Read by QxMD icon Read

ultrasonography and x ray

A Alaga, Y X Yew, M K Razul
A 47-year-old female, with multiple comorbidities, presented with a cough of two months, loss of weight and appetite. She was treated for pneumonia. A chest X-ray showed bilateral reticulonodular opacities. She was noted to have a vague central abdominal mass and a systolic murmur over the mitral region. Ultrasonography and computed tomography of the abdomen showed an omental mass and loculated ascites. Oesophagoduedenoscopy showed antral gastritis and during colonoscopy the surgical team was unable to advance the scope beyond 40 cm due to external compression...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Jasper M Smit, Reinder Raadsen, Michiel J Blans, Manfred Petjak, Peter M Van de Ven, Pieter R Tuinman
BACKGROUND: Insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC) is common practice in critical care medicine. Complications arising from CVC placement are mostly due to a pneumothorax or malposition. Correct position is currently confirmed by chest x-ray, while ultrasonography might be a more suitable option. We performed a meta-analysis of the available studies with the primary aim of synthesizing information regarding detection of CVC-related complications and misplacement using ultrasound (US)...
March 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Nikolaos Mamas, Konstantinos Andreanos, Dimitrios Brouzas, Andreas Diagourtas, Andreas Droulias, Ilias Georgalas, Dimitrios Papaconstantinou
PURPOSE: To report the case of a 65-year-old metalworker with no known history of ocular trauma, who suffered from intense ocular pain during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, due to a retained intraocular metallic foreign body (IOFB). CASE REPORT: Meticulous ophthalmological examination was inconclusive. An IOFB was confirmed with X-ray scan, whereas its exact localization was enabled by means of ultrasonography and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). CONCLUSIONS: Despite appropriate screening protocols, MRI-related ocular complications might occur in the presence of a hidden metallic IOFB...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
T Grieser
CLINICAL ISSUE: Both benign and malignant tumours are encountered in the foot and ankle. Due to their rarity, however, diagnosis is often uncertain. Usual criteria such as tumour size, invasiveness or pain fail to differentiate benign from malignant neoplasias. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Plain radiography and-due to the complex foot anatomy-CT are important in the diagnostic evaluation of primary bone tumours. In the case of soft tissue tumours, ultrasonography is used to identify ganglion cysts...
February 28, 2018: Der Radiologe
Miranda R Crealey, Louise Bowden, Evodia Ludusan, Mohammad Pathan, Brian Kenny, Ailish Hannigan, Roy K Philip
OBJECTIVE: To audit the demand and radiation exposure of conventional radiography in a regional neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Ireland. METHODS: A retrospective study of radiographs performed on all admissions to the NICU in university Maternity Hospital limerick (UMHL) over 2 years. RESULTS: A total of 1405 radiographs were performed on 506 infants. 153.5 radiographs per 1000 live births was the observed demand and 44% of radiographs were done out of hours...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Christian Fedon, Luigi Rigon, Fulvia Arfelli, Diego Dreossi, Elisa Quai, Maura Tonutti, Giuliana Tromba, Maria Assunta Cova, Renata Longo
Two dosimetric quantities [mean glandular dose (MGD) and entrance surface air kerma (ESAK)] and the diagnostic performance of phase-contrast mammography with synchrotron radiation (MSR) are compared to conventional digital mammography (DM). Seventy-one patients (age range, 41 to 82 years) underwent MSR after a DM examination if questionable or suspicious breast abnormalities were not clarified by ultrasonography. The MGD and the ESAK delivered in both examinations were evaluated and compared. Two on-site radiologists rated the images in consensus according to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System assessment categories, which were then correlated with the final diagnoses by means of statistical generalized linear models (GLMs)...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Yunxia Sun, Xiaoli Li, Lijun Li, Huan Liu, Qian Xu, Bei Liu
In the present study, a case of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with complete situs inversus in a 68-year-old female patient was reported. The patient presented with general weakness, abdominal distension and tenderness in the right hypochondrium. A chest X-ray revealed a right-sided heart. Ultrasonography revealed situs inversus totalis. A bone marrow smear demonstrated CML in the accelerated phase. Imatinib mesylate was subsequently administered; the patient stopped taking imatinib mesylate following discharge from the hospital...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Y M Mala, Ruchi Prasad, Nilanchali Singh, C P Baweja, Reva Tripathi, Niharika Yedla
