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Laura Miller, Gerardo J Pacheco, Jud C Janak, Rose C Grimm, Nicole A Dierschke, Janice Baker, Jean A Orman
Background: Military working dogs (MWDs) are a major asset in the theater of operations. Their unique abilities make them ideal for tasks such as tracking, patrol, and scent detection. MWDs deployed to a war zone are exposed to harsh environments and battlefield dangers that increase their risk of disease, injuries, and death. Although canines have been used extensively in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), no published studies have reported detailed causes of death among MWDs deployed to these conflicts...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Maria J Gonzalez-Moa, Bieke Van Dorst, Ole Lagatie, Ann Verheyen, Lieven Stuyver, Marco A Biamonte
Three O. volvulus immunogenic peptide sequences recently discovered by peptide microarray were adapted to a lateral flow assay (LFA). The LFA employs gold nanoshells as novel high-contrast reporter nanoparticles and detects a serological response against the 3 peptides, found in OvOC9384, OvOC198, and OvOC5528, respectively. When tested on 118 sera from O. volvulus infected patients and 208 control sera, the LFA was 90, 63, and 98% sensitive for each peptide, respectively, and 99-100% specific vs. samples from healthy volunteers...
March 16, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
M Yasar, I Erdi, B Kaya
AIM: We investigated the effects of atorvastatin and N-acetyl cysteine in decreasing ischemia-reperfusion damage after detorsion of a volvulus of the cecum and ascending colon. METHODS: Wistar albino rats (250-300 g) were divided into four groups. A cecal-ascending colon volvulus was created by the intestinal clockwise 720° rotation. At the end of one hour, the bowel was detorsioned. Group I (n = 7) was the sham (laparotomy) group, Group II (n = 7) the control (no treatment, volvulus or detorsion), Group III (n = 7) (N-acetyl cysteine administered ) , and Group IV (n = 7) (atorvastatin administered ) group...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Lee E Palmer
The intent of the Operational K9 (OpK9) ongoing series is to provide the Special Operations Medical Association community with clinical concepts and scientific information on preventive and prehospital emergency care relevant to the OpK9. Often the only medical support immediately available for an injured or ill OpK9 in the field is their handler or the human Special Operations Combat Medic or civilian tactical medic attached to the team (e.g., Pararescueman, 18D, SWAT medic). The information is applicable to personnel operating within the US Special Operations Command as well as civilian Tactical Emergency Medical Services communities that may have the responsibility of supporting an OpK9...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Amit Surve, Daniel Cottam, Andres Sanchez-Pernaute, Antonio Torres, Joshua Roller, Yong Kwon, Joshua Mourot, Bleu Schniederjan, Bo Neichoy, Paul Enochs, Michael Tyner, Jon Bruce, Scott Bovard, Mitchell Roslin, Muhammad Jawad, Andre Teixeira, Myur Srikanth, Jason Free, Hinali Zaveri, David Pilati, Jamie Bull, LeGrand Belnap, Christina Richards, Walter Medlin, Rena Moon, Austin Cottam, Sarah Sabrudin, Samuel Cottam, Aneesh Dhorepatil
BACKGROUND: The single-anastomosis duodenal switch procedure is a type of duodenal switch that involves a loop anastomosis rather than traditional Roux-en-Y reconstruction. To date, there have been no multicenter studies looking at the complications associated with post-pyloric loop reconstruction. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to report the incidence of complications associated with loop duodeno-ileostomy (DI) following single-anastomosis duodenal switch (SADS) procedures...
February 2, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Octavio Menocal, Paul E Kendra, Wayne S Montgomery, Jonathan H Crane, Daniel Carrillo
Ambrosia beetles have emerged as significant pests of avocado ((Persea americana Mill. [Laurales: Lauraceae])) due to their association with pathogenic fungal symbionts, most notably Raffaelea lauricola T.C. Harr., Fraedrich & Aghayeva (Ophiostomatales: Ophiostomataceae), the causal agent of the laurel wilt (LW) disease. We evaluated the interaction of ambrosia beetles with host avocado trees by documenting their flight height and daily flight periodicity in Florida orchards with LW. Flight height was assessed passively in three avocado orchards by using ladder-like arrays of unbaited sticky traps arranged at three levels (low: 0-2 m; middle: 2-4 m; high: 4-6 m)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Carmen Payá-Llorente, Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Segundo A Gómez-Abril, Ernesto Armañanzas-Villena
A 54-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department with a 2-week history of alimentary vomiting. She had undergone laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding 6 years earlier. CT revealed a mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus and ischemia on the gastric wall. Emergent diagnostic laparoscopy was performed, and severe peritonitis and gastric necrosis caused by volvulation was found. After band removal, a fundal perforation was noted, but a viable lesser curvature enabled laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy to be performed...
