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stress induced pulmonary edema

Yilin Zhao, Lijie Ma, Ruixuan Wang, Tingting Chen, Xueying Liu, Faguang Jin
The protecting effects of 3,5,4'-tri-O-acetylresveratrol (AC-Res) on seawater inhalation-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) by interfering with the activation of thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) pathway were evaluated. Seawater inhalation-induced ARDS was assessed by magnitude of pulmonary edema and lung inflammation. Oxidative stress was tested by T-SOD activity and MDA content in lungs and cells. Besides, Trx-1, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and Txnip expression were measured to explore how seawater induced oxidative stress and the mechanism by which AC-Res attenuated seawater inhalation-induced ARDS...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Lan Chen, Wen Li, Di Qi, Daoxin Wang
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a heterogenous syndrome characterized by diffuse alveolar damage, with an increase in lung endothelial and epithelial permeability. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP), the most biologically active fraction of wolfberry, possesses antiapoptotic and antioxidative effects in distinct situations. In the present study, the protective effects and potential molecular mechanisms of LBP against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ARDS were investigated in the mice and in the human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs)...
March 4, 2018: Free Radical Research
Kohei Taniguchi, Syogo Takashima, Ryo Iida, Koshi Ota, Masahiko Nitta, Kazushi Sakane, Tomohiro Fujisaka, Nobukazu Ishizaka, Osamu Umegaki, Kazuhisa Uchiyama, Akira Takasu
RATIONAL: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a transient systolic dysfunction of the left ventricular apex without stenosis of coronary arteries and is induced by various psychological and physical factors. TCM sometimes causes lethal complications such as arrhythmia, thrombogenesis, and even cardiac rupture, and thus it should be diagnosed appropriately and managed carefully. Intensive care unit (ICU) patients are exposed to overstress during the treatment process and therefore can are at potential risk for TCM...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ahmed Nadeem, Naif O Al-Harbi, Sheikh F Ahmad, Khalid E Ibrahim, Nahid Siddiqui, Mohammed M Al-Harbi
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a heterogeneous disease with the hallmarks of alveolar capillary membrane injury, increased pulmonary edema and pulmonary inflammation. The commonest direct etiological factor for ALI is usually parenchymal lung infection or hemorrhage. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by NADPH oxidase (NOX2) are thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of ALI. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) plays an important role both in production of ROS as well as their removal through supply of NADPH...
December 25, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Kevin T Gobeske, Maurice E Sarano, Jennifer E Fugate, Eelco F Wijdicks
BACKGROUND: Acute brain injury with strong surges of adrenergic outflow has resulted in takotsubo cardiomyopathy, but there are surprisingly few reports of takotsubo cardiomyopathy after intracranial hemorrhage, and none have been described from hemorrhage within the brainstem. RESULTS: We describe a patient with reverse and reversible cardiomyopathy following a hemorrhage in the lateral medulla oblongata. While it is limited in size, the location of the hemorrhage caused acute systolic failure with left ventricular ejection fraction of 27% and vasopressor requirement for cardiogenic shock and pulmonary edema...
December 19, 2017: Neurocritical Care
Fusun Oztay, Serap Sancar-Bas, Selda Gezginci-Oktayoglu, Merve Ercin, Sehnaz Bolkent
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) stimulates insulin secretion, - plays anti-inflammatory role in atherosclerosis, and has surfactant-releasing effects in lungs. GLP-1 analogues are used in diabetes therapy. This is the first study to investigate the effects of exendin-4, a GLP-1 receptor agonist, on lung injury in diabetic mice. BALB/c male mice were divided into four groups. The first group was given only citrate buffer, the second group was given only exendin-4, the third group was given only streptozotocin (STZ), and the fourth group was given both exendin-4 and STZ...
