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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738451/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#1
Yuman Kawoos, Zaid A Wani, Showkat A Kadla, Irfan A Shah, Arshad Hussain, M Maqbool Dar, Mushtaq A Margoob, Kouser Sideeq
Background/Aims: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic psycho-physiological disorder. It is considered to be the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder, and about 50.0-90.0% of IBS patients have associated psychiatric comorbidity. We aimed to study psychiatric comorbidities in patients with IBS visiting a tertiary care center. Methods: This was a cross-sectional case-control study conducted over a duration of one and a half years from January 2014 to July 2015...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738316/-what-kept-me-going-a-qualitative-study-of-avoidant-responses-to-war-related-adversity-and-perpetration-of-violence-by-former-forcibly-recruited-children-and-youth-in-the-acholi-region-of-northern-uganda
#2
Helle Harnisch, Edith Montgomery
This qualitative study investigates what, according to 36 former forcibly recruited women and men, enabled them to "keep on going" during and after their forced recruitment in the twenty-year-long civil war in northern Uganda. Furthermore, the study conveys the ways most of the former forcibly recruited kept on going and today cope with ongoing war-related adversity and difficult reintegration processes without relying on psycho-social intervention. Thirty-five of the 36 women and men were forcibly recruited when they were children by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) from the Acholi region of northern Uganda...
July 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738259/reasons-associated-with-treatment-non-adherence-in-schizophrenia-in-a-pakistan-cohort
#3
Irshad Ahmad, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, Brian Hallahan
non-adherence in patients with schizophrenia is the most common reason for a relapse of psychosis. In a cohort of participants in Pakistan who suffered a relapse of psychosis, we aimed to identify the principal factors associated with non-adherence, including any culture specific factors that might not be as significant in other jurisdictions. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken at four psychiatric hospitals in the Peshawar region in Pakistan with 55 participants (44 male and 11 female) diagnosed with schizophrenia, who had suffered a relapse of psychosis subsequent to treatment non-adherence...
July 13, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736009/beliefs-of-living-donors-about-recipients-end-stage-liver-failure-and-surgery-for-organ-donation
#4
M R Krespi, A Tankurt, K Acarli, T Kanmaz, Y Yankol, M Kalayoglu
BACKGROUND: The concept of beliefs could provide a basis for how donors may perceive recipients' end-stage liver failure (ESLF) and surgery for organ donation. However, there is no such quantitative study. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore beliefs of living donors about recipients' ESLF and surgery for organ donation. METHODS: The sample comprised 16 living donors who donated a part of their liver to a patient who had ESLF. The data were analyzed by following established procedures for inductive qualitative analysis...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732496/accuracy-and-determinants-of-perceived-hiv-risk-among-young-women-in-south-africa
#5
Brendan Maughan-Brown, Atheendar S Venkataramani
BACKGROUND: HIV risk perceptions are a key determinant of HIV testing. The success of efforts to achieve an AIDS-free generation - including reaching the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target - thus depends critically on the content of these perceptions. We examined the accuracy of HIV-risk perceptions and their correlates among young black women in South Africa, a group with one of the highest HIV incidence rates worldwide. METHODS: We used individual-level longitudinal data from the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS) from 2005 to 2009 on black African women (20-30 years old in 2009) to assess the association between perceived HIV-risk in 2005 and the probability of testing HIV-positive four years later...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728771/contribution-of-benson-s-relaxation-technique-and-brief-psycho-educational-intervention-on-quality-of-life-of-primary-caregivers-of-iranian-children-with-chronic-diseases
#6
Forough Mowla, Sedigheh Khanjari, Mehrnoush Inanlou
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases leave a significant effect on not only the afflicted children but also their parents. Chronic diseases in children may also influence their parents' or primary caregivers' quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a Brief Psycho-educational Intervention (BPI) and Benson's Relaxation Technique (BRT) on the QoL of primary caregivers of children with chronic diseases. METHODS: The present quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design was conducted on 100 parents with children who had one chronic disease (50 in each of the control and intervention groups) and were admitted to two state-run pediatric hospitals in Tehran, Iran in 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725547/spatial-working-memory-in-neurofibromatosis-1-altered-neural-activity-and-functional-connectivity
#7
Amira F A Ibrahim, Caroline A Montojo, Kristen M Haut, Katherine H Karlsgodt, Laura Hansen, Eliza Congdon, Tena Rosser, Robert M Bilder, Alcino J Silva, Carrie E Bearden
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder that disrupts central nervous system development and neuronal function. Cognitively, NF1 is characterized by difficulties with executive control and visuospatial abilities. Little is known about the neural substrates underlying these deficits. The current study utilized Blood-Oxygen-Level-Dependent (BOLD) functional MRI (fMRI) to explore the neural correlates of spatial working memory (WM) deficits in patients with NF1. METHODS: BOLD images were acquired from 23 adults with NF1 (age M = 32...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723500/the-advent-of-psycho-oncology-in-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#8
EDITORIAL
Frede Donskov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722248/screening-of-hallucinogenic-compounds-and-genomic-characterisation-of-40-anatolian-salvia-species
#9
Seda Damla Hatipoglu, Burhanettin Yalcinkaya, Muslum Akgoz, Turan Ozturk, Ahmet C Goren, Gulacti Topcu
INTRODUCTION: Salvia, an important and widely available member of Lamiaceae family. Although comparative analysis on secondary metabolites in several Salvia species from Turkey has been reported, their hallucinogenic chemicals have not been screened thoroughly. OBJECTIVE: This study provides LC-MS/MS analysis of 40 Salvia species for screening their psychoactive constituents of salvinorin A and salvinorin B. 5S-rRNA gene non-coding region of Salvia plants was sequenced, aligned and compared with that sequence of Salvia divinorum plant...
