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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164929/psychosis-as-a-sequelae-of-paraneoplastic-syndrome-in-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-a-psycho-neuroendocrine-interface
#1
Christiana M Wilkins, Victoria L Johnson, Rachel E Fargason, Badari Birur
In 2013 more than 150,000 Americans died from all types of lung cancer. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) represents about 13% of all lung cancers and is notoriously associated with paraneoplastic syndromes (PNS). Here we present an interesting case of psychosis associated with one such PNS-- ectopic Cushing syndrome of SCLC. A 56 year old African-American male with no prior psychiatric history who was diagnosed with SCLC two months prior, presented to the ER for treatment of a right arm laceration he sustained while fighting off attackers, with high concern these individuals may have been part of hallucinatory experiences and well-systematized persecutory delusions regarding his wife...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161912/developing-an-integrative-treatment-program-for-cancer-related-fatigue-using-stakeholder-engagement-a-qualitative-study
#2
Claudia Canella, Michael Mikolasek, Matthias Rostock, Jörg Beyer, Matthias Guckenberger, Josef Jenewein, Esther Linka, Claudia Six, Sarah Stoll, Roger Stupp, Claudia M Witt
BACKGROUND: Although cancer-related fatigue (CRF) has gained increased attention in the past decade, it remains difficult to treat. An integrative approach combining conventional and complementary medicine interventions seems highly promising. Treatment programs are more likely to be effective if the needs and interests of the people involved are well represented. This can be achieved through stakeholder engagement. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to develop an integrative CRF treatment program using stakeholder engagement and to compare it to an expert version...
November 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160408/cognitive-performance-of-stunted-pre-school-children-undergoing-nutritional-recovery-treatment
#3
Thaíse Morais Silva, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Gomes de Azevedo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the treatment of stunted children offered at a specialized center influences their cognitive performance. METHODS: Two groups of children from vulnerable families were selected, one consisting of stunted children being treated at the Nutrition Education and Recovery Center (CREN), and the other group of eutrophic children from a local, public day care center. At CREN, children are treated in a day-hospital system (9 hours/day, 5 days/week), receiving medical, nutritional and psycho-pedagogical support...
November 13, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157514/a-psycho-legal-perspective-on-sexual-offending-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
REVIEW
A Creaby-Attwood, C S Allely
It is important to consider whether there are innate vulnerabilities that increase the risk of an individual with an autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), predominantly those defendants with a diagnosis of Asperger's Syndrome, being charged and convicted of a sexual offence. The significance of such can be readily seen in recent English case law, with judgments on appeal finding convictions unsafe where there have been a number of failings in the Judge's summing up. In this article, we will consider the gravity of Judges omitting to highlight a defendant's diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and the necessity of detailed explanations to jury members regarding the condition and its effect upon thoughts and behaviour...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157055/haptotherapy-as-a-new-intervention-for-treating-fear-of-childbirth-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Gert A Klabbers, Klaas Wijma, K Marieke Paarlberg, Wilco H M Emons, Ad J J M Vingerhoets
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of haptotherapy on severe fear of childbirth in pregnant women. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community midwifery practices and a teaching hospital in the Netherlands. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Primi- and multigravida, suffering from severe fear of childbirth (N = 134). METHODS: Haptotherapy, psycho-education via Internet and care as usual were randomly assigned at 20-24 weeks of gestation and the effects were compared at 36 weeks of gestation and 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154635/you-have-to-hear-this-using-tone-of-voice-to-motivate-others
#6
Netta Weinstein, Konstantina Zougkou, Silke Paulmann
The present studies explored the role of prosody in motivating others, and applied self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000) to do so. Initial studies describe patterns of prosody that discriminate motivational speech. Autonomy support was expressed with lower intensity, slower speech rate and less voice energy in both motivationally laden and neutral (but motivationally primed) sentences. In a follow-up study, participants were able to recognize motivational prosody in semantically neutral sentences, suggesting prosody alone may carry motivational content...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152036/case-study-quasi-qualitative-analysis-of-peer-group-supervision-of-a-child-trauma-recovery-program-in-occupied-palestine
#7
Ian G Barron, Ghassan Abdallah, Unni Heltne
This case study explores the impact of peer group supervision (PGS) for counselors delivering Teaching Recovery Techniques (TRT), a group psycho-social program for traumatized adolescents. Interviews were conducted with seven school counselors, from villages near East Jerusalem in occupied Palestine; a skilled supervisor; and an international trainer. A quasi-qualitative analysis was conducted to quantify responses and themes along with a measure of inter-rater reliability. Participants reported that even in a context of military violence, PGS provided a reflective process inclusive of formative, normative and restorative functions...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150861/cost-effectiveness-of-the-psycho-educational-blended-group-and-online-intervention-hypoaware-compared-with-usual-care-for-people-with-type-1-and-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-with-problematic-hypoglycaemia-analyses-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
M de Wit, S M P A Rondags, M W van Tulder, F J Snoek, J E Bosmans
AIMS: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of HypoAware, a blended (group and online) psycho-educational intervention based on the evidence-based Blood Glucose Awareness Training, in comparison with usual care in people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes with a high risk of severe hypoglycaemia. METHODS: We performed an economic evaluation, from a societal and healthcare perspective, that used data from a 6-month, multicentre, cluster-randomized controlled trial (n=137)...
