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International Journal of Surgery. Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302642/establishing-musculoskeletal-oncology-service-in-resource-constrained-country-challenges-and-solutions
#1
REVIEW
Obada Hasan, Akbar Zubairi, Zohaib Nawaz, Masood Umer
The burden of orthopedic tumor surgery in Pakistan is not known. Similarly the number of procedures being performed for bone and soft tissue surgery are not known. This is even becoming more challenging where the existence of rules and regulations in health care are next to minimal. Furthermore data recording in our country and case registries hardly exist. Despite the lack of information and resources, with high disease burden on community, various providers provide surgical interventions every day in our settings...
December 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302641/cancer-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-new-or-recurrent-malignancies-after-liver-transplantation
#2
REVIEW
Mengqi Liu, Wenzhi Guo, Shuijun Zhang
Cancer immunotherapy, as a new treatment modality, has been shown to be effective, especially in metastatic melanoma and lung cancer. Organ transplantation can be a life-saving procedure for patients with end-stage diseases of lung, heart, kidney and liver. While ironically, as improvements in organ transplantation have extended patients' lives, new or recurrent postsurgical malignancies have become an increasing threat to their long-term survival, especially in patients after liver transplantation due to hepatocellular carcinoma...
December 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302640/systematic-approach-to-musculoskeletal-benign-tumors
#3
REVIEW
Masood Umer, Obada H A Hasan, Dawar Khan, Nasir Uddin, Shahryar Noordin
The radiologic workup of musculoskeletal tumors can be both cost-efficient and extremely helpful to the referring clinician if one proceeds in a thoughtful and logical manner. It should be remembered that plain films remain the most reliable imaging method for assessment of both biological activity and probable histologic diagnosis of an osseous lesion. Further investigations are of help to determine the extent of lesion and to help in staging. In order to do this, we have found it useful to include an assessment of 10 determinants in the description of a tumor...
December 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302639/minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-via-sweet-approach-in-combination-with-cervical-mediastinoscopy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-case-series
#4
Wenxiang Wang, Baihua Zhang, Xu Li, Jie Wu, Zhining Wu, Yan Ding, Desong Yang, Jinming Tang, Min Su, Junliang Ma, Xianman You, Jianping Liang, Yong Zhou
Objective: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is increasingly used for the treatment of esophageal cancer. However, MIE via the Sweet approach has seldom been reported owing to the challenging procedure for a mediastinal lymph node. Thus, the approach of MIE via left-sided thoracoscopy coupled with video-assisted cervical mediastinoscopy (MIE-SM) was explored for eradicating the mediastinal lymph nodes and recurrent laryngeal nerve; the incidence of perioperative complications, mortality, and surgical radicality were analyzed...
December 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177209/-h-pylori-infection-and-gastric-cancer-in-bangladesh-a-case-control-study
#5
Khandker Kawser Sarker, Md Jahangir Kabir, A K M Minhaj Uddin Bhuyian, Md Shahjadul Alam, Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, M Abdul Ahad, Md Anisur Rahman, M Mizanur Rahman
Background: Like that of other Asian countries gastric cancer (GC) is also a leading cancer in Bangladesh and also a cause for cancer-related mortality. Infection with Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) is the strongest recognized risk factor for gastric adenocarcinoma. The infection is also prevalent in common people. This case-control study was carried out to find an association between GC and H. pylori infection in the community. Materials and Methods: To evaluate association of H...
November 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177235/metastatic-melanoma-patients-sensitivity-to-ipilimumab-cannot-be-predicted-by-tumor-characteristics
#6
Kara Rossfeld, Erinn M Hade, Alexandra Gangi, Matthew Perez, Emily N Kinsey, Joanna Grabska, Ashley Ederle, Jonathan Zager, April K Salama, Thomas E Olencki, Georgia M Beasley
Immune checkpoint inhibitors have dramatically changed the prognosis for patients with metastatic melanoma. However, not all patients respond to therapy and toxicities can be severe leaving need for reliable clinical predictive markers. Methods: We examined primary tumor characteristics including ulceration, BRAF mutation status, and Breslow depth in patients who subsequently developed stage IV disease and were treated with ipilimumab at 3 institutions. Patients in this study were not treated on clinical trials...
October 2017: International journal of surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177234/the-rising-prevalence-of-obesity-part-a-impact-on-public-health-erratum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177233/sulfonylureas-not-metformin-improve-survival-of-patients-with-diabetes-and-resectable-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-erratum
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177232/functional-rehabilitation-in-advanced-intraoral-cancer-erratum
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177231/is-a-surgical-cure-in-the-future-for-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastasis
#10
REVIEW
Kristen Little
This review was constructed to evaluate the current advancements in the surgical management of colorectal cancer liver metastases. A shift from the classic conservative and palliative management of such cases has begun with transitions toward surgical management. This shift is due to multiple compounding factors of which many are being studied and presented individually. By combing these factors together, this review provides guidance on the most significant preoperative prognostic factors and suggests future treatment goals for these patients...
