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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732190/comparison-of-the-acc-aha-and-framingham-algorithms-to-assess-cardiovascular-risk-in-hiv-infected-patients
#1
Lauro Ferreira da Silva Pinto Neto, Fernanda Rezende Dias, Flavia Feres Bressan, Carolina Rocio Oliveira Santos
The aim of this study was to compare the predictions of Framingham cardiovascular (CV) risk score (FRS) and the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) risk score in an HIV outpatient clinic in the city of Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil. In a cross-sectional study 341 HIV infected patients over 40 years old consecutively recruited were interviewed. Cohen's kappa coefficient was used to assess agreement between the two algorithms. 61.3% were stratified as low risk by Framingham score, compared with 54% by ACC/AHA score (Spearman correlation 0...
July 18, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731673/-kawasaki-disease-interdisciplinary-and-intersocieties-consensus-clinical-guidelines-brief-version
#2
(no author information available yet)
Kawasaki disease is an acute self-limiting systemic vasculitis. It is the most common cause of acquired heart disease, with the risk of developing coronary artery aneurysms, myocardial infarction and sudden death. Diagnosis is based on the presence of fever in addition to other clinical criteria. The quarter of the Kawasaki disease patients have "incomplete" presentation. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin within ten days of fever onset improves clinical outcomes and reduces the incidence of coronary artery dilation to less than 5%...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730857/controversies-in-complex-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-radial-versus-femoral
#3
Ian C Gilchrist, Stephen O Awuor, Rhian E Davies, Anene C Ukaigwe
Evolution in the technology used in the cardiac catheterization laboratory has permitted a migration from the femoral to radial artery access for many interventional procedures while concurrently improving outcomes. As a disruptive technology, transradial access has been associated with several controversies including a dichotomous relationship with femoral access. Areas covered: Several different patient subsets along with perceived technical challenges in interventional cardiology are reviewed with regard to the issue of access site...
July 21, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730415/spect-workhorse-of-state-of-the-art-nuclear-cardiology
#4
Milena J Henzlova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730414/erratum-to-cytopathology-of%C3%A2-pericardial-effusions-experience-from-a%C3%A2-tertiary-center-of%C3%A2-cardiology
#5
C Gecmen, G G Gecmen, D Ece, M Kahyaoğlu, A Kalayci, C Y Karabay, O Candan, M E Isik, F Yilmaz, O Akgun, M Celik, I A Izgi, C Kirma, S Keser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730319/management-of-postoperative-junctional-ectopic-tachycardia-in-pediatric-patients-a-survey-of-30-centers-in-germany-austria-and-switzerland
#6
Andreas Entenmann, Miriam Michel, Ulrike Herberg, Nikolaus Haas, Matthias Kumpf, Matthias Gass, Friedemann Egender, Roman Gebauer
Postoperative junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a frequent complication after pediatric cardiac surgery. Current recommendations on how and when to treat JET are inconsistent. We evaluated the management strategies of postoperative JET in German-speaking countries. We sent an online survey to 30 centers of pediatric cardiology that perform surgery for congenital heart defects in Germany (24), Austria (4), and Switzerland (2). The survey asked 18 questions about how and in what treatment sequence postoperative JET was managed...