March 7, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
A d'Alessandro, N Kari, A Alameh, N Pasquier, A Tarhini, B Vinson Bonnet, R Noun, E Chouillard
BACKGROUND: The umbilicus, an embryological natural orifice, is increasingly used as the only access route during single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for colorectal disease. As a part of some of these procedures, a temporary, diverting ostomy could be exteriorized through the umbilicus itself. Theoretical advantages include better preservation of the abdominal wall and potentially superior cosmetic results. The aim of the present study was to evaluate our preliminary experience in SILS colorectal resection with umbilical stoma (u-stoma)...
March 6, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
Mohammed A K Mahdy, Rashad Abdul-Ghani, Thaker A A Abdulrahman, Samira M A Al-Eryani, Abdulsalam M Al-Mekhlafi, Sami A A Alhaidari, Ahmed A Azazy
BACKGROUND: Onchocerciasis in Yemen is one of the most neglected diseases, where baseline estimates of onchocerciasis and monitoring of the impact of ivermectin regularly administered to the affected individuals on its transmission are lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the anti-Ov16 IgG4 seroprevalence among local communities of Hodeidah and Al-Mahwit governorates of Tihama Region. The factors possibly associated with previous exposure to infection were also studied. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two ivermectin-targeted districts endemic for onchocerciasis in Hodeidah and Al-Mahwit and two untargeted districts with unknown previous endemicity in Hodeidah between February and July 2017...
March 5, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Danielle P Thurtle, Michael B Huck, Kristen A Zeller, Tamison Jewett
BACKGROUND: Trisomy 13 is one of the most common autosomal trisomies, and although increasing in number, patients surviving past the neonatal period remain rare. The natural history and expected complications in these patients as they age remains unknown. Despite the rarity of this condition, unusual malignancies have been reported in the medical literature for decades. It is clear that providers should suspect unusual malignancies in these patients, particularly as they age. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 20-year-old Caucasian woman with Trisomy 13 who presented with colonic volvulus, found to have colonic polyposis and adenocarcinoma of the colon...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Anilawan Smitthimedhin, Angela Suarez, Ryan L Webb, Hansel J Otero
Intestinal malrotation is a continuum of congenital anomalies due to lack of rotation or incomplete rotation of the fetal intestine around the superior mesenteric artery axis. The abnormal bowel fixation (by mesenteric bands) or absence of fixation of portions of the bowel increases the risk of bowel obstruction, acute or chronic volvulus, and bowel necrosis. The clinical presentation of patients with malrotation without, with intermittent, or with chronic volvulus can be problematic, with an important minority presenting late or having atypical or chronic symptoms, such as intermittent vomiting, abdominal pain, duodenal obstruction, or failure to thrive...
March 3, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Kossi Komlan, Patrick S Vossberg, Richard G Gantin, Tchalim Solim, Francois Korbmacher, Méba Banla, Koffi Padjoudoum, Potchoziou Karabou, Carsten Köhler, Peter T Soboslay
BACKGROUND: Mass drug administration (MDA) of ivermectin has become the main intervention to control onchocerciasis or "river blindness". In Togo, after many years of MDA, Onchocerca volvulus infection has declined dramatically, and elimination appears achievable, but in certain river basins the current situation remains unknown. We have conducted parasitological, serological, ophthalmological, and entomological assessments in northern and central Togo within the river basins of Ôti, Kéran and Mô...
March 1, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Dennis Raahave
The objective of this review is to examine whether a redundant colon gives rise to symptoms like constipation and volvulus. In 1820, Monterossi made drawings of colons with displacements and elongation of the colon found during autopsy. In 1912, Kienböeck first visualized a redundant colon using bismuth, and Lardennois and Auborg named the anatomic variant dolichocolon in 1914. The criteria were later: A sigmoid loop rising over the line between the iliac crests, a transverse colon below the same line and extra loops at the flexures...
