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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055268/early-age-of-e-cigarette-use-onset-mediates-the-association-between-impulsivity-and-e-cigarette-use-frequency-in-youth
#1
Krysten W Bold, Meghan E Morean, Grace Kong, Patricia Simon, Deepa R Camenga, Dana A Cavallo, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for youth e-cigarette use is critical, given high rates of e-cigarette use and unknown health effects of long-term use. The current study examined whether an early age of onset of e-cigarette use mediates the association between impulsivity and e-cigarette frequency. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data of e-cigarette users (n=927) were collected from 8 high schools in southeastern Connecticut. The sample was 44.7% female (mean age 16...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055242/the-efficacy-of-two-activity-based-interventions-in-adolescents-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#2
Emmanuel Bonney, Gillian Ferguson, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) usually experience psychomotor difficulties that affect their participation in everyday tasks and sports. Without effective intervention, adolescents show persistent motor deficits through adulthood. It is therefore critical to develop interventions to address the specific needs of this population. Studies evaluating the impact of motor interventions among adolescents with DCD are limited. AIM: The study evaluated the efficacy of two activity-based motor interventions in female adolescents with DCD...
October 18, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055241/comparing-parent-and-child-reports-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-their-relationship-with-leisure-participation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Egmar Longo, Marta Badia, M Begoña Orgaz, María Gómez-Vela
The aim of this study was to examine the level of agreement between reports of health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) obtained from children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and their parents. We also examined the relationships between child and parent perception of the different domains of HR-QoL and participation dimensions. Sixty-nine children and adolescents with CP and their parents separately completed parallel forms of the KIDSCREEN questionnaire. The Spanish version of the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) was completed by the child/adolescent...
October 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055217/trends-in-and-factors-affecting-the-observed-levels-of-urinary-inorganic-and-total-blood-mercury-among-us-children-adolescents-adults-and-senior-citizens-over-2005-2012
#4
Ram B Jain
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2005-2012 were used to (i) study adjusted and unadjusted trends in the levels of urinary inorganic mercury (UIHG) and total blood mercury (TBHG) and (ii) factors that affect the observed levels of UIHG and TBHG among children aged 1-5 (CHLD15) and 6-11 (CHLD611) years, adolescents aged 12-19 years (ADOL), adults aged 20-64 years (ADLT), and senior citizens aged >=65 years (SNR). Decrease in adjusted levels of UIHG for each 2-year NHANES cycle for CHLD611 was 0...
September 6, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055208/measuring-alcohol-use-across-the-transition-to-adulthood-racial-ethnic-sexual-identity-and-educational-differences
#5
Jessica N Fish, Amanda M Pollitt, John E Schulenberg, Stephen T Russell
BACKGROUND: Patterns of alcohol use change from adolescence to adulthood and may differ based on race/ethnicity, sexual identity, and education. If alcohol use measures do not operate consistently across groups and developmental periods, parameter estimates and conclusions may be biased. OBJECTIVES: To test the measurement invariance of a multi-item alcohol use measure across groups defined by race/ethnicity, sexual identity, and college education during the transition to adulthood...
October 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055115/prevalence-of-pre-eruptive-intracoronal-radiolucencies-in-thai-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-study
#6
Chanika Manmontri, Papimon Chompu-Inwai, Phattaranant M Mahasantipiya, Sangsom Prapayasatok
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence, location, size, and tooth type of pre-eruptive intracoronal radiolucencies (PEIR) from panoramic radiographs in Thai patients. METHODS: A retrospective study of PEIR was conducted on 1599 panoramic radiographs of 629 Thai males and 970 Thai females with an age range of 4-20 years (average age: 14.0 ± 4.0 years). Each radiograph was reviewed by two calibrated examiners. The age and sex of the patients, location, size, and tooth type of the lesions were recorded...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055112/systematic-review-found-that-there-was-moderate-evidence-that-vaccinating-healthcare-workers-prevented-pertussis-in-infants
#7
REVIEW
A van den Hoogen, J M Duijn, L G M Bode, D C Vijlbrief, L de Hooge, H D L Ockhuijsen
This systematic review investigated the effectiveness of vaccinating healthcare workers against pertussis on the occurrence of nosocomial pertussis outbreaks or infections among unprotected infants. We focused on eight studies, with five different study designs, that involved 39,129 healthy adolescents and adults, 115 healthcare workers, 2,000 simulated healthcare workers and a simulated population of 200,000 people. CONCLUSION: There was moderate evidence that tetanus-diphtheria acellular pertussis vaccinations for healthcare workers were effective in preventing pertussis in all age groups and specifically in infants...
