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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072959/-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-hemorrhage-of-the-newborn-infants-using-lung-ultrasonography
#1
J Liu, W Fu, S W Chen, Y Wang
Objective: To investigate the accuracy and reliability of lung ultrasound in diagnosis of pulmonary hemorrhage of the newborn infants. Method: From January 2014 to May 2016, 142 neonates from the Army General Hospital of the Chinese PLA were enrolled in the study. They were divided into two groups: a study group of 42 neonates, who were diagnosed with pulmonary hemorrhage according to their medical history, clinical manifestations and chest X-ray findings, and a control group of 100 neonates with no lung disease...
January 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051055/thoracic-heteropagus-conjoined-twins-associated-to-an-omphalocele-report-of-a-case-and-complete-review-of-the-literature
#2
Kotti Ahmed, Ben Dhaou Mahdi, Zitouni Hayet, Louati Hamdi, Jallouli Mohamed, Mhiri Riadh
Heteropagus twins are an extremely rare event with an incidence of 1-2 million live births that represents, sometimes, a real challenge for paediatric surgeons. The majority of cases have complete or partial duplication of the pelvis and/or lower extremities. Thoracic heteropagus conjoined twins is a rare condition in which a grossly defective foetus (the parasite) is attached to the thorax of the main foetus (the autosite). We describe a case of a parasitic heteropagus attached at the chest wall with a rare presentation of giant exomphalos on the autosite...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038826/using-color-flow-detection-of-air-insufflation-to-improve-accuracy-in-verifying-nasogastric-tube-position
#3
Kin Wa Wong, Hok Hang Chan, Chi Pang Wong, Ming Yin Chan, Jeffrey Cheuk Wai Chau, Tai Wai Wong
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that ultrasonography (USG), as an alternative to radiography, has a good accuracy in confirming nasogastric tube (NGT) position. Color flow detection of air insufflation is a novel approach in verifying NGT position. In our study, we aimed at evaluating its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy in confirming the NGT position, as compared with 2-dimensional (2D) USG. METHODS: The study was conducted on adult patients over a period of 38months in an emergency department in Hong Kong...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993826/minimal-change-disease-associated-with-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Halil Yildiz, Stoian Ioana Andreea, Delphine Hoton, Jean Cyr Yombi
A 77-year-old man with a history of asbestos exposure was admitted to our internal medicine division for generalised weakness, fatigue, loss of weight, night sweats and difficulty for breathing since 3 months. Clinical examination revealed left fine crackles and bilateral leg oedema. Blood test showed elevated C reactive protein level at 142 mg/L, lactate dehydrogenase level at 421 UI, creatinine level at 5.75 mg/dL. Serum albumin level at 30 g/L, urinalysis showed significant proteinuria at 6.4 g/L...
December 19, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939895/misplaced-iud-found-on-laparoscopy
#5
Suyash Naval, Rucha Naval, Shubhda Jajoo, Sudarshan Naval, Ameya Padmawar
A 38 year old woman presented with history of inability to feel IUD thread. Evaluation with a X-ray and transvaginal ultrasonography suggested intra-abdominal presence of the misplaced IUD. On laparoscopy the copper containing IUD was found embedded between omentum and anterior abdominal wall (Fig.1A). It was removed by laparoscopy without any complications (Fig 1B). The rate of uterine perforation has been reported to range from 0 to 1.3 per 1000 insertions [1]. It is recommended by World Health Organization that a displaced IUD should always be removed as soon as possible after the diagnosis has been established, regardless of its type and location [2]...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928810/the-association-of-stone-opacity-in-plain-radiography-with-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-outcomes-and-complications
#6
Robab Maghsoudi, Masoud Etemadian, Amir Hossein Kashi, Alireza Ranjbaran
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of stone opacity in plain radiography on stone free rate and complications ofpercutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A number of 101 patients who underwent PCNL between July-September 2015 wereprospectively included. Stone opacity was judged on preoperative plain Kidney-Ureter-Bladder X-ray. Stone freerate was evaluated two weeks after the operation by ultrasonography and KUB. RESULTS: There were 61 patients with opaque stones and 40 patients with non-opaque stones...
