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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728282/-epidemiologic-study-of-tear-film-lipid-layer-thickness-measurement-in-the-population-of-taishitun-community-in-beijing
#1
Q F Liang, X H Du, Y D Su, N L Wang, Z J Wei, Antoine Labbé
Objective: To investigate the distribution of tear film lipid layer thickness (LLT) and the relationship between symptoms and signs of dry eye and tear film LLT in the population of Taishitun Community in Beijing. Methods: A cross-sectional study. From May 2016 to August 2016, three streets of Taishitun Community were randomly selected as survey districts and 540 persons were taken as investigation subjects. Every participant completed 6 items of dry eye examinations as follows: questionnaire (Ocular Surface Disease Index, OSDI), measurement of tear film LLT, tear film break-up time (TBUT), corneal and conjunctival staining, SchirmerⅠtest and the infrared meibomian photography...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728240/-the-implantation-of-bonebridge-in-bilateral-congenital-malformation-of-external-and-middle-ear
#2
S Q Zhao, R Ren, D M Han, Y Li, X B Ma, D N Wang, Y L Li
Objective: To evaluate the auditory efficacy of Bonebridge implantation in patients with bilateral congenital malformation of external and middle ear. Methods: Eleven cases (6 males and 5 females) had unilateral Bonebridge implantation. The age ranged from 8 to 26 and the average age was 16.9. Seven to ten days after operation, the first fitting was undergone. In acoustic sound field, the average auditory thresholds were respectively measured for unaided ears and Bonebridge implanted ears by pure tone auditory (PTA, 0...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728189/spontaneous-globe-rupture-due-to-rapidly-evolving-endogenous-hypermucoid-klebsiella-pneumoniae-endophthalmitis
#3
Edward H Wood, Matthew A Powers, Darius M Moshfeghi
In this retrospective report, the authors describe a rare case of spontaneous globe rupture from Klebsiella pneumoniae endophthalmitis in a middle-aged man with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus. There have been only four previously reported cases of spontaneous globe rupture from endophthalmitis. Out of the now five reported cases, all have been due to endogenous endophthalmitis, four have been due to gram-negative bacteria, and three have been due to K. pneumoniae. K. pneumoniae, especially the hypermucoid variant with a protective polysaccharide capsule, is an emerging pathogen with remarkable virulence...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728065/c-reactive-protein-in-atherosclerosis-a-risk-marker-but-not-a-causal-factor-a-13-year-population-based-longitudinal-study-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#4
Agnethe Eltoft, Kjell Arne Arntzen, John-Bjarne Hansen, Tom Wilsgaard, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, Stein Harald Johnsen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: CRP predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD) in large epidemiologic studies. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the role of CRP in atherosclerosis formation and progression in a prospective population-based study. METHODS: 6503 middle-aged subjects from The Tromsø study had serum CRP, carotid ultrasound and complete covariate data collected at baseline in 1994. Of these, 4730 and 2917 attended follow-up surveys with repeated assessments in 2001 and 2007, respectively...
July 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727953/fatty-acid-composition-of-plasma-phosphatidylcholine-determines-body-fat-parameters-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome-related-traits
#5
Miroslav Zeman, Marek Vecka, Michal Burda, Eva Tvrzická, Barbora Staňková, Jaroslav Macášek, Aleš Žák
BACKGROUND: This study examines the associations of fatty acids (FAs) in plasma phosphatidylcholine (PC) with the anthropometrical and biochemical characteristic of patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS)-related traits. METHODS: We analyzed the FA profiles of PC in 300 persons with MetS-related traits (152 M/148F, mean age 46.9 ± 9.0 years) and in 70 healthy controls of the same age using a balanced men/women ratio and gas-liquid chromatography. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to determine the coefficients of determination (R(2)) using FA proportions of the mentioned proband characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727726/a-cross-sectional-seroepidemiological-survey-of-typhoid-fever-in-fiji
#6
Conall H Watson, Stephen Baker, Colleen L Lau, Kitione Rawalai, Mere Taufa, Jerimaia Coriakula, Nga Tran Vu Thieu, Tan Trinh Van, Dung Tran Thi Ngoc, Niel Hens, John Lowry, Ruklanthi de Alwis, Jorge Cano, Kylie Jenkins, E Kim Mulholland, Eric J Nilles, Mike Kama, W John Edmunds
Fiji, an upper-middle income state in the Pacific Ocean, has experienced an increase in confirmed case notifications of enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi). To characterize the epidemiology of typhoid exposure, we conducted a cross-sectional sero-epidemiological survey measuring IgG against the Vi antigen of S. Typhi to estimate the effect of age, ethnicity, and other variables on seroprevalence. Epidemiologically relevant cut-off titres were established using a mixed model analysis of data from recovering culture-confirmed typhoid cases...
