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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722605/characterizing-reactivity-to-onchocerca-volvulus-antigens-in-multiplex-bead-assays
#1
Karla R Feeser, Vitaliano Cama, Jeffrey W Priest, Elizabeth A Thiele, Ryan E Wiegand, Thomson Lakwo, Sendeaw M Feleke, Paul T Cantey
Multiplex bead assays (MBAs) may provide a powerful integrated tool for monitoring, evaluation, and post-elimination surveillance of onchocerciasis and co-endemic diseases; however, the specificity and sensitivity of Onchocerca volvulus antigens have not been characterized within this context. An MBA was developed to evaluate three antigens (OV-16, OV-17, and OV-33) for onchocerciasis. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analyses were used to characterize antigen performance using a panel of 610 specimens: 109 O...
July 3, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717065/comparison-of-postoperative-pain-and-inflammation-reaction-in-dogs-undergoing-preventive-laparoscopic-assisted-and-incisional-gastropexy
#2
Tomoya Haraguchi, Shiho Kimura, Harumichi Itoh, Shinpei Nishikawa, Masato Hiyama, Kenji Tani, Toshie Iseri, Yoshiki Itoh, Munekazu Nakaichi, Yasuho Taura, Kazuhito Itamoto
This study compared the effects of postoperative pain and inflammation reaction after preventive laparoscopic-assisted gastropexy (LAG) and incisional gastropexy (IG) in 10 clinically normal Beagles. Surgical time, incision length, visual analog scale (VAS) score, University of Melbourne Pain Scale (UMPS) score, and plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), plasma cortisol (COR), and serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were evaluated. The VAS and UMPS scores and COR and IL-6 levels were recorded at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 18 and 24 hr after surgery...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712196/small-gut-volvulus-a-rare-twist-in-the-setting-of-an-even-rarer-entity-multiple-giant-jejuno-ileal-diverticula
#3
Ayesha Khan, Faheem Khan, Kashif Rafique, Sarwar Khan, Anam Majid, Khalid Khan, Asad Ullah
Small gut volvulus with multiple Jejuno-ileal diverticulosis is an unusual pathology of the small intestine with a scarce number of cases reported so far. It usually goes unnoticed because it is often asymptomatic but complications like diverticulitis, perforation, bleeding or intestinal obstruction can occur in 10-30% of the cases. Mechanical obstruction, if it occurs, can be caused by adhesions or stenosis due to diverticulitis, intussusception at the site of the diverticulum and volvulus of the segment containing the diverticula...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702108/acute-abdomen-in-a-mentally-retarded-patient-cecal-volvulus
#4
Ebubekir Gündeş, Nedim Akgül, Mustafa Mazıcan, Ulaş Aday, Durmuş Ali Çetin, Hüseyin Çiyiltepe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686665/the-esperanza-window-trap-reduces-the-human-biting-rate-of-simulium-ochraceum-s-l-in-formerly-onchocerciasis-endemic-foci-in-southern-mexico
#5
Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez, Javier A Garza-Hernández, Mario C Salinas-Carmona, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Filiberto Reyes-Villanueva, Olga Real-Najarro, Eddie W Cupp, Thomas R Unnasch
BACKGROUND: The Esperanza Window Trap (EWT) baited with CO2 and human sweat compounds is attractive to Simulium ochraceum s.l., the primary vector of Onchocerca volvulus in the historically largest endemic foci in México and Guatemala. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The ability of the EWT to locally reduce numbers of questing S. ochraceum s.l. was evaluated in two formerly onchocerciasis endemic communities in Southern México. At each community, two EWTs were placed in or near a school or household and flies were collected sequentially for a total of 10 days...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685016/incarcerated-congenital-transmesenteric-hernia-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#6
Sam Alhayo, Preet Gosal, Anthony Shakeshaft
Transmesenteric hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction and strangulation. It can be due to iatrogenic injury, trauma, inflammatory and less likely congenital. We present a case of true congenital transmesenteric hernia in a 26-year-old male with no previous surgical history or trauma. The patient presented acutely with no prior symptoms. Investigations provided limited information towards the diagnosis of the hernia, but suggestive of mid-gut volvulus. Emergency laparotomy was performed to find >75% of small bowel herniating through a proximal jejunal mesenteric defect leading to incarceration and early strangulation...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681523/caecal-volvulus-post-appendicectomy-in-pregnancy-a-case-report
#7
Baillie W C Ferris, Garry Dyke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663941/small-bowel-volvulus-a-case-report
#8
Tushar Patial, Sahil Chaddha, Namit Rathore, Vishal Thakur
Small bowel volvulus is a rare clinical entity which presents as recurrent intermittent abdominal pain after consumption of food. Although the entity is well described in the literature, diagnosis is often difficult due to its clinical presentation being similar to mesenteric ischemia. Herein we present the case of a 44-year-old male who presented to us with this condition.
