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Volvulus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637545/a-strangulated-cecal-volvulus-through-the-foramen-of-winslow-a-rare-presentation-of-internal-herniation
#1
Jonathan Nguyen, K Aviva Bashan, Omar K Danner, Ray L Matthews, Assad Taha, Ed Childs, Peter Rhee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626382/a-symptomatic-coffee-bean-acute-sigmoid-volvulus
#2
Michael Scharl, Luc Biedermann
An acute sigmoid volvulus is due to the torsion of the sigmoid colon around its mesenteric axis. It mainly occurs in elderly patients and represents an abdominal emergency requiring urgent treatment. A 53-year-old male patient with severe craniocerebral injury and traumatic subarachnoidal bleeding 3 weeks prior presented on the ward with distended abdomen without abdominal pain, muscular defense, or resistances. He featured large volume diarrhea within the last few hours without signs of bleeding. A plain abdominal X-ray demonstrated a coffee bean sign indicating a sigmoid volvulus...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619737/acute-massive-gastric-dilatation-causing-ischaemic-necrosis-and-perforation-of-the-stomach
#3
Maitham A Moslim, Jay Mittal, Gavin A Falk, Jeffrey S Ustin, Gareth Morris-Stiff
Acute massive gastric dilatation (AMGD) is a rare distinctive condition but associates with high morbidity and mortality. Though usually seen in patients with eating disorders, many aetiologies of AMGD have been described. The distension has been reported to cause gastric necrosis with or without perforation, usually within 1-2 days of an inciting event of AMGD.We report the case of a 58-year-old male who presented with gastric perforation associated with AMGD 11 days after surgical relief of a proximal small bowel obstruction...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617114/significance-of-chilaiditi-sign-and-chilaiditi-syndrome
#4
Kewal Arunkumar Mistry, Rohit Bhoil, Neeraj Kumar, Rajesh Chopra, Nishant Thapar
Chilaiditi sign and syndrome are uncommon conditions and often misdiagnosed. They are clinically significant, however, because they can result in a range of complications, including bowel volvulus, perforation and obstruction. When patients are symptomatic, treatment is usually conservative and surgery is rarely indicated unless there is a suspicion of ischaemia, or if conservative management does not resolve other signs and symptoms. This article describes Chilaiditi sign and syndrome, and presents four case studies to illustrate the relevant signs and symptoms...
June 15, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611561/a-rare-cause-of-right-sided-air-bubble-on-chest-radiograph-intrathoracic-gastric-volvulus-related-to-morgagni-hernia
#5
Abdurrahman Sahin, Hakan Artas, Mehmet Yalniz
Morgagni hernia is a rare disorder in adulthood, and most of the cases are asymptomatic. Symptomatic cases are extremely rare and present with life-threatening complications. Early diagnosis and surgery are lifesaving. We hereby present an adult case of symptomatic Morgagni hernia. Diaphragmatic herniation of the stomach and mesenteroaxial rotation led to intrathoracic gastric volvulus in this case. A right-sided air bubble on a chest radiogram was the only finding leading to the suspicion of diaphragmatic hernia...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600214/validation-of-onchocerciasis-biomarker-n-acetyltyramine-o-glucuronide-natog
#6
Daniel Globisch, Lisa M Eubanks, Ryan J Shirey, Kenneth M Pfarr, Samuel Wanji, Alexander Y Debrah, Achim Hoerauf, Kim D Janda
The Neglected Tropical Disease onchocerciasis is a parasitic disease. Despite many control programmes by the World Health Organization (WHO), large communities in West and Central Africa are still affected. Besides logistic challenges during biannual mass drug administration, the lack of a robust, point-of-care diagnostic is limiting successful eradication of onchocerciasis. Towards the implementation of a non-invasive and point-of-care diagnostic, we have recently reported the discovery of the biomarker N-acetyltyramine-O-glucuronide (NATOG) in human urine samples using a metabolomics-mining approach...
