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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538982/association-of-late-adolescent-personality-with-risk-for-subsequent-serious-mental-illness-among-men-in-a-swedish-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Joseph F Hayes, David P J Osborn, Glyn Lewis, Christina Dalman, Andreas Lundin
Importance: Understanding of personality as an independent risk factor for serious mental illness (SMI) remains limited. Recently, overlap between the polygenic basis for specific personality traits and specific SMIs has been identified. Objective: To determine the association of the adolescent personality domains of social maturity, mental energy, and emotional stability with later diagnosis of SMI. Design, Setting, and Participants: This longitudinal cohort study enrolled Swedish male military conscripts aged 18 or 19 years from January 1, 1974, through December 31, 1997...
May 24, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538936/-factors-associated-with-cross-nursing
#2
Mariana Pujól von Seehausen, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini
This article aims to estimate the prevalence and analyze the factors associated with cross-nursing. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 with interviews with a representative sample of mothers of infants less than one-year-old (n' = 695) attended in nine primary health units in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sociodemographic characteristics were studied; pregnancy, childbirth and primary care assistance; maternal habits and baby features. Adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) were obtained by Poisson Regression, retaining variables associated with the outcome in the final model (p ≤ 0...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538927/feasibility-of-using-of-a-simplified-question-in-assessing-diet-quality-of-adolescents
#3
Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Regina Maria Veras Gonçalves-Silva, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Rosangela Alves Pereira
This study aims to analyze the applicability of a simplified question in assessing diet quality of adolescents in a cross-sectional school-based study carried out in a sample of high school students. Diet quality self-perception was obtained when the participant was inquired about own diet considering "excellent", "good", "fair" or "poor" responses. We evaluated meals habits and food intake through food frequency questionnaire. The revised version of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index (BHEI-R) was estimated and we identified three dietary patterns using factor analysis...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538925/diet-and-body-fat-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#4
Bruna Celestino Schneider, Samuel Carvalho Dumith, Silvana Paiva Orlandi, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção
Adipose tissue is a vital component of the human body, but in excess, it represents a risk to health. According to the World Health Organization, one of the main factors determining excessive body adiposity is the dietary habit. This systematic review investigated longitudinal studies that assessed the association between diet and body fat in adolescents and young adults. Twenty-one relevant papers published between 2001 and 2015 were selected. The most used method for estimating body fat was the body mass index (15 studies)...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538897/do-you-know-this-syndrome-werner-syndrome
#5
Özlem Bilgiç
Werner syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, caused by mutations in the WRN gene. Clinical findings include: senile appearance, short stature, grey hair, alopecia, bird-like face, scleroderma-like skin changes, skin ulcers, voice abnormalities, cataracts, osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease and hypogonadism. The syndrome begins to become apparent in adolescence but it is usually diagnosed in the third or fourth decade of life. Since the patients usually die by the age of 40-50 years related to malignant neoplasms or atherosclerotic complications, they should be closely followed and treated for complications...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538881/efficacy-and-safety-of-superficial-chemical-peeling-in-treatment-of-active-acne-vulgaris
#6
Hassanain Al-Talib, Alyaa Al-Khateeb, Ayad Hameed, Chandrika Murugaiah
Acne vulgaris is an extremely common condition affecting the pilosebaceous unit of the skin and characterized by presence of comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, cysts, which might result in permanent scars. Acne vulgaris commonly involve adolescents and young age groups. Active acne vulgaris is usually associated with several complications like hyper or hypopigmentation, scar formation and skin disfigurement. Previous studies have targeted the efficiency and safety of local and systemic agents in the treatment of active acne vulgaris...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538856/-an-adolescent-with-lumbosacral-instability-due-to-the-presence-of-a-hydatid-cyst-a-case-report
#7
Miguel Vizcarra, Mijaíl Mujica, Vladimir Sánchez, Paul Méndez
Hydatidosis, caused by Echinococcus granulosus, affects the spinal column in 0.5-2% of all cases, with the sacral column being a rare location typically observed only in adults. The case is reported of a 14-year-old boy from Juliaca (Puno, Peru) who presented with chronic lower back pain and cauda equina syndrome. He was initially attended to in Juliaca, and then transferred to the Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati Martins (Lima, Peru) with a diagnosis of sacral tumor. In magnetic resonance imaging, a multicystic tumor was seen with L5 and S1 lysis and instability...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538854/-obesity-in-children-risk-factors-and-strategies-for-its-prevention-in-peru
#8
Carlos M Del Águila Villar
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents represents an emerging public health problem in Peru, so it is necessary to be aware of the different risk factors in order to establish suitable and efficient prevention measures. These should contribute to health strategies such as promoting physical activity and a healthy diet to ensure that the infant population reaches adulthood without chronic diseases and with an adequate quality of life.