February 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Sabri Selcuk Atamanalp, Refik Selim Atamanalp
Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is an unusual type of colonic obstruction, in which the sigmoid colon wraps around itself. As a rule, SV is decompressed via endoscopy in uncomplicated cases, while surgery is required in complicated cases. However, the recurrence rate following endoscopic detorsion is relatively high, with a relatively high mortality rate. Consequently, as a prophylactic procedure to prevent recurrence, elective surgery is suggested in some patients. Nevertheless, the selection criteria are open to questioning...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Paola L Minciullo, Antonio Cascio, Sebastiano Gangemi
BACKGROUND: The association between parasites and urticaria was first suggested in the last century. A wide range, 0-75.4%, of the prevalence of parasitic infection has been reported with chronic urticaria (CU). Moreover, urticaria may be detected in patients with parasitosis. Nematodes are a type of helminth that infect hundreds of millions of people throughout the world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to collect and review the published studies and cases of urticaria associated with nematode infections...
March 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Michel Boussinesq, Grace Fobi, Annette C Kuesel
The use of alternative (or complementary) treatment strategies (ATSs) i.e. differing from annual community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) is required in some African foci to eliminate onchocerciasis by 2025. ATSs include vector control, biannual or pluriannual CDTI, better timing of CDTI, community-directed treatment with combinations of currently available anthelminthics or new drugs, and 'test-and-treat' (TNT) strategies requiring diagnosis of infection and/or contraindications to treatment for decisions on who to treat with what regimen...
March 1, 2018: International Health
Maria P Rebollo, Honorat Zoure, Kisito Ogoussan, Yao Sodahlon, Eric A Ottesen, Paul T Cantey
The meaning of 'mapping' in relation to onchocerciasis has changed at least three times over the past 50 years as the programmatic goals and the assessment tools have changed. With the current goal being global elimination of Onchocerca volvulus (OV), all areas where OV might currently be transmitted and where mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin treatment has not been delivered previously must now be identified by careful, detailed 'elimination mapping' as either OV endemic or not, so that appropriate programmatic targets can be established...
March 1, 2018: International Health
Joseph Kamgno, Hugues C Nana-Djeunga, Sébastien D Pion, Cédric B Chesnais, Amy D Klion, Charles D Mackenzie, Thomas B Nutman, Michel Boussinesq
After 30 years of treatment with Mectizan (ivermectin), cutaneous and ocular complications of Onchocerca volvulus infection are now scarce in endemic communities. Indeed, transmission has been interrupted and the O. volvulus- associated disease has disappeared in some African foci. Despite this success, onchocerciasis elimination in Loa loa co-endemic areas is still constrained by severe adverse events (SAEs) occurring after ivermectin treatment in some individuals harbouring very high L. loa microfilaremia...
March 1, 2018: International Health
Mikail Cakir, Dogan Yildirim, Fatma Sarac, Turgut Donmez, Semih Mirapoglu, Adnan Hut, Fazilet Erozgen, Omer Faruk Ozer, Melih Ozgun Gecer, Leyla Zeynep Tigrel, Oguzhan Tas
Purpose/Aim: Acute mesenteric ischemia is a syndrome characterized by sudden onset abdominal pain followed by intestinal necrosis. Morbidity and mortality increase with delayed diagnosis. Even with the latest radiological diagnostic methods, early diagnosis and initiation of treatment can be delayed. Using an experimental model, here we aim to determine the relationship between the laboratory parameters used to detect acute mesenteric ischemia and the duration of irreversible ischemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 male Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups, all of which underwent general anesthesia: (i) Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) dissection with laparotomy was performed, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 2 hr (Sham group); (ii) volvulus of one-third of the small intestines was performed manually by laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 2 hr (Volvulus group); (iii) SMA was ligated with laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 2 hr (SMA+ligated 2-hr group); (iv) SMA was ligated with laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 4 hr (SMA+ligated 4-hr group); and (v) SMA was ligated with laparotomy, and blood samples and intestinal segment samples were taken after 6 hr (SMA+ligated 6-hr group)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Luis A Borda Mederos, Eduardo Junior Kcam Mayorca, Percy Alarcon Aguilar, Luis Miguel Miranda Rosales
OBJECTIVE: The present study describes the medical and surgical management of sigmoid volvulus due to Andean dolicomegacolon in a hospital at an altitude above 3000 m. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive, observational, crosssectional study of 418 patients diagnosed with sigmoid volvulus; Admitted initially due to intestinal obstruction, in the Hospital of Juliaca Carlos Monge. Puno-Perú, during the period 2008-2012. The data were processed through the SPSS software version 21...
October 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
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