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Academic Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761157/a-next-generation-sequencing-primer-how-does-it-work-and-what-can-it-do
#1
REVIEW
Yuriy O Alekseyev, Roghayeh Fazeli, Shi Yang, Raveen Basran, Thomas Maher, Nancy S Miller, Daniel Remick
Next-generation sequencing refers to a high-throughput technology that determines the nucleic acid sequences and identifies variants in a sample. The technology has been introduced into clinical laboratory testing and produces test results for precision medicine. Since next-generation sequencing is relatively new, graduate students, medical students, pathology residents, and other physicians may benefit from a primer to provide a foundation about basic next-generation sequencing methods and applications, as well as specific examples where it has had diagnostic and prognostic utility...
January 2018: Academic pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662949/dealing-with-deans-and-academic-medical-center-leadership-advice-from-leaders
#2
Fred Sanfilippo, Deborah Powell, Robert Folberg, Mark Tykocinski
The 2017 Association of Pathology Chairs Annual Meeting included a session for department chairs and other department leaders on "how to deal with deans and academic medical center leadership." The session was focused on discussing ways to foster positive relationships with university, medical school, and health system leaders, and productively address issues and opportunities with them. Presentations and a panel discussion were provided by 4 former pathology chairs who subsequently have served as medical deans and in other leadership positions including university provost, medical center CEO, and health system board chair...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637086/outsourcing-of-academic-clinical-laboratories-experiences-and-lessons-from-the-association-of-pathology-chairs-laboratory-outsourcing-survey
#3
Robert E Mrak, Tristram G Parslow, John E Tomaszewski
American hospitals are increasingly turning to service outsourcing to reduce costs, including laboratory services. Studies of this practice have largely focused on nonacademic medical centers. In contrast, academic medical centers have unique practice environments and unique mission considerations. We sought to elucidate and analyze clinical laboratory outsourcing experiences in US academic medical centers. Seventeen chairs of pathology with relevant experience were willing to participate in in-depth interviews about their experiences...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623293/trends-in-pathology-graduate-medical-education-programs-and-positions-2001-to-2017
#4
Aldis H Petriceks, Darren Salmi
The US medical workforce is facing an impending physician shortage. This shortage holds special concern for pathologists, as many senior practitioners are set to retire in the coming years. Indeed, studies indicate a "pathologist gap" may grow through 2030. As such, it is important to understand current and future trends in US pathology. One key factor is graduate medical education. In this study, we analyzed data from the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education, to determine the change in pathology graduate medical education programs and positions, from 2001 to 2017...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582002/the-continuing-fellowship-conundrum
#5
Suzanne Zein-Eldin Powell, Peter J Kragel, Ronald E Domen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582001/a-pathology-explanation-clinic-pec-for-patient-centered-laboratory-medicine-test-results
#6
Blake Gibson, Erika Bracamonte, Elizabeth A Krupinski, Margaret M Briehl, Gail P Barker, John B Weinstein, Ronald S Weinstein
This concept paper addresses communication issues arising between physicians and their patients. To facilitate the communication of essential diagnostic pathology information to patients, and address their questions and concerns, we propose that "Pathology Explanation Clinics" be created. The Pathology Explanation Clinics would provide a channel for direct communications between pathologists and patients. Pathologists would receive special training as "Certified Pathologist Navigators" in preparation for this role...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435488/evaluating-nonclinical-performance-of-the-academic-pathologist-a-comprehensive-scalable-and-flexible-system-for-leadership-use
#7
Austin Blackburn Wiles, Michael O Idowu, Charles V Clevenger, Celeste N Powers
Academic pathologists perform clinical duties, as well as valuable nonclinical activities. Nonclinical activities may consist of research, teaching, and administrative management among many other important tasks. While clinical duties have many clear metrics to measure productivity, like the relative value units of Medicare reimbursement, nonclinical performance is often difficult to measure. Despite the difficulty of evaluating nonclinical activities, nonclinical productivity is used to determine promotion, funding, and inform professional evaluations of performance...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376115/the-association-of-departmental-quality-infrastructure-and-positive-change-a-pathology-department-illustration
#8
Jody E Hooper, Hazel Richardson, Amelia W Maters, Karen C Carroll, Peter J Pronovost
A vertically and horizontally well-integrated quality improvement team is essential for effective quality data collection and implementation of improvement measures. We outline the quality structure of a large academic pathology department and describe successful projects across multiple divisions made possible by this tightly integrated structure. The physician vice chair for quality organizes departmental quality efforts and provides representation at the hospital level. The department has an independent continuous quality improvement unit and each laboratory of the department has a staff quality improvement representative...
