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ultrasonography and x ray

Manana Khachidze, Magda Tsintsadze, Maia Archuadze
According to the Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Affairs of Georgia a new health management system has to be introduced in the nearest future. In this context arises the problem of structuring and classifying documents containing all the history of medical services provided. The present work introduces the instrument for classification of medical records based on the Georgian language. It is the first attempt of such classification of the Georgian language based medical records. On the whole 24.855 examination records have been studied...
2016: BioMed Research International
An Tassenoy, Dorien De Strijcker, Nele Adriaenssens, Pierre Lievens
Too often, in clinical settings, the diagnosis and evolution of lymphedema is determined by limb circumference measurements and/or volume calculations. Besides the unrecognition of small lymphedemas, these techniques provide little to no information concerning the stage of the lymphedema. This latter is important in choosing appropriate treatment modalities and making an accurate prognosis. Different imaging techniques are described in literature giving insights in tissue changes due to lymphedema. The aim of this article is giving an overview of possible texture changes linked to the different edema stages, visualized with noninvasive imaging procedures like ultrasonography, computed tomography, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, or magnetic resonance imaging...
September 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Natalia Buda, Anna Masiak, Żaneta Smoleńska, Katarzyna Gałecka, Maria Porzezińska, Zbigniew Zdrojewski
Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) leads to acute respiratory failure. This is why it requires rapid diagnosis and implementation of appropriate treatment. The standard diagnosis of a patient with DAH includes laboratory tests, diagnostic imagining (X-ray of the chest, high-resolution computed tomography), and bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage. We present a description of 2 patients diagnosed with systemic connective tissue disease and DAH, monitored with the help of lung ultrasound. To our knowledge, this is the first description of the use of lung ultrasound in DAH in adult patients...
September 2, 2016: Ultrasound Quarterly
R M Erskine, D J Tomlinson, C I Morse, K Winwood, P Hampson, J M Lord, G L Onambélé
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines, elevated with increased fat mass and ageing, were associated with muscle properties in young and older people with variable adiposity. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Seventy-five young (18-49 yrs) and 67 older (50-80 yrs) healthy, untrained men and women (BMI: 17-49 kg/m(2)) performed isometric and isokinetic plantar flexor maximum voluntary contractions (MVCs)...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
S H Lee, J M Yun, S H Kim, Y G Seo, H Min, E Chung, Y S Bae, I S Ryou, B Cho
PURPOSE: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with various metabolic abnormalities that can increase the risk of an osteoporotic fracture. Across the few previous studies of the association between NAFLD and bone mineral density (BMD), the association was not consistent. We examined the association between BMD and NAFLD in generally healthy adults. METHODS: The subjects who visited the Seoul National University Hospital for health checkup between 2005 and 2015 were included...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Moyu Dohi, Yasuyuki Gen, Mika Yoshioka
We report the case of a 55-year-old woman with a tumor in the greater curvature of the upper gastric body. The tumor was incidentally found on an upper gastrointestinal X-ray series performed during a routine medical examination. Whereas endoscopy revealed a gastric submucosal tumor (SMT), endoscopic ultrasonography demonstrated a heterogeneous tumor with small, cystic, hypoechoic spots originating from the second layer. The patient was clinically asymptomatic, with no contributory family history or abnormal laboratory data...
June 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Ozgur Senturk, Demet Unal, Onur Selvi
An 18-month-old male patient, classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists I, with bilateral inguinal hernia was scheduled for operation. Preanesthetic evaluation revealed history of completed medical treatment of acute bronchitis 10 days ago, and his respiratory examination was recorded as normal. He was successfully operated under general anesthesia with a laryngeal mask. After removal of the laryngeal mask, he displayed signs of hypoxia. Respiratory sounds were undetectable in the left thorax. He was intubated due to failure of adequate ventilation...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Helena Borrell, Javier Narváez, Juan José Alegre, Ivan Castellví, Francesca Mitjavila, María Aparicio, Eulàlia Armengol, María Molina-Molina, Joan M Nolla
Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a rare and less known complication mainly associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we analyze the clinical features, investigation findings, approaches to management, and outcome in a case series of 9 adult patients with SLE and SLS diagnosed during a 35-year period in 3 referral tertiary care hospitals in Spain. Additionally, we reviewed 80 additional cases previously reported (PubMed 1965-2015). These 80 cases, together with our 9 patients, form the basis of the present analysis...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Scott M Wilhelm, Tracy S Wang, Daniel T Ruan, James A Lee, Sylvia L Asa, Quan-Yang Duh, Gerard M Doherty, Miguel F Herrera, Janice L Pasieka, Nancy D Perrier, Shonni J Silverberg, Carmen C Solórzano, Cord Sturgeon, Mitchell E Tublin, Robert Udelsman, Sally E Carty
Importance: Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is a common clinical problem for which the only definitive management is surgery. Surgical management has evolved considerably during the last several decades. Objective: To develop evidence-based guidelines to enhance the appropriate, safe, and effective practice of parathyroidectomy. Evidence Review: A multidisciplinary panel used PubMed to review the medical literature from January 1, 1985, to July 1, 2015...
August 10, 2016: JAMA Surgery
M Mercier, T Noailles, E Sali, P Carret, R Duvauferrier, J L Rouvillain
UNLABELLED: Gossypiboma imaging features are not well known and are often confused with soft tissue tumours. Publications on this topic mainly consist of case reports and small cohorts. Its appearance on various imaging modalities is not well defined. This led us to carry out a review of literature to determine specifically: (1) which imaging modalities should be used in cases of suspected gossypiboma, (2) what are the most common imaging findings that contribute to the diagnosis of gossypiboma...