May 29, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596064/nodding-syndrome-in-the-spotlight-placing-recent-findings-in-perspective
#7
Peter S Spencer, Erich Schmutzhard, Andrea S Winkler
Nodding syndrome (NS) is a debated scientific topic. A recently published study suggests that NS is an autoimmune disorder based on findings of cross-reacting antibodies between neuronal structures and a protein present in Onchocerca volvulus (OV). In our opinion, the proposed causal relationship between OV infection and NS has yet to be demonstrated and, instead, OV infection in NS may be opportunistic.
May 14, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576473/-the-vomiting-infant-when-should-intestinal-volvulus-be-suspected
#8
Bárbara Moreno Sanz-Gadea, Clara Udaondo Gascón, Margarita Sellers Carrera, Julia Martín Sánchez, María de Ceano-Vivas La Calle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565789/abdominal-ultrasonography-for-patients-with-abdominal-pain-as-a-first-line-diagnostic-imaging-modality
#9
Minoru Tomizawa, Fuminobu Shinozaki, Rumiko Hasegawa, Yoshinori Shirai, Yasufumi Motoyoshi, Takao Sugiyama, Shigenori Yamamoto, Naoki Ishige
The utility and limitations of abdominal ultrasonography (US) were retrospectively evaluated as a first-line diagnostic imaging modality in patients with abdominal pain. Hospital records from patients subjected to abdominal US as a first-line diagnostic imaging examination at the National Hospital Organization Shimoshizu Hospital (Yotsukaido, Japan) from April 2010 to April 2015 were analyzed. Only those patients who underwent abdominal US to diagnose abdominal symptoms were included in the present study. All patients with prior diagnostic imaging examination findings were excluded from the study in order to reduce bias of results...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560045/correlation-of-neuter-status-and-expression-of-heritable-disorders
#10
Janelle M Belanger, Thomas P Bellumori, Danika L Bannasch, Thomas R Famula, Anita M Oberbauer
BACKGROUND: Gonadectomy, or neutering, is a very common surgery for dogs having many positive effects on behavior, health, and longevity. There are also certain risks associated with neutering including the development of orthopedic conditions, cognitive decline, and a predisposition to some neoplasias. This study was designed specifically to identify if a correlation exists between neuter status and inherited conditions in a large aggregate cohort of dogs representing many different breeds...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560023/malrotation-with-midgut-volvulus-in-an-adult-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Adrian T Fung, David E Konkin, Zaheer S Kanji
We report a case of a 53-year-old male who presented with acute onset right upper quadrant (RUQ) abdominal pain with investigations demonstrating malrotation causing midgut volvulus and subsequent intestinal obstruction. The patient was consented for an emergent operation and underwent an exploratory laparotomy. Operative findings included the presence of adhesive bands in the RUQ (Ladd's Band), volvulus of the mid-portion of the small bowel in a clockwise fashion and multiple intra-abdominal adhesions causing internal hernias...
May 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547930/orbit-technique-in-malrotation-with-non-obstructive-volvulus-a-novel-technique-of-devolvulation
#12
Sundeep Kisku
INTRODUCTION: Volvulus may be noted in up to two-thirds of cases involving malrotation beyond infancy. Laparoscopic devolvulation has been described as a frustrating procedure because of restricted visualization. Here, a setup and technique that address these concerns are proposed. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Three boys (median age: 7 years) who had been diagnosed preoperatively with malrotation underwent laparoscopic exploration and devolvulation for volvulus found intraoperatively...
May 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543045/colonic-or-ileocecocolic-volvulus-in-13-dogs-2005-2016
#13
Tanja Plavec, Stefan Rupp, Martin Kessler
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and clinicopathological features of colonic or ileocecocolic volvulus (CV/ICV) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirteen dogs with surgically confirmed CV/ICV. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for signalment, medical history, clinical signs, laboratory data, radiographic findings, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS: All cases consisted of large-breed dogs (median weight 37...
May 20, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540098/combined-treatment-of-a-gallbladder-volvulus-with-a-common-bile-duct-obstruction
#14
M Laydi, K Charpentier, B Paquette, B Heyd
Gallbladder volvulus is a rare disease and can lead to an acute cholecystitis. We report the case of an elderly woman with a gallbladder volvulus, diagnosed at CT scan and treated by surgery and endoscopic sphincterotomy.