July 19, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719921/-patient-s-autonomy-and-information-in-psycho-oncology-computer-based-distress-screening-for-an-interactive-treatment-planning-epos-react
#10
Norbert Schäffeler, Jana Sedelmaier, Hannah Möhrer, Katrin Ziser, Johanna Ringwald, Martin Wickert, Sara Brucker, Florian Junne, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
To identify distressed patients in oncology using screening questionnaires is quite challenging in clinical routine. Up to now there is no evidence based recommendation which instrument is most suitable and how to put a screening to practice. Using computer based screening tools offers the possibility to automatically analyse patient's data, inform psycho-oncological and medical staff about the results, and use reactive questionnaires. Studies on how to empower patients in decision making in psycho-oncology are rare...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718864/-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-addressing-fear-of-progression-in-cancer-out-patients
#11
Bärbel Rudolph, Alexander Wünsch, Peter Herschbach, Andreas Dinkel
Fear of progression (FoP) is an appropriate, rational response to the real threat of cancer and its treatments. However, patients experiencing elevated, dysfunctional levels of FoP often feel severely distressed and are in need of treatment. We previously conducted a (partly-)randomized controlled study with cancer patients undergoing in-patient rehabilitation and showed that a brief, four-session cognitive-behavioral group therapy significantly reduced dysfunctional FoP. In this report, we describe the adaption of the cognitive-behavioral group therapy program for use with cancer out-patients...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717383/what-influences-feeding-decisions-for-hiv-exposed-infants-in-rural-kenya
#12
Helen M Nabwera, Joyline Jepkosgei, Kelly W Muraya, Amin S Hassan, Catherine S Molyneux, Rehema Ali, Andrew M Prentice, James A Berkley, Martha K Mwangome
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding in the context of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) poses unique challenges to mothers and healthcare workers in balancing the perceived risks of HIV transmission and nutritional requirements. We aimed to describe the decision-making processes around infant feeding at a rural HIV clinic in Kenya. METHODS: We used a qualitative study design. Between March and August 2011, we conducted in-depth interviews (n = 9) and focus group discussions (n = 10) with purposively selected hospital and community respondents at Kilifi County Hospital, Kenya...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716619/attachment-insecurity-in-advanced-cancer-patients-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-version-of-the-brief-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-ecr-m16-g
#13
Philipp Rebecca, Vehling Sigrun, Scheffold Katharina, Grünke Britta, Härter Martin, Mehnert Anja, Schulz-Kindermann Frank, Lo Christopher
CONTEXT: Attachment insecurity refers to difficulty in trusting and relying on others in times of need. Its underlying factors attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance have been empirically associated with impaired coping in advanced cancer, and therefore should be considered in individually tailored medical and psychosocial treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the German translation of the Brief Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR-M16-G)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716256/post-stroke-depression-in-ghana-characteristics-and-correlates
#14
Fred Stephen Sarfo, Carolyn Jenkins, Arti Singh, Mayowa Owolabi, Akin Ojagbemi, Nathaniel Adusei, Raelle Saulson, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Poststroke depression (PSD) is prevalent and is an important determinant of functional recovery, quality of life and mortality after stroke. Scanty data on the nature of PSD among stroke survivors in sub-Saharan Africa prompted this study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and predictors of depression in a convenience sample of Ghanaian stroke survivors. METHODS: We evaluated consecutive stroke survivors encountered at a comprehensive neurology clinic in a tertiary medical center in Ghana...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713520/decisional-balance-and-self-efficacy-of-physical-activity-among-the-elderly-in-rasht-in-2013-based-on-the-transtheoretical-model
#15
Seddigheh Abbaspour, Rabiollah Farmanbar, Fateme Njafi, Arezoo Mohamadkhani Ghiasvand, Leila Dehghankar
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has been considered as health promotion, and identifying different effective psycho-social variables on physical has proven to be essential. OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between decisional balance and self-efficacy in physical activities using the transtheoretical model in the members of a retirement center in Rasht, Guillen. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 by using convenient sampling on 262 elderly people who are the members of retirement centers in Rasht...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713089/-peculiarities-of-clinical-psychopathological-phenomenology-of-chronic-neuropathies