8, 2016: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900852/association-of-ultrasound-based-measures-of-fetal-body-composition-with-newborn-adiposity
#7
S Ikenoue, F Waffarn, K Sumiyoshi, M Ohashi, C Ikenoue, C Buss, D L Gillen, H N Simhan, S Entringer, P D Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Newborns exhibit substantial variation in gestational age-adjusted and sex-adjusted fat mass proportion. The antecedent characteristics of fetal body composition that are associated with newborn fat mass proportion are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a composite measure of fetal fat mass is prospectively associated with newborn adiposity. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 109 low-risk pregnancies, fetal ultrasonography was performed at approximately 12, 20 and 30 weeks gestation...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900216/predictors-of-renal-recovery-in-renal-failure-secondary-to-bilateral-obstructive-urolithiasis
#8
Muthukrishna P Rajadoss, Chandrasingh Jeyachandra Berry, Grace J Rebekah, Vinu Moses, Shyamkumar N Keshava, Kuruthukulangara S Jacob, Santosh Kumar, Nitin Kekre, Antony Devasia
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors predicting renal recovery in patients presenting with renal failure secondary to bilateral obstructing urolithiasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from electronic records of consecutive adult patients presenting with bilateral obstructing urolithiasis between January 2007 and April 2011 were retrieved. Ultrasonography of the abdomen, and kidney, ureter, bladder (KUB study) X-ray or abdominal non-contrast computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896794/efficacy-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-placement-of-central-venous-port-systems-via-the-right-internal-jugular-vein-in-elderly-oncologic-patients-our-single-center-experience-and-protocol
#9
Alfonso Canfora, Claudio Mauriello, Antonio Ferronetti, Gianpaolo Marte, Vittorio Di Maio, Guido Ciorra, Maria Grazia Esposito, Maria Elena Giuliano, Giovanni Fregola, Luigi Barra, Salvatore Cuzzovaglia, Vincenzo Bottino, Pietro Maida
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guidance has become the routine method for internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization reducing dramatically failure and complication rates for central venous port (CVP) placement. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided IJV CVP placement in elderly oncologic patients. METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 101 elderly oncological patients underwent right IJV CVP placement under ultrasound-guidance...
November 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896187/fascial-free-flap-for-reconstruction-of-the-dorsolateral-hand-and-digits-the-advantage-of-a-thin-contour
#10
Min Gue Lee, Jin Soo Kim, Dong Chul Lee, Si Young Roh, Kyung Jin Lee, Byeong Kyoo Choi
BACKGROUND: Fascial free flaps have been widely used for reconstruction of the hand because they are thin. However, studies reporting objective data regarding the advantages of this approach are lacking. Thus, we report our experience with such flaps. METHODS: Forty-five cases of fascial free flaps between November 2006 and March 2014 were reviewed. Nine cases involving reconstructed dorsal or lateral defects were included. Four anterolateral thigh fascial free flaps and 5 lateral arm fascial free flaps were examined...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891280/lung-ultrasound-in-early-diagnosis-of-neonatal-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-before-any-radiographic-or-laboratory-changes
#11
Mohammed Ibrahim, Ahmed Omran, Mostafa Ibrahim, Nouran Bioumy, Sonya El-Sharkawy
Neonatal pneumonia is reported to be the primary cause of neonatal respiratory failure and one of the common causes of neonatal hospitalization and death in developing countries. Chest X-ray was considered the gold standard for diagnosis of neonatal pneumonia. Lung ultrasonography has been described as a valuable noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of many neonatal pulmonary diseases. We report a case of ventilation associated neonatal pneumonia with very early diagnosis using lung ultrasound before any significant radiographic changes in chest X-ray or laboratory findings suggestive of infection...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885327/surgical-removal-of-an-extrauterine-device-migrating-to-appendix
#12
Gulsum Uysal, Hakan Nazik, Nefise Tanridan Okçu, Sevtap Seyfettinoglu, Halil Kazgan
Intrauterine devices (IUDs) remain highly effective reversible family planning methods in developing countries. We aimed to report one of the complications of extrauterine and intrauterine devices. A 44-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with mislocated intrauterine device and abnormal uterine bleeding. Extrauterine IUD device was proven by ultrasound and X-ray. She had normal blood test count with a negative pregnancy test. There are several cases of complications with intrauterine devices, but this is the first case report about an extrauterine IUD embedded by inflame enlarged appendix presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870908/n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-as-a-biomarker-for-loss-of-muscle-mass-in-prevalent-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Misa Ikeda, Hirokazu Honda, Keiko Takahashi, Kanji Shishido, Takanori Shibata
Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. A recent study demonstrated that a high level of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) may be associated with PEW in those patients. This prospective study aimed to assess the association of NT-proBNP with body composition and muscle loss. A cohort of prevalent HD patients (n = 238) was examined. Blood samples were obtained at baseline to measure high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), adiponectin and NT-proBNP...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867558/effectiveness-of-lung-ultrasonography-for-diagnosis-of-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Yang Xia, Yinghua Ying, Shaobin Wang, Wen Li, Huahao Shen
