keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adolescents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232726/-subtalare-screw-arthroereisis-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-flexible-pes-planovalgus
#1
Dariusch Arbab, Daniel Frank, Bertil Bouillon, Christian Lüring, Carsten Wingenfeld, Mona Abbara-Czardybon
Background The purpose of this study was to determine the functional outcomes and radiographic results of the talus-stop screw method as minimally invasive subtalar arthroereisis in pediatric and juvenile flexible flatfoot. Material and Methods We retrospectively evaluated 73 feet from 41 children using the talus stop-screw method, for the period between 2002 and 2011. The age at time of surgery ranged between nine and 14 years. The radiological assessment included measuring the calcaneal pitch, talar declination, talo-first metatarsal angle (Meary) and calcaneal-first metatarsal angle (Costa-Bartani) in the lateral view...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232668/revised-reference-values-for-the-intake-of-sodium-and-chloride
#2
Daniela Strohm, Angela Bechthold, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Peter Stehle, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: In January 2017, the nutrition societies of -Germany, Austria and Switzerland revised the reference values for sodium and chloride intake. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value for sodium intake was derived on the basis of a balance study. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from this estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, an estimated value was set based on the sodium intake via breast milk...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232644/past-15-year-trends-in-lifetime-cocaine-use-among-us-high-school-students
#3
Kristin E Schneider, Noa Krawczyk, Ziming Xuan, Renee M Johnson
BACKGROUND: Most recent research on adolescent drug use has focused on alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Less is known about the recent epidemiology of adolescent cocaine use, which has serious health consequences. PURPOSE: To describe recent trends in cocaine use by U.S. high school students, and identify differences in lifetime and repeated use across sex and racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We used data from the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) from 1999 to 2015...
December 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232621/timing-of-poverty-in-childhood-and-adolescent-health-evidence-from-the-us-and-uk
#4
Michael J Green, Haley Stritzel, Chelsea Smith, Frank Popham, Robert Crosnoe
Childhood poverty is associated with poorer adolescent health and health behaviours, but the importance of the timing of poverty remains unclear. There may be critical or sensitive periods in early life or early adolescence, or poverty may have cumulative effects throughout childhood. Understanding when poverty is most important can support efficient timing of interventions to raise family income or buffer against the effects of low income, but answers may vary across social contexts. The US and the UK are a useful comparison with similar liberal approaches to cash transfers, but very different approaches to healthcare provision...
December 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232565/parental-bonding-and-adolescents-depressive-and-anxious-symptoms-in-pakistan
#5
Amna Khalid, Farah Qadir, Stella W Y Chan, Matthias Schwannauer
INTRODUCTION: A quantitative cross sectional study was carried out to investigate the role of parental bonding in relation to depressive and anxious symptoms among secondary school adolescents in Pakistan. The study also aimed to investigate the construct validity of the parental bonding inventory in the cultural context of Pakistan. METHODS: The sample consisted of 1124 adolescents recruited from eight secondary schools in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Urdu translated versions of Parental Bonding Instrument (Qadir et al...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232535/why-interventions-to-influence-adolescent-behavior-often-fail-but-could-succeed
#6
David S Yeager, Ronald E Dahl, Carol S Dweck
We provide a developmental perspective on two related issues: (a) why traditional preventative school-based interventions work reasonably well for children but less so for middle adolescents and (b) why some alternative approaches to interventions show promise for middle adolescents. We propose the hypothesis that traditional interventions fail when they do not align with adolescents' enhanced desire to feel respected and be accorded status; however, interventions that do align with this desire can motivate internalized, positive behavior change...