July 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726285/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-executive-function-in-down-syndrome-from-2-to-35%C3%A2-years
#7
S J Loveall, F A Conners, A S Tungate, L J Hahn, T D Osso
BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated a unique profile of executive function (EF) in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). However, there is a paucity of research on EF in adults with DS. This study aimed to gain a broader understanding of strengths and weaknesses in EF in DS from 2 to 35 years. METHOD: Parents of 112 individuals with DS between 2 and 35 years participated in this study. Parents either completed the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function - for individuals 6+ years - or the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function Preschool Version - for children 2-5 years...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725992/social-profile-of-middle-school-aged-adolescents-who-use-electronic-cigarettes-implications-for-primary-prevention
#8
Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Megan L Smith, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
Electronic cigarette (EC) use continues to increase among adolescents. From a primary prevention point of view, an important gap in our knowledge includes determining whether young smokers that use EC maintain a distinct social profile from kids who use combustible cigarettes (CC). Survey data from middle school students in West Virginia, USA were collected between September and November of 2015 (N = 6547, response rate 84.7%) as part of a state wide school-based mental health intervention program. Data was analyzed using multinomial logistic regression for categorical data...
July 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725309/cronkhite-canada-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-chronic-diarrhea
#9
Umair Iqbal, Ahmad Chaudhary, Muhammad Arsalan Karim, Hafsa Anwar, Nancy Merrell
Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) is a rare non-hereditary disease characterized by chronic diarrhea, diffuse intestinal polyposis and onychodystrophy. We present here a case of a middle-aged female who presented with chronic intermittent bloody diarrhea associated alopecia and loss of finger and toe nails. Labs were remarkable for microcytic anemia and severe hypoalbuminemia. Endoscopy showed numerous polyps scattered throughout the colon. She was treated with nutritional support and corticosteroid with complete resolution of her symptoms and endoscopic findings...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724650/dynamic-relation-of-changes-in-weight-and-indices-of-fat-distribution-with-cardiac-structure-and-function-the-dallas-heart-study
#10
Bryan Wilner, Sonia Garg, Colby R Ayers, Christopher D Maroules, Roderick McColl, Susan A Matulevicius, James A de Lemos, Mark H Drazner, Ronald Peshock, Ian J Neeland
BACKGROUND: Obesity may increase heart failure risk through cardiac remodeling. Cross-sectional associations between adiposity and cardiac structure and function have been elucidated, but the impact of longitudinal changes in adiposity on cardiac remodeling is less well understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants in the Dallas Heart Study without cardiovascular disease or left ventricular dysfunction underwent assessment of body weight, anthropometrics, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and 7 years later...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724637/predictors-of-mortality-in-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers
#11
Ki-Ho Hong, Jae-Phil Choi, Seon-Hui Hong, Jeewon Lee, Ji-Soo Kwon, Sun-Mi Kim, Se Yoon Park, Ji-Young Rhee, Baek-Nam Kim, Hee Jung Choi, Eui-Cheol Shin, Hyunjoo Pai, Su-Hyung Park, Sung-Han Kim
We evaluated the clinical characteristics, cytokine/chemokine concentrations, viral shedding and antibody kinetics in 30 patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), including 6 non-survivors admitted to 3 MERS-designated hospitals. Old age, low albumin, altered mentality and high pneumonia severity index score at admission were risk factors for mortality. In addition, severe signs of inflammation at initial presentation (at hospital days 1-4), such as high inducible protein-10 (p=0.0013), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (p=0...
July 19, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724586/cardiovascular-health-in-young-adulthood-and-structural-brain-mri-in-midlife-the-cardia-study
#12
Michael P Bancks, Norrina B Allen, Prachi Dubey, Lenore J Launer, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Jared P Reis, Stephen Sidney, Yuichiro Yano, Pamela J Schreiner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the American Heart Association (AHA) Life's Simple 7 (LS7) metric and brain structure. METHODS: We determined cardiovascular health (CVH) according to the AHA LS7, assigning 0, 1, or 2 points for meeting poor, intermediate, or ideal criteria for the 7 components (range 0-14) at baseline (aged 18-30 years in 1985-1986) and year 25 follow-up examination for 518 participants of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) brain MRI substudy...