July 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729895/what-can-geriatrics-teach-cardiology
#7
Kumar Dharmarajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729452/setting-the-agenda-for-preventive-cardiology
#8
Michael D Shapiro, Sergio Fazio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728481/feasibility-of-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-in-evaluation-of-arterial-stiffness-comparison-with-pulse-wave-velocity-and-conventional-sonographic-markers-of-atherosclerosis
#9
Michał Podgórski, Piotr Grzelak, Magdalena Kaczmarska, Michał Polguj, Maciej Łukaszewski, Ludomir Stefańczyk
Objective Arterial stiffening is an early marker of atherosclerosis that has a prognostic value for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although many markers of arterial hardening have been proposed, the search is on for newer, more user-friendly and reliable surrogates. One such potential candidate has emerged from cardiology, the speckle-tracking technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the two-dimensional speckle tracking for the evaluation of arterial wall stiffness in comparison with standard stiffness parameters...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727739/survival-analysis-of-heart-failure-patients-a-case-study
#10
Tanvir Ahmad, Assia Munir, Sajjad Haider Bhatti, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Ali Raza
This study was focused on survival analysis of heart failure patients who were admitted to Institute of Cardiology and Allied hospital Faisalabad-Pakistan during April-December (2015). All the patients were aged 40 years or above, having left ventricular systolic dysfunction, belonging to NYHA class III and IV. Cox regression was used to model mortality considering age, ejection fraction, serum creatinine, serum sodium, anemia, platelets, creatinine phosphokinase, blood pressure, gender, diabetes and smoking status as potentially contributing for mortality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727358/-antiplatelet-therapy-in-secondary-stroke-prevention
#11
Lorenz Hirt, Emmanuel Carrera
New studies have refined the role of antiplatelet therapy in secondary prevention after noncardioembolic strokes. The first line antiplatelet therapy remains Aspirin. Clopidogrel and the combination aspirine plus dipyridamole are suitable alternatives with a slightly better protection. Ticagrelor, a reversible P2Y12 receptor inhibitor used in cardiology, has not demonstrated its superiority to Aspirin. Early after stroke, a double antiplatelet therapy combining Aspirin and clopidogrel is increasingly administered as a recent study demonstrated a decrease in the incidence of cerebrovascular events after a minor stroke or high-risk TIA...
April 26, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725938/declining-radiation-dose-of-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-german-cardiac-ct-registry-experience-2009-2014
#12
Axel Schmermund, Mohamed Marwan, Jörg Hausleiter, Sebastian Barth, Oliver Bruder, Sebastian Kerber, Grigorius Korosoglou, Alexander Leber, Werner Moshage, Stephen Schröder, Steffen Schneider, Jochen Senges, Stephan Achenbach
BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) is increasingly used as a test to rule out coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with a low to intermediate pre-test probability of the disease. We used the database of the German CT registry, collected between 2009 and 2014 in a broad patient population, to analyze contemporary radiation dose associated with coronary CTA in clinical practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The prospective observational registry included a total of 7061 patients ≥18 years, referred to 12 participating centers for a clinically indicated cardiac CT examination...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725272/brazilian-guidelines-on-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-position-statement-from-the-brazilian-diabetes-society-sbd-the-brazilian-cardiology-society-sbc-and-the-brazilian-endocrinology-and-metabolism-society-sbem
#13
REVIEW
Marcello Casaccia Bertoluci, Rodrigo Oliveira Moreira, André Faludi, Maria Cristina Izar, Beatriz D Schaan, Cynthia Melissa Valerio, Marcelo Chiara Bertolami, Ana Paula Chacra, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar Malachias, Sérgio Vencio, José Francisco Kerr Saraiva, Roberto Betti, Luiz Turatti, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Henrique Tria Bianco, Marta Sulzbach, Adriana Bertolami, João Eduardo Nunes Salles, Alexandre Hohl, Fábio Trujilho, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Maria Teresa Zanella, Rodrigo Lamounier, João Roberto Sá, Celso Amodeo, Antonio Carlos Pires, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: Since the first position statement on diabetes and cardiovascular prevention published in 2014 by the Brazilian Diabetes Society, the current view on primary and secondary prevention in diabetes has evolved as a result of new approaches on cardiovascular risk stratification, new cholesterol lowering drugs, and new anti-hyperglycemic drugs. Importantly, a pattern of risk heterogeneity has emerged, showing that not all diabetic patients are at high or very high risk. In fact, most younger patients who have no overt cardiovascular risk factors may be more adequately classified as being at intermediate or even low cardiovascular risk...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724137/jama-cardiology
