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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333074/laparoendoscopic-rendezvous-may-be-an-effective-alternative-to-a-failed-preoperative-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-patients-with-cholecystocholedocholithiasis
#1
Fotios Tsiopoulos, Andreas Kapsoritakis, Athanassios Psychos, Anastasios Manolakis, Konstantinos Oikonomou, George Tzovaras, Ioannis Baloyiannis, Alexandra Tsikrika, Spyros Potamianos
Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), remains the standard way of management for patients with cholecystocholedocholithiasis. Laparoendoscopic rendezvous (LERV), a combined procedure for removing the gallbladder laparoscopically and clearing the common bile duct (CBD) endoscopically at the same time, could be an attractive alternative. The aim of this study was to compare LERV with classic ERCP in patients with cholecystocholedocholithiasis...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332052/when-art-meets-gardens-does-it-enhance-the-benefits-the-nancy-hypothesis-of-care-for-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Thérèse Rivasseau Jonveaux, Reinhard Fescharek
The creation of healing gardens for persons with Alzheimer's disease and related diseases (ADRD) offers vast potential. They can play a role in the scaffolding of cognitive disorders, emotional stress, sensory processing, sense of harmony, and appeasement. These effects are achieved through a distributed interplay of psychological functions with the immediate environment and local culture on the one hand, and dialogue on the other. The garden, a natural canvas created by man, shares with art the ability to foster an esthetic sense for which the perception can be measured by functional neurological imaging exploration...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330656/3d-imaging-3d-printing-and-3d-virtual-planning-in-endodontics
#3
REVIEW
Pratik Shah, B S Chong
The adoption and adaptation of recent advances in digital technology, such as three-dimensional (3D) printed objects and haptic simulators, in dentistry have influenced teaching and/or management of cases involving implant, craniofacial, maxillofacial, orthognathic and periodontal treatments. 3D printed models and guides may help operators plan and tackle complicated non-surgical and surgical endodontic treatment and may aid skill acquisition. Haptic simulators may assist in the development of competency in endodontic procedures through the acquisition of psycho-motor skills...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330007/lost-connections-oxytocin-and-the-neural-physiological-and-behavioral-consequences-of-disrupted-relationships
#4
REVIEW
Tobias T Pohl, Larry J Young, Oliver J Bosch
In humans and rodent animal models, the brain oxytocin system is paramount for facilitating social bonds, from the formation and consequences of early-life parent-infant bonds to adult pair bond relationships. In social species, oxytocin also mediates the positive effects of healthy social bonds on the partners' well-being. However, new evidence suggests that the negative consequences of early neglect or partner loss may be mediated by disruptions in the oxytocin system as well. With a focus on oxytocin and its receptor, we review studies from humans and animal models, i...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329540/children-with-albinism-in-african-regions-their-rights-to-being-and-doing
#5
Anita Franklin, Patricia Lund, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Albinism is an inherited condition with a relatively high prevalence in populations throughout sub-Saharan Africa. People with oculocutaneous albinism have little or no pigment in their hair, skin and eyes; thus they are visually impaired and extremely sensitive to the damaging effect of the sun on their skin. Aside from the health implications of oculocutaneous albinism, there are also significant sociocultural risks. The impacts of albinism are particularly serious in areas that associate albinism with legend and folklore, leading to stigmatisation and discrimination...
January 12, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327168/social-media-social-comparison-of-ability-but-not-opinion-predicts-lower-identity-clarity-identity-processing-style-as-a-mediator
#6
Chia-Chen Yang, Sean M Holden, Mollie D K Carter
Social comparison on social media has received increasing attention, but most research has focused on one type of social comparison and its psycho-emotional implications. Little is known about how different types of social comparison influence youth's identity development. Drawing on the theories of identity processing styles and social comparison, we examined how two different forms of social comparison on social media related to three identity processing styles, which in turn predicted youth's global self-esteem and identity clarity...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318772/mental-health-nursing-daring-to-be-different-special-and-leading-recovery-focused-care
#7
Peter Santangelo, Nicholas Procter, Denise Fassett
How mental health nursing is differentiated from other disciplines and professions, and what special contribution mental health nurses make to health services, is a question at the heart of contemporary practice. One of the significant challenges for mental health nurses is identifying, developing and advancing those aspects of their practice that they consider differentiate them in the multi-disciplinary mental health care team and to articulate clearly what a mental health nurse is and does. This paper draws on data from interviews with 36 mental health nurses in Australia who identified their practice as autonomous...