January 2018: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308431/undergraduate-specialist-program-in-pathobiology-at-the-university-of-toronto
#9
Douglas M Templeton, Avrum I Gotlieb
Following a merger of the Departments of Pathology, Clinical Biochemistry, and part of Medical Microbiology, our faculty agreed to deliver a new, unique undergraduate program "Specialist in Pathobiology" at the University of Toronto, in order to teach current concepts of mechanisms of disease to students selected from the large undergraduate science population. The emphasis was on molecular and cellular aspects of pathogenesis and not on the clinical practice of laboratory medicine and pathology. Based on the then new Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, we drew upon our large faculty and new recruits in both basic and clinical science to deliver a new curriculum that is unique and dynamic...
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209658/surgical-pathology-resident-rotation-restructuring-at-a-tertiary-care-academic-center
#10
Chelsea R Mehr, Amrom E Obstfeld, Amanda C Barrett, Kathleen T Montone, Lauren E Schwartz
Changes in the field of pathology and resident education necessitate ongoing evaluation of residency training. Evolutionary change is particularly important for surgical pathology rotations, which form the core of anatomic pathology training programs. In the past, we organized this rotation based on subjective insight. When faced with the recent need to restructure the rotation, we strove for a more evidence-based process. Our approach involved 2 primary sources of data. We quantified the number of cases and blocks submitted per case type to estimate workload and surveyed residents about the time required to gross specimens in all organ systems...
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057317/steering-an-idea-in-undergraduate-research-at-a-rural-research-intensive-university
#11
Donald A Sens, Karen L Cisek, Scott H Garrett, Seema Somji, Jane R Dunlevy, Mary Ann Sens, Pat Conway, Van A Doze
This study documents outcomes, including student career choices, of the North Dakota Institutional Development Award Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence program that provides 10-week, summer undergraduate research experiences at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Program evaluation initiated in 2008 and, to date, 335 students have completed the program. Of the 335, 214 students have successfully completed their bachelor's degree, 102 are still undergraduates, and 19 either did not complete a bachelor's degree or were lost to follow-up...
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057316/life-after-being-a-pathology-department-chair-ii-lessons-learned
#12
David N Bailey, Mary F Lipscomb, Fred Gorstein, David Wilkinson, Fred Sanfilippo
The 2016 Association of Pathology Chairs annual meeting featured a discussion group of Association of Pathology Chairs senior fellows (former chairs of academic departments of pathology who have remained active in Association of Pathology Chairs) that focused on how they decided to transition from the chair, how they prepared for such transition, and what they did after the transition. At the 2017 annual meeting, the senior fellows (encompassing 481 years of chair service) discussed lessons they learned from service as chair...
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913416/using-focused-laboratory-management-and-quality-improvement-projects-to-enhance-resident-training-and-foster-scholarship
#13
Matthew D Krasowski, Bradley A Ford, J Stacey Klutts, Chris S Jensen, Angela S Briggs, Robert A Robinson, Leslie A Bruch, Nitin J Karandikar
Training in patient safety, quality, and management is widely recognized as an important element of graduate medical education. These concepts have been intertwined in pathology graduate medical education for many years, although training programs face challenges in creating explicit learning opportunities in these fields. Tangibly involving pathology residents in management and quality improvement projects has the potential to teach and reinforce key concepts and further fulfill Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education goals for pursuing projects related to patient safety and quality improvement...