This study was included 60 women with suspected genital tuberculosis, attending outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital. The aim was to evaluate the role and accuracy of laparoscopy in the diagnosis of genital tuberculosis. The patients were investigated for tuberculosis with Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, Montoux, chest X-ray, serum ELISA, CA125, ultrasonography, endometrial biopsy and laparoscopic biopsy. Culture or histopathology was taken as a gold standard for confirming the cases of genital tuberculosis...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Mingming Yu, Dapeng Xu, Aiguo Zhang, Jun Shen
Spontaneous fetal femoral fractures are uncommon in the paediatric setting. The major clinical presentations of a spontaneous fetal femoral fracture are femoral angulation, shortness of the femur and even a marked fracture line. This case report describes a spontaneous fetal femoral fracture of the right femur, which was detected by routine ultrasonography during the 19th week of gestation in a 24-year-old woman. On routine follow-up visits, the angulation of the right femur in the fetus gradually improved...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Uzma Mumtaz, Zainab Zahur, Muhammad Ali Raza, Madiha Mumtaz
BACKGROUND: Portable bed side ultrasound and supine chest radiograph of 80 traumatic patients excluding very clinically unstable patients who subsequently underwent CT scan chest was done for traumatic effusion showing that ultrasound had a higher sensitivity than CXR, 88.23% and 77.94%, respectively, and a similar specificity of 100% and 100%, respectively. Objective of the study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of high resolution ultrasound and supine chest x-ray in detection of pleural effusion in road traffic accident patients keeping plain CT chest as gold standard...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Lisa Ratanaprasatporn, Jennifer W Uyeda, Jeremy R Wortman, Ian Richardson, Aaron D Sodickson
Imaging of the gallbladder has a key role in the examination of patients with abdominal pain-especially pain localized to the right upper quadrant. Pathologic conditions that affect the gallbladder include cholelithiasis and associated complications such as acute and chronic cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, gallstone pancreatitis, and cancer. Modalities used to image the gallbladder include ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and nuclear scintigraphy. US is the primary imaging modality used to evaluate entities suspected of being gallbladder disease, as it is both sensitive and specific for demonstrating gallstones, biliary duct dilatation, and inflammatory features...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Aashima Dabas, Thushanth Thomas, Monita Gahlot, Nandita Gupta, K Devasenathipathy, Rajesh Khadgawat
Objective: To evaluate for subclinical atherosclerosis and its risk factors in Indian obese children. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, case-control study was conducted to recruit 80 children aged 6-17 years with constitutional obesity as cases and 23 age- and gender-matched controls with normal body mass index (BMI). Anthropometric and clinical evaluation was followed by biochemical analysis and body fat estimation by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in cases...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Mélanie Valpacos, Delphine Arni, Amy Keir, Ann Aspirot, James C H Wilde, Spencer Beasley, Daniele De Luca, Riccardo E Pfister, Oliver Karam
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious complication of prematurity. Currently, there is limited evidence to guide investigation and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the parameters used to diagnose or exclude NEC, and to identify differences between neonatologists and pediatric surgeons. METHODS: A scenario-based survey was sent to neonatologists and pediatric surgeons. RESULTS: 173 physicians from 26 countries completed the survey (55% neonatologists and 45% pediatric surgeons)...
2018: Neonatology
Fumihiro Asano, Takashi Ishida, Naofumi Shinagawa, Noriaki Sukoh, Masaki Anzai, Kenya Kanazawa, Akifumi Tsuzuku, Satoshi Morita
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial biopsy for peripheral pulmonary lesions is generally performed under X-ray fluoroscopy. Virtual bronchoscopic navigation (VBN) is a method in which virtual images of the bronchial route to the lesion are produced based on CT images obtained before VBN, and the bronchoscope is guided using these virtual images, improving the diagnostic yield of peripheral pulmonary lesions. VBN has the possibility of eliminating the need for X-ray fluoroscopy in the bronchoscopic diagnosis of peripheral lesions...
