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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921323/the-application-of-strand-invasion-phenomenon-directed-by-peptide-nucleic-acid-pna-and-single-stranded-dna-binding-protein-ssb-for-the-recognition-of-specific-sequences-of-human-endogenous-retroviral-herv-w-family
#1
Grzegorz Machnik, Łukasz Bułdak, Jarosław Ruczyński, Tomasz Gąsior, Małgorzata Huzarska, Dariusz Belowski, Magdalena Alenowicz, Piotr Mucha, Piotr Rekowski, Bogusław Okopień
The HERV-W family of human endogenous retroviruses represents a group of numerous sequences that show close similarity in genetic composition. It has been documented that some members of HERV-W-derived expression products are supposed to play significant role in humans' pathology, such as multiple sclerosis or schizophrenia. Other members of the family are necessary to orchestrate physiological processes (eg, ERVWE1 coding syncytin-1 that is engaged in syncytiotrophoblast formation). Therefore, an assay that would allow the recognition of particular form of HERV-W members is highly desirable...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918878/maternal-mental-health-over-the-course-of-four-years-following-childbirth-the-contribution-of-birth-circumstances-and-psycho-social-factors
#2
Ginna Porat-Zyman, Orit Taubman Ben-Ari, Iris Morag, Jacob Kuint
We aimed to identify mothers at risk for poorer maternal mental health (MMH) one month post-partum and to determine changes in MMH over four years in relation to birth circumstances (singleton/twins, full-term/pre-term infant/s, first/non-first child), internal resources (adult attachment styles), and external resources (marital quality and maternal grandmother's support) at one month post-partum. The mediating effects of external resources were also investigated. Questionnaires were completed between 2001 and 2012 by 561 Israeli mothers...
December 5, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918189/mentalization-based-therapy-for-parents-in-entrenched-conflict-a-random-allocation-feasibility-study
#3
Leezah Hertzmann, Mary Target, David Hewison, Polly Casey, Pasco Fearon, Dana Lassri
To explore the effectiveness of a mentalization-based therapeutic intervention specifically developed for parents in entrenched conflict over their children. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first randomized controlled intervention study in the United Kingdom to work with both parents postseparation, and the first to focus on mentalization in this situation. Using a mixed-methods study design, 30 parents were randomly allocated to either mentalization-based therapy for parental conflict-Parenting Together, or the Parents' Group, a psycho-educational intervention for separated parents based on elements of the Separated Parents Information Program-part of the U...
December 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#4
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912963/overcoming-communication-challenges-in-integrative-supportive-cancer-care-the-integrative-physician-the-psycho-oncologist-and-the-patient
#5
Eran Ben-Arye, Efrat Shavit, Haya Wiental, Elad Schiff, Olga Agour, Noah Samuels
BACKGROUND: Complementary/integrative medicine (CIM) services are increasingly being integrated into conventional supportive cancer care, presenting a number of challenges to communication between healthcare professionals (HCPs). The purpose of the present study was to explore the impact of the communication between integrative physicians (IPs) trained in CIM and social workers (SWs) working as psycho-oncologists in the same oncology setting. We examine whether IP-SW communication correlates with the number of patient-SW sessions, as provided within the oncology department...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909169/psycho-existential-distress-in-cancer-patients-a-return-to-entheogens
#6
Craig D Blinderman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905557/hallucinations-in-schizophrenia-and-parkinson-s-disease-an-analysis-of-sensory-modalities-involved-and-the-repercussion-on-patients
#7
P M Llorca, B Pereira, R Jardri, I Chereau-Boudet, G Brousse, D Misdrahi, G Fénelon, A-M Tronche, R Schwan, C Lançon, A Marques, M Ulla, P Derost, B Debilly, F Durif, I de Chazeron
Hallucinations have been described in various clinical populations, but they are neither disorder nor disease specific. In schizophrenia patients, hallucinations are hallmark symptoms and auditory ones are described as the more frequent. In Parkinson's disease, the descriptions of hallucination modalities are sparse, but the hallucinations do tend to have less negative consequences. Our study aims to explore the phenomenology of hallucinations in both hallucinating schizophrenia patients and Parkinson's disease patients using the Psycho-Sensory hAllucinations Scale (PSAS)...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901408/four-steps-to-eliminate-or-reduce-pain-in-children-caused-by-needles-part-1
#8
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf* speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The interdisciplinary pain team is devoted to prevent and treat acute, procedural, neuropathic, psycho-social-spiritual, visceral, and chronic/complex pain for all inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
November 30, 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900748/-effects-of-different-genres-of-music-on-the-psycho-physiological-responses-of-undergraduates
#9
Hsin-Ping Lee, Yu-Chen Liu, Mei-Feng Lin
