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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910795/i-did-eat-my-vegetables-agreement-between-parent-and-child-food-intake-diaries
#1
Natalie Rangelov, L Suzanne Suggs, Pedro Marques-Vidal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of agreement between children and their parents when reporting a child's food consumption. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in which children and parents independently completed 7 d food diaries describing the foods and drinks the child consumed at every meal and snack. The association between child and parent reporting was assessed for nineteen food groups using Kendall's tau-b non-parametric correlations, Spearman's rank correlations, kappa coefficients and Lin's concordance measure of agreement...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908547/high-dietary-choline-and-betaine-intake-is-associated-with-low-insulin-resistance-in-the-newfoundland-population
#2
Xiang Gao, Yongbo Wang, Guang Sun
OBJECTIVE: Dietary betaine supplement could ameliorate insulin resistance (IR) in animals, but no data are available for choline. Reports on humans are rare. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between dietary choline and betaine intake and IR in humans. METHODS: We assessed 2394 adults from the CODING (Complex Diseases in the Newfoundland population: Environment and Genetics) study. Intake of dietary choline and betaine was evaluated from the Willett Food Frequency Questionnaire...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907978/comparison-of-the-single-dose-pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-and-safety-of-two-novel-oral-formulations-of-dimethandrolone-undecanoate-dmau-a-potential-oral-male-contraceptive
#3
R Ayoub, S T Page, R S Swerdloff, P Y Liu, J K Amory, A Leung, L Hull, D Blithe, A Christy, J H Chao, W J Bremner, C Wang
Dimethandrolone (DMA, 7α,11β-dimethyl-19-nortestosterone) has both androgenic and progestational activities, ideal properties for a male hormonal contraceptive. In vivo, dimethandrolone undecanoate (DMAU) is hydrolyzed to DMA. We showed previously that single oral doses of DMAU powder in capsule taken with food are well tolerated and effective at suppressing both LH and testosterone (T), but absorption was low. We compared the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of two new formulations of DMAU, in castor oil and in self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS), with the previously tested powder formulation...
December 1, 2016: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904578/low-energy-density-diet-weight-loss-maintenance-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-following-a-recent-weight-reduction-program-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Golgis Karimi, Leila Azadbakht, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of a low energy dense diet on weight maintenance and cardiovascular risks following a recent weight reduction. Therefore, we assessed if weight maintenance, lipid profiles, and glycemic control differ between low energy density (LED) diet and usual diet consumers following a recent weight reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial study in a parallel design, we recruited 70 patients with the history of weight reduction in the recent 1 year...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903745/inhibiting-microglia-expansion-prevents-diet-induced-hypothalamic-and-peripheral-inflammation
#5
Caroline André, Omar Guzman-Quevedo, Charlotte Rey, Julie Rémus-Borel, Samantha Clark, Ashley Castellanos-Jankiewicz, Elodie Ladeveze, Thierry Leste-Lasserre, Agnes Nadjar, Djoher Nora Abrous, Sophie Laye, Daniela Cota
Cell proliferation and neuroinflammation in the adult hypothalamus may contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity. Here we tested whether the intertwining of these two processes has a role in the metabolic changes caused by three weeks of saturated high-fat diet (HFD) consumption.As compared to chow, HFD-fed mice rapidly increased body weight and fat mass, and specifically showed increased microglia number in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the hypothalamus. Microglia expansion required the adequate presence of fats and carbohydrates in the diet, since feeding mice a very high-fat, very low-carbohydrate diet did not affect cell proliferation...