November 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149795/development-of-a-psycho-educational-support-program-for-individuals-with-primary-progressive-aphasia-and-their-care-partners
#10
Darby J Morhardt, Mary C O'Hara, Kristine Zachrich, Christina Wieneke, Emily J Rogalski
Primary progressive aphasia is a language-based dementia that initially spares other cognitive domains; however, aphasia interferes with many life roles such as work and interpersonal relationships. Psycho-educational programs, such as support groups have been shown to be effective for persons with Alzheimer's dementia; however, little is known regarding their effectiveness for persons with primary progressive aphasia. This paper describes the development of a program that offers support, education and activities for persons with primary progressive aphasia and their care-partners and its feasibility...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148565/tobacco-cessation-interventions-for-young-people
#11
REVIEW
Thomas R Fanshawe, William Halliwell, Nicola Lindson, Paul Aveyard, Jonathan Livingstone-Banks, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Most tobacco control programmes for adolescents are based around prevention of uptake, but teenage smoking is still common. It is unclear if interventions that are effective for adults can also help adolescents to quit. This is the update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of strategies that help young people to stop smoking tobacco. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group's Specialized Register in June 2017...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147859/initial-psycho-oncological-counselling-in-neuro-oncology-analysis-of-topics-and-needs-of-brain-tumour-patients
#12
Stephanie Schipmann, Eric Suero Molina, Anna Frasch, Walter Stummer, Dorothee Wiewrodt
Diagnosis of a brain tumour is associated with a tremendous disruption of emotional, physical and social well-being. Due to the complexity of the disease and the affection of the central organ, the brain, brain tumour patients differ from other cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concerns and burdens presented by brain tumour patients during their initial psycho-oncological consultation. We performed a retrospective analysis of 53 patients with the diagnosis of either benign or malignant brain tumour, seeking counsel by a neurosurgeon specialised in psycho-oncology...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147798/the-reassuring-potential-of-spinal-imaging-results-development-and-testing-of-a-brief-psycho-education-intervention-for-patients-attending-secondary-care
#13
Emma L Karran, Yun-Hom Yau, Susan L Hillier, G Lorimer Moseley
PURPOSE: To develop and test a standardised method of interpreting spinal imaging findings in a manner designed to reassure patients with low back pain and promote engagement in an active recovery. METHODS: A five-phase development and testing process involved collaborative working party contributions, informal and formal appraisal of the intervention content by clinicians and consumers, a two-stage online evaluation of the take-home patient resource, and onsite testing...
November 17, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146071/comparison-among-the-levels-of-patients-satisfaction-according-to-the-surgical-technique-used-in-breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy
#14
Lucía Gómez-Escolar Larrañaga, Julio Delgado Martínez, José María Miguelena Bobadilla
BACKGROUND: It has been proved that a breast reconstruction after a mastectomy has a great psycho-social impact on patients. For this reason, it is increasingly done in a greater percentage of cases. There are two major groups of reconstructive techniques: a reconstruction with implants and a reconstruction with autologous tissue of the patient. In order to make a more objective assessment of the results, it is important to know how satisfied these patients are with the results. Therefore, we performed a study using Q-BREAST, the aim of which is to analyze the satisfaction of mastectomized patients according to the different surgical reconstruction techniques...
