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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228081/the-neurobiology-and-psychiatric-perspective-of-vaginismus-linking-the-pharmacological-and-psycho-social-interventions
#1
Zuri Shahidii Kadir, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Najwa Baharuddin
Vaginismus is an involuntary muscle contraction of the outer third of vaginal barrel causing sexual penetration almost impossible. It is generally classified under sexual pain disorder (SPD). In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition, it is classified under the new rubric of Genito-Pelvic Pain/Sexual Penetration Disorder. This fear-avoidance condition poses an ongoing significant challenge to the medical and health professionals due to the very demanding needs in health care despite its unpredictable prognosis...
February 22, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224187/-internet-and-mobile-based-approaches-psycho-social-diagnostics-and-treatment-in-medical-rehabilitation
#2
Harald Baumeister, Jiaxi Lin, David Daniel Ebert
Technology-based approaches for psychosocial diagnostics and interventions provide an attractive opportunity to optimize medical rehabilitation. Based on an Internet- and mobile-based assessment of existing functional health impairments, appropriate planning, implementation of corresponding courses of action as well as outcome assessment can take place. This can be implemented in the form of Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMI).The present article provides an overview of the basic knowledge of IMI and their evidence base both in general and in particular for their use in medical rehabilitation...
February 21, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219054/frequency-and-factors-associated-with-emergency-department-attendance-for-people-with-epilepsy-in-a-rural-uk-population
#3
Jon Allard, Rohit Shankar, William Henley, Andrew Brown, Brendan McLean, Mark Jadav, Mary Parrett, Richard Laugharne, Adam J Noble, Leone Ridsdale
Attendance at UK Emergency Departments (EDs) for people with epilepsy (PWE) following a seizure can be unnecessary and costly. The characteristics of PWE attending a UK rural district ED in a 12-month period were examined to foster better understanding of relevant psycho-social factors associated with ED use by conducting cross-sectional interviews using standardized questionnaires. Of the total participants (n=46), approximately one-third of the study cohort attended ED on three or more occasions in the 12-month study period and accounted for 65% of total ED attendances reported...
February 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217818/psychosocial-needs-and-interventions-for-heart-failure-patients-and-families-receiving-palliative-care-support-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
John G Cagle, Morgan Bunting, Anne Kelemen, Joonyup Lee, Dorothy Terry, Ryan Harris
Although diseases of the heart are the leading cause of death in the USA, palliative care research has largely focused on populations of cancer patients. However, a diagnosis of heart failure differs substantially than that of cancer. They differ in terms of signs and symptoms, disease trajectories, treatment options, stigma, and prognosis. Additionally, the populations affected by these differing illnesses are also unique in a number of fundamental ways. Based on these differences, it is reasonable to hypothesize that palliative care patients with heart failure, and their families, have a distinct set of psychosocial needs...
February 20, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217451/erectile-dysfunction-masculinity-and-psychosocial-outcomes-a-review-of-the-experiences-of-men-after-prostate-cancer-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Suzanne K Chambers, Eric Chung, Gary Wittert, Melissa K Hyde
Prostate cancer (PC) treatment side-effects such as erectile dysfunction (ED) can impact men's quality of life (QoL), psychosocial and psycho-sexual adjustment. Masculinity (i.e., men's identity or sense of themselves as being a man) may also be linked to how men respond to PC treatment and ED however the exact nature of this link is unclear. This review aims to provide a snapshot of the current state of evidence regarding ED, masculinity and psychosocial impacts after PC treatment. Three databases (Medline/PsycINFO, CINHAL, and EMBASE) were searched January 1st 1980 to January 31st 2016...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205357/new-challenges-to-psycho-oncology-research-precision-medicine-oncology-and-targeted-therapies
#6
EDITORIAL
Daniel C McFarland, Liz Blackler, Jimmie Holland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203058/quality-of-life-assessment-in-patients-with-alopecia-areata-and-androgenetic-alopecia-in-the-people-s-republic-of-china
#7
Min Zhang, Nan Zhang
INTRODUCTION: In medical terms, alopecia is considered a relatively mild dermatological condition that nevertheless is a serious condition, but it causes major depression in many sufferers. Alopecia areata (AA) and androgenetic alopecia (AGA) are the main types of hair loss. This study assessed the quality of life (QoL) of Chinese patients with AA and AGA using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire. METHODS: A total of 178 AA and AGA patients were enrolled in this study, and DLQI was used to evaluate the QoL of the patients...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199030/lessons-learned-from-the-science-of-caring-extending-the-reach-of-psychosocial-oncology-the-international-psycho-oncology-society-2016-sutherland-award-lecture
#8
Barry D Bultz
In medicine, referral to a medical oncology specialty is based on recent history, physical examination, pathology, surgery reports, imaging, blood work and the patient's vital signs. By contrast, referral to a psychosocial specialist has typically been based on the patients expressed request for psychosocial support or the health care team's observation of the patient's limited adjustment or poor coping with the diagnosis, treatment or end of life distress. These observations are usually based on clinical acumen not on metrics...