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538850/-infection-by-bordetella-pertussis-and-bordetella-parapertussis-in-cases-of-suspected-whooping-cough-2011-2015-in-mar-del-plata-argentina
#9
Silvina Lavayén, Claudia Zotta, Marcela Cepeda, Claudia Lara, Analia Rearte, Mabel Regueira
Objectives: . To classify the study population in the Argentinian National Health Surveillance System framework, determine the proportion of infection by Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis, and identify factors associated with the cases of suspected whooping cough attended to in the city of Mar del Plata and its outskirts during the period 2011- 2015. Materials and Methods: An observational and descriptive study was carried out. Clinical cases with suspicion of whooping cough were diagnosed by laboratory...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538828/families-perception-of-children-adolescents-with-language-impairment-through-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-cy
#10
Daniele Theodoro Ostroschi, Maria de Lurdes Zanolli, Regina Yu Shon Chun
Purpose: To investigate the perception of family members regarding linguistic conditions and social participation of children and adolescents with speech and language impairments using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY). Methods: Quali-quantitative approach research, in which a survey of medical records of 24 children/adolescents undergoing speech-language therapy and interviews with their family members was conducted...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538810/factors-associated-with-smoking-initiation-among-school-aged-adolescents
#11
Carolina de Castilhos Teixeira, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Isabel Cristina Echer
Objective: To identify factors associated with smoking initiation in adolescent secondary school students. Method: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2014 with 864 adolescents at a secondary school in southern Brazil. Data were collected using an instrument with sociodemographic questions, application of the Fagerström Nicotine Dependence Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory, and analysed using descriptive statistics, Fisher's Exact test, Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney's test, and the Poisson Regression test...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538796/-factors-associated-with-the-consumption-of-school-meals-by-brazilian-adolescents-results-of-the-pense-survey-2012
#12
Nathália Tarossi Locatelli, Daniela Silva Canella, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
The aim was to study the association between socio-demographic and routine dietary variables and consumption of school meals by adolescents enrolled in public schools in Brazil. The study used data used from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE) 2012. To assess differences between schoolchildren based on whether or not they ate school meals, the study used Pearson's chi-square test, and associations were analyzed with univariate and multivariate Poisson regression models. Of the 86,660 students included in the study, 22...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538791/inconsistent-reports-of-risk-behavior-among-brazilian-middle-school-students-national-school-based-survey-of-adolescent-health-pense-2009-2012
#13
Dandara de Oliveira Ramos, Martin Daly, Maria Lucia Seidl-de-Moura, Rafael Tavares Jomar, Paulo Nadanovsky
This study assessed the consistency of self-reports of risk behavior (overall and within four specific domains: alcohol use, tobacco use, drug use, and sexual activity) in two editions of the Brazilian National School Based Survey of Adolescent Health (PeNSE): 2009 and 2012. The overall proportion of cases with at least one inconsistent response in the two editions was 11.7% (2.7% on the alcohol items, 2.1% for drug use, 4.3% for cigarette use, 3% for sexual activity) and 22.7% (12.8% on alcohol items, 2.5% for drug use, 4...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538790/challenges-for-conducting-blood-collection-and-biochemical-analysis-in-a-large-multicenter-school-based-study-with-adolescents-lessons-from-erica-in-brazil
#14
Felipe Vogt Cureau, Katia Vergetti Bloch, Aline Henz, Camila W Schaan, Carlos Henrique Klein, Cecília Lacroix de Oliveira, Denise Tavares Giannini, Elisa Brosina de Leon, Gabriela de Azevedo Abreu, Gabriela Heiden Telo, Glauber Monteiro Dias, Kênia Mara Baiocchi de Carvalho, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Maria Cristina Caetano Kuschnir, Moyses Szklo, Renan Montenegro, Thiago Luiz Nogueira da Silva, Ulf Ekelund, Beatriz D Schaan
The Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (ERICA) is a pioneering study that aimed to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including metabolic syndrome components in Brazilian adolescents. This study aims to describe the methodological aspects related to blood collection as well as to report pertaining results of the preparation, transport, storage, and exams in ERICA. Exams in ERICA were performed in a single laboratory and blood samples were collected in schools in a standardized manner...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538707/self-esteem-and-academic-difficulties-in-preadolescents-and-adolescents-healed-from-paediatric-leukaemia
#15
Marta Tremolada, Livia Taverna, Sabrina Bonichini, Giuseppe Basso, Marta Pillon
Adolescents with cancer may demonstrate problems in their self-esteem and schooling. This study aims to screen the preadolescents and adolescents more at risk in their self-esteem perception and schooling difficulties post-five years from the end of therapy. Twenty-five paediatric ex-patients healed from leukaemia were recruited at the Haematology-Oncologic Clinic (University of Padua). The mean age of the children was 13.64 years (Standard Deviation (SD)) = 3.08, range = 10-19 years), most were treated for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) (84%) and relatively equally distributed by gender...
