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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050175/-effects-of-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-ureterolithotomy-and-flexible-ureteroscopic-holmium-laser-lithotripsy-for-complex-upper-ureteral-calculi
#1
L J Zhang, B Wu, Z L Zha, H Zhao, W Yang, X H Chen, B Jiang, Q Huang, W J Li, J Yuan
Objective: To explore the clinical effects of retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy (RPLU) and flexible-ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy (f-UHLL) for complicated upper ureteral calculi. Methods: A total of 45 cases of complicated upper ureteral calculi between March 2014 and January 2016 in Department of Urology, Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College were retrospectively analyzed, there were 32 males and 13 females, ranging from 27 to 45 years with an average age of (34...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050150/-diagnostic-value-analysis-of-capsule-endoscopy-in-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-patients-of-different-ages
#2
C S E Wang, J N Li, Y N Wang, H Yang, J M Qian
Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of capsular endoscopy in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) in different age groups, and assess its effectiveness and safety. Methods: A total of 216 patients who were diagnosed with OGIB between March 2005 and March 2016 at Department of Gastroenterology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. They were assigned into three groups: young adults, middle-aged and elderly. The demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations, working performance as well as endoscopic features in each group were collected and analyzed...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049601/age-related-changes-in-objective-and-subjective-speech-perception-in-complex-listening-environments
#3
Karen S Helfer, Gabrielle R Merchant, Peter A Wasiuk
Purpose: A frequent complaint by older adults is difficulty communicating in challenging acoustic environments. The purpose of this work was to review and summarize information about how speech perception in complex listening situations changes across the adult age range. Method: This article provides a review of age-related changes in speech understanding in complex listening environments and summarizes results from several studies conducted in our laboratory. Results: Both degree of high frequency hearing loss and cognitive test performance limit individuals' ability to understand speech in difficult listening situations as they age...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049398/gravidity-is-not-associated-with-telomere-length-in-a-biracial-cohort-of-middle-aged-women-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#4
Abbi D Lane-Cordova, Eli Puterman, Erica P Gunderson, Cheeling Chan, Lifang Hou, Mercedes Carnethon
OBJECTIVE: Having experienced 2-3 births is associated with reduced mortality versus women with <2 or ≥4 births. The effect of 2-3 births on lifespan may be associated with delayed cellular aging. We hypothesized telomere length, a marker of cellular aging, would be longer in women who had 2-3 pregnancies. METHODS: Leukocyte telomere length was measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in 620 women in CARDIA at the year 15 and 20 exams, expressed as the ratio of telomere repeat copy number to single-copy gene copy number (T/S)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049118/risk-factors-for-opioid-use-disorder-and-overdose
#5
Lynn R Webster
Opioid analgesics are recognized as a legitimate medical therapy for selected patients with severe chronic pain that does not respond to other therapies. However, opioids are associated with risks for patients and society that include misuse, abuse, diversion, addiction, and overdose deaths. Therapeutic success depends on proper candidate selection, assessment before administering opioid therapy, and close monitoring throughout the course of treatment. Risk assessment and prevention include knowledge of patient factors that may contribute to misuse, abuse, addiction, suicide, and respiratory depression...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049098/distribution-of-elastic-fibers-in-the-lacrimal-sac-and-nasolacrimal-duct-of-japanese-cadavers
#6
Yoshiyuki Kitaguchi, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Takashi Nakano, Munekazu Naito, Hiroshi Ikeda, Hidetaka Miyazaki, Hirohiko Kakizaki
PURPOSE: To investigate the distribution of elastic fibers in lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal duct of Japanese cadavers. METHODS: We examined 8 lacrimal sacs and nasolacrimal ducts of 7 Japanese cadavers (4 right sides, 4 left sides; 3 mal es, 4 females; average age of 89 years at death) that were preserved with 10% buffered formalin. The harvested specimens were transversely sectioned. All specimens were stained with Elastica van Gieson. Micrographs were taken, and then converted to white and black images, and the elastic fiber density of 4 locations (middle and upper levels of lacrimal sac, and middle and lower levels of nasolacrimal duct) was compared...
October 14, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048731/caesarean-delivery-and-anaemia-risk-in-children-in-45-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Calistus Wilunda, Satomi Yoshida, Marta Blangiardo, Ana Pilar Betran, Shiro Tanaka, Koji Kawakami
Caesarean delivery (CD) may reduce placental transfusion and cause poor iron-related haematological indices in the neonate. We aimed to explore the association between CD and anaemia in children aged <5 years utilising data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2005 and 2015 in 45 low- and middle-income countries (N = 132,877). We defined anaemia categories based on haemoglobin levels, analysed each country's data separately using propensity-score weighting, pooled the country-specific odds ratios (ORs) using random effects meta-analysis, and performed meta-regression to determine whether the association between CD and anaemia varies by national CD rate, anaemia prevalence, and gross national income...