December 11, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Dogus Hemsinli, Hasan Mutlu, Gokalp Altun, Zerrin Pulathan, Ahmet C Ozdemir
Introduction Central venous catheterisation is an essential component of patient care in hospital. A forgotten complete guide-wire is a rare complication, although the reported incidence has increased rapidly over the last decade. Case report We report a 72-year-old man with a complete guide-wire inadvertently overlooked during catheter insertion. A central venous catheter had been inserted for total parental nutrition during treatment for pancreatitis. Five years later, the patient was readmitted with a painful lesion on his neck and the sensation of a sharp object under his skin...
November 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
Derya Aydin, Caner Turan, Ali Yurtseven, Petek Bayindir, Bade Toker, Zafer Dokumcu, Murat Sezak, Eylem Ulas Saz
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of ultrasonography (US) and abdominal X-ray in combination with Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS) is complicated in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Abdominal X-ray is as useful as US with clinical assessment when evaluated by experienced pediatric radiologist in acute appendicitis. The aim of this study was to determine the value of US and abdominal X-ray for appendicitis in children when combined with clinical assessment based on PAS, and to establish a practical pathway for acute appendicitis in childhood...
February 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Naveed Baloch, Obada Hussein Hasan, Mir Muzamil Jessar, Soichi Hattori, Shin Yamada
Ultrasonography (US) is a safe and noninvasive imaging modality that is gaining popularity in different medical and surgical fields. Its introduction in musculoskeletal and sports medicine has taken this advanced subspecialty to a higher level. It has the advantage over other imaging techniques with regards to ease of use, availability, comfort and cost. Not to mention, in terms of safety profile, patients are not exposed to radiations, like in x-rays, and it can be performed on patients with metal or pacemaker implants, which are contraindicated in MRI...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Spencer W Beasley
Intussusception may be difficult to diagnose because the classical triad of symptoms is evident at the time of presentation in only about 20% of cases. This may lead to delays in making the correct diagnosis. The most common presenting features are colicky abdominal pain, vomiting, pallor, lethargy and listlessness. In recent years, the algorithms of management of intussusception have changed significantly: a routine plain abdominal X-ray has been replaced by ultrasonography, previously perceived contraindications to attempting an enema reduction no longer apply, gas has largely replaced barium for enema reduction, incomplete initial reduction is an indication for a delayed repeat enema if the child is stable clinically and partial reduction has been achieved, the indications for surgery have been tightened and laparoscopy affords an alternative surgical approach...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Sergej Schneider, Rasmus Irming Jølck, Esther Gera Cornelia Troost, Aswin Louis Hoffmann
PURPOSE: X-ray-based position verification of the target volume in image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is currently performed on solid fiducial markers that are implanted under endoscopic ultrasonography. A new biodegradable liquid fiducial marker has recently been introduced. To assess its potential use for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided photon or proton radiotherapy of PDAC, the MRI visibility and artifacts of this marker were quantified and compared against solid gold markers...
January 2018: Medical Physics
Christian Dejaco, Andreas Stadlmayr, Christina Duftner, Viktoria Trimmel, Rusmir Husic, Elisabeth Krones, Shahin Zandieh, Emma Husar-Memmer, Gernot Zollner, Josef Hermann, Judith Gretler, Angelika Lackner, Anja Ficjan, Christian Datz, Roland Axman, Jochen Zwerina
BACKGROUND: Chronic arthropathy occurs in approximately two thirds of patients with hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). The aim was to study inflammatory and structural lesions in patients with HH with (HH-A) and without arthropathy (HH-WA) using ultrasonography. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 26 patients with HH-A, 24 with HH-WA and 37 with hand osteoarthritis (HOA). Clinical examination was performed in 68 joints, and we retrieved data on hand function, pain and global disease activity (all using a visual analogue scale (VAS)), morning stiffness and ferritin levels...
October 24, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"