January 2018: Peptides
L M Yang, J Zhao, H T Wang, X X Xu, Y M JIiao, R G Ding
Objective: To study the protective effect of N-acetylcysteine on acute lung injury induced by PFIB inhalation and its mechanism. Methods: Survival experiment: 48 male ICR (CD-1) mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, i. e., PFIB control group, NAC prevention group, NAC treatment group, and NAC prevention + treatment group, each group contains 12 animals. The mice of PFIB C group were exposed to PFIB without any treatment. The mice of NAC P group were exposed to PFIB 30min after NAC administration. The mice of NAC T group were exposed to PFIB 1h before NAC administration, The mice of NAC P+T group were administrated with NAC twice (30 min before and 1h after PFIB inhalation) ...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Spencer A Slavin, Antony Leonard, Valerie Grose, Fabeha Fazal, Arshad Rahman
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved cellular process that facilitates the continuous recycling of intracellular components (organelles and proteins) and provides an alternative source of energy when nutrients are scarce. Recent studies have implicated autophagy in many disorders including pulmonary diseases. However, the role of autophagy in endothelial cell (EC) barrier dysfunction and its relevance in the context of acute lung injury (ALI) remains uncertain. Here, we provide evidence that autophagy is a critical component of EC barrier disruption in ALI...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
F Aboukhoudir, I Aboukhoudir, S Rekik
Diabetes mellitus has been associated with changes in the structure and function of the myocardium manifesting in the early stages of the disease as subtle systolic and diastolic dysfunction; myocardial strain imaging has recently been favored over dobutamine stress echocardiography for early detection of diabetic cardiomyopathy. We report a case of an elderly diabetic patient presenting with pulmonary edema in whom at rest echocardiographic parameters including strain rate were all within normal range, while dobutamine stress echocardiography induced a deep systolic deterioration unmasking an early-stage diabetic cardiomyopathy...
November 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Linda Elfsmark, Lina Ågren, Christine Akfur, Anders Bucht, Sofia Jonasson
Inhalation of chlorine (Cl2 ) may cause oxidative acute lung injury (ALI) characterized by pulmonary edema, pneumonitis, and hyperreactive airways. The aim of the study was to identify possible biomarkers for Cl2 -induced ALI. Female BALB/c mice were exposed to Cl2 for 15min using two protocols 1) concentration-dependent response (25-200ppm) and 2) time-kinetics (2h-14days post-exposure). Exposure to 50-200ppm Cl2 caused a concentration-dependent inflammatory response with increased expression of IL-1β, IL-6 and CXCL1/KC in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid 2-6h after exposure which was followed by increased lung permeability and a neutrophilic inflammation 12-24h post-exposure...
January 5, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Yong B Tan, Sujata Mulekar, Olena Gorodnya, Michael J Weyant, Martin R Zamora, Jon D Simmons, Tiago Machuka, Mark N Gillespie
Lung ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury contributes to post-transplant complications, including primary graft dysfunction. Decades of reports show that reactive oxygen species generated during lung IR contribute to pulmonary vascular endothelial barrier disruption and edema formation, but the specific target molecule(s) that "sense" injury-inducing oxidant stress to activate signaling pathways culminating in pathophysiologic changes have not been established. This review discusses evidence that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) may serve as a molecular sentinel wherein oxidative mtDNA damage functions as an upstream trigger for lung IR injury...
September 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Shams Y-Hassan, Per Tornvall
Takotsubo syndrome is a recently recognized acute cardiac disease entity with a clinical presentation resembling that of an acute coronary syndrome. The typical takotsubo syndrome patient has a unique circumferential left (bi-) ventricular contraction abnormality profile that extends beyond a coronary artery supply territory and appears to follow the anatomical cardiac sympathetic innervation. The syndrome predominantly affects postmenopausal women and is often preceded by emotional or physical stress. Patients with predisposing factors such as malignancy and other chronic comorbidities are more prone to suffer from takotsubo syndrome...