February 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313309/air-pollution-and-allergic-airway-diseases-social-determinantsand-sustainability-in-the-control-and-prevention
#8
REVIEW
H Paramesh
Air pollution, global warming and climate change are the major contributing factors in causing the increase prevalence of allergic airway diseases like asthma and allergic rhinitis and they will be the defining issues for health system in the twenty-first century. Asthma is an early onset non-communicable environmental disease with global epidemic and contributes a greatest psycho socio economic burden. Nearly 8 million global deaths are from air pollution. Over one billion population are the sufferers during 2015 and will increase to 4 billion by 2050...
January 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309851/stress-and-psychological-constructs-related-to-eating-behavior-are-associated-with-anthropometry-and-body-composition-in-young-adults
#9
Katie C Hootman, Kristin A Guertin, Patricia A Cassano
BACKGROUND: The transition to college is associated with weight gain, but the relation between eating behavior indicators and anthropometric outcomes during this period remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate sex differences in stress, emotional eating, tendency to overeat, and restrained eating behavior, and determine whether the psycho-behavioral constructs assessed immediately prior to starting college are associated with anthropometry and adiposity at the start of college, and with first-semester weight gain...
January 5, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307222/-professional-identity-of-hungarian-psychiatrist-experiences-of-a-study
#10
Adrienne Incze, Szabolcs Kéri, György Szekeres
INTRODUCTION: A main determinant of professional identity is the integrity of the discipline. The complexity of psychiatry in biological, psychological and sociological aspects is a typical instance of the necessity for integration. AIM: Based on the bio-psycho-social dimensions and on their opinion about acceptance of psychiatry, we explored the professional identities of physicians working in Hungarian contemporary psychiatry. METHOD: Voluntary, anonymous responses were collected by using a 10-point evaluation scale on professional attitude, appreciation of psychiatry from lay society and other medical professions, and the importance of biology, psychology and sociology within psychiatry...
January 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304867/predictors-of-hysterectomy-among-married-women-15-49%C3%A2-years-in-india
#11
Ranjan Kumar Prusty, Chetan Choithani, Shiv Dutt Gupta
BACKGROUND: In India, community based studies and media reports indicate a surge in the number of young women undergoing hysterectomy in the past few years. This has led to suspicion on the misuse of procedure, and intense debates on its potential ill health-effects on young women. However, there are no population-based studies that provide insights into hysterectomy prevalence and its determinants at the national level. DATA AND METHODS: This study used data from India's District Level Household Survey that involved a sample of 3, 16,361 married women in the age group of 15-49 years spread across 21 States and Union Territories of India...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301707/factors-associated-with-direct-health-care-costs-in-schizophrenia-results-from-the-face-sz-french-dataset
#12
Charles Laidi, Amélie Prigent, Alice Plas, Marion Leboyer, Guillaume Fond, Karine Chevreul
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of data on health care consumption of patients suffering from schizophrenia, as well as on the related health care costs. Factors associated with health care costs have not been widely studied, whereas knowledge on this topic would allow identifying risk factors and delineating strategies to improve patients' health and follow-up, likely to also decrease health care costs. The aim of this study was to estimate the average direct health care cost of patients with schizophrenia in France and to identify the factors associated with this cost...
January 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301586/effectiveness-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-to-prevent-postpartum-parental-distress-and-enhance-infant-well-being-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Marjolein Missler, Roseriet Beijers, Jaap Denissen, Annemieke van Straten
BACKGROUND: The first months after birth can be challenging for parents, leading to parental distress and decreased well-being. Parents with high levels of distress are found to respond less adequately and sensitively to their infant, which in turn affects infant well-being and health. The goal of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a psycho-educational intervention to prevent postpartum parental distress and enhance the quality of caregiving and infant well-being. In contrast to other interventions, this intervention will be (1) offered already before birth, (2) offered to all parents-to-be, regardless of their risk of postpartum distress, and (3) include fathers...
January 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301526/validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-late-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-survivorship-related-quality-of-life-measure-laya-srql
#14
Diana Richter, Anja Mehnert, Florian Schepper, Katja Leuteritz, Crystal Park, Jochen Ernst
BACKGROUND: Cancer has adverse effects on patient's quality of life. As such, measuring quality of life (QoL) has become an integral part of psycho-oncological health care. Because adolescent and young adult patients have different needs in contrast to children and older cancer patients, instruments for adequately measuring QoL of cancer survivors in this age range are essential. As there is not a corresponding instrument in Germany, we aimed to validate the German version of the Late Adolescence and Young Adulthood Survivorship-Related Quality of Life Measure (LAYA-SRQL), a 30-item questionnaire covering 10 dimensions related to QoL...