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724036/clinical-pharmacology-profile-of-care-in-hepatology-clinic
#15
Talita Rocha Passos, Fabiana Silva Santos, Maria Cleusa Martins, Vanusa Barbosa Pinto, Flair José Carrilho, Suzane Kioko Ono
Since 2010, the Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology Division of the Central Institute of Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo Medical School (HC-FMUSP, in the Portuguese acronym) has been developing specialized electives assistance activities in the Outpatient Specialty Clinic, Secondary Level, in São Paulo NGA-63 Várzea do Carmo. The objective of this study was to analyze the pharmacotherapeutic profile of patients. This is a cross-sectional and retrospective study in which patients were seen at the Hepatology sector and the results were submitted to descriptive statistics...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723836/subjective-versus-objective-estimated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-adherence-to-physical-activity-in-african-american-women
#16
Nadia Robinson, Arlene Miller, JoEllen Wilbur, Louis Fogg
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death for African American (AA) women in the United States. Despite high prevalence of CVD risk factors, AA women perceive their CVD risk as low. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to (1) identify relationships between subjective (self-reported perceived) CVD risk and objective CVD risk estimated by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) risk estimator, (2) identify demographic and psychosocial factors associated with subjective perceived risk and discrepancy with objective estimated CVD risk, and (3) determine whether subjective perceived CVD risk was associated with physical activity (PA) adherence...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722339/structured-pain-management-reduces-patient-discomfort-after-catheter-ablation-and-rhythm-device-surgery
#17
M Dörschner, A Bollmann, B Dinov, S Richter, M Döring, A Arya, A Müssigbrodt, S Kircher, N Dagres, P Sommer, G Hindricks, K Bode
BACKGROUND: The goal was to test the effectiveness of a structured pain management programme after invasive electrophysiological interventions in cardiology including ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) or ventricular tachycardia (VT) and implantation, or explantation, of pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators. METHODS: This was a prospective study with a pre-/post-design where a post-intervention group (116 consecutive patients) was compared to a pre-intervention group (102 consecutive patients) after implementation of a structured pain-management programme using the numeric rating scale (NRS 0-10) and classified as moderate-to-severe if NRS > 3...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721638/contribution-of-echocardiography-in-the-diagnosis-of-definitive-infective-endocarditis-the-infectious-disease-specialist-s-point-of-view
#18
B Davido, A Moussiegt, A Dinh, O Senard, L Deconinck, O Auzel, X Repesse, M Sirol, M Morgan, J Salomon
In 1994, the original Duke criteria introduced the usefulness of echocardiography for the diagnosis of definitive infective endocarditis (IE). Recently, the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) highlighted the need of complementary imaging to support the diagnosis of embolic events and cardiac involvement when echocardiography findings are negative or doubtful. We decided to study the usefulness of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography (TTE/TEE) for the diagnosis of definitive IE in patients who already benefited from complementary investigations...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720600/is-the-mechanism-of-re-expansion-pulmonary-oedema-in-a-heart-lung-interaction
#19
Candy Masego Mokotedi, Martin Balik
The mechanism of re-expansion pulmonary oedema (Re-PE) is unclear. There are multiple variables in play when evaluating the response to evacuation of pleural fluid. We present an educational case of a critically ill patient admitted for respiratory failure who was fully dependent on ventricular pacing set at a constant rate throughout the episode of Re-PE. The transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed an ejection fraction of 38%, moderate mitral regurgitation (MR), mildly dilated right ventricle and moderate pulmonary hypertension...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720315/-evaluation-of-the-antithrombotic-strategy-in-low-thrombotic-risk-patients-who-underwent-aortic-valve-replacement-wth-bioprosthesis
#20
Eduardo Aceves-Velázquez, Gerardo Vieyra-Herrera, Laura Rodríguez-Chávez, Valentín Herrera-Alarcón
According to current guidelines, in patients without additional risk factors who underwent aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthesis, anticoagulation in the first 3 months after surgery is still a matter of debate. According to current evidence, aspirin in low doses is a reasonable alternative to vitamin K antagonists (VKA). We compared the incidence of thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications in patients with low thrombotic risk who underwent aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthesis in the National Institute of Cardiology of Ignacio Chávez of Mexico...
July 15, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
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