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913415/forensic-pathology-education-in-pathology-residency-a-survey-of-current-practices-a-novel-curriculum-and-recommendations-for-the-future
#14
Amanda Spencer, Wayne K Ross, Ronald E Domen
Forensic pathology is a fundamental part of anatomic pathology training during pathology residency. However, the lack of information on forensic teaching suggests the highly variable nature of forensic education. A survey of pathology residency program directors was performed to determine key aspects of their respective forensic rotations and curriculum. A total of 38.3% of programs from across the country responded, and the survey results show 5.6% don't require a forensic pathology rotation. In those that do, most forensic pathology rotations are 4 weeks long, are done at a medical examiner's office, and require set prerequisites...
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840191/wrong-blood-in-tube
#15
Joan Uehlinger
The following fictional case is intended as a learning tool within the Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME), a set of national standards for teaching pathology. These are divided into three basic competencies: Disease Mechanisms and Processes, Organ System Pathology, and Diagnostic Medicine and Therapeutic Pathology. For additional information, and a full list of learning objectives for all three competencies, see http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2374289517715040.
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815206/autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease
#16
Ashley S Hafer, Richard M Conran
The following fictional case is intended as a learning tool within the Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME), a set of national standards for teaching pathology. These are divided into three basic competencies: Disease Mechanisms and Processes, Organ System Pathology, and Diagnostic Medicine and Therapeutic Pathology. For additional information, and a full list of learning objectives for all three competencies, see http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2374289517715040.
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815205/subarachnoid-hemorrhage-related-to-ruptured-berry-aneurysm
#17
Sarah Meyers
The following fictional case is intended as a learning tool within the Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME), a set of national standards for teaching pathology. These are divided into three basic competencies: Disease Mechanisms and Processes, Organ System Pathology, and Diagnostic Medicine and Therapeutic Pathology. For additional information, and a full list of learning objectives for all three competencies, see http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2374289517715040.
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815204/pathology-competencies-for-medical-education-and-educational-cases
#18
Barbara E C Knollmann-Ritschel, Donald P Regula, Michael J Borowitz, Richard Conran, Michael B Prystowsky
Current medical school curricula predominantly facilitate early integration of basic science principles into clinical practice to strengthen diagnostic skills and the ability to make treatment decisions. In addition, they promote life-long learning and understanding of the principles of medical practice. The Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME) were developed in response to a call to action by pathology course directors nationwide to teach medical students pathology principles necessary for the practice of medicine...
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815203/transition-to-subspecialty-sign-out-at-an-academic-institution-and-its-advantages
#19
Joanna L Conant, Pamela C Gibson, Janice Bunn, Abiy B Ambaye
Many pathology departments are introducing subspecialty sign-out in surgical pathology. In 2014, the University of Vermont Medical Center transitioned from general sign-out to partial subspecialty sign-out to include gastrointestinal and breast/cervix subspecialty benches; other specimens remained on general benches. Our experiences with the transition are described, including attending pathologist, trainee, support staff, and clinician satisfaction. A survey was e-mailed to all University of Vermont Medical Center anatomic pathology attendings, pathology trainees, pathologist assistants and grossing technicians, and clinicians who send surgical pathology specimens, immediately before and 1 year after transitioning to partial subspecialty sign-out...
January 2017: Academic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815202/genetic-mutations-and-multifactorial-inheritance-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#20
Eric S Suarez, Barbara E C Knollmann-Ritschel
The following fictional case is intended as a learning tool within the Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME), a set of national standards for teaching pathology. These are divided into three basic competencies: Disease Mechanisms and Processes, Organ System Pathology, and Diagnostic Medicine and Therapeutic Pathology. For additional information, and a full list of learning objectives for all three competencies, see http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2374289517715040.
January 2017: Academic Pathology
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