November 30, 2016: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903522/dietary-patterns-explaining-differences-in-bone-mineral-density-and-hip-structure-in-the-elderly-the-rotterdam-study
#6
Ester Al de Jonge, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Brenda Ct Kieboom, Trudy Voortman, Oscar H Franco, Fernando Rivadeneira
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the association between dietary patterns, measures of hip bone geometry, and subsequent fracture risk are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether dietary patterns that explain most variation in bone mineral density (BMD) and hip bone geometry are associated with fracture risk. DESIGN: We included 4028 subjects aged ≥55 y from the Rotterdam study. Intake of 28 food groups was assessed with the use of food-frequency questionnaires...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903520/visceral-adiposity-and-metabolic-syndrome-after-very-high-fat-and-low-fat-isocaloric-diets-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Vivian L Veum, Johnny Laupsa-Borge, Øyvin Eng, Espen Rostrup, Terje H Larsen, Jan Erik Nordrehaug, Ottar K Nygård, Jørn V Sagen, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen, Simon N Dankel, Gunnar Mellgren
BACKGROUND: Different aspects of dietary pattern, including macronutrient and food profiles, may affect visceral fat mass and metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that consuming energy primarily from carbohydrate or fat in diets with similar food profiles would differentially affect the ability to reverse visceral adiposity and metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: Forty-six men (aged 30-50 y) with body mass index (in kg/m(2)) >29 and waist circumference >98 cm were randomly assigned to a very high-fat, low-carbohydrate (VHFLC; 73% of energy fat and 10% of energy carbohydrate) or low-fat, high-carbohydrate (LFHC; 30% of energy fat and 53% of energy carbohydrate) diet for 12 wk...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903519/dairy-intake-and-fecundability-in-2-preconception-cohort-studies
#8
Lauren A Wise, Amelia K Wesselink, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Heidi Cueto, Kristen A Hahn, Kenneth J Rothman, Katherine L Tucker, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Elizabeth E Hatch
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have shown that a high intake of galactose, a breakdown product of lactose, increases ovarian toxicity. Few epidemiologic studies, to our knowledge, have examined the association between dairy intake and fertility, and they have had conflicting findings. OBJECTIVE: We prospectively evaluated dairy intake in relation to fecundability among women who were planning for pregnancy. DESIGN: Data were derived from preconception cohort studies in Denmark (Snart Foraeldre) and North America [PRESTO (Pregnancy Study Online)] in which women completed a validated food-frequency questionnaire 10 d after enrollment...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901255/assessment-and-nutrition-education-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#9
Claudinéa S Almeida, Patricia Stanich, Cristina C S Salvioni, Solange Diccini
Neurological patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)often deteriorate to a worsening nutritional status. The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional status and food intake after nutrition education in patients with ALS. Clinical, anthropometric and functional variables were analyzed. Fifty-three patients were monitored at an early stage of the disease. The average score on the functionality scale was 33 points. Initially only 3.8% were classified as low body weight. After three months, 50% showed significant variation in anthropometric measures related to muscle mass and body fat reserves without association with clinical variables...
November 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901029/synchronic-inverse-seasonal-rhythmus-of-energy-density-of-food-intake-and-sleep-quality-a-contribution-to-chrono-nutrition-from-a-polish-adult-population
#10
M Stelmach-Mardas, K Iqbal, M Mardas, L Schwingshackl, J Walkowiak, R J Tower, H Boeing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is evidence which suggests that sleep behavior and dietary intake are interlinked. Thus, we investigated whether a seasonal rhythm in food-energy density exists, and how this relates to quality of sleep. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Two hundred and thirty adult volunteers were investigated across the four seasons. Anthropometrical measurements were obtained and The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used for an assessment of sleep quality and disturbances...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899690/comparing-dietary-patterns-derived-by-two-methods-and-their-associations-with-obesity-in-polish-girls-aged-13-21-years-the-cross-sectional-gebahealth-study
#11
REVIEW
Lidia Wadolowska, Joanna Kowalkowska, Jolanta Czarnocinska, Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Ewa Babicz-Zielinska
AIMS: To compare dietary patterns (DPs) derived by two methods and their assessment as a factor of obesity in girls aged 13-21 years. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional study conducted among the representative sample of Polish females (n = 1,107) aged 13-21 years were used. Subjects were randomly selected. Dietary information was collected using three short-validated food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) regarding fibre intake, fat intake and overall food intake variety...
November 29, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898907/apparent-total-tract-macronutrient-digestibility-fecal-characteristics-and-fecal-fermentative-end-product-concentrations-of-healthy-adult-dogs-fed-bioprocessed-soy-protein
#13
A N Beloshapka, M R C de Godoy, K B Detweiler, M Newcomb, K H Ellegård, G C Fahey, K S Swanson
Animal proteins are commonly used in extruded dog foods. Plant-based proteins have a more consistent nutrient profile than animal sources but may contain antinutritional factors, including trypsin inhibitors and oligosaccharides. Bioprocessed soy protein (SP; HP-300; Hamlet Protein, Inc., Findlay, OH) is a processed soy-based product with low antinutritional factor concentrations and high protein quality. The objective was to evaluate the effects of SP on apparent total tract macronutrient digestibility, fecal characteristics, and fecal fermentative end products...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896586/effect-of-berberine-on-the-ratio-of-high-molecular-weight-adiponectin-to-total-adiponectin-and-adiponectin-receptors-expressions-in-high-fat-diet-fed-rats
#14
Yue-Yue Wu, Ying Zha, Jun Liu, Fang Wang, Jiong Xu, Zao-Ping Chen, He-Yuan Ding, Li Sheng, Xiao-Jie Han
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of berberine (BBR) on high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin and adiponectin receptors (adipoR1/adipoR2) expressions in high-fat (HF) diet fed rats. METHODS: Forty Wistar male rats were randomly assigned into a normal diet fed group and three HF diet (fat for 45% calories) fed groups (n=10 for each group). All rats underwent 12 weeks of feeding. After 4 weeks feeding, rats in the two of three HF diet fed groups were treated with 150 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1) BBR (HF+LBBR group) and 380 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1) BBR (HF+HBBR group) by gavage once a day respectively for the next 8 weeks while the rats in other groups treated with vehicle (NF+Veh and HF+Veh)...