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate students face tremendous stressors from learning, interpersonal relationships, and life. Stress may cause adaptation exhaustion and stress-related disorders. While the results of recent clinical studies indicate that music interventions may alleviate stress, there is a dearth of research exploring the discrete effects of various genres of music on psycho-physiological status. PURPOSE: To explore the effects of listening to different genres of music on the psycho-physiological responses of undergraduates...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897994/disability-physical-inactivity-and-impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-are-not-different-in-metabolically-healthy-vs-unhealthy-obese-subjects
#10
Lorenzo M Donini, Gianluca Merola, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Carla Lubrano, Lucio Gnessi, Stefania Mariani, Silvia Migliaccio, Andrea Lenzi
BACKGROUND: Obesity represents a major health hazard, affecting morbidity, psychological status, physical functionality, quality of life, and mortality. The aim of the present study was to explore the differences between metabolically healthy (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy (MUO) obese subjects with regard to physical activity, disability, and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). METHODS: All subjects underwent a multidimensional evaluation, encompassing the assessment of body composition, metabolic biomarkers and inflammation, physical activity level (IPAQ questionnaire), disability (TSD-OC test), and HR-QoL (SF-36 questionnaire)...
November 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894465/is-denial-a-maladaptive-coping-mechanism-which-prolongs-pre-hospital-delay-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#11
X Y Fang, L Albarqouni, A F von Eisenhart Rothe, S Hoschar, J Ronel, K-H Ladwig
OBJECTIVE: During an acute myocardial infarction, patients often use denial as a coping mechanism which may provide positive mood regulating effects but may also prolong prehospital delay time (PHD). However, empirical evidences are still sparse. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 533 ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients from the Munich Examination of Delay in Patients Experiencing Acute Myocardial Infarction (MEDEA) study. Data on sociodemographic, clinical and psycho-behavioral characteristics were collected at bedside...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891554/teaching-genetic-counseling-skills-incorporating-a-genetic-counseling-adaptation-continuum-model-to-address-psychosocial-complexity
#12
Andrea Shugar
Genetic counselors are trained health care professionals who effectively integrate both psychosocial counseling and information-giving into their practice. Preparing genetic counseling students for clinical practice is a challenging task, particularly when helping them develop effective and active counseling skills. Resistance to incorporating these skills may stem from decreased confidence, fear of causing harm or a lack of clarity of psycho-social goals. The author reflects on the personal challenges experienced in teaching genetic counselling students to work with psychological and social complexity, and proposes a Genetic Counseling Adaptation Continuum model and methodology to guide students in the use of advanced counseling skills...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891393/day-care-vs-overnight-stay-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-even-with-co-morbidity-and-a-possible-second-surgery-a-patient-s-choice
#13
Aswini Kumar Pujahari
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard for symptomatic gall stone disease. It is being practiced as a day care procedure in healthy individuals in American Society of Anaesthesialogists (ASA) grade I and II. It is not yet established in presence of co-morbidity and when a second surgery is added. In most of the study, patient's choice and the psycho-social factors were not considered in deciding the day care procedure. AIM: To find the safety of LC and a second surgery as day care in presence of compensated co-morbidity...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890136/age-related-differences-in-decision-making-for-digital-escape-route-signage-under-strenuous-emergency-conditions-of-tilted-passenger-ships
#14
Sonja Th Kwee-Meier, Alexander Mertens, Christopher M Schlick
This age-differentiated study investigated preferences for new digital, situation-adaptive escape route signage with informative and flashing elements under simulated emergency conditions of tilted passenger ships. The decision-making behaviour of 26 young (20-30 years) and 26 elderly (60-77 years) participants was observed in four conditions varying in applied stressors and in level versus uphill walking at 7° and 14°. In line with previous studies, decisions of young participants were significantly influenced by flashing elements on signs...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887707/-usefulness-of-social-and-educational-approach-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-the-lille-team-s-experience
#15
Julie Jacquot, Marie Delbarre-Philippart, Hélène Bricout, Cyril Lervat, Guillaume Carbonnelle, Pierre Leblond, Anne-Sophie Defachelles, Nicolas Penel, Hélène Sudour-Bonnange
Within the second "Cancer plan" 2009-2013, the French national institute of cancer (INCa) recommended the implementation of programs dedicated to adolescents and youngs adults (AYA) with cancer. In this context and in parallel to the specific medical care developed for AYA, the Oscar-Lambret center created a psycho-social-educational team including among others a social worker (SW) and a special educational teacher (SET), offering multidisciplinary qualifications and views. The social approach, realized as a pair by SW-SET, takes into account every aspect of each AYA (family, academic, career/professional, personal, cultural aspects…)...
