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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913538/-intoxications-in-children-and-adolescents-in-germany
#1
Stefanie Geith, Martin Ganzert, Sabrina Schmoll, Daniela Acquarone, Michael Deters, Oliver Sauer, Andreas Stürer, Erol Tutdibi, Rafael Wagner, Florian Eyer
BACKGROUND: In Germany, intoxications cause the bulk of emergencies in children, to be prevented or attenuated by preventive measures. Therefore, knowledge about intoxications is essential for pediatricians. The present work provides general and epidemiologic data about intoxications and most frequent categories and single toxicants. METHODS: Data of intoxications in children and adolescents from 6 German poison centers (2012-2016 and 2002-2016) were retrospectively analyzed...
June 18, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913528/blood-pressure-and-cognitive-performance-after-a-single-administration-of-a-camphor-crataegus-combination-in-adolescents-with-low-blood-pressure
#2
Rainer Schandry, Daniela Lindauer, Matthias Mauz
Low blood pressure is rather widespread among adolescents and frequently accompanied by complaints. Two single-center, double-blinded, randomized, and placebo-controlled trials were performed with adolescent participants in the age range of 14 - 17 y having a systolic blood pressure below 118 mmHg (boys) or 110 mmHg (girls). They received a single dose of 20 drops of a fixed combination of natural D-camphor and an ethanolic extract from fresh Crataegus berries (CCC) or of an ethanolic placebo. The efficacy of CCC (commercial name Korodin) has proven its efficacy in the treatment of low blood pressure in adults of all ages, although related placebo-controlled, double-blind studies for adolescents following European (EU) pediatric regulations are lacking...
June 18, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913343/investigating-the-impact-of-age-depended-hair-colour-darkening-during-childhood-on-dna-based-hair-colour-prediction-with-the-hirisplex-system
#3
Magdalena Kukla-Bartoszek, Ewelina Pośpiech, Magdalena Spólnicka, Joanna Karłowska-Pik, Dominik Strapagiel, Elżbieta Żądzińska, Iwona Rosset, Marta Sobalska-Kwapis, Marcin Słomka, Susan Walsh, Manfred Kayser, Aneta Sitek, Wojciech Branicki
Predictive DNA analysis of externally visible characteristics exerts an increasing influence on contemporary forensic and anthropological investigations, with pigmentation traits currently being the most advanced for predictive modelling. Since pigmentation prediction error in some cases may be due to the result of age-related hair colour darkening, and sex influence in eye colour, this study aims to investigate these less explored phenomena on a group of juvenile individuals. Pigmentation phenotypes of children between the age of 6-13 years old were evaluated, in addition to data about their hair colour during early childhood from a select number of these individuals...
June 6, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913315/when-two-are-better-than-one-bilateral-mesial-temporal-lobe-contributions-associated-with-better-vocabulary-skills-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Lisa Bartha-Doering, Astrid Novak, Kathrin Kollndorfer, Gregor Kasprian, Anna-Lisa Schuler, Madison M Berl, Florian Ph S Fischmeister, William D Gaillard, Johanna Alexopoulos, Daniela Prayer, Rainer Seidl
This study considered the involvement of the mesial temporal lobe (MTL) in language and verbal memory functions in healthy children and adolescents. We investigated 30 healthy, right-handed children and adolescents, aged 7-16, with a fMRI language paradigm and a comprehensive cognitive test battery. We found significant MTL activations during language fMRI in all participants; 63% of them had left lateralized MTL activations, 20% exhibited right MTL lateralization, and 17% showed bilateral MTL involvement during the fMRI language paradigm...