December 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232281/cross-sectional-areas-of-the-thoracic-aorta-in-children-and-adolescents-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot-obtained-by-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#7
Daniel Gräfe, Matthias Gutberlet, Meinhard Mende, Ingo Dähnert, Christian Lücke, Martin Kostelka, Stefan Nitzsche, Janine Hoffmann, Matthias Grothoff
PURPOSE: Dilatation of the thoracic aorta is a well-known finding in corrected Tetralogy of Fallot. Complications are rare but can be life-threatening. Standard 1-dimensional (1D) measurements have several limitations. We sought to establish contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography cross-sectional areas of the aorta that could serve as reference values and to identify parameters that are associated with aortic dilatation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 101 children and adolescents...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232197/dna-based-construction-at-the-nanoscale-emerging-trends-and-applications
#8
Lourdu Xavier Paulraj, Arun Richard Chandrasekaran
The field of structural DNA nanotechnology has reached adolescence - starting with the creation of artificial immobile junctions leading to the recent DNA-protein hybrid nanoscale shapes - in a span of about 35 years. It is now possible to create complex DNA-based nanoscale shapes and assemblies with greater stability and predictability, thanks to the development of computational tools and advances in experimental techniques. Although started with the original goal of DNA-assisted structure determination of difficult-to-crystallize molecules, DNA nanotechnology has found its applications in a myriad of fields...
December 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231963/body-composition-in-long-term-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-diagnosed-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-focus-on-sarcopenic-obesity
#9
Christopher J C Marriott, Lesley F Beaumont, Troy H Farncombe, Amy N Cranston, Uma H Athale, Valerie N Yakemchuk, Colin E Webber, Ronald D Barr
BACKGROUND: The late effects of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) include disordered body composition, especially obesity. Less attention has been focused on the loss of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and the combined morbidity of sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of body composition was undertaken via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 75 long-term survivors of ALL (more than 10 years after the diagnosis). Measures were obtained of the fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (equivalent to the lean body mass [LBM]), and whole-body bone mineral content...
December 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231956/gender-diversity-sexual-orientation-and-bone-health-in-the-maturing-dancer
#10
REVIEW
Derrick D Brown
Gender identity forms an important aspect of still developing youths. Gender is traditionally classified into two distinct categories, female and male. Transgender is a general term that describes individuals who self-identity as male, female, both, or neither (i.e., gender fluid) and do not match the assigned at-birth gender. Adolescent transgender individuals are currently a marginal population. There are limited demographics on youths, but as of 2014 an estimate of 1.4 million adults in the USA identified as transgender...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231926/predictors-of-physical-fitness-among-southwestern-native-american-adolescents-at-risk-for-diabetes
#11
M D Ehrhart, V Shah, L Colip, P Sandy, D Ghahate, J Bobelu, T Faber, M R Burge
The prevalence of obesity is increasing among children nationally. Native American children from Zuni Pueblo appear to be at increased risk for obesity, which also increases the risk for the metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. While exercise and physical fitness can prevent or forestall these developments, predictors of physical fitness in this population are unknown. Forty-seven Native American adolescents completed four aspects of the Presidential Fitness Challenge (push-ups, sit-ups, step-ups, and timed walking) during screening for another study, and fitness was empirically summarized with a Presidential Fitness Index...
2017: J Pediatr Endocrinol (Jersey City)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231903/darker-skin-tone-increases-perceived-discrimination-among-male-but-not-female-caribbean-black-youth
#12
Shervin Assari, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Among most minority groups, males seem to report higher levels of exposure and vulnerability to racial discrimination. Although darker skin tone may increase exposure to racial discrimination, it is yet unknown whether skin tone similarly influences perceived discrimination among male and female Caribbean Black youth. OBJECTIVE: The current cross-sectional study tests the role of gender on the effects of skin tone on perceived discrimination among Caribbean Black youth...
December 12, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231773/molecular-imaging-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Brian Jaeho Hwang, Mona Adel Mohamed, James Robert Brašić
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition with onset in early childhood characterized by marked deficits in interpersonal interactions and communication and by a restricted and repetitive range of interests and activities. This review points out key recent findings utilizing molecular imaging including magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and nuclear neuroimaging techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). MRS indicates an excitatory/inhibitory imbalance in high-functioning autism...