October 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055066/longitudinal-study-showed-that-the-quality-of-life-of-finnish-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-continued-to-be-relatively-good
#8
Sanna Böling, Tarja Varho, Leena Haataja
AIM: This longitudinal study examined what perceptions paediatric patients with cerebral palsy (CP) and their caregivers had of the patient's quality of life (QoL). It examined changing trends as children with CP became adolescents and examined the feasibility of the Finnish version of the CP QOL-Teen questionnaire. METHODS: Carried out in autumn 2015, this study formed part of the multi-centre Finnish national CP project and aimed to validate the CP QOL-Teen questionnaire, which was posted to 54 adolescents and their caregivers...
October 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055048/adolescent-obesity-and-adult-male-breast-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-1-382-093-men
#9
Lital Keinan-Boker, Hagai Levine, Adi Leiba, Estela Derazne, Jeremy D Kark
Male breast cancer (MBC) accounts for 1% of all breast cancer. Adult obesity and tallness are risk factors for MBC, but the role of adolescent fatness is largely unknown. We aimed to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) in adolescence and the incidence of MBC in a large cohort of 16-19 year-old Israeli males. 1,382,093 Jewish Israeli males aged 16-19 who underwent anthropometric measurements, a General Intelligence Test (GIT) and other examinations during 1967-2011, were followed up to 31.12...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054935/familial-history-aggregation-on-acute-appendicitis
#10
Francesc Simó Alari, Israel Gutierrez, Judit Gimenéz Pérez
Appendectomy is the most commonly performed surgical procedure, affecting 1%-8% of the paediatric population, with a total 7% lifetime risk, most likely in adolescents and young adults.A case of familial aggregation was reported in our hospital in a family composed of nine siblings from which six of them (66.6%) had been treated of acute appendicitis, five of them in our centre.Many factors have been described as predisposing to appendicitis. Several studies have highlighted the influence of genes in the evolution of this disease and its severity, demonstrating a relative risk increase by three when family history is present...
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054736/bidirectional-associations-between-adolescents-sexual-behaviors-and-psychological-well-being
#11
Raquel Nogueira Avelar E Silva, Daphne van de Bongardt, Laura Baams, Hein Raat
PURPOSE: Assessing bidirectional longitudinal associations between early sexual behaviors (≤16.0 years) and psychological well-being (global self-esteem, physical self-esteem, depression) among 716 adolescents, and the direct and buffering effect of parent-adolescent relationship quality. METHODS: We used data from Project STARS (Studies on Trajectories of Adolescent Relationships and Sexuality), a longitudinal study on adolescent sexual development in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054735/associations-between-neural-reward-processing-and-binge-eating-among-adolescent-girls
#12
Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer E Wildes, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Rachel Lepage, Kate E Keenan, Amanda E Guyer, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp, Erika E Forbes
PURPOSE: Neuroimaging studies suggest that altered brain responses to food-related cues in reward-sensitive regions characterize individuals who experience binge-eating episodes. However, the absence of longitudinal data limits the understanding of whether reward-system alterations increase vulnerability to binge eating, as theorized in models of the development of this behavior. METHODS: Adolescent girls (N = 122) completed a functional magnetic resonance imaging monetary reward task at age 16 years as part of an ongoing longitudinal study...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054734/computer-facilitated-screening-and-brief-advice-to-reduce-adolescents-heavy-episodic-drinking-a-study-in-two-countries
#13
John R Knight, Kateryna Kuzubova, Ladislav Csemy, Lon Sherritt, Sarah Copelas, Sion Kim Harris
PURPOSE: A computer-facilitated screening and brief advice (cSBA) intervention was previously shown to reduce drinking among U.S. adolescents but not among Czech youth. The purpose of this study was to assess cSBA effect on heavy episodic drinking (HED). METHODS: Participants were 12- to 18-year-olds at nine U.S. primary care offices (N = 2,096) and 10 Czech pediatrician-generalist offices (N = 589) who completed measurements only during an 18-month treatment-as-usual (TAU) phase...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054731/the-impact-of-obesity-and-hypercaloric-diet-consumption-on-anxiety-and-emotional-behavior-across-the-lifespan
#14
REVIEW
Kathryn D Baker, Amy Loughman, Sarah J Spencer, Amy C Reichelt
Obesity is an increasing problem in young people. Childhood obesity and overweight have increased rapidly on a global scale, and have tripled in the past 30 years, to affect approximately one in five children. Diets high in refined fats and sugar are a major contributor to the development of obesity, and the effects of such obesity-inducing hypercaloric diets on brain function may contribute to the high prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with obesity. Anxiety disorders typically emerge in childhood and adolescence, and symptoms often continue into adulthood...