November 17, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895819/nutrition-insulin-resistance-and-dysfunctional-adipose-tissue-determine-the-different-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Juan Antonio Paniagua
Obesity is an excessive accumulation of body fat that may be harmful to health. Today, obesity is a major public health problem, affecting in greater or lesser proportion all demographic groups. Obesity is estimated by body mass index (BMI) in a clinical setting, but BMI reports neither body composition nor the location of excess body fat. Deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes accounted for approximately 65% of all deaths, and adiposity and mainly abdominal adiposity are associated with all these disorders...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894098/impact-of-mediterranean-diet-on-metabolic-syndrome-cancer-and-longevity
#16
Nicola Di Daniele, Annalisa Noce, Maria Francesca Vidiri, Eleonora Moriconi, Giulia Marrone, Margherita Annicchiarico-Petruzzelli, Gabriele D'Urso, Manfredi Tesauro, Valentina Rovella, Antonino De Lorenzo
Obesity symbolizes a major public health problem. Overweight and obesity are associated to the occurrence of the metabolic syndrome and to adipose tissue dysfunction. The adipose tissue is metabolically active and an endocrine organ, whose dysregulation causes a low-grade inflammatory state and ectopic fat depositions. The Mediterranean Diet represents a possible therapy for metabolic syndrome, preventing adiposopathy or "sick fat" formation.The Mediterranean Diet exerts protective effects in elderly subjects with and without baseline of chronic diseases...
November 24, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#17
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886622/linoleic-acid-causes-greater-weight-gain-than-saturated-fat-without-hypothalamic-inflammation-in-the-male-mouse
#18
Kyle J Mamounis, Ali Yasrebi, Troy A Roepke
A significant change in the Western diet, concurrent with the obesity epidemic, was a substitution of saturated fatty acids with polyunsaturated, specifically linoleic acid (LA). Despite increasing investigation on type as well as amount of fat, it is unclear which fatty acids are most obesogenic. The objective of this study was to determine the obesogenic potency of LA vs. saturated fatty acids and the involvement of hypothalamic inflammation. Forty-eight mice were divided into four groups: low-fat or three high-fat diets (HFDs, 45% kcals from fat) with LA comprising 1%, 15% and 22...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885554/short-term-effects-of-a-green-coffee-extract-garcinia-c-ambogia-and-l-carnitine-containing-chewing-gum-on-snack-intake-and-appetite-regulation
#19
Cecilia Bobillo, Graham Finlayson, Ana Martínez, Daniela Fischman, Analisa Beneitez, Alejandro J Ferrero, Belisario E Fernández, Marcos A Mayer
INTRODUCTION: Different studies have assessed the influence of chewing gum to aid control of appetite and reduce food intake. PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effects of chewing gum on satiety, food hedonics and snack intake and to explore the potential effects of the combination of Garcinia c ambogia, green coffee extract and L-carnitine on satiety, when administered in a gum format. METHODS: This was a prospective study in which 57 subjects randomly received three kinds of treatments, in a crossover design: (1) active gum; (2) placebo gum; and (3) no gum...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884184/dietary-patterns-of-early-childhood-and-maternal-socioeconomic-status-in-a-unique-prospective-sample-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-prenatal-dha-supplementation
#20
Brandon H Hidaka, Elizabeth H Kerling, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, Debra K Sullivan, John Colombo, Susan E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child's growth and development. The aim of this study was to define the major dietary patterns in a cohort of young US children, construct a maternal SES index, and evaluate their associations. METHODS: The diets of 190 children from a randomized, controlled trial of prenatal supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were recorded at 6-mo intervals from 2-4...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
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