July 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724371/association-between-full-service-and-fast-food-restaurant-density-dietary-intake-and-overweight-obesity-among-adults-in-delhi-india
#13
Opal Patel, Safraj Shahulhameed, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammad Tayyab, Atiqur Rahman, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Nikhil Tandon, Lindsay M Jaacks
BACKGROUND: The food environment has been implicated as an underlying contributor to the global obesity epidemic. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between the food environment, dietary intake, and overweight/obesity in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study was to assess the association of full service and fast food restaurant density with dietary intake and overweight/obesity in Delhi, India. METHODS: Data are from a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Delhi...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724300/spirituality-in-young-adults-with-end-stage-cancer-a-review-of-the-literature-and-a-call-for-research
#14
Erin G Mistretta
Existing research finds that spiritual wellness may enhance quality of life in those with end-stage cancer. Unfortunately, much of the literature is focused on the spirituality of those in middle and older adulthood, leaving questions about the spirituality of young adults facing life-threatening illness. This article reviews the current landscape of spirituality in young adults with cancer. In addition, this paper serves as a call for research to consider the development of spirituality in this unique population...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723941/heat-treatment-as-a-universal-technical-solution-for-silcrete-use-a-comparison-between-silcrete-from-the-western-cape-south-africa-and-the-kalahari-botswana
#15
Patrick Schmidt, David J Nash, Sheila Coulson, Matthias B Göden, Graeme J Awcock
Heat treatment was one of the first transformative technologies in the southern African Middle Stone Age (MSA), with many studies in the Cape coastal zone of South Africa identifying it as an essential step in the preparation of silcrete prior to its use in stone tool manufacture. To date, however, no studies have investigated whether heat treatment is necessary for all silcrete types, and how geographically widespread heat treatment was in the subcontinent. The aim of this study is to investigate experimentally whether heat treatment continued further north into the Kalahari Desert of Botswana and northernmost South Africa, the closest area with major silcrete outcrops to the Cape...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723927/piped-water-supply-interruptions-and-acute-diarrhea-among-under-five-children-in-addis-ababa-slums-ethiopia-a-matched-case-control-study
#16
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Girmay Medhin, Helmut Kloos, Worku Mulat
BACKGROUND: The problem of intermittent piped water supplies that exists in low- and middle-income countries is particularly severe in the slums of sub-Saharan Africa. However, little is known about whether there is deterioration of the microbiological quality of the intermittent piped water supply at a household level and whether it is a factor in reducing or increasing the occurrence of acute diarrhea among under-five children in slums of Addis Ababa. This study aimed to determine the association of intermittent piped water supplies and point-of-use (POU) contamination of household stored water by Escherichia coli (E...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722577/risk-factors-for-norovirus-gastroenteritis-among-nicaraguan-children
#17
Joann F Gruber, Natalie M Bowman, Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Yaoska Reyes, Connor Belson, Kenan C Michaels, Filemon Bucardo
Norovirus is a leading cause of pediatric gastroenteritis. Understanding norovirus epidemiology is essential for reducing disease burden. We conducted a case-control study to describe the distribution, clinical features, and risk factors of norovirus gastroenteritis among children < 5 years of age in León, Nicaragua. Cases were children testing positive for norovirus and controls were children living in the cases' communities. Study staff interviewed mothers of enrolled cases and controls to obtain detailed exposure information including food, water, and sanitation sources; recent exposures; household characteristics; and handwashing practices...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722558/situating-mobile-health-a-qualitative-study-of-mhealth-expectations-in-the-rural-health-district-of-nouna-burkina-faso
#18
Vincent Duclos, Maurice Yé, Kagoné Moubassira, Hamidou Sanou, N Hélène Sawadogo, Gilles Bibeau, Ali Sié
BACKGROUND: The implementation of mobile health (mHealth) projects in low- and middle-income countries raises high and well-documented expectations among development agencies, policymakers and researchers. By contrast, the expectations of direct and indirect mHealth users are not often examined. In preparation for a proposed intervention in the Nouna Health District, in rural Burkina Faso, this study investigates the expected benefits, challenges and limitations associated with mHealth, approaching these expectations as a form of situated knowledge, inseparable from local conditions, practices and experiences...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722167/assisted-autogenic-drainage-in-infants-and-young-children-hospitalized-with-uncomplicated-pneumonia-a-pilot-study
#19
Lieselotte Corten, Jennifer Jelsma, Anri Human, Sameer Rahim, Brenda M Morrow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pneumonia is the most important respiratory problem in low-to-middle income countries. Airway clearance therapy continues to be used in children with pneumonia and secretion retention; however, there is lack of evidence to support or reject this treatment. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the efficacy and safety of assisted autogenic drainage (AAD) compared to standard nursing care in children hospitalized with uncomplicated pneumonia...
July 19, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721742/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-memory-complaints-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Lotte Berk, Rafke Hotterbeekx, Jim van Os, Martin van Boxtel
OBJECTIVES: In a rapidly aging world population, an increasingly large group faces age-related decline in cognitive functioning. Cognitive complaints of older adults are often related to worries and concerns associated with age-related functional decline. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) can successfully target stress, worry and ruminative thinking, but the applicability of this method in middle-aged and older adults with memory complaints is unclear. METHOD: Patients of a university hospital memory clinic (n = 13), aged 45-85 years, with memory complaints but no diagnosis of cognitive disorder, participated in a standard 8-week MBSR program, consisting of weekly group meetings and a one-day silent retreat...
July 19, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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