October 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Rashmi Kaul Raina, Vikram Mahajan, Anuradha Sood, Sharma Saurabh
A 32-year-old male presented to Dermatology outpatient Department with complaints of a single nonhealing ulcer on his right thigh. This lesion was there for the last 1΍ months. It had begun as a small nodule and increased up to the present size of 3 cm with an oozing and ulcerated surface and thickened everted margins. The systemic investigations were normal which included hemogram, biochemistry, including liver and renal function tests, chest X-ray, ultrasonography of abdomen, computed tomography of the thorax, and abdomen...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Dong Zhang, Qing-fu Wang, Xin-chao Shi, Huan Wang, Jun Zhao, Li-li Yang, Wei-li Wang, Hao-bin Ding, Qing Chang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the characteristics of musculoskeletal ultrasonography and X-ray of knee osteoarthritis, and to investigate the advantages of them. METHODS: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 57 cases (66 knees) were collected from February 2015 to May 2015. Among them, there were 48 females and 9 males with an average age of (58.9 +/- 9.8) years old (ranged, 41 to 78 years old). The main symptoms included unilateral or bilateral knee pain and locked joints explicit areas of tender points...
May 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jung-Yun Lee, Ji Hee Kim, Jung Won Seo, Hee Seung Kim, Jae-Weon Kim, Noh Hyun Park, Yong-Sang Song
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of vaginal cytology, imaging modalities, and serum CA-125 in detecting asymptomatic recurrence during posttreatment surveillance for early-stage endometrial cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with stage I to II endometrial cancer who received primary surgical treatment at Seoul National University Hospital between 2000 and 2011. Clinicopathologic characteristics and surveillance test data were obtained from medical records...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Salih Kocaoğlu, Ayhan Özhasenekler, Ferhat İçme, Gül Pamukçu Günaydın, Alp Şener, Şervan Gökhan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of ultrasonography (USG) in identifying metacarpal bone fractures in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) with hand injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were admitted to a training and research hospital's ED during the study period with hand trauma and had suspected metacarpal fractures were included in the study. They were examined for metacarpal fracture by USG and x-ray. Hand radiographs reviewed by an emergency physician were considered to be the criterion standard diagnostic tool...
September 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Gianmaria Miolo, Lino Del Pup, Anthony Ash, Massimo Manno, Barbara Pivetta, Giovanni Tessitori, Giuseppe Corona
: The co-occurrence of gonadal agenesis alongside hypoplastic derivatives of the paramesonephric ducts has rarely been observed. PATIENT(S): 16-year-old dizygotic twin sisters were referred to our department because of primary amenorrhea. X-ray, bone densitometry, ultrasonography, pelvic MRI and measurement of pituitary, ovary, and thyroid hormones were performed. Both twins showed hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, bilateral gonadal agenesis, fallopian tube, uterus, and vaginal hypoplasia but normal kidney and urinary tract structures and skeletal system...
July 5, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Krzysztof Jaworski, Krystyna Maślanka, Artur Jakimiuk, Patrycja Łopacz, Paweł Panin, Dariusz A Kosior
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a major cause of death associated with transfusion. Nevertheless it is still misdiagnosed and underreported. We present a case of this serious complication in order to make it more familiar to clinicians and indicate proper medical management, which is significant not only for the patients presenting TRALI symptoms but also for future recipients of blood components. CASE PRESENTATION: A 32-year-old white woman with in-vitro fertilization in anamnesis was admitted to Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology because of abdominal pain...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Valbona Bajrami, Alma Idrizi, Enver Roshi, Myftar Barbullushi
AIM: We aim to define the correlations between nephrolithiasis, hypertension, age and obesity in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in Albania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 100 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney from 2011 to 2014. The patients underwent X-ray and renal ultrasonography. We performed the metabolic evaluation of blood and urine. RESULTS: The patients with renal stones had a higher level of mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared with patients without stones (155 ± 12 mmHg vs...
March 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Hui Lu, Qiang Chen, Hui Shen, Xiang-Qian Shen, Shou-Cheng Wu
PURPOSE: Fibroma of tendon sheath in planta is comparatively rare, and its differentiate diagnose, tumour features, treatment and complications were lack of retrospective study in clinics. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 13 patients (seven women, six men) operated between July 2001 and May 2013 for FTS in planta. The average age at the time of the procedure was 49.8 ± 8.3 years old (range 31-64). The female-to-male ratio was 9:4. Before the surgery, anteroposterior, lateral and oblique position of foot X-rays were performed in all patients...
2016: SpringerPlus
J S Rajkumar, Akbar Syed, J R Anirudh, C M Kishor, Deepa Ganesh
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare autosomal recessive condition involving the complete lateral transposition of the organs. When individuals with this condition suffer from appendicitis, associated pain and symptoms are usually present on the left side, resulting in diagnostic difficulties. Moreover, the laparoscopic removal of the left-sided appendix may pose practical problems during surgery. Removal of an inflamed appendix is generally performed using a multiple-port laparoscopy. We report a 22-year-old male who presented to the Lifeline Institute of Minimal Access Surgery in Chennai, India, in April 2015 with pain in the left iliac fossa...
May 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Michelangelo Miccini, Diletta Cassini, Matteo Gregori, Sergio Gazzanelli, Simone Cassibba, Daniele Biacchi
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous central venous port (CVP) placement using ultrasound-guidance (USG) via right internal jugular vein is described as a safe and effective procedure. The aim of this study is to determine whether intraoperative fluoroscopy (IF) and/or postoperative chest X-ray (CXR) are required to confirm the correct position of the catheter. METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2014, 302 adult patients underwent elective CVP system placement under USG...
October 2016: World Journal of Surgery
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