February 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
Ubaidur Rahaman
Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) results from mechanical disruption of blood-gas barrier and consequent edema and releases of inflammatory mediators. A transpulmonary pressure (PL ) of 17 cmH2 O increases baby lung volume to its anatomical limit, predisposing to VILI. Viscoelastic property of lung makes pulmonary mechanics time dependent so that stress (PL ) increases with respiratory rate. Alveolar inhomogeneity in acute respiratory distress syndrome acts as a stress riser, multiplying global stress at regional level experienced by baby lung...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Linlin Song, Di Li, Juan Wang, Chao Meng, Xiaoguang Cui
BACKGROUND: Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) is a pathologic process that is observed in several clinical conditions, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is involved. Diabetes mellitus (DM) results in an increased incidence of ischemia-induced organ damage. The aims of this study were to examine the effects of DM on LIRI in a rat model of DM and to explore the possible mechanisms in relation to the p38 MAPK pathway. METHODS: Forty rats were randomly divided into the following five groups (n = 8 each): a control + sham group, a control + IR group (CIR), a DM + sham group, a DM + IR group (DIR), and a DM + IR + SB203580 group...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Bhushan H Katira, Regan E Giesinger, Doreen Engelberts, Diana Zabini, Alik Kornecki, Gail Otulakowski, Takeshi Yoshida, Wolfgang M Kuebler, Patrick J McNamara, Kim A Connelly, Brian P Kavanagh
RATIONALE: In the original 1974 in vivo study of ventilator-induced lung injury, Webb and Tierney reported that high Vt with zero positive end-expiratory pressure caused overwhelming lung injury, subsequently shown by others to be due to lung shear stress. OBJECTIVES: To reproduce the lung injury and edema examined in the Webb and Tierney study and to investigate the underlying mechanism thereof. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats weighing approximately 400 g received mechanical ventilation for 60 minutes according to the protocol of Webb and Tierney (airway pressures of 14/0, 30/0, 45/10, 45/0 cm H2 O)...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Yingjie Zhang, Lei Fan, Ronggang Xi, Zhonghua Mao, Dan Shi, Ding Ding, Zhiran Zhang, Xiaobo Wang
Perfluoroisobutylene (PFIB) is a highly toxic gas that targets the lungs. Low-level inhalation of the gas can lead to acute lung injury (ALI), pulmonary edema and even death. No specific anti-PFIB drugs are currently available and the pathogenesis of PFIB-induced ALI is not fully understood. Early direct oxidative injury and a secondary hyper-inflammatory response are recognized as the primary mechanisms of PFIB-induced ALI. In the present study, our data demonstrate for the first time that a cytokine storm is associated with PFIB-induced ALI...
August 1, 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
Tobias Nilsson, Jan F Gielis, Alexis Slama, Christoffer Hansson, Andreas Wallinder, Sven-Erik Ricksten, Göran Dellgren
BACKGROUND: Two clinically used strategies for ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) were compared in a porcine model with respect to lung function, metabolism, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and cell viability. METHODS: Porcine lungs (n = 20) were preserved, harvested, and kept cooled for 2 hours. After randomization, EVLP was performed using a cellular perfusate and open left atrium (COA group) or an acellular perfusate and a closed left atrium (ACA group). Oxygenation (partial pressure of arterial oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen), compliance, dead space, weight, and perfusate oncotic pressure were registered before and after a 4-hour period of reconditioning...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Xiuli Tian, Zhijun Liu, Ting Yu, Haitao Yang, Linlin Feng
AIMS: Acute lung injury (ALI) is associated with excessive mortality and lacks appropriate therapy. Ghrelin is a novel peptide that protects the lung against ALI. This study aimed to investigate whether endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) mediates the protective effect of ghrelin on ALI. MAIN METHODS: We used a rat oleic acid (OA)-induced ALI model. Pulmonary impairment was detected by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, lung mechanics, wet/dry weight ratio, and arterial blood gas analysis...
July 24, 2017: Life Sciences
Haidy Yosri, Wagdi F Elkashef, Eman Said, Nariman M Gameil
Allergic asthma is a chronic respiratory disease with a prevalent T helper (Th2)-mediated immune reaction. Crocin, the major bioactive constituent of saffron, has been reported in multiple studies to have numerous pharmacological activities, including prominent anti-oxidant activities. In the current study, the anti-asthmatic potential of crocin was evaluated. Adult male Swiss Albino mice were administered 10mg of ovalbumin (OVA) mixed with 1mg of aluminum hydroxide intraperitoneally on days 0 and 7 and were administered crocin (25mg/kg) orally daily for 16days...
September 2017: International Immunopharmacology
Faguang Jin, Congcong Li
Drowning is a crucial public safety problem and is the third leading cause of accidental fatality, claiming ~372,000 lives annually, worldwide. In near-drowning patients, acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is one of the most common complications. Approximately 1/3 of near-drowning patients fulfill the criteria for ALI or ARDS. In the present article, the current literature of near-drowning, pathophysiologic changes and the molecular mechanisms of seawater-drowning-induced ALI and ARDS was reviewed...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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