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Bodil Just Christensen, Julie Berg Schmidt, Mette Søndergaard Nielsen, Louise Tækker, Lotte Holm, Susanne Lunn, Wender L P Bredie, Christian Ritz, Jens Juul Holst, Torben Hansen, Anja Hilbert, Carel W le Roux, Oliver J Hulme, Hartwig Siebner, Tobias Morville, Lars Naver, Andrea Karen Floyd, Anders Sjödin
Despite substantial research efforts, the mechanisms proposed to explain weight loss after gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SL) do not explain the large individual variation seen after these treatments. A complex set of factors are involved in the onset and development of obesity and these may also be relevant for the understanding of why success with treatments vary considerably between individuals. This calls for explanatory models that take into account not only biological determinants but also behavioral, affective and contextual factors...
June 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Friedemann Nauck
Role of the influence of cultural and religious beliefs on medical end-of-life decision-making Abstract. Decision-making at the end of life must encompass medical indication, therapeutic offer, patient autonomy and consent. Furthermore, physicians must reflect on whether their own cultural and religious beliefs have an influence on their decision-making process. Basic knowledge in palliative care or integration of experts in palliative care may be useful when dealing with patients at the end of life, particularly when shifting treatment goals to palliative or comfort care measures is considered or necessary...
July 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Steven W Cole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Jan-Bennet Voltmer, Edgar Voltmer, Jürgen Deller
The present study applies a salutogenetic approach to psycho-social stress and wellbeing at work and for the first time analyzes the relation of an extended model of four work-related behavior and experience patterns to work related perceptions, like work ability, job satisfaction and turnover intention, or engagement. Employees of an international financial services company ( N = 182) completed the questionnaire Work-related behavior and experience pattern ( Arbeitsbezogenes Verhaltens- und Erlebensmuster ; AVEM)...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kathy Ellem, Lesley Chenoweth, Ruth Edwards
Person-centred planning (PCP) has underpinned disability service provision in many Western countries for the past 30 years. For many people with an intellectual disability, family members are central to this process and are important allies in facilitating positive change. This article presents findings from an evaluation of a family resourcing and capacity building project in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Accounts from families show the merits of such work, but family efforts can be undermined by apathy and discrimination to disability from extended family, community and service providers...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Violeta Necula, Marcel Cosgarea, Alma Aurelia Maniu
PURPOSE: The role of cochlear implant in deaf children development is well-known. However, the results are highly variable and depend on several factors. The most important role belongs to the family, family environment in which the child develops. The aim of the study was to evaluate the features of the family environment in which cochlear-implanted children develop. METHODS: The questionnaire "Family Environment Scale" was sent to 108 families who had cochlear-implanted child with more than 6 months of experience...
July 17, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Hyunna Kim
This research examined the effects on sociality and social relationship of therapeutic recreation program (TRP) based on partner and group activity in the institutionalized elderly as the level of psycho-social rehabilitations. TRP sessions were designed to encourage interaction and social relationship between two people or groups performing different types of tasks applied on Mosey's 5-step interaction skills. TRP was conducted for a total of 8 sessions, once a week, for 8 weeks. Using a pre-post experimental design, eight volunteer's data were analyzed to examine changes in sociality and social relationship...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Cyrielle Derguy, Solenne Roux, Marine Portex, Katia M'bailara
The aim of this study was to assess the respective weight of individual and environmental factors on quality of life (Qol) of parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Few studies have investigated both individual and environmental predictors of Qol but to our knowledge, none of them has considered the child's and parents' characteristics, family context and services available in the same design. Participants were 115 parents (73 mothers and 42 fathers) of children with ASD aged from 3 to 10 years...
July 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Miyako Tsuchiya, Mariko Masujima, Tomoyasu Kato, Shun-Ichi Ikeda, Chikako Shimizu, Takayuki Kinoshita, Sho Shiino, Makiko Suzuki, Miki Mori, Miyako Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: To identify social-cognitive factors predicting lymphoedema risk-reduction behaviours (hereafter, self-care) after discharge among patients in Japan with breast or gynaecological cancers, using the extended model of the theory of planned behaviour. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted in an oncology hospital. Items measured were (1) knowledge about self-care; (2) the Cancer Fatigue Scale; (3) social-cognitive factors in the theory of planned behaviour (attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control); (4) self-care (limb hygiene, observation, articular movement, recommended risk-reduction behaviours in daily life, and diet and weight control); and (5) demographics...
July 16, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Agnieszka M Kempny, Leon James, Kudret Yelden, Sophie Duport, Simon F Farmer, E Diane Playford, Alexander P Leff
Patients in Vegetative State (VS), also known as Unresponsive Wakefulness State (UWS) are deemed to be unaware of themselves or their environment. This is different from patients diagnosed with Minimally Conscious state (MCS), who can have intermittent awareness. In both states, there is a severe impairment of consciousness; these disorders are referred to as disorders of consciousness (DOC) and if the state is prolonged, pDOC. There is growing evidence that some patients who are behaviourally in VS/UWS can show neural activation to environmental stimuli and that this response can be detected using functional brain imaging (fMRI/PET) and electroencephalography (EEG)...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
C Van Woudenberg, E M Voorendonk, H Bongaerts, H A Zoet, M Verhagen, C W Lee, A van Minnen, A De Jongh
Background: There is room for improvement regarding the treatment of severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intensifying treatment to increase patient retention is a promising development. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an intensive trauma-focused treatment programme over 8 days for individuals suffering from severe PTSD. Method: Treatment was provided for 347 PTSD patients (70% women; mean age = 38.32 years, SD  = 11.69) and consisted of daily sessions of prolonged exposure and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy (16 sessions in total), physical activity, and psycho-education...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Mukut Roy, Nilanjan Sengupta, Pranab Kumar Sahana, Chanchal Das, Payel Talukdar, Arjun Baidya, Soumik Goswami
AIMS: Common psycho-social emotional reactions of patients with diabetes may be termed as diabetes-specific distress which is conceptually distinctive from depression. In patients with type 2 diabetes, different screening methods for depression may get influenced by simultaneous presence of diabetes distress. This study was planned to assess magnitude and relationship of depression and diabetes specific distress in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty (250) adult patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were assessed for depression based on Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth edition (DSM IV) criteria...