November 22, 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876108/unmarried-patients-with-early-cognitive-impairment-are-more-likely-than-their-married-counterparts-to-complete-advance-care-plans
#16
Tong Jen Lo, Ngoc Huong Lien Ha, Chong Jin Ng, Gabriel Tan, Hui Mien Koh, Philip Lin Kiat Yap
BACKGROUND: Patients with early cognitive impairment (ECI) face the prospect of progressive cognitive decline that impairs their ability to make decisions on financial and personal matters. Advance care planning (ACP) is a process that facilitates decision making on future care and often includes identifying a proxy decision maker. This prospective study explores factors related to completion or non-completion of ACP in patients with ECI. METHODS: Patients with ECI (n = 158, M age = 76...
November 23, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875321/the-impact-of-selected-environmental-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-on-schoolchildren-s-somatic-and-mental-health
#17
Diana Vondrova, Daniela Kapsdorfer, Lubica Argalasova, Katarina Hirosova, Martin Samohyl, Ludmila Sevcikova
Children develop rapidly and many exogenous determinants of health significantly affect their somatic and mental development. There is a subjective perception of cognitive load associated with the educational process. The aim of the study is to assess individual environmental, behavioral and psychosocial factors influencing physical health and to investigate the amount of mental load in children. We investigated 87 schoolchildren (47 girls and 40 boys) aged 10-12 years, who were attending primary school in Bratislava...
November 22, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874840/an-integrated-narrative-nursing-model-towards-a-new-healthcare-paradigm
#18
Giovanna Artioli, Chiara Foà, Chiara Taffurelli
In the traditional biomedical model of clinical practice, which assumes a medicine focused on disease, diseases are considered as biological or psycho-physiological universal entities. This explanation, although necessary, is not enough. Several authors have recently become interested in the use of narrative practices in the medical care setting, underlining the increasing importance of "a patient-centered approach", a "relationship -centered care" and "narrative medicine". Even in Nursing, the challenge was to combine two models that seemed incompatible: the Evidence-Based Nursing Model and the Narrative-Based Nursing Model...
November 22, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870473/development-of-practice-guidelines-for-psychological-interventions-in-the-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-oncological-disease-breast-prostate-or-colorectal-cancer-methods-and-results
#19
Christina Reese, Joachim Weis, Dieter Schmucker, Oskar Mittag
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this project was to develop evidence- and consensus-based practice guidelines for psychological interventions in the rehabilitation of patients with oncological disease (breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer). METHODS: First of all, we conducted a literature search and survey of all oncological rehabilitation centers in Germany (N = 145) to obtain a thorough perspective of the recent evidence, guidelines, the structural framework and practice of psychological services in oncological rehabilitation...
November 21, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864991/the-effects-of-life-review-on-psycho-spiritual-well-being-among-patients-with-life-threatening-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Ying Chen, Huimin Xiao, Yanqing Yang, Xiuyan Lan
AIM: To examine the strength of evidence regarding the effects of life review on psycho-spiritual well-being among patients with life-threatening illness. BACKGROUND: Life-threatening illness not only causes physical symptoms but also psycho-spiritual burdens. Life review has been widely implemented to assist people coping with these burdens. However, the effectiveness of life review is not clear. To date, no systematic review or meta-analysis has been published on this topic...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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