#16
Olexandr O Belov, Tetiana P Rysynets, Elena F Shkondina, Iryna S Pototska
INTRODUCTION: The study of psycho-emotional reactions associated with chronic neuropathies, is an important factor of the integrated solution to the problem of treatment and prevention of disorders of the peripheral nervous system. The aim of the research is to study clinical psychopathological phenomenology and personality characteristics of patients suffering from chronic neuropathies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 115 patients with chronic neuropathies in comparison with 60 healthy persons using a clinical conversation method, shortened multivariable personality questionnaire, The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale, Spilberger's scale of trait and state anxiety and Symptom Check List-90-Revised questionnaire...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713088/-pathogenic-factors-of-regulatory-mechanisms-of-organism-adaptation-to-conditions-with-a-high-level-of-psychoemotional-load
#17
Oksana V Gorsha, Vasily I Gorsha
INTRODUCTION: The urgency of the issue is determined by the value of the stress impact of environmental conditions on workers of the operator personnel contingent, because the deterioration of their health and well-being is a factor in dangerous situations. However, the search for early diagnostic markers forming diseases, with a view to their prevention, is still a challenge. The aim was to establish the most important (among studied) pathogenetic factors of status of regulatory mechanisms of adaptation of individuals with a high level of psychoemotional load that is conditional upon profession...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711750/web-based-tailored-psycho-education-for-breast-cancer-patients-at-the-onset-of-the-survivorship-phase-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jolien M Admiraal, Annette W G van der Velden, Jenske I Geerling, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Grietje Bouma, Annemiek M E Walenkamp, Elisabeth G E de Vries, Carolien P Schröder, Anna K L Reyners
CONTEXT: Many breast cancer patients have unmet informational and psychosocial needs after treatment completion. A psycho-educational intervention may be well-suited to support these patients. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this multicenter randomized controlled trial was to examine the effectiveness of a web-based tailored psycho-educational program (ENCOURAGE) for breast cancer patients which aims to empower patients to take control over prevailing problems. METHODS: Female breast cancer patients from two hospitals in the Netherlands who recently completed (neo-)adjuvant chemotherapy were randomly assigned to standard care or 12-week access to the ENCOURAGE program providing fully automated information, problem-solving strategies, resources and services for reported problems...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711110/psychometric-properties-of-the-french-adaptation-of-the-basic-documentation-for-psycho-oncology-po-bado-a-distress-screening-tool
#19
Nena Stadelmaier, Kamel Gana, Yaël Saada, Odile Duguey-Cachey, Bruno Quintard
We translated and adapted the French version of the Basic Documentation for Psycho-Oncology (Po-Bado standard version) and we report its psychometric properties. The Po-Bado is a 12-item documentation instrument that measures psychosocial burden in cancer patients (all types and stages). The intensity of a patient's psychological suffering is evaluated by a health care professional (e.g., doctor, psychologist, nurse) in a semiguided interview. Overall, 252 cancer patients (Mage = 57 years, SD = 12.8 years) participated, completing the Po-Bado during a supportive care consultation following initial diagnosis...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702773/can-exercise-or-physical-activity-help-improve-postnatal-depression-and-weight-loss-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Maryam Saligheh, Daniel Hackett, Philip Boyce, Stephen Cobley
Despite exercise or physical activity (PA) being effective on depression and weight management generally, its effectiveness remains uncertain during postpartum. This systematic review aimed to determine the efficacy of exercise or PA interventions on postnatal depression (PND) and weight loss, with a subsequent aim to identify more effective intervention approaches. Using PRISMA guidelines, data searches conducted across six databases. Nine studies fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Based on identified studies (some with high-quality RCT designs), there was inconsistency as to whether exercise or PA simultaneously reduced PND symptoms and assisted weight loss (or related body composition indices)...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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