February 15, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197665/-use-of-the-icf-in-medical-rehabilitation-in-germany-claims-and-reality
#9
Tobias-Raphael Wenzel, Matthias Morfeld
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is being used in the medical rehabilitation practice in different ways. The World Health Organization (WHO) and many other stakeholders have formulated claims and expectations for its use. OBJECTIVES: A comparative presentation of the claims of various stakeholders for the use of the ICF with examples in current practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Database searches (PubMed, REHADAT, and Google Scholar) were conducted for studies concerning claims and the current use of the ICF in practice...
February 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193197/qualitative-process-evaluation-of-a-psycho-educational-intervention-targeted-at-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-and-their-primary-caregivers-in-jordan
#10
Abd Al-HadiHasan, Patrick Callaghan, Joanne S Lymn
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a serious form of mental illness that often requires long term care. Empirical findings indicate that combining a psycho-educational intervention (PEI) with neuroleptic medication to treat schizophrenia is effective. However, there is little information on the therapeutic mechanism of PEIs. METHODS: A qualitative process evaluation was conducted with a purposive sample of people diagnosed with schizophrenia (PDwS, n = 8) and their Primary Caregivers (PCs, n = 9) who had received PEI as a part of an exploratory randomized controlled trial...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190417/test-anxiety-and-academic-performance-among-undergraduates-the-moderating-role-of-achievement-motivation
#11
Anthony Gbenro Balogun, Shyngle Kolawole Balogun, Chidi Victor Onyencho
This study investigated the moderating role of achievement motivation in the relationship between test anxiety and academic performance. Three hundred and ninety three participants (192 males and 201 females) selected from a public university in Ondo State, Nigeria using a purposive sampling technique, participated in the study. They responded to measures of test anxiety and achievement motivation. Three hypotheses were tested using moderated hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Results showed that test anxiety had a negative impact on academic performance (β = -...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190327/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-korean-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-advanced-gastrointestinal-cancer
#12
Junghwa Chung, Gawon Ju, Jiyoul Yang, Jiwon Jeong, Yusook Jeong, Moon Ki Choi, Jihyun Kwon, Ki Hyeong Lee, Seung Taik Kim, Hye Sook Han
Background/Aims: The purpose of the present study was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with anxiety and depression in Korean patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer. Methods: One hundred and twenty consecutive patients with newly diagnosed, advanced gastrointestinal cancer who were scheduled to receive palliative chemotherapy between July 2012 and June 2014 were enrolled in this observational prospective study. Anxiety and depression were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)...