May 28, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637545/a-strangulated-cecal-volvulus-through-the-foramen-of-winslow-a-rare-presentation-of-internal-herniation
#9
Jonathan Nguyen, K Aviva Bashan, Omar K Danner, Ray L Matthews, Assad Taha, Ed Childs, Peter Rhee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626382/a-symptomatic-coffee-bean-acute-sigmoid-volvulus
#10
Michael Scharl, Luc Biedermann
An acute sigmoid volvulus is due to the torsion of the sigmoid colon around its mesenteric axis. It mainly occurs in elderly patients and represents an abdominal emergency requiring urgent treatment. A 53-year-old male patient with severe craniocerebral injury and traumatic subarachnoidal bleeding 3 weeks prior presented on the ward with distended abdomen without abdominal pain, muscular defense, or resistances. He featured large volume diarrhea within the last few hours without signs of bleeding. A plain abdominal X-ray demonstrated a coffee bean sign indicating a sigmoid volvulus...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619737/acute-massive-gastric-dilatation-causing-ischaemic-necrosis-and-perforation-of-the-stomach
#11
Maitham A Moslim, Jay Mittal, Gavin A Falk, Jeffrey S Ustin, Gareth Morris-Stiff
Acute massive gastric dilatation (AMGD) is a rare distinctive condition but associates with high morbidity and mortality. Though usually seen in patients with eating disorders, many aetiologies of AMGD have been described. The distension has been reported to cause gastric necrosis with or without perforation, usually within 1-2 days of an inciting event of AMGD.We report the case of a 58-year-old male who presented with gastric perforation associated with AMGD 11 days after surgical relief of a proximal small bowel obstruction...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617114/significance-of-chilaiditi-sign-and-chilaiditi-syndrome
#12
Kewal Arunkumar Mistry, Rohit Bhoil, Neeraj Kumar, Rajesh Chopra, Nishant Thapar
Chilaiditi sign and syndrome are uncommon conditions and often misdiagnosed. They are clinically significant, however, because they can result in a range of complications, including bowel volvulus, perforation and obstruction. When patients are symptomatic, treatment is usually conservative and surgery is rarely indicated unless there is a suspicion of ischaemia, or if conservative management does not resolve other signs and symptoms. This article describes Chilaiditi sign and syndrome, and presents four case studies to illustrate the relevant signs and symptoms...
June 15, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611561/a-rare-cause-of-right-sided-air-bubble-on-chest-radiograph-intrathoracic-gastric-volvulus-related-to-morgagni-hernia
#13
Abdurrahman Sahin, Hakan Artas, Mehmet Yalniz
Morgagni hernia is a rare disorder in adulthood, and most of the cases are asymptomatic. Symptomatic cases are extremely rare and present with life-threatening complications. Early diagnosis and surgery are lifesaving. We hereby present an adult case of symptomatic Morgagni hernia. Diaphragmatic herniation of the stomach and mesenteroaxial rotation led to intrathoracic gastric volvulus in this case. A right-sided air bubble on a chest radiogram was the only finding leading to the suspicion of diaphragmatic hernia...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600214/validation-of-onchocerciasis-biomarker-n-acetyltyramine-o-glucuronide-natog
#14
Daniel Globisch, Lisa M Eubanks, Ryan J Shirey, Kenneth M Pfarr, Samuel Wanji, Alexander Y Debrah, Achim Hoerauf, Kim D Janda
The Neglected Tropical Disease onchocerciasis is a parasitic disease. Despite many control programmes by the World Health Organization (WHO), large communities in West and Central Africa are still affected. Besides logistic challenges during biannual mass drug administration, the lack of a robust, point-of-care diagnostic is limiting successful eradication of onchocerciasis. Towards the implementation of a non-invasive and point-of-care diagnostic, we have recently reported the discovery of the biomarker N-acetyltyramine-O-glucuronide (NATOG) in human urine samples using a metabolomics-mining approach...