October 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048301/beyond-the-big-five-the-role-of-extrinsic-life-aspirations-in-compulsive-buying
#8
José M Otero-López, Estíbaliz Villardefrancos Pol, Cristina Castro Bolaño
BACKGROUND: The integration of units of differing natures which are found in different parts of some multilevel personality models is one of the most thought-provoking paths in contemporary research. In the field of compulsive buying, little is known about the interrelationships between the comparative and stable units such as personality traits (basic tendencies or Level I units) and goals (a kind of middle-level unit) which are more related to motivational processes and intentions governing people’s behavior...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048227/nephrolithiasis-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-urban-chinese-a-report-from-prospective-cohort-studies-in-shanghai
#9
Xiang Shu, Hui Cai, Yong-Bing Xiang, Honglan Li, Loren Lipworth, Nicole L Miller, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Ou Shu, Ryan S Hsi
INTRODUCTION: Kidney stone risk factors are understudied among Asians. Our study objective was to investigate associations of obesity and other chronic diseases with incident kidney stones among the urban Chinese. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Included in this study are 2 prospective cohorts: the Shanghai Women's Health Study (N = 69,166) and Shanghai Men's Health Study (N= 58,054). Incident kidney stones were determined by self-report in 2004 and 2008. Cox regression models were used to evaluate the associations of study variables with stone risk with adjustment of demographics, medical history, and dietary intakes...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047225/understanding-middle-aged-and-older-adults-first-associations-with-the-word-cancer-a-mixed-methods-study-in-england
#10
Edelyn Agustina, Rachael H Dodd, Jo Waller, Charlotte Vrinten
OBJECTIVE: Cancer is still widely feared and often associated with death. Fatalistic beliefs adversely affect help-seeking for cancer symptoms and engagement in cancer prevention. This study aims to understand middle-aged and older adults' first association with the word 'cancer', and their relationship with sociodemographic factors, cancer fear, and cancer information avoidance. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1464 community-based adults aged 50 to 70 living in England in April 2015...
October 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047168/changes-in-sleep-quality-with-age-a-36-year-follow-up-study-of-finnish-working-aged-adults
#11
Christer Hublin, Mikko Lehtovirta, Markku Partinen, Markku Koskenvuo, Jaakko Kaprio
Long-term follow-up data on changes in sleep quality among middle-aged adults is scarce. We assessed sleep quality in a population-based cohort (n = 4847) of twins born between 1945 and 1957 during a follow-up of 36 years, with four measurement points in 1975, 1981, 1990 and 2011. Sleep quality was categorized as sleeping well, fairly well, fairly poorly or poorly. The mean age at the beginning of follow-up was 24.0, and at the end was 60.3 years. Of all the adults, 71.1% slept well or fairly well at each time-point throughout the follow-up and 0...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047012/chronic-curcumin-treatment-improves-spatial-working-memory-but-not-recognition-memory-in-middle-aged-rhesus-monkeys
#12
Tara L Moore, Bethany Bowley, Penny Shultz, Samantha Calderazzo, Eli Shobin, Ronald J Killiany, Douglas L Rosene, Mark B Moss
Studies of both humans and non-human primates have demonstrated that aging is typically characterized by a decline in cognition that can occur as early as the fifth decade of life. Age-related changes in working memory are particularly evident and mediated, in part, by the prefrontal cortex, an area known to evidence age-related changes in myelin that is attributed to inflammation. In recent years, several nutraceuticals, including curcumin, by virtue of their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, have received considerable attention as potential treatments for age-related cognitive decline and inflammation...
October 18, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046999/attentional-orienting-to-emotional-faces-moderates-the-association-between-callous-unemotional-traits-and-peer-nominated-aggression-in-young-adolescent-school-children
#13
Enrica Ciucci, Eva Kimonis, Paul J Frick, Stefania Righi, Andrea Baroncelli, Giovanna Tambasco, Carolina Facci
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits are associated with aggressive behavior but preliminary research suggests this relationship is modified by patterns of emotional processing. This study examined whether attentional orienting to emotional faces moderated the association between CU traits and peer-nominated aggression in 251 middle school students (53% females, mean age = 13.24 years, SD = 0.73). Attentional orienting was assessed using an emotional faces (i.e., angry, fearful, happy, sad, and neutral) variant of the dot-probe task...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046980/aortic-stiffness-in-aging-and-hypertension-prevention-and-treatment-with-habitual-aerobic-exercise
#14
REVIEW
Gary L Pierce
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Habitual aerobic exercise is associated with lower aortic stiffness, as measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CFPWV), in middle-aged/older adults without hypertension, but beneficial effects of aerobic exercise on CFPWV in hypertension remain contraversial. Therefore, the focus of this review is to discuss the evidence for and against the beneficial effects of aerobic exercise on aortic stiffness in middle-aged and older adults with hypertension, possible limitations in these studies, and highlight novel directions for future research...
