude extracts from Onchocerca ochengi, a filarial nematode that infects the African zebu cattle, were utilized in the present study as a model for studying Onchocerca volvulus that causes river blindness in man...
May 2, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693636/spore-acquisition-and-survival-of-ambrosia-beetles-associated-with-the-laurel-wilt-pathogen-in-avocados-after-exposure-to-entomopathogenic-fungi
#12
Pasco B Avery, Verónica Bojorque, Cecilia Gámez, Rita E Duncan, Daniel Carrillo, Ronald D Cave
Laurel wilt is a disease threatening the avocado industry in Florida. The causative agent of the disease is a fungus vectored by ambrosia beetles that bore into the trees. Until recently, management strategies for the vectors of the laurel wilt fungus relied solely on chemical control and sanitation practices. Beneficial entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) are the most common and prevalent natural enemies of pathogen vectors. Laboratory experiments demonstrated that commercial strains of EPF can increase the mortality of the primary vector, Xyleborus glabratus , and potential alternative vectors, Xylosandrus crassiusculus , Xyleborus volvulus and Xyleborus bispinatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae)...
April 25, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690907/elimination-of-onchocerciasis-in-ecuador-findings-of-post-treatment-surveillance
#13
Ángel Guevara, Raquel Lovato, Roberto Proaño, Mario A Rodriguez-Perez, Thomas Unnasch, Philip J Cooper, Ronald H Guderian
BACKGROUND: The Esmeraldas focus of onchocerciasis in Ecuador expanded geographically during the 1980s and was associated with severe ocular and skin disease. Mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin started in 1991, initially once but later twice a year, in the principle endemic focus followed by all satellite foci. Treatment was stopped in 2009 when entomological assessments determined that transmission of Onchocerca volvulus had been interrupted. METHODS: Three years after the cessation of ivermectin treatment in 2012, as defined by the WHO guidelines for onchocerciasis elimination, blackfly collections were done in four sentinel sites in former hyperendemic areas...
April 24, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686994/cell-free-dna-high-mobility-group-box-1-and-procalcitonin-concentrations-in-dogs-with-gastric-dilatation-volvulus-syndrome
#14
Roberta Troia, Massimo Giunti, Stefano Calipa, Robert Goggs
Canine gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) is a life-threatening disease characterized by extensive tissue ischemia, tissue hypoperfusion, and systemic inflammation. Biomarkers that better reflect the severity of gastric necrosis and systemic inflammation would aid clinicians in the management of these patients. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of cell-free DNA (cfDNA), high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), and procalcitonin (PCT) in dogs with GDV. Concentrations of cfDNA, HMGB1, and PCT were measured in citrated plasma samples collected from 29 dogs with GDV at hospital admission...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686912/recurrent-volvulus-during-pregnancy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Layan Alrahmani, Jaclyn Rivington, Carl H Rose
Introduction: Sigmoid colon volvulus (SV) represents the most common etiology of antepartum gastrointestinal obstruction, with repetitive antepartum episodes rarely reported. Case Presentation: A 25-year-old multiparous patient with history of SV at 26 weeks in her previous pregnancy presented with recurrent episodes of SV at 32 0/7, 32 4/7, 37 0/7, and 38 1/7 weeks successfully managed with colonoscopic decompression. Labor was successfully induced at 38 4/7 weeks, and she experienced two further episodes on postpartum days #1 and #32 also treated with colonoscopic decompression, followed by laparoscopic resection...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682292/plasma-procalcitonin-concentrations-are-increased-in-dogs-with-sepsis
#16
Robert Goggs, Matthew Milloway, Roberta Troia, Massimo Giunti
Sepsis, the life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection, is difficult to identify and to prognosticate for. In people with sepsis, procalcitonin (PCT) measurement aids diagnosis, enables therapeutic monitoring and improves prognostic accuracy. This study used a commercial canine PCT assay to measure plasma PCT concentrations in dogs with gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) syndrome and in dogs with sepsis. It was hypothesised that dogs with GDV syndrome and with sepsis have greater plasma PCT concentrations than healthy dogs and that dogs with sepsis have greater PCT concentrations than dogs with GDV syndrome...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681694/laparoscopic-ladd-s-procedure-in-children-challenges-results-and-problems
#17
A Suyodhan Reddy, Rasik S Shah, Dattaguru R Kulkarni
Background: Laparoscopic correction of malrotation in children is challenging. Authors review their experience with indications, results and problems of laparoscopic correction of malrotation. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 41 cases of children who were diagnosed as Intestinal malrotation on clinical and radiological evaluation. Results: Successful laparoscopic Ladd's procedure was accomplished in 35 cases. There were six conversions to open surgery...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681418/sigmoid-volvulus-in-pregnancy
#18
Marc Tesnière, Axelle Arnoult, Natacha Roger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675704/partnerships-between-ambrosia-beetles-and-fungi-lineage-specific-promiscuity-among-vectors-of-the-laurel-wilt-pathogen-raffaelea-lauricola
#19
J R Saucedo-Carabez, Randy C Ploetz, J L Konkol, D Carrillo, R Gazis
Nutritional mutualisms that ambrosia beetles have with fungi are poorly understood. Although these interactions were initially thought to be specific associations with a primary symbiont, there is increasing evidence that some of these fungi are associated with, and move among, multiple beetle partners. We examined culturable fungi recovered from mycangia of ambrosia beetles associated with trees of Persea humilis (silk bay, one site) and P. americana (avocado, six commercial orchards) that were affected by laurel wilt, an invasive disease caused by a symbiont, Raffaelea lauricola, of an Asian ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus...
April 20, 2018: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674606/hirschsprung-s-disease-related-giant-sigmoid-volvulus-complicated-by-refractory-hypertension-in-an-elderly-man
#20
Shaohan Wu, Xiaofang Sun, Yawei Yu, Yiyu Shen
BACKGROUND Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is a life-threatening condition occasionally seen in adults. Adult Hirschsprung's disease (HD)-related SV is rarely complicated by difficult-to-control hypertension. In this report we present the case of an elderly man with a rare constellation of HD, SV, and refractory hypertension. CASE REPORT An 82-year-old man had long-term constipation, moderate abdominal pain, and progressive abdominal distension. A CT scan revealed the typical "coffee bean sign". Blood pressure was abnormal high...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
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