September 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177230/a-step-forward-in-surgical-education
#11
EDITORIAL
Tobin Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177229/the-rising-prevalence-of-obesity-part-b-public-health-policy-solutions
#12
REVIEW
Maliha Agha, Riaz Agha
Obesity is likely to supersede tobacco as the biggest cause of premature death. England has some of the worst figures and trends in obesity compared with the rest of the Europe. Rising obesity prevalence is an international crisis that has the potential to overwhelm health care resources as well as creating enormous human suffering and social cost. This article outlines potential public health policy solutions to this crisis.
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177228/a-systems-analysis-of-ward-rounds-in-plastic-surgery-at-a-single-center
#13
Riaz Agha
Ward rounds permeate health care delivery worldwide and form an important daily activity within all hospitals. In this study, the daily morning ward round in plastic surgery was examined from a teleological and systems point of view. Methods: Data were gathered from the following sources to inform the systems analysis: patient interviews, staff interviews, direct observations of the ward round on multiple occasions, and through process mapping. Results: To better understand the ward and its layout, a schematic of it was developed...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177227/the-rising-prevalence-of-obesity-part-a-impact-on-public-health
#14
REVIEW
Maliha Agha, Riaz Agha
Excessive fat accumulation in the body may impair health leading to a significant long-term health consequences including the development of diabetes, coronary heart disease, and osteoarthritis as well as increasing the risk of developing certain cancers and influencing their outcomes. England has some of the worst figures and trends in obesity compared with the rest of the Europe. In the majority of European countries the trend has increased from 10% to 40% in the last 10 years, whereas in England prevalence has more than doubled...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177226/comparative-effectiveness-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-prostatectomy-for-men-with-low-risk-prostate-cancer-a-matched-case-control-study
#15
Rahul R Parikh, Amil Patel, Sinae Kim, Isaac Yi Kim, Sharad Goyal
Little data exist on effect of undergoing laparoscopic prostatectomy(LP) versus open prostatectomy(OP) upon 30-day mortality rates among low-risk prostate cancer patients. Materials and methods: Using the National Cancer Database, we identified men (2004 to 2013) with biopsy-proven, low-risk prostate cancer who met the eligibility criteria: N0, M0, T-stage≤2A, PSA≤10 ng/mL, and Gleason score=6. We utilized a 1:N matched case-control study, with cases and controls matched by race, insurance status, Charlson-Deyo comorbidity score, surgical margin status, and facility type to investigate the short-term comparative effectiveness of LP versus OP...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177225/the-principles-of-the-surgical-management-of-gastric-cancer
#16
Elroy P Weledji
Surgery is the only curative therapy for gastric cancer but most operable gastric cancer presents in a locally advanced stage characterized by tumor infiltration of the serosa or the presence of regional lymph node metastases. Surgery alone is no longer the standard treatment for locally advanced gastric cancer as the prognosis is markedly improved by perioperative chemotherapy. The decisive factor for optimum treatment is the multidisciplinary team specialized in gastric cancer. However, despite multimodal therapy and adequate surgery only 30% of gastric cancer patients are alive at 3 years...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075678/pediatric-oncologic-endosurgery
#17
REVIEW
Yoon Jung Boo, Jan Goedecke, Oliver J Muensterer
Despite increasing popularity of minimal-invasive techniques in the pediatric population, their use in diagnosis and management of pediatric malignancy is still debated. Moreover, there is limited evidence to clarify this controversy due to low incidence of each individual type of pediatric tumor, huge diversity of the disease entity, heterogeneity of surgical technique, and lack of well-designed studies on pediatric oncologic minimal-invasive surgery. However, a rapid development of medical instruments and technologies accelerated the current trend toward less invasive surgery, including oncologic endosurgery...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177224/how-to-write-a-medical-cv
#18
Riaz Agha, Katharine Whitehurst, Daniyal Jafree, Yadsan Devabalan, Kiron Koshy, Buket Gundogan
A medical curriculum vitae remains an important document that has 2 main roles: to distinguish candidates applying for various positions, whether that be jobs, posts, grants and it provides a means of keeping an up-to-date record of all your achievements and skills gained thus far. This article provides detailed guidance on how to structure an effective curriculum vitae to maximize your chances of success when applying for these positions.
July 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177223/how-to-study-effectively
#19
Alexander Fowler, Katharine Whitehurst, Yasser Al Omran, Shivanchan Rajmohan, Yagazie Udeaja, Kiron Koshy, Buket Gundogan
The ability to study effectively is an essential part of completing a medical degree. To cope with the vast amount of information and skills needed to be acquired, it is necessary develop effective study techniques. In this article we outline the various methods students can use to excel in upcoming examinations.
July 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177222/how-to-organize-a-medical-elective
#20
Georgina Wellstead, Kiron Koshy, Katharine Whitehurst, Buket Gundogan, Alexander J Fowler
The medical elective is often considered a major highlight of the medical school experience. However, organizing an elective can be a daunting experience. From selecting a destination, to securing bursaries, the road is fraught with uncertainty. In this article, we provide some guidance on how to successfully organize a medical elective. This includes the selection of the destination; options for research or clinical practice and tips for budgeting and acquiring travel bursaries.
July 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
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