November 13, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145806/computer-and-telephone-delivered-interventions-to-support-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-research-output-and-quality
#15
Amy Waller, Sophie Dilworth, Elise Mansfield, Rob Sanson-Fisher
BACKGROUND: To assess the scope, volume and quality of research on the acceptability, utilisation and effectiveness of telephone- and computer-delivered interventions for caregivers of people living with dementia. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane databases were searched (Jan 1990 - Dec 2016). Eligible papers were classified as data-based descriptive, measurement or intervention studies. Intervention studies were first categorised according to mode of delivery (e...
November 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145792/evaluating-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-local-psycho-educational-intervention-for-pregnant-women-with-common-mental-problems-affected-by-armed-conflict-in-swat-pakistan-a-parallel-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#16
Muhammad Naseem Khan, Mukesh Dherani, Anna Chiumento, Najia Atif, Katie Bristow, Siham Sikander, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: The current research was conducted in the Swat valley, where widespread conflict and militancy had been experienced prior to the field activities. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a locally developed psycho-educational intervention. METHODS: This mixed-methods study incorporated a quantitative and qualitative component. For the quantitative component, trial participants were identified from a cross-sectional study conducted in the earlier phase of the research, with Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) score of ≥9...
December 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143680/abortion-as-empowerment-reproductive-rights-activism-in-a-legally-restricted-context
#17
Julia McReynolds-Pérez
BACKGROUND: This paper analyzes the strategies used by activist health professionals in Argentina who justify providing abortion despite legal restrictions on the procedure. These "insider activists" make a case for abortion rights by linking pregnancy termination to a woman's ability to exert agency at a key point in her reproductive life, and argue that refusing women access to the procedure constitutes a grievous health risk. This argument frames pregnancy termination as an issue of empowerment and also as a medical necessity...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143156/social-distance-and-community-attitudes-towards-people-with-psycho-social-disabilities-in-uttarakhand-india
#18
K Mathias, M Kermode, I Goicolea, L Seefeldt, R Shidhaye, M San Sebastian
Stigma is an important contributor to the large treatment gap for people with mental and psycho-social disabilities (PPSD) in India. Social distance as assessed by willingness to engage in relationships with PPSD is a proxy measure of stigma and potential discrimination. In North India, investigations of community attitudes towards PPSD have been limited. To describe attitudes towards people with depression and psychosis, a community sample of 960 adults in Dehradun district, India from 30 randomised clusters, was surveyed using a validated tool to assess social distance, beliefs and attitudes related to mental illness...
November 15, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141362/-evaluation-of-the-psychological-feature-and-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-somatic-symptoms-disorder-in-a-general-hospital
#19
F H Cui, N N Xiong, X Hong, Y P Duan, J Wei
Objective: To explore the psychological features and quality of life in outpatients with somatic symptoms disorder in a general hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2014-05 to 2015-06. Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) and somatic symptoms disorder (SSD) were recruited from psychological outpatient department, and patients with peptic ulcer (PU) / reflux esophagitis (RE) were recruited from Gastroenterology. Depression scale of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), Toronto Alexithymia scale (TAS), 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), items from Somatoform Disorder Screening Questionnaire were employed to evaluate the severity of depression, anxiety, alexithymia, quality of life, health care use and subjective feelings...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141068/new-insight-into-the-pathophysiology-of-hair-loss-trigger-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-treatment-approach
#20
Neil S Sadick, Valerie D Callender, Leon H Kircik, Sophia Kogan
<p>Hair loss affects millions of men and women of all ages and ethnicities, impacting appearance, social interactions, and psycho-emotional well-being. Although a number of options are available, they are limited, carry a potential risk of side effects, and none have proven to be comprehensive for treatment of hair loss. Across the spectrum of hair loss disorders, there has long been a segmentation into distinct mechanisms, driving the main trend in current therapeutics to focus on targeting single molecules or pathways...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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