August 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596064/nodding-syndrome-in-the-spotlight-placing-recent-findings-in-perspective
#15
Peter S Spencer, Erich Schmutzhard, Andrea S Winkler
Nodding syndrome (NS) is a debated scientific topic. A recently published study suggests that NS is an autoimmune disorder based on findings of cross-reacting antibodies between neuronal structures and a protein present in Onchocerca volvulus (OV). In our opinion, the proposed causal relationship between OV infection and NS has yet to be demonstrated and, instead, OV infection in NS may be opportunistic.
July 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576473/-the-vomiting-infant-when-should-intestinal-volvulus-be-suspected
#16
Bárbara Moreno Sanz-Gadea, Clara Udaondo Gascón, Margarita Sellers Carrera, Julia Martín Sánchez, María de Ceano-Vivas La Calle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565789/abdominal-ultrasonography-for-patients-with-abdominal-pain-as-a-first-line-diagnostic-imaging-modality
#17
Minoru Tomizawa, Fuminobu Shinozaki, Rumiko Hasegawa, Yoshinori Shirai, Yasufumi Motoyoshi, Takao Sugiyama, Shigenori Yamamoto, Naoki Ishige
The utility and limitations of abdominal ultrasonography (US) were retrospectively evaluated as a first-line diagnostic imaging modality in patients with abdominal pain. Hospital records from patients subjected to abdominal US as a first-line diagnostic imaging examination at the National Hospital Organization Shimoshizu Hospital (Yotsukaido, Japan) from April 2010 to April 2015 were analyzed. Only those patients who underwent abdominal US to diagnose abdominal symptoms were included in the present study. All patients with prior diagnostic imaging examination findings were excluded from the study in order to reduce bias of results...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560045/correlation-of-neuter-status-and-expression-of-heritable-disorders
#18
Janelle M Belanger, Thomas P Bellumori, Danika L Bannasch, Thomas R Famula, Anita M Oberbauer
BACKGROUND: Gonadectomy, or neutering, is a very common surgery for dogs having many positive effects on behavior, health, and longevity. There are also certain risks associated with neutering including the development of orthopedic conditions, cognitive decline, and a predisposition to some neoplasias. This study was designed specifically to identify if a correlation exists between neuter status and inherited conditions in a large aggregate cohort of dogs representing many different breeds...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560023/malrotation-with-midgut-volvulus-in-an-adult-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Adrian T Fung, David E Konkin, Zaheer S Kanji
We report a case of a 53-year-old male who presented with acute onset right upper quadrant (RUQ) abdominal pain with investigations demonstrating malrotation causing midgut volvulus and subsequent intestinal obstruction. The patient was consented for an emergent operation and underwent an exploratory laparotomy. Operative findings included the presence of adhesive bands in the RUQ (Ladd's Band), volvulus of the mid-portion of the small bowel in a clockwise fashion and multiple intra-abdominal adhesions causing internal hernias...
May 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547930/orbit-technique-in-malrotation-with-non-obstructive-volvulus-a-novel-technique-of-devolvulation
#20
Sundeep Kisku
INTRODUCTION: Volvulus may be noted in up to two-thirds of cases involving malrotation beyond infancy. Laparoscopic devolvulation has been described as a frustrating procedure because of restricted visualization. Here, a setup and technique that address these concerns are proposed. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Three boys (median age: 7 years) who had been diagnosed preoperatively with malrotation underwent laparoscopic exploration and devolvulation for volvulus found intraoperatively...
May 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
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