October 18, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046646/role-of-sex-hormones-in-the-control-of-vegetative-and-metabolic-functions-of-middle-aged-women
#15
Vincenzo Monda, Monica Salerno, Moscatelli Fiorenzo, Ines Villano, Andrea Viggiano, Francesco Sessa, Antonio I Triggiani, Giuseppe Cibelli, Anna Valenzano, Gabriella Marsala, Christian Zammit, Maria Ruberto, Giovanni Messina, Marcellino Monda, Vincenzo De Luca, Antonietta Messina
Aims: In women's life, menopause is characterized by significant physiological changes often associated with an increase in body mass and obesity-associated sicknesses. Numerous researches described interdependencies of estrogen deficiency, aging, and resting energy expenditure (REE) downfall in the obesity correlated with the menopause. The aim of this study was to determining whether healthy, obese menopausal women underwent HRT treatment, showed changes in their REE, autonomic asset, and assessment of oxidative stress in comparison with obese pre- and post-menopausal women...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046614/long-term-effects-of-nurse-led-individualized-education-on-middle-aged-patients-with-acute-coronary-synrome-a-quasi-experimental-study
#16
Jae Lan Shim, Seon Young Hwang
BACKGROUND: This study examined the long-term effects of nurse-led, individualized education on self-efficacy, self-care compliance, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in middle-aged patients with new-onset acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used in the study. A cardiovascular nurse provided individualized education to the intervention group (n = 32), and self-efficacy, self-care compliance, and HRQoL at baseline and 3 and 12 months after discharge were compared to those of a control group (n = 30)...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045908/long-term-exposure-to-residential-railway-and-road-traffic-noise-and-risk-for-diabetes-in-a-danish-cohort
#17
Nina Roswall, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Steen Solvang Jensen, Anne Tjønneland, Mette Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Road traffic noise exposure has been found associated with diabetes incidence. Evidence for an association between railway noise exposure is less clear, as large studies with detailed railway noise modelling are lacking. PURPOSE: To investigate the association between residential railway noise and diabetes incidence, and to repeat previous analyses on road traffic noise and diabetes with longer follow-up time. METHODS: Among 50,534 middle-aged Danes enrolled into the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort from 1993 to 97, we identified 5062 cases of incident diabetes during a median follow-up of 15...
October 15, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045681/international-patterns-and-trends-in-endometrial-cancer-incidence-1978-2013
#18
Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Jacques Ferlay, Freddie Bray, Ahmedin Jemal
Background: Cancers of the corpus uteri-primarily of the endometrium-rank as the sixth most common neoplasm in women worldwide. Analyses of the global patterns and trends of uterine cancer rates are needed in view of the ongoing obesity epidemic, a major risk factor for the disease. Methods: Data on endometrial cancer (ICD-10 C54) incidence from population-based cancer registries in 43 populations, published in CI5plus or by registries, were extracted for 1978 to 2013...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044753/development-of-a-quantitative-intracranial-vascular-features-extraction-tool-on-3d-mra-using-semiautomated-open-curve-active-contour-vessel-tracing
#19
Li Chen, Mahmud Mossa-Basha, Niranjan Balu, Gador Canton, Jie Sun, Kristi Pimentel, Thomas S Hatsukami, Jenq-Neng Hwang, Chun Yuan
PURPOSE: To develop a quantitative intracranial artery measurement technique to extract comprehensive artery features from time-of-flight MR angiography (MRA). METHODS: By semiautomatically tracing arteries based on an open-curve active contour model in a graphical user interface, 12 basic morphometric features and 16 basic intensity features for each artery were identified. Arteries were then classified as one of 24 types using prediction from a probability model...
October 17, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044395/modelling-total-coronary-heart-disease-burden-and-long-term-benefit-of-cholesterol-lowering-in-middle-aged-men-with-and-without-a-history-of-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Chris J Packard, Robin Young, Kevin Ross, Ian Ford, Baishali M Ambegaonkar, Philippe Brudi, Colin McCowan
Aims: Cumulative coronary heart disease (CHD) events over 20 years were examined in men screened for, and in those randomized to, the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study. Methods and results: Record linkage provided CHD-related events and days in hospital for the 80 230 screenees, including the randomized cohort of 6595 men. Risk factors were determined at baseline, and disease burden assessed for groups defined by cholesterol. Effects of cholesterol lowering were modelled from differences between groups, and from the treatment arms of the trial...
October 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
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