October 17, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054611/maternal-undernutrition-during-lactation-alters-nicotine-reward-and-dopac-dopamine-ratio-in-cerebral-cortex-in-adolescent-mice-but-does-not-affect-nicotine-induced-nachrs-upregulation
#15
Ana C Dutra-Tavares, Juliana O Silva, André L Nunes-Freitas, Vinícius M S Guimarães, Ulisses C Araújo, Ellen P S Conceição, Egberto G Moura, Patrícia C Lisboa, Cláudio C Filgueiras, Alex C Manhães, Yael Abreu-Villaça, Anderson Ribeiro-Carvalho
Early undernutrition causes long lasting alterations that affect the response to psychoactive drugs. Particularly, undernutrition during lactation affects the acute locomotor response to nicotine during adolescence, but the reward effect of continued exposure to nicotine remains unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of undernutrition during lactation on the nicotine susceptibility indexed via conditioned place preference (CPP), on dopamine content and turnover and on nicotine-induced nicotinic cholinergic receptor (nAChR) upregulation in the cerebral cortex, midbrain and hippocampus of adolescent mice...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054340/the-transmission-of-family-food-and-mealtime-practices-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-longitudinal-findings-from-project-eat-iv
#16
Allison Watts, Jerica M Berge, Katie Loth, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether family food and mealtime practices experienced in adolescence are carried forward into parenthood. DESIGN: Baseline (Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults [EAT]-I) and 15-year follow-up (EAT-IV) survey data from a population-based cohort study (Project EAT). PARTICIPANTS: Cohort members identified as parents at follow-up (n = 727). To gain additional data about the practices of both parents in the household, significant others completed surveys at EAT-IV (n = 380)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054253/binary-classification-of-multichannel-eeg-records-based-on-the-%C3%AF%C2%B5-complexity-of-continuous-vector-functions
#17
Alexandra Piryatinska, Boris Darkhovsky, Alexander Kaplan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A crucial step in a classification of electroencephalogram (EEG) records is the feature selection. The feature selection problem is difficult because of the complex structure of EEG signals. To classify the EEG signals with good accuracy, most of the recently published studies have used high-dimensional feature spaces. Our objective is to create a low-dimensional feature space that enables binary classification of EEG records. METHODS: The proposed approach is based on our theory of the ϵ-complexity of continuous functions, which is extended here (see Appendix) to the case of vector functions...
December 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054243/hiv-testing-at-visits-to-physicians-offices-in-the-u-s-2009-2012
#18
D Cal Ham, Shirley Lecher, Roman Gvetadze, Ya-Lin A Huang, Philip Peters, Karen W Hoover
INTRODUCTION: HIV testing serves as an entry point for HIV care services for those who test HIV positive, and prevention services for those who test HIV negative. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends routine testing of adults and adolescents in healthcare settings. To identify missed opportunities for HIV testing at U.S. physicians' offices, data from the National Ambulatory Care Surveys from 2009 to 2012 were analyzed. METHODS: The mean annual number and percentage of visits with an HIV test among HIV-uninfected nonpregnant females and males aged 15-65 years was estimated using weighted survey data...
November 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054091/early-adolescents-body-dysmorphic-symptoms-as-compensatory-responses-to-parental-appearance-messages-and-appearance-based-rejection-sensitivity
#19
Kelly Densham, Haley J Webb, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Drew Nesdale, Geraldine Downey
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is marked by high distress and behavioral and functional impairments due to preoccupation with perceived appearance anomalies. Our aim was to examine parental correlates of offspring's symptoms characteristic of BDD, testing both direct associations and indirect associations via appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS). Surveys were completed by 302 Australian adolescents (9-14 years) and their parents. Findings indicated parents' weight and appearance teasing and child-report (but not parent-report) of parental negative attitudes about weight and appearance were uniquely associated with offspring's heightened BDD-like symptoms, and associations were partially indirect via adolescents' appearance-RS...
October 17, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053980/incident-mental-disorders-in-the-aftermath-of-traumatic-events-a-prospective-longitudinal-community-study
#20
Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb, Axel Perkonigg, Katja Beesdo-Baum
BACKGROUND: Few strictly prospective-longitudinal community studies examined the role of traumatic events for risk of developing a broad range of incident mental disorders over several years. METHOD: A representative community sample of adolescents and young adults (n = 2797, baseline age 14-24) was prospectively examined in up to three assessment waves over up to 10 years. Traumatic events and DSM-IV mental disorders were assessed at each wave using the DIA-X/M-CIDI...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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