June 15, 2018: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913088/development-of-therapist-adherence-in-relation-to-treatment-outcomes-of-adolescents-with-behavioral-problems
#5
Aurelie M C Lange, Rachel E A van der Rijken, Marc J M H Delsing, Jan J V Busschbach, Ron H J Scholte
Therapist adherence to the treatment manual is assumed to be crucial for adequate implementation and subsequent achievement of the intended, positive treatment outcomes. Although adherence has been mostly studied as a static factor, recent studies suggest that adherence might be dynamic and changes over time. We investigated how parent-perceived adherence to the multisystemic therapy (MST) model develops during treatment and how this development is related to treatment outcomes up to 18 months posttreatment, controlling for the effect of alliance...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913013/prevalence-of-dietary-supplement-use-in-us-children-and-adolescents-2003-2014
#6
Dima M Qato, G Caleb Alexander, Jenny S Guadamuz, Stacy Tessler Lindau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912985/the-association-between-pubertal-status-and-depressive-symptoms-and-diagnoses-in-adolescent-females-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Gemma Lewis, Konstantinos Ioannidis, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Sharon Neufeld, Jan Stochl, Glyn Lewis, Peter B Jones, Ian Goodyer
BACKGROUND: There is an association between puberty and depression, but many things remain poorly understood. When assessing puberty in females, most studies combine indicators of breast and pubic hair development which are controlled by different hormonal pathways. The contributions of pubertal timing (age at onset) and pubertal status (stage of development, irrespective of timing) are also poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that stage of breast development in female adolescents, controlled largely by increased estradiol, would be more strongly associated with depression than pubic hair development which occurs in both males and females, and is controlled by adrenal androgens...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912970/the-influence-of-adolescent-nicotine-exposure-on-ethanol-intake-and-brain-gene-expression
#8
Constanza P Silva, William J Horton, Michael J Caruso, Aswathy Sebastian, Laura C Klein, Istvan Albert, Helen M Kamens
Nicotine and alcohol are often co-abused. Adolescence is a vulnerable period for the initiation of both nicotine and alcohol use, which can lead to subsequent neurodevelopmental and behavioral alterations. It is possible that during this vulnerable period, use of one drug leads to neurobiological alterations that affect subsequent consumption of the other drug. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of nicotine exposure during adolescence on ethanol intake, and the effect of these substances on brain gene expression...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912957/adolescent-religious-attendance-and-spirituality-are-they-associated-with-leisure-time-choices
#9
Klara Malinakova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Michal Kalman, Peter Tavel, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religious attendance (RA) have been associated with personal attitudes and values, and this may affect lifestyle. The aim of this study was to explore their association with adolescent leisure-time choices in a highly secular environment. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of adolescents (n = 4,182, 14.4±1.1 years, 48.6% boys) participated in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children cross-sectional study. We measured RA, spirituality (adjusted shortened version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale), excessive television, computer games, and internet use, as well as participation in organized leisure-time activities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912925/associations-between-waist-circumference-metabolic-risk-and-executive-function-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-mediation-analysis
#10
Anna Bugge, Sören Möller, Daniel R Westfall, Jakob Tarp, Anne K Gejl, Niels Wedderkopp, Charles H Hillman
The main objective of this study was to investigate the associations between waist circumference, metabolic risk factors, and executive function in adolescents. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional and included 558 adolescents (mean age 14.2 years). Anthropometrics and systolic blood pressure (sysBP) were measured and fasting blood samples were analyzed for metabolic risk factors. A metabolic risk factor cluster score (MetS-cluster score) was computed from the sum of standardized sysBP, triglycerides (TG), inverse high-density lipid cholesterol (HDLc) and insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912918/girls-only-vs-mixed-gender-groups-in-the-delivery-of-a-universal-wellness-programme-among-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Reut Agam-Bitton, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Moria Golan
BACKGROUND: Investigation of the optimal setting for body image prevention programmes is important to maximize the outcomes of such programmes. OBJECTIVES: We examined the preferred setting for a school-based wellness programme called "In Favour of Myself". METHODS: A total of 259 girls (mean 13.82±0.64 years) were divided into a girls-only intervention group, a mixed-gender intervention and a waiting list control group. The participants completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, post-intervention (2 months) and at follow-up (3 months) examining changes in self-esteem, media literacy, body image and risk factors for eating disorders...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912905/factors-influencing-spinal-curvature-measurements-on-ultrasound-images-for-children-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-ais
#12
Rui Zheng, Doug Hill, Douglas Hedden, James Mahood, Marc Moreau, Sarah Southon, Edmond Lou
The measurements of spinal curvatures using the ultrasound (US) imaging method on children with scoliosis have been comparable with radiography. However, factors influencing the reliability and accuracy of US measurement have not been studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of curve features and patients' demographics on US measurements and to determine which factors influence the reliability and accuracy. Two hundred children with scoliosis were recruited and scanned with US by one experienced operator and three trainees...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912887/acellular-pertussis-vaccines-effectiveness-over-time-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-modeling-study
#13