February 14, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188946/integration-of-cognitive-skills-as-a-cross-cutting-theme-into-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-at-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences
#13
Akbar Soltani, Maryam Allaa, Hamideh Moosapour, Azadeh Aletaha, Farzaneh Shahrtash, Alireza Monajemi, Tohid Arastoo, Maryam Ahmadinejad, Azim Mirzazadeh, Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad
Nowadays, improvement of thinking skills of students is one of the universally supported aims in the majority of medical schools. This study aims to design longitudinal theme of reasoning, problem-solving and decision-making into the undergraduate medical curriculum at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). A participatory approach was applied to design the curriculum during 2009-2011. The project was conducted by the contribution of representatives of both basic and clinical faculty members, students and graduates at Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188139/exploring-gender-difference-in-sleep-quality-of-young-adults-findings-from-a-large-population-study
#14
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Jake M Najman, Abdullah Al Mamun
OBJECTIVES: To explore if gender difference in sleep quality is due to higher prevalence of depression in females, and whether socio-demographic and lifestyle factors have a differential effect on sleep quality in males and females. METHODS: Youth self-reports and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were used to assess sleep quality and associated risk factors. Logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the association between various risk factors and poor sleep quality...
December 2016: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188012/-end-of-life-care-difficulties-in-intensive-care-units-the-nurses-perspective
#15
Juan Francisco Velarde-García, Raquel Luengo-González, Raquel González-Hervías, Sergio González-Cervantes, Beatriz Álvarez-Embarba, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
OBJECTIVE: To describe the difficulties perceived by nursing staff in the delivery of end-of-life care to critically ill patients within intensive care units (ICU). METHOD: A descriptive phenomenological qualitative study was performed. A purposeful and snowball sampling of nursing staff with at least 1 year's previous experience working in an ICU was conducted. Twenty-two participants were enrolled. Data collection strategies included in-depth unstructured and semi-structured interviews and researcher's field notes...
February 7, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184329/factors-influencing-body-image-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Maedeh Rezaei, Forouzan Elyasi, Ghasem Janbabai, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi
CONTEXT: Many psycho-socioeconomic and other types factors associated with cancer, the treatment process, and changes in patients' physical appearance and sexual function influence the body image of women with breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine which factors influence the body image of women with breast cancer. DATA COLLECTION: A narrative literature review was conducted. Electronic databases, including Google Scholar, SID, Magiran, IranDoc, Barekat, Web of Science, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, ProQuest, Scopus, and PubMed, including Medline, were searched to retrieve articles published from 1993 to 2016 using the keywords breast cancer, treatment, body image, and related factors...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183073/melkersson-rosenthal-syndrome-a-case-report-with-a-psychosomatic-perspective
#17
Patrick Alves, Orlando von Doellinger, Maria Luísa Quintela, Aníbal Fonte, Rui Coelho
Context • The Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare condition characterized by a triad of symptoms: (1) recurrent and/or persistent orofacial swelling, (2) recurrent facial paralysis, and (3) a fissured tongue. Although various contributing factors have been suggested, the etiology and mechanisms of the syndrome have not been fully elucidated. Objective • The aim of the current study was to examine for the first time some psychosomatic aspects of the syndrome and to evaluate the benefits of a brief psychotherapeutic process in which the research team worked to reintegrate the complex bio-psycho-social functioning of the patient...
January 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179693/perceptions-of-rural-women-about-contraceptive-usage-in-district-khushab-punjab
#18
Aqeela Tabassum, Yasir Nawaz Manj, Tahira Rehman Gunjial, Salma Nazir
OBJECTIVE: To identify the perceptions of rural women about modern contraceptive methods and to ascertain the psycho-social and economic attitude of women about family planning methods. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan, from December 2014 to March 2015, and comprised married women. The sample was selected using multistage sampling technique through Fitzgibbon table. They were interviewed regarding use of family planning methods...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175180/p506-psychological-factors-and-quality-of-life-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-patients-the-psycho-study
#19
E Vegni, D Gilardi, B E Corrò, J Menichetti, D Leone, M Allocca, S Bonovas, F Furfaro, S Danese, G Fiorino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173066/p749-impact-of-psycho-social-variables-on-the-activity-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
O Sarid, V Slomin-Nevo, D Schwartz, M Friger, R Sergienko, E Chernin, H Vardi, D Greenberg, S Odes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
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