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is usually presented as a forgotten killer, and an early diagnosis could largely improve the prognostic outcomes. Lung ultrasound (LUS) has been universally applied in evaluating multiple pulmonary diseases including pneumonia. However, the diagnosis accuracy of LUS for pneumonia in adults is still uncertain. Hence, we performed a systematic review of the current literature to assess the diagnosis accuracy of LUS for pneumonia in adults. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched for clinical trials that assessed the detection accuracy of LUS for pneumonia in adult patients...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857985/emergency-physicians-performed-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-detecting-distal-forearm-fracture
#15
Semra Sivrikaya, Ersin Aksay, Basak Bayram, Nese Colak Oray, Ahmet Karakasli, Emel Altintas
OBJECTIVES: Several studies focusing diagnosis of forearm fracture using Point-of-Care-Ultrasonography (POCUS) had been carried out in children. There is a lack of evidence for the utility of sonographic (US) examination for detecting of distal forearm fracture in adults. We aim to determine the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of POCUS examination for the fracture of the distal radius and ulna in adult patients presenting with blunt forearm trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adult patients presenting with acute distal forearm trauma and suspicion of fracture were enrolled into study...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857789/epidemiology-of-the-neural-tube-defects-in-kashmir-valley
#16
Masood Ahmed Laharwal, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Altaf Umer Ramzan, Abrar Ahad Wani, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sajad Hussain Arif, Masooma Rizvi
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTD) are the most common congenital malformations affecting the brain and spinal cord and have a multifactorial etiology. Genetic and environmental factors have been found to cause these defects, both individually and in combination. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, types, demographics, risk factors, and other associated anomalies relevant to NTDs in Kashmir Valley. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 2-year hospital-based prospective study was carried out from November 2013 to October 2015...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847699/ultrasound-for-localization-of-central-venous-catheter-a-good-alternative-to-chest-x-ray
#17
Hamid Kamalipour, Sedigheh Ahmadi, Karmella Kamali, Alireza Moaref, Masih Shafa, Parsa Kamalipour
BACKGROUND: Chest radiography after central venous catheter (CVC) insertion is the main method of verifying the catheter location. Despite the widespread use of radiography for detecting catheter position, x-ray may not always be readily available, especially in the operating room. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) and chest radiography for detecting the correct location of CVCs. METHODS: One hundred sixteen consecutive patients with indications for CVC before cardiac surgery were enrolled in this observational study...
October 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828799/a-pilot-assessment-of-3-point-of-care-strategies-for-diagnosis-of-perioperative-lung-pathology
#18
John W Ford, Johan Heiberg, Anthony P Brennan, Colin F Royse, David J Canty, Doa El-Ansary, Alistair G Royse
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasonography is superior to clinical examination and chest X-ray (CXR) in diagnosis of acute respiratory pathology in the emergency and critical care setting and after cardiothoracic surgery in intensive care. Lung ultrasound may be useful before cardiothoracic surgery and after discharge from intensive care, but the proportion of significant respiratory pathology in this setting is unknown and may be too low to justify its routine use. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of clinically significant respiratory pathology detectable with CXR, clinical examination, and lung ultrasound in patients on the ward before and after cardiothoracic surgery...
November 8, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826176/limited-diagnostic-value-of-procalcitonin-in-early-diagnosis-of-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#19
Ewelina Gowin, Jacek Wysocki
A 17-year-old female patient was referred to the Infectious Diseases Ward because of fever lasting for 14 days. On admission to the hospital the patient was in a generally good state, without any abnormalities on physical examination. Laboratory investigation revealed elevated inflammatory markers. Diagnostic imaging comprising chest X-ray, abdominal ultrasonography, and echocardiography showed no abnormalities. During the hospitalization, there occurred episodes of fever with skin rash and musculoskeletal pain of the lower limbs...
2016: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822956/porcelain-gallbladder
#20
Diogo Albergaria, Nuno Carvalho, Filipe Borges, António Folgado, João Corte Real
A 62-year-old female was referenced to our outpatient clinic for a single episode of right upper quadrant pain and weight loss of 3 kg in the last 6 months. No other complaints were reported. Her past medical history was unremarkable except for total hysterectomy. The upper abdominal ultrasonography and abdominal plain X-ray revealed a porcelain gallbladder.
November 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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