July 12, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Yolanda Quiles Marcos, María J Quiles Sebastián, Marta Escolano Herrera, Ricardo Sanmartín, Janet Treasure
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to conduct a pilot study to measure the effectiveness of the Collaborative Care Skills Training Workshops (CCSTW) on the outcomes of Spanish carers and to analyse the impact of this programme on the patient's wellbeing. We used psychoeducation as a comparison intervention in the study. METHOD: The study compared two forms of carer workshops. 64 carers and 37 eating disorder patients participated in this study. Carers were randomised to either the CCSTW or the Psycho-educational programme...
August 2018: Psicothema
M Nardelli, A Greco, O P Danzi, C Perlini, F Tedeschi, E P Scilingo, L Del Piccolo, G Valenza
Emphatic doctor-patient communication has been associated with improved psycho-physiological well-being involving cardiovascular and neuroendocrine responses. Nevertheless, a comprehensive assessment of heartbeat linear and nonlinear dynamics throughout the communication of a life-threatening disease has not been performed yet. To this extent, we studied linear heartbeat dynamics through the extraction of time-frequency domain measurements, as well as heartbeat nonlinear and complex dynamics through novel approaches to compute multi-scale and multi-lag series analyses: namely, the multi-scale distribution entropy and lagged Poincaré plot symbolic analysis...
July 14, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Suzanne D Thomas, Sandra C Mobley, Jodi L Hudgins, Donald E Sutherland, Sandra B Inglett, Brittany L Ange
The purpose of the study was to describe conditions and dynamics in the lives of high-risk, low-income, Southern United States prenatal-interconceptional women ( n = 37) in a home visiting program that promoted maternal health literacy progression. In the Life Course Health Development (LCHD) Model, conditions were risk and protective factors that impacted health. Dynamics drove the complex, epigenetic relationships between risk and protective factors. Maternal health literacy promotion helped participants address conditions and dynamics to create positive life changes...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
William Affleck, Umaharan Thamotharampillai, Judy Jeyakumar, Rob Whitley
Refugee men face unique mental health stressors in the pre- and post-migratory periods. However, there has been little in-depth research on the mental health of refugee men in Canada. Given this situation, the overall aim of this study is to explore the psycho-social experience of Sri Lankan Tamil refugee men in Canada. Particular objectives include better understanding any inter-relationship between war-trauma, migration, concepts of masculinity and mental health. The study employed a two-phase participatory action research design based on the grounded theory approach...
July 12, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Iman Karimzadeh, Mohammad Reza Namazi, Amin Karimzadeh
Trichoepithelioma is an uncommon benign adnexal neoplasm. It can present as a solitary non-familial or multiple familial form. Trichoepithelioma usually develops in early childhood or puberty. Females are more affected. It is attributed to two genetic mutations on chromosomes 9p21 and 16q12-q13. Multiple familial trichoepithelioma is an autosomal-dominant disorder, characterized by numerous nodules and papules, predominantly on the face and occasionally on the scalp, neck, or upper trunk, positive family history, and histopathological findings...
June 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Coralie Barbe, Damien Jolly, Isabella Morrone, Aurore Wolak-Thierry, Moustapha Dramé, Jean-Luc Novella, Rachid Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is necessary to ensure optimal management. Several scales for assessing HRQoL of patients with AD exist, in particular the Quality of Life in Alzheimer's Disease (QoL-AD), which includes an evaluation by the caregiver of the patient's HRQoL. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with patient, caregiver and overall HRQoL as assessed by the QoL-AD. METHODS: Cross-sectional multicenter study in subjects aged 65 years and older, with mild to moderate AD...
July 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Nisha Naicker, Pieter de Jager, Shan Naidoo, Angela Mathee
Lead exposure has been associated with psycho-neurological disorders. Elevated blood lead levels have been found in shooters. This study assesses the association between the blood lead levels of shooters and their levels of aggression. An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Gauteng, South Africa. Participants were recruited from four randomly selected shooting ranges with three randomly selected archery ranges used as a comparison group. A total of 118 (87 shooters and 31 archers) participants were included in the analysis...
July 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
T A Aivazyan, V P Zaitsev
BACKGROUND: The autogenic training (AT) is one of the most widely used methods for psychotherapy of patients suffering from chronic somatic diseases (CSD). A number of studies have demonstrated the improvement of the psychological status in the patients under the influence of autogenic training. However, up to the present time, both the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effectiveness and the predictors of the AT effectiveness have remained to be poorly studied which hampers the development of differentiated indications for the application of this technique...
2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
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