Ayman Chit, Hossein Zivaripiran, Thomas Shin, Jason K H Lee, Antigona Tomovici, Denis Macina, David R Johnson, Michael D Decker, Jianhong Wu
BACKGROUND: Acellular pertussis vaccine studies postulate that waning protection, particularly after the adolescent booster, is a major contributor to the increasing US pertussis incidence. However, these studies reported relative (ie, vs a population given prior doses of pertussis vaccine), not absolute (ie, vs a pertussis vaccine naïve population) efficacy following the adolescent booster. We aim to estimate the absolute protection offered by acellular pertussis vaccines. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of acellular pertussis vaccine effectiveness (VE) publications...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912870/differences-in-childhood-body-mass-index-between-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-and-heterosexual-female-adolescents-a-follow-back-study
#14
Kate Keenan, Kristen Wroblewski, Phoenix A Matthews, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether childhood body mass index (BMI), assessed in childhood, differs between lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual late adolescents, and whether childhood social stressors impact the association between sexual orientation and childhood BMI. METHODS: Participants included 2,070 late adolescents from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, of whom 233 (11.2%) identified as lesbian or bisexual and 1,837 (88.8%) as heterosexual at ages 17-20 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912797/successful-add-on-vortioxetine-for-an-adolescent-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Ahmed Naguy, Bibi Alamiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912726/different-effects-of-social-support-on-adolescent-smoking-and-the-mediation-by-smartphone-dependence
#16
Pierre-François Dancoine, Elodie Gentina
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study examines the relationship between social support (from parents and peers) and cigarette use, through the mediating effect of smartphone dependence, among adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: A survey, conducted among 472 adolescents (average age = 16.2 years) attending classes in 3 schools in Lille, France, provides the data. The theoretical model features social support (parental and peer) and cigarette use, with smartphone dependence as a mediator, such that the authors simultaneously examine direct (support → cigarette use) and indirect (eg, peer support → smartphone dependence → cigarette use) paths...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912659/adolescents-perspectives-on-everyday-life-with-obesity-a-qualitative-study
#17
Gudbjørg Øen, Bente Kvilhaugsvik, Kari Eldal, Anne-Grethe Halding
PURPOSE: This study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of the perspectives and life experiences of adolescents living with obesity. METHODS: Five adolescents living with obesity were involved in repeated interviews, and qualitative content analysis was performed. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: obesity as a multi-faceted and difficult to solve condition; obesity as a shameful and vulnerable subject; and bullying and fragile social relationships...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912649/conditions-and-strategies-high-school-students-living-in-lodgings-experience-as-important-and-helpful-for-their-well-being
#18
Wenche Wannebo, Siri Andreassen Devik, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
Many 15- to 16-year-old adolescents in Scandinavian countries have to move away from home to live in lodgings during senior high school. This transition might affect the adolescents' well-being and mental health, with the risk of dropping out of school and/or potential mental health problems. This study aims to explore what adolescents experience to be of importance and helpful for their well-being through their lives in lodgings during senior high school. Qualitative, in-depth interviews were performed among 21 adolescents from the ages of 16 to 18 of both genders living in lodgings in a Norwegian county...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912584/atrial-fibrillation-in-young-patients
#19
Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Paul Khairy, Sylvia Abadir, Rafik Tadros, Julia Cadrin-Tourigny, Laurent Macle, Katia Dyrda, Blandine Mondesert, Marc Dubuc, Peter G Guerra, Bernard Thibault, Denis Roy, Mario Talajic, Lena Rivard
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent arrhythmia worldwide. While mostly seen in elderly, it can also affect young adults (≤45 years of age), older adolescent and children. Areas covered: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the current management of AF in young patients. Specific issues arise over diagnostic workup as well as antiarrhythmic and anticoagulation therapies. The future management and diagnostic strategies are also discussed. Expert commentary: Management of AF in the young adult is largely extrapolated from adult studies and guidelines...
June 18, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912404/ventromedial-prefrontal-volume-in-adolescence-predicts-hyperactive-inattentive-symptoms-in-adulthood
#20
Matthew D Albaugh, Masha Ivanova, Bader Chaarani, Catherine Orr, Nicholas Allgaier, Robert R Althoff, Nicholas D' Alberto, Kelsey Hudson, Scott Mackey, Philip A Spechler, Tobias Banaschewski, Rüdiger Brühl, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Anna Cattrell, Patricia J Conrod, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Jürgen Gallinat, Robert Goodman, Penny Gowland, Yvonne Grimmer, Andreas Heinz, Viola Kappel, Jean-Luc Martinot, Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Jani Penttilä, Luise Poustka, Tomáš Paus, Michael N Smolka, Maren Struve, Henrik Walter, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Hugh Garavan, Alexandra S Potter
Youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptomatology often exhibit residual inattention and/or hyperactivity in adulthood; however, this is not true for all individuals. We recently reported that dimensional, multi-informant ratings of hyperactive/inattentive symptoms are associated with ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) structure. Herein, we investigate the degree to which vmPFC structure during adolescence predicts hyperactive/inattentive symptomatology at 5-year follow-up. Structural equation modeling was used to test the extent to which adolescent vmPFC volume predicts hyperactive/inattentive symptomatology 5 years later in early adulthood...
April 18, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
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