May 24, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538606/assessing-severity-in-pediatric-pneumonia-predictors-of-the-need-for-major-medical-interventions
#16
Are Stuwitz Berg, Christopher Stephen Inchley, Hans Olav Fjaerli, Truls Michael Leegaard, Britt Nakstad
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine potential predictors of the need for major medical interventions in the context of assessing severity in pediatric pneumonia. METHODS: This was a prospective, cohort study of previously healthy children and adolescents younger than 18 years presenting to the pediatric emergency room with clinically suspected pneumonia and examining both the full cohort and those with radiologically confirmed pneumonia. The presence of hypoxemia (peripheral oxygen saturation ≤92%), age-specific tachypnea, high temperature (≥38...
May 23, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538591/intrathecal-morphine-and-oral-analgesics-provide-safe-and-effective-pain-control-after-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#17
Ying Li, Rebecca A Hong, Christopher B Robbins, Kathleen M Gibbons, Ashlee E Holman, Michelle S Caird, Frances A Farley, Matthew D Abbott, Michelle C Burke
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that intrathecal morphine (ITM) and oral analgesics provide effective pain control after posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and this protocol has a low complication rate so patients can be admitted to a general care floor. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies have shown that ITM combined with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia or epidural infusion (EPI) provides effective pain control after PSF for AIS...
May 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538532/identification-and-management-of-obese-patients-in-a-pediatric-orthopaedic-clinic
#18
Natalia Davila, Joy Vess, Emily E Johnson
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a complex healthcare problem that affects all aspects of a child's health. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Expert Committee recommends that all children be evaluated for current medical conditions including the risk for obesity by identifying elevated body mass index (BMI), physical activity habits, and diet. Childhood obesity is defined as a BMI of 95th percentile or greater on standardized age-based growth charts. Abdominal and visceral fat mass has a negative effect on bone formation during childhood and adolescence...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538526/responsiveness-and-minimal-important-changes-of-the-scoliosis-research-society-22-patient-questionnaire-in-subjects-with-mild-adolescent-and-moderate-adult-idiopathic-scoliosis-undergoing-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation
#19
Marco Monticone, Emilia Ambrosini, Barbara Rocca, Calogero Foti, Simona Ferrante
STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, prospective study. OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the responsiveness and minimal important changes (MICs) for the Scoliosis Research Society-22 Patient Questionnaire (SRS-22) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and adult idiopathic scoliosis (AS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite the SRS-22 properties have been investigated in various different languages, there is still a lack of information concerning responsiveness and MIC, limiting the use of SRS-22 for clinical and research purposes...
June 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538525/trajectory-of-postoperative-wound-pain-within-the-first-2-weeks-following-posterior-spinal-fusion-surgery-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#20
Mun Keong Kwan, Chee Kidd Chiu, Teik Seng Chan, Kok Ian Chong, Siti Mariam Mohamad, Mohd Shahnaz Hasan, Chris Yin Wei Chan
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine and evaluate the trajectory of surgical wound pain from day 1 to day 14 after posterior spinal fusion (PSF) surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Information regarding how the postoperative pain improves with time offers invaluable information not only to the patients and parents but also to assist the clinician in managing postoperative pain...
June 1, 2017: Spine
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