January 4, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300770/oxytocin-is-lower-in-african-american-men-with-diabetes-and-associates-with-psycho-social-and-metabolic-health-factors
#15
Yuval Eisenberg, Lara R Dugas, Arfana Akbar, Bharathi Reddivari, Brian T Layden, Elena Barengolts
OBJECTIVE: Recently, it has been suggested that oxytocin (OT) has a role in metabolism and neuropsychiatry health and disease, and therefore, it may represent a potential therapeutic target. The current study aimed to investigate relationships between OT and glycemic status along with psycho-social and behavioral factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 92 obese or overweight, African American, male subjects were enrolled in the study. Biometric and biochemical data were collected including oral glucose tolerance testing and urinary OT (measured by ELISA)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288960/coping-with-stressful-events-a-pre-post-test-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-for-undergraduate-nursing-and-midwifery-students
#16
Bridie McCarthy, Anna Trace, Moira O'Donovan, Patricia O'Regan, Caroline Brady-Nevin, Maria O'Shea, Ann-Marie Martin, Margaret Murphy
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of coping mechanisms is important for nursing and midwifery students to cope with stressful events during undergraduate education. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a psycho-educational intervention "Coping with Stressful Events" with first year undergraduate nursing and midwifery students. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental, one-group pre-post-test. SETTINGS: One school of nursing/midwifery in one university in Ireland...
December 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285570/experts-opinion-about-the-primary-headache-diagnostic-criteria-of-the-ichd-3rd-edition-beta-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
REVIEW
Aynur Özge, Noemi Faedda, Ishaq Abu-Arafeh, Amy A Gelfand, Peter James Goadsby, Jean Christophe Cuvellier, Massimiliano Valeriani, Alexey Sergeev, Karen Barlow, Derya Uludüz, Osman Özgür Yalın, Richard B Lipton, Alan Rapoport, Vincenzo Guidetti
BACKGROUND: The 2013 International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 (ICHD-3) was published in a beta version to allow the clinicians to confirm the validity of the criteria or to suggest improvements based on field studies. The aim of this work was to review the Primary Headache Disorders Section of ICHD-3 beta data on children and adolescents (age 0-18 years), and to suggest changes, additions, and amendments. METHODS: Several experts in childhood headache across the world applied different aspects of ICHD-3 beta in their normal clinical practice...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285215/depression-and-its-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-chinese-inpatients-with-lung-cancer
#18
Wen Gu, Yan-Min Xu, Jun-Hong Zhu, Bao-Liang Zhong
Depression is of great concern for patients with cancer. A detailed epidemiological profile of depression in Chinese patients with lung cancer and whether depression impacts patients' health-related quality of life (HRQOL) remain unknown. This study examined the prevalence and socio-demographic and clinical correlates of depression and its effect on HRQOL in Chinese inpatients with lung cancer of two large general hospitals. A total of 148 inpatients were consecutively recruited, and administered with a standardized questionnaire to collect socio-demographic and clinical data...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284811/caregiver-burden-in-medical-versus-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#19
Anu Kant Mital, Sayali Ganesh Sabnis, Vrushali Vishal Kulkarni
Background: An informal care-giver is generally an unpaid individual who looks after the personal and medical needs of the patient. India being a country of traditions and family values, this informal care-giver is usually a family member. These care-givers, being untrained in this job undergo tremendous stress. Available research studies the burden individually in the relatives of chronically medically ill patients and those of psychiatrically ill patients. Furthermore the previous research targets the burden in individual diseases...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284806/first-2-years-of-experience-of-residential-care-at-sakalawara-rehabilitation-services-national-institute-of-mental-health-and-neurosciences-bengaluru-india
#20
Narayana Manjunatha, Preeti Pansari Agarwal, Harihara N Shashidhara, Mohan Palakode, E Aravind Raj, Aruna Rose Mary Kapanee, Prashanthi Nattala, C Naveen Kumar, Paulomi Sudhir, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Srikala Bharath, Kasi Sekar, Mathew Varghese
Introduction: There is an unmet need for continuity-of-care is well known for those with severe mental disorders (SMDs) after acute care at hospitals in India. The "Sakalawara Rehabilitation Services (SRS)" functioned from March 2014 at "Sakalawara Community Mental Health Centre" (SCMHC) of "National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences," Bengaluru, India in the concepts of residential care (half-way-home) with the aim to develop a replicable model. Aim: To review the inpatient records after the initial 2 years of experience in residential care at SCMHC...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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