December 12, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231764/relevance-of-chronotype-for-eating-patterns-in-adolescents
#14
Sarah Roßbach, Tanja Diederichs, Ute Nöthlings, Anette E Buyken, Ute Alexy
During adolescence, a shift from morningness to eveningness occurs, yet school continues to start early in the morning. Hence, adolescents are at risk for social jetlag, i.e. a discrepancy between biological and social timing. It remains to be determined whether chronotype associates with daily and daytime-specific eating patterns during this potentially critical period. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether chronotype is decisive for daily eating patterns [total energy intake (TEI, kcal), total macronutrient intake (% of TEI), eating occasion frequency (n/day), meal frequency (n/day), snack frequency (n/day), duration of nightly fasting], or daytime-specific eating patterns [morning (before 11 am) energy intake (% of TEI), morning macronutrient intake (% of morning energy intake), regular breakfast skipping (no morning energy intake at least on 2 of 3 days, yes/no), evening (after 6 pm) energy intake (% of TEI), evening macronutrient intake (% of evening energy intake), regular dinner skipping (no evening energy intake at least on 2 of 3 days, yes/no)] in German adolescents...
December 12, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231266/a-case-of-keratosis-circumscripta-in-a-chinese-boy
#15
He Zhang, Wei Deng, Xiaoyan Zhang
Keratosis circumscripta is a rare dermatosis occurring in children and adolescents that has been reported in the English literature only in Africans and their descendants. We report here a case of keratosis circumscripta in a 13-year-old Chinese boy who presented with pruritic follicular keratotic rashes below both knees. This case indicates that keratosis circumscripta may not occur only in individuals of African descent.
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231042/perceptions-of-harm-from-substance-use-and-social-self-efficacy-among-early-adolescents
#16
Keith J Zullig, Robert F Valois
Researchers examined the association between perceptions of harm from substance use and social self-efficacy (SSE) in a sample of early adolescents in public middle schools ( n = 4,122). One-way analysis of covariance and post hoc tests were used to assess the relationships between perceptions of harm from tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use and SSE while controlling for the effects of grade, sex, race, and socioeconomic status. Effect sizes were calculated from the post hoc comparisons to estimate practical importance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230952/children-tolerate-intradialytic-oral-nutrition
#17
Andrew M South, Bonnie Fainman, Scott M Sutherland, Cynthia J Wong
BACKGROUND: People undergoing haemodialysis (HD) often have poor nutrition, which in turn can contribute to worse outcomes. Inadequate nutrition has a particularly deleterious effect on growth and neurocognitive development, as well as mortality, in children and adolescents. Nutritional supplementation can improve outcomes but can be difficult to administer. OBJECTIVE: Determine the tolerability of intradialytic oral nutrition in children and adolescents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional quality improvement study in an outpatient paediatric HD unit...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230806/comparing-the-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-parent-and-teacher-reported-oppositional-defiant-disorder-findings-from-a-national-sample
#18
James McNeilis, Barbara Maughan, Robert Goodman, Richard Rowe
BACKGROUND: Parents and teachers often disagree on the presence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in children. It has been argued that ODD should be treated as an informant-specific disorder. This study compared the characteristics of children identified with ODD by parent- and teacher report. METHODS: We used the 1999 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey, including more than 10,000 observations aged 5-15 years, to investigate symptom profiles, risk factors, comorbidities and three-year outcomes of parent- and teacher-reported ODD...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230802/measurement-properties-of-instruments-that-assess-participation-in-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Francesca Lami, Kristine Egberts, Alexandra Ure, Rowena Conroy, Katrina Williams
AIM: To systematically review the measurement properties of instruments assessing participation in young people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: A search was performed in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PubMed combining three constructs ('ASD', 'test of participation', 'measurement properties'). Results were restricted to articles including people aged 6 to 29 years. The 2539 identified articles were independently screened by two reviewers. For the included articles, data were extracted using standard forms and their risk of bias was assessed...
December 12, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230699/predictive-psychiatric-genetic-testing-in-minors-an-exploration-of-the-non-medical-benefits
#20
Arianna Manzini, Danya F Vears
Predictive genetic testing for susceptibility to psychiatric conditions is likely to become part of standard practice. Because the onset of most psychiatric diseases is in late adolescence or early adulthood, testing minors could lead to early identification that may prevent or delay the development of these disorders. However, due to their complex aetiology, psychiatric genetic testing does not provide the immediate medical benefits that current guidelines require for testing minors. While several authors have argued non-medical benefits may play a crucial role in favour of predictive testing for other conditions, little research has explored such a role in psychiatric disorders...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
keyword
keyword
1000
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"