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539037/small-bowel-obstruction-caused-by-aloe-vera-bezoars-a-case-report
#15
In Taik Hong, Jae Myung Cha, Hye Jin Ki, Min Seob Kwak, Jin Young Yoon, Hyun Phil Shin, Jung Won Jeoun, Sung Il Choi
Small bowel obstruction is a clinical condition commonly caused by postoperative adhesion, volvulus, intussusceptions, and hernia. Small bowel obstruction due to bezoars is clinically uncommon, accounting for approximately 2-4% of all obstructions. Computed tomography (CT) is a useful method in diagnosing the cause of small bowel obstruction. However, small bowel obstruction caused by bezoars may not be detected by an abdominal CT examination. Herein, we report a rare case of small bowel obstruction by Aloe vera bezoars, which were undetected by an abdominal CT...
May 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538604/acute-gastric-volvulus-successfully-treated-by-endoscopic-reduction-in-a-6-year-old-girl-and-a-review-of-the-japanese-literature
#16
Mitsuhiro Haga, Nobuyuki Sano, Takamichi Kamiyama, Naohiro Dairaku, Mari Ishii, Teruko Nemoto, Hoshiro Suzuki, Hiromi Fujie, Jun Suzuki
A previously healthy 6-year-old girl suddenly developed severe abdominal pain and nausea. She was diagnosed with acute gastric volvulus, and a nasogastric tube was inserted to decompress the stomach. The volvulus did not reduce spontaneously; therefore, we performed endoscopic reduction on day 3 and were able to treat her successfully. We reviewed the Japanese literature on endoscopic reduction for gastric volvulus in children. Fifteen cases have been reported since 1994. There are no reports of perforation during the procedure...
May 23, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536223/cardiac-compression-due-to-gastric-volvulus-an-unusual-cause-of-chest-pain
#17
Alex Brown, David Austin, Venkatesh Kanakala
A 42-year-old man was admitted to coronary care for assessment with severe retrosternal chest pain. Echocardiography showed significant external compression of the left atrium. A subsequent CT scan revealed him to have a large hiatus hernia, with most of his stomach herniating into his thorax causing left atrial compression and gastric volvulus. He subsequently underwent successful emergency decompression of the gastric volvulus and repair of his hiatus hernia.
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534559/-gastric-volvulus-an-infrequent-cause-of-acute-abdominal-pain
#18
D Ruiz-Clavijo García, A Zuñiga Ripa, L Casanova Ortíz, I García de Eulate Martín-Moro, B González de la Higuera Carnicer, J Urman Fernández
Gastric volvulus (GV) is characterized by the abnormal rotation of a portion of the stomach around a horizontal or vertical axis that can cause obstruction, vascular disorder and even strangulation, and may evolve into necrosis or even perforation. It can be classified according to its aetiology into primary or secondary GV, according to its anatomy into axial organ or into axial mesenteric GV, and according to its presentation into chronic or acute GV. Both types of volvulus require treatment; however, in spite of the classic treatment being open surgery, there is no standard treatment, nor is there consensus on the alternative of choice at present...
April 30, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522952/clinical-outcomes-of-sigmoid-colon-volvulus-identification-of-the-factors-associated-with-successful-endoscopic-detorsion
#19
Tomoya Iida, Suguru Nakagaki, Shuji Satoh, Haruo Shimizu, Hiroyuki Kaneto, Hiroshi Nakase
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although multiple treatment options exist for the management of sigmoid colon volvulus, no study has examined the factors associated with successful endoscopic detorsion. This study aimed to examine the clinical course of patients with sigmoid colon volvulus and to identify factors related to successful endoscopic detorsion. METHODS: This study included 30 cases (21 patients) of sigmoid volvulus from among 545 cases of intestinal obstruction at a single center...
April 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522281/ladd-procedure-for-malrotation-with-total-intestinal-volvulus
#